Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Christmas Island (Indian Ocean)

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Datasheet

Christmas Island (Indian Ocean)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 January 2020

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)PresentShivas (1987); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentBellis et al. (2004); Gillespie (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)PresentInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)PresentInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)PresentNativeDrew and Hancock (1994); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera umbrosaPresentBellis et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHarrington (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentBellis et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentFAO (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentBellis et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatachardina pseudolobata (lobate lac scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLake and O'Dowd (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)PresentInvasiveUK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1973)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similisPresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis lupus familiaris (dogs)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGibson-Hill (1950)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)Present, WidespreadNativeAllen and Steene (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentIntroducedSPREP (South Pacific Regional Environment Programme) (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral)PresentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSproul (1983); Lake and O'Dowd (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaEucheuma spp.PresentRussell (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentNativePROTA (2015); Fosberg (1943)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOrchard (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveQueensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveDEH (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015); Weeds of Australia (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2007); Swarbrick (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSwarbrick (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria lupulina (hophead Philippine violet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSwarbrick (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)PresentWCSP (2017); ZipcodeZoo (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOrchard (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedInvasiveQueensland Government (2018); USDA Forest Service (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBougainvillea spectabilis (great bougainvillea)PresentIntroducedSwarbrick (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBreynia disticha (snowbush)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2014); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus)PresentIntroducedSwarbrick (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSwarbrick (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSwarbrick (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWeeds of Australia (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentNativeGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentNativePIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSwarbrick (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGautier (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRivers (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentNativeOrchard (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOrchard (1993); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedGovaerts et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedQueensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationNativePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSwarbrick (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOrchard (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSwarbrick (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)PresentNativePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2009); Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDerris elliptica (tuba root)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedQueensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis amabilis (Japanese lovegrass)PresentNativeMallet (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSimon and Alfonso (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentRandall (2012); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroducedPIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemigraphis alternata (red ivy)PresentIntroducedSwarbrick (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)PresentSwarbrick and Hart (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentNativePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentPIER (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea hederifolia (scarlet-creeper )PresentIntroducedInvasiveQueensland Government (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea nil (white edge morning-glory)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum sambac (Arabian jasmine)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008); Swarbrick (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe blossfeldiana (flaming katy)PresentIntroducedSwarbrick (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)PresentIntroducedQueensland Goverment (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentNativeBeentje and Lansdown (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWeeds of Australia (2012); ILDIS (2007); PIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentHEAR (2012); Raven (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah)PresentPIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacaranga tanarius (parasol leaf tree)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedPIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (creeping sensitive plant)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry)PresentNativeGovaerts (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentNativeILDIS (2014); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry)PresentIntroducedSwarbrick and Hart (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia corymbosa (flat-top mille graines)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedISSG (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine)Present, LocalizedInvasivePuff (1991); Swarbrick (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPentas lanceolata (Egyptian starcluster)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSwarbrick (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHartemink (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentIntroducedPIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea indica (Indian camphorweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterocarpus indicus (red sandalwood)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma macarthurii (Macarthur palm)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSwarbrick (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentIntroducedSwarbrick (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentNativeOrchard (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroducedPIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2016); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWeeds of Australia (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveQueensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHEAR (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)PresentIntroducedMunir (1992); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)PresentBarker and Telford (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Moldenke (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)PresentPuy et al. (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveSwarbrick and Hart (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Mexican sunflower)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriphasia trifolia (limeberry)PresentNativePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSwarbrick (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentNativeOrchard (1993); PIER (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass)PresentIntroducedCSIRO (2010); Simon and Alfonso (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex trifoliaPresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear)PresentIntroducedSwarbrick (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedFlora of Australia (2015)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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