Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Germany

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Datasheet

Germany

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 83,132,799 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 48,580 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 4,038,526.16 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 3,861,123.56 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 0.72 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
yellow head virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Present, LocalizedBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter sepedonicus (potato ring rot)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens (bacterial wilt of dry beans)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2010); Sammer and Reiher (2012);
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)Present, WidespreadSchneider et al. (1993); Schneider et al. (1997); Ipach et al. (2010); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma)Present, LocalizedMaixner et al. (1995); Quaglino et al. (2013); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma ulmi (elm yellows)Present, LocalizedSeemüller (1992); EPPO (2013); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine flavescence doree phytoplasma (flavescence dorée of grapevine)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine yellows phytoplasmasPresent, WidespreadMaixner et al. (1994); CABI (Undated);
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation)Present, WidespreadLorenz et al. (1995); Jarausch et al. (2003); Seemüller and Schneider (2004); Jarausch et al. (2007); Mayer et al. (2009); Danet et al. (2011); Jarausch et al. (2011); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll)Present, LocalizedSeemüller and Schneider (2004); Jarausch et al. (2007); Jarausch et al. (2008); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)Present, LocalizedLorenz et al. (1995); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginaleAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)Absent, Formerly presentBradbury (1986); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); Munyaneza et al. (2015)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaDickeya solani (black leg disease of potato)PresentInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2015); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveFiebinger (1986); Zeller (1987); Brandt and Harzer (1994); Vanneste et al. (2002); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolyticaPresentEwers et al. (2004)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaAbsentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPectobacterium parmentieri (black leg disease of potato)Present, LocalizedCABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive)Present, WidespreadNCPPB (1961); Bradbury (1986); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentBradbury (1986)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (bacterial canker of kiwifruit)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. aesculi (chestnut bleeding canker)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); Schmidt et al. (2008); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella AbortusequiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella enteritidisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, LocalizedNaumann and Karl (1985); Bradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)Present, LocalizedMoltmann and Zimmermann (2005); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo)PresentAcs et al. (2005)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciPresentIntroducedInvasiveOidtmann et al. (1999); Tzukerzis (1964); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces invadansAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronospora belbahrii (basil downy mildew)PresentInvasiveThines et al. (2009); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora alni species complex (alder Phytophthora)Present, WidespreadInvasiveHartmann (1995); Brasier et al. (1999); Jung and Blaschke (2004); CABI and EPPO (2008); Downing et al. (2010); Aguayo et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora austrocedriAbsent, Formerly presentEPPO (2022); Werres et al. (2014)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentJung et al. (1996); Osswald et al. (2001); EPPO (2009); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)Present, LocalizedIntroducedUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982); Daggett et al. (1993)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (Sudden Oak Death (SOD))Present, Few occurrencesWerres and Marwitz (1997); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)Present, Few occurrencesSpring et al. (1994); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaVerruca stroemiaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentNeergaard (1945); Richardson (1990); David (2000)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose)Present, WidespreadPhillips and Burdekin (1992); CABI (Undated); Sutton (undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBipolaris victoriae (Victoria blight of oats)PresentHerb IMI (1976)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentSachs (1995); CABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBotryotinia porri (Botrytis rot of garlic)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBrand (2005); Henricot et al. (2008); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)Present, LocalizedPeper (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCrumenulopsis sororiaPresentSmith et al. (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)Present, Few occurrencesPeters et al. (2012); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast)PresentNativeMinter (1994)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiaporthe eres (apple leaf, branch and fruit fungus)PresentLanger (2017); Weiler and Kennel (1986); Gomes et al. (2013); Dhanushka Udayanga et al. (2014); Lombard et al. (2014); Gierl and Fischer (2017)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymascella thujina (cedar leaf blight)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBurmeister (1966)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRichardson (1990); Punithalingam (1993); UK, CAB International (1993); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiplodia seriata (grapevine trunk disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (2005); Beer et al. (2015); Fischer et al. (2016); Gierl and Fischer (2017)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiscula destructiva (anthracnose of dogwood)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedStinzing and Lang (2003); CABI and EPPO (2004); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaEntoleuca mammataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe plataniPresentKirschner (2011); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe russelliiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe syringae-japonicaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe vanbruntianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGlomerella acutataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHymenoscyphus fraxineus (ash dieback)Present, WidespreadInvasiveSchumacher et al. (2007); Schumacher et al. (2009); Queloz et al. (2011); Schumacher (2011); CABI/EPPO (2013); Baral and Bemmann (2014); Schoebel et al. (2014); Gross and Sieber (2016); Langer (2017); Seebens et al. (2017); Erfmeier et al. (2019); Volke et al. (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaKabatiella zeae (eyespot)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedSchneider and Kruger (1972); Winter and Menzi (1991); UK, CAB International (1993)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLachnellula willkommii (European larch canker)PresentEPPO (2022); Schmid-Heckel (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); Leibinger et al. (1997); CABI and EPPO (2000)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)Present, Few occurrencesPehl (1995); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2010); Heydeck et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGibbs (1978)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentBraun (1995)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudogymnoascus destructans (white-nose syndrome fungus)PresentWibbelt et al. (2010); Puechmaille et al. (2011); Wibbelt et al. (2013)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUrbasch (1993); Urbasch (1994); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentKluge (1963); Punithalingham and Waterston (1970); Butin (1984)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresentNativeJahn (1979); Boidin and Lanquetin (1984); Schmidt (1985)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust)PresentNativeBraun (1999); Crane (2001); CABI/EPPO (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)Present, Few occurrencesBraun (1982); UK, CAB International (1983); Müller (1989); EPPO (2022); Herb IMI (undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumPresent, WidespreadNativeSchulze (1999)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)Present, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1980); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion parviporumPresent, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMelampsoridium hiratsukanum (alder rust)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia buxiPresentBraun (1982); BPI (US National Fungus Collections) (2009); Baur et al. (2019)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)PresentGassner and Straib (1936); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia komaroviiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2022); UK, CAB International (1991)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)PresentOhst et al. (2011); Mutschmann et al. (2000); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm)PresentBakken and Wilson (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAllolobophora parvaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaBoccardiella ligericaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaDendrobaena hortensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaDendrobaena venetaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaEisenia japonicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaEisenia parvaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWolff (2005); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHelodrilus tenuisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides elegansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedGates (1982)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentIntroducedInvasiveGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaMarenzelleria neglecta (red gilled mud worm)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveEssink and Kleef (1988); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaMarenzelleria viridisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaMarenzelleria wireniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaNeodexiospira brasiliensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPileolaria berkeleyanaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPiscicola harantiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPotamothrix bavaricusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaTharyx killariensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentEPPO (2022); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcartia tonsaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth)Present, WidespreadEichler (1950); Bremer (1962); Gaedike (1970); Minks et al. (1994); Richter and Hommes (2003); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcronicta acerisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrotona pseudoteneraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops fuchsiae (Fuchsia gall mite)Present, Transient under eradicationIntroducedInvasiveEPPO (2008); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcutaspis perseaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid)Present, WidespreadNativeSteffan (1972); Eichhorn (1969); Hollingsworth and Hain (1992); CABI/EPPO (2012); Toenshoff et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdistemia watsoniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleuroclava chittendeniPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAlphitophagus bifasciatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)Present, WidespreadInvasiveBarnes and Barnes (1962); Nehring and Leuchs (1999); Gollasch and Nehring (2006); Nehring (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnisodactylus binotatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn)Absent, EradicatedCABI and EPPO (2008); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthocoris butleriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthrenocerus australisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentSchönfeld (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis oenotheraePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraephagaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis melliferaPresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAppendiseta robiniaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAproceros leucopoda (elm zigzag sawfly)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveKraus et al. (2011); Blank et al. (2014); CABI and EPPO (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApterygothrips pinicolusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAraschnia levanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArgiope bruennichiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArgyresthia bonnetellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArgyresthia trifasciataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArmadillidium nasatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArocatus longicepsPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAromia bungii (red necked longicorn)Present, Transient under eradicationInvasiveBurmeister (2012); Burmeister et al. (2012); CABI and EPPO (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAsperogronops inaequalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidapion validumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Danzig and Pellizzari (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAsterolecanium epidendriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtomaria lewisiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAttagenus diversepubescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAttagenus trifasciatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtyaephyra desmarestiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAurantothrips orchidaceusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAustrominius modestusPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHartog (1953); Kühl (1954); Hartog (1959); Kühl (1963); Anger (1978); Franke and Gutow (2004); Reichert and Buchholz (2006); Reise et al. (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBaeocrara japonicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBalanus amphitrite (striped barnacle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Present, LocalizedCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)Absent, Intercepted onlyCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentNauen et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBisnius parcusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlaberus atroposPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedEngelbrecht and Buske (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBohemiellina flavipennisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeRasmont et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBostrychoplites cornutusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrachymyrmex heeriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrachynotus sexdentatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrachyponera chinensis (Asian needle ant)PresentIntroducedGuénard et al. (2018); Nelder et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrachypterolus vestitusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchus signaticornisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBythotrephes longimanus (spiny waterflea)Present, WidespreadNativeKetelaars and Gille (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCabera leptographaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (1997); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaenoscelis subdeplanataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedJensen (2010); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallopistria maillardiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Schöller and Heinig (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaloptilia syringellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveFreise (2001); Kindl et al. (2002); CABI and EPPO (2003); Augustin et al. (2009); Augustin et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017); Mösch et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaprella muticaPresentIntroducedCook et al. (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab)Present, WidespreadNativeRoman and Palumbi (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCardiophorus tayloriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpelimus zealandicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus ligneusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus neposPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus quadrisignatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCephalcia erythrogasterPresentListon (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBogs and Braasch (1986); CABI and EPPO (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Present, Transient under eradicationEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercopagis pengoi (fishhook waterflea)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveICES (2005); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercyon laminatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerobasis annulataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerodontha unisetiorbitaPresentČerný and Roháček (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil)Present, WidespreadLaborius (1972); Colonnelli (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChaetanophothrips orchidiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChaetogammarus ischnusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChelicorophium curvispinum (Caspian mud shrimp)PresentIntroducedWundsch (1912); Schellenberg (1942); Nesemann et al. (1995); Haas et al. (2002); Riel et al. (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChelicorophium robustumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChelicorophium sowinskyiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChionaspis pinifoliae (pine leaf scale)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChoneiulus palmatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)Present, Few occurrencesKarsholt and Razowski (1996); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysolina coerulansPresentFauna Europaea (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Danzig and Pellizzari (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentSchönfeld (2015); Danzig and Pellizzari (1998); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCicurina japonicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara costataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cuneomaculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWatson et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaClonopsis gallicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentNativeLecompte et al. (2016); Freier et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaColeophora deauratella (red clover casebearer)PresentPitkin et al. (2018); Mori et al. (2016); Fauna Europaea (2018); Lepiforum (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaColobopyga kewensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaContarinia quinquenotata (Hemerocallis gall midge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorophium robustumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorophium sextonaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorticaria ferrugineaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorticaria fulvaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorticaria pubescensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorticaria serrataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Nikusch (1992); CABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrenidorsum aroidephagusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptamorpha desjardinsiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptococcus fagisuga (beech coccus)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1979); Kosztarab and Kozár (1988); Petercord (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptophilus obliteratusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptopleurum subtilePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)Absent, Formerly presentBecker and Kny (1977); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina eucalypti (blue gum psyllid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBurckhardt (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCurculio elephas (chestnut weevil)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveKrüger (2008); Albert et al. (2009); CABI/EPPO (2012); Rose et al. (2013); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacne pictaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDactynotus erigeronensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDaphnia ambiguaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDaphnia parvulaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDasineura oxycoccana (blueberry gall midge)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); EPPO (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDelta unguiculatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle)Present, Few occurrencesWood and Bright (1992); Furniss (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet)PresentHäussler (1989); Majunke (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDermestes olivieriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm)Present, Transient under eradicationCABI/EPPO (2012); Dicke et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Present, WidespreadKosztarab and Kozár (1988); Schönfeld (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDichrooscytus gustaviPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDicranopalpus ramosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDictyna civicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDicyphus escaleraePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDienerella filumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDienerella ruficollisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDikerogammarus bispinosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDikerogammarus haemobaphes (demon shrimp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDikerogammarus villosus (killer shrimp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNesemann et al. (1995); Tittizer et al. (2000); Haas et al. (2002); Bernauer and Jansen (2006); Mayer et al. (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus bifoveolatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Wu et al. (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiprion similis (white pine sawfly)Present, WidespreadNativeSturm (1942); Blank et al. (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)PresentThieme et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDolopteryx domesticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDorcadothrips billeniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDorypteryx pallidaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDreyfusia nordmannianae (silver fir adelges)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Nierhaus-Wunderwald and Forster (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2016); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocoetes himalayensisPresent, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid)PresentIntroducedBillen (1993); Jackel et al. (1994); Greib (1996); Karsholt and Razowski (1996); CABI and EPPO (2008); Schmalstieg and Kummer (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEchinogammarus berilloniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEchinogammarus trichiatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEchinothrips americanusPresent, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEctopsocus titschakiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEdwardsiana ishidaiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid)Present, WidespreadNativevon Scheller (1963); Kloft et al. (1964); Heie (1992); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEnarmonia formosana (bark tortrix)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated); Jenner et al. (2004); Jenner et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEndria nebulosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpauloecus unicolorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEperigone eschatologicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEperigone trilobataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEphestia kuehniella (Mediterranean flour moth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Prozell and Schöller (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpichoristodes acerbella (South African carnation tortrix)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpuraea ocularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab)PresentIntroducedInvasiveISSG (2004); NHM (2004); Gollasch (2006); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1975); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid)PresentNativeNHM (1960); Murphy and Völkl (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEupithecia carpophagataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuplexia luciparaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEupoecilia ambiguella (grapevine moth)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Vogt et al. (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEupteryx melissaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEupteryx salviaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEurranthis plummistariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEurytoma orchidearumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEvarcha jucundaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFaxonius limosus (Spiny-cheek crayfish)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHoldich DM et al. (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentNativeHuth et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGalleria mellonella (greater waxmoth)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGammarus tigrinusPresentIntroducedInvasiveSchmitz (1960); Bulnheim (1976); Bulnheim (1980); Bulnheim (1985); Rudolph (1994); Zettler (1995); Zettler (2001); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGibbium psylloidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly)Present, WidespreadNativeHartig (1837); Thalenhorst (1960); Blank et al. (1998); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGliricola porcellusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlischrochilus quadripuctalatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGnathocerus cornutusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGnathocerus maxillosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGnathotrichus materiariusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGymnaspis aechmeaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer)Present, WidespreadNativeBassus et al. (1975); Razowski (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGyropus ovalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)Present, LocalizedHeckmann (2012); CABI and EPPO (2013); Seebens et al. (2017); Zimmermann et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmolita orchidearumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBrown et al. (2008); CABI and EPPO (2007); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHasarius adansoniPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Present, Few occurrencesUK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1961); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentIntroducedDanzig and Pellizari (1998); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentSchönfeld (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemigrapsus sanguineus (Asian shore crab)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Dauvin et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemigrapsus takanoi (brush-clawed shore crab)PresentIntroducedInvasiveObert et al. (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemimysis anomalaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Schleuter and Schleuter (1998); Rehage and Terlutter (2002); Wittmann (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHenoticus californicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropterus morpheus (large chequered skipper)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHolocnemus plucheiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHoloparamecus caularumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHomarus americanus (American lobster)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil)PresentNiemeyer (1975); Geiser and Waldert (1979); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992); Braasch (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypoponera ergatandriaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypoponera punctatissimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentSchönfeld (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdiopterus nephrelepidisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIllinoia azaleaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaImpatientinum asiaticumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Ben-Dov et al. (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps cembrae (large larch bark beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeSchwerdtfeger (1970); BAWBILT (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIziphya flabellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaJapananus hyalinusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaKatamysis warpachowskyiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius neglectus (invasive garden ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius turcicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1962); Kurth (1987); Kurth (1988); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera laburnellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth)PresentNativeMey (1988); Mey (1988); Baufeld and Freier (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucothrips nigripennisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeCox (2001); Haye and Kenis (2004); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnomysis benedeniPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWittmann (1995); Geissen (1997); Reinhold and Tittizer (1998); Wittmann et al. (1999); Tittizer et al. (2000); Wittmann (2003); Bernauer and Jansen (2006); Fritz et al. (2006); Gergs et al. (2008); Audzijonyte et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria lignorum (gribble)PresentInvasiveJones et al. (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDonisthorpe (1927); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinyphia triangularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLipaphis fritzmuelleriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis brunneaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis corrodensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis decolorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis pearmaniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerinaPresentMartinez (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Present, Few occurrencesLeuprecht (1992); CABI and EPPO (2002); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)Absent, Formerly presentCABI and EPPO (1997); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLithocharis nigricepsPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (European grapevine moth)Present, WidespreadSchruft (1975); Hoppmann and Holst (1990); Louis and Schirra (1992); Feldhege et al. (1993); Feldhege et al. (1994); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLopholeucaspis cockerelliPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLuperomorpha xanthoderaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLyctus cavicollisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); Keena et al. (2008); Wu et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)PresentNativeInvasiveAdlung (1964); Wellenstein (1973); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacaria liturataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrolophus melanotomaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacropsis cyanescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegaselia gregariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegastigmus spermotrophus (Douglas-fir seed chalcid)Present, WidespreadIntroducedTubeuf (1930); Lessmann (1974); Lessmann (1974); UK, CAB International (1977); Sellenschlo (1984); Schneider (1985); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)Present, WidespreadLucht (1987); CABI and EPPO (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMelita nitidaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMessor barbarus structorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonarthropalpus flavus (boxwood leafminer)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus alternatus (Japanese pine sawyer)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus saltuarius (Japanese pine sawyer)Present, LocalizedBense (1995); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn)PresentNativeInvasiveAlthoff and Danilevsky (1997); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonocorophium uenoiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium floricolaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMordellistena cattleyanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyrmechixenus vaporariorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyrmecocephalus concinnusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyrsidea quadrifasciataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna languidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMytilicola intestinalis (mussel red worm)PresentLauckner (1983); Dethlefsen (1975); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMytilicola orientalis (oyster redworm)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzocallis walshiiPresentCABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Gruppe (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1979); Weber (1985); Blackman et al. (1995); Devine et al. (1996); Fenton et al. (1998); Martínez-Torres et al. (1999); Kephalogianni et al. (2002); Fenton et al. (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNausibius clavicornisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeandra marginicollisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNearctaphis bakeriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)Present, WidespreadNativeEscherich (1942); Niklas and Franz (1957)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeptis rivularisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNesticella mogera (cave-dwelling spider)Present, LocalizedIntroducedKielhorn (2009); Spinnen Forum (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNigma walckenaeriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNoctua pronuba (common yellow underwing moth)PresentPape (1964)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNosopsyllus londinensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaObesogammarus crassusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaObesogammarus obesusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaObolodiplosis robiniae (black locust gall midge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Hoffmann et al. (2007); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOceanaspidiotus spinosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOligota parvaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOmonadus floralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOnthophagus illyricusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedCABI and EPPO (1999); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrganothrips indicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrientus ishidae (mosaic leafhopper)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrsillus depressusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotylus capraiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Adler (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)Present, Few occurrencesUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus corruptorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus smreczynskiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)Present, WidespreadSKADOW and KARL (1967); Backhaus (1994); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOxycarenus hyalinipennis (cotton, seed bug)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOxytelus migratorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Kouba et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentNativeInvasiveKöhn and Gosselck (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGonzález-Ortegón et al. (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPanysinus nicholsoniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParamysis lacustrisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)PresentRohrig (1953)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina flavipesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPardosa plumipesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1979); Hoffmann and Schmutterer (1999); Hoffmann (2006); Schönfeld (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPaysandisia archon (South American palm borer)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPentarthrum huttoniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPeribatodes perversariaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole bilimekiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhloeomyzus passerinii (poplar woolly aphid)PresentNativeDella Beffa (1936)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhlugiola dahlemicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPholcus opilionoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter issikii (lime leafminer)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveLeinonen and Kaitila (2003); Šefrová (2003); CABI and EPPO (2011); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter leucographellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter strigulatellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)Present, WidespreadHiggins (1983); Sauer (1985); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris floribundaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)PresentNativeSteffan (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)Present, WidespreadNativeLucht (1987); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated); Niemeyer (1992); Avtzis et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveTalenhorst (1950); Hierholzer (1954)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlagiolepis alluaudiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlagiolepis exiguaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Scedilla˜engonca et al. (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes dominula (European paper wasp)PresentDuty (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentUK, CAB International (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPonera coarctataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPontogammarus robustoidesPresentIntroducedInvasiveRudolph (1997); Martens et al. (1999); Reinhold and Tittizer (1999); Zettler (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPopillia japonica (Japanese beetle)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPristiphora laricisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPristiphora wesmaeliPresentListon (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProasellus coxalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProasellus meridianusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus fallax f. virginalis (Marmorkrebs)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedMarten et al. (2004); Chucholl and Pfeiffer (2010); Privenau (2010); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer)Absent, Intercepted onlyUK, CAB International (1995); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Kosztarab and Kozár (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudeurostus hilleriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGimpel and Miller (1996); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudodiaptomus marinusPresent, Few occurrencesIntroducedJha et al. (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPsylliodes chrysocephala (cabbage stem flea beetle)Present, WidespreadBonnemaison and Jourdheuil (1954); Bromand (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPterostichus cristatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPtinella errabundaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPtycholoma peritanaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle)PresentNativeHoward (1899)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaResseliella lavandulaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis cingulata (cherry fruit fly)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveLampe et al. (2005); Vogt et al. (2007); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis completa (walnut husk fly)Present, LocalizedDrosopoulou et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil)Present, WidespreadNativeAlonso-Zarazaga and Talamelli (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisii (Harris mud crab)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Schubert (1936); Nehring (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhizoecus falciferPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhopalapion longirostrePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Bahr (1975); Rassmann (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Ben-Dov (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaitis barbipesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda carcharias (large poplar borer)PresentSchwerdtfeger (1951)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSceliphron curvatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentMound and Halsey (1978); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)Present, WidespreadNativeSchimitschek (1968); Smith (1978); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitona puncticollisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Schöller (2002); Niedermayer and Steidle (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Bahr and Prinz (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSmeringopus pallidusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSomotrichus unifasciatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpilococcus mamillariaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSteatoda castaneaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSteatoda grossaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStephanitis obertiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStictocephala altaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStricticomus tobiasPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStrumigenys rogeriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTachycines asynamorusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTakecallis arundicolensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTakecallis taiwanusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedSteinbrink (1987); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTechnomyrmex albipes (white-footed ant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTechnomyrmex detorquensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTegenaria domesticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTelmatogeton japonicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTenthecoris bicolorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); International Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeCFIA (2002); Danilevsky (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeDanilevsky (2003); Hilt and Ammer (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth (FCM))Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022); JKI (Julius Kühn Institut) (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea processionea (oak processionary moth)PresentWagenhoff and Veit (2011); Haeger (1971); Wulf and Schumacher (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThes bergrothiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThripobius javaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTinea pallescentellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTineola bisselliella (webbing clothes moth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTinocallis nevskyiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTipula paludosa (European crane fly)Present, WidespreadSellke (1936); Oosterbroek and Theowald (1992); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)Present, WidespreadEscherich (1923); Postner (1974)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrechicus nigricepsPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTremex fuscicornis (Tremex wasp)PresentNativeSmith (1978); Blank et al. (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Kress (1992); Albert et al. (1993); Dirks and Wilke (1993); Kassis and Michelakis (1993); Ruisinger and Backhaus (1994); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrichodectes octomaculatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTricorynus tabaciPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrisetacus juniperinus (juniper gall mite)PresentNativeInvasiveSmith (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropideres dorsalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelaps clareaePresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrypodendron domesticumPresentCABI Data Mining (undated); Metzler and Hecht (2006); Petercord (2006); Petercord (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrypodendron laevePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTupiocoris rhododendriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuponia brevirostrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuponia mixticolorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTyphaea decipiensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUloborus plumipesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUroleucon erigeronensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUroleucon telekiaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Ruttner (1977); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespa velutina (Asian hornet)Present, Few occurrencesCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)Present, WidespreadNativeArcher (1998); Oehlke (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVitula edmandsiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeRoediger (1956); Klimetzek et al. (1986); Schröder (1996); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)Absent, Intercepted onlyCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusAbsent, Intercepted onlyCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2008); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylotrechus stebbingiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeiraphera diniana (douglas fir cone moth (Japan))PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZelotes puritanusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaSchizoporella errata (branching bryozoan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaSchizoporella japonica (orange ripple bryozoan)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaTricellaria inopinataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak)PresentNativeWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBauer and Woog (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmazona amazonica (orange winged parrot)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmbloplites rupestris (rock bass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmbystoma mexicanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeira divagansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentIntroducedScott and Crossman (1973); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmmotragus lervia (aoudad)Absent, Formerly presentSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser canagicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBauer and Woog (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); FishBase (2004); Froese and Pauly (2004); NOBANIS (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Froese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); NOBANIS (2013); Froese R and Pauly D (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAxis axis (Indian spotted deer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBotrylloides violaceus (violet tunicate)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBauer and Woog (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta hutchinsiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Absent, Formerly presentLong (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis lupus familiaris (dogs)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius gibelio (Prussian carp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFroese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCastor canadensis (beaver)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBartoš (2009); Wotchikowsky (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChanna argus argus (northern snakehead)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChelus fimbriatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChrysemys picta (painted turtle)Absent, Formerly presentPodloucky (1998); Fritz and Lehmann (2002); Kraus (2009); Van Dijk (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCoregonus albula (vendace)Present, LocalizedNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Kottelat and Freyhof (2007); Kottelat and Freyhof (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorella eumyota (orange-tipped sea squirt)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)AbsentShireman and Smith (1983); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCynops pyrrhogaster (Japanese fire-bellied salamander)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidemnum vexillum (carpet sea squirt)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus martinicensis (whistling frog)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataErinaceus europaeus (European hedgehog)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFowler (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe)PresentNativeMuus and Dahlström (1968); Winfield et al. (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIberolacerta horvathiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)PresentIntroducedCowx and Nunn (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeiothrix lutea (red-billed leiothrix)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGlobal Invasive Species Database (2008); Catálogo Español Especies Exóticas Invasoras (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Lever (1996); Soes et al. (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedFreyhof (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)Present, WidespreadNativeMitchell-Jones et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucaspius delineatus (sunbleak)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeuciscus leuciscus (common dace)Present, WidespreadNativeWheeler (1975); Spratte and Hartmann (1997); Gerstmeier and Romig (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLissotriton montandoni (Carpathian newt)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacaca mulatta (rhesus macaque)Absent, Formerly presentSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacrochelys temminckii (alligator snapping turtle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMarmosa cinereaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMisgurnus anguillicaudatus (oriental weatherloach)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur)PresentIntroducedNOBANIS (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius fluviatilis (monkey goby)Present, LocalizedIntroducedStemmer (2008); Borcherding et al. (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius melanostomus (round goby)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedCorkum et al. (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNyctereutes procyonoides (raccoon dog)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveNowak and Pielowski (1964); Schwarz et al. (2002); Weber et al. (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2004); DAISIE (2011); NOBANIS (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveNiethammer and Krapp (1982); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997); NOBANIS (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Holcík (1991); Pullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOsmerus eperlanusPresentNativeKottelat and Freyhof (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon)Present, LocalizedIntroducedUloth and Prien (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveCranswick and Hall (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPantherophis guttatus (corn snake)Absent, Formerly presentMünch (1992); Geiger and Waitzmann (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPavo cristatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPelophylax cf. bedriagaePresentIntroducedOhst (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentNativeFishbase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerophora japonicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey)Present, LocalizedNativeMuus and Dahlström (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)Present, WidespreadIntroducedSodeikat et al. (1995); BirdLife International (2015); eBird (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow)Present, WidespreadNativeFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPimephales promelas (fathead minnow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPloceus cucullatus (village weaver bird)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPodarcis sicula (Italian wall lizard)Absent, Formerly presentHenle and Fritz (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveLutz (1995); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProterorhinus semilunaris (tubenose goby)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWelcomme (1988); Arnold (1985); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula eupatria (Alexandrine parakeet)Present, Localized, Confirmed present by surveyIntroducedAncillotto et al. (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBirdLife International (2009); Strubbe and Matthysen (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered bulbul)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentIntroducedInvasiveZavod Symbiosis (2005); Kraus (2009); Santos-Barrera et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRangifer tarandus (reindeer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhodeus ocellatus ocellatus (rosy bitterling)PresentIntroducedGeiter et al. (2002); Kottelat and Freyhof (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)PresentNativeKottelat and Freyhof (2007); Winkler et al. (2000); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)PresentNativeMuus and Dahlström (1968); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentNativeMuus and Dahlström (1968); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2004); Jansson (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus namaycush (lake trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentNativeGerstmeier and Romig (1998); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Muus and Dahlström (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish)PresentNativeFroese R and Pauly D (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub)Present, Few occurrencesNativeSpratte and Hartmann (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate)PresentKrone et al. (2007); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTamias sibiricus (Siberian chipmunk)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGeinitz (1980); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTestudo horsfieldiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationClergeau and Yésou (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentNativeFishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTriturus carnifexPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataUmbra pygmaea (eastern mudminnow)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedWolter and Röhr (2010); Geiter et al. (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXenopus laevis (African clawed frog)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoch (1924); Kinne (1956); Tessnow (1959); Calmano et al. (1992); Ringelband and Karbe (1996); Nehring (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora caspia (freshwater hydroid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaDiadumene cincta (orange anemone)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaDiadumene lineataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaGonionemus vertensPresentIntroducedGollasch and Nehring (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent)Present, WidespreadNativeHofer (1903)
EukaryotaMetazoaCtenophoraMnemiopsis leidyi (sea walnut)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAethusa cynapiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion vulgaris (Spanish slug)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveSchmid (1970); Kerney et al. (1979); Ludwig et al. (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCandidula gigaxiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCandidula intersecta (wrinkled dune snail)PresentNativeAnimalBase (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCernuella neglectaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCharpentieria italaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChilostoma banaticumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChilostoma cingulatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChilostoma illyricumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChilostoma planospiraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCongeria cochleataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCongeria leucophaetaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisPresent, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHaesloop (1992); Bernauer and Jansen (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedReichling (1950); Taylor (1914); Godan (1983); Kerney (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrepidula fornicata (American slipper limpet)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWerner (1949); Hessland (1951); Thieltges et al. (2003); Thieltges et al. (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFauna Europea (2015); Ludwig et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentNativeFauna Europea (2015); Ludwig et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)PresentKerney et al. (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena rostriformis bugensis (quagga mussel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveVelde and Platvoet (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEnsis directusPresentCosel et al. (1982); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaFerrissia fragilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaFerrissia parallelaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaFerrissia shimekiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHelisoma ancepsPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHelisoma trivolisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaKrynickillus melanocephalusPresentIntroducedBössneck and Feldmann (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBank (2011); Ludwig et al. (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLithoglyphus naticoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLittorina littorea (common periwinkle)Present, WidespreadNativeReid (1996); Buschbaum et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMagallana gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Neudecker (1982); Reise (1998); Drinkwaard (1999); Wehrmann et al. (2000); Nehring (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMedora almissanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedStudemund and Rosenberg (1994); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMenetus dilatatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMilax gagatesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMilax nigricansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOpeas pumilumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentNativeKerney et al. (1983); GBIF (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaParalaoma servilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPetricolaria pholadiformis (false angel wing)PresentIntroducedSchlesch (1932); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPhysella acutaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPlanorbella duryiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPlicatula plicata (kitten's paws)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail)Present, LocalizedIntroducedWagner (2000); Arle and Wagner (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRangia cuneataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Goulletquer (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSinanodonta woodiana (Chinese pond mussel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSubulina octonaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTandonia sowerbyiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTeredo navalis (naval shipworm)Present, WidespreadInvasiveBorges et al. (2014); Möbius (1873); Bönsch and Gosselck (1994); Sordyl et al. (1998); Tuente et al. (2002); Gollasch and Nehring (2006); Nehring (2006); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)PresentGodan (1983); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaUnio mancusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaViviparus aterPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaViviparus viviparusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaZonitoides arboreusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaZonitoides excavatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassusPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveNeumann (1985); Hartmann (1987); Würtz et al. (1998); Sures et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguina tritici (wheat seed gall nematode)PresentThorne (1961); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)Present, WidespreadDecker and Dowe (1962); Bohmer (1981); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Burckhardt (1972); Blank (1985); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2013); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Present, WidespreadGentzsch (1973); Homeyer (1973); Kuthe (1974); Whitehead et al. (1987); Subbotin et al. (2005); Mendoza et al. (2008); CABI and EPPO (2009); Mwaura et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedIntroducedLauenstein (1997); Krüssel (2010); CABI/EPPO (2011); Seebens et al. (2017); Mwangi et al. (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBendezu et al. (1998); Bendezu et al. (1998); CABI/EPPO (2011); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGongylonema neoplasticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm)PresentGoffart (1941); CABI and EPPO (2003); Toumi et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); Zunke (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode)Present, Transient under eradicationHeinicke (1993); CABI/EPPO (2012); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne fallax (false Columbia root-knot nematode)Present, Transient under eradicationCABI and EPPO (2003); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentSturhan (1976); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, LocalizedShepherd and Barker (1990); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)Absent, Intercepted onlyCABI and EPPO (1999); Elbadri et al. (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaStrongyloides myopotamiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichuris opacaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)Present, WidespreadBrown and Taylor (1987); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentWeischer and Wyss (1976); Bercks et al. (1977); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBipalium kewensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentIntroducedInvasiveKorting (1974)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesDolichoplana fieldeniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusPresentOIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusAbsentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisPresentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesGyrodactylus salarisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciPresentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaProtomonostroma undulatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva californicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeHaptophytaPrymnesium parvum (golden algae)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDietrich and Hesse (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeHeterokontophytaPseudochattonella verruculosaPresent, LocalizedIntroducedRiisberg and Edvardsen (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaColpomenia peregrinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaLaminaria ochotensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSaccharina japonicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSargassum muticum (wire weed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaUndaria pinnatifida (Asian kelp)PresentIntroducedSchiller et al. (2018); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAsplenium foreziensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSchloemer (1953); Hussner et al. (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla mexicanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDryopteris oreadesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin and et al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (kariba weed)PresentGBIF (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaBonnemaisonia hamiferaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaDasya baillouvianaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHeterosiphonia japonicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaNeosiphonia harveyiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPorphyra yezoensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus moschatus (musk mallow)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedEFSA Panel on Plant Health (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveSachse (1991); Kowarik (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)PresentNativeCech et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); Cech et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer rufinerve (grey snake-bark maple)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedBGCI (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea cartilagineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea crithmifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea ptarmicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea setaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAconitum variegatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaPresent, LocalizedIntroducedSlageren (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedThoden et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedEuro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentNativeTutin (1980); Zimmermann (1937)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis castellanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis scabraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira elegantissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga chamaepitysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga reptans (carpet bugle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla splendensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla xanthochloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium atropurpureumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium nigrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium oleraceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium paradoxumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium ursinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium vineale (crow garlic)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)Present, PlantedNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentNativeFlora Europaea (2008); Lechner et al. (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Liston (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus rendleiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlthaea hirsutaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum alyssoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum argenteumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979); Aellen and Akeroyd (1993); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus crispusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus cruentus (red amaranth)PresentIntroducedOesau (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentAellen and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus palmeri (Palmer amaranth)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedEuro+Med (2019); GRIIS (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus standleyanusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp)Present, LocalizedIntroducedSchmitz (2002); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAllard (1943); Love (1976); Chauvel et al. (2012); Euro+Med (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia tenuifolia (lacy ragweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); DAISIE (2016); Euro+Med (2016); USDA-ARS (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier lamarckii (snowy mespilus)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Kurtto (2009); NOBANIS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier spicata (dwarf serviceberry)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Kurtto (2009); NOBANIS (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase (2011); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (false indigo-bush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Milton et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnaphalis margaritaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndrosace maximaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnemone sylvestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedHand (2011); DAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis austriacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis ruthenicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis tinctoriaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthriscus caucalis (bur chervil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApera interruptaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAphanes australisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAquilegia atrataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArabis collinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed)Present, Transient under eradicationEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria holosteoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedMowat (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy)PresentIntroducedMowat (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgyreia nervosa (elephant creeper)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Paulke et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArmeria arenariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAronia x prunifoliaPresent, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia austriacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood)PresentIntroducedHegi (1929); Euro+Med PlantBase (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia ponticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia tournefortianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia verlotiorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsarum europaeumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias syriaca (common milkweed)PresentGBIF (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsperugo procumbensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsperula arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster lanceolatus (Narrow-leaved michaelmas daisy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster macrophyllusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus onobrychisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus penduliflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex micranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex oblongifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex sagittataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex tataricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAurinia saxatilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)Present, WidespreadInvasiveGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena brevisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaldellia ranunculoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota nigraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarbarea intermediaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarbarea vernaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedZipcodeZoo (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveBöcker and Dirk (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerteroa incana (hoary alyssum)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens tripartitaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBifora radiansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentSchuester (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium pinnatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeGBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentKell (2011); Euro+Med (2018); Virtual Herbaria Austria (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus arvensis (field brome)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus brachystachysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus grossusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)Present, WidespreadNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus lepidusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome)PresentOtto et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus squarrosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentNativeGibson and Kerchove (1999); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); USDA-ARS (2004); Goerke et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentIntroducedTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrunnera macrophyllaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryonia alba (white bryony)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentEPPO (2022); Ebeling et al. (2008); Ebeling et al. (2008); GBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias erucagoPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveJehlik and Slavik (1968); Starfinger and Kowarik (2003); NOBANIS (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum gerardiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum longifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum rotundifolium (hare's ear)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalepina irregularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalystegia pulchraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalystegia silvaticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina alyssumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina microcarpa (smallseed falseflax)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina sativaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula alliariifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula mediumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula patulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculoides (creeping bellflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculus (rampion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rotundifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentFAO (2009);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentNativeKühbauch et al. (1992); Goerke et al. (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella rubellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum baccatum (pepper)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (wavy bittercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus crispus (curly plumeless thistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex acutaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex crawfordiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex nigraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex ovalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex pendula (hanging sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarlina acanthifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)PresentIntroducedGISP (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatapodium rigidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCelastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus spinifexAbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea debeauxii (meadow knapweed)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1976); Otto et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea nigrescens (alpine knapweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea scabiosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentIntroducedTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOchsmann (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium siculumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium tomentosum (boreal chickweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)Present, WidespreadVoge (1986); Melzer (1999); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerinthe minorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaenorrhinum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum aromaticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum hirsutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus ratisbonensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce humifusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce nutansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce prostrataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce serpensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium berlandieriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium bonus-henricusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium botrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium desiccatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium foliosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium hircinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)Present, WidespreadReimann and Breckle (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium probstiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium pumilioPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium schraderianumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium urbicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium vulvariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChionodoxa forbesiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChionodoxa sardensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum corymbosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum macrophyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum segetumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2004); Goerke et al. (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium dissectumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium oleraceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium palustre (marsh thistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis rectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin et al. (1964); Hemp (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClinopodium vulgarePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCnidium silaifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCochlearia officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoincya monensis (star-mustard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCollomia grandifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConopodium majusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConringia orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida hispanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida regalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Present, WidespreadStace (1972); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCronquist (1976); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorispermum leptopterumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorispermum marschalliiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCornus sericea (redosier dogwood)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronopus squamatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster acuminatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster dielsianusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDickoré and Kasperek (2010); NOBANIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster roseusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotula coronopifolia (brassbuttons)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula helmsii (Australian swamp stonecrop)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); NOBANIS (2005); OEPP/EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)Present, PlantedNativeUSDA-ARS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis biennisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis foetidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis nicaeensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis setosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis vesicariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis zacinthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedValentine (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentNativeValentine (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentNativeValentine (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta monogyna (eastern dodder)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta scandensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyclachaena xanthiifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyclamen purpurascensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbalaria muralis (Kenilworth ivy)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynosurus echinatus (hedgehog dogtailgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentWilliams and Hunyadi (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus eragrostis (Tall flatsedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentEPPO (2022); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus longusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)Present, WidespreadNativeHeywood and Ball (1968); DAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus striatus (striated broom)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Fitter et al. (1989); Roskov et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedSeybold (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentMoore (1972); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus carota (carrot)PresentMunyaneza et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelphinium elatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus armeria (Deptford pink)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis lanata (Grecian foxglove)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ischaemumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentNativeLaudien and Koch (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis tenuifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis vimineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus laciniatus (cutleaf teasel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus strigosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDittrichia graveolens (stinkwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDorycnium pentaphyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDraba aizoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDraba nemorosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania botrysPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania pumilio (clammy goosefoot)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentHilbig and Mahn (1988); Holm et al. (1991); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinocystis lobata (wild cucumber)PresentIntroducedMeusel et al. (1992); EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops exaltatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops sphaerocephalusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)PresentIntroducedUK, Crop Wild Relative Information System (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus pungens (thorny olive)PresentIntroducedHoutman (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea callitrichoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)PresentIntroducedSculthorpe (1971); Krausch (1987); NOBANIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedDAISIE (2009); NOBANIS (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElsholtzia ciliataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus elongatus (tall wheatgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus hispidus (intermediate wheatgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Goerke et al. (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpimedium alpinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis albensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis multicaulisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEranthis hyemalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron annuus (annual fleabane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)Present, LocalizedIntroducedArbeitsgemeinschaft Flora von Bayern (2013); Hassler and Schmitt (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriophyllum lanatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErucastrum nasturtiifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErucastrum supinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum repandumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013); Brielmaier-Liebetanz et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus japonicus (Japanese spindle tree)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia chamaesycePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia dulcisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentEPPO (2022); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia falcataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia maculataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplus (petty spurge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia segetalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia seguierianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia virgataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphrasia strictaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuthamia graminifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFagopyrum tataricumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia baldschuanica (Russian vine)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)Present, WidespreadHilbig and Mahn (1971); Holm et al. (1977); Meisel (1979); Pötsch (1987); Fuchs and Voit (1992); Goerke et al. (2007); DAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveJalas and Suominen (1979); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveSchnitzler and Muller (1998); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemicaPresentInvasiveKeil and Alberternst (1995); Bailey and Wisskirchen (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca heterophyllaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentNativeGrassWorld (2016); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)Present, PlantedGierl and Fischer (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria viridisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria capreolataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria schleicheriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria vaillantiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea minimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis ladanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis segetumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis tetrahitPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentHilbig and Mahn (1971); Schmidt (1986); Steden and Schulte (2000); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKabuce and Priede (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Goerke et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium parisiensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium tricornutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium verrucosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaudinia fragilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaultheria shallon (salal)PresentIntroducedEncyclopedia of Life (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista sagittalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGentiana acaulisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGentiana luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium columbinum (longstalk cranesbill)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium dissectum (cutleaf geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium divaricatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium macrorrhizumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium molle (dovefoot geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium nodosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium phaeumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pratensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium purpureumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pyrenaicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium reflexumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium rotundifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium sibiricumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeum macrophyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeum urbanum (herb bennet)PresentListon (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGladiolus communisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGladiolus illyricusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlaucium flavumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)Present, WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria fluitansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria striataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGratiola officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera manicataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila muralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila perfoliataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila repensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila scorzonerifolia (garden baby's-breath)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHacquetia epipactisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveTutin et al. (1976); Wagenitz (1980); Sebald et al. (1998); Kowarik (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pratensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pubescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Greuter (2006); DAISIE (2015); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis fulva (tawny daylily)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis lilioasphodelus (yellow daylily)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBrummitt (1968); Tiley et al. (1996); Hansen et al. (2006); Thiele and Otte (2006); Jahodova et al. (2007); Thiele and Otte (2008); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum sosnowskyi (Sosnowskyi's hogweed)AbsentEPPO (2022); Jahodová et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria glabraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria hirsutaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHesperis matronalis (damesrocket)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum jubatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum secalinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHottonia palustrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHumulus scandens (Japanese hop)PresentIntroducedEPPO (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Tutin et al. (1972); Holm et al. (1979); Preston and Croft (1997); DAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranaePresentNativeUSA, USDA-GRIN (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHussner and Lösch (2007); Fried G et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila polysperma (Indian swampweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHussner et al. (2007); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum canadensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balfouriiPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveSebald et al. (1998); Rothmaler et al. (2002); Kowarik (2003); Bartomeus et al. (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveTrepl (1984); Rothmaler et al. (2002); Kowarik (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedNOBANIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris gramineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris pallidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris pumilaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris versicolorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015); Spataro and Negri (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIva xanthiifolia (marsh-elder)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedFollak et al. (2013); FloraWeb (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJovibarba globiferaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuglans ailanthifoliaPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus dudleyiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeKirschner (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush)Present, LocalizedIntroducedRunge (1972); Koch (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus glaucusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKickxia elatinePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKickxia spuriaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKnautia arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria macranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca salignaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca tataricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagarosiphon major (African elodea)PresentIntroducedNOBANIS (2005); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeInvasiveINRA (2001); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium galeobdolon (yellow archangel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium hybridumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathraea clandestinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus aphacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus heterophyllusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus hirsutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus japonicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nigerPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nissoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus palustrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus pannonicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus sphaericusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus vernusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLegousia hybridaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLegousia speculum-venerisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedHussner et al. (2010); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentIntroducedNOBANIS (2009); Preston and Croft (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeontopodium alpinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium densiflorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium didymum (lesser swine-cress)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)Present, WidespreadInvasiveHetzel (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium graminifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium heterophyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016); DAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium ruderalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucojum vernumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus arenariusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum obtusifolium (border privet)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedSukopp (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLilium martagonPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria genistifolia (broomleaf toadflax)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria repensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria sparteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia dubiaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum perennePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLithospermum officinalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Steiner and Ruckenbauer (1995); Hammer et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera maackii (Amur honeysuckle)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedLuken and Thieret (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus maritimusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNehring and Kolthoff (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia palustris (marsh seedbox)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus angustifolius (narrow-leaf lupin)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2015); NOBANIS (2015); DAISIE (2016); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuzula niveaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLychnis coronaria (rose campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysichiton americanus (American skunk cabbage)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Korneck and Krause (1990); König and Nawrath (1992); Fischer and Schausten (1994); Alberternst and Nawrath (2002); Fuchs et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysimachia punctataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2007); USDA-ARS (2007); Srijana Joshi and Tielbörger (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacleaya cordataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAuge and Brandl (1997); GBIF (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva alceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva neglecta (common mallow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva verticillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatricaria perforata (false chamomile)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Goerke et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelica altissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentDAISIE (2017); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha suaveolensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus guttatus (Monkeyflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus moschatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMisopates orontiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica balsamina (common balsam apple)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonarda didymaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMontia sibiricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuscari neglectum (starch grape hyacinth)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyagrum perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis palustris (True forget-me-not)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosoton aquaticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosurus minimusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHussner and Lö.sch (2005); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum heterophyllum (broadleaf watermilfoil)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHussner (2005); EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentNativeFitter (1978); Selig et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyrrhis odorataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNepeta faasseniiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNepeta grandifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeslia paniculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentKephalogianni et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNigella arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNonea roseaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenanthe silaifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera brevispicataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera compactaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera cruciataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera deflexaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera ersteinensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera glazioviana (redsepal evening-primrose)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera indivisaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera issleriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera nudaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera oakesianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera paradoxaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera parvifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera pycnocarpaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera subterminalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera victoriniiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera villosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera x drawertiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOmphalodes vernaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnonis natrixPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrlaya grandifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithogalum pyramidalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithopus perpusillusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape)Present, LocalizedBorg (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cumana (sunflower broomrape)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentNativeChater and Webb (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)Present, LocalizedIntroducedChater and Webb (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis articulataPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedLinares (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis decaphyllaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxytropis pilosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver argemonePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver dubiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver hybridumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParietaria judaicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParietaria pensylvanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParonychia kapelaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus vitaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia)Present, PlantedCABI (2005); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPentaglottis sempervirens (evergreen bugloss)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria maculosa (redshank)PresentNativeInvasiveINRA (2001); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia proliferaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia saxifragaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum hirsutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeKew (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhlomoides tuberosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aureosulcata (yellow groove bamboo)PresentIntroducedOhrnberger (1999); Černý and Roháček (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys flexuosa (drooping timber bamboo)PresentIntroducedOhrnberger (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2012); Verhoeven et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed)PresentNativeSell and West (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed)Present, LocalizedNativeSell and West (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)PresentNativeSell and West (1976); Meusel and Jäger (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimpinella peregrinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago arenariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentBöttcher (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)Present, WidespreadEdmondson (1980); Holm et al. (1991); Goerke et al. (2007); Clayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)Present, WidespreadNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeISSG (2015); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa trivialis (rough-stalked meadow grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolemonium caeruleumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentNativeEuro+Med Plantbase (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum bistortaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentHolm et al. (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedWalters (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeEUNIS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla goldbachiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla inclinataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla intermediaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla norvegicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla rectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla reptans (sulfur cinquefoil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrimula elatiorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKowarik (1995); Starfinger (2004); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma elegans (solitaire palm)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedDammer (1896)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia distans (weeping alkali grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPulsatilla vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPyracantha coccinea (scarlet firethorn)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus aconitifoliusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus bulbosus (bulbous buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus ficaria (fig buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus flammulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus sardousPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda alba (white mignonette)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhus typhina (staghorn sumac)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBoyle et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRorippa austriaca (Austrian fieldcress)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Vanneste et al. (2002); Weidema (2006); UK, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry)PresentIntroducedKollmann (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus chlorothyrsosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus senticosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex conglomeratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Gebhardt et al. (2006); Goerke et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex patientiaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex scutatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex stenophyllus (narrowleaf dock)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex thyrsiflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex triangulivalvisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCarlson (1957)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina apetalaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina procumbensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)PresentIntroducedNOBANIS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria subulataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix eleagnosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia aethiopis (Mediterranean sage)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia glutinosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia sclareaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia verticillataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaxifraga cymbalariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaxifraga hypnoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScandix pecten-venerisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenoplectiella supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenoplectus litoralis subsp. thermalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenoplectus mucronatus (ricefield bulrush)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScilla amoenaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScilla bifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScirpus cyperinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScirpus georgianusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia auriculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia caninaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia scopoliiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia vernalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch)PresentNativeVirtual Herbaria Austria (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum cepaeaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum hispanicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum ochroleucumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum sarmentosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum telephiumPresentListon (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSempervivum arachnoideumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSempervivum funckiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSempervivum tectorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Michl et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveKuhbier (1977); Stieglitz (1977); Brennenstuhl (1995); Kuhbier (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveReichenbach and Reichenbach (1854); Sturms (1905); Chater and Walters (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio sylvaticus (woodland groundsel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresent, WidespreadNativeInvasiveReichenbach and Reichenbach (1854); Chater and Walters (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSeseli libanotisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); ISSG (2012); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSherardia arvensis (field madder)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaShinnersia rivularisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSigesbeckia serrataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene creticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dichotomaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dioicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene italicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene linicolaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene vulgaris (bladder campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSinapis arvensis (wild mustard)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisyrinchium montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSmyrnium perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Golas et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum luteumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade)PresentIntroducedEPPO (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium (sticky nightshade)PresentIntroducedISSG (2020); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago graminifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Present, WidespreadGoerke et al. (2007); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentNativeGarcke (1972); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina anglica (common cordgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGroenendijk (1986); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina pectinataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Ratter and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula morisonii (Morison's spurry)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia rubraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia segetalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpiraea chamaedryfolia (germander meadowsweet)PresentIntroducedRoskov et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014); Govaerts (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys rectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria gramineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentChater and Heywood (1972); Holm et al. (1977); Holm et al. (1991); Goerke et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria pallida (common chickweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa splendensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novae-angliaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novi-belgii (New York aster)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRothmaler (1994); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum balsamitaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum parthenifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedBöhme et al. (1999); Kurfess and Kleisinger (2000); Winter et al. (2000); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTellima grandifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium chamaedrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum aquilegiifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum lucidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum simplexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi alliaceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)Present, WidespreadNativeClapham (1972); Holm et al. (1991); Goerke et al. (2007); USDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymus pannonicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymus pulegioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymus serpyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTorilis arvensis (spreading hedgeparsley)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTragus racemosus (stalker bur grass)PresentIntroducedNOBANIS (2020); Missouri Botanical Garden (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium aureum (hop clover)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium diffusumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium echinatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium glomeratumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium mediumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium ornithopodioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium pannonicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium patensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium phleoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium retusumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium scabrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium spadiceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium squamosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium squarrosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium striatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium strictumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrigonella caeruleaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTulipa sylvestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurgenia latifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Chambers et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha laxmanniiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha x glauca (hybrid cattail)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)Present, LocalizedNativeILDIS (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)Present, WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica piluliferaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaValerianella coronataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaValerianella eriocarpaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria spiralis (eelweed)PresentIntroducedHegi (1965); Ant (1966); Ant (1970); Hussner and Lö.sch (2005); Les et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass)PresentBergmeier (1991); IUCN (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum sinuatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeISSG (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)PresentIntroducedTutin et al. (1976); Euro+Med (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica arguteserrataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica beccabunga (European speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica chamaedrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica filiformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica opacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica politaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica prostrataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica triphyllosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia dumetorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia melanopsPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia pisiformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia sepiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia sylvaticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia tenuifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentNativeILDIS (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaViola suavisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia ciliataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)Present, Few occurrencesNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia unilateralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium albinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium saccharatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthoxalis strictaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZelkova serrata (Japanese selkova)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentInvasiveBiermann (1999); Neu (1968); Hubschmann (1970); Benkert (1971)
EukaryotaProtistaParamyxeaMarteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); Seebens et al. (2017); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium tamarensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia canisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia gibsoniPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia exitiosaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia ostreaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); Seebens et al. (2017); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaCothurnia anomalaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium aureolumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaHaplosporidium armoricanumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaKarenia mikimotoiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaKarlodinium veneficumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus olseniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeBeadell et al. (2006)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma congolensePresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiPresentAregawi et al. (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusArterivirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Virusavian metapneumovirusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentHartig and Frese (1973); Kitzing (1980); Kaleta and Marschall (1982); Luthgen (1983); Herbst and Krauss (1989); Krone et al. (2004)
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1969); Koch and Huth (1997); EPPO (2014)
Virusbluetongue virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2020)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine leukemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCocksfoot mottle virus (Cocksfoot mottle virus)PresentRabenstein and Schmidt (1979); Brunt et al. (1996)
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusPresentBrandes (1994); CABI and EPPO (2010)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
VirusCucumber green mottle mosaic virusPresentHentschel (1975); CABI and EPPO (2015); CABI (Undated)
VirusCucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus (Cucurbit aphid-borne yellows)PresentInvasiveMenzel et al. (2020)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusEggplant mottled dwarf virus (tomato vein yellowing virus)PresentMenzel et al. (2016); Ciuffo et al. (1999); Katis et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)
VirusElm mottle virusPresent, WidespreadNativeInvasiveSchmelzer (1974); CABI and EPPO (2004); EPPO (2022)
Virusepizootic haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1PresentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
Virusequine arteritis virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
Virusequine influenzavirusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusfowlpox virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus)PresentMilne et al. (1984)
VirusHaliotid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusHawaiia minusculaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious salmon anemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfluenza A virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); Leinhos et al. (2007); CABI and EPPO (2014)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)Present, Few occurrencesFuchs et al. (1994); Hohmann et al. (1998); CABI and EPPO (2003); CABI (Undated)
Virusmyxoma virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNewcastle disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNipah virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentVidela (1953); CABI and EPPO (2003)
VirusPepino mosaic virusPresent, Few occurrencesSchmatz et al. (2003); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)Present, Few occurrencesMenzel et al. (2019)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Present, WidespreadIntroducedRoy and Smith (1994); CABI and EPPO (2007); Neumüller et al. (2010); EPPO (2022)
VirusPoplar mosaic virusPresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
Virusporcine epidemic diarrhea virusPresentHanke et al. (2015)
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2014); Verhoeven et al. (2009); Marn and Pleško (2012); Mackie et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrabies virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Virusred sea bream iridovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
VirusStrawberry vein banding virus (vein banding of strawberry)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (sugarcane mosaic)PresentFuchs et al. (1990); Huth (1994)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusTomato brown rugose fruit virus (Tomato brown rugose fruit virus)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); Menzel et al. (2019)
VirusTomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (tomato spotted wilt)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1978); EPPO (2022)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusvisna/maedi virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWest Nile virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak)PresentIntroducedChen et al. (2001)
VirusWhite spot syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
abalone viral ganglioneuritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
acarapisosis of honey beesAbsentOIE (2019); EPPO (2009); OIE (2019)
actinomycosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
African swine feverPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019)
American foul broodPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
anguillicolosisPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveNeumann (1985); Hartmann (1987); Würtz et al. (1998); Sures et al. (1999)
anthraxAbsentOIE (2019); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); OIE (2019)
atrophic rhinitis of swinePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian chlamydiosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsentOIE (2019); Emele et al. (1985); Philipp et al. (1998); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
avian influenzaPresentOIE (2020); Hoffrogge et al. (2003); OIE (2004); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
avian leukosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avian leukosis sarcoma virus infectionsPresentPursas (1964)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)AbsentOIE (2019); Salisch et al. (1998); OIE (2019)
avian nephritisPresentPaul and Monreal (1991)
avian tuberculosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avipoxPresentHartig and Frese (1973); Kitzing (1980); Kaleta and Marschall (1982); Luthgen (1983); Herbst and Krauss (1989); Krone et al. (2004)
babesiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Alani and Herbert (1988); Freidhoff et al. (1988); Weber (1988); Gräfner (1989); Niepold (1990)
bacterial kidney diseasePresentLehmann and Mock (1985); Pfeil-Putzien et al. (1985)
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infectionPresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
blacklegPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetonguePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bonamiosis (Bonamia exitiosa)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bonamiosis (Bonamia ostreae)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentIntroducedInvasiveKorting (1974)
bovine adenoviruses infectionsPresent, WidespreadMayr et al. (1970); Kretzschmar (1973)
bovine anaplasmosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine babesiosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine coronavirus infectionPresentJiménez et al. (1989); Anders (1996)
bovine enterovirus infectionPresentStraub (1965)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
bovine herpesvirus 5 infectionPresentBartha et al. (1969); Magyar et al. (1989)
bovine immunodeficiency virus infectionPresentMuluneh (1994)
bovine papillomatosisPresentHanichen and V. Sandersleben (1971); Moulton (1978); Stannard and Pulley (1978); Pfister et al. (1979)
bovine parainfluenza 3 infectionPresent, WidespreadSenf et al. (1988)
bovine parvovirus infectionPresentHofmann and Arens (1981); Elschner (1995)
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infectionPresentHeckert et al. (1995)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
bovine tuberculosisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2009); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BP virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)AbsentOIE (2019); Sting and Ortmann (2000); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)AbsentOIE (2019); Pozvari (1980); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2000); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
caprine arthritis encephalitisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
caseous lymphadenitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
chicken anaemiaPresent, WidespreadBülow (1988)
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentSchettler et al. (2003); Hotzel et al. (2004)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
ChytridiomycosisPresentOhst et al. (2011); Mutschmann et al. (2000)
classical swine feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemiaPresentJohannsen et al. (2000); OIE Handistatus (2005)
coccidiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
columnaris diseasePresentAlvarado et al. (1989); Bernoth and Korting (1989)
contagious agalactiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious ecthymaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious equine metritisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious ophthalmiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
cowpoxPresentCzerny et al. (1991); Bomhard et al. (1992); Hentschke et al. (1999); Meyer et al. (1999); Pfeffer et al. (1999)
crayfish plaguePresentIntroducedInvasiveOidtmann et al. (1999); Tzukerzis (1964); OIE (2009)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultryPresent, WidespreadWagner and Kimmig (1992); Karanis et al. (1998); Kistemann et al. (2002); Joachim et al. (2003); Lippert et al. (2003); Sing et al. (2003)
Denman island diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dermatophilosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Derzsy's diseasePresentSchettler (1973); Peter (1985)
Dichelobacter nodosus infectionPresentYounan et al. (1999); Friedrich et al. (2012)
Digenean infections of fishPresentHoffmann et al. (1990)
dourineAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
duck viral enteritisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
duck virus hepatitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
EchinococcusPresentOIE (2009)
Echinococcus granulosusAbsentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
Echinococcus multilocularisPresentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection)PresentCABI (Undated)
enteric redmouth diseasePresentCABI (Undated)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
eperythrozoonosis in pigsPresentKorn and Mussgay (1968)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic ulcerative syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine coital exanthemaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine infectious anaemiaPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
equine influenzaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
equine piroplasmosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine rhinopneumonitisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
equine viral arteritisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Escherichia coli infectionsPresentBaljer et al. (1990); Wieler et al. (1996); Karch et al. (1997); Gollnisch et al. (1999); CABI (Undated)
European brown hare syndromePresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
European foul broodAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
fowl choleraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowl typhoidAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
fowlpoxPresentSeidel (1972); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Fusobacterium necrophorum infectionsPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
glandersAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Glässer's diseasePresent, WidespreadKielstein et al. (1994); Altrock (1998); Kielstein and Wuthe (1998); CABI (Undated)
grass sicknessPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Haemophilus somnus infectionPresentBinder et al. (1990); Plagemann and Mutters (1991); Haziroglu et al. (1997); Rohn et al. (1998)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
hepatitis E virus infectionPresent, WidespreadKrumbholz et al. (2014); Machnowska et al. (2014)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
ichthyophthiriosisPresentStiles (1894)
inclusion body rhinitisPresent, WidespreadCohrs (1959); Marquardt (1979)
infection with Marteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infection with Perkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infection with Perkinsus olseniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Infection with Pseudogymnoascus destructans in bats (white-nose syndrome)PresentWibbelt et al. (2010); Puechmaille et al. (2011); Wibbelt et al. (2013)
Infection with salmonid alphavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious coryzaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisPresentOIE (2019); Enzmann et al. (1992); OIE (2019)
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious laryngotracheitisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
infectious pancreatic necrosisPresentSchlotfeldt et al. (1975)
infectious salmon anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
koi herpesvirus diseasePresentOIE (2019); Bretzinger et al. (1999); Haenen et al. (2004); Schlotfeldt (2004); OIE (2019)
leishmaniosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
leptospirosisPresentOIE (2009)
listeriosisPresentSchwarze et al. (1989); OIE Handistatus (2005)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
lyme borreliosisPresent, WidespreadWilske et al. (1987)
malignant catarrhal feverPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Mammalian orthoreovirus infectionsPresentThein and Hartl (1976)
Mannheimia haemolytica infectionsPresentEwers et al. (2004)
Marek's diseasePresentOIE (2009)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Mycoplasma bovigenitalium infectionsPresentPfützner et al. (1986)
Mycoplasma bovirhinis bovine respiratory diseasePresentBinder et al. (1990)
Mycoplasma bovis infectionsPresent, WidespreadBaumgärtner (1999)
Mycoplasma hyorhinis infectionsPresent, WidespreadPfützner (1993)
Mycoplasma meleagridis infectionsPresentRott et al. (1989)
Mytilicola intestinalis infestation (mussel red worm)PresentLauckner (1983); Dethlefsen (1975)
myxomatosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
Myxozoan infections of fishPresentKaup et al. (1995); Oumouna et al. (2003)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
neosporosisPresent, WidespreadSchares et al. (1997); Peters et al. (2000)
Newcastle diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale infectionPresentRyll et al. (1997)
paratuberculosisPresentOIE (2019); Iturria (1989); OIE (2019)
Pasteurella multocida infectionsPresentBisgaard et al. (1991); Wallmann et al. (2004)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
pike fry rhabdovirus diseasePresentWizigmann et al. (1983)
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeBeadell et al. (2006)
porcine adenovirus infectionPresent, WidespreadMahnel and Bibrack (1966)
porcine circovirus infectionsPresentMankertz et al. (2000)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine epidemic diarrhoeaPresentHanke et al. (2015)
Porcine hemagglutinating encephalomyelitisPresentHess and Bachmann (1978)
porcine intestinal spirochaetosisPresent, WidespreadDünser et al. (1997)
proliferative enteropathyPresentSteinheuer et al. (2007)
pullorum diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
pulmonary adenomatosisPresentJakob and Krauze (1965); Geisel (1975); OIE Handistatus (2005); CABI (Undated)
Q feverPresentOIE (2019); Sting et al. (2003); OIE (2019)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseasePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
rabiesAbsentOIE (2019); Schulz (1989); OIE (2019)
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Rhodococcus equi infectionsPresentSoedarmanto et al. (1997)
Riemerella anatipestifer infectionPresent, WidespreadRiemer (1904); Gerlach (1970); Ziedler et al. (1984); Floren et al. (1987)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rinderpestAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultryPresent, LocalizedLotthammer and Ehlers (1990); Biermann et al. (1991)
scrapiePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
sheep and goat poxAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
small hive beetle infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
spherical baculovirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
spring viraemia of carpAbsentOIE (2019); Bachmann and Ahne (1973); OIE (2019)
Staphylococcus aureus infectionsPresent, WidespreadTrolldenier (1996)
Staphylococcus hyicus infectionPresent, WidespreadAmtsberg and Hazem (1978); Sieverding (1988)
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in pigs (and ruminants)Present, WidespreadKaufhold et al. (1988)
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in poultryPresentDamman and Manegold (1905); Damman and Manegold (1907); Greve (1908)
summer mastitisPresentLemmermöhle et al. (1988); Liebisch et al. (1994)
surraPresentAregawi et al. (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
swine dysenteryPresentWaldmann et al. (2000)
swine erysipelasPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
swine influenzaPresent, WidespreadLange et al. (1984); Zhang et al. (1989); Groschup et al. (1993); Edwald et al. (1994)
Taura syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tetanusPresent, WidespreadBrunner and Danner (1999)
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresentLiebisch and Rahman (1978)
theileriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tickborne encephalitisPresentTraavik (1994); Reiner and Fischer (1998); Süss et al. (1999)
tick-borne feverPresentFingerle et al. (1999)
torovirus infectionsPresentLiebermann (1990); Koopmans and Horzinek (1994)
toxoplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
TrichinellaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
trypanosomosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tuberculosisPresentOIE (2019); Thoen (1999); OIE (2019)
tularaemiaPresentOIE (2019); Kaysser et al. (2008); Müller et al. (2013); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsentOIE (2019); Hafez and Löhren (1990); Redmann et al. (1991); Pollan and Anrather (1993); Redmann et al. (1993); Wemmer (1993); OIE (2019)
varroosis of honey beesAbsentOIE (2019); Ruttner (1977); OIE (2019)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
visna/maediPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
West Nile feverPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
whirling diseasePresent, WidespreadNativeHofer (1903)
white spot diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Xenohaliotis californiensis infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
yellow head diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
yersiniosisPresentDee (1985); Mirle et al. (1993); Ewringmann and Weber (1995)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
ApplesArea harvested33,98033,98033,91331,33431,408
Production quantity991,4501,198,520596,6661,032,913973,462
Yield291,775 Fc352,713 Fc175,940 Fc329,646 Fc309,941 Fc
ApricotsArea harvested23023052 Im53 Im53 Im
Production quantity227 Im229 Im232 Im
Yield43,654 Fc43,208 Fc43,774 Fc
AsparagusArea harvested22,98023,41023,19022,27420,594
Production quantity130,560133,020130,881120,014113,613
Yield56,815 Fc56,822 Fc56,439 Fc53,881 Fc55,168 Fc
AvocadosArea harvested
Production quantity
BananasArea harvested
Production quantity
BarleyArea harvested1,708,8001,662,0001,566,1001,605,0001,621,800
Production quantity11,591,5009,583,60010,853,40010,730,50011,629,900
Yield67,834 Fc57,663 Fc69,302 Fc66,857 Fc71,710 Fc
Beans, greenArea harvested4,0604,9704,5084,1584,146
Production quantity39,71041,18051,46945,63447,442
Yield97,808 Fc82,857 Fc114,173 Fc109,750 Fc114,428 Fc
Berries nesArea harvested3,0602,8402,1231,9601,748
Production quantity6,1707,3407,4545,7766,009
Yield20,163 Fc25,845 Fc35,111 Fc29,469 Fc34,376 Fc
BlueberriesArea harvested3,1603,0402,8442,7142,479
Production quantity14,85012,76013,80510,71011,945
Yield46,994 Fc41,974 Fc48,541 Fc39,462 Fc48,185 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea harvested49,20055,30046,40038,80037,600
Production quantity159,500160,800188,800153,700133,200
Yield32,419 Fc29,078 Fc40,690 Fc39,613 Fc35,426 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested13,10012,74013,99113,33912,962
Production quantity722,290604,330790,191715,609688,918
Yield551,366 Fc474,356 Fc564,785 Fc536,479 Fc531,491 Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea harvested13,73012,96012,54511,2099,649
Production quantity791,110625,360733,927641,628526,856
Yield576,191 Fc482,531 Fc585,035 Fc572,422 Fc546,021 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea harvested5,8106,1006,1005,4635,733
Production quantity128,140126,100132,561122,432134,845
Yield220,551 Fc206,721 Fc217,313 Fc224,111 Fc235,208 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested6,372,600 A6,141,600 A6,266,500 A6,316,300 A6,517,500 A
Production quantity44,302,400 A37,948,100 A45,556,800 A45,364,400 A48,866,800 A
Yield69,520 Fc61,789 Fc72,699 Fc71,821 Fc74,978 Fc
CherriesArea harvested6,0506,0306,0405,1265,182
Production quantity44,55044,22016,53629,37331,446
Yield73,636 Fc73,333 Fc27,377 Fc57,302 Fc60,683 Fc
Cherries, sourArea harvested1,8901,9201,9202,0122,032
Production quantity15,72015,9008,26715,96917,119
Yield83,175 Fc82,813 Fc43,057 Fc79,369 Fc84,247 Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea harvested110110948274
Production quantity13,96014,66012,2899,3757,501
Yield1,269,091 Fc1,332,727 Fc1,307,340 Fc1,143,293 Fc1,013,649 Fc
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvestedAA
Production quantityAA
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea harvested2,3002,4102,3452,7342,731
Production quantity249,920267,590256,689260,915238,453
Yield1,086,609 Fc1,110,332 Fc1,094,623 Fc954,334 Fc873,134 Fc
CurrantsArea harvested2,1402,2502,3382,3332,401
Production quantity10,77016,09012,47013,99213,870
Yield50,327 Fc71,511 Fc53,336 Fc59,974 Fc57,768 Fc
Fibre Crops PrimaryArea harvested3,600 AAAA
Production quantityAAA
FigsArea harvested
Production quantity
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested172,430 A172,712 A184,347 A179,797 A180,276 A
Production quantity2,454,650 A2,964,697 A1,947,993 A2,646,449 A2,614,809 A
Yield142,356 Fc171,656 Fc105,670 Fc147,191 Fc145,045 Fc
Fruit, citrus nesArea harvested
Production quantity
Fruit, pome nesArea harvested9090
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea harvested
Production quantity
Grain, mixedArea harvested8,90011,30011,40010,80014,200
Production quantity31,70042,20043,30045,30062,000
Yield35,618 Fc37,345 Fc37,982 Fc41,944 Fc43,662 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area harvested
Production quantity
GrapesArea harvested100,520100,182100,255100,03999,910
Production quantity1,125,0001,403,5971,014,2351,225,5701,199,030
Yield111,918 Fc140,105 Fc101,166 Fc122,509 Fc120,011 Fc
Hemp tow wasteArea harvested3,600MMM
Production quantityMMM
HopsArea harvested20,30020,50016,960 Im17,123 Im18,400
Production quantity48,50041,80032,504 Im32,053 Im28,350
Yield23,892 Fc20,390 Fc19,165 Fc18,719 Fc15,408 Fc
Kiwi fruitArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Leeks, other alliaceous vegetablesArea harvested2,0902,0802,6212,1292,178
Production quantity88,03076,98099,74085,86189,494
Yield421,196 Fc370,096 Fc380,542 Fc403,293 Fc410,900 Fc
Lemons and limesArea harvested
Production quantity
Lettuce and chicoryArea harvested7,7407,80015,09614,27814,150
Production quantity240,450227,500353,883333,034343,083
Yield310,659 Fc291,667 Fc234,422 Fc233,250 Fc242,461 Fc
LinseedArea harvested3,4003,8004,6004,2005,000
Production quantity7,000 *6,000 *7,000 *
Yield15,217 Fc14,286 Fc14,000 Fc
LupinsArea harvested21,00023,40029,00028,60029,600
Production quantity25,60022,30052,80050,00038,300
Yield12,190 Fc9,530 Fc18,207 Fc17,483 Fc12,939 Fc
MaizeArea harvested416,000410,900432,000416,300455,500
Production quantity3,664,8003,344,3004,547,6004,017,8003,973,000
Yield88,096 Fc81,390 Fc105,269 Fc96,512 Fc87,223 Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesArea harvested350340309303279
Production quantity71,79073,23073,45472,14162,594
Yield2,051,143 Fc2,153,824 Fc2,377,152 Fc2,380,891 Fc2,243,513 Fc
OatsArea harvested126,300140,400128,100115,500125,700
Production quantity519,300577,600576,500535,900566,300
Yield41,116 Fc41,140 Fc45,004 Fc46,398 Fc45,052 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested917,000 A1,280,800 A1,357,807 A1,374,063 A1,331,830 A
Production quantity2,960,300 A3,771,400 A4,392,099 A4,675,549 A5,096,946 A
Yield32,282 Fc29,446 Fc32,347 Fc34,027 Fc38,270 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested917,000 A1,280,800 A1,357,807 A1,374,063 A1,331,830 A
Production quantity1,786,179 A2,269,378 A2,642,407 A2,808,575 A3,058,483 A
Yield19,479 Fc17,718 Fc19,461 Fc20,440 Fc22,965 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested917,000 A1,280,800 A1,357,807 A1,374,063 A1,331,830 A
Production quantity1,109,474 A1,422,457 A1,656,815 A1,769,043 A1,932,318 A
Yield12,099 Fc11,106 Fc12,202 Fc12,875 Fc14,509 Fc
Oilseeds nesArea harvested5,4005,100MMM
Production quantityMMM
OlivesArea harvested
Production quantity
Onions, dryArea harvested14,39013,58011,78111,29410,324
Production quantity607,110503,160541,354522,677455,348
Yield421,897 Fc370,515 Fc459,514 Fc462,792 Fc441,058 Fc
OrangesArea harvested
Production quantity
Peaches and nectarinesArea harvested11011058 Im60 Im58 Im
Production quantity562 Im562 Im532 Im
Yield96,897 Fc93,667 Fc91,724 Fc
PearsArea harvested2,1402,1402,1371,9251,920
Production quantity42,48047,64023,38634,62543,071
Yield198,505 Fc222,617 Fc109,434 Fc179,870 Fc224,328 Fc
Peas, dryArea harvested74,60070,70085,50087,50079,100
Production quantity228,200197,100298,100290,200276,800
Yield30,590 Fc27,878 Fc34,865 Fc33,166 Fc34,994 Fc
Peas, greenArea harvested5,4305,4905,5145,0104,786
Production quantity24,24024,24032,08327,56527,370
Yield44,641 Fc44,153 Fc58,185 Fc55,020 Fc57,188 Fc
Plums and sloesArea harvested4,8304,8204,1913,8553,849
Production quantity52,14070,12023,88537,78346,920
Yield107,950 Fc145,477 Fc56,991 Fc98,010 Fc121,902 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested271,600252,200250,500242,600236,700
Production quantity10,602,2008,920,80011,720,00010,772,10010,370,200
Yield390,361 Fc353,719 Fc467,864 Fc444,027 Fc438,116 Fc
Pulses nesArea harvested22,00018,2002,633 Im2,773 Im2,816 Im
Production quantity13,141 Im13,676 Im13,768 Im
Yield49,909 Fc49,318 Fc48,892 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested166,800 A167,600 A163,533 A157,673 A149,116 A
Production quantity413,300 A380,200 A552,841 A507,576 A462,068 A
Yield24,778 Fc22,685 Fc33,806 Fc32,192 Fc30,987 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea harvested5,3805,3205,6515,0954,622
Production quantity135,560122,250133,561130,053109,196
Yield251,970 Fc229,793 Fc236,349 Fc255,256 Fc236,253 Fc
RapeseedArea harvested856,8001,228,3001,304,9001,325,7001,285,500
Production quantity2,830,2003,677,2004,268,4004,579,6005,016,800
Yield33,032 Fc29,937 Fc32,711 Fc34,545 Fc39,026 Fc
RaspberriesArea harvested1,0301,0801,0721,0141,022
Production quantity7,5406,8206,3545,6175,631
Yield73,204 Fc63,148 Fc59,272 Fc55,394 Fc55,098 Fc
Rice, paddyArea harvested
Production quantity
Rice, paddy (rice milled equivalent)Production quantityFcFc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested271,600 A252,200 A250,500 A242,600 A236,700 A
Production quantity10,602,200 A8,920,800 A11,720,000 A10,772,100 A10,370,200 A
Yield390,361 Fc353,719 Fc467,864 Fc444,027 Fc438,116 Fc
RyeArea harvested636,300523,000537,300570,900616,000
Production quantity3,237,6002,201,4002,737,4003,173,8003,487,800
Yield50,882 Fc42,092 Fc50,947 Fc55,593 Fc56,620 Fc
SoybeansArea harvested28,90024,10019,000 *16,000 *12,000 *
Production quantity84,10058,70066,000 *43,000 *27,000 *
Yield29,100 Fc24,357 Fc34,737 Fc26,875 Fc22,500 Fc
SpinachArea harvested3,4603,4803,8483,6163,296
Production quantity68,04066,20073,77469,04962,783
Yield196,647 Fc190,230 Fc191,720 Fc190,954 Fc190,482 Fc
StrawberriesArea harvested13,20014,00014,15614,29914,720
Production quantity143,980141,690135,283143,221172,590
Yield109,076 Fc101,207 Fc95,566 Fc100,162 Fc117,249 Fc
Sugar beetArea harvested408,700413,900406,700364,300312,800
Production quantity29,728,30026,191,40034,059,90027,065,50022,572,000
Yield727,387 Fc632,795 Fc837,470 Fc742,945 Fc721,611 Fc
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvested408,700 A413,900 A406,700 A364,300 A312,800 A
Production quantity29,728,300 A26,191,400 A34,059,900 A27,065,500 A22,572,000 A
Yield727,387 Fc632,795 Fc837,470 Fc742,945 Fc721,611 Fc
Sunflower seedArea harvested22,50019,50018,00016,70018,400
Production quantity46,00035,50039,60035,70035,300
Yield20,444 Fc18,205 Fc22,000 Fc21,377 Fc19,185 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clementines, satsumasArea harvested
Production quantity
TomatoesArea harvested390400374337328
Production quantity106,690103,27096,56185,28780,916
Yield2,735,641 Fc2,581,750 Fc2,581,845 Fc2,530,772 Fc2,466,951 Fc
Treenuts, TotalArea harvested290 A290 A5,718 A5,686 A5,662 A
Production quantity18,261 A18,101 A18,330 A
Yield31,936 Fc31,834 Fc32,374 Fc
TriticaleArea harvested358,200357,700389,000396,100401,600
Production quantity2,194,9001,935,5002,317,0002,397,3002,598,300
Yield61,276 Fc54,110 Fc59,563 Fc60,523 Fc64,699 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested103,910 A103,090 A124,672 A117,414 A110,829 A
Production quantity3,440,400 A3,027,280 A4,025,884 A3,744,802 A3,454,322 A
Yield331,094 Fc293,654 Fc322,918 Fc318,940 Fc311,680 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested2,0601,90013,83713,37512,228
Production quantity20,26018,210418,342406,208365,286
Yield98,350 Fc95,842 Fc302,336 Fc303,707 Fc298,729 Fc
Vegetables, leguminous nesArea harvested530583449452
Production quantity2,5403,5223,4922,711
Yield47,925 Fc60,412 Fc77,773 Fc59,978 Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea harvested2902905,718 Im5,686 Im5,662 Im
Production quantity18,261 Im18,101 Im18,330 Im
Yield31,936 Fc31,834 Fc32,374 Fc
WatermelonsArea harvested
Production quantity
WheatArea harvested3,118,1003,036,3003,202,6003,201,7003,282,700
Production quantity23,062,60020,263,50024,481,60024,463,80026,549,500
Yield73,964 Fc66,737 Fc76,443 Fc76,409 Fc80,877 Fc
Beans, dryArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
CranberriesArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Flax fibre and towArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Fruit, stone nesArea harvested639491491
Production quantity2,7034,2744,510
Yield42,300 Fc87,047 Fc91,853 Fc
GooseberriesArea harvested12,609 Im12,582 Im13,003 Im
Production quantity86,160 Im85,835 Im88,442 Im
Yield68,332 Fc68,220 Fc68,017 Fc
Hazelnuts, with shellArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
HempseedArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
LentilsArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Mustard seedArea harvested6,080 Im6,122 Im5,977 Im
Production quantity8,194 Im8,270 Im8,109 Im
Yield13,477 Fc13,509 Fc13,567 Fc
Onions, shallots, greenArea harvested2,2852,2692,297
Production quantity91,60393,82897,913
Yield400,888 Fc413,521 Fc426,265 Fc
Poppy seedArea harvested5,227 Im5,341 Im4,953 Im
Production quantity2,905 Im2,979 Im2,737 Im
Yield5,558 Fc5,578 Fc5,526 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvested2,390 Im2,466 Im2,574 Im
Production quantity6,218 Im6,396 Im6,713 Im
Yield26,017 Fc25,937 Fc26,080 Fc
VetchesArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
YamsArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Flag
No flag = Official data
* = Unofficial figure
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea16,645 Q16,687 Q16,657 Q16,731 Q16,725 Q
AgricultureArea18,295 Q18,097 Q18,342 Q18,424 Q18,333 Q
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area1,221 Q1,138 Q1,136 Q1,089 Q1,048 W
Arable landArea11,731 Q11,772 Q11,762 Q11,846 Q11,869 Q
Country areaArea35,758 Q35,758 Q35,758 Q35,741 Q35,738 Q
CroplandArea11,930 Q11,971 Q11,962 Q12,051 Q12,072 Q
Cropland area under organic agric.Area531 Q484 Q496 Q
Farm buildings & farmyardsArea246 Q244 Q275 Q
Forest landArea11,419 Q11,419 Q11,419 Q11,419 Q11,417 Fm
Inland watersArea787 Q788 Q789 Q855 Q848 Q
Land areaArea34,938 Q34,937 Q34,936 Q34,886 Q34,890 Q
Land area equipped for irrigationArea676 Fm676 Fm676 Q680 Fm686 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea4,713 Q4,715 Q4,694 Q4,677 Q4,651 Q
Land under permanent cropsArea199 Q199 Q200 Q205 Q203 Q
Land under temp. meadows and pasturesArea2,871 Q2,754 Q2,790 Q2,746 Q2,857 Q
Land under temporary cropsArea8,500 Q8,700 Q8,662 Q8,790 Q8,823 Q
Land with temporary fallowArea360 Q318 Q310 Q310 Q189 Q
Naturally regenerating forestArea5,710 Q5,710 Q5,710 Q5,710 Q5,709 Fm
Other landArea5,224 Fc5,421 Fc5,175 Fc5,043 Fc5,140 Fc
Perm. meadows & pastures area under organic agric.Area669 Q636 Q639 Q
Planted ForestArea5,710 Q5,710 Q5,710 Q5,710 Q5,709 Fm
Primary ForestArea0 Fm0 Fm0 Q0 Fm
Agriculture area actually irrigatedArea452 Q
Cropland area under conservation tillageArea4,718 Q
Cropland area under conventional tillageArea6,313 Q
Cropland area under zero or no tillageArea94 Q
Land under protective coverArea4 Q4 Q4 Q
Cropland area actually irrigatedArea
Perm. meadows & pastures area actually irrig.Area
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.