Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Cuba

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Datasheet

Cuba

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Cuba
  • General data
  • Region: Caribbean
  • Area (km2): 110,860
  • Climates: Subtropical, Tropical
  • Capital: Havana
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 11,257,013

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvae Present OIE, 2009.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus thuringiensis kurstaki Present
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas) Present Zamora et al., 2012.
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma palmae (lethal yellowing of coconut) Present Howard and, 1983; CABI/EPPO and, 1998a; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutonius Present OIE, 2009.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening) Widespread EPPO, 2011.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops) Present CABI and EPPO, 1999.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease) Absent, unreliable record CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight) Present Bradbury, 1986; Bradbury, 1986; IMI, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Present Pazos and Hevesi, 1975; Bradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Present IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CPPC; CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present CMI, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish) Present Arnold, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight) Restricted distribution Native Rodriguez and Alfonso, 1978; Isla and Ravelo, 1989; Triana and Diaz, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka) Present Introduced YesVidal, 1992; Jones and Mourichon, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant) Present Arnold, 1986; CABI/EPPO , 2008.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight) Present López et al., 2002.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease) Present Introduced YesArnold, 1986.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAustropuccinia psidii (myrtle rust) Present Seaver and Chardón, 1926; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot) Widespread Native NoCMI, 1980; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora roreri (frosty pod rot) Absent, invalid record Krauss et al., 2010; CABI/EPPO, 2011.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2015; Santana et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014; Martínez de la Parte et al., 2015.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease) Present CABI and EPPO, 1997.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2015; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) Present Díaz et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite) Present OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite) Present Cabrera and McCoy, 1984; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrius cingulatus (pink-spotted hawkmoth) Present Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly) Present EPPO, 2014; Mound and Halsey, 1978; CIE, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly) Present NHM, unda; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma variegatum (tropical bont tick) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly) Widespread Native NoMacquart, 1835; Stone, 1942; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha suspensa (Caribbean fruit fly) Widespread Native Loew, 1862; Stone, 1942; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil) Widespread Warner, 1966; Degrande, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale) Present CIE, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale) Present Native Ballou, 1923; Merrill, 1953; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968; Pospisil, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Present CIE, 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplus Unconfirmed record CAB Abstracts.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCactoblastis cactorum (cactus moth) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid) Present Introduced NoSchotman, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis hellerii Widespread Introduced Gómez and Martínez-Iglesias, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChionaspis pinifoliae (pine leaf scale) Present Introduced YesAlayo Soto, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present CIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present Fontenla Rizo et al., 1987; CIE, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChthamalus proteus Present Southward, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Present OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm) Present Introduced Essig Museum of Entomology, 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite) Widespread Introduced YesHagen, 1858.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Introduced Santamarina-Mijares and Pérez-Pacheco, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly) Present IIE, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale) Present Nakahara, 1982; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer) Present Introduced NoWu et al., 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug) Present Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present CIE, 1966; Ben-Dov, 1994; Martinez et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips) Present Denmark, 1967; Jacot-Guillarmod and Brothers, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHaplaxius crudus (American palm cixiid) Widespread Native Osborn, 1926.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present CIE, 1961.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present CIE, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA)) Present Merrill, 1953; Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid) Present CPPC; IIE, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer) Present CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia) Present CIE, 1957.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps grandicollis (five-spined bark beetle) Restricted distribution Nunberg, 1974; Berrios et al., 1987; Guerra et al., 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle) Present Weiser and Hostounsky, 1967; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Present CABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLissorhoptrus oryzophilus (rice water weevil) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp) Present Introduced NoRosenberry , 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Present Introduced NoCIE, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug) Present Metcalfe & Bruner, 1948; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm) Present Native CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979; Smith and Cermeli, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present Rojas-Izaguirre and Cruz-Ramos, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug) Present Ben-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail) Present Benyamini et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present IIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant) Present Introduced YesKempf, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug) Present Introduced YesWilliams and Willink, 1992; Ben-Dov, 1994; Matienzo et al., 2003; Rodriguez et al., 2003; Ben-Dov et al., 2004; Granara et al., 2007; Kondo et al., 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present Mestre et al., 1991; Angeles Martínez et al., 1992; CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Widespread CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present CIE, 1986; Bernal et al., 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus elisae (banana mealybug) Present Niebla et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug) Present Gimpel and Miller, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite) Present Introduced YesRodríguez et al., 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil) Present Giblin, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer) Present Aviles and Guibert, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present CIE, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil) Present Bruner, 1975; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Aviles and Guibert, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant) Present Native ISSG, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm) Present EPPO, 2018; CABI/EPPO, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant) Present Introduced Wetterer, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Present Yokomi et al., 1994; Anon., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale) Present CIE, 1962; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite) Present OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulus Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer) Present Introduced YesBright, 1985; Wood, 1977; CABI/EPPO and, 1997; EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis sagrei (brown anole) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose) Present, few occurrences Native NoMowbray et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Borghese, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret) Present Introduced NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow) Absent, formerly present Kirwan et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) Present Introduced Shireman and Smith, 1983; Welcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Present Introduced NoWelcomme, 1988; Lever, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus planirostris (greenhouse frog) Widespread Native NoStejneger, 1917; Barbour and Ramsden, 1919; Schwartz, 1974; Schwartz and Henderson, 1991; Díaz and Cádiz, 2008; Powell et al., 2012; González et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes javanicus (small Indian mongoose) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Sugunan, 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLates niloticus (Nile perch) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis macrochirus (bluegill) Present Introduced Burgess and Franz, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass) Present Introduced YesLee et al., 1983; Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus ater (brown-headed cowbird) Present, few occurrences Avibase, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur) Present Introduced YesFAO, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy) Present Introduced Burgess and Franz, 1989; Froese and Pauly, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet) Present Introduced Kirwan, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish) Present Introduced YesChevalier et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog) Present Introduced Teixeira et al., 2001; FAO, 2005; Kraus, 2009; Santos-Barrera et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat) Present Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat) Present Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad) Absent, formerly present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove) Present Introduced YesBirdLife International, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling) Present Natureserve, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Introduced IUCN, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster) Present Alvarez, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster) Localised Native NoFIGIS, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHelisoma duryi Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn) Widespread Introduced YesAguayo and Jaume, 1954; Hunt, 1958; Ferrer et al., 1991; Gutiérrez et al., 1997; Pointier et al., 2005; Fernndez et al., 2006; Simone, 2006; Vázquez and Perera, 2010; Cowie and Hayes, 2012; Horgan et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania) Widespread Introduced YesPerera et al., 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster) Present Native NoLeal, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPlanorbella duryi Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaVeronicella cubensis (Cuban slug) Widespread Native YesMaceira-Filgueira, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaZachrysia provisoria (Cuban brown snail) Present Native NoPilsbry, 1928; Maceira et al., 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode) Present Fernandez, 1967; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode) Present Gandarilla Basterrechea, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm) Present Gandarilla Basterrechea, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode) Absent, intercepted only CABI/EPPO, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present CPPC; Stoyanov, 1967; Siddiqi, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present Fernandez & Ortega, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Widespread Cuadra et al., 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Rivas and Gandarilla, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Widespread Fernandez et al., 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne mayaguensis Widespread Rodriguez et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode) Present Stoyanov, 1967; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Present Stoyanov, 1967; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaScutellonema bradys (yam nematode) Present Decker et al., 1967; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode) Widespread Stoyanov, 1971; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae) Present Native Guiry and Guiry, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum appendiculatum (palm fern) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMacrothelypteris torresiana (swordfern) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern) Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis hirsutula (Asian sword fern) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Restricted distribution Native Seifriz, 1943.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris tripartita Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris vittata Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minima Present, few occurrences Native GBIF, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSelaginella plana Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaThelypteris opulenta (maiden fern) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spicifera Present Native Suárez, 2005; Taylor, 1960; Jong et al., 1999; Cabrera et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaEucheuma spp. Present Introduced Serpa-Madrigal et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformis Present Native Cabrera et al., 2004; Suárez, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaKappaphycus Present Introduced Serpa-Madrigal et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia) Present Introduced Martínez and Pérez, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia macracantha Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthocereus tetragonus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Smithsonian Institution, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002; González-Torres et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene americana (American jointvetch) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp) Present Introduced YesGonzalez-Torres et al., 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave vivipara Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgdestis clematidea (rockroot) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina riparia (mistflower) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Holm et al., 1979; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Robinson, 1913.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Cumba et al., 1992; ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree) Present Introduced YesKrisnawati et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda) Present Introduced González-Torres et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro) Present Introduced YesGonzález-Torres et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger) Present Introduced YesGonzález-Torres et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera halimifolia Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Oviedo et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; León and Alain, 1957.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) Present EPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia peruviana Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmpelopsis arborea (peppervine) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2016; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Oviedo et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine) Present Introduced YesGonzález-Torres et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Widespread Introduced YesSeifriz, 1943; Holm et al., 1979; Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgyreia nervosa (elephant creeper) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; NMNH, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristida ternipes Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Oviedo et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia littoralis (elegant dutchman's pipe) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia ringens (Dutchman’s pipe) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Panama Checklist, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit) Present Introduced Kairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus aethiopicus Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet) Present Introduced YesGonzález-Torres et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi) Present Introduced Morton, 1987; Orwa et al., 2009; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Flora Mesoamericana, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifolius Present Native Giraldo-Cañas, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaccharis halimifolia (groundsel-bush) Present Native Van Deelen, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBatis maritima (saltwort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia tomentosa (yellow bauhinia) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBegonia nelumbiifolia Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack) Present Hudson et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy) Present Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013; SEIFRIZ, 1943.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBontia daphnoides Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa bladhii Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Tóth et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa saccharoides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa subsp. oleifera (turnip rape) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBreynia disticha (snowbush) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromelia pinguin Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia candida (angel's trumpet) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet) Present Introduced Fuentes Fiallo, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja madagascariensis (smokebush) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia bonduc Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia violacea (brasiletto) Present YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repens Present YesGonzález-Torres et al., 2012; Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo) Present Introduced González-Torres et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom) Present Introduced YesWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia ensiformis (gotani bean) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum baccatum (pepper) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Oviedo et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (woodland bittercress) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarludovica palmata Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower) Present Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; ILDIS, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present Introduced YesGonzález-Torres et al., 2012; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia)) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCecropia peltata (trumpet tree) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur) Present Perez et al., 1985; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present Native GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail) Widespread Introduced YesLowden, 1978; Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum diurnum (day jessamine) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Hanelt et al., 2001; PIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaedorea elegans (parlour palm) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCheilocostus speciosus Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot) Widespread Cordero, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Gautier, 1992b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysophyllum oliviforme Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum burmanni (padang cassia) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel) Present Introduced Pino and Fuentes, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium mexicanum (Mexican thistle) Present Introduced YesGonzález-Torres et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitharexylum ellipticum (anacahuita) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome gynandra Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower) Present Introduced Ricardo Nápoles et al., 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower) Present Introduced YesGonzález-Torres et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum speciosissimum (Java glory bower) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea) Present Introduced Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClusia rosea Present Native NoFrancis, 1993; Riffle, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut) Present Introduced Oviedo et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColeus blumei (common coleus) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro) Present Introduced YesGonzález-Torres et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColubrina asiatica (latherleaf) Present Introduced Oviedo et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCopaifera officinalis (copaiba balsam) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia obliqua (clammy cherry) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCostus spicatus (spiked spiralflag ginger) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria maypurensis (rattlebox weed) Present Introduced YesOviedo et al., 2012; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed) Present Introduced YesGonzález-Torres et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCroton argenteus (silver July croton) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine) Present Introduced YesMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003; González-Torres et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia madagascariensis (Madagascar rubbervine) Present Introduced Smithsonian Institution, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea hyssopifolia (false heather) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed) Present Introduced YesGonzález-Torres et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (citronella grass) Present Esquivel et al., 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass) Localised Introduced eMonocot, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979; Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass) Present Introduced YesGonzález-Torres et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon plectostachyus (African stargrass) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus alternifolius (Umbrella flatsedge) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge) Present Wazniak, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Holm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalea scandens (low prairie clover) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Groom, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura inoxia (Downy Thornapple) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura) Present Introduced YesOviedo et al., 2012; Acevedo-Rodriguez, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem) Present Introduced YesGonzález-Torres et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium caricosum (nadi blue grass) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; PIER, 1999; Moyroud, 2000; Hernández, 2002; Fournet, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDieffenbachia seguine Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass) Present Introduced YesCatasús Guerra, 2015; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; New York Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; García et al., 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria eriantha (pangola grass) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoCatasús Guerra, 2015; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; Oviedo-Prieto, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass) Present YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass) Present Introduced Relova and Pohlan, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe) Present Native NYBG, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam) Present Introduced YesGonzález-Torres et al., 2012; FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato) Present Introduced YesGonzález-Torres et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDombeya wallichii (pink ball) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Smithsonian Museum of Natural History, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1997; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDypsis lutescens Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Holm et al., 1979; Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Antigua & Armenta-Soto, 1993; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinodorus grisebachii Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Widespread Introduced YesGopal, 1987; Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia paniculata Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979; Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower) Present Rodriguez et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEntada gigas Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpidendrum radicans Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis ciliaris Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis tenella (Japanese lovegrass) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina berteroana (coralbean) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; ILDIS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina poeppigiana (coral tree) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia) Present Crespo-Mesa and Dierksmeier, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge ) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia trigona Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Toral and Simón, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Oviedo et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Oviedo et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia lineata Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus americana (white ash) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalphimia glauca Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGarcia nutans Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia ) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002; WAC, 2005; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlycosmis parviflora Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush) Present Introduced Oviedo et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena globosa (Globe amaranth) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGossypium barbadense (Gallini cotton) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak) Present Introduced Oviedo et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHaematoxylum campechianum (logwood) Present Introduced YesLeon and Alain, 1952.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily) Present Introduced Oviedo et al., 2012; Adams, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily) Present Introduced YesFinlay, 2004; Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelenium quadridentatum Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Labrada, 1975; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeteropogon contortus (black speargrass) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus elatus (blue mahoe) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass) Widespread Introduced YesOviedo et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis alata Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis spicigera Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva, 2015; GRIIS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita subsp. scabra (Asian Indigo) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInga punctata Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory) Present Introduced YesSnyder et al., 1981; Pino et al., 1996; Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning-glory) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea hederifolia Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea nil Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea obscura Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Widespread Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (Cupid's-flower) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea sagittata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory) Restricted distribution Ordetx, 1949; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass) Restricted distribution Introduced YesAntigua, 1993; Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIxora finlaysoniana (white jungle flame) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIxora thwaitesii Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda) Present Introduced Kairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine) Present Introduced YesGonzález-Torres et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum sambac (arabian jasmine) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Present Introduced NoKairo et al., 2003; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush) Widespread Native NoAcuña, 1974, received 1984; CSIRO, 1998; Ocampo and Balick, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut) Present Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone) Present Introduced YesGonzález-Torres et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant) Present Introduced YesGonzález-Torres et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe integra Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Acuna, 1974; González-Torres et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLablab purpureus (hyacinth bean) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle) Present Introduced YesOviedo et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Present Native Sharma et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLaunaea intybacea Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass) Present Pyrah, 1969.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed) Present Introduced YesGonzález-Torres et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Britton, 1906.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa mucronata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases; Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa nealleyi (Nealley's sprangletop) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Barkworth et al., 2007; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; Smithsonian Museum of Natural History, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifolia Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Kairo et al., 2003; ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera confusa Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose) Present Native USDA-ARS, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa acutangula (angled luffa) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMammea americana (mamey apple) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango) Present Introduced Oviedo et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMartynia annua (devil's claw) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Widespread Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Kairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelicoccus bijugatus (Spanish lime) Present Introduced González-Torres et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (Yellow sweet clover) Present Introduced Acevedo and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia cissoides Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Colon and Amarales, 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint) Widespread Native USDA-ARS, 2013; Salgado, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine) Present Native Queensland Government, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant) Present Native Barneby, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa) Restricted distribution Introduced YesUphoff, 1924.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock) Present Introduced Oviedo-Prieto et al., 2012; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd) Present Introduced YesScholz, 1988; Holm et al., 1997; Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Garcia et al., unda.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; NMNH, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry) Present Native Rodríguez Fuentes, 2000; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum pinnatum Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeomarica caerulea (walking iris) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean) Present Introduced Monzote and Garcia, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana plumbaginifolia Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; Oviedo et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNopalea cochenillifera Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea ampla (dot-leaf water-lily) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema callistachyum (purple firespike) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema cuspidatum (Cardinal’s guard) Present Introduced YesOviedo et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema tubaeforme Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid) Present Introduced YesGonzález-Torres et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Hernandez and Emmel, 1993; USDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979; Labrada, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Holm et al., 1991; Acuna, 1974.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPachystachys coccinea Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass) Present Introduced NoHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1991; Navie et al., 1996; Evans, 1997b; Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2018; USDA-ARS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium) Localised Native Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012; Fraga and Quesada, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum densum (dense crowngrass) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Widespread Native Labrada, 1975; Chase, 1929.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum millegrana Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum notatum (bahiagrass) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum virgatum Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit) Present Introduced Killip, 1938; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower) Present Native NoKillip, 1938; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass) Present Introduced YesGonzález-Torres et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed) Present Native Acuna, 1974; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid) Present Introduced eMonocot, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; USDA-APHIS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys bambusoides (castillon bamboo) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys flexuosa Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice) Present Native Seidemann, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine) Present Native NoAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine) Present Introduced NoBerrios et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper) Present Native Starr et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper auritum Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present Introduced YesGonzález-Torres et al., 2012; USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind) Present Introduced YesMcVaugh, 1987; Parrotta, 1991; AFFA, 2000; Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood) Present Introduced YesOviedo et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage) Present Lukhoba et al., 2006; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolyalthia suberosa Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Liogier, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick) Present Native Alain and Leon, 1951; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2015; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed) Present Wagner and Lorence, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton diversifolius Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis glandulosa (honey mesquite) Present Introduced Johnston, 1962.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite) Present Johnston, 1962; Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava) Widespread Introduced Cuadra and Quincosa, 1982; Pino et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002; USDA-ARS, 2012; FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma elegans Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma macarthurii (Macarthur palm) Present Introduced Oviedo et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPyracantha coccinea (Scarlet firethorn) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRauvolfia caffra (quinine tree ) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReutealis trisperma (Philippine tung) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Oviedo et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Present Introduced YesGutierrez and Gonzalez, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia macrophylla (large leaved ruellia) Present Introduced YesOviedo and Gonzalez-Oliva, 2015; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; New York Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRytidostylis carthagenensis Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria graminea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia coccinea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia occidentalis (West Indian sage) Present Native Smithsonian Institution, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia speciosa (shrubby whitevein) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria hyacinthoides (African bowstring hemp) Present Introduced YesGonzález-Torres et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue) Present Introduced YesGonzález-Torres et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree) Present Introduced YesGonzález-Torres et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Martinez et al., 1996; Kairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSechium edule (chayote) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Present Introduced Fawcett & Rendle, 1936.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Méndez Santos et al., 2000; Pérez Montesino et al., 2010; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Holm et al., 1979; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna) Present Introduced Irwin and Barneby, 1982; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania cannabina (corkwood tree) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sericea (silky sesban) Present Introduced YesGonzález-Torres et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail) Present Native YesLabrada, 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida) Present Native YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Holm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida linifolia (flaxleaf fanpetals) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez, 1996; Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum quitoense (naranjilla) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry) Present Almaguel et al., 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Restricted distribution Introduced YesHolm et al., 1991; Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Present Introduced YesDíaz et al., 2004; Kairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid) Present Introduced YesGonzález-Torres et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphenoclea zeylanica (wedgewort) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Holm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus indicus (rat tail grass) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Acevedo-Rodriguez et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus tenuissimus (tropical dropseed) Widespread Introduced YesCatasús Guerra, 1997; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed) Present, few occurrences Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain) Present Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia apetala (Panama tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella) Present Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine) Present Introduced YesGonzalez-Torres et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum) Present Introduced NoMorton, 1987; Kairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple) Present Introduced YesSeifriz, 1943.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia heterophylla (pink trumpet tree) Present USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia rosea (pink poui) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (African marigold) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTalipariti tiliaceum Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Present Introduced León and Alain, 1974.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia) Present Introduced NoKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalia geniculata (alligator flag) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda arguens (Christmas grass) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda quadrivalvis (grader grass) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet) Present Introduced González-Torres et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; USDA-ARS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToxicodendron succedaneum (wax tree) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachypogon spicatus Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily) Present Introduced YesGonzález-Torres et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons) Present Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrimezia steyermarkii Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriphasia trifolia (limeberry) Present Introduced González-Torres et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriplaris americana Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTripsacum dactyloides (eastern gamagrass (USA)) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTripsacum latifolium Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta bogotensis Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Fernández et al., 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail) Widespread Native Fraga and Kvet, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Present Introduced YesGonzález-Torres et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena sinuata (bur mallow) Present Introduced YesGonzález-Torres et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa brizantha (palisadegrass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass) Present Introduced YesGonzález-Torres et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa platyphylla (broadleaf signalgrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria spiralis (eelweed) Present Introduced Lowden, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena) Localised Introduced UPRRP, 2016; New York Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard) Present Introduced Feenstra and Clements, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaViguiera dentata (sunflower goldeneye) Present Introduced YesOviedo et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZelkova serrata (Japanese selkova) Present Introduced YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber montanum (cassumunar ginger) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; Hammer et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber zerumbet (shampoo ginger) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoCatasús Guerra, 1997; eMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bovis Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium catenatum Present Leal et al., 2003.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusBanana streak disease Present Native YesDiekmann and Putter, 1996; Hernandez et al., 2002.
Virusbluetongue virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine arteritis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
Virusmyxoma virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPapaya ringspot virus Present Acu±a & Zayas, 1940; CABI/EPPO, 2003; Mederos et al., 2015; Rodríguez-Martínez et al., 2015.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato) Absent, unreliable record CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2018.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca) Present ISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl) Widespread Martinez-Zubiaur et al., 1996; EPPO, 2014.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusWest Nile virus Last reported OIE, 2005.
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees Present OIE, 2009.
actinomycosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
American foulbrood of honey bees Present OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis Reported present or known to be present Delgado et al., 1976; Roman Suárez HdlN, 1984; Cordoves et al., 1989; Rodriguez et al., 1989; Rodriguez et al., 1989; Cordovés et al., 1991; Fadraga et al., 1991; Camus and Barré, 1995; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
anthrax Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
atrophic rhinitis of swine Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aujeszky's disease Present OIE, 2009.
avian adenoviruses infections Widespread Menéndez et al., 1983.
avian chlamydiosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Guilarte et al., 1989.
avian influenza Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian leukosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Present OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian tuberculosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avipox Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
babesiosis Present OIE, 2009; Pino and Salabarría, 1989; Rodriguez et al., 1989; Fadraga et al., 1991.
blackleg Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
Borrelia anserina infections Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
botulism Disease not reported Boado et al., 1992; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine adenoviruses infections Present Nunez and Castell, 1985.
bovine anaplasmosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Present OIE, 2009.
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infection Present Núnez and Castell, 1987.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea Present OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Present OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis Disease not reported Ruíz et al., 1995; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Chytridiomycosis Present Díaz et al., 2007.
classical swine fever Present OIE, 2009.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestation Present OIE, 2009.
contagious agalactia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultry Present Nunez et al., 2003.
Denman island disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dourine Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
encephalomyocarditis Present Ramos et al., 1983.
enzootic abortion of ewes Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 1999.
eperythrozoonosis in pigs Present Cruz et al., 1985.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine infectious anaemia Present OIE, 2009.
equine influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
European foulbrood Present OIE, 2009.
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtles Present Moncada and Prieto, 2000.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
fowl cholera Present OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Reported present or known to be present Boado et al., 1992; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
giardiasis Present Meneses-Marcel et al., 1994.
glanders Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
hepatitis E virus infection Widespread Montalvo et al., 2013.
horse pox Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious bursal disease Present OIE, 2009.
infectious coryza Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
infectious salmon anaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
koi herpesvirus disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis Present OIE, 2009.
listeriosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
malignant catarrhal fever Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Marek's disease Present OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Mycoplasma hyorhinis infections Present Bulnes et al., 1999.
myxomatosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Newcastle disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Nipah virus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
paratuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
Pasteurella multocida infections Present Karaivanov, 1974.
peste des petits ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
rabies Present OIE, 2009.
red sea bream iridoviral disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Rift Valley fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
scrapie Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
small hive beetle infestation Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Staphylococcus hyicus infection Present Gonzalez and Urquiaga, 1986.
strangles Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
surra Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine influenza Present Barrera et al., 1983.
swine vesicular disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
theileriosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
toxoplasmosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection Present OIE, 2009.
Trichinella Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis Present OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
tuberculosis Disease never reported Kantor INde, 1988; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
tularaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
varroosis of honey bees Present OIE, 2009.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever Restricted distribution OIE, 2009; OIE, 2005.
white spot disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
yellow head disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Agave Fibres Nes Area Harvested 8548 Im 7899 Im 8124 Im 7877 Im 8488 Im
Agave Fibres Nes Production Quantity 3852 Im 3342 Im 3775 Im 3202 Im 3308 Im
Agave Fibres Nes Yield 4506.32 Fc 4230.92 Fc 4646.73 Fc 4065 Fc 3897.27 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 281 Im 351 Im 328 Im 281 Im 319 Im
Avocados Production Quantity 3697 Im 3535 Im 3512 Im 3409 Im 3879 Im
Avocados Yield 131566 Fc 100712 Fc 107073 Fc 121317 Fc 121599 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 28474 27152 33034 23413 28375
Bananas Production Quantity 250000 249200 245400 280800 385900
Bananas Yield 87799.4 Fc 91779.6 Fc 74287.1 Fc 119933 Fc 136000 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 123914 112712 150584 95306 83793
Beans, dry Production Quantity 133000 80439 110800 97200 97200
Beans, dry Seed 6195.7 Fc 3717.42 Fc 1700 F 2300 3100
Beans, dry Yield 10733.3 Fc 7136.68 Fc 7358.02 Fc 10198.7 Fc 11600 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 8450 7090 8348 10970 9028
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 162857 134640 160285 186700 182343
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 192730 Fc 189901 Fc 192004 Fc 170191 Fc 201975 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 81272.7 72983 59582 52584 57385
Cassava Production Quantity 485708 405896 315784 339600 379100
Cassava Yield 59762.8 Fc 55615.1 Fc 52999.9 Fc 64582.4 Fc 66062.6 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 351512 A 402165 A 419902 A 285011 A 277892 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 732047 A 627771 A 681018 A 616992 A 663082 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 18152.1 A 18152.1 A 16355.1 A 18709.4 A 14697 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 20825.7 Fc 15609.8 Fc 16218.5 Fc 21648 Fc 23861.2 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 351512 A 402165 A 419902 A 285011 A 277892 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 920658 A 779086 A 868697 A 762180 A 809469 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 18152.1 A 18152.1 A 16355.1 A 18709.4 A 14697 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 26191.4 Fc 19372.3 Fc 20688.1 Fc 26742.1 Fc 29128.9 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 5618 5797 7227 6968 5850
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 55057 44545 56672 63677 55807
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 98001.1 Fc 76841.5 Fc 78417.1 Fc 91384.9 Fc 95396.6 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 458 Im 572 Im 535 Im 500 F 500 F
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 2451 Im 2344 Im 2329 Im 2443 Im 2500 F
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 53515.3 Fc 40979 Fc 43532.7 Fc 48860 Fc 50000 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 33849 A 43721 A 48456 A 46135 A 49354 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 266951 A 347344 A 420329 A 394243 A 471500 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 78865.3 Fc 79445.6 Fc 86744.5 Fc 85454.2 Fc 95534.3 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 143466 A 225736 A 204151 A 129497 A 141793 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 354258 A 324686 A 305097 A 326180 A 369869 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 3588.87 A 3588.87 A 4005.12 A 3606.8 A 3811 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 24692.8 Fc 14383.4 Fc 14944.7 Fc 25188.2 Fc 26085.1 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 5153 5114 5089 3800 2758
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 1510 1709 1387 1149 1379
Cocoa beans Yield 2930.33 Fc 3341.81 Fc 2725.49 Fc 3023.68 Fc 5000 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 18100 20609 22850 30844 34163
Coconuts Production Quantity 65545 72131 78148 105605 124627
Coconuts Yield 36212.7 Fc 34999.8 Fc 34200.4 Fc 34238.4 Fc 36480.1 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 26935 Im 26731 Im 26600 F 20800 F 45000 F
Coffee, green Production Quantity 8688 Im 9833 Im 7980 * 6240 * 13500 *
Coffee, green Yield 3225.54 Fc 3678.5 Fc 3000 Fc 3000 Fc 3000 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity
Cottonseed Production Quantity
Cottonseed Seed
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 9752 9662 11377 16794 17527
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 94075 92700 110357 139290 154294
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 96467.4 Fc 95942.9 Fc 97000.1 Fc 82940.3 Fc 88032.2 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 11892 A 10999 A 11105 A 11277 A 12010 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 15049 A 12830 A 13890 A 13528 A 13645 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 12654.7 Fc 11664.7 Fc 12507.9 Fc 11996.1 Fc 11361.4 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 193525 A 241888 A 226192 A 184455 A 220218 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1880400 A 1798070 A 1786220 A 1812030 A 2149250 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 97165.5 Fc 74334.6 Fc 78969.1 Fc 98236.7 Fc 97596.6 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 21500 31219 20343 16845 24070
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 354540 285792 233932 259408 319876
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 164902 Fc 91544.3 Fc 114994 Fc 153997 Fc 132894 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 494 Im 617 Im 577 Im 495 Im 561 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 3290 Im 3146 Im 3125 Im 3278 Im 3800 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 66599.2 Fc 50988.7 Fc 54159.4 Fc 66222.2 Fc 67736.2 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 3650 4679 5509 4596 4378
Garlic Production Quantity 26000 33779 40213 34782 34832
Garlic Yield 71232.9 Fc 72192.8 Fc 72995.1 Fc 75678.9 Fc 79561.4 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 11093 13075 12424 13207 13875
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 112000 137660 121500 166100 140000
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 100965 Fc 105285 Fc 97794.6 Fc 125767 Fc 100901 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 1369 Im 1711 Im 1600 F 1700 F 1700 F
Grapes Production Quantity 20002 Im 19126 Im 19000 F 20000 F 20000 F
Grapes Yield 146107 Fc 111783 Fc 118750 Fc 117647 Fc 117647 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 5298 Im 6032 Im 6688 Im 9028 Im 10000 F
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 5260 Im 5788 Im 6271 Im 8474 Im 10000 F
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 397.35 Fc 397.35 Fc 452.4 Fc 501.6 Fc 677.1 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 9928.27 Fc 9595.49 Fc 9376.5 Fc 9386.35 Fc 10000 Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Area Harvested 1803 A 1676 A 1507 A 1876 A 2022 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Production Quantity 10787 A 9132 A 9711 A 10000 A 10000 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Yield 59828.1 Fc 54486.9 Fc 64439.3 Fc 53304.9 Fc 49456 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 836 879 1116 898 1041
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 6600 6060 8300 5400 6000
Lemons and limes Yield 78947.4 Fc 68942 Fc 74372.8 Fc 60133.6 Fc 57636.9 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 143318 225608 203981 129222 141303
Maize Production Quantity 354000 324463 304800 325700 368800
Maize Seed 3582.95 Fc 3582.95 Fc 4000 F 3600 3800
Maize Yield 24700.3 Fc 14381.7 Fc 14942.6 Fc 25204.7 Fc 26099.9 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 29531 30790 37276 24972 29819
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 185000 203595 269300 228700 198000
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 62646 Fc 66123.7 Fc 72244.9 Fc 91582.6 Fc 66400.6 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 23398 A 26641 A 29538 A 39872 A 44163 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 7242.4 A 7969.92 A 8634.82 A 11668.5 A 13770.2 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 150.99 A 150.99 A 171.91 A 190.61 A 257.3 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 3095.31 Fc 2991.6 Fc 2923.29 Fc 2926.49 Fc 3118.03 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 23398 A 26641 A 29538 A 39872 A 44163 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 10098.9 A 11113.4 A 12040.5 A 16270.9 A 19201.5 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 119.2 A 119.2 A 135.72 A 150.48 A 203.13 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 4316.12 Fc 4171.55 Fc 4076.29 Fc 4080.77 Fc 4347.87 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 10713 9766 11586 11057 8877
Onions, dry Production Quantity 143500 111737 131300 128100 105100
Onions, dry Yield 133949 Fc 114414 Fc 113326 Fc 115854 Fc 118396 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 18988 26046 31907 30628 32595
Oranges Production Quantity 122900 178263 261000 200400 302800
Oranges Yield 64725.1 Fc 68441.6 Fc 81800.2 Fc 65430.3 Fc 92897.7 Fc
Other Bastfibres Area Harvested 1803 Im 1676 Im 1507 Im 1876 Im 2022 Im
Other Bastfibres Production Quantity 10787 Im 9132 Im 9711 Im 10000 F 10000 F
Other Bastfibres Yield 59828.1 Fc 54486.9 Fc 64439.3 Fc 53304.9 Fc 49456 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 6217 Im 6950 Im 8184 Im 7611 Im 6779 Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 48096 Im 46807 Im 55721 Im 53327 Im 56906 Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 77362.1 Fc 67348.2 Fc 68085.3 Fc 70065.7 Fc 83944.5 Fc
Papayas Area Harvested 5800 7979 5427 4406 6016
Papayas Production Quantity 135000 135707 95700 89400 89700
Papayas Yield 232759 Fc 170080 Fc 176341 Fc 202905 Fc 149102 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 5850 6293 5766 5991 5907
Pineapples Production Quantity 76915 64820 70920 55387 51597
Pineapples Yield 131479 Fc 103003 Fc 122997 Fc 92450.3 Fc 87348.9 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 66377 92055 73385 60217 74097
Plantains Production Quantity 585000 485800 425000 477400 605000
Plantains Yield 88132.9 Fc 52772.8 Fc 57913.7 Fc 79279.9 Fc 81649.7 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 7365 8671 12480 9789 9769
Potatoes Production Quantity 165600 191500 278600 196100 143700
Potatoes Seed 7365 Fc 7365 Fc 24000 F 34600 26100
Potatoes Yield 224847 Fc 220851 Fc 223237 Fc 200327 Fc 147098 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 123914 A 112712 A 150584 A 95306 A 83793 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 133000 A 80439 A 110800 A 97200 A 97200 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 6195.7 A 3717.42 A 1700 A 2300 A 3100 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 10733.3 Fc 7136.68 Fc 7358.02 Fc 10198.7 Fc 11600 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 56788 56597 66644 73038 72240
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 340328 347082 413191 422480 455500
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 59929.6 Fc 61325.2 Fc 61999.7 Fc 57843.9 Fc 63053.7 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 208046 176429 215751 155514 136099
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 566400 454400 563600 436000 439600
Rice, paddy Seed 14563.2 Fc 14563.2 Fc 12350 Fc 15102.6 Fc 10886 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 27224.8 Fc 25755.4 Fc 26122.7 Fc 28036.1 Fc 32300 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 200993 A 243834 A 246033 A 196122 A 203935 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1445000 A 1515000 A 1565600 A 1392500 A 1378600 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 7365 A 7365 A 24000 A 34600 A 26100 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 71893.2 Fc 62132.4 Fc 63633.7 Fc 71001.7 Fc 67600 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested
Seed cotton Production Quantity
Seed cotton Yield
Sisal Area Harvested 1541 Im 1424 Im 1474 Im 1524 Im 1500 Im
Sisal Production Quantity 410 Im 356 Im 404 Im 326 Im 337 Im
Sisal Yield 2660.61 Fc 2500 Fc 2740.84 Fc 2139.11 Fc 2246.67 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 148 128 170 275 490
Sorghum Production Quantity 258 223 297 480 1069
Sorghum Seed 5.92 Fc 5.92 Fc 5.12 Fc 6.8 Fc 11 Fc
Sorghum Yield 17432.4 Fc 17421.9 Fc 17470.6 Fc 17454.5 Fc 21816.3 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 506100 431400 434700 380300 329500
Sugar cane Production Quantity 15800000 11500000 14900000 15700000 11900000
Sugar cane Yield 312191 Fc 266574 Fc 342765 Fc 412832 Fc 361153 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 45638 79792 78496 58934 64385
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 311900 384743 437100 375000 414000
Sweet potatoes Yield 68342.2 Fc 48218.2 Fc 55684.4 Fc 63630.5 Fc 64300.7 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 2474 3149 2474 902 1343
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 23000 23017 27200 19900 20200
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 92966.9 Fc 73093.1 Fc 109943 Fc 220621 Fc 150410 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 13631 20256 24861 23048 22858
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 19900 20500 25200 21500 25600
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 14599.1 Fc 10120.5 Fc 10136.4 Fc 9328.36 Fc 11199.6 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 54955 49057 69170 62124 57082
Tomatoes Production Quantity 601000 517040 750000 575900 627900
Tomatoes Yield 109362 Fc 105396 Fc 108429 Fc 92701.7 Fc 110000 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 54814 87091 90660 64977 49023
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 724085 807507 824872 828000 922601
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 132099 Fc 92719.9 Fc 90985.2 Fc 127430 Fc 188198 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 217827 A 243517 A 286745 A 266684 A 237542 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 2248100 A 2187840 A 2604520 A 2492630 A 2659910 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 103206 Fc 89843.5 Fc 90830.6 Fc 93467.4 Fc 111976 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 217827 A 243517 A 286745 A 266684 A 237542 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2248100 A 2187840 A 2604520 A 2492630 A 2659910 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 103206 Fc 89843.5 Fc 90830.6 Fc 93467.4 Fc 111976 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 6870 6828 8040 8549 6758
Watermelons Production Quantity 53098 52005 61910 60371 64623
Watermelons Yield 77289.7 Fc 76164.3 Fc 77002.5 Fc 70617.6 Fc 95624.4 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 50475 62593 68448 48234 51061
Yams Production Quantity 349692 395461 334716 241800 234000
Yams Yield 69280.2 Fc 63179.8 Fc 48900.8 Fc 50130.6 Fc 45827.5 Fc
Yautia (cocoyam) Area Harvested 16242 19795 27027 26581 21335
Yautia (cocoyam) Production Quantity 132100 137400 199400 240000 207800
Yautia (cocoyam) Yield 81332.4 Fc 69411.5 Fc 73778.1 Fc 90290.1 Fc 97398.6 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Agave Fibres Nes Area Harvested 8522 Im 8496 Im 8242 Im 8147 Im 8289 Im
Agave Fibres Nes Production Quantity 2612 Im 2991 Im 4284 Im 4087 Im 3963 Im
Agave Fibres Nes Yield 3065.01 Fc 3520.48 Fc 5197.77 Fc 5016.57 Fc 4781.04 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 306 Im 295 Im 341 Im 381 Im 350 F
Avocados Production Quantity 3770 Im 3741 Im 4410 Im 4441 Im 3500 F
Avocados Yield 123203 Fc 126814 Fc 129326 Fc 116562 Fc 100000 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 25780 18610 33996 29583 27136
Bananas Production Quantity 339517 289013 454200 315400 206900
Bananas Yield 131698 Fc 155300 Fc 133604 Fc 106615 Fc 76245.6 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 76740 94821 112201 106779 100227
Beans, dry Production Quantity 70600 106200 132900 127000 107300
Beans, dry Seed 2800 2800 3000 3600 1600
Beans, dry Yield 9199.9 Fc 11200 Fc 11844.8 Fc 11893.7 Fc 10705.7 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 8923 10497 9215 7160 6747
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 172830 256450 222476 184277 159327
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 193690 Fc 244308 Fc 241428 Fc 257370 Fc 236145 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 79648 123769 124477 100780 63300 F
Cassava Production Quantity 450000 675785 745617 720579 348000
Cassava Yield 56498.6 Fc 54600.5 Fc 59900 Fc 71500.2 Fc 54976.3 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 267397 A 285839 A 304417 A 337417 A 320561 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 599530 A 609786 A 726565 A 837594 A 770743 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 12446.5 A 13294.4 A 11926.3 A 13603.1 A 16244.8 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 22421 Fc 21333.2 Fc 23867.4 Fc 24823.7 Fc 24043.6 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 267397 A 285839 A 304417 A 337417 A 320561 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 744119 A 732197 A 889369 A 1075960 A 1001180 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 12446.5 A 13294.4 A 11926.3 A 13603.1 A 16244.8 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 27828.3 Fc 25615.7 Fc 29215.5 Fc 31888 Fc 31232.1 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 6851 7121 8586 11333 10078
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 62141 81815 91722 68000 61427
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 90703.6 Fc 114893 Fc 106827 Fc 60001.8 Fc 60951.6 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 500 F 500 F 500 F 450 F 430 F
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 2500 F 3500 F 3500 F 3500 F 3500 F
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 50000 Fc 70000 Fc 70000 Fc 77777.8 Fc 81395.4 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 55923 A 56749 A 58661 A 69502 A 71767 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 375500 A 558100 A 805200 A 796200 A 481201 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 67145.9 Fc 98345.4 Fc 137263 Fc 114558 Fc 67050.4 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 124568 A 158642 A 146591 A 132817 A 122616 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 309919 A 364597 A 400469 A 360155 A 309179 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 2919.6 A 3296.32 A 3022.52 A 2555.28 A 1922.8 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 24879.5 Fc 22982.4 Fc 27318.8 Fc 27116.6 Fc 25215.2 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 3999 4054 5784 6600 6595
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 2120 2067 1846 1500 1301
Cocoa beans Yield 5301.33 Fc 5098.67 Fc 3191.56 Fc 2272.73 Fc 1972.71 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 24218 27808 25342 23444 26432
Coconuts Production Quantity 103859 113817 119273 110595 108592
Coconuts Yield 42885 Fc 40929.6 Fc 47065.3 Fc 47174.1 Fc 41083.5 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 28000 F 36000 F 43818 Im 50000 F 49000 F
Coffee, green Production Quantity 8400 * 10800 * 15240 * 15000 * 14700 *
Coffee, green Yield 3000 Fc 3000 Fc 3478.02 Fc 3000 Fc 3000 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity
Cottonseed Production Quantity
Cottonseed Seed
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 17550 25081 34666 29994 25473
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 155671 219460 365471 347239 300226
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 88701.4 Fc 87500.5 Fc 105426 Fc 115769 Fc 117860 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 12062 A 11820 A 11276 A 11677 A 11234 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 12878 A 13221 A 14484 A 8882 A 8358 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 10676.5 Fc 11185.3 Fc 12845 Fc 7606.41 Fc 7439.91 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 211151 A 207855 A 242892 A 271595 A 250539 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1916070 A 2064160 A 2838940 A 2706360 A 1920600 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 90743.9 Fc 99307.8 Fc 116881 Fc 99646.8 Fc 76658.7 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 9198 12854 17669 17841 15627
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 198766 201914 289419 303062 260520
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 216097 Fc 157083 Fc 163800 Fc 169868 Fc 166711 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 538 Im 519 Im 600 F 1250 F 1900 F
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 3355 Im 3639 Im 5000 F 10000 F 15000 F
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 62360.6 Fc 70115.6 Fc 83333.3 Fc 80000 Fc 78947.4 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 4128 5682 4278 4390 2500
Garlic Production Quantity 33560 50970 58514 36633 31674
Garlic Yield 81298.4 Fc 89704.3 Fc 136779 Fc 83446.5 Fc 126696 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 16272 20809 17103 19610 22710
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 169556 134090 225000 227800 137312
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 104201 Fc 64438.5 Fc 131556 Fc 116165 Fc 60463.2 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 1600 F 1700 F 1700 F 1850 F 1800 F
Grapes Production Quantity 19000 F 20000 F 20000 F 22000 F 21000 F
Grapes Yield 118750 Fc 117647 Fc 117647 Fc 118919 Fc 116667 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 23823 Im 27354 Im 24928 Im 23061 Im 26000 F
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 24868 Im 27252 Im 28558 Im 26480 Im 26000 F
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 750 Fc 1786.72 Fc 2051.55 Fc 1869.6 Fc 1729.57 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 10438.7 Fc 9962.71 Fc 11456.2 Fc 11482.6 Fc 10000 Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Area Harvested 2030 A 2024 A 1890 A 1847 A 1875 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Production Quantity 10000 A 10000 A 10000 A 4510 A 4208 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Yield 49261.1 Fc 49407.1 Fc 52910.1 Fc 24418 Fc 22442.7 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 1322 2866 4109 3560 2842
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 6134 8028 22000 26700 16062
Lemons and limes Yield 46399.4 Fc 28011.2 Fc 53541 Fc 75000 Fc 56516.5 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 122160 155579 145209 132247 122240
Maize Production Quantity 305400 362500 398700 360000 309000
Maize Seed 2900 3200 2900 2500 1900
Maize Yield 25000 Fc 23300.1 Fc 27457 Fc 27221.8 Fc 25278.1 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 34958 30184 31797 46763 42008
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 308209 370335 334701 297411 265338
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 88165.5 Fc 122692 Fc 105262 Fc 63599.6 Fc 63163.7 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 48041 A 55162 A 50270 A 46505 A 52432 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 17758.6 A 19461.1 A 20393.9 A 18910 A 18567.4 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 285 A 678.95 A 779.59 A 710.45 A 657.24 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 3696.54 Fc 3527.99 Fc 4056.87 Fc 4066.23 Fc 3541.23 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 48041 A 55162 A 50270 A 46505 A 52432 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 20962.1 A 22971.8 A 24072.9 A 22321.3 A 21917 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 225 A 536.02 A 615.47 A 560.88 A 518.87 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 4363.37 Fc 4164.43 Fc 4788.72 Fc 4799.77 Fc 4180.07 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 7892 8722 9552 7924 7409
Onions, dry Production Quantity 111990 129428 145100 101700 91882
Onions, dry Yield 141903 Fc 148393 Fc 151905 Fc 128344 Fc 124014 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 36032 30711 34879 43097 43418
Oranges Production Quantity 178357 389469 495000 492200 296612
Oranges Yield 49499.6 Fc 126817 Fc 141919 Fc 114207 Fc 68315.4 Fc
Other Bastfibres Area Harvested 2030 Im 2024 Im 1890 Im 1847 Im 1875 Im
Other Bastfibres Production Quantity 10000 F 10000 F 10000 F 4510 Im 4208 Im
Other Bastfibres Yield 49261.1 Fc 49407.1 Fc 52910.1 Fc 24418 Fc 22442.7 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 6807 Im 8400 F 9769 8379 7260
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 58417 Im 75000 F 90885 74599 64499
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 85819 Fc 89285.7 Fc 93034.1 Fc 89030.9 Fc 88841.6 Fc
Papayas Area Harvested 4480 5901 6088 6688 5429
Papayas Production Quantity 90309 91797 119000 120100 107240
Papayas Yield 201583 Fc 155562 Fc 195466 Fc 179575 Fc 197532 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 4026 4262 3015 4089 3202
Pineapples Production Quantity 45357 41137 45607 40543 36900
Pineapples Yield 112660 Fc 96520.4 Fc 151267 Fc 99151.4 Fc 115240 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 74342 76781 89025 93648 81320
Plantains Production Quantity 532283 484487 761400 797200 523000
Plantains Yield 71599.2 Fc 63099.9 Fc 85526.5 Fc 85127.3 Fc 64313.8 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 11615 12316 12451 12707 12795
Potatoes Production Quantity 286200 313100 328700 304600 329713
Potatoes Seed 27600 12500 13200 12400 13000
Potatoes Yield 246406 Fc 254222 Fc 263995 Fc 239710 Fc 257689 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 76740 A 94821 A 112201 A 106779 A 100227 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 70600 A 106200 A 132900 A 127000 A 107300 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 2800 A 2800 A 3000 A 3600 A 1600 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 9199.9 Fc 11200 Fc 11844.8 Fc 11893.7 Fc 10705.7 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 70650 89304 93459 68774 65804
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 446506 550111 517151 481784 416555
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 63199.7 Fc 61599.8 Fc 55334.5 Fc 70053.2 Fc 63302.4 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 142829 127197 157826 204600 197945
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 434200 367600 488900 715800 692000
Rice, paddy Seed 9526.93 Fc 9998.03 Fc 8903.79 Fc 11047.8 Fc 14322 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 30400 Fc 28900 Fc 30977.2 Fc 34985.3 Fc 34959.2 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 182972 A 251648 A 245226 A 210945 A 171349 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1330200 A 1801800 A 1946400 A 1843600 A 1437010 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 27600 A 12500 A 13200 A 12400 A 13000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 72699.6 Fc 71600 Fc 79371.7 Fc 87397.2 Fc 83864.7 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested
Seed cotton Production Quantity
Seed cotton Yield
Sisal Area Harvested 1510 Im 1300 F 1144 1683 1070
Sisal Production Quantity 266 Im 230 F 200 285 187
Sisal Yield 1761.59 Fc 1769.23 Fc 1748.25 Fc 1693.4 Fc 1747.66 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 2408 3063 1382 570 376
Sorghum Production Quantity 4519 2097 1769 155 179
Sorghum Seed 19.6 Fc 96.32 Fc 122.52 Fc 55.28 Fc 22.8 Fc
Sorghum Yield 18766.6 Fc 6846.23 Fc 12800.3 Fc 2719.3 Fc 4760.64 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 397100 517200 661000 643800 1041200
Sugar cane Production Quantity 11060000 11600000 23800000 22100000 34700000
Sugar cane Yield 278519 Fc 224285 Fc 360061 Fc 343274 Fc 333269 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 47123 74255 72972 70950 64254
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 303000 449987 486100 503400 392400
Sweet potatoes Yield 64299.8 Fc 60600.2 Fc 66614.6 Fc 70951.4 Fc 61070.1 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 1797 1863 2070 2785 2367
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 18953 23013 59700 46000 27715
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 105470 Fc 123527 Fc 288406 Fc 165171 Fc 117089 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 27033 20313 27646 22156 33942
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 29700 26000 31700 25600 34494
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 10986.6 Fc 12799.7 Fc 11466.4 Fc 11554.4 Fc 10162.6 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 53044 63048 58100 47415 40382
Tomatoes Production Quantity 636000 802600 788700 643700 496000
Tomatoes Yield 119900 Fc 127300 Fc 135749 Fc 135759 Fc 122827 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 54711 85000 F 84924 80034 66879
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 981543 1850000 F 1815880 1930870 1723410
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 179405 Fc 217647 Fc 213824 Fc 241256 Fc 257691 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 238523 A 311832 A 322318 A 273782 A 239792 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 2730520 A 4095460 A 4186780 A 3943400 A 3409500 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 114476 Fc 131336 Fc 129896 Fc 144034 Fc 142186 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 238523 A 311832 A 322318 A 273782 A 239792 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2730520 A 4095460 A 4186780 A 3943400 A 3409500 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 114476 Fc 131336 Fc 129896 Fc 144034 Fc 142186 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 7967 8977 9769 8379 7260
Watermelons Production Quantity 71859 79630 90885 74599 64499
Watermelons Yield 90195.8 Fc 88704.5 Fc 93034.1 Fc 89030.9 Fc 88841.6 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 27103 18743 12739 9296 8500 F
Yams Production Quantity 116000 137055 141983 109121 135400 F
Yams Yield 42799.7 Fc 73123.3 Fc 111455 Fc 117385 Fc 159294 Fc
Yautia (cocoyam) Area Harvested 17483 22565 22587 17212 22500 F
Yautia (cocoyam) Production Quantity 175000 225873 244000 205900 231500 F
Yautia (cocoyam) Yield 100097 Fc 100099 Fc 108027 Fc 119626 Fc 102889 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 6570 Fm 6570 Fm 6570 Fm 6530 Fm 6620 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 14.3 I 14.3 I 14.3 I 14.3 I
Arable land Area 3550 Fm 3550 Fm 3550 Fm 3500 Fm 3573 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 3940 Fm 3940 Fm 3940 Fm 3900 Fm 3991 Q
Country area Area 10989 Fm 10989 Fm 10989 W 10989 W 10989 Q
Fallow land Area 1233 Q
Forest area Area 2904.6 Fm 2870 Q 2835.4 Fm 2800.8 Fm 2766.2 Fm
Inland water Area 345 Fm 345 Fm 345 Fm 345 Fm 345 Fm
Land area Area 10644 Fm 10644 Fm 10644 Fm 10644 Fm 10644 Q
Other land Area 1169.4 Fm 1204 Fm 1238.6 Fm 1313.2 Fm 1257.8 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area 232 Fm 232 Fm 232 Fm 232 Fm 231 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area 2398 Fm 2398 Fm 2398 Fm 2398 Fm 2398 Q
Permanent crops Area 390 Fm 390 Fm 390 Fm 400 Fm 418 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 2630 Fm 2630 Fm 2630 Fm 2630 Fm 2629 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 870 Fm 870 Fm 870 Fm 870 Fm 870 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 6630 Q 6637 Q 6528 Q 6638 Q 6654 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 15.4 I 15.4 I
Arable land Area 3634 Fm 3672 Fm 3706 Fm 3752 Fm 3798 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 4061 Q 4097 Q 4134 Q 4182 Q 4237 Q
Country area Area 10989 Q 10989 Q 10989 Q 10989 Q 10989 Q
Fallow land Area 1174 Q 1106 Q 1056 Q 989 Q 929 Q
Forest area Area 2731.6 Fm 2697 Q 2644.6 Fm 2592.2 Fm 2539.8 Fm
Inland water Area 346 Fm 345 Fm 348 Fm 349 Fm 350 Fm
Land area Area 10643 Q 10644 Q 10641 Q 10640 Q 10639 Q
Other land Area 1281.4 Fm 1310 Fm 1468.4 Fm 1409.8 Fm 1445.2 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area 237 Q 249 Q 262 Q 276 Q 287 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area 2332 Q 2291 Q 2132 Q 2180 Q 2130 Q
Permanent crops Area 427 Q 425 Q 428 Fm 430 W 439 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 2569 Q 2540 Q 2394 Q 2456 Q 2417 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 870 Fm 870 Fm 870 Fm 870 F 870 F
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files