Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Ecuador

Toolbox

Datasheet

Ecuador

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 17,373,662 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 6,090 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 105,721.49 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 107,435.66 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 9.00 (2019)

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

List of Species

Top of page

The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
Cucumis dipsaceus (hedgehog gourd)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2016)
yellow head virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2009)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginaleAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Hepatobacter penaeiAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip)PresentCaicedo et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO (2022); Romero et al. (2021)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999); Delgado et al. (2014); EPPO (2021)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaVibrio parahaemolyticusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)Absent, Formerly presentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces invadansAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982); Forbes et al. (1997); Adler et al. (2002); Adler et al. (2004)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentAmano (1986)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Present, LocalizedNativeRorer (1918); Desrosiers and Diaz (1956); Desrosiers (1957); Webster and Butler (1967); Chalmers (1969); Engelbrecht and Harrington (2005); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast)PresentIntroducedMillar and Minter (1980)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiplodia seriata (grapevine trunk disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. elaeidis (fusarium wilt of oil palm)Present, Few occurrencesUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMourichon and Fullerton (1990); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora ulei (South American leaf blight of rubber (SALB))PresentNativeInvasiveHolliday (1970); UK, CAB International (1990); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAustropuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)PresentStevenson (1926); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora perniciosa (witches' broom disease of cacao)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora roreri (frosty pod rot)PresentIntroducedInvasivePhillips-Mora (2003); Suárez (1987); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, Few occurrencesTola (1984); CIMMYT (1988)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); Garcés et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaThecaphora solani (potato smut)Present, LocalizedNativeO'Brien and Thirumalachar (1972); UK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)PresentSantiago and Merino (2000); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Mound and Halsey (1978); UK, CAB International (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated); NHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurotrachelus atratus (palm-infesting whitefly)PresentIntroducedBorowiec et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentDarwin (1854); Henry and McLaughlin (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)Present, WidespreadStone (1942); Foote (1982); Harper et al. (1989); Molineros et al. (1992); Hernández-Ortiz et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha grandis (South American cucurbit fruit fly)Present, LocalizedNativeNorrbom (1991); Tigrero (1998); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly)Present, WidespreadNativeMolineros et al. (1992); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly)Present, WidespreadNativeGreene (1934); Stone (1942); Molineros et al. (1992); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha striata (guava fruit fly)PresentNativeStone (1942); Molineros et al. (1992); CABI and EPPO (2002); Sánchez (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale)PresentNHM (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1966); Kondo (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactericera cockerelli (tomato/potato psyllid)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Castillo Carrillo et al. (2019); Caicedo et al. (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022); Valarezo et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentValarezo et al. (2008); Fiallo-Olivé et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlaberus atroposPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedBonsall (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveGasparich et al. (1997); Davies et al. (1999); Gasperi et al. (2002); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax cainii (smooth marron)PresentIntroducedLawrence and Jones (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish)PresentIntroducedRomero (1997); Romero (2002); FAO-DIAS (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentNHM (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)PresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCoaton (1948)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHeinemann and Belkin (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)PresentCornejo and Chica (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022); Hauser (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994); Orellana M and Vera D (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug)PresentGarcía Morales et al. (2016); Williams and Granara de Willink (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpitrix tuberis (tuber flea beetle)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1987); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentNakahara (1997); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)PresentOnore and Gara (2007); Burckhardt et al. (2008); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGymnandrosoma aurantianum (citrus fruit borer)PresentNoboa et al. (2018); Noboa et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentDenmark (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (bollworm)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1961)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentSchotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentKlein-Koch and Miranda (1990); Sponagel (1994); Cristancho et al. (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypsipyla grandella (mahogany shoot borer)PresentManso (1974)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentNHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Wild (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI and EPPO (1998); Scheffer and Lewis (2001); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)PresentNativeCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentSmith and Cermeli (1979); UK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeoleucinodes elegantalis (eggplant stem borer)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Paredes et al. (2010); Díaz-Montilla et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentPavlovčič et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994); CABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes bondariPresentNHM (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina fulvaPresentPazmiño-Palomino et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)Absent, Formerly presentShrimp News (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWilliams and Granara de Willink (1992); Granara de Willink and Szumik (2007); Prishanthini and Vinobaba (2009); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhilornis downsiPresentBulgarella et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoetalia pallidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea absoluta (tomato leafminer)PresentIntroducedPovolny (1975); Schotman (1989); Cifuentes et al. (2011); Haddi et al. (2012); CABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Present, Few occurrencesCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentCañarte Bermúdez et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus elisae (banana mealybug)PresentGimpel and Miller (1996); Williams and Granara de Willink (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite)PresentAlcívar et al. (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil)PresentEsser and Meredith (1987); Gerber and Giblin-Davis (1990); Rochat et al. (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedomerus macropus (liverfluke snail predator fly)PresentNeff and Berg (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentIntroducedISSG (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); Nagoshi et al. (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTecia solanivora (potato tuber moth)Present, WidespreadGallegos and Suquillo (1997); INIAP/PNRT (1997); CABI and EPPO (2001); Zeddam et al. (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentByrne et al. (1990); Trujillo et al. (2004); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1962); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)PresentEPPO (2022); Dole et al. (2010); Martinez et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBoa imperator (Central American Boa)Present, WidespreadNativeHynková et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis lupus familiaris (dogs)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)Absent, Formerly presentLever (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus coqui (Caribbean tree frog)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGrubb (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHoplosternum littorale (armoured catfish)PresentNativeFishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana)PresentNativeLeenders (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird)PresentNativeInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Pullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)Present, LocalizedFjeldså and Krabbe (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCastellanos-Galindo et al. (2016); Cohen (2016); Kwok (2016); White (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentIntroducedTeixeira et al. (2001); Flores Nava (2005); Kraus (2009); Santos-Barrera et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciaenops ocellatus (red drum)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentIntroducedLong (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral)PresentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCiomperlik et al. (2013); Correoso and Coello (2009); Vogler et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)PresentIntroducedTaylor (1914)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHutchinson et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMagallana gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Osorio (1990); Terranova (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Absent, Formerly presentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Present, LocalizedBridge (1975); Bridge (1976); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedIntroducedFranco et al. (1998); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedNativeFranco et al. (1998); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadVelastegui and Fiallos (1987); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)Present, WidespreadBridge (1975); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)Present, LocalizedBridge (1976); CABI and EPPO (1999); Aguirre et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRhadinaphelenchus cocophilus (red ring nematode)PresentBrathwaite and Siddiqi (1975); Gerber et al. (1990); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusPresentOIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesGyrodactylus salarisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)PresentNativeMoran et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum appendiculatum (palm fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum cordatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCeratopteris thalictroides (watersprite)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)Present, WidespreadNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMacrothelypteris torresiana (swordfern)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeThomson and Alonso-Amelot (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris tripartita (giant brake)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minimaPresentNativeGBIF (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaThelypteris opulenta (jewelled maiden fern)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedSmith (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus moschatus (musk mallow)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)PresentIntroducedAchigan-Dako (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2016); CSIRO (2000); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentNativeILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdonidia merrillii (Christmas palm)PresentIntroducedJørgensen and León-Yànez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene americana (shyleaf)PresentNativeILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene indica (Indian jointvetch)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp)PresentIntroducedJørgensen and León-Yánez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave vivipara (Caribbean agave)PresentIntroducedGentry (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia cucullata (Chinese taro)PresentIntroducedJørgensen and León-Yánez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger)PresentIntroducedJørgensen and León-Yànez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera caracasanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera halimifolia (hairy joyweed)PresentCharles Darwin Foundation (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera pungens (Khaki weed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1991); Missouri Botanical Garden (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentIntroducedVascular Plants of Ecuador (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus cruentus (red amaranth)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015); Eliasson (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth)PresentNativeEliasson (1987); Guézou et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentNativeJørgensen and León-Yánez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia peruviana (Peruvian ragweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedVascular Plants of Ecuador (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentOtero Canelos (1991); Vascular Plants of Ecuador (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentNativeVascular Plants of Ecuador (2014); Clark et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentVascular Plants of Ecuador (2014); Randall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedUSA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009); Vascular Plants of Ecuador (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera baselloides (Madeira vine)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveJørgensen and León-Yànez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)Present, LocalizedNative and IntroducedCABI (Undated); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016); PIER (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristida ternipes (spidergrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Vascular Plants of Ecuador (2015); Weeds of Australia (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia littoralis (elegant dutchman's pipe)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentIntroducedeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Missouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentGuezou et al. (2011); USA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2011); USDA-ARS (2011); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet)PresentIntroducedPIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAustrocylindropuntia cylindrica (cane cactus)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAustrocylindropuntia subulata (Eve’s needle cactus)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa monnieri (water hyssop)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa longispiculata (mahal bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa tuldoides (punting pole bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017); Missouri Botanical Garden (2017); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBatis maritima (saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentNativeGBIF (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBougainvillea spectabilis (great bougainvillea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveJørgensen and León-Yánez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)Absent, Intercepted onlyJørgensen and León-Yánez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMissouri Botanical Garden (2018); PIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBreynia disticha (snowbush)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromelia pinguin (wild pineapple)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia candida (angel's trumpet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentNativePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2014); PIER (2014); Vascular Plants of Ecuador (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalceolaria chelidonioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalceolaria tripartitaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia fragrans (basketplant)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCharles Darwin Foundation (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repens (creeping inch-plant)PresentNativeJørgensen and León-Yànez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveWorld Agroforestry Centre (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCananga odorata (ylang-ylang)PresentIntroducedVascular Plants of Antioquia (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia ensiformis (jack bean)PresentNativeCatalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna x generalis (canna lily)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009); Vascular Plants of Ecuador (2014); Sivaprasad et al. (2015); Colimba et al. (2016); Sivaprasad et al. (2017); Quilambaqui Jara and Maringoni (2018); Vélez-Olmedo et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentEPPO (2022); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentNativeJørgensen and León-Yànez (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarludovica palmata (Panama hat plant)PresentNative and IntroducedCharles Darwin Foundation (2008); IUCN (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus chilensis (sea fig)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCascabela thevetia (yellow oleander)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2014); Vascular Plants of Ecuador (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)PresentNativeVascular Plants of Ecuador (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentIntroducedJørgensen and León-Yánez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree)Present, WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); PIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCecropia peltata (trumpet tree)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)PresentJenett-Siems et al. (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensis (Maltese starthistle)PresentIntroducedJorgensen and Ulloa U (1994); Jørgensen and León-Yànez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy)PresentNativePruski (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris gayana (Rhodes grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentNativeGautier (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinchona pubescens (quinine tree)Present, LocalizedNativeHarmann (1984); Tye (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentIntroducedForcella and Randall (1994); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus verticillata (possum grape vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentFAO (2013); Cañarte Bermúdez et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013); Cañarte Bermúdez et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower)PresentIntroducedWaterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum thomsoniae (bleeding glory bower)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedVascular Plants of Ecuador (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentNativeWester and Wood (1977); PIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClusia roseaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012); PIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedHenderson et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)Present, WidespreadIntroducedJørgensen and León-Yánez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedInvasiveJørgensen and León-Yànez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationVascular Plants of Ecuador (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia jubata (purple pampas grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos)PresentNativeVascular Plants of Ecuador (2016); Robinson (2006); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia)PresentIntroducedJørgensen and León-Yánez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCucumis anguria (West Indian gherkin)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentBarroso (1954); Leeuwen et al. (2008); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyathula prostrata (pasture weed)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyclanthera pedataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon schoenanthus (camel grass)PresentIntroducedSoreng et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGómez-Laurito (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al. (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentLopez et al. (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus meyenianus (Meyen's flatsedge)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura inoxia (Downy Thornapple)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedUSA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)PresentNativeILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium uncinatum (Silver-leaf desmodium)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium aristatum (angelton bluestem)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDieffenbachia seguine (dumb cane)PresentNativeHEAR (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria fuscescens (yellow crab grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper)PresentNativeUlloa (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDracaena fragrans (corn plant)PresentIntroducedJørgensen and León-Yánez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDypsis lutescens (yellow butterfly palm)PresentIntroducedCharles Darwin Foundation (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentNativeJørgensen and León-Yánez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentBohorquez and Salazar (1975); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-pavonis (gulf cockspur grass)PresentNativeTropicos (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinodorus grisebachiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinodorus horizontalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth)PresentNativeUSA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009); USDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, LocalizedGopal (1987); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)PresentIntroducedBrandbyge (1989); Missouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedJørgensen and León-Yànez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2018); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEntada gigas (sea-bean)PresentNativeILDIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpiphyllum oxypetalum (dutchman's-pipe cactus)PresentIntroducedCharles Darwin Foundation (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis amabilis (Japanese lovegrass)PresentIntroducedGiraldo Cañas et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis ciliaris (gophertail lovegrass)PresentIntroducedGiraldo Cañas et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentIntroducedGiraldo Cañas et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis unioloides (Chinese lovegrass)PresentIntroducedGiraldo Cañas et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2012); Belcher (1956)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedPruski (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)Present, PlantedIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina poeppigiana (coral tree)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEtlingera elatior (torch ginger)PresentIntroducedJørgensen and León-Yànez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptusPresentConstantino (2002); Romero et al. (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present, PlantedBernreiter et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentNativePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia milii (crown-of-thorns)PresentIntroducedJørgensen et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge)PresentIntroducedJørgensen and León-Yánez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tithymaloides (devil's backbone)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentIntroducedVascular Plants of Ecuador (2014); FAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentFlora Mesoamericana (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentWBN Flora Database (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)PresentIntroducedFlora of Nicaragua (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentVascular Plants of Ecuador (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2013); Darrow (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus uhdei (tropical ash)PresentIntroducedFilgueira et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalphimia gracilis (goldshower)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002); WAC (2005); ILDIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena globosa (globe amaranth)PresentNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena serrata (arrasa con todo)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2017); PIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGossypium barbadense (Gallini cotton)PresentNativePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelanthium bolivianumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelanthium tenellumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliocarpus americanus (white moho)Present, LocalizedNativeLay (1949); USDA-ARS (2012); Grandtner and Chevrette (2013); Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum (salt heliotrope)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentJohnston (1928)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHevea brasiliensis (rubber)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHippeastrum puniceum (Barbados lily)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMissouri Botanical Garden (2013); PIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHura crepitans (sand box)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedMathias (1936); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne)Present, WidespreadNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis brevipes (lesser roundweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut)PresentNativeGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (busy lizzy)PresentIntroducedJørgensen and León-Yánez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentNativePlants of Ecuador (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInga punctata (ice cream bean tree)Present, WidespreadNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (white moonflower )PresentNativeStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentHerrera et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea cairica (five-fingered morning glory)PresentIntroducedStaples (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea hederifolia (scarlet-creeper )PresentNativeStaples (2016); Witt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea imperatiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentNative and IntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea nil (white edge morning-glory)PresentNativeStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentNativeDavidse et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIxora finlaysoniana (white jungle flame)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum sambac (Arabian jasmine)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2008); PIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)Present, WidespreadNativeCSIRO (1998); Padua et al. (1999); USA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); Balslev (1996); Kirschner (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut)PresentNativeJørgensen and León-Yánez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe blossfeldiana (flaming katy)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSoria et al. (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentIntroducedJørgensen and León-Yánez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentIntroducedJørgensen and León-Yànez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentNativeBarreto et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet)PresentIntroducedJørgensen and León-Yánez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentPyrah (1969)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentNativeWCSP (2018); PIER (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa mucronata (mucronate sprangletop )PresentIntroducedInvasiveBohorquez and Salazar (1975); eMonocot (2016); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016); PIER (2016); Royal Botanic Gardens Kew (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresent, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum japonicum (Japanese privet)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant)PresentNativeEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnocharis flava (yellow bur-head)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentIntroducedJørgensen and León-Yánez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentNativeGBIF (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentRaven (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peruviana (primrose willow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa acutangula (angled luffa)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah)PresentPIER (2007); Zipcode Zoo (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus penduliflorus (Turk's cap mallow)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaranta arundinacea (arrowroot)PresentNativeGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017); Jorgensen and Ulloa U (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelicoccus bijugatus (Spanish lime)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedJørgensen and León-Yànez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)Present, WidespreadIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose)PresentNativeAustin (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia cissoides (roadside woodrose)PresentNativeAustin (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentNativeAustin (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia)Present, LocalizedNativeMeyer (1994); Seixas et al. (2007); Alves et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)PresentNativeHolmes (1975); Cock (1981); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)PresentNativeILDIS (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)PresentNativeWiggins and Porter (1971)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)PresentNativeBarneby (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentPIER (2014); Vascular Plants of Ecuador (2014); Fiallo-Olivé et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry)Present, WidespreadNativeJørgensen and León-Yánez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurraya paniculata (orange jessamine)PresentIntroducedSmithsonian Museum of Natural History (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMussaenda philippica (Queen of Philippines)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella neesiana (Chilean needlegrass)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNerium oleander (oleander)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana plumbaginifolia (Tex-Mex tobacco)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedVascular Plants of Ecuador (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea ampla (dot-leaf water-lily)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema cuspidatum (Cardinal’s guard)PresentIntroducedJørgensen and León-Yànez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid)PresentIntroducedDodson and Bennett (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia corymbosa (flat-top mille graines)PresentIntroducedOliveira and Souza (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia lancifolia (calycose mille graines)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. europaea (European olive)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)Present, PlantedIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia humifusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018); Benson (1982); Missouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)PresentTakeoka (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis articulataPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPachira aquatica (pachira nut)PresentNativeCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPachira insignis (wild chestnut)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Jørgensen and León-Yánez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)Present, PlantedNativeILDIS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2008); USDA-ARS (2012); Missouri Botanical Garden (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)Present, LocalizedNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentNativeChase (1929); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum fasciculatum (bull grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum notatum (Bahia grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2018); Missouri Botanical Garden (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum virgatum (sword grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCABI (Undated); USDA-ARS (2014); Sivaprasad et al. (2017); Yeturu et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentNativeKillip (1938)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora ligularis (sweet granadilla)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm-Nielsen et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora maliformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tarminiana (banana passionfruit)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tripartita var. mollissima (banana passionfruit)Present, WidespreadNativeKillip (1938); Holm-Nielsen et al. (1988); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPentas lanceolata (Egyptian starcluster)PresentCABI (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria maculosa (redshank)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)PresentNativePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed)PresentNativeJørgensen and León-Yànez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentILDIS (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2008); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2018); Missouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)PresentIntroducedUSDA-APHIS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys reticulata (giant timber bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1997); Jørgensen and León-Yánez (1999); CDRS (2005); Missouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentNativeInvasivePIER (2012); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper)PresentNativeStarr et al. (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper auritumPresentIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPontederia rotundifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedWiggins and Porter (1971)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015); PIER (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis pallida (mesquite)PresentNativeBurkart (1976); Díaz Celis (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)Present, PlantedIntroducedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPseudelephantopus spicatus (false elephant’s foot)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012); World Agroforestry Centre (2002); FAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma elegans (solitaire palm)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentIntroducedJørgensen and León-Yànez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaQuamoclit hederifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationVascular Plants of Ecuador (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRotala ramosiorPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentIntroducedCarcelen (1975); Millhollon and Burner (1993); Valverde et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)PresentIntroducedISSG (2014); Missouri Botanical Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant)PresentIntroducedVascular Plants of Ecuador (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRytidostylis carthagenensisPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMissouri Botanical Garden (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix humboldtiana (pencil willow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia occidentalis (West Indian sage)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus canadensis (American black elderberry)PresentIntroducedJørgensen and León-Yánez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)Present, PlantedIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia parvibracteata (sanchezia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia speciosa (shrubby whitevein)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)PresentIntroducedInvasiveJørgensen and León-Yánez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus barbatus (common Mediterranean grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSechium edule (chayote)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedJørgensen and León-Yánez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna)PresentNativeVascular Plants of Ecuador (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna hirsuta (hairy senna)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)PresentUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2007); PIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)Present, WidespreadNativeGBIF (2012); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentNativePorter (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida repens (Javanese fanpetals)PresentKrapovickas (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)PresentLim (2013); USDA-ARS (2014); Vascular Plants of Ecuador (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum quitoense (naranjilla)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); USDA-ARS (2017); Ramos et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium (sticky nightshade)PresentNativePOWO (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentAdler et al. (2004); USDA-ARS (2014); Vascular Plants of Ecuador (2014); Caicedo et al. (2015); Castillo Carrillo et al. (2019); Caicedo et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFlora Mesoamericana (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpondias purpurea (red mombin)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus indicus (rat tail grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidalis (giant rat’s tail grass)PresenteMonocot (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); Giraldo-Cañas and Peterson (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus tenuissimus (tropical dropseed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)Present, Few occurrencesNativeWiggins and Porter (1971); Dodson and Gentry (1978); Lawesson et al. (1987); Renner et al. (1990); Davidse et al. (2012); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia apetala (Panama tree)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2017); NMNH (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStictocardia tiliifolia (spottedheart)PresentIntroducedSmithsonian Museum of Natural History (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine)PresentNativeCroat (1981); Govaerts (2012); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)Present, PlantedIntroducedMorton (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia rosea (pink poui)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarindus indica (tamarind)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedUlloa (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)PresentIntroducedJørgensen and León-Yánez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGuézou et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedJørgensen and León-Yànez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia erecta (bush clockvine)PresentIntroducedCharles Darwin Foundation (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentIntroducedJørgensen and León-Yànez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina herbacea (cane tibouchina)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Mexican sunflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachypogon spicatus (spiked crinkleawn)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCharles Darwin Foundation (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriplaris americana (ant tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTripsacum dactyloides (eastern gamagrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentNativeJørgensen and León-Yánez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurbina corymbosa (Christmas vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)Present, WidespreadCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeJørgensen and León-Yánez (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2007); Missouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa humidicola (koronivia grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVachellia macracantha (porknut)PresentILDIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentUSDA-ARS (2012); IABIN (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); Missouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear)PresentNativeGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZinnia peruviana (Peruvian zinnia)PresentNative and IntroducedCharles Darwin Foundation (2016); USDA-ARS (2016); Vascular Plants of Ecuador (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaProtistaParamyxeaMarteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia exitiosaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia ostreaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus olseniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Desquesnes (2004); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusArterivirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusavian metapneumovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentCABI (Undated)
VirusBanana streak diseasePresentNativeInvasiveDiekmann and Putter (1996)
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1969); Dubin et al. (1984); Ayala et al. (1997); EPPO (2014)
Virusbluetongue virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine leukemia virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusclassical swine fever virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusepizootic haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine influenzavirusPresentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2020)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Virusfowlpox virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusHaliotid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfectious myonecrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfectious salmon anemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)PresentSivaprasad et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusMacrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusMaize chlorotic mottle virusPresentQuito-Avila et al. (2016)
VirusMaize lethal necrosis diseasePresentQuito-Avila et al. (2016)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNewcastle disease virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
VirusNipah virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); CABI (Undated)
VirusPepino mosaic virusPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); Soler et al. (2005); EPPO (2022)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrabies virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusred sea bream iridovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (sugarcane mosaic)PresentISSCT (1989); Bernreiter et al. (2017)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsentOIE (2019); Lighter et al. (1995); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusTomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (tomato spotted wilt)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); Soler et al. (2005); Yeturu et al. (2016); Sivaprasad et al. (2017); Sivaprasad et al. (2018); CABI (Undated)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWest Nile virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWhite spot syndrome virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)

List of Species CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

Top of page

The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
abalone viral ganglioneuritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
acarapisosis of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
acute hepatopancreatic necrosis diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
American foul broodAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
anthraxPresentOIE (2019); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); OIE (1997); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
atrophic rhinitis of swineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian chlamydiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian encephalomyelitisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avian infectious bronchitisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
avian leukosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avipoxPresentCABI (Undated)
babesiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
blacklegPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetonguePresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
bonamiosis (Bonamia exitiosa)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bonamiosis (Bonamia ostreae)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Borrelia anserina infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine anaplasmosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine babesiosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infectionPresentSaa et al. (2012)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
caseous lymphadenitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
ChytridiomycosisPresentSantiago and Merino (2000); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
classical swine feverPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
coccidiosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious agalactiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
crayfish plagueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
dourineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck virus hepatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EchinococcusPresentOIE (2009)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epitheliocystisPresentVenizelos and Beneti (1996)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic ulcerative syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine coital exanthemaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine infectious anaemiaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine influenzaPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
equine piroplasmosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine viral arteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
European foul broodPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsentOIE (2019); Kitching (1998); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
fowl choleraAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowl typhoidPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
fowlpoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
glandersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaPresentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infection with Marteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infection with Perkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infection with Perkinsus olseniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Infection with salmonid alphavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
infectious coryzaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious laryngotracheitisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
infectious myonecrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious salmon anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
koi herpesvirus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
leishmaniosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
leptospirosisPresentOIE (2009)
listeriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
malignant catarrhal feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Marek's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
myxomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
necrotizing hepatopancreatitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Newcastle diseasePresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
paratuberculosisPresentWhittington et al. (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Philornis downsi infestationPresentBulgarella et al. (2015)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
pullorum diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rabiesPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Ranavirus infection in amphibiansAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
sheep and goat poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
small hive beetle infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
spring viraemia of carpAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
surraAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Desquesnes (2004); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
swine dysenteryAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Taura syndromeAbsentOIE (2019); Lighter et al. (1995); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
theileriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
TrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
trypanosomosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tuberculosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
vesicular stomatitisPresentOIE (2009); Nichol (1988)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
white spot diseasePresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
white tail diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Xenohaliotis californiensis infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
yellow head diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

Top of page
Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
Agave fibres nesArea harvested3,215 Im3,196 Im3,177 Im3,157 Im3,185 Im
Production quantity4,528 Im4,455 Im4,382 Im4,310 Im4,287 Im
Yield14,084 Fc13,939 Fc13,793 Fc13,652 Fc13,460 Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corianderArea harvested30 Im30 Im29 Im29 Im27 Im
Production quantity12 Im12 Im12 Im12 Im11 Im
Yield4,000 Fc4,000 Fc4,138 Fc4,138 Fc4,074 Fc
ApplesArea harvested869 Im946 Im1,045 Im1,156 Im1,294 Im
Production quantity4,658 Im5,050 Im5,553 Im6,121 Im6,726 Im
Yield53,602 Fc53,383 Fc53,139 Fc52,950 Fc51,978 Fc
ApricotsArea harvested68 Im69 Im70 Im70 Im72 Im
Production quantity358 Im357 Im356 Im355 Im356 Im
Yield52,647 Fc51,739 Fc50,857 Fc50,714 Fc49,444 Fc
AsparagusArea harvested502 Im495 Im488 Im481 Im480 Im
Production quantity1,474 Im1,450 Im1,425 Im1,400 Im1,416 Im
Yield29,363 Fc29,293 Fc29,201 Fc29,106 Fc29,500 Fc
AvocadosArea harvested4,4154,3094,6533,6154,092 Im
Production quantity26,40818,23220,99516,11822,597 Im
Yield59,814 Fc42,311 Fc45,121 Fc44,586 Fc55,222 Fc
BananasArea harvested183,347161,583158,057180,337185,489
Production quantity6,583,4776,505,6356,282,1056,529,6767,194,431
Yield359,072 Fc402,619 Fc397,458 Fc362,082 Fc387,863 Fc
BarleyArea harvested9,1989,47911,20917,32010,300
Production quantity13,45013,67413,51325,4148,927
Yield14,623 Fc14,426 Fc12,055 Fc14,673 Fc8,667 Fc
Beans, dryArea harvested24,00617,68330,13018,76726,121
Production quantity14,74311,09519,38310,67212,878
Yield6,141 Fc6,274 Fc6,433 Fc5,687 Fc4,930 Fc
Beans, greenArea harvested7,0189,39217,48418,37221,916
Production quantity12,74821,61020,40026,54923,227
Yield18,165 Fc23,009 Fc11,668 Fc14,451 Fc10,598 Fc
Berries nesArea harvested3,010 Im3,018 Im3,047 Im3,108 Im3,348 Im
Production quantity5,369 Im5,395 Im5,459 Im5,578 Im6,065 Im
Yield17,837 Fc17,876 Fc17,916 Fc17,947 Fc18,115 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea harvested2,4252,5435,5502,1503,979
Production quantity1,6611,6903,4481,2852,190
Yield6,849 Fc6,646 Fc6,213 Fc5,977 Fc5,504 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested2,059 Im2,005 Im1,951 Im1,902 Im1,976 Im
Production quantity11,007 Im10,895 Im10,838 Im10,891 Im11,843 Im
Yield53,458 Fc54,339 Fc55,551 Fc57,261 Fc59,934 Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea harvested6,887 Im6,753 Im6,619 Im6,487 Im6,447 Im
Production quantity43,288 Im42,541 Im41,794 Im41,046 Im40,467 Im
Yield62,855 Fc62,996 Fc63,142 Fc63,274 Fc62,769 Fc
CassavaArea harvested13,60112,75617,07518,04517,904
Production quantity69,86376,892102,52690,72675,200
Yield51,366 Fc60,279 Fc60,045 Fc50,278 Fc42,002 Fc
Castor oil seedArea harvested1,744 Im2,000 *2,000 *2,000 *2,000 *
Production quantity2,700 Im3,124 Im3,059 Im3,000 *3,000 *
Yield15,482 Fc15,620 Fc15,295 Fc15,000 Fc15,000 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea harvested18,691 Im17,777 Im16,863 Im15,971 Im15,245 Im
Production quantity144,032 Im137,041 Im130,051 Im123,216 Im118,026 Im
Yield77,060 Fc77,089 Fc77,122 Fc77,150 Fc77,419 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested605,149 A688,386 A743,470 A706,101 A824,687 A
Production quantity2,617,838 A2,710,629 A2,538,310 A2,676,512 A3,565,065 A
Yield43,259 Fc39,377 Fc34,141 Fc37,906 Fc43,229 Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea harvested2,232 Im2,240 Im2,300 F2,250 F2,300 F
Production quantity8,101 Im8,278 Im8,700 F8,600 F8,700 F
Yield36,295 Fc36,955 Fc37,826 Fc38,222 Fc37,826 Fc
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvested39,247 A36,077 A36,711 A32,932 A41,674 A
Production quantity201,798 A176,002 A222,283 A153,548 A187,111 A
Yield51,417 Fc48,785 Fc60,549 Fc46,626 Fc44,899 Fc
Cocoa, beansArea harvested525,435501,950467,327454,257432,094
Production quantity283,680235,182205,955177,551180,192
Yield5,399 Fc4,685 Fc4,407 Fc3,909 Fc4,170 Fc
CoconutsArea harvested2,209 Im2,328 Im2,485 Im2,641 Im2,704 Im
Production quantity13,241 Im14,000 *15,000 *16,000 *16,000 *
Yield59,941 Fc60,137 Fc60,362 Fc60,583 Fc59,172 Fc
Coffee, greenArea harvested36,04731,92437,26029,87244,027
Production quantity8,1415,0657,5643,9055,297
Yield2,258 Fc1,587 Fc2,030 Fc1,307 Fc1,203 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea harvested615 Im600 Im586 Im571 Im562 Im
Production quantity5,186 Im5,054 Im4,923 Im4,791 Im4,762 Im
Yield84,325 Fc84,233 Fc84,010 Fc83,905 Fc84,733 Fc
Fibre Crops PrimaryArea harvested35,163 A34,590 A34,017 A33,270 A33,496 A
Production quantity44,207 A43,409 A42,612 A41,816 A41,721 A
Yield12,572 Fc12,550 Fc12,527 Fc12,569 Fc12,456 Fc
FigsArea harvested31 Im30 Im30 Im29 Im31 Im
Production quantity39 Im38 Im37 Im36 Im38 Im
Yield12,581 Fc12,667 Fc12,333 Fc12,414 Fc12,258 Fc
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested427,567 A374,577 A367,931 A381,681 A400,122 A
Production quantity8,158,287 A8,040,090 A7,986,966 A7,971,677 A8,860,219 A
Yield190,807 Fc214,645 Fc217,078 Fc208,857 Fc221,438 Fc
Fruit, citrus nesArea harvested9,108 Im8,733 Im8,399 Im8,104 Im7,595 Im
Production quantity17,522 Im17,864 Im18,207 Im18,549 Im18,529 Im
Yield19,238 Fc20,456 Fc21,678 Fc22,889 Fc24,396 Fc
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvested20,238 Im20,129 Im20,018 Im20,845 Im20,655 Im
Production quantity233,923 Im231,313 Im228,703 Im236,754 Im237,959 Im
Yield115,586 Fc114,915 Fc114,249 Fc113,578 Fc115,206 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea harvested4,3406,4579,3548,675 Im7,765 Im
Production quantity28,72936,01754,67747,535 Im42,284 Im
Yield66,196 Fc55,780 Fc58,453 Fc54,795 Fc54,455 Fc
GarlicArea harvested846 Im835 Im824 Im812 Im807 Im
Production quantity1,349 Im1,327 Im1,304 Im1,281 Im1,237 Im
Yield15,946 Fc15,892 Fc15,825 Fc15,776 Fc15,328 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area harvested418 Im417 Im416 Im415 Im427 Im
Production quantity4,732 Im4,706 Im4,679 Im4,653 Im4,729 Im
Yield113,206 Fc112,854 Fc112,476 Fc112,120 Fc110,749 Fc
GrapesArea harvested78 Im78 Im78 Im78 Im78 Im
Production quantity522 Im516 Im510 Im504 Im520 Im
Yield66,923 Fc66,154 Fc65,385 Fc64,615 Fc66,667 Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea harvested19,583 Im19,348 Im19,097 Im18,852 Im19,083 Im
Production quantity24,823 Im24,147 Im23,461 Im22,791 Im23,010 Im
Yield12,676 Fc12,480 Fc12,285 Fc12,089 Fc12,058 Fc
Lemons and limesArea harvested4,7214,6195,4874,6734,617 Im
Production quantity19,67224,14430,70228,88120,705 Im
Yield41,669 Fc52,271 Fc55,954 Fc61,804 Fc44,845 Fc
LentilsArea harvested3,456 Im3,456 Im3,456 Im3,456 Im3,503 Im
Production quantity3,046 Im2,976 Im2,907 Im2,837 Im2,821 Im
Yield8,814 Fc8,611 Fc8,411 Fc8,209 Fc8,053 Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea harvested2,449 Im2,397 Im2,345 Im2,293 Im2,364 Im
Production quantity18,238 Im17,831 Im17,424 Im17,017 Im17,030 Im
Yield74,471 Fc74,389 Fc74,303 Fc74,213 Fc72,039 Fc
LinseedArea harvested189 Im183 Im178 Im172 Im173 Im
Production quantity62 Im61 Im60 Im58 Im59 Im
Yield3,280 Fc3,333 Fc3,371 Fc3,372 Fc3,410 Fc
LupinsArea harvested3,590 Im3,603 Im3,616 Im3,629 Im3,635 Im
Production quantity1,358 Im1,359 Im1,360 Im1,360 Im1,380 Im
Yield3,783 Fc3,772 Fc3,761 Fc3,748 Fc3,796 Fc
MaizeArea harvested322,846365,334358,822306,095419,427
Production quantity1,479,7701,324,1471,436,1061,091,1081,873,525
Yield45,835 Fc36,245 Fc40,023 Fc35,646 Fc44,669 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea harvested15,98120,49214,98716,9448,439
Production quantity105,58590,71870,16082,24660,133
Yield66,069 Fc44,270 Fc46,814 Fc48,540 Fc71,256 Fc
Manila fibre (abaca)Area harvested29,422 Im28,875 Im28,328 Im27,782 Im27,503 Im
Production quantity39,679 Im38,954 Im38,230 Im37,506 Im37,434 Im
Yield13,486 Fc13,491 Fc13,495 Fc13,500 Fc13,611 Fc
Melons, other (inc.cantaloupes)Area harvested1,629 Im1,643 Im1,657 Im1,671 Im1,660 Im
Production quantity17,199 Im17,338 Im17,478 Im17,618 Im17,603 Im
Yield105,580 Fc105,526 Fc105,480 Fc105,434 Fc106,042 Fc
OatsArea harvested1,177 Im1,187 Im1,197 Im1,207 Im1,193 Im
Production quantity875 Im881 Im887 Im893 Im890 Im
Yield7,434 Fc7,422 Fc7,410 Fc7,399 Fc7,460 Fc
Oil palm fruitArea harvested200,908223,962260,292263,839290,343
Production quantity2,275,9482,785,7563,275,9933,124,0694,175,659
Yield113,283 Fc124,385 Fc125,858 Fc118,408 Fc143,818 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested254,304 A273,603 A314,718 A316,252 A339,745 A
Production quantity2,359,802 A2,856,110 A3,356,101 A3,211,038 A4,254,418 A
Yield92,795 Fc104,389 Fc106,638 Fc101,534 Fc125,224 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested252,560 A271,603 A312,718 A314,252 A337,745 A
Production quantity113,918 A118,561 A141,183 A141,565 A167,490 A
Yield4,511 Fc4,365 Fc4,515 Fc4,505 Fc4,959 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested254,304 A273,603 A314,718 A316,252 A339,745 A
Production quantity513,048 A621,527 A729,812 A697,862 A925,187 A
Yield20,175 Fc22,716 Fc23,189 Fc22,067 Fc27,232 Fc
Onions, shallots, greenArea harvested11,456 Im11,462 Im11,469 Im11,473 Im11,492 Im
Production quantity96,430 Im95,837 Im95,243 Im94,649 Im95,748 Im
Yield84,174 Fc83,613 Fc83,044 Fc82,497 Fc83,317 Fc
OrangesArea harvested18,44415,78115,91013,27022,282
Production quantity133,688103,121142,54675,333116,809
Yield72,483 Fc65,345 Fc89,595 Fc56,769 Fc52,423 Fc
PapayasArea harvested3,862 Im3,821 Im3,781 Im3,911 Im3,866 Im
Production quantity49,981 Im49,669 Im49,356 Im51,065 Im50,221 Im
Yield129,417 Fc129,990 Fc130,537 Fc130,568 Fc129,904 Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea harvested1,443 Im1,455 Im1,466 Im1,477 Im1,502 Im
Production quantity4,646 Im4,760 Im4,874 Im4,988 Im5,064 Im
Yield32,197 Fc32,715 Fc33,247 Fc33,771 Fc33,715 Fc
PearsArea harvested2,322 Im2,304 Im2,287 Im2,272 Im2,258 Im
Production quantity6,093 Im6,352 Im6,611 Im6,870 Im7,047 Im
Yield26,240 Fc27,569 Fc28,907 Fc30,238 Fc31,209 Fc
Peas, dryArea harvested7371,5121,7312,3451,528
Production quantity4165927021,036580
Yield5,645 Fc3,915 Fc4,055 Fc4,418 Fc3,796 Fc
Peas, greenArea harvested3,6794,9304,5085,6026,310
Production quantity11,30113,9865,8179,5417,885
Yield30,718 Fc28,369 Fc12,904 Fc17,031 Fc12,496 Fc
Pepper (piper spp.)Area harvested1,061 Im1,103 Im1,145 Im1,186 Im1,233 Im
Production quantity2,131 Im2,219 Im2,306 Im2,393 Im2,478 Im
Yield20,085 Fc20,118 Fc20,140 Fc20,177 Fc20,097 Fc
PineapplesArea harvested4,0474,8654,6563,2055,951
Production quantity46,348149,548165,307116,044263,521
Yield114,524 Fc307,396 Fc355,041 Fc362,072 Fc442,818 Fc
Plantains and othersArea harvested135,813100,60399,46394,911105,817
Production quantity749,450651,968763,820610,413675,538
Yield55,182 Fc64,806 Fc76,794 Fc64,314 Fc63,840 Fc
Plums and sloesArea harvested1,197 Im1,206 Im1,217 Im1,227 Im1,193 Im
Production quantity8,678 Im8,659 Im8,640 Im8,621 Im8,734 Im
Yield72,498 Fc71,799 Fc70,994 Fc70,261 Fc73,210 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested19,67522,09929,53229,63529,703
Production quantity275,346269,201377,243422,589397,521
Yield139,947 Fc121,816 Fc127,740 Fc142,598 Fc133,832 Fc
Pulses nesArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Pulses, TotalArea harvested34,214 A28,797 A44,483 A30,347 A38,766 A
Production quantity21,224 A17,712 A27,800 A17,190 A19,849 A
Yield6,203 Fc6,151 Fc6,250 Fc5,664 Fc5,120 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea harvested1,243 Im1,209 Im1,176 Im1,145 Im1,071 Im
Production quantity4,306 Im4,314 Im4,322 Im4,330 Im4,190 Im
Yield34,642 Fc35,682 Fc36,752 Fc37,817 Fc39,122 Fc
Pyrethrum, driedArea harvested286 Im283 Im281 Im278 Im275 Im
Production quantity147 Im145 Im144 Im142 Im141 Im
Yield5,140 Fc5,124 Fc5,125 Fc5,108 Fc5,127 Fc
QuinoaArea harvested2,5592,0488822,2147,148
Production quantity4,5052,1461,2863,90312,707
Yield17,605 Fc10,479 Fc14,580 Fc17,629 Fc17,777 Fc
Rice, paddyArea harvested257,273298,298358,100366,194375,117
Production quantity1,099,6861,350,0931,066,6141,534,5371,652,793
Yield42,744 Fc45,260 Fc29,785 Fc41,905 Fc44,061 Fc
Rice, paddy (rice milled equivalent)Production quantity733,491 Fc900,512 Fc711,432 Fc1,023,536 Fc1,102,413 Fc
Roots and tubers nesArea harvested11,600 Im11,284 Im10,957 Im10,618 Im10,293 Im
Production quantity32,310 Im31,036 Im29,762 Im28,488 Im27,016 Im
Yield27,853 Fc27,504 Fc27,163 Fc26,830 Fc26,247 Fc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested47,116 A48,311 A59,672 A60,338 A60,063 A
Production quantity381,441 A381,001 A513,356 A545,570 A503,668 A
Yield80,958 Fc78,864 Fc86,030 Fc90,419 Fc83,857 Fc
Rubber, naturalArea harvested14,507 Im14,178 Im13,846 Im13,513 Im12,884 Im
Production quantity21,720 Im21,168 Im20,616 Im20,064 Im19,672 Im
Yield14,972 Fc14,930 Fc14,889 Fc14,848 Fc15,269 Fc
RyeArea harvested116 Im118 Im120 Im121 Im119 Im
Production quantity76 Im77 Im78 Im79 Im79 Im
Yield6,552 Fc6,525 Fc6,500 Fc6,529 Fc6,639 Fc
Seed cottonArea harvested2,526 Im2,519 Im2,512 Im2,331 Im2,808 Im
Production quantity3,305 Im3,305 Im3,305 Im3,110 Im3,762 Im
Yield13,084 Fc13,120 Fc13,157 Fc13,342 Fc13,397 Fc
Sesame seedArea harvested18 Im19 Im20 Im21 Im22 Im
Production quantity14 Im15 Im16 Im17 Im18 Im
Yield7,778 Fc7,895 Fc8,000 Fc8,095 Fc8,182 Fc
SorghumArea harvested8,895 Im8,773 Im8,650 Im8,527 Im8,518 Im
Production quantity14,403 Im14,213 Im14,023 Im13,832 Im14,091 Im
Yield16,192 Fc16,201 Fc16,212 Fc16,221 Fc16,543 Fc
SoybeansArea harvested27,02023,13428,02126,28022,493
Production quantity39,51525,50435,00641,78832,697
Yield14,624 Fc11,024 Fc12,493 Fc15,901 Fc14,537 Fc
Spices nesArea harvested956 Im933 Im911 Im889 Im915 Im
Production quantity802 Im794 Im785 Im777 Im780 Im
Yield8,389 Fc8,510 Fc8,617 Fc8,740 Fc8,525 Fc
StrawberriesArea harvested51 Im57 Im64 Im74 Im89 Im
Production quantity787 Im860 Im954 Im1,076 Im1,252 Im
Yield154,314 Fc150,877 Fc149,063 Fc145,405 Fc140,674 Fc
Sugar beetArea harvested754 Im744 Im734 Im725 Im749 Im
Production quantity4,680 Im4,612 Im4,542 Im4,474 Im4,529 Im
Yield62,069 Fc61,989 Fc61,880 Fc61,710 Fc60,467 Fc
Sugar caneArea harvested121,81298,856110,603104,661102,616
Production quantity9,257,7007,502,2519,030,0748,661,60910,106,105
Yield759,999 Fc758,907 Fc816,440 Fc827,587 Fc984,847 Fc
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvested122,566 A99,600 A111,337 A105,386 A103,365 A
Production quantity9,262,380 A7,506,863 A9,034,616 A8,666,083 A10,110,634 A
Yield755,705 Fc753,701 Fc811,466 Fc822,318 Fc978,149 Fc
Sunflower seedArea harvested107 Im110 Im113 Im116 Im119 Im
Production quantity194 Im198 Im201 Im205 Im213 Im
Yield18,131 Fc18,000 Fc17,788 Fc17,672 Fc17,899 Fc
Sweet potatoesArea harvested2,240 Im2,172 Im2,108 Im2,040 Im2,163 Im
Production quantity3,922 Im3,872 Im3,825 Im3,767 Im3,931 Im
Yield17,509 Fc17,827 Fc18,145 Fc18,466 Fc18,174 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clementines, satsumasArea harvested6,556 Im6,527 Im6,499 Im6,470 Im6,753 Im
Production quantity26,184 Im26,167 Im26,149 Im26,132 Im26,339 Im
Yield39,939 Fc40,090 Fc40,235 Fc40,389 Fc39,003 Fc
TeaArea harvested562 Im575 Im590 Im608 Im645 Im
Production quantity1,219 Im1,241 Im1,267 Im1,299 Im1,355 Im
Yield21,690 Fc21,583 Fc21,475 Fc21,365 Fc21,008 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvested3,6503,9273,3574,6754,531 Im
Production quantity4,6036,3044,1246,8307,071 Im
Yield12,611 Fc16,053 Fc12,285 Fc14,610 Fc15,606 Fc
TomatoesArea harvested1,4011,5471,9541,7682,346
Production quantity31,59131,89162,67555,55068,355
Yield225,489 Fc206,147 Fc320,752 Fc314,197 Fc291,368 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested70,979 A70,563 A78,569 A79,929 A85,333 A
Production quantity433,578 A428,652 A435,523 A440,830 A442,739 A
Yield61,085 Fc60,747 Fc55,432 Fc55,153 Fc51,884 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested4,872 Im4,631 Im4,398 Im4,172 Im3,999 Im
Production quantity21,105 Im21,512 Im21,918 Im22,324 Im23,535 Im
Yield43,319 Fc46,452 Fc49,836 Fc53,509 Fc58,852 Fc
Vegetables, leguminous nesArea harvested7,0294,2905,6046,6308,018
Production quantity23,42215,0858,68919,64516,318
Yield33,322 Fc35,163 Fc15,505 Fc29,630 Fc20,352 Fc
WatermelonsArea harvested5,579 Im5,435 Im5,290 Im5,144 Im4,849 Im
Production quantity84,239 Im81,663 Im79,088 Im76,511 Im73,019 Im
Yield150,993 Fc150,254 Fc149,505 Fc148,738 Fc150,586 Fc
WheatArea harvested3,0853,1494,4904,4232,865
Production quantity5,0735,3985,8036,7462,053
Yield16,444 Fc17,142 Fc12,924 Fc15,252 Fc7,166 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
* = Unofficial figure
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
F = FAO estimate
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

Top of page
Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea5,448 Q5,590 Q5,516 Q5,789 Q5,475 Q
AgricultureArea5,448 Fc5,590 Fc5,516 Fc5,789 Fc5,475 Fc
Agriculture area actually irrigatedArea820 Q841 Q898 Q907 Q911 Q
Agriculture area certified organicArea35 I35 I34 I40 I40 I
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area42 I42 I40 I46 I46 I
Arable landArea968 Q1,033 Q976 Q1,068 Q970 Q
Country areaArea25,637 Q25,637 Q25,637 Q25,637 Fm25,637 Q
CroplandArea2,354 Q2,464 Q2,415 Q2,551 Q2,387 Q
Cropland area actually irrigatedArea820 Q841 Q898 Q907 Q911 Q
Forest landArea12,626 Q12,691 Q12,755 Q12,819 Q12,861 Fm
Inland watersArea801 Fm801 Fm801 Fm801 Fm801 Fm
Land areaArea24,836 Q24,836 Q24,836 Q24,836 Fm24,836 Q
Land area actually irrigatedArea820 Fm841 Fm898 Fm907 Fm911 Fm
Land area equipped for irrigationArea1,710 Fm1,710 Fm1,710 I1,675 Fm1,640 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea3,094 Q3,126 Q3,101 Q3,238 Q3,087 Q
Land under permanent cropsArea1,386 Q1,430 Q1,439 Q1,483 Q1,417 Q
Land under temporary cropsArea799 Q904 Q850 Q951 Q876 Q
Land with temporary fallowArea168 Q129 Q126 Q117 Q94 Q
Naturally regenerating forestArea12,509 Fm12,570 Q12,631 Fm12,692 Fm12,743 Fm
Other landArea6,762 Fc6,555 Fc6,565 Fc6,228 Fc6,500 Fc
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea2,379 Q2,448 Q2,301 Q2,531 Q2,259 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. growingArea715 Q678 Q800 Q707 Q828 Q
Planted ForestArea117 Q121 Q124 Q127 Q118 Fm
Primary ForestArea12,467 Fm12,467 Fm12,467 Q12,544 Fm
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc.
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.