Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Dominican Republic

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Datasheet

Dominican Republic

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Dominican Republic
  • General data
  • Region: Caribbean
  • Area (km2): 490,000
  • Climates: Tropical
  • Capital: Santo Domingo
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 9,725,569
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$3,560
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$34,610,843,648
  • GDP: US$36,685,565,952
  • Agriculture, value added: US$4,406,020,096

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
Hypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug) Present Introduced YesGerman-Ramirez et al., 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma palmae (lethal yellowing of coconut) Present Howard and, 1983; CABI/EPPO and, 1998a; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening) Restricted distribution IPPC, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening) Restricted distribution IPPC, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops) Present CABI and EPPO, 1999.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease) Absent, unreliable record CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight) Present EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Present IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CPPC; CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present CMI, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight) Restricted distribution Schieber, 1969; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot) Present Introduced Bandyopadhyay et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant) Present Ciferri, 1961; CABI/EPPO , 2008.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAustropuccinia psidii (myrtle rust) Present Kern et al., 1933; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot) Widespread Native NoCMI, 1980; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora perniciosa (witches' broom disease of cacao) Present CMI, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2015; Briggs et al., 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrius cingulatus (pink-spotted hawkmoth) Present Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly) Present EPPO, 2014; Mound and Halsey, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus cocois (coconut whitefly) Present NHM.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly) Present NHM, unda; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly) Present Native NoStone, 1942; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha suspensa (Caribbean fruit fly) Widespread Native Stone, 1942; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil) Widespread O'Brien and Wibmer, 1982; Degrande, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale) Present CIE, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale) Present Native CIE 1978; Schotman, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp) Present Native Van Stappen, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Present CIE, 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Restricted distribution CABI/CIE, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly) Restricted distribution de Barro, 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCactoblastis cactorum (cactus moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid) Present Introduced YesSchotman, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Eradicated IAEA, 2017; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present CIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present CIE, 1969; Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Present OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite) Widespread Introduced YesSnyder, 1956.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Introduced YesPorter, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug) Present CIE, 1972; Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug) Present García et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid) Present CIE, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Present Introduced Nakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present CIE, 1961.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid) Present CPPC; IIE, 1988; FAO, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer) Present Caraphin 14, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia) Present CIE, 1957.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps grandicollis (five-spined bark beetle) Present Wood, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Present CABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLissorhoptrus oryzophilus (rice water weevil) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp) Present Introduced NoRosenberry , 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug) Absent, unreliable record Introduced YesMeyerdirk and DeChi, 2005; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn) Present Introduced New, 2000b.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979; Smith and Cermeli, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug) Present Ben-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail) Present Introduced NoGuerrero et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug) Present Pollard, 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes minei Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present IIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant) Present Introduced YesKempf, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug) Present Introduced YesWilliams and Willink, 1992; Granara et al., 2007; Hodges et al., 2008; Kondo et al., 2008; Perez-Gelabert, 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Widespread CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish) Present Introduced Huner and Barr , 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil) Present Esser and Meredith, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present CIE, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil) Present O' Brien & Wibmer, 1982; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth) Widespread Champ and Dyte, 1977.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant) Present Native ISSG, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm) Present EPPO, 2018; CABI/EPPO, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Present EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant) Present Introduced Wetterer, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Present Aubert et al., 1992; Anon., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale) Present CIE, 1962; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite) Present OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis cristatellus (Puerto Rican crested anole) Present Introduced Williams, 1977; Fitch et al., 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis porcatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose) Present, few occurrences Native NoKeith et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret) Present Introduced NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis lupus familiaris (dogs) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichla ocellaris (peacock cichlid) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Present Introduced NoWelcomme, 1988; FAO, 1996; Lever, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus coqui (Caribbean tree frog) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes auropunctatus (small Indian mongoose) Present Introduced YesHoagland et al., 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Chakalall , 1993; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana) Introduced YesPasachnik et al., 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass) Present, few occurrences Introduced Lever, 1996; Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird) Present Avibase, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia) Present Introduced Lever, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; Welcomme, 1988; Chakalall, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant) Localised Introduced Lever, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPloceus cucullatus (village weaver bird) Present Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish) Present Introduced YesGuerrero and Luis, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia) Present Native Benetti et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog) Present Introduced Kraus, 2009; Santos-Barrera et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Introduced IUCN, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrichopodus trichopterus (three spot gourami) Present Introduced Lever, 1996; Froese and Pauly, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn) Widespread Introduced YesVargas et al., 1991; Perera and Walls, 1996; Cowie and Hayes, 2012; Horgan et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania) Widespread Introduced YesGomez et al., 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilopsis sallei (Caribbean false mussel) Native Marelli and Gray, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster) Present Native NoLeal, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail) Present Introduced YesRosario and Moquete, 2006; Hayes et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea insularum (island applesnail) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaVeronicella cubensis (Cuban slug) Present Introduced Baker, 1925; Maceira-Filgueira, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Restricted distribution Kermarrec and Belliard, 1977; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present Sher, 1966; Siddiqi, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Widespread Roman and Grullon, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRhadinaphelenchus cocophilus (red ring nematode) Absent, unreliable record CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaScutellonema bradys (yam nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum appendiculatum (palm fern) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern) Widespread Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia) Present GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minima Present GBIF, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformis Present Native Taylor, 1960; Betancourt and Herrera-Moreno, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoUPRRP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache) Present Native ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; Smithsonian Institution, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree) Present Introduced YesILDIS, 2002; IABIN, 2003a; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed) Present Introduced Torres and Liogier, 1970.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris) Present Introduced YesIABIN, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree) Present Introduced YesKrisnawati et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger) Present only in captivity/cultivation Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1991; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth) Present Native Smithsonian Institution, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2016; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera baselloides (Madeira vine) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgyreia nervosa (elephant creeper) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; New York Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia ringens (Dutchman’s pipe) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit) Present Introduced Kairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007; Kairo et al., 2003; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi) Present Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifolius Present Native GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree) Present Introduced YesWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBalanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood) Present Introduced Booth and Wickens, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria lupulina (hophead Philippine violet) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBatis maritima (saltwort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume) Widespread Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia tomentosa (yellow bauhinia) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy) Present Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013; Sherman et al., 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling) Present Native Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBontia daphnoides (white alling) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa saccharoides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromelia pinguin (wild pineapple) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia candida (angel's trumpet) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia fragrans (basketplant) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoAcevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repens (creeping inch-plant) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom) Present Introduced YesWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper) Present FAO, 2009; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; Aguilar-Meléndez et al., 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum baccatum (pepper) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower) Present Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; ILDIS, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower) Widespread Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree) Present GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002; IABIN, 2003a.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia)) Present Introduced WAC, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCecropia peltata (trumpet tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present Native GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum diurnum (day jessamine) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass) Present Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed) Present Native Gautier, 1992b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysophyllum oliviforme Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon) Present Introduced NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium mexicanum (Mexican thistle) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum bungei (rose glorybower) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum speciosissimum (Java glory bower) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum wallichii (Wallich's glorybower) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClusia rosea Present Native NoFrancis, 1993; Riffle, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCopaifera officinalis (copaiba balsam) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCostus spicatus (spiked spiralflag ginger) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia) Present Introduced YesMir, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia madagascariensis (Madagascar rubbervine) Present Introduced Smithsonian Institution, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea hyssopifolia (false heather) Present Introduced GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass) Localised Introduced eMonocot, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon plectostachyus (African stargrass) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Present Introduced YesIABIN, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Holm et al., 1979; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom) Present Introduced YesMir, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissoo Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass) Present Introduced New York Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe) Present Native NYBG, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea cayenensis (Guinea yam) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDombeya wallichii (pink ball) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (Pigeonberry) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Introduced YesRandall, 2012; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta) Present Kranz et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009; World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Widespread YesKairo et al., 2003; Gopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive) Present Introduced YesMir, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm) Present FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower) Present Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEntada gigas Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed) Present Native GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane) Present Introduced Pruski, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina berteroana (coralbean) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; ILDIS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina poeppigiana (coral tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEtlingera elatior (torch ginger) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tithymaloides (devil's backbone) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Present Introduced eMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum) Present Introduced NoKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops) Present Introduced YesIABIN, 2003; Kairo et al., 2003; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp) Present Introduced Govaerts and Barker, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia ) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002; WAC, 2005; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar) Present Introduced YesMir, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHaematoxylum campechianum (logwood) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliconia bihai (macaw flower) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemigraphis alternata (red ivy) Present Introduced YesMir, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus elatus (blue mahoe) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne) Present Native NoFLAS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita subsp. scabra (Asian Indigo) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea imperati Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Widespread Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory) Present Austin, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1979; Kairo et al., 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda) Present Introduced Kairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine) Present Introduced Liogier, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Present Introduced NoKairo et al., 2003; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush) Widespread Native NoCsurhes, 1999; Padua et al., 1999; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut) Present Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe blossfeldiana (flaming katy) Present Introduced YesMinisterio Medio Ambiente, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1991; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Present Native Barreto et al., 1995; Kairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus odoratus (sweet pea) Present Introduced Mir, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLaunaea intybacea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass) Present Pyrah, 1969.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Native GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifolia Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced YesIABIN, 2003; Kairo et al., 2003; ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLivistona chinensis (Chinese fan palm) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera confusa Present NMNH, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) Widespread Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose) Present Native USDA-ARS, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peruviana (primrose willow) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa acutangula (angled luffa) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus angustifolius (narrow-leaf lupin) Present Introduced Mir, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus plattensis (Nebraska lupine) Present Introduced YesMir, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro) Present Introduced YesMir, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMartynia annua (tiger's claw) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick) Present Introduced Mir, 2012; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelicoccus bijugatus (Spanish lime) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover) Present Introduced YesMir, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop) Widespread Introduced YesGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose) Present Native Liogier, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine) Present Native Liogier, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint) Widespread Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa ceratonia (climbing mimosa) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa) Present Introduced Leavold et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; New York Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree) Present Introduced NMNH, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry) Present Native Liogier, 1982; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNopalea cochenillifera (cochineal cactus) Present Introduced Howard, 1961; New York Botanical Garden, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea ampla (dot-leaf water-lily) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema callistachyum (purple firespike) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema cuspidatum (Cardinal’s guard) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass) Present Introduced NoHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde) Present ILDIS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed) Widespread Native NoCiferri, 1956; Dale, 1981; Holm et al., 1991; Evans, 1997b; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium) Localised Native Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum densum (dense crowngrass) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Native Chase, 1929; Häfliger and Scholz, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower) Present Native NoKillip, 1938; Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper) Present Native Hartemink, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper auritum Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Introduced Liogier, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2015; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed) Present Wagner and Lorence, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite) Present Burkart, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Introduced WCSP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002; USDA-ARS, 2012; FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterolepis glomerata (false meadowbeauty) Present Native Roskov et al., 2015; Almeda, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma macarthurii (Macarthur palm) Present Introduced Govaerts et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu) Present Introduced NoLiogier, 1985; ILDIS, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaQuamoclit hederifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReutealis trisperma (Philippine tung) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Present Introduced Ulloa et al., 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant) Present Introduced New York Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia occidentalis (West Indian sage) Present Native Smithsonian Institution, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia parvibracteata (sanchezia) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria hyacinthoides (African bowstring hemp) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch) Present Introduced Smithsonian Museum of Natural History, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; New York Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003; ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna) Present Introduced Irwin and Barneby, 1982; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sericea (silky sesban) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida) Present Native NoHolm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida linifolia (flaxleaf fanpetals) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez, 1996; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum quitoense (naranjilla) Present Introduced YesMir, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle) Present Introduced YesMir, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Restricted distribution Introduced Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom) Present Introduced Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpiraea chamaedryfolia (germander meadowsweet) Present Introduced YesMinisterio de Medio Ambiente, 2012; Roskov et al., 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Acevedo-Rodriguez et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus tenuissimus (tropical dropseed) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed) Present Introduced Liogier and Martorell, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed) Present, few occurrences Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain) Present Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass) Present Native Sauer, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella) Present Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum) Present Introduced NoKairo et al., 2003; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple) Present Introduced YesWadsworth, 1943.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia heterophylla (pink trumpet tree) Present Kairo et al., 2003; USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia rosea (pink poui) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia) Present Introduced NoKairo et al., 2003; ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond) Present Introduced YesMir, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda quadrivalvis (grader grass) Present Introduced YesMir, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew) Present Introduced NoAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine) Present Holm et al., 1979; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrimezia steyermarkii (yellow walking iris) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriphasia trifolia (limeberry) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriplaris americana (ant tree) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurbina corymbosa (Christmas vine) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2018; Liogier, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena sinuata (bur mallow) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVachellia macracantha (porknut) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena) Localised Introduced New York Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard) Present Introduced Feenstra and Clements, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet) Present Introduced NoGBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber zerumbet (shampoo ginger) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2005; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZinnia peruviana (Peruvian zinnia) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube) Present Introduced Morton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass) Present Introduced eMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictum Present Native NoBeadell et al., 2006.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbluetongue virus Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine arteritis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusmyxoma virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPapaya ringspot virus Present Ciferri, 1930; Story and Halliwell, 1969.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato) Present Ling et al., 2014; EPPO, 2018.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSquash leaf curl virus (leaf curl of squash) Present CABI/EPPO and, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca) Present ISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl) Widespread Nakhla et al., 1994; EPPO, 2014.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
actinomycosis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish No information available OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
American foulbrood of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
anthrax Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
atrophic rhinitis of swine Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aujeszky's disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian adenoviruses infections Widespread Joseph, 1990.
avian chlamydiosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
avian influenza Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian leukosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Present OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) No information available OIE, 2009.
avian tuberculosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avipox Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
babesiosis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
blackleg Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue Present OIE, 2009; Thompson et al., 1992; OIE, 1999.
Borrelia anserina infections Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
botulism OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine anaplasmosis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Present OIE, 2009.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Present OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) No information available OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
classical swine fever Present OIE, 2009.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestation Present OIE, 2009.
contagious agalactia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Denman island disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dourine Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic abortion of ewes Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 1999.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic lymphangitis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine coital exanthema Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine infectious anaemia Present OIE, 2009.
equine influenza Present OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Present OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Present OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
European foulbrood Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtles Present Williams et al., 1994.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
fowl cholera Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Reported present or known to be present Tripathy DN et al., 2000; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections OIE Handistatus, 2005.
glanders Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
haemorrhagic septicaemia Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
horse pox Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious bursal disease Present OIE, 2009.
infectious coryza No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious laryngotracheitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis No information available OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis Present OIE, 2009.
listeriosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
malignant catarrhal fever Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Marek's disease Present OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
myxomatosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Newcastle disease Present OIE, 2009.
Nipah virus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
paratuberculosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
peste des petits ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Plasmodium relictum infection Present Native NoBeadell et al., 2006.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Present OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rabies Present OIE, 2009.
Rift Valley fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
scrapie Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
small hive beetle infestation No information available OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
strangles Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
surra Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine vesicular disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
theileriosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
toxoplasmosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Trichinella Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
tuberculosis Last reported Kantor INde, 1988; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
tularaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis No information available OIE, 2009.
varroosis of honey bees Present OIE, 2009.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
visna/maedi Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
white spot disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
yellow head disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Avocados Area Harvested 10648.6 10557.9 7183.38 5832 6967
Avocados Production Quantity 295081 288684 184357 188139 183468
Avocados Yield 277108 Fc 273429 Fc 256644 Fc 322598 Fc 263339 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 43387.8 26660 18062.9 18409 19504
Bananas Production Quantity 829827 735045 589589 446531 518291
Bananas Yield 191258 Fc 275711 Fc 326409 Fc 242561 Fc 265736 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 38498 36585.3 33745 29582 33690
Beans, dry Production Quantity 34385 32994.6 30603 21257 28528
Beans, dry Seed 1539.92 Fc 1539.92 Fc 1463.41 Fc 1349.8 Fc 1183.28 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 8931.63 Fc 9018.54 Fc 9068.9 Fc 7185.79 Fc 8467.79 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 10000 F 10400 F 9190 F 8099 Im 8500 F
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 13000 F 13100 F 12580 F 9200 Im 11250 F
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 13000 Fc 12596.2 Fc 13688.8 Fc 11359.4 Fc 13235.3 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 562.33 650 F 500 F 450 F 376 Im
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 31642 42912.6 34098.3 33000 F 30000 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 562695 Fc 660194 Fc 681966 Fc 733333 Fc 797872 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 2579.94 1300 F 1100 F 1100 F 704
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 44834 24732.9 20574.1 20391 19863
Carrots and turnips Yield 173779 Fc 190253 Fc 187037 Fc 185373 Fc 282145 Fc
Cashew nuts, with shell Area Harvested 7462 Im 7411 Im 7400 F 6900 F 5900 F
Cashew nuts, with shell Production Quantity 663 F 663 Im 1091 Im 1200 F 1025 F
Cashew nuts, with shell Yield 888.5 Fc 894.62 Fc 1474.32 Fc 1739.13 Fc 1737.29 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 23485 24808.9 21467 14057 16978
Cassava Production Quantity 184793 211105 165688 106291 128340
Cassava Yield 78685.5 Fc 85092.4 Fc 77182.6 Fc 75614.3 Fc 75591.9 Fc
Castor oil seed Area Harvested
Castor oil seed Production Quantity
Castor oil seed Yield
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 198098 A 209186 A 206348 A 179965 A 178542 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 405286 A 416473 A 403592 A 547380 A 530475 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 22496.7 A 22496.7 A 23636.7 A 23207.4 A 21132.8 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 20458.8 Fc 19909.2 Fc 19558.8 Fc 30415.9 Fc 29711.5 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 198098 A 209186 A 206348 A 179965 A 178542 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 588817 A 605393 A 587197 A 806624 A 779887 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 22496.7 A 22496.7 A 23636.7 A 23207.4 A 21132.8 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 29723.5 Fc 28940.5 Fc 28456.6 Fc 44821.2 Fc 43680.9 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested 1.51 1.01 F F F
Chick peas Production Quantity 1.63 1.45 1.36 F F
Chick peas Yield 10794.7 Fc 14356.4 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 6154.09 7142.52 7495.28 7371 7916
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 36842 37182.3 37831.3 32894 29118
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 59865.9 Fc 52057.7 Fc 50473.5 Fc 44626.2 Fc 36783.7 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 21848.9 A 18879.8 A 18958.6 A 13356 A 11117 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 165366 A 165650 A 148922 A 125301 A 135503 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 75686.1 Fc 87739.5 Fc 78551.4 Fc 93816.3 Fc 121888 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 23360 A 22920.6 A 24336 A 18677 A 22867 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 37672 A 38064.1 A 35832 A 28113 A 30901 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 5022.92 A 5022.92 A 5010.19 A 5006.17 A 5003.98 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 16126.7 Fc 16607 Fc 14723.9 Fc 15052.2 Fc 13513.4 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 153219 153219 153219 157000 F 153219
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 54279 58334 54994 45518 43322
Cocoa beans Yield 3542.58 Fc 3807.23 Fc 3589.24 Fc 2899.24 Fc 2827.46 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 27575 27507 29686.4 34000 * 35000 *
Coconuts Production Quantity 150530 129666 82333 94545 94923
Coconuts Yield 54589.3 Fc 47139.3 Fc 27734.3 Fc 27807.3 Fc 27120.9 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 133342 133342 133342 131000 F 133342
Coffee, green Production Quantity 27296 21876 37950 47642 50297
Coffee, green Yield 2047.07 Fc 1640.59 Fc 2846.07 Fc 3636.79 Fc 3772.03 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity F F F F F
Cottonseed Production Quantity F F F F F
Cottonseed Seed
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 588.05 650 Im 750 F 557 706
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 7870 7107 7589.77 5782 5604
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 133832 Fc 109338 Fc 101197 Fc 103806 Fc 79376.8 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 3886.16 4822.64 5204.72 4005 3438
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 24281 23407.2 27237.5 23548 19065
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 62480.7 Fc 48536.1 Fc 52332.3 Fc 58796.5 Fc 55453.8 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1346 A 1244 A 1288 A 1331 A 1310 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 40.01 A 58.06 A 96.98 A 561 A 560 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 297.25 Fc 466.72 Fc 752.95 Fc 4214.88 Fc 4274.81 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 147430 A 122790 A 109244 A 104619 A 113754 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2990700 A 2818900 A 2312950 A 1552560 A 1948600 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 202855 Fc 229571 Fc 211722 Fc 148402 Fc 171300 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 10935 Im 9150 Im 7937 Im 8500 F 8500 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 43815 Im 35319 Im 28910 Im 35868 Im 38000 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 40068.6 Fc 38600 Fc 36424.3 Fc 42197.7 Fc 44705.9 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 2517 Im 2106 Im 1827 1627 1350 F
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 30639 Im 28941 Im 23747 20476 16819
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 121728 Fc 137422 Fc 129978 Fc 125851 Fc 124585 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 352 347.04 199 421 509
Garlic Production Quantity 3086 2000.54 1148 2588 3190
Garlic Yield 87670.4 Fc 57645.8 Fc 57688.4 Fc 61472.7 Fc 62671.9 Fc
Ginger Area Harvested 172.96 159 Im 160 F 114 120 F
Ginger Production Quantity 449 355.62 860.25 551 550 F
Ginger Yield 25959.8 Fc 22366 Fc 53765.6 Fc 48333.3 Fc 45833.3 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 939.12 1600 Im 2277 1569 2093
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 13689 18455.5 11431.1 11023 9370
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 145764 Fc 115347 Fc 50202.5 Fc 70254.9 Fc 44768.3 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 2867 2678.99 3072 1905 2591
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 4252 3830.08 3917 2454 3147
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 114.68 Fc 114.68 Fc 107.16 Fc 122.88 Fc 76.2 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 14830.8 Fc 14296.7 Fc 12750.7 Fc 12881.9 Fc 12145.9 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 12419.3 9000 F 8600 F 5000 F 3000 F
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 12327.2 9160.53 8694.14 6000 F 4500 F
Lemons and limes Yield 9925.84 Fc 10178.4 Fc 10109.5 Fc 12000 Fc 15000 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 741.13 790 Im 755 546 808
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 20953.1 20795.6 22708.1 1471 2184
Lettuce and chicory Yield 282718 Fc 263235 Fc 300770 Fc 26941.4 Fc 27029.7 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 21832 22241.5 23925 18412 22046
Maize Production Quantity 35431 36658 35037 27537 29429
Maize Seed 5000 F 5000 F 5000 F 5000 F 5000 F
Maize Yield 16228.9 Fc 16481.8 Fc 14644.5 Fc 14956 Fc 13348.9 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 1880.57 1782.52 2600 F 4500 F 6000 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 9015.02 7866.73 11642.3 19500 F 26500 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 47937.7 Fc 44132.6 Fc 44778.1 Fc 43333.3 Fc 44166.7 Fc
Natural rubber Area Harvested 41 Im 38 Im 39 Im 38 Im 35 Im
Natural rubber Production Quantity 282 Im 231 Im 221.22 15 Im 14 Im
Natural rubber Yield 68780.5 Fc 60789.5 Fc 56723.1 Fc 3947.37 Fc 4000 Fc
Oil palm fruit Area Harvested 13800 F 13800 F 13800 F 12300 F 10800 F
Oil palm fruit Production Quantity 212300 F 212300 F 212300 F 188800 F 165100 F
Oil palm fruit Yield 153841 Fc 153841 Fc 153841 Fc 153496 Fc 152870 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 44242 A 43986 A 46558.4 A 48205 A 48391 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 19378.2 A 17028.7 A 12755.1 A 12656.1 A 12429.7 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 43.58 A 43.58 A 40.72 A 46.69 A 28.96 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 4380.04 Fc 3871.39 Fc 2739.59 Fc 2625.48 Fc 2568.6 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 44242 A 43986 A 46558.4 A 48205 A 48391 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 69904.5 A 63605.6 A 54018.4 A 51707.1 A 48504.1 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 34.4 A 34.4 A 32.15 A 36.86 A 22.86 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 15800.5 Fc 14460.4 Fc 11602.3 Fc 10726.5 Fc 10023.4 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 4339 2666.48 2736.1 3118 3018
Onions, dry Production Quantity 76386 48386.4 47323.3 51164 47972
Onions, dry Yield 176045 Fc 181462 Fc 172959 Fc 164092 Fc 158953 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 8490.52 8279.75 8081.57 6787 6024
Oranges Production Quantity 139350 138034 128797 108278 121633
Oranges Yield 164124 Fc 166713 Fc 159371 Fc 159537 Fc 201914 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 633.59 850 Im 971 946 1072
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 25062 18304 18570.7 24248 32319
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 395555 Fc 215341 Fc 191253 Fc 256321 Fc 301483 Fc
Palm kernels Production Quantity 11000 * 10000 * 9000 * 8000 * 7000 *
Palm oil Production Quantity 44000 * 41000 * 38000 * 35000 * 32000 *
Papayas Area Harvested 2487.42 2931.13 1899.92 5215 6479
Papayas Production Quantity 891731 908462 681325 259047 430475
Papayas Yield 3584960 Fc 3099360 Fc 3586070 Fc 496734 Fc 664416 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 455 Im 443 Im 432 Im 381 Im 400 F
Peas, dry Production Quantity 420 Im 303 Im 366 Im 298 Im 365 F
Peas, dry Yield 9230.77 Fc 6839.73 Fc 8472.22 Fc 7821.52 Fc 9125 Fc
Pigeon peas Area Harvested 23217 23461.1 24782 21996 20445
Pigeon peas Production Quantity 24818 25070 26306 17983 19456
Pigeon peas Seed 928.68 Fc 928.68 Fc 938.44 Fc 991.28 Fc 879.84 Fc
Pigeon peas Yield 10689.6 Fc 10685.8 Fc 10615 Fc 8175.58 Fc 9516.26 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 9405.05 8793.33 8808 10117 7014
Pineapples Production Quantity 221736 157423 127184 105724 94915
Pineapples Yield 235763 Fc 179025 Fc 144396 Fc 104501 Fc 135322 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 44320.1 41929.1 41967.6 37063 46823
Plantains Production Quantity 503487 491509 517271 351976 504631
Plantains Yield 113602 Fc 117224 Fc 123255 Fc 94966.9 Fc 107774 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 2268 2207.23 1979 1620 1932
Potatoes Production Quantity 53567 51379 43480 34126 41794
Potatoes Seed 2268 Fc 2268 Fc 2207.23 Fc 1979 Fc 1620 Fc
Potatoes Yield 236186 Fc 232776 Fc 219707 Fc 210654 Fc 216325 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 72171.5 A 70890.4 A 68149 A 60058 A 63035 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 72624.6 A 71469.1 A 69856.4 A 48738 A 59599 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 2468.6 A 2468.6 A 2401.85 A 2341.08 A 2063.12 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 10062.8 Fc 10081.6 Fc 10250.5 Fc 8115.16 Fc 9454.91 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 8320.57 8573.46 9557.42 9263 7791
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 38294 40613 42067.6 40971 36534
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 46023.3 Fc 47370.6 Fc 44015.6 Fc 44230.8 Fc 46892.6 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 174738 186265 182012 161288 155675
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 551145 567329 551365 778511 748986
Rice, paddy Seed 17473.8 Fc 17473.8 Fc 18626.5 Fc 18201.2 Fc 16128.8 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 31541.2 Fc 30458.2 Fc 30292.8 Fc 48268.4 Fc 48112.2 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 40740 A 42198.9 A 37947 A 28323 A 32866 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 345971 A 374088 A 312848 A 231966 A 264919 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 2268 A 2268 A 2207.23 A 1979 A 1620 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 84921.7 Fc 88648.7 Fc 82443.4 Fc 81900.2 Fc 80605.8 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested
Seed cotton Production Quantity
Seed cotton Yield
Sesame seed Area Harvested
Sesame seed Production Quantity
Sesame seed Seed
Sesame seed Yield
Sisal Area Harvested 1346 Im 1244 Im 1288 Im 1331 Im 1310 Im
Sisal Production Quantity 40.01 58.06 96.98 561 Im 560 Im
Sisal Yield 297.25 Fc 466.72 Fc 752.95 Fc 4214.88 Fc 4274.81 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 1528 679.06 411 265 821
Sorghum Production Quantity 2241 1406.06 795 576 1472
Sorghum Seed 22.92 Fc 22.92 Fc 10.19 Fc 6.17 Fc 3.98 Fc
Sorghum Yield 14666.2 Fc 20706 Fc 19343.1 Fc 21735.8 Fc 17929.3 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 874 Im 998 Im 1063 Im 1575 Im 1650 F
Spices, nes Production Quantity 470 Im 557 Im 706 Im 950 Im 1080 F
Spices, nes Yield 5377.57 Fc 5581.16 Fc 6641.58 Fc 6031.75 Fc 6545.45 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 99613 79615 85484.2 84000 F 85488
Sugar cane Production Quantity 4644450 4577120 4716170 4741760 4832910
Sugar cane Yield 466249 Fc 574907 Fc 551701 Fc 564495 Fc 565332 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 5747 6628.49 6086 5034 4809
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 46497 53626.4 47147 38265 36402
Sweet potatoes Yield 80906.6 Fc 80902.9 Fc 77468 Fc 76013.1 Fc 75695.6 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 7398 12579 8043 7441 9643
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 10176 8066 11800 9054 12861
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 13755.1 Fc 6412.27 Fc 14671.1 Fc 12167.7 Fc 13337.1 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 3586 Im 3664 7918 6580 7065
Tomatoes Production Quantity 290187 240254 234498 243012 211578
Tomatoes Yield 809222 Fc 655715 Fc 296158 Fc 369319 Fc 299473 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 7462 A 7411 A 7400 A 6900 A 5900 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 663 A 663 A 1091 A 1200 A 1025 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 888.5 Fc 894.62 Fc 1474.32 Fc 1739.13 Fc 1737.29 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 1498 Im 1531 Im 1863 Im 1746 Im 1700 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 26024 Im 21954 Im 21431 Im 21254 Im 19000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 173725 Fc 143396 Fc 115035 Fc 121730 Fc 111765 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 33240.9 A 32987.1 A 39049.5 A 36103 A 35103 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 625461 A 527650 A 515078 A 500323 A 456427 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 188160 Fc 159956 Fc 131904 Fc 138582 Fc 130025 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 33240.9 A 32987.1 A 39049.5 A 36103 A 35103 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 625461 A 527650 A 515078 A 500323 A 456427 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 188160 Fc 159956 Fc 131904 Fc 138582 Fc 130025 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 4200 3995.28 3920 3682 4408
Yams Production Quantity 28196 27703.4 27505 28920 28578
Yams Yield 67133.3 Fc 69340.3 Fc 70165.8 Fc 78544.3 Fc 64832.1 Fc
Yautia (cocoyam) Area Harvested 5040 4558.99 4495 3930 4739
Yautia (cocoyam) Production Quantity 32918 30273.8 29028 24364 29805
Yautia (cocoyam) Yield 65313.5 Fc 66404.6 Fc 64578.4 Fc 61994.9 Fc 62893 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Avocados Area Harvested 7151 5084 6859 6578 3794
Avocados Production Quantity 216378 112706 218790 273606 147534
Avocados Yield 302584 Fc 221688 Fc 318982 Fc 415941 Fc 388861 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 19301 17589 14983 16234 15859
Bananas Production Quantity 500828 547433 468322 514951 502877
Bananas Yield 259483 Fc 311236 Fc 312569 Fc 317205 Fc 317093 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 34907 32523 30576 37044 44394
Beans, dry Production Quantity 28968 22699 22813 29028 29361
Beans, dry Seed 1347.6 Fc 1396.28 Fc 1300.92 Fc 1223.04 Fc 1481.76 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 8298.62 Fc 6979.37 Fc 7461.08 Fc 7836.09 Fc 6613.73 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 6805 Im 5596 Im 5839 Im 7264 Im 8705 Im
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 11066 Im 9222 Im 8229 Im 9080 Im 8371 Im
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 16261.6 Fc 16479.6 Fc 14093.2 Fc 12500 Fc 9616.31 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 358 Im 404 Im 366 Im 350 F 330 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 30000 F 45000 F 4514 Im 4700 F 4600 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 837989 Fc 1113860 Fc 123333 Fc 134286 Fc 139394 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 788 947 856 924 907
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 21190 23901 20256 22477 20813
Carrots and turnips Yield 268909 Fc 252386 Fc 236636 Fc 243258 Fc 229471 Fc
Cashew nuts, with shell Area Harvested 6040 Im 5957 Im 5876 Im 5800 F 5956 Im
Cashew nuts, with shell Production Quantity 1000 F 1000 F 1000 F 1000 F 950 F
Cashew nuts, with shell Yield 1655.63 Fc 1678.7 Fc 1701.84 Fc 1724.14 Fc 1595.03 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 17784 14764 12676 16908 17154
Cassava Production Quantity 128369 98267 90514 123614 120244
Cassava Yield 72182.3 Fc 66558.5 Fc 71405.8 Fc 73109.8 Fc 70096.8 Fc
Castor oil seed Area Harvested
Castor oil seed Production Quantity
Castor oil seed Yield
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 174845 A 180108 A 162322 A 164259 A 176390 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 507637 A 472129 A 427955 A 453641 A 522804 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 20579.8 A 20235.8 A 20358 A 18461.8 A 18163.2 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 29033.5 Fc 26213.7 Fc 26364.6 Fc 27617.5 Fc 29639.1 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 174845 A 180108 A 162322 A 164259 A 176390 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 745339 A 686894 A 619970 A 656215 A 766129 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 20579.8 A 20235.8 A 20358 A 18461.8 A 18163.2 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 42628.6 Fc 38137.9 Fc 38193.8 Fc 39950 Fc 43433.8 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested F F F F F
Chick peas Production Quantity F F F F F
Chick peas Yield
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 5985 5156 5352 5843 5194
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 28943 27907 29196 36307 28729
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 48359.2 Fc 54125.3 Fc 54551.6 Fc 62137.6 Fc 55311.9 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 12062 A 11992 A 11216 A 12912 A 10976 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 133046 A 119724 A 151087 A 170370 A 99016 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 110302 Fc 99836.6 Fc 134707 Fc 131947 Fc 90211.4 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 22532 A 26722 A 28134 A 32909 A 26016 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 31518 A 41954 A 43349 A 47886 A 35424 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 5012.32 A 5004.53 A 5019.41 A 5043.01 A 5028.17 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 13988.1 Fc 15700.2 Fc 15408 Fc 14551 Fc 13616.2 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 153219 153219 125787 125787 125787
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 47020 31361 47985 47356 45468
Cocoa beans Yield 3068.81 Fc 2046.81 Fc 3814.78 Fc 3764.78 Fc 3614.68 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 35000 * 35363 36915 38357 37194
Coconuts Production Quantity 92591 107528 181533 183704 171804
Coconuts Yield 26454.6 Fc 30406.9 Fc 49175.9 Fc 47893.2 Fc 46191.3 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 133342 133342 133342 133342 133342
Coffee, green Production Quantity 53688 40303 35421 36929 37330
Coffee, green Yield 4026.34 Fc 3022.53 Fc 2656.4 Fc 2769.49 Fc 2799.57 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity F F F F F
Cottonseed Production Quantity F F F F F
Cottonseed Seed
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 863 822 1739 1001 1011
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 7830 7498 8157 9940 9712
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 90730 Fc 91216.6 Fc 46906.3 Fc 99300.7 Fc 96063.3 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 3904 3445 3663 2758 2566
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 24175 19541 22244 18731 17436
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 61923.7 Fc 56722.8 Fc 60726.2 Fc 67915.2 Fc 67950.1 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1318 A 1135 A 1100 A 1350 A 1200 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 557 A 482 A 450 A 550 A 500 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 4226.1 Fc 4246.7 Fc 4090.91 Fc 4074.07 Fc 4166.67 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 115313 A 110109 A 105100 A 117143 A 111578 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1844570 A 1727310 A 1633140 A 1884640 A 1690180 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 159962 Fc 156873 Fc 155389 Fc 160884 Fc 151480 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 8500 F 8500 F 8160 F 8500 F 8000 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 38000 F 38000 F 37160 F 37500 F 37000 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 44705.9 Fc 44705.9 Fc 45539.2 Fc 44117.7 Fc 46250 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 1100 F 3317 2082 2849 1767
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 13808 43847 36106 43561 24550
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 125527 Fc 132189 Fc 173420 Fc 152899 Fc 138936 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 480 176 351 885 1055
Garlic Production Quantity 2989 1054 2038 4958 6972
Garlic Yield 62270.8 Fc 59886.4 Fc 58062.7 Fc 56022.6 Fc 66085.3 Fc
Ginger Area Harvested 160 F 190 F 190 F 220 F 220 F
Ginger Production Quantity 600 F 700 F 700 F 800 F 800 F
Ginger Yield 37500 Fc 36842.1 Fc 36842.1 Fc 36363.6 Fc 36363.6 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 2482 2560 F 2360 F 2160 F 1960 F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 13147 12800 F 11800 F 10800 F 9800 F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 52969.4 Fc 50000 Fc 50000 Fc 50000 Fc 50000 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 2205 2613 2128 2309 3351
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 2522 2951 2846 2496 3436
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 103.64 Fc 88.2 Fc 104.52 Fc 85.12 Fc 92.36 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 11437.6 Fc 11293.5 Fc 13374.1 Fc 10809.9 Fc 10253.7 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 2500 Im 2211 Im 2100 F 2000 F 2494
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 3000 P 3245 P 3000 F 2500 F 3134
Lemons and limes Yield 12000 Fc 14676.6 Fc 14285.7 Fc 12500 Fc 12566.2 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 919 717 885 920 782
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 2184 2068 2121 2799 2063
Lettuce and chicory Yield 23765 Fc 28842.4 Fc 23966.1 Fc 30423.9 Fc 26381.1 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 22230 25428 25267 31031 23355
Maize Production Quantity 30899 39247 37705 43928 30267
Maize Seed 5000 F 5000 F 5000 F 5000 F 5000 F
Maize Yield 13899.7 Fc 15434.6 Fc 14922.6 Fc 14156.2 Fc 12959.5 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 8500 F 10000 F 13000 F 14000 F 16000 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 36000 F 47000 F 75000 F 85000 F 106000 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 42352.9 Fc 47000 Fc 57692.3 Fc 60714.3 Fc 66250 Fc
Natural rubber Area Harvested 32 F 30 92 66 73 Im
Natural rubber Production Quantity 12.8 F 12 62 46 48 Im
Natural rubber Yield 4000 Fc 4000 Fc 6739.13 Fc 6969.7 Fc 6575.34 Fc
Oil palm fruit Area Harvested 10800 F 10800 F 10060 F 10100 F 10100 F
Oil palm fruit Production Quantity 165000 F 165000 F 154330 F 155000 F 155000 F
Oil palm fruit Yield 152778 Fc 152778 Fc 153410 Fc 153465 Fc 153465 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 48005 A 48776 A 49103 A 50766 A 50645 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 12005.6 A 13363.6 A 18724.1 A 18764.8 A 18170 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 39.38 A 33.52 A 39.72 A 32.35 A 35.1 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 2500.91 Fc 2739.79 Fc 3813.23 Fc 3696.33 Fc 3587.72 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 48005 A 48776 A 49103 A 50766 A 50645 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 47013.4 A 47083.9 A 54813.1 A 54390.3 A 51325.3 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 31.09 A 26.46 A 31.36 A 25.54 A 27.71 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 9793.44 Fc 9653.1 Fc 11162.9 Fc 10713.9 Fc 10134.3 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 2787 3705 2952 3098 3890
Onions, dry Production Quantity 42955 46257 37051 43491 42652
Onions, dry Yield 154126 Fc 124850 Fc 125512 Fc 140384 Fc 109645 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 7080 7221 6756 8752 6522
Oranges Production Quantity 116899 103679 136287 157070 86082
Oranges Yield 165112 Fc 143580 Fc 201727 Fc 179468 Fc 131987 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 1194 1551 2494 Im 2385 Im 2309 Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 30363 40000 F 52660 F 59027 Im 53000 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 254296 Fc 257898 Fc 211147 Fc 247493 Fc 229537 Fc
Palm kernels Production Quantity 7000 * 7000 * 6000 * 6000 * 6000 *
Palm oil Production Quantity 31000 * 29000 * 27600 * 27000 * 25200 *
Papayas Area Harvested 6500 F 7600 F 5400 F 7000 F 7600 F
Papayas Production Quantity 293135 340121 243153 316223 341572
Papayas Yield 450977 Fc 447528 Fc 450283 Fc 451747 Fc 449437 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 474 Im 390 F 290 F 280 F 260 F
Peas, dry Production Quantity 416 Im 318 Im 355 F 350 F 300 F
Peas, dry Yield 8776.37 Fc 8153.85 Fc 12241.4 Fc 12500 Fc 11538.5 Fc
Pigeon peas Area Harvested 26404 17895 22031 28404 28000 F
Pigeon peas Production Quantity 24243 17952 22588 27173 26551
Pigeon peas Seed 817.8 Fc 1056.16 Fc 715.8 Fc 881.24 Fc 1136.16 Fc
Pigeon peas Yield 9181.56 Fc 10031.9 Fc 10252.8 Fc 9566.61 Fc 9482.5 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 7710 6194 7217 6451 6531
Pineapples Production Quantity 70623 63669 92620 97240 108580
Pineapples Yield 91599.2 Fc 102791 Fc 128336 Fc 150736 Fc 166253 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 44489 39833 36183 42619 41051
Plantains Production Quantity 542756 414810 310898 346189 323049
Plantains Yield 121998 Fc 104137 Fc 85923.8 Fc 81228.8 Fc 78694.6 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 1906 2155 2049 2684 2920
Potatoes Production Quantity 42337 47575 36800 49285 48580
Potatoes Seed 1932 Fc 1906 Fc 2155 Fc 2049 Fc 2684 Fc
Potatoes Yield 222125 Fc 220766 Fc 179600 Fc 183625 Fc 166370 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 68590 A 56404 A 58736 A 72992 A 81359 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 64693 A 50191 A 53985 A 65631 A 64583 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 2165.4 A 2452.44 A 2016.72 A 2104.28 A 2617.92 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 9431.84 Fc 8898.48 Fc 9191.13 Fc 8991.53 Fc 7938.03 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 7886 8541 6663 7718 7209
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 36201 40551 32696 32931 31797
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 45905.4 Fc 47478.1 Fc 49071 Fc 42667.8 Fc 44107.4 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 152313 153386 134188 131350 150374
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 713821 644940 576621 608329 730705
Rice, paddy Seed 15567.5 Fc 15231.3 Fc 15338.6 Fc 13418.8 Fc 13135 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 46865.4 Fc 42046.9 Fc 42971.1 Fc 46313.6 Fc 48592.5 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 32181 A 30149 A 26866 A 35504 A 36202 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 250937 A 228686 A 240581 A 310830 A 282637 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 1932 A 1906 A 2155 A 2049 A 2684 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 77976.8 Fc 75851.9 Fc 89548.5 Fc 87547.9 Fc 78072.2 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested
Seed cotton Production Quantity
Seed cotton Yield
Sesame seed Area Harvested
Sesame seed Production Quantity
Sesame seed Seed
Sesame seed Yield
Sisal Area Harvested 1318 Im 1135 Im 1100 F 1350 F 1200 F
Sisal Production Quantity 557 Im 482 Im 450 F 550 F 500 F
Sisal Yield 4226.1 Fc 4246.7 Fc 4090.91 Fc 4074.07 Fc 4166.67 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 302 1294 2867 1878 2661
Sorghum Production Quantity 619 2707 5644 3958 5157
Sorghum Seed 12.32 Fc 4.53 Fc 19.41 Fc 43.01 Fc 28.17 Fc
Sorghum Yield 20496.7 Fc 20919.6 Fc 19686.1 Fc 21075.6 Fc 19379.9 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 2104 Im 2003 Im 1630 F 1643 Im 1650 F
Spices, nes Production Quantity 1579 Im 1451 Im 1060 F 1388 Im 1100 F
Spices, nes Yield 7504.75 Fc 7244.13 Fc 6503.07 Fc 8447.96 Fc 6666.67 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 83369 85109 97050 87932 132787
Sugar cane Production Quantity 4713120 4950870 5547150 5019220 5153500
Sugar cane Yield 565332 Fc 581709 Fc 571577 Fc 570807 Fc 388103 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 4097 6008 4304 5219 5344
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 28741 36361 27611 33894 32341
Sweet potatoes Yield 70151.3 Fc 60521 Fc 64151.9 Fc 64943.5 Fc 60518.3 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 6921 8004 9000 F 9000 F 10000 F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 9724 10053 11560 * 11500 * 12700 *
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 14050 Fc 12560 Fc 12844.4 Fc 12777.8 Fc 12700 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 7691 7474 7424 6032 5644
Tomatoes Production Quantity 254314 295248 285806 286078 251042
Tomatoes Yield 330664 Fc 395033 Fc 384976 Fc 474267 Fc 444794 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 6040 A 5957 A 5876 A 5800 A 5956 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1000 A 1000 A 1000 A 1000 A 950 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 1655.63 Fc 1678.7 Fc 1701.84 Fc 1724.14 Fc 1595.03 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 1600 F 1600 F 1580 F 1650 F 1600 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 17750 F 18000 F 17660 F 17500 F 17000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 110938 Fc 112500 Fc 111772 Fc 106061 Fc 106250 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 34455 A 34538 A 34325 A 33564 A 32497 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 498894 A 567025 A 514399 A 538939 A 485816 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 144796 Fc 164174 Fc 149861 Fc 160571 Fc 149496 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 34455 A 34538 A 34325 A 33564 A 32497 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 498894 A 567025 A 514399 A 538939 A 485816 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 144796 Fc 164174 Fc 149861 Fc 160571 Fc 149496 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 3916 2484 2532 3558 3273
Yams Production Quantity 25056 16020 16351 24664 22060
Yams Yield 63983.7 Fc 64492.8 Fc 64577.4 Fc 69319.8 Fc 67399.9 Fc
Yautia (cocoyam) Area Harvested 4478 4738 5305 7135 7511
Yautia (cocoyam) Production Quantity 26434 30463 69305 79373 59412
Yautia (cocoyam) Yield 59030.8 Fc 64295.1 Fc 130641 Fc 111245 Fc 79100 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 2447 Fm 2447 Fm 2447 Fm 2447 Fm 2467 Fm
Agricultural area certified organic Area 152 I 148.6 I 98.8 I 98.8 I
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 13 I 12.5 I 24.3 I 24.3 I
Agricultural area irrigated Area
Agricultural area organic, total Area 165 I 161.1 I 123.1 I 123.1 I
Arable land Area 800 Fm 800 Fm 800 Fm 800 Fm 820 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 1250 Fm 1250 Fm 1250 Fm 1250 Fm 1270 Fm
Country area Area 4867 W 4867 W 4867 W 4867 W 4867 W
Forest area Area 1972 Fm 1972 E 1972 Fm 1972 Fm 1972 Fm
Inland water Area 35 Fm 35 Fm 35 Fm 35 Fm 35 Fm
Land area Area 4832 Fm 4832 Fm 4832 Fm 4832 Fm 4832 Fm
Other land Area 413 Fm 413 Fm 413 Fm 413 Fm 393 Fm
Permanent crops Area 450 Fm 450 Fm 450 Fm 450 Fm 450 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 1197 Fm 1197 Fm 1197 Fm 1197 Fm 1197 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 307 Fm 307 Fm 306.5 I 300 Fm 300 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 2467 Fm 2467 Fm 2467 Fm 2467 Fm 2515 Fm
Agricultural area certified organic Area
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area
Agricultural area irrigated Area 223.05 W 189.3 W 199.22 W
Agricultural area organic, total Area 85.2 I 72.4 I
Arable land Area 820 Fm 820 Fm 820 Fm 820 Fm 868 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 1270 Fm 1270 Fm 1270 Fm 1270 Fm 1318 Q
Country area Area 4867 W 4867 W 4867 W 4867 W 4867 W
Forest area Area 1972 Fm 1972 E 1972 Fm 1972 Fm 1972 Fm
Inland water Area 35 Fm 35 Fm 35 Fm 35 Fm 35 Fm
Land area Area 4832 Fm 4832 Fm 4832 Fm 4832 Fm 4832 Fm
Other land Area 393 Fm 393 Fm 393 Fm 393 Fm 345 Fm
Permanent crops Area 450 Fm 450 Fm 450 Fm 450 Fm 450 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 1197 Fm 1197 Fm 1197 Fm 1197 Fm 1197 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 295 Fm 290 Fm 290 Fm 275 F 275 F
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files