Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Czech Republic

Toolbox

Datasheet

Czech Republic

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 10,669,709 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 21,940 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 234,060.68 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 250,680.50 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 1.93 (2019)

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

List of Species

Top of page

The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
Tetraodon fluviatilis (green-spotted puffer fish)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
yellow head virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2009)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter sepedonicus (potato ring rot)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)PresentBertaccini et al. (1998); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma)Present, Few occurrencesMertelik et al. (2004); Navratil et al. (2011); Quaglino et al. (2013); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma trifolii (clover proliferation phytoplasma)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma ulmi (elm yellows)Present, LocalizedBojansky (1969); EPPO (2013); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine flavescence doree phytoplasma (flavescence dorée of grapevine)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation)Present, WidespreadBertaccini et al. (1997); Danet et al. (2011); CABI/EPPO (2013); Fránová et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Seemüller and Schneider (2004); Fialová et al. (2007); CABI and EPPO (2010); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)Present, LocalizedNémeth (1986); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginaleAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Hepatobacter penaeiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaDickeya solani (black leg disease of potato)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Běhalová (2004); CABI/EPPO (2013)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolyticaPresentTefera and Smola (2002)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. aesculi (chestnut bleeding canker)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Mertelik et al. (2013); CABI and EPPO (2015)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Present, Transient under eradicationEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella AbortusequiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaVibrio parahaemolyticusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); IPPC (2008)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)AbsentEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciPresentIntroducedInvasiveKozubíková et al. (2006); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces invadansAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronospora belbahrii (basil downy mildew)Present, WidespreadInvasiveŠafránková and Holková (2014); CABI and EPPO (2015); Petrželová et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora alni species complex (alder Phytophthora)Present, WidespreadInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2008); Cerny et al. (2008); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentČerný et al. (2008); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentIntroducedČerný et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982); Mazáková et al. (2006)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (Sudden Oak Death (SOD))Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)Present, LocalizedSedlářová et al. (2013); CABI and EPPO (2014); Sedlářová et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentHrubý (2003)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentLáska and Rod (1985); David (2000)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose)PresentPrihoda (1982); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentDreiseitl and Jurečka (1997); Hanišová and Haniš (1997); CABI and EPPO (2004); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI/EPPO (2012); Šafránková et al. (2012)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2010); Víchová et al. (2013);
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); Haltofová et al. (2005); Haltofová et al. (2005); Haltofová (2006); Jankovský et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2015)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast)PresentNativeMinter (1994)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiaporthe eres (apple leaf, branch and fruit fungus)PresentGuarnaccia et al. (2018); Dvořák et al. (2006)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymascella thujina (cedar leaf blight)PresentIntroducedInvasivePříhoda (1986)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOndřej (1991); UK, CAB International (1993)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiplodia seriata (grapevine trunk disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (2005); Eichmeier et al. (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaEntoleuca mammataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe russelliiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe vanbruntianaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHymenoscyphus fraxineus (ash dieback)Present, WidespreadInvasiveJankovský and Holdenrieder (2009); Stastný et al. (2009); Queloz et al. (2011); CABI/EPPO (2013); Haňáčková et al. (2017); Hrabětová et al. (2017); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLachnellula willkommii (European larch canker)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); Duchoslavová et al. (2007)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBrasier and Kirk (2001)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentBraun (1995)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudogymnoascus destructans (white-nose syndrome fungus)PresentPikula et al. (2012); Martínková et al. (2010); Zukal et al. (2016)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentPřikryl and Čížková (2007); Jankovský and Palovčíková (2003)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresentNatural History Museum, University of Oslo (2020); BPI (US National Fungus Collections) (2009)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust)PresentNativeŠafránková (2008); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)Present, LocalizedTubeuf (1936); UK, CAB International (1983); Jankovský (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumPresentSedlák and Tomšovský (2014)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)Present, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1980); Kotlaba (1984); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion parviporumPresentNativeSedlák and Tomšovský (2014)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMelampsoridium hiratsukanum (alder rust)PresentEPPO (2022); Müller (2003)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, WidespreadRezac and Zacha (1974); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia komaroviiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); Váňová et al. (2006); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaDendrobaena hortensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaDendrobaena venetaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentIntroducedInvasiveGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentEPPO (2022); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentMáca (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdistemia watsoniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAlocentron curvirostrePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmara aulicaPresentŠt'astná and Psota (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle)Absent, Intercepted onlyCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthocoris butleriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthrenocerus australisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1968); Kocourek et al. (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentBorbély et al. (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraephagaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAppendiseta robiniaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAproceros leucopoda (elm zigzag sawfly)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCABI and EPPO (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApterygothrips pinicolusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArgiope bruennichiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArgyresthia trifasciataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArgyrotaenia ljungianaPresentJaros et al. (2014); Spitzer et al. (2003); Šumpich and Konvička (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArmadillidium nasatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArocatus longicepsPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidapion validumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAsterolecanium epidendriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAthous haemorrhoidalisPresentŠt'astná and Psota (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtomaria lewisiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBaeocrara japonicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Present, LocalizedCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBisnius palmiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlaps gigasPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Rettich (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeRasmont et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBovicola alpinusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrachypterolus vestitusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchus signaticornisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaenoscelis subdeplanataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaloptilia roscipennella (walnut leaf miner)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveLiska (1997); Gregor et al. (1998); CABI and EPPO (2003); Volter and Kenis (2006); Kuldová et al. (2007); Weyda et al. (2015); Nováková et al. (2016); Bačovský et al. (2017); Kopačka and Zemek (2017); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus ligneusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus pilosellusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercyon laminatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerodontha unisetiorbitaPresentČerný and Roháček (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil)Present, WidespreadŠedivý and Kocourek (1994); Colonnelli (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysolina coerulansPresentFauna Europaea (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentHlavjenková and Šefrová (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Zahradník (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentNativeKajita et al. (2012); Leslie et al. (2009); Št'astná and Psota (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccus pseudohesperidumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaColeophora deauratella (red clover casebearer)PresentBioLib (2018); Fauna Europaea (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaColeophora spiraeellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaContarinia quinquenotata (Hemerocallis gall midge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptophagus fallaxPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptopleurum subtilePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCurculio elephas (chestnut weevil)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI/EPPO (2012); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydia grunertianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacne pictaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDaphnia ambiguaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDaphnia parvulaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDasineura oxycoccana (blueberry gall midge)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle)Present, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet)PresentKula (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveVahala and Bezděk (2002); Kiss et al. (2005); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDichrooscytus gustaviPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDictyna civicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011); Št'astná and Psota (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDienerella filumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDikerogammarus villosus (killer shrimp)PresentIntroducedBerezina and Ďuriš (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiprion similis (white pine sawfly)Present, LocalizedNativeListon (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)PresentStarý (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDorypteryx pallidaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDreyfusia nordmannianae (silver fir adelges)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSefrová and Lastuvka (2005); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2016); Máca et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocoetes himalayensisPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Marek and Bártová (1998); CABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEchinothrips americanusPresent, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid)PresentHoluša et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElophila manilensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEnarmonia formosana (bark tortrix)PresentTanigoshi and Starý (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEndria nebulosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEnoplium serraticornePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEphestia kuehniella (Mediterranean flour moth)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpitrix pubescensPresentŠt'astná and Psota (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEricaphis wakibaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab)PresentIntroducedNHM (2004); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriococcus buxiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEupithecia pulchellataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEupoecilia ambiguella (grapevine moth)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEupteryx melissaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFaxonius limosus (Spiny-cheek crayfish)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHoldich DM et al. (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentDvořák and Tět'ál (2013); Št'astná and Psota (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (1999); Mertelik et al. (2000); Mertelik et al. (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFurchadaspis zamiaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGibbium psylloidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly)Present, LocalizedNativeListon (1995); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGnathocerus cornutusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGymnaspis aechmeaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer)PresentNativeRazowski (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHaplotinea ditellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHaplotinea insectellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBrown et al. (2008); Št'astná and Psota (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHasarius adansoniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentIntroducedDanzig and Pellizari (1998); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemimysis anomalaPresent, LocalizedInvasiveHorecky et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHolocnemus plucheiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastinus fankhauseriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil)PresentZumr and Starý (1993); Zumr and Stary (1995); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle)PresentNativeZumr (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010); Čermák et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypoponera punctatissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdiopterus nephrelepidisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIllinoia azaleaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaImpatientinum asiaticumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps cembrae (large larch bark beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI and EPPO (2007); Grucmanová et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeHolusa et al. (2009); Čermák et al. (2013); Holuša et al. (2013); CABI and EPPO (2014); Kašák and Foit (2015); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeJelinek (1993); BAWBILT (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaJapananus hyalinusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius turcicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLepinotus inquilinusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1962); Jelinek (1993); Št'astná and Psota (2013); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptodrassus pupaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLessertia dentichelisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveCiglar et al. (1999); Jonko (2005); Šefrová (2005); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucothrips nigripennisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeCox (2001); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis brunneaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis corrodensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis decolorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis pearmaniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerinaPresentMartinez (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedVlk (1999); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)Absent, EradicatedCABI and EPPO (1997); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListrophorus americanusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListrophorus dozieriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListrophorus fainiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListrophorus validusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitargus balteatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLithocharis nigricepsPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLivilla variegataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (European grapevine moth)PresentGabel and Roehrich (1995); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); Št'astná and Psota (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasivePogue and Schaefer (2007); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLyphia tetraphyllaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrolophus glaucescensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrolophus melanotomaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacropsis cyanescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegalepthyphantes collinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegaselia gregariaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)Present, WidespreadLáska (1992); CABI and EPPO (2001); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMoina weismanniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonarthropalpus flavus (boxwood leafminer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus saltuarius (Japanese pine sawyer)PresentBense (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn)PresentNativeInvasiveAlthoff and Danilevsky (1997); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus urussovii (white mottled sawyer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyocoptes ondatraePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyrsidea quadrifasciataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentIntroducedKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzocallis walshiiPresent, WidespreadCABI/EPPO (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentMuška (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)Present, WidespreadNativeSimandl (1993); Simandl and Anderbrant (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNigma walckenaeriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNitidula flavomaculataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNoctua pronuba (common yellow underwing moth)PresentHrudová (2005); Hrudová (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaObolodiplosis robiniae (black locust gall midge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Skuhravá et al. (2007); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOceanaspidiotus araucariaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOinophila v-flavaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOmonadus floralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpilio canestriniiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpilio parietinusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrientus ishidae (mosaic leafhopper)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrsillus depressusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstearius melanopygiusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)PresentCagáň et al. (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)PresentMráček et al. (1993); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOxytelus migratorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Kouba et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentBen-Dov et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPaysandisia archon (South American palm borer)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhilonthus spinipesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhloeotribus caucasicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPholcus opilionoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocoptes azaleaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter issikii (lime leafminer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSefrová et al. (2000); Šefrová (2002); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter leucographellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)Present, WidespreadNativeCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated); Avtzis et al. (2008); Foit (2012); Čermák et al. (2013); Kula et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveZoufal (1920)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Ben-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); IPPC (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Zahradnik (1990); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPsilochorus simoniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPsylliodes chrysocephala (cabbage stem flea beetle)PresentCABI (Undated); Št'astná and Psota (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPterostichus caspiusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis cingulata (cherry fruit fly)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis completa (walnut husk fly)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil)Present, WidespreadNativeAlonso-Zarazaga and Talamelli (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhizoecus dianthiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhizoecus falciferPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhopalapion longirostrePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSceliphron curvatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveWood and Bright (1992); Kubátová et al. (2004); Nakladal (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentKučerová et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Stejskal et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitticus pubescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpilococcus mamillariaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSteatoda castaneaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSteatoda grossaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStictocephala altaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStricticomus tobiasPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTachycines asynamorusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentKlimeš and Okrouhlík (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTarsostenus univittatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTechnomyrmex detorquensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeDanilevsky (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeDanilevsky (2003); Dolezal (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea processionea (oak processionary moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)Absent, Intercepted onlyCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThylodrias contractusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTinea pallescentellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTineola bisselliella (webbing clothes moth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTinocallis nevskyiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)PresentFoit (2007); Čermák et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrachyopella stramineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTremex fuscicornis (Tremex wasp)PresentNativeSmith (1978); Pažoutová and Šrůtka (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Byrne et al. (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTricorynus tabaciPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrigonogenius globulusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma longisetosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma megatomoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropideres dorsalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrypodendron laevePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuponia elegansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuponia hippophaesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuponia macedonicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUloborus plumipesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUroleucon erigeronensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUroleucon telekiaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Veselý (2005); OIE (2009); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)Present, WidespreadNativeArcher (1998); Dvorak and Straka (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVryburgia brevicrurisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)Present, LocalizedNativeBalachowsky (1963); Postner (1974); Schedl (1981); Pfeffer (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedWood and Bright (1992); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZelotes puritanusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAbbottina rivularis (Chinese false gudgeon)PresentIntroducedNeely et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak)PresentNativeLusk and Hanel (2000); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedBanks et al. (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmbloplites rupestris (rock bass)Absent, Formerly presentSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmmotragus lervia (aoudad)Absent, Formerly presentSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedBlair et al. (2000); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); FishBase (2004); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Froese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAxis axis (Indian spotted deer)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedBlair et al. (2000); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius gibelio (Prussian carp)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveLusková et al. (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBartoš (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChanna argus argus (northern snakehead)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCoregonus albula (vendace)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedHanel (2003); Lusk et al. (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCoregonus maraena (Maraena whitefish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedShireman and Smith (1983); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)Present, WidespreadNativeSteffens (1975); Balon (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Blanc et al. (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe)PresentNativeMuus and Dahlström (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004); NOBANIS (2005); Olenin et al. (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCopp and Fox (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)Present, WidespreadNativeMitchell-Jones et al. (1999); Suchomel et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucaspius delineatus (sunbleak)PresentNativeLusk et al. (2011); Blanc et al. (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeuciscus leuciscus (common dace)Present, WidespreadNativeGerstmeier and Romig (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Hanel (2003); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius melanostomus (round goby)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNyctereutes procyonoides (raccoon dog)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Mitchell-Jones et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Lever (1996); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Holcík (1991); Froese and Pauly (2004); Lusk et al. (2010); Lusk et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon)Present, WidespreadIntroducedUloth and Prien (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveCranswick and Hall (2010); Hall (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentNativeFishbase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey)Absent, Formerly presentLusk and Hanel (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBirdLife International (2015); eBird (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow)Present, WidespreadNativeFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Holcík (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon)PresentIntroducedInvasiveČirovič and Milenkovič (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWelcomme (1988); Copp et al. (2005); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)PresentNativeHanel (2003); Blanc et al. (1971); Froese and Pauly (2004); Kottelat and Freyhof (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)Present, Few occurrencesNativeFroese and Pauly (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedBlanc et al. (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Hanel (2003); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus namaycush (lake trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Muus and Dahlström (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish)PresentNativeFroese R and Pauly D (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub)PresentNativeGerstmeier and Romig (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTestudo horsfieldiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentNativeFishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAethusa cynapiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAllopeas clavulinumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion vulgaris (Spanish slug)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveDvorák and Horsák (2003); Štranc et al. (2006); Foltan and Konvicka (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCepaea nemoralisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCernuella neglectaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBeran (2000); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)PresentCejka et al. (2007); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFauna Europea (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentNativeFauna Europea (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)PresentKerney et al. (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBlazka (1893)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaFerrissia fragilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHebetodiscus inermisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHygromia cinctellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimacus flavusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)Present, WidespreadIntroducedJuřičková et al. (2001); Bank et al. (2002); Dvorák (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLucilla singleyanaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMenetus dilatatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMonacha cantianaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPhysella acutaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPlanorbella duryiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea bridgesii (spiketop applesnail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSinanodonta woodiana (Chinese pond mussel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaZonitoides arboreusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassusPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBaruš et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Present, Few occurrencesCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Present, WidespreadAdamova (1975); Kudela (1975); Baier and Balas (1976); Douda (2005); CABI and EPPO (2009); Zouhar et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedZouhar and Rysanek (2002); Zouhar et al. (2003); CABI/EPPO (2011); Douda et al. (2012); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasivePotoček et al. (1991); Zouhar and Rysanek (2002); Zouhar et al. (2003); CABI/EPPO (2011); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGongylonema neoplasticumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera ficiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentZouhar et al. (2003);
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentTesařová et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaOstertagia mossiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaStrongyloides myopotamiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichuris myocastorisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichuris opacaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2001); Shesh Kumari and Cesare (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBipalium kewensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusPresentOIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusPresentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisAbsentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesFascioloides magnaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesGyrodactylus salarisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesRaillietina friedbergeriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaRotiferaBrachionus variabilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentMertelik et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMatteuccia struthiopterisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin and et al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasivePyšek et al. (2002); Pysek and Prach (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)PresentNativeKumari and Decraemer (2008); Kašák et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer rufinerve (grey snake-bark maple)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedBGCI (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea crithmifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Svoboda and Polák (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaPresent, LocalizedIntroducedSlageren (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina altissimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentNativeGBIF (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis scabraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga chamaepitisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga chamaepitysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga glabraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla conjunctaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla sericataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla speciosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla tytthanthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlhagi maurorum (camelthorn)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasivePyšek et al. (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium atropurpureumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium christophiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium paradoxumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium ramosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium roseumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)Present, PlantedNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentSlavikova et al. (2009); Flora Europaea (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlthaea armeniacaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlthaea hirsutaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum argenteumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum rostratumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus acutilobusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus crispusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus cruentus (red amaranth)PresentIntroducedHejný and Slavík (1990); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Aellen and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus palmeri (Palmer amaranth)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2019); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Svoboda and Polák (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSeebens et al. (2017); Love (1976); Euro+Med (2016); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); DAISIE (2016); Euro+Med (2016); USDA-ARS (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier lamarckii (snowy mespilus)PresentIntroducedPyšek et al. (2002); Grimová et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier spicata (dwarf serviceberry)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Kurtto (2009); Grimová et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmi visnagaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (false indigo-bush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEuro+Med PlantBase (2011); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmsinckia lycopsoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnacyclus clavatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis monelliPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnaphalis margaritaceaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndrosace elongataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndrosace maximaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnemone halleriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedHand (2011); Randall (2012); DAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis austriacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthriscus caucalis (bur chervil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAphanes australisPresentLepší and Lepší (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAquilegia atrataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArabis procurrensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctium tomentosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed)Present, Transient under eradicationEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria holosteoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)Absent, Formerly presentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArmeria maritimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArnoseris minimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAronia x prunifoliaPresent, LocalizedIntroducedInvasivePyšek et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia albaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia austriacaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia gnaphalodesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia sieversiana (sieversian wormwood)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia tournefortianaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia verlotiorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentMertelik et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsperugo procumbensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsperula arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsperula orientalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster bellidiastrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster cordifoliusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster divaricatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster lanceolatus (Narrow-leaved michaelmas daisy)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster macrophyllusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster salignusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus alopecuroidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus glycyphylloidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstrodaucus orientalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex hortensis (garden orache)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex micranthaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex oblongifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex sagittataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex semilunarisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex sibiricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex tataricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAubrieta deltoideaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)Present, WidespreadKoblihová (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxyris amaranthoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota nigraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia sedoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia tricuspisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBeckmannia eruciformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBergenia crassifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerteroa incana (hoary alyssum)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens ferulifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens tripartitaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBifora radiansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBlitum nuttalianumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBolboschoenus glaucusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)Present, WidespreadNativeCook et al. (2005); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium pinnatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeGBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBracteantha bracteataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica elongataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedEuro+Med (2018); Seebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza minor (small quaking grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus arvensis (field brome)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus briziformis (rattlesnake brome)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus grossusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); Lepší and Lepší (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus lanceolatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus lepidusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus ripariusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus scopariusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentNativeInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrunnera macrophyllaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryonia alba (white bryony)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryonia creticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja alternifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Pyšek et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis subsp. sibthorpianaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias erucagoPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePyšek et al. (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunium bulbocastanumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum croceumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum rotundifolium (hare's ear)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamintha grandifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamintha nepetaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamintha sylvaticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula arvensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalystegia pulchraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina alyssumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina laxaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina microcarpa (smallseed falseflax)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina rumelicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina sativaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula alliariifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula lactifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula mediumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculus (rampion)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella rubellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009); Svoboda et al. (2006); Svoboda and Svobodová-Leišová (2012); Svoboda and Leisova-Svobodova (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine chelidoniaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (wavy bittercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus crispus (curly plumeless thistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Petrželová and Lebeda (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex muskingumensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatananche caeruleaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatapodium rigidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaucalis platycarpos subsp. bischoffiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCelastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)Present, Transient under eradicationEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea macrocephala (giant knapweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea macroptilonPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensis (Maltese starthistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea nigrescens (alpine knapweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTutin et al. (1976); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTutin et al. (1976); Ochsmann (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria giganteaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria syriacaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium tomentosum (boreal chickweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerinthe minorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaenorrhinum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce humifusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium acuminatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)PresentSvoboda and Polák (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium atriplicinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium berlandieriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium bonus-henricusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium botrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium carinatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium foliosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucum (Oak-leaved goosefoot)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium hircinumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium integrifoliumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium missouriensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium nitrariaceumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium opulifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium probstiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium prostratumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium pumilioPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium schraderianumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium urbicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium vulvariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChionodoxa forbesiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChionodoxa sardensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris radiataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris truncataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChorispora tenella (blue mustard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum carinatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum macrophyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum segetumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCichorium endivia (endives)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1979); Petrželová and Lebeda (2004); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium echinusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium tuberosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)Present, WidespreadNativeKinkorova (1991); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClarkia pulchellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis flammulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis orientalis (oriental virginsbower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1964); Polák (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis viticellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCnidium silaifoliumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCochlearia officinalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColeostephus myconisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCollomia grandifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConringia orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida hispanicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida orientalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida regalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)PresentStace (1972); Svoboda and Polák (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveŠída (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza trilobaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoreopsis bicolorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoreopsis tinctoriaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorispermum declinatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorispermum leptopterumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorispermum pallasiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCornus sericea (redosier dogwood)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronilla scorpioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronopus squamatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster dielsianusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster divaricatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDickoré and Kasperek (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster zabeliiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus flabellataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)Present, PlantedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis biennisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis capillaris (smooth hawksbeard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis foetidaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis nicaeensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis setosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis tectorum (narrowleaf hawksbeard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis vesicariaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia)PresentIntroducedGovaerts and Barker (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocus flavusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocus tommasinianusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCucurbita foetidissimaPresentLebeda and Sedláková (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyclachaena xanthiifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbalaria muralis (Kenilworth ivy)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbalaria pallidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynosurus echinatus (hedgehog dogtailgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus eragrostis (Tall flatsedge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus glomeratusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus elongatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)Present, WidespreadNativeHeywood and Ball (1968); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Nedělník et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Roskov et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDarmera peltataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDasypyrum villosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedPyšek et al. (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentSvoboda and Polák (2002); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus carota (carrot)PresentKolářová et al. (2013); Zouhar et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis lanata (Grecian foxglove)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis luteaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ischaemumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDinebra retroflexaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplachne fuscaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis tenuifoliaPresentLepší and Lepší (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus strigosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDittrichia graveolens (stinkwort)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDoronicum columnaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDoronicum orientalePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDoronicum pardalianchesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDraba sibiricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania pumilio (clammy goosefoot)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEcballium elateriumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentMartinková and Honěk (1993); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa esculentaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinocystis lobata (wild cucumber)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePyšek et al. (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops exaltatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops sphaerocephalusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta longiflora (longflowered veldtgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, LocalizedIntroducedPyšek et al. (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)PresentIntroducedUK, Crop Wild Relative Information System (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEllisia nycteleaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElsholtzia ciliataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWilliamson et al. (2005); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium dodonaeiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium dodonaneiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium komarovianumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpimedium alpinumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis albensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis mexicanaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis multicaulisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pectinaceaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEranthis hyemalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron annuus (annual fleabane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron septentrionalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron speciosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriochloa villosaPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Slavík (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium gruinumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium neuradifoliumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErucastrum gallicumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErucastrum nasturtiifoliumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEryngium amethystinumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum argillosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum repandumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythronium dens-canisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuclidium syriacumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia agrariaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia chamaesycePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia falcataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia lagascaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia maculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia myrsinitesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplus (petty spurge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia taurinensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFagopyrum tataricumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia baldschuanica (Russian vine)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePyšek and Prach (1993); Mandák et al. (2004); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMandák et al. (2004); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemicaPresentInvasiveMandák et al. (2004); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot (2016); Nedělník et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentPokorný and Cagaš (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilago pyramidataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilipendula kamtschaticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilipendula rubraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus pennsylvanica (downy ash)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria capreolataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria schleicheriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria schrammiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria vaillantiiPresentLepší and Lepší (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleobdolon argentatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis ladanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis segetumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentCABI (Undated); DAISIE (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMoravcová et al. (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentSvoboda and Polák (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium muralePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium parisiensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium rubioidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium tricornutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium verrucosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGastridium ventricosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaudinia fragilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista sagittalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGentiana luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium columbinum (longstalk cranesbill)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium dissectum (cutleaf geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium ibericumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium macrorrhizumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium molle (dovefoot geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium purpureumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Svoboda and Polák (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pyrenaicumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium reflexumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium rotundifoliumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium sibiricumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium versicolorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeum aleppicumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeum macrophyllumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGilia achilleifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGilia capitataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGilia tricolorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlandularia peruvianaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlaucium flavumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlebionis coronaria (crowndaisy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentSvoboda and Polák (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); ILDIS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria striataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGratiola neglectaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrindelia squarrosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila scorzonerifolia (garden baby's-breath)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009); Sedlářová et al. (2013); Sedlářová et al. (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus debilis (beach sunflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus pauciflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus petiolarisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus salicifoliusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliopsis helianthoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelleborus odorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelleborus viridisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentIntroducedGreuter (2006); DAISIE (2015); USDA-ARS (2016); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis fulva (tawny daylily)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis lilioasphodelus (yellow daylily)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePyšek (1994); Tiley et al. (1996); Moravcová et al. (2005); Müllerová et al. (2005); Hansen et al. (2006); Jahodova et al. (2007); Pergl et al. (2012); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum persicum (Persian hogweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria hirsutaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHesperis matronalis (damesrocket)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHesperis oblongifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHesperis pycnotrichaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHieracium pannosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHonorius nutansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum jubatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum marinum (seaside barley)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum secalinumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum turkestanicumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHosta plantagineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHumulus scandens (Japanese hop)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyacinthella leucophaeaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyacinthella rumelicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranaePresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylotelephium spectabilePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus albusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Svoboda and Polák (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia hirta (coolatai grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIberis umbellataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balfouriiPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2018); GRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePyšek and Prach (1994); Pyšek and Prach (1995); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam)Present, WidespreadIntroducedPyšek et al. (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens scabridaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris pallidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIva xanthiifolia (marsh-elder)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedPyšek et al. (2012); Follak et al. (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKickxia elatinePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKickxia spuriaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca tataricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentLebeda et al. (2012); Lebeda and Sedláková (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagurus ovatus (hare's tail)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium confertumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium galeobdolon (yellow archangel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium hybridumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium orvalaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium purpureum var. moluccellifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLappula marginataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLapsana communis (nipplewort)PresentPetrželová and Lebeda (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus annuusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus aphacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus clymenumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus ochrusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus tingitanusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawrencia glomerataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLegousia hybridaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLegousia pentagoniaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLegousia speculum-venerisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLembotropis nigricansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeontopodium alpinumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium africanumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium densiflorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium didymum (lesser swine-cress)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)Absent, Intercepted onlyStanzel (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium heterophyllumPresentLepší and Lepší (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeLepší and Lepší (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium ruderalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa mucronata (mucronate sprangletop )PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemella serotinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus arenariusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus canadensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentPolák (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria repensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia dubiaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Pokorný and Cagaš (2003); Nedělník et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); Pokorný and Cagaš (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedVacke (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus ornithopodioidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia palustris (marsh seedbox)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus angustifolius (narrow-leaf lupin)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHejda (2013); ILDIS (2015); DAISIE (2016); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuzula niveaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLychnis coronaria (rose campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLycopus europaeus (European water horehound)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysimachia punctataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum junceumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacleaya cordataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMadia sativaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape)PresentIntroducedNOBANIS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalcolmia africana (Malcolm stock)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalcolmia chiaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalcolmia maritimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalope trifidaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva neglecta (common mallow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Svoboda and Polák (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva verticillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMantisalca salmanticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatricaria perforata (false chamomile)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Svoboda and Polák (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatthiola longipetalaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMeconopsis cambricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentSvoboda and Polák (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago orbicularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedCimalová (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago rigidulaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelampyrum barbatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelica altissimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentDAISIE (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha suaveolensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus guttatus (Monkeyflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus moschatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis nyctagineaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMisopates orontiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMontia sibiricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyagrum perfoliatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentNativeFitter (1978); Adamec and Husák (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyrrhis odorataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNemophila menziesiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNepeta faasseniiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNepeta grandifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNerium oleander (oleander)PresentKůdela et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeslia paniculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNonea luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNonea roseaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera acutifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera biennis (common evening primrose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera fallaxPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera flavaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera fruticosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera glazioviana (redsepal evening-primrose)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera hoelscheriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera issleriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera macrocarpaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera moravicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera oakesianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera parvifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera pycnocarpaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera rubricaulisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera strictaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera subterminalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera victoriniiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera villosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera wieniiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera x albipercurvaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOmphalodes vernaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia phaeacanthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrlaya grandifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithopus compressusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche gracilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche hederaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche lucorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche purpureaPresentLepší and Lepší (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis debilis (pink woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis dilleniiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis pes-caprae (Bermuda buttercup)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis triangularisPresentŠafránková (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum obtusumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum oligosanthesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver argemonePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver atlanticumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver dubiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver hybridumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver pseudoorientalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParapholis incurvaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParapholis strigosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedRandall (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParietaria judaicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParietaria pensylvanicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGRIIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus vitaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia)Present, Transient under eradicationEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeltaria alliacea (garlic cress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPentaglottis sempervirens (evergreen bugloss)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria maculosa (redshank)PresentNativeInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); Weed Science Society of America (2003); Čepl and Kasal (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeucedanum austriacumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeucedanum ostruthiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeucedanum verticillarePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhacelia campanulariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhacelia ciliataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhedimus aizoon (gold sedum)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhedimus hybridusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum paniculatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum subulatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis pubescensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed)PresentLoomis and Fishman (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed)PresentNativeSell and West (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)Present, WidespreadNativeSell and West (1976); Meusel and Jäger (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimpinella peregrinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinguicula crystallinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinguicula grandifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine)PresentBednářová et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago alpinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago arenariaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentPyšek and Pyšek (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); Nedělník et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentIntroducedISSG (2015); Nedělník et al. (2015); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonatum hirtumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)PresentJalas and Suominen (1979); Svoboda and Polák (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum bistortaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019); Smutný and Kren (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon fugaxPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPontederia cordata (pickerel weed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentCABI (2005); Cerny et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedWalters (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentGBIF (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla intermediaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveVanhellemont (2009); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPseudolysimachion incanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia giganteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia strictaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPulsatilla vulgarisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuschkinia scilloidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPyracantha coccinea (scarlet firethorn)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedEuro+Med (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda alba (white mignonette)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda luteolaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda odorataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda phyteumaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhagadiolus stellatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhodanthe manglesiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhus typhina (staghorn sumac)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMöllerová (2005); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRibes spicatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRodgersia pinnataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRodgersia podophyllaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa ferrugineaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedBruun (2005); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRostraria cristataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTrávníček and Zázvorka (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus moschusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus nemorosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus parviflorus (thimbleberry)PresentIntroducedInvasivePyšek et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus sylvaticusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia hirtaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex browniiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex confertusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex dentatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex longifolius (Yard dock)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obovatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentMikulka and Kneifelová-Korčáková (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex patientiaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex pseudoalpinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex scutatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex thyrsiflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex triangulivalvisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina apetalaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedDAISIE (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria sagittifoliaPresentPokorný et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)PresentCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola collina (slender Russian thistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia reflexaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia sclareaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia spinosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia viridisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); Svoboda and Polák (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanguisorba x tenuifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaxifraga cuneifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaxifraga cymbalariaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaxifraga hostiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaxifraga hypnoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaxifraga rotundifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScandix pecten-venerisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus barbatus (common Mediterranean grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchkuhria pinnataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScilla amoenaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScilla sibericaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScirpus pendulusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScolymus maculatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScopolia carniolicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScorpiurus muricatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia caninaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia chrysanthaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia vernalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScutellaria altissimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch)PresentNativeVirtual Herbaria Austria (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum anacampserosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum ewersiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum hispanicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum ochroleucumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum pallidumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum reflexumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum sarmentosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum stoloniferumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSempervivum tectorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort)Present, LocalizedIntroducedPyšek et al. (2002); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)PresentHodálová et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio squalidus subsp. rupestrisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresent, WidespreadNativeChater and Walters (1976); Svoboda and Polák (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria faberi (giant foxtail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Wang RongLin et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentLepší and Lepší (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSherardia arvensis (field madder)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida hermaphroditaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene chalcedonicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene creticaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dichotomaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentSvoboda and Polák (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene pendulaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene viridifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilphium perfoliatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSinapis arvensis (wild mustard)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium polymorphumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium strictissimumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium volgensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisyrinchium angustifoliumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisyrinchium montanumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSmyrnium perfoliatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum americanumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum decipiensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum luteumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium (sticky nightshade)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Pysek et al. (2002); CABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentDouda et al. (2012); Zouhar et al. (2003); Mazáková et al. (2006); Kolářová et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSeebens et al. (2017); Kabuce and Priede (2010); Royal Botanic Garden (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSeebens et al. (2017); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago graminifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); Petrželová and Lebeda (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentNative and IntroducedUSDA-ARS (2018); Petrželová and Lebeda (2004); DAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentHejny (1974); Boulos (1976); Petrželová and Lebeda (2004); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus wightianus (perennial sowthistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentRatter and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpiraea chamaedryfolia (germander meadowsweet)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Pyšek et al. (2002); Roskov et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus elongatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus indicus (rat tail grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys byzantinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentChater and Heywood (1972); Mertelik et al. (2000); Mertelik et al. (2002); Svoboda and Polák (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria pallida (common chickweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa calamagrostisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novae-angliaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novi-belgii (New York aster)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphytum asperumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes tenuifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum balsamitaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum macrophyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin et al. (1976); Svoboda and Polák (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium marumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium poliumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThladiantha dubiaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019); Svoboda and Polák (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi kovatsiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymophylla tenuiloba (Dahlberg daisy)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPetrík et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTolpis staticifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTorilis arvensis (spreading hedgeparsley)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTragus racemosus (stalker bur grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium angulatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium glomeratumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium lappaceumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium ornithopodioidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium pallidumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium pannonicumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium squamosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrigonella caeruleaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriticum monococcumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriticum polonicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTulipa sylvestrisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurgenia latifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha laxmanniiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)Present, WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica piluliferaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)PresentSvoboda and Polák (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaValerianella dentataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaValerianella rimosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria spiralis (eelweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass)PresentNativeDanihelka et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum niveumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeISSG (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena bonariensis (clusterflower vervain)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHEAR (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica acinifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica filiformisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica opacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica politaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica triphyllosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia bithynicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia melanopsPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia onobrychioidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaViola canadensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaViola curtisiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaViola obliquaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaViola suavisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentIntroducedInvasivePyšek et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia ciliataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia ligusticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWaldsteinia geoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWaldsteinia trifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium albinumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthoxalis strictaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZelkova serrata (Japanese selkova)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentIntroducedMikulásková (2006); Novotny (1990)
EukaryotaProtistaParamyxeaMarteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia exitiosaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia ostreaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus olseniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeVotýpka et al. (2003)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusArterivirusPresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Virusavian metapneumovirusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentRajchard and Rachač (2001)
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2014)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine leukemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus (Cucurbit aphid-borne yellows)PresentSvoboda et al. (2011); Svoboda (2011)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusElm mottle virusPresentCABI and EPPO (2004); EPPO (2022)
Virusepizootic haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusfowlpox virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2Present, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus)PresentCABI (Undated); Komínek (2008); Alabi et al. (2014)
VirusHaliotid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusHawaiia minusculaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious myonecrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious salmon anemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfluenza A virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)PresentEPPO (2022)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusMacrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentPokorný and Porubová (2000); CABI and EPPO (2003)
Virusmyxoma virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNewcastle disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNipah virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPepino mosaic virusAbsent, EradicatedEPPO (2022); IPPC (2008); Kůdela et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2015)
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentCABI and EPPO (2009); Svoboda et al. (2006)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Present, WidespreadIntroducedRoy and Smith (1994); Polák (1997); Polák (2001); Polák (2001); Navrátil et al. (2004); CABI and EPPO (2007); Polák (2007); Polák and Komínek (2009); EPPO (2022)
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); Mertelik et al. (2010); Červená et al. (2011); CABI and EPPO (2014); Matoušek et al. (2014)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrabies virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusred sea bream iridovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusStrawberry vein banding virus (vein banding of strawberry)Present, Few occurrencesHonetšlegrová et al. (1995); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (sugarcane mosaic)PresentPokorný and Porubová (2000); EPPO (2022)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusTomato brown rugose fruit virus (Tomato brown rugose fruit virus)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
VirusTomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (tomato spotted wilt)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1978); EPPO (2022)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWest Nile virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak)PresentIntroducedStenger et al. (2002)
VirusWhite spot syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)

List of Species CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

Top of page

The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
abalone viral ganglioneuritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Acanthocephalan infections of fishPresentMoravec and Scholz (1991)
acarapisosis of honey beesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
acute hepatopancreatic necrosis diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
African swine feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
American foul broodPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
anguillicolosisPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBaruš et al. (1999)
anthraxAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
atrophic rhinitis of swinePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian adenoviruses infectionsPresent, WidespreadCada et al. (1975); Černík (1985)
avian chlamydiosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian encephalomyelitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsentOIE (2019); Zajac et al. (1992); Snížek (1993); Krajča and Jiran (1998); OIE (2019)
avian influenzaPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
avian leukosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian tuberculosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avipoxPresentRajchard and Rachač (2001)
babesiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
blacklegAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetongueAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bonamiosis (Bonamia exitiosa)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bonamiosis (Bonamia ostreae)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Borrelia anserina infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
botulismAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine babesiosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine papillomatosisPresentAbdouslam et al. (1997)
bovine parainfluenza 3 infectionPresent, LocalizedTrávníček (1999)
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infectionPresentKovařčík (1999)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine tuberculosisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine viral diarrhoeaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
BP virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)AbsentOIE (2019); Seidl and Bischofová (1990); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2000); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
caseous lymphadenitisAbsent, No presence record(s)Literák et al. (1999); OIE Handistatus (2005); CABI (Undated)
cercarial dermatitisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
ChytridiomycosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
classical swine feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious agalactiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious equine metritisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
contagious ophthalmiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
crayfish plaguePresentIntroducedInvasiveKozubíková et al. (2006); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultryPresent, WidespreadPavlásek (1994); Pavlásek (1994); Pavlásek (1995); Pavlasek (1999); Svobodová and Svoboda (2001); Kváč and Vítovec (2003); Ryan et al. (2003)
Denman island diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dermatophilosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dourineAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck virus hepatitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
EchinococcusPresentOIE (2009)
Echinococcus granulosusPresentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Echinococcus multilocularisAbsentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection)PresentCABI (Undated)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic ulcerative syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine coital exanthemaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine influenzaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine piroplasmosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine viral arteritisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Escherichia coli infectionsPresentAlexa et al. (1995); Alexa et al. (1995); Čížek et al. (1999)
European foul broodPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
fowl choleraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowl typhoidAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
fowlpoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
giardiasisPresentKoudela et al. (1991); Svobodová and Chroust (1995); Koudela and Vítovec (1998); Žižlavský et al. (1998)
glandersAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
hepatitis E virus infectionPresent, WidespreadBartolo et al. (2012); Berto et al. (2012)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infection with Marteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infection with Perkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infection with Perkinsus olseniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Infection with Pseudogymnoascus destructans in bats (white-nose syndrome)PresentPikula et al. (2012); Martínková et al. (2010); Zukal et al. (2016)
Infection with salmonid alphavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious bursal diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious coryzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious myonecrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious salmon anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
koi herpesvirus diseasePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
leishmaniosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
leptospirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
lyme borreliosisPresent, WidespreadHercogová et al. (1993)
malignant catarrhal feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Mannheimia haemolytica infectionsPresentTefera and Smola (2002)
Marek's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
mycobacteriosis in fishPresentNavrátil et al. (2000); Lescenko et al. (2003)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Mycoplasma bovirhinis bovine respiratory diseasePresent, WidespreadZendulkova et al. (1998)
myxomatosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
necrotizing hepatopancreatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
neosporosisPresentKoudela et al. (1998)
Newcastle diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019); Pavlik et al. (2000); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
Pasteurella multocida infectionsPresentJaglic et al. (2004)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeVotýpka et al. (2003)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine intestinal spirochaetosisPresentCizek et al. (1998)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
proliferative enteropathyPresentFriedman et al. (2008)
pullorum diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
pulmonary adenomatosisPresentSeidl (1990); CABI (Undated)
Q feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseasePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rabiesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Ranavirus infection in amphibiansAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Rhodococcus equi infectionsPresentDvorská et al. (1999)
Riemerella anatipestifer infectionPresentRachač and Vladík (1987)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rinderpestAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultryPresent, LocalizedRodák et al. (2004)
Sapelovirus A infectionsPresentProdělalová (2012)
scrapieAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
sheep and goat poxAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
small hive beetle infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
spherical baculovirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
spring viraemia of carpPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Staphylococcus aureus infectionsPresent, WidespreadMajić et al. (1994); Busch and Hajsig (1995); Su et al. (1999)
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in pigs (and ruminants)PresentSmola and Novotný (2000)
surraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
swine dysenteryAbsent, No presence record(s)Cizek et al. (1996); OIE Handistatus (2005)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Taura syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tetanusPresent, WidespreadCABI (Undated)
theileriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tickborne encephalitisPresentKlimeš et al. (2001)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
TrichinellaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
trypanosomosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
tularaemiaPresentOIE (2019); Hubálek and Halouzka (1997); Gürcan (2014); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Ureaplasma infectionsPresent, WidespreadCABI (Undated)
varroosis of honey beesAbsentOIE (2019); Veselý (2005); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
visna/maediAbsentOIE (2019); Celer et al. (1997); Pépin et al. (1998); OIE (2019)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); Hubálek et al. (1999); OIE (2019)
white spot diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
white tail diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Xenohaliotis californiensis infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
yellow head diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

Top of page
Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
ApplesArea harvested7,3207,2507,3497,4918,309
Production quantity99,500151,530105,280124,997155,361
Yield135,929 Fc209,007 Fc143,258 Fc166,863 Fc186,979 Fc
ApricotsArea harvested1,1501,1501,1041,1511,155
Production quantity2,8702,2601,0197822,238
Yield24,957 Fc19,652 Fc9,230 Fc6,794 Fc19,377 Fc
ArtichokesArea harvested
Production quantity
AvocadosArea harvested
Production quantity
BananasArea harvested
Production quantity
BarleyArea harvested319,580324,720327,707325,725365,946
Production quantity1,718,0601,606,0301,712,2791,845,2541,991,415
Yield53,760 Fc49,459 Fc52,250 Fc56,651 Fc54,418 Fc
Berries nesArea harvested1010580 Im586 Im532 Im
Production quantity10201,064 Im1,106 Im1,008 Im
Yield10,000 Fc20,000 Fc18,345 Fc18,874 Fc18,947 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea harvested7609301,252 Im1,320 Im1,380 Im
Production quantity8101,4901,679 Im1,771 Im1,856 Im
Yield10,658 Fc16,022 Fc13,411 Fc13,417 Fc13,449 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested1,2601,1601,0931,2141,130
Production quantity41,33037,84049,18350,20341,599
Yield328,016 Fc326,207 Fc449,982 Fc413,534 Fc368,133 Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea harvested780700827805721
Production quantity28,88026,65033,55526,62023,449
Yield370,256 Fc380,714 Fc405,744 Fc330,683 Fc325,229 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea harvested320300256248303
Production quantity4,6906,9303,8572,6333,704
Yield146,563 Fc231,000 Fc150,664 Fc106,169 Fc122,244 Fc
Cereals nesArea harvested4,5104,5004,6895,2274,003
Production quantity6,5308,0807,4877,7446,993
Yield14,479 Fc17,956 Fc15,967 Fc14,815 Fc17,469 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested1,352,540 A1,338,780 A1,357,136 A1,361,499 A1,392,344 A
Production quantity7,646,150 A6,970,920 A7,460,864 A8,600,551 A8,187,774 A
Yield56,532 Fc52,069 Fc54,975 Fc63,170 Fc58,806 Fc
CherriesArea harvested900880906923975
Production quantity2,6502,7101,9992,5352,443
Yield29,444 Fc30,795 Fc22,064 Fc27,465 Fc25,056 Fc
Cherries, sourArea harvested1,2601,1901,2051,2641,302
Production quantity5,3406,8104,2026,6785,804
Yield42,381 Fc57,227 Fc34,871 Fc52,832 Fc44,578 Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea harvested270420336 Im323 Im311 Im
Production quantity11,33010,3109,182 Im8,902 Im8,652 Im
Yield419,630 Fc245,476 Fc273,274 Fc275,604 Fc278,199 Fc
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvestedAA
Production quantityAA
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea harvested310450337456373
Production quantity15,23014,38020,79221,00617,619
Yield491,290 Fc319,556 Fc616,973 Fc460,658 Fc472,359 Fc
CurrantsArea harvested8608508608591,023
Production quantity9801,8901,6091,7962,912
Yield11,395 Fc22,235 Fc18,709 Fc20,908 Fc28,465 Fc
Fibre Crops PrimaryArea harvested400 A790 A225 A232 A217 A
Production quantity180 A370 A624 A617 A646 A
Yield4,500 Fc4,684 Fc27,733 Fc26,595 Fc29,770 Fc
FigsArea harvested
Production quantity
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested31,310 A30,960 A34,837 A35,344 A37,070 A
Production quantity197,400 A292,470 A228,318 A252,200 A307,593 A
Yield63,047 Fc94,467 Fc65,539 Fc71,356 Fc82,976 Fc
Fruit, citrus nesArea harvested
Production quantity
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea harvested
Production quantity
GarlicArea harvested360390329233236
Production quantity1,6401,6901,340835795
Yield45,556 Fc43,333 Fc40,729 Fc35,837 Fc33,686 Fc
Grain, mixedArea harvested8401,9901,6803,8332,821
Production quantity1,7604,8501,76913,2113,027
Yield20,952 Fc24,372 Fc10,530 Fc34,466 Fc10,730 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area harvested
Production quantity
GrapesArea harvested16,08015,94015,80715,79715,808
Production quantity67,960103,70079,77475,90590,608
Yield42,264 Fc65,056 Fc50,468 Fc48,050 Fc57,318 Fc
Hemp tow wasteArea harvested400790222 Im228 Im214 Im
Production quantity180370619 Im610 Im641 Im
Yield4,500 Fc4,684 Fc27,883 Fc26,754 Fc29,953 Fc
HopsArea harvested5,0005,0204,9454,7754,622
Production quantity7,1505,1306,7977,7124,843
Yield14,300 Fc10,219 Fc13,745 Fc16,151 Fc10,478 Fc
Kiwi fruitArea harvested
Production quantity
Leeks, other alliaceous vegetablesArea harvested1010
Production quantity150130
Yield150,000 Fc130,000 Fc
Lemons and limesArea harvested
Production quantity
Lettuce and chicoryArea harvested620620589152142
Production quantity15,42011,16022,0901,8595,036
Yield248,710 Fc180,000 Fc375,042 Fc122,303 Fc354,648 Fc
LinseedArea harvested1,0801,2601,7221,4811,599
Production quantity1,3501,7502,3492,2372,127
Yield12,500 Fc13,889 Fc13,641 Fc15,105 Fc13,302 Fc
LupinsArea harvested2,2502,980
Production quantity3,0504,820
Yield13,556 Fc16,174 Fc
MaizeArea harvested74,83081,85085,99586,40779,972
Production quantity620,260489,150588,105845,765442,709
Yield82,889 Fc59,762 Fc68,388 Fc97,882 Fc55,358 Fc
OatsArea harvested42,53042,82044,06537,56642,395
Production quantity134,410152,660142,441132,220154,576
Yield31,604 Fc35,652 Fc32,325 Fc35,197 Fc36,461 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested454,770 A489,330 A479,525 A470,178 A446,021 A
Production quantity1,248,170 A1,511,330 A1,269,436 A1,476,482 A1,355,001 A
Yield27,446 Fc30,886 Fc26,473 Fc31,403 Fc30,380 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested454,770 A489,330 A479,525 A470,178 A446,021 A
Production quantity750,487 A905,463 A759,658 A882,363 A809,786 A
Yield16,503 Fc18,504 Fc15,842 Fc18,767 Fc18,156 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested454,770 A489,330 A479,525 A470,178 A446,021 A
Production quantity466,904 A568,552 A477,632 A558,369 A513,181 A
Yield10,267 Fc11,619 Fc9,961 Fc11,876 Fc11,506 Fc
Oilseeds nesArea harvested49,84040,8402,1852,1371,957
Production quantity33,20025,9601,1051,5491,122
Yield6,661 Fc6,357 Fc5,057 Fc7,248 Fc5,733 Fc
OlivesArea harvested
Production quantity
Onions, dryArea harvested1,7601,6601,7041,5451,581
Production quantity44,61036,70041,23642,01827,212
Yield253,466 Fc221,084 Fc241,995 Fc271,961 Fc172,119 Fc
OrangesArea harvested
Production quantity
Peaches and nectarinesArea harvested340380366393481
Production quantity5509604852751,596
Yield16,176 Fc25,263 Fc13,251 Fc6,997 Fc33,181 Fc
PearsArea harvested800750707742785
Production quantity6,1307,2103,9476,5418,921
Yield76,625 Fc96,133 Fc55,827 Fc88,154 Fc113,643 Fc
Peas, dryArea harvested28,78029,09034,79326,60123,876
Production quantity67,34070,56087,32368,70378,161
Yield23,398 Fc24,256 Fc25,098 Fc25,827 Fc32,736 Fc
Peas, greenArea harvested1,1101,3701,3111,113923
Production quantity3,1303,0804,7514,5724,174
Yield28,198 Fc22,482 Fc36,240 Fc41,078 Fc45,222 Fc
Plums and sloesArea harvested1,8801,8201,7581,8771,874
Production quantity8,76012,9204,0655,9989,116
Yield46,596 Fc70,989 Fc23,123 Fc31,955 Fc48,645 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested22,89022,89023,41823,41422,681
Production quantity622,600583,560688,970699,605504,955
Yield271,997 Fc254,941 Fc294,205 Fc298,798 Fc222,633 Fc
Pulses nesArea harvested1,9802,1608,0649,0329,263
Production quantity2,9502,65013,09515,92017,747
Yield14,899 Fc12,269 Fc16,239 Fc17,626 Fc19,159 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested33,770 A35,160 A44,189 A37,034 A34,597 A
Production quantity74,150 A79,520 A102,176 A86,473 A97,839 A
Yield21,957 Fc22,617 Fc23,122 Fc23,350 Fc28,280 Fc
RapeseedArea harvested379,780411,800394,262392,991366,180
Production quantity1,156,9701,410,7701,146,2241,359,1251,256,212
Yield30,464 Fc34,259 Fc29,073 Fc34,584 Fc34,306 Fc
RaspberriesArea harvested303022 Im29 Im29 Im
Production quantity12010030 Im38 Im38 Im
Yield40,000 Fc33,333 Fc13,636 Fc13,103 Fc13,103 Fc
Rice, paddyArea harvested
Production quantity
Rice, paddy (rice milled equivalent)Production quantityFcFc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested22,890 A22,890 A23,418 A23,414 A22,681 A
Production quantity622,600 A583,560 A688,970 A699,605 A504,955 A
Yield271,997 Fc254,941 Fc294,205 Fc298,798 Fc222,633 Fc
RyeArea harvested31,13025,36022,22120,95121,980
Production quantity157,560120,160109,241104,353107,874
Yield50,614 Fc47,382 Fc49,161 Fc49,808 Fc49,078 Fc
SoybeansArea harvested12,24015,23015,34410,60812,311
Production quantity27,84025,26037,01227,97220,238
Yield22,745 Fc16,586 Fc24,121 Fc26,369 Fc16,439 Fc
SpinachArea harvested470390214 Im208 Im206 Im
Production quantity5,8306,1601,697 Im1,669 Im1,679 Im
Yield124,043 Fc157,949 Fc79,299 Fc80,240 Fc81,505 Fc
StrawberriesArea harvested680710687710583
Production quantity2,5302,3602,8273,4183,260
Yield37,206 Fc33,239 Fc41,150 Fc48,141 Fc55,918 Fc
Sugar beetArea harvested59,21064,76066,10160,73657,612
Production quantity3,661,4203,724,3104,399,5214,118,3563,421,035
Yield618,379 Fc575,094 Fc665,576 Fc678,075 Fc593,806 Fc
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvested59,210 A64,760 A66,101 A60,736 A57,612 A
Production quantity3,661,420 A3,724,310 A4,399,521 A4,118,356 A3,421,035 A
Yield618,379 Fc575,094 Fc665,576 Fc678,075 Fc593,806 Fc
Sunflower seedArea harvested11,83020,20021,60115,64815,450
Production quantity28,81047,59053,15644,63431,618
Yield24,353 Fc23,559 Fc24,608 Fc28,524 Fc20,465 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clementines, satsumasArea harvested
Production quantity
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
TomatoesArea harvested160300244339196
Production quantity10,62010,0804,81914,3505,549
Yield663,750 Fc336,000 Fc197,500 Fc423,304 Fc283,112 Fc
Treenuts, TotalArea harvested130 A170 A186 A175 A129 A
Production quantity110 A150 A71 A91 A181 A
Yield8,462 Fc8,824 Fc3,817 Fc5,200 Fc14,031 Fc
TriticaleArea harvested39,67037,85036,26339,59542,891
Production quantity195,410172,150177,252193,198202,646
Yield49,259 Fc45,482 Fc48,880 Fc48,794 Fc47,247 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested10,444 A10,565 A10,910 A10,956 A9,943 A
Production quantity231,719 A202,159 A252,024 A240,330 A195,842 A
Yield221,868 Fc191,348 Fc231,003 Fc219,359 Fc196,965 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested3,0142,7953,4464,0963,587
Production quantity48,85937,04957,70163,81054,466
Yield162,107 Fc132,555 Fc167,443 Fc155,786 Fc151,843 Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea harvested130170186175129
Production quantity1101507191181
Yield8,462 Fc8,824 Fc3,817 Fc5,200 Fc14,031 Fc
WheatArea harvested839,450819,690832,062839,710829,820
Production quantity4,812,1604,417,8404,718,2055,454,6635,274,272
Yield57,325 Fc53,896 Fc56,705 Fc64,959 Fc63,559 Fc
AsparagusArea harvested103 Im106 Im115 Im
Production quantity636 Im665 Im708 Im
Yield61,748 Fc62,736 Fc61,565 Fc
Beans, dryArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Beans, greenArea harvested45 Im43 Im45 Im
Production quantity272 Im258 Im281 Im
Yield60,444 Fc60,000 Fc62,444 Fc
BuckwheatArea harvested887 Im901 Im990 Im
Production quantity2,262 Im2,292 Im2,520 Im
Yield25,502 Fc25,438 Fc25,455 Fc
Canary seedArea harvested705 Im702 Im697 Im
Production quantity799 Im788 Im780 Im
Yield11,333 Fc11,225 Fc11,191 Fc
Chick peasArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Chicory rootsArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Chillies and peppers, dryArea harvested2,901 Im2,651 Im2,871 Im
Production quantity2,412 Im2,184 Im2,368 Im
Yield8,314 Fc8,238 Fc8,248 Fc
Flax fibre and towArea harvested3 Im4 Im3 Im
Production quantity5 Im7 Im5 Im
Yield16,667 Fc17,500 Fc16,667 Fc
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvested3,476 Im3,512 Im3,499 Im
Production quantity21,994 Im22,108 Im21,811 Im
Yield63,274 Fc62,950 Fc62,335 Fc
GooseberriesArea harvested1010715 Im
Production quantity23232,477 Im
Yield23,000 Fc23,000 Fc34,643 Fc
LentilsArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Melons, other (inc.cantaloupes)Area harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
MilletArea harvested862 Im882 Im829 Im
Production quantity1,024 Im1,063 Im962 Im
Yield11,879 Fc12,052 Fc11,604 Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesArea harvestedMMM
Production quantity540 F561 Im551 Im
Mustard seedArea harvested11,82511,77015,874
Production quantity9,54212,39116,941
Yield8,069 Fc10,528 Fc10,672 Fc
Nuts nesArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Poppy seedArea harvested32,58635,54332,650
Production quantity20,04828,57426,743
Yield6,152 Fc8,039 Fc8,191 Fc
SorghumArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Vegetables, leguminous nesArea harvested76 Im75 Im74 Im
Production quantity373 Im369 Im368 Im
Yield49,079 Fc49,200 Fc49,730 Fc
VetchesArea harvested80 Im81 Im78 Im
Production quantity79 Im79 Im75 Im
Yield9,875 Fc9,753 Fc9,615 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
F = FAO estimate
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

Top of page
Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea3,523 Q3,521 Q3,488 Q3,494 Q3,516 Q
AgricultureArea3,523 Q3,521 Q3,488 Q3,494 Q3,516 Q
Agriculture area actually irrigatedArea25 Q25 Q25 Q18 Q18 Q
Agriculture area certified organicArea476 Q459 Q429 Q432 Q456 Q
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area522 Q505 Q491 Q483 Q477 Q
Arable landArea2,484 Q2,496 Q2,491 Q2,490 Q2,489 Q
Coastal watersArea0 Q0 Q0 Q0 Q0 Q
Country areaArea7,887 Q7,887 Q7,887 Q7,887 Q7,887 Q
CroplandArea2,533 Q2,543 Q2,539 Q2,536 Q2,535 Q
Cropland area certified organicArea67 Q62 Q57 Q61 Q59 Q
Cropland area under conservation tillageArea755 Q755 Q775 Q
Cropland area under conventional tillageArea1,605 Q1,605 Q1,605 Q
Cropland area under organic agric.Area87 Q77 Q73 Q74 Q65 Q
Cropland area under zero or no tillageArea33 Q33 Q33 Q
Forest landArea2,673 Q2,672 Q2,670 Q2,668 Q2,666 Fm
Inland watersArea167 Q166 Q166 Q165 Q165 Q
Land areaArea7,720 Q7,721 Q7,722 Q7,721 Q7,722 Q
Land area equipped for irrigationArea46 Q46 Q46 Q34 Q34 Q
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea990 Q978 Q949 Q958 Q981 Q
Land under permanent cropsArea49 Q47 Q48 Q46 Q46 Q
Land under temp. meadows and pasturesArea33 Q34 Q36 Q38 Q34 Q
Land under temporary cropsArea2,425 Q2,436 Q2,425 Q2,417 Q2,433 Q
Land with temporary fallowArea26 Q26 Q30 Q35 Q22 Q
Naturally regenerating forestArea129 Q124 Q120 Q115 Fm110 Fm
Other landArea1,524 Fc1,528 Fc1,564 Fc1,559 Fc1,540 Fc
Perm. meadows & pastures area certified organicArea410 Q397 Q371 Q371 Q396 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures area under organic agric.Area435 Q428 Q418 Q409 Q412 Q
Planted ForestArea2,545 Q2,547 Q2,550 Q2,553 Q2,557 Fm
Primary ForestArea10 Fm10 Fm10 Q10 Fm
Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)Area0 Q0 Q0 Q
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.