Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Christmas Island (Indian Ocean)

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Datasheet

Christmas Island (Indian Ocean)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Christmas Island (Indian Ocean)
  • General data
  • Region: Tropical Asia
  • Climates: Tropical

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Present Shivas, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly) Present Bellis et al., 2004; Gillespie, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant) Present YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly) Present YesCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) Present Native NoDrew and Hancock, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera umbrosa Present Bellis et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Introduced YesHarrington, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present Bellis et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid) Present FAO, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug) Present Bellis et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatachardina pseudolobata (lobate lac scale) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant) Present Introduced YesLake and O'Dowd, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar) Present YesIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant) Present Introduced Wetterer, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer) Present Introduced UK CAB International, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similis Present Introduced YesWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis lupus familiaris (dogs) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko) Present Introduced YesGibson-Hill, 1950.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper) Widespread Native NoAllen and Steene, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish) Present Native NoFroese and Pauly, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia) Present Native IUCN, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Introduced SPREP, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail) Present Introduced YesSproul, 1983; Lake and O'Dowd, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaEucheuma spp. Present Russell, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow) Present Native PROTA, 2015; Fosberg, 1943.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoPIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree) Present Introduced YesGovaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda) Present Introduced PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe) Present Introduced PIER, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Introduced YesOrchard, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine) Present Introduced YesQueensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Widespread Introduced YesDEH, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2015; Weeds of Australia, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2007; Swarbrick, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi) Present Introduced PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet) Present Introduced YesSwarbrick, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria lupulina (hophead Philippine violet) Present Introduced YesSwarbrick, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume) Present Introduced YesOrchard, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack) Present USDA Forest Service, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present Introduced YesILDIS, 2014; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus) Present Introduced Swarbrick, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama) Present Introduced YesSwarbrick, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo) Present Introduced YesSwarbrick, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly) Present Introduced NoPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present Introduced YesWeeds of Australia, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum) Present Introduced PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine) Present Native NoGBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present Native PIER, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present Introduced YesSwarbrick, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present Native GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed) Present Introduced YesGautier, 1992b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower) Present Introduced YesRivers, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower) Present Native Orchard, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea) Present Introduced YesOrchard, 1993; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut) Present Introduced Govaerts et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro) Present Introduced Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper) Present only in captivity/cultivation Native PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf) Present Introduced YesSwarbrick, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed) Present Introduced YesOrchard, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Introduced YesSwarbrick, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura) Present Native PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2009; PIER, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm) Present Introduced NoPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry) Present Introduced NoPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant) Present Randall, 2012; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak) Present Introduced PIER, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemigraphis alternata (red ivy) Present Introduced Swarbrick, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam) Present Introduced PIER, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass) Present Swarbrick and Hart, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo) Present Native PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory) Present PIER, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Present Introduced NoPIER, 2008; Swarbrick, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe blossfeldiana (flaming katy) Present Introduced Swarbrick, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant) Present Introduced Queensland Goverment, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced YesWeeds of Australia, 2012; ILDIS, 2007; PIER, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose) Present HEAR, 2012; Raven, 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah) Present PIER, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacaranga tanarius (parasol leaf tree) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango) Present Introduced PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced PIER, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (creeping sensitive plant) Widespread Introduced YesPIER, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant) Widespread Introduced YesPIER, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower) Present Introduced NoPIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd) Present Introduced PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry) Present Native Govaerts, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree) Present Introduced NoPIER, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean) Present Native ILDIS, 2014; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry) Present Introduced Swarbrick and Hart, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Introduced ISSG, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine) Localised YesPuff, 1991; Swarbrick, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Introduced Häfliger and Scholz, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit) Present Introduced PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower) Present Du and Puy Telford, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present Introduced YesSwarbrick, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper) Widespread Introduced Hartemink, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind) Present Introduced PIER, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea indica (Indian camphorweed) Widespread Introduced YesPIER, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava) Widespread Introduced YesPIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma macarthurii (Macarthur palm) Present Introduced YesSwarbrick, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu) Present Introduced Swarbrick, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry) Present GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Present Native Orchard, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Introduced PIER, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree) Present Introduced YesSwarbrick and Hart, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoPIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016; PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna) Present Introduced PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania) Present Introduced NoPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida) Widespread Introduced YesWeeds of Australia, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced YesQueensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Present Introduced YesSwarbrick and Hart, 2001; PIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia) Present Introduced YesHEAR, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed) Present Introduced Munir, 1992; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain) Present Barker and Telford, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail) Absent, unreliable record Moldenke, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella) Present du Puy et al., 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum) Present Introduced NoPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells) Widespread Introduced YesSwarbrick and Hart, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew) Present Introduced PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriphasia trifolia (limeberry) Present Native PIER, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly) Present Introduced YesSwarbrick, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Present Native Orchard, 1993; PIER, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass) Present Introduced CSIRO, 2010; Simon and Alfonso, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear) Present Introduced Swarbrick, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass) Localised Introduced NoFlora of Australia, 2015.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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