Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Cuba

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Datasheet

Cuba

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 11,333,483 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 7,480 (2016)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 84,811.58 (2016)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 100,023.00 (2018)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 3.78 (2018)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
Cucumis dipsaceus (hedgehog gourd)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
yellow head virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus thuringiensis kurstakiPresentCABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)PresentZamora et al. (2012); Ferriol-Marchena et al. (2013); Pérez-López et al. (2013); Zamora et al. (2014); Acosta et al. (2015); Acosta et al. (2015); Wei et al. (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma palmae (lethal yellowing (LY))PresentEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginalePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Hepatobacter penaeiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); Luis et al. (2009); Martínez et al. (2009); CABI/EPPO (2017)
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive)Present, WidespreadBradbury (1986); Rodriguez and Hinojosa (1986); Cruz and Stefanova (1992); Rodriguez et al. (1992); Stefanova et al. (1992); Mariano et al. (1994); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2021)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella AbortusequiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaVibrio parahaemolyticusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight)PresentBradbury (1986); UK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentPazos and Hevesi (1975); Bradbury (1986); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. vasculorum (sugarcane gumming disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces invadansAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronospora belbahrii (basil downy mildew)PresentInvasiveMartínez de la Parte et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentArnold (1986); David (2000)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Present, LocalizedNativeRodriguez T. and Alfonso H. (1978); Herrera Isla and Grillo Ravelo (1989); Martín Triana and Alvárez Díaz (1989); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (Fusarium wilt)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)PresentEPPO (2022); Hidalgo Góngora and Pérez Vicente (2010); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedInvasiveVidal (1992); Jones and Mourichon (1993); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentArnold (1986); CABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentLópez Castilla et al. (2002)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentIntroducedInvasiveArnold (1986)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAustropuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)PresentSeaver and Chardon (1926); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)Present, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1980); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora roreri (frosty pod rot)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Krauss et al. (2010)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); Pérez-Vicente et al. (2010); Santana Torres et al. (2012); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)PresentDíaz et al. (2007); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrius cingulatus (pink-spotted hawkmoth)PresentSchotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentEPPO (2022); Camp and Wilmot (1932); Mound and Halsey (1978); UK, CAB International (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentRodríguez Rubial et al. (2014); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated); NHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma variegatum (tropical bont tick)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly)Present, WidespreadNativeMacquart (1835); Bruner et al. (1975); Vázquez et al. (1999); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha suspensa (Caribbean fruit fly)Present, WidespreadNativeLoew (1862); Stone (1942); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil)Present, WidespreadWarner (1966); Degrande (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale)PresentNativeBallou (1923); Merrill (1953); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968); Pospisil (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCastineiras (1995); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); Chang-Sidorchuk et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentEPPO (2022); Martínez-Zubiaur et al. (2008); Muñiz et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCactoblastis cactorum (cactus moth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentNativeTavares (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid)PresentIntroducedSchotman (1989); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiPresent, WidespreadIntroducedGómez and Martínez-Iglesias (1990); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChionaspis pinifoliae (pine leaf scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAlayo Soto (1976); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChthamalus proteusPresentSouthward (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes gestroi (Asian subterranean termite)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEvans et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHagen (1858)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)PresentNakahara (1982); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer)PresentIntroducedWu et al. (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994); Rodríguez et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1966); Ben-Dov (1994); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGeococcus coffeae (coffee root mealybug)PresentWilliams and Granara de Willink (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGymnandrosoma aurantianum (citrus fruit borer)PresentAdamski and Brown (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentDenmark (1967); Jacot-Guillarmod and Brothers (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHaplaxius crudus (American palm cixiid)Present, WidespreadNativeOsborn (1926); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1961)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentMerrill (1953); Schotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentCristancho et al. (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypsipyla grandella (mahogany shoot borer)PresentCasanova et al. (2001); Menéndez and Berrios (1992); CABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentUK, CAB International (1957)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps grandicollis (five-spined bark beetle)Present, LocalizedNunberg (1974); Berrios et al. (1987); Guerra et al. (1989); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)PresentUK, CAB International (1962); WEISER and HOSTOUNSKY (1967); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLissorhoptrus oryzophilus (rice water weevil)PresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCeballos and Granda (2004); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentSmith and Cermeli (1979); UK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeoleucinodes elegantalis (eggplant stem borer)PresentEPPO (2022); Núñez Águila (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); Rojas Izaguirre and Cruz Ramos (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994); CABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail)PresentBenyamini et al. (2007); Yong et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)PresentIntroducedAhmed et al. (2015); Rodríguez et al. (2003); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina fulvaPresentLoddo Vega et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1990); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKempf (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWilliams and Granara de Willink (1992); Ben-Dov (1994); Matienzo et al. (2003); Rodriguez et al. (2003); Ben-Dov et al. (2004); Granara de Willink and Szumik (2007); Kondo et al. (2008); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentUK, CAB International (1986); Fernández et al. (2007); González Fernández et al. (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentMestre and Angeles Martínez (1991); CABI and EPPO (1999); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentUK, CAB International (1986); Bernal Areces et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudacysta perseaePresent, WidespreadCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus elisae (banana mealybug)PresentNiebla Rumbaut et al. (2010); Williams and Granara de Willink (1992); Rodríguez et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug)PresentGimpel and Miller (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRodríguez et al. (2007); Torre Santana et al. (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentAvilés and Guibert (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentAvilés and Guibert (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentNativeISSG (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentEPPO (2022); Núñez Águila (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)Present, LocalizedCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); Cabrera Campos et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentYokomi et al. (1994); CABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1962); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentNativeISSG (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWood (1977); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis sagrei (brown anole)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); FishBase (2004); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAscidia sydneiensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)Present, Few occurrencesNativeMowbray et al. (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedBorghese (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)Absent, Formerly presentKirwan et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedShireman and Smith (1983); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Lever (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus planirostris (greenhouse frog)Present, WidespreadNativeStejneger (1917); Barbour and Ramsden (1919); Schwartz (1974); Schwartz and Henderson (1991); Díaz and Cádiz (2008); Powell and Henderson (2012); González et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes auropunctatus (small Indian mongoose)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBorroto-Páez (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Sugunan (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLates niloticus (Nile perch)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis macrochirus (bluegill)PresentIntroducedBurgess and Franz (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacaca fascicularis (crab-eating macaque)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacaca mulatta (rhesus macaque)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLee et al. (1983); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus ater (brown-headed cowbird)Present, Few occurrencesAvibase (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFAO (1997); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Pullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Pullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOsteopilus septentrionalis (Cuban treefrog)PresentNativeIUCN (2017); Frost (2018); Glorioso et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)Present, LocalizedNativeJohnsgard and Carbonell (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPiaractus brachypomus (pirapitinga)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedBurgess and Franz (1989); Froese and Pauly (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)PresentIntroducedKirwan (2000); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChevalier et al. (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentIntroducedTeixeira et al. (2001); Flores Nava (2005); Kraus (2009); Santos-Barrera et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentSchotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentSchotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)Absent, Formerly presentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBirdLife International (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Natureserve (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentIntroducedIUCN (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail)PresentEPPO (2022); Vázquez et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster)Present, LocalizedNativeFIGIS (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHelisoma duryiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMagallana gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentAlvarez (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveAguayo and Jaume (1954); Hunt (1958); Ferrer Lopez et al. (1991); Gutiérrez et al. (1997); Pointier et al. (2005); Fernndez et al. (2006); Simone (2006); Vázquez Perera and Perera Valderrama (2010); Cowie and Hayes (2012); Horgan et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePerera et al. (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentNativeLeal (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPlanorbella duryiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaVeronicella cubensis (Cuban slug)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveMaceira-Filgueira (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaZachrysia provisoria (Cuban brown snail)PresentNativePilsbry (1928); Maceira et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentFernandez Diaz Siveira (1967); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)PresentGandarilla Basterrechea (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)PresentGandarilla Basterrechea (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Absent, Intercepted onlyCABI/EPPO (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentStoyanov (1967); Siddiqi (1973); CABI and EPPO (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne enterolobii (Pacara earpod tree root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadDecker and Rodriguez Fuentes (1989); Rodríguez et al. (1995); Cuadra et al. (1999); Rodríguez et al. (1999); Rodriguez et al. (2003); Molinari et al. (2005); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadCuadra et al. (1988); CABI and EPPO (2002); Rivas Bofill and Gandarilla Basterrechea (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne mayaguensisPresent, WidespreadRodríguez et al. (1995); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)PresentSTOYANOV (1967); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentStoyanov (1967); CABI and EPPO (1999); Elbadri et al. (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaScutellonema bradys (yam nematode)PresentDECKER et al. (1967); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Present, WidespreadStoyanov (1971); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesGyrodactylus salarisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentNativeGuiry and Guiry (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAngiopteris evecta (king fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum appendiculatum (palm fern)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCeratopteris thalictroides (watersprite)Present, Few occurrencesNativeSerguera et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); GBIF (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMacrothelypteris torresiana (swordfern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)Present, LocalizedNativeSeifriz (1943)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris tripartita (giant brake)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCaluff and Fuentes Fiallo (2008); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Missouri Botanical Garden (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris vittata (Chinese ladder brake fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Missouri Botanical Garden (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCaluff and Fiallo (2008); USDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minimaPresent, Few occurrencesNativeGBIF (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (kariba weed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSelaginella planaPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaThelypteris opulenta (jewelled maiden fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeSuárez (2005); Taylor (1960); Jong et al. (1999); Cabrera et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaEucheuma spp.PresentIntroducedSerpa-Madrigal et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeCabrera et al. (2004); Suárez (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaKappaphycusPresentIntroducedSerpa-Madrigal et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus moschatus (musk mallow)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia)PresentIntroducedMartínez Quesada and Pérez (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); ILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthocereus tetragonusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Smithsonian Institution (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002); González-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdonidia merrillii (Christmas palm)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene americana (shyleaf)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Rojas-Sandoval et al. (2017); Gonzalez-Oliva et al. (2019); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave fourcroydes (henequen)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzalez-Torres et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave vivipara (Caribbean agave)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgdestis clematidea (rockroot)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina riparia (mistflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Holm et al. (1979); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Robinson (1913)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia adinocephala (cream albizia)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); ILDIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia niopoides (silk tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Cumbá et al. (1992); ILDIS (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveKrisnawati et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentIntroducedGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia cucullata (Chinese taro)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloysia citrodora (lemon verbena)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera halimifolia (hairy joyweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus cruentus (red amaranth)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); León and Alain (1957)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus palmeri (Palmer amaranth)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentUSDA-ARS (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia peruviana (Peruvian ragweed)PresentAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmpelopsis arborea (peppervine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodriguez and Strong (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Garcia and Manzano (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedUSA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia humilis (low shoebutton)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgyreia nervosa (elephant creeper)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); NMNH (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristida ternipes (spidergrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia littoralis (elegant dutchman's pipe)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia ringens (Dutchman’s pipe)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); USDA-ARS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedKairo et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Missouri Botanical Garden (2007); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus aethiopicusPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus falcatus (sicklethorn)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedMederos et al. (2011); Smithsonian Museum of Natural History (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentNativeGiraldo-Cañas (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaccharis halimifolia (groundsel-bush)PresentNativeVan Deelen (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa monnieri (water hyssop)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa longispiculata (mahal bamboo)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa tuldoides (punting pole bamboo)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); New York Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBatis maritima (saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia tomentosa (yellow bauhinia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBegonia nelumbiifolia (lilypad begonia)PresentAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Hudson et al. (1986); Piloto-Sardiñas et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens subalternansPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy)PresentNativeCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBontia daphnoides (white alling)PresentNative and IntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Leiva (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa bladhii (Caucasian bluestem)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa saccharoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBougainvillea spectabilis (great bougainvillea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); New York Botanical Garden (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa subsp. oleifera (turnip rape)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBreynia disticha (snowbush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); NMNH (2017); NYBG (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromelia pinguin (wild pineapple)PresentNative and IntroducedInvasiveUNDP (2011); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia candida (angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedFuentes Fiallo (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja madagascariensis (smokebush)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia bonducPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia violacea (brasiletto)PresentNative and IntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repens (creeping inch-plant)PresentInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentIntroducedGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveWorld Agroforestry Centre (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia ensiformis (jack bean)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Acosta et al. (2015); New York Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia gladiata (sword bean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009); Quiñones et al. (2002); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); González-Alvarez et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum baccatum (pepper)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (wavy bittercress)PresentIntroducedISSG (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarludovica palmata (Panama hat plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); IUCN (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCascabela thevetia (yellow oleander)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)PresentAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); ILDIS (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012); World Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCecropia peltata (trumpet tree)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)PresentPerez et al. (1985); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveLowden (1978); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum diurnum (day jessamine)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Hanelt et al. (2001); PIER (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaedorea elegans (parlour palm)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCheilocostus speciosus (crepe ginger )PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)Present, WidespreadCordero (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris gayana (Rhodes grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Gautier (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysophyllum oliviformePresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon zizanioides (vetiver)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum burmanni (padang cassia)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)PresentIntroducedPino and Fuentes (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium mexicanum (Mexican thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus quadrangularis (treebine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus verticillata (possum grape vine)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitharexylum ellipticum (anacahuita)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); FAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013); Yong et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome gynandraPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum lindleyi (clerodendrum)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum paniculatum (pagoda flower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum speciosissimum (Java glory bower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentIntroducedOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClusia roseaPresentNativeFrancis (1993); Riffle (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedCatasús Guerra (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColeus blumei (common coleus)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColubrina asiatica (latherleaf)PresentIntroducedOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCopaifera officinalis (copaiba balsam)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia obliqua (clammy cherry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCostus spicatus (spiked spiralflag ginger)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria maypurensis (rattlebox weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCroton argenteus (silver July croton)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMissouri Botanical Garden (2003); González-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia madagascariensis (Madagascar rubbervine)PresentIntroducedSmithsonian Institution (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCucumis anguria (West Indian gherkin)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea hyssopifolia (false heather)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus arizonica (Arizona cypress)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Esquivel et al. (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedeMonocot (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Jiménez Rabelo et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon plectostachyus (African stargrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus alternifolius (Umbrella flatsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalea scandens (low prairie clover)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Groom (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura inoxia (Downy Thornapple)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); USA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDerris elliptica (tuba root)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium aristatum (angelton bluestem)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium caricosum (nadi blue grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); PIER (1999); Moyroud (2000); Hernández (2002); Fournet (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDieffenbachia seguine (dumb cane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCatasús Guerra (2015); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria eriantha (pangola grass)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCatasús Guerra (2015); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)PresentInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentIntroducedRelova and Pohlan (1988); Piloto-Sardiñas et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe)PresentNativeNYBG (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012); FAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea cayenensis (Guinea yam)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper)PresentNative and IntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDombeya wallichii (pink ball)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Smithsonian Museum of Natural History (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDracaena fragrans (corn plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1997); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDypsis lutescens (yellow butterfly palm)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Holm et al. (1991); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-pavonis (gulf cockspur grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinodorus grisebachiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); UK, Royal Botanic Gardens (Kew) (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGopal (1987); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLiogier and Martorell (2000); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia coccinea (scarlet tasselflower)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentIntroducedLabrada (2003); Rodríguez et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEntada gigas (sea-bean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGBIF (2020); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpiphyllum oxypetalum (dutchman's-pipe cactus)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis amabilis (Japanese lovegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis ciliaris (gophertail lovegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis unioloides (Chinese lovegrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2018); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron bellioides (bellorita)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)Present, PlantedIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina berteroana (coralbean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); ILDIS (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina poeppigiana (coral tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentCABI (Undated); Piloto-Sardiñas et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia leucocephala (white Christmas bush)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia milii (crown-of-thorns)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia neriifolia (Indian spurge tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tithymaloides (devil's backbone)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia trigona (African milk weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia umbellata (African milk bush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Toral and Simón (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Minafra et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia lineata (wild hops)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus americana (white ash)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFuntumia elastica (West African rubber tree)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedNew York Botanical Garden (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalphimia glauca (goldshower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalphimia gracilis (goldshower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGarcia nutans (false tung oil tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002); WAC (2005); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlycosmis parviflora (flower axistree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena globosa (globe amaranth)PresentInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2015); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena serrata (arrasa con todo)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGossypium barbadense (Gallini cotton)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroducedOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHaematoxylum campechianum (logwood)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLeon and Alain (1952)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily)PresentIntroducedOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Adams (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFinlay (2004); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelenium amarum (bitterweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGBIF (2017); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelenium quadridentatum (longdisk sneezeweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus debilis (beach sunflower)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum (salt heliotrope)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Labrada (1975); Holm et al. (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis fulva (tawny daylily)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeteropogon contortus (spear grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus elatus (blue mahoe)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHura crepitans (sand box)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)PresentUSDA-ARS (2004); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis brevipes (lesser roundweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis spicigera (black sesame)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGBIF (2020); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut)PresentNativeGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015); GRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (busy lizzy)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita subsp. scabra (Asian Indigo)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInga punctata (ice cream bean tree)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Oliva (2015); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); IUCN (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (white moonflower )PresentAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Witt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSnyder et al. (1981); Pino et al. (1996); Pino et al. (1996); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea cairica (five-fingered morning glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea hederifolia (scarlet-creeper )PresentAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentStaples (2017); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea nil (white edge morning-glory)PresentOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Oviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea obscuraPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea sagittataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)Present, LocalizedOrdetx (1949); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveAntigua (1993); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIxora finlaysoniana (white jungle flame)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIxora thwaitesiiPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)Present, PlantedIntroducedKairo et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine)PresentIntroducedGonzález Gutiérrez (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum sambac (Arabian jasmine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedKairo et al. (2003); Missouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)Present, WidespreadNativeCSIRO (1998); Ocampo and Balick (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut)PresentAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe integra (Never die)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acuña G. (1974); González-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLablab purpureus (hyacinth bean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentNativeSharma et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLaunaea intybacea (bitter lettuce)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentPyrah (1969)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); GBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Britton (1906)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); USDA-ARS (2014); Oviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa mucronata (mucronate sprangletop )PresentInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa nealleyi (Nealley's sprangletop)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Barkworth et al. (2007); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Smithsonian Museum of Natural History (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Kairo et al. (2003); ILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum japonicum (Japanese privet)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera confusaPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia palustris (marsh seedbox)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa acutangula (angled luffa)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro)PresentNative and IntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus penduliflorus (Turk's cap mallow)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMammea americana (mamey apple)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Acosta et al. (2009); Pérez-López et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaranta arundinacea (arrowroot)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMartynia annua (tiger's claw)PresentNative and IntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Kairo et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelicoccus bijugatus (Spanish lime)PresentIntroducedGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose)PresentNativeInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia cissoides (roadside woodrose)PresentNative and IntroducedGreuter et al. (2016); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Colón and Almarales (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)Present, WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); Salgado (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)PresentNativeQueensland Government (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)PresentNativeBarneby (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveUphoff (1924)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1977); Pérez et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica balsamina (common balsam apple)Present, WidespreadIntroducedOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); POWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedInvasiveScholz (1988); Holm et al. (1997); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Mederos et al. (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Yong et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); NMNH (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry)PresentNativeRodríguez Fuentes (2000); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurraya paniculata (orange jessamine)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum pinnatum (cutleaf watermilfoil)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeomarica caerulea (walking iris)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentIntroducedMonzote and Garcia (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNerium oleander (oleander)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana plumbaginifolia (Tex-Mex tobacco)PresentNative and IntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNopalea cochenillifera (cochineal cactus)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea ampla (dot-leaf water-lily)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum (African basil)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Govaerts (2014); Piloto-Sardiñas et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema callistachyum (purple firespike)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema cuspidatum (Cardinal’s guard)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema nitidum (shrubby toothedthread)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema tubaeformePresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia lancifolia (calycose mille graines)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Missouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear)PresentHernández and Emmel (1993); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015); USDA-ARS (2018); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Labrada (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Acuna (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPachira aquatica (pachira nut)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPachira insignis (wild chestnut)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPachystachys coccinea (Cardinal's guard)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParmentiera aculeata (cucumber tree)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); Navie et al. (1996); Evans (1997); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Missouri Botanical Garden (2018); Piloto-Sardiñas et al. (2018); USDA-ARS (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Oviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)Present, LocalizedNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2012); Fraga and Quesada (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum densum (dense crowngrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)Present, WidespreadNativeLabrada (1975); Chase (1929); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum millegrana (yerba brava)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum notatum (Bahia grass)PresentAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Clayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Catasús Guerra (2015); Smithsonian Museum of Natural History (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum virgatum (sword grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); GRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedKillip (1938); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentNativeKillip (1938); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed)PresentNativeAcuna (1974); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid)PresentIntroducedeMonocot (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Martínez de la Parte et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); USDA-APHIS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys flexuosa (drooping timber bamboo)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys reticulata (giant timber bamboo)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentNativeSeidemann (2005); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)PresentIntroducedBerrios et al. (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper)PresentNativeStarr et al. (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper auritumPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012); USDA-ARS (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMcVaugh (1987); Parrotta (1991); AFFA (2000); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage)PresentLukhoba et al. (2006); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPontederia cordata (pickerel weed)PresentWitt and Luke (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Liogier (1983); Piloto-Sardiñas et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentNativeAlain and Leon (1951); Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong (2015); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed)PresentWagner and Lorence (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis glandulosa (honey mesquite)Present, PlantedIntroducedJohnston (1962)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)Present, PlantedJohnston (1962); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPseudelephantopus spicatus (false elephant’s foot)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); USDA-ARS (2017); Missouri Botanical Garden (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)Present, Widespread, PlantedIntroducedCuadra and Quincosa (1982); Pino et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); World Agroforestry Centre (2002); USDA-ARS (2012); FAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterocarpus indicus (red sandalwood)PresentIntroducedThomson (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterocarpus macrocarpus (Burma padauk)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Kairo et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma elegans (solitaire palm)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma macarthurii (Macarthur palm)PresentIntroducedOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPyracantha coccinea (scarlet firethorn)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRauvolfia caffra (quinine tree )PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReutealis trisperma (Philippine tung)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGutiérrez and González (1993); Millhollon and Burner (1993); Valverde et al. (1999); Martínez and Morales (2004); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia macrophylla (large leaved ruellia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia)PresentNative and IntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRytidostylis carthagenensisPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria gramineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix humboldtiana (pencil willow)PresentIntroducedBritton and Wilson (1924)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia coccinea (scarlet sage)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia occidentalis (West Indian sage)PresentNativeSmithsonian Institution (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus canadensis (American black elderberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia speciosa (shrubby whitevein)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria hyacinthoides (African bowstring hemp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Kairo et al. (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSechium edule (chayote)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); Pérez Montesino et al. (2010); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Piloto-Sardiñas et al. (2018); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna hirsuta (hairy senna)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentIntroducedIrwin and Barneby (1982); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania cannabina (corkwood tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sericea (silky sesban)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentNativeInvasiveLabrada (1975)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentNativeInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Holm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida linifolia (flaxleaf fanpetals)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida repens (Javanese fanpetals)PresentIntroducedHerrera Oliver (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum quitoense (naranjilla)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium (sticky nightshade)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)PresentAlmaguel et al. (1984); Sánchez et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago sempervirens (seaside goldenrod)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDíaz Medina et al. (2004); Kairo et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphenoclea zeylanica (wedgewort)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Holm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus indicus (rat tail grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidalis (giant rat’s tail grass)PresenteMonocot (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus tenuissimus (tropical dropseed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCatasús Guerra (1997); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)Present, Few occurrencesNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)PresentHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia apetala (Panama tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); NMNH (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStictocardia tiliifolia (spottedheart)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); USDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novi-belgii (New York aster)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)PresentHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentIntroducedMorton (1987); Kairo et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveSeifriz (1943)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia heterophylla (pink trumpet tree)PresentUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia rosea (pink poui)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarindus indica (tamarind)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedLeón (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak)Present, PlantedPérez et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedKairo et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalia geniculata (alligator flag)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda arguens (Christmas grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda quadrivalvis (grader grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia erecta (bush clockvine)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentIntroducedGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymophylla tenuiloba (Dahlberg daisy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Mexican sunflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia rotundifolia (red sunflower)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToxicodendron succedaneum (wax tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachypogon spicatus (spiked crinkleawn)PresentAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTragus racemosus (stalker bur grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCatasús Guerra (2015); USDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriadica sebifera (Chinese tallow tree)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrimezia steyermarkii (yellow walking iris)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriphasia trifolia (limeberry)PresentIntroducedGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriplaris americana (ant tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTripsacum dactyloides (eastern gamagrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTripsacum latifolium (wideleaf gamagrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurbina corymbosa (Christmas vine)PresentNative and IntroducedOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Greuter et al. (2016); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena sinuata (bur mallow)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa brizantha (palisadegrass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa platyphylla (broadleaf signalgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVachellia macracantha (porknut)PresentNative and IntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria spiralis (eelweed)PresentIntroducedLowden (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena)Present, LocalizedIntroducedUPRRP (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)PresentIntroducedFeenstra and Clements (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaViguiera dentata (sunflower goldeneye)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex agnus-castus (chaste tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex parviflora (molave)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedSmithsonian Museum of Natural History (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex trifoliaPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYoungia japonica (oriental false hawksbeard)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZelkova serrata (Japanese selkova)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber montanum (cassumunar ginger)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Hammer et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber zerumbet (shampoo ginger)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZinnia peruviana (Peruvian zinnia)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCatasus Guerra (1997); eMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaProtistaParamyxeaMarteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bovisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia exitiosaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia ostreaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium catenatumPresentLeal et al. (2003)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus olseniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusArterivirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusavian metapneumovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusBanana streak diseasePresentNativeInvasiveDiekmann and Putter (1996); Hernández et al. (2002)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine leukemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusclassical swine fever virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusepizootic haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusfowlpox virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusHaliotid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfectious myonecrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfectious salmon anemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusMacrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003)
Virusmyxoma virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
VirusNewcastle disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusNipah virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); Mederos et al. (2015); Rodríguez-Martínez et al. (2015); CABI (Undated)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusrabies virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusred sea bream iridovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (sugarcane mosaic)PresentISSCT (1989); EPPO (2022)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)Present, WidespreadCABI (Undated); Herrera et al. (1999); Martínez Zubiaur et al. (2002); Quiñones et al. (2002); Martinez Zubiaur et al. (2004); Martinez Zubiaur et al. (2006); EPPO (2022)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusWest Nile virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusWhite spot syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
abalone viral ganglioneuritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
acarapisosis of honey beesPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
actinomycosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
acute hepatopancreatic necrosis diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
African swine feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
American foul broodAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
anaplasmosisPresentDelgado et al. (1976); Roman (1984); Cordoves et al. (1989); Cordovés et al. (1991); Fadraga et al. (1991); Camus and Barré (1995); OIE Handistatus (2005); CABI (Undated)
anthraxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
atrophic rhinitis of swinePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Aujeszky's diseasePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian adenoviruses infectionsPresent, WidespreadMenéndez et al. (1983)
avian chlamydiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsentOIE (2019); Guilarte et al. (1989); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian leukosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian tuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
babesiosisPresentOIE (2009); Pino and Salabarría (1989); Rodriguez et al. (1989); Fadraga et al. (1991)
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
blacklegPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetongueAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bonamiosis (Bonamia exitiosa)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bonamiosis (Bonamia ostreae)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
botulismAbsent, No presence record(s)Boado et al. (1992); OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine adenoviruses infectionsPresentNuñez and Castell (1985)
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine babesiosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infectionPresentNúñez and Castell (1987)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine tuberculosisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2009); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine viral diarrhoeaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BP virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2000); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
caseous lymphadenitisAbsent, No presence record(s)Ruíz L. et al. (1995); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
ChytridiomycosisPresentDíaz et al. (2007); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
classical swine feverPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
coccidiosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious agalactiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious ecthymaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
crayfish plagueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultryPresentCABI (Undated)
Denman island diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dourineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck virus hepatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Echinococcus granulosusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Echinococcus multilocularisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
encephalomyocarditisPresentRamos et al. (1983)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
eperythrozoonosis in pigsPresentCruz et al. (1985)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic ulcerative syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine coital exanthemaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine infectious anaemiaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine influenzaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine piroplasmosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine viral arteritisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
European foul broodAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtlesPresentMoncada and Prieto (2000)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
fowl choleraPresentOIE (2009)
fowl typhoidAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
fowlpoxPresentBoado et al. (1992); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Fusobacterium necrophorum infectionsPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
giardiasisPresentMeneses Marcel et al. (1994)
glandersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
hepatitis E virus infectionPresent, WidespreadMontalvo Villalba et al. (2013)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infection with Marteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infection with Perkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infection with Perkinsus olseniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Infection with salmonid alphavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious bursal diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious coryzaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious myonecrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious salmon anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
koi herpesvirus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
leishmaniosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
leptospirosisPresentOIE (2009)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
malignant catarrhal feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Marek's diseasePresentOIE (2009)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Mycoplasma hyorhinis infectionsPresentBulnes et al. (1999)
myxomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
necrotizing hepatopancreatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Newcastle diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale infectionPresentEspinosa et al. (2011)
paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); CABI (Undated)
Pasteurella multocida infectionsPresentKaraivanov (1974)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
pullorum diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rabiesPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Ranavirus infection in amphibiansAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
sheep and goat poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
small hive beetle infestationPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
spherical baculovirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
spring viraemia of carpAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Staphylococcus hyicus infectionPresentGonzalez and Urquiaga (1986)
stranglesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
surraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
swine dysenteryPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
swine erysipelasPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
swine influenzaPresentBarrera et al. (1983)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Taura syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
theileriosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
toxoplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
TrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
trichomonosisPresentOIE (2009)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
trypanosomosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
tuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019); Kantor (1988); OIE Handistatus (2005)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
West Nile feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
white spot diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
white tail diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Xenohaliotis californiensis infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
yellow head diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
Agave fibres nesArea harvested5,026 Im5,655 Im6,278 Im7,102 Im7,985 Im
Production quantity2,248 Im2,543 Im2,839 Im3,211 Im3,560 Im
Yield4,473 Fc4,497 Fc4,522 Fc4,521 Fc4,458 Fc
AvocadosArea harvested194 Im209 Im224 Im241 Im259 Im
Production quantity2,705 Im2,861 Im3,019 Im3,197 Im3,357 Im
Yield139,433 Fc136,890 Fc134,777 Fc132,656 Fc129,614 Fc
BananasArea harvested22,323 Im22,28924,04624,54821,775
Production quantity259,975 Im271,925295,526298,081234,471
Yield116,461 Fc122,000 Fc122,900 Fc121,428 Fc107,679 Fc
Bastfibres, otherArea harvested1,677 Im1,694 Im1,711 Im1,721 Im1,792 Im
Production quantity12,196 Im12,037 Im11,877 Im11,660 Im11,431 Im
Yield72,725 Fc71,057 Fc69,416 Fc67,751 Fc63,789 Fc
Beans, dryArea harvested157,712 Im147,560118,410122,54598,712
Production quantity169,900161,513132,174136,570117,556
Yield10,773 Fc10,946 Fc11,162 Fc11,144 Fc11,909 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested4,221 Im4,1016,1076,2005,499
Production quantity105,463 Im112,787168,527124,856110,742
Yield249,853 Fc275,023 Fc275,957 Fc201,381 Fc201,386 Fc
CassavaArea harvested132,778 Im145,229150,368149,662126,815
Production quantity795,748 Im835,976907,458875,700805,568
Yield59,931 Fc57,563 Fc60,349 Fc58,512 Fc63,523 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested237,539 A282,416 A275,444 A316,736 A267,044 A
Production quantity689,796 A812,374 A786,203 A930,968 A791,666 A
Yield29,039 Fc28,765 Fc28,543 Fc29,393 Fc29,646 Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea harvested7,026 Im7,2778,6506,1115,896
Production quantity77,040 Im78,679100,33170,95669,034
Yield109,650 Fc108,120 Fc115,990 Fc116,112 Fc117,086 Fc
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvested9,089 A11,474 A14,672 A16,525 A14,320 A
Production quantity62,927 A73,626 A100,961 A121,786 A117,794 A
Yield69,234 Fc64,168 Fc68,812 Fc73,698 Fc82,258 Fc
Cocoa, beansArea harvested2,947 Im3,9402,5354,1724,059
Production quantity1,000 *1,0122312,0581,500
Yield3,393 Fc2,569 Fc911 Fc4,933 Fc3,695 Fc
CoconutsArea harvested12,267 Im12,783 Im12,90813,18613,136
Production quantity57,762 Im57,585 Im58,55259,81559,587
Yield47,087 Fc45,048 Fc45,361 Fc45,363 Fc45,362 Fc
Coffee, greenArea harvested16,581 Im18,090 Im19,659 Im21,345 Im23,067 Im
Production quantity5,364 Im5,826 Im6,303 Im6,812 Im7,417 Im
Yield3,235 Fc3,221 Fc3,206 Fc3,191 Fc3,215 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea harvested5,501 Im8,20811,37511,77310,615
Production quantity69,554 Im106,708148,497132,219119,211
Yield126,439 Fc130,005 Fc130,547 Fc112,307 Fc112,304 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Fibre Crops PrimaryArea harvested7,498 A8,840 A9,514 A10,333 A11,277 A
Production quantity14,708 A15,033 A15,176 A15,326 A15,441 A
Yield19,616 Fc17,006 Fc15,951 Fc14,832 Fc13,692 Fc
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested164,299 A167,457 A184,827 A189,200 A171,170 A
Production quantity2,002,692 A2,004,865 A2,145,882 A2,182,471 A2,036,180 A
Yield121,893 Fc119,724 Fc116,102 Fc115,353 Fc118,957 Fc
Fruit, citrus nesArea harvested387 Im395 Im405 Im420 Im435 Im
Production quantity2,110 Im2,147 Im2,200 Im2,292 Im2,410 Im
Yield54,522 Fc54,354 Fc54,321 Fc54,571 Fc55,402 Fc
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvested12,880 Im11,64011,15414,86512,864
Production quantity218,334 Im209,520201,863203,416216,130
Yield169,514 Fc180,000 Fc180,978 Fc136,842 Fc168,012 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea harvested513 Im497 Im481 Im464 Im476 Im
Production quantity3,254 Im3,190 Im3,125 Im3,046 Im3,269 Im
Yield63,431 Fc64,185 Fc64,969 Fc65,647 Fc68,676 Fc
GarlicArea harvested2,169 Im2,3732,6512,6672,546
Production quantity16,383 Im17,32019,46223,25722,202
Yield75,533 Fc72,988 Fc73,414 Fc87,203 Fc87,203 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area harvested2,715 Im3,3585,1196,9355,100
Production quantity20,647 Im24,42042,33256,31856,268
Yield76,048 Fc72,722 Fc82,696 Fc81,208 Fc110,329 Fc
GrapesArea harvested1,676 Im1,674 Im1,672 Im1,658 Im1,613 Im
Production quantity22,019 Im21,872 Im21,725 Im21,392 Im20,526 Im
Yield131,378 Fc130,657 Fc129,934 Fc129,023 Fc127,254 Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea harvested4,838 Im5,231 Im5,627 Im6,138 Im5,783 Im
Production quantity5,126 Im5,528 Im5,930 Im6,443 Im6,081 Im
Yield10,595 Fc10,568 Fc10,538 Fc10,497 Fc10,515 Fc
Lemons and limesArea harvested333 Im6011,2091,051903
Production quantity3,454 Im6,1119,5337,9316,579
Yield103,724 Fc101,681 Fc78,850 Fc75,461 Fc72,857 Fc
MaizeArea harvested125,804 Im144,704157,813170,418149,511
Production quantity307,000345,909373,870404,467363,021
Yield24,403 Fc23,905 Fc23,691 Fc23,734 Fc24,281 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea harvested31,608 Im33,55841,90538,30736,033
Production quantity382,731 Im391,111432,430420,190418,796
Yield121,087 Fc116,548 Fc103,193 Fc109,690 Fc116,226 Fc
Melons, other (inc.cantaloupes)Area harvested6,246 Im6,255 Im6,265 Im6,250 Im6,156 Im
Production quantity46,765 Im47,094 Im47,424 Im48,368 Im45,270 Im
Yield74,872 Fc75,290 Fc75,697 Fc77,389 Fc73,538 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested17,105 A18,014 A18,535 A19,324 A18,919 A
Production quantity62,888 A63,113 A64,482 A66,258 A65,668 A
Yield36,766 Fc35,036 Fc34,789 Fc34,288 Fc34,710 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested17,105 A18,014 A18,535 A19,324 A18,919 A
Production quantity6,569 A6,707 A6,938 A7,234 A7,078 A
Yield3,840 Fc3,723 Fc3,743 Fc3,743 Fc3,741 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested17,105 A18,014 A18,535 A19,324 A18,919 A
Production quantity9,047 A9,144 A9,391 A9,709 A9,571 A
Yield5,289 Fc5,076 Fc5,067 Fc5,024 Fc5,059 Fc
Onions, dryArea harvested7,787 Im7,1528,5936,9068,154
Production quantity95,965 Im89,535111,25789,604107,181
Yield123,237 Fc125,189 Fc129,474 Fc129,748 Fc131,446 Fc
OrangesArea harvested3,832 Im4,6206,2726,8747,339
Production quantity17,832 Im21,32730,55238,04640,159
Yield46,534 Fc46,162 Fc48,712 Fc55,348 Fc54,720 Fc
PapayasArea harvested6,258 Im5,9736,7597,6065,785
Production quantity184,342 Im176,630189,086212,579202,499
Yield294,570 Fc295,714 Fc279,754 Fc279,489 Fc350,041 Fc
PineapplesArea harvested6,366 Im6,9327,4407,6217,175
Production quantity40,301 Im40,89744,28848,50145,664
Yield63,307 Fc58,997 Fc59,527 Fc63,641 Fc63,643 Fc
Plantains and othersArea harvested61,904 Im61,54664,10363,98558,534
Production quantity704,702 Im689,319719,391718,069655,726
Yield113,838 Fc112,001 Fc112,224 Fc112,225 Fc112,025 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested5,880 Im6,1626,7654,4035,455
Production quantity129,500135,147147,04495,663123,938
Yield220,238 Fc219,323 Fc217,360 Fc217,268 Fc227,201 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested157,712 A147,560 A118,410 A122,545 A98,712 A
Production quantity169,900 A161,513 A132,174 A136,570 A117,556 A
Yield10,773 Fc10,946 Fc11,162 Fc11,144 Fc11,909 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea harvested46,655 Im50,25254,26657,01853,020
Production quantity423,254 Im452,264491,894518,862482,481
Yield90,720 Fc89,999 Fc90,645 Fc91,000 Fc91,000 Fc
Rice, paddyArea harvested108,402 Im133,716112,356140,016112,166
Production quantity377,700460,870404,733514,045418,037
Yield34,843 Fc34,466 Fc36,022 Fc36,713 Fc37,269 Fc
Rice, paddy (rice milled equivalent)Production quantity251,926 Fc307,400 Fc269,957 Fc342,868 Fc278,831 Fc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested223,484 A235,696 A230,577 A232,326 A215,536 A
Production quantity1,771,635 A1,801,041 A1,828,943 A1,843,469 A1,743,421 A
Yield79,273 Fc76,414 Fc79,320 Fc79,348 Fc80,888 Fc
Seed cottonArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
SisalArea harvested795 Im1,491 Im1,525 F1,510 F1,500 F
Production quantity264 Im453 Im460 F455 F450 F
Yield3,321 Fc3,038 Fc3,016 Fc3,013 Fc3,000 Fc
SorghumArea harvested3,333 Im3,9965,2756,3025,367
Production quantity5,096 Im5,5957,60012,45610,608
Yield15,290 Fc14,002 Fc14,408 Fc19,765 Fc19,765 Fc
Sugar caneArea harvested209,419 Im312,637 Im490,288 Im421,600435,600
Production quantity8,725,032 Im12,600,00019,900,00018,000,00019,300,000
Yield416,630 Fc403,023 Fc405,884 Fc426,945 Fc443,067 Fc
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvested209,419 A312,637 A490,288 A421,600 A435,600 A
Production quantity8,725,032 A12,600,000 A19,900,000 A18,000,000 A19,300,000 A
Yield416,630 Fc403,023 Fc405,884 Fc426,945 Fc443,067 Fc
Sweet potatoesArea harvested54,176 Im55,04047,61754,51355,682
Production quantity555,078 Im549,512517,618594,378506,839
Yield102,458 Fc99,839 Fc108,704 Fc109,034 Fc91,024 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clementines, satsumasArea harvested1,822 Im2,5001,6671,245543
Production quantity18,884 Im19,62116,34417,19912,378
Yield103,644 Fc78,484 Fc98,044 Fc138,145 Fc227,956 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvested16,274 Im18,75019,42312,29218,682
Production quantity27,330 Im30,00030,80019,70024,500
Yield16,794 Fc16,000 Fc15,857 Fc16,027 Fc13,114 Fc
TomatoesArea harvested40,012 Im46,39548,71340,04939,840
Production quantity480,300553,906584,072481,470551,007
Yield120,039 Fc119,389 Fc119,901 Fc120,220 Fc138,305 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested159,303 A172,423 A187,693 A178,613 A176,855 A
Production quantity2,020,903 A2,171,849 A2,396,620 A2,300,976 A2,351,485 A
Yield126,859 Fc125,961 Fc127,688 Fc128,825 Fc132,961 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested45,932 Im46,66547,33847,88951,285
Production quantity752,944 Im760,650772,580859,752889,627
Yield163,926 Fc163,002 Fc163,205 Fc179,530 Fc173,467 Fc
WatermelonsArea harvested5,242 Im5,4106,1067,1306,180
Production quantity74,637 Im76,82087,04483,84672,678
Yield142,383 Fc141,996 Fc142,555 Fc117,596 Fc117,602 Fc
YamsArea harvested15,789 Im15,34514,4268,80810,576
Production quantity85,014 Im87,46882,67350,47660,604
Yield53,844 Fc57,001 Fc57,308 Fc57,307 Fc57,303 Fc
Yautia (cocoyam)Area harvested14,861 Im13,92011,40114,94017,008
Production quantity206,295 Im192,938174,150227,252246,472
Yield138,816 Fc138,605 Fc152,750 Fc152,110 Fc144,915 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
* = Unofficial figure
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
F = FAO estimate
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea6,300 Fm6,300 W6,227 W6,240 W6,279 Q
AgricultureArea6,300 Fc6,300 Fc6,227 Fc6,240 Fc6,279 Fc
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area6 I6 I1 I4 I3 I
Arable landArea2,909 Fm2,909 Fm2,989 Fm3,014 Fm3,088 Fm
Country areaArea10,988 W10,988 W10,988 W10,988 W10,988 Q
CroplandArea3,562 Fm3,562 W3,472 W3,517 W3,515 Q
Cropland area under organic agric.Area6 I6 I3 Fc
Forest landArea3,242 Q3,242 Q3,241 Q3,184 Q3,134 Fm
Inland watersArea608 Fm608 W584 W578 W586 W
Land areaArea10,380 Fm10,380 W10,404 W10,410 W10,402 Q
Land area equipped for irrigationArea560 Fm560 Fm560 Fm560 Fm560 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea2,738 Fm2,738 W2,755 W2,723 W2,764 Q
Land under permanent cropsArea653 Fm653 W483 W504 W427 W
Land under temp. meadows and pasturesArea124 Fm124 W108 W99 W112 Q
Land under temporary cropsArea1,429 Fm1,429 Fm1,577 Fm1,590 Fm1,614 Fm
Land with temporary fallowArea1,356 Fm1,356 W1,304 W1,325 W1,362 Q
Naturally regenerating forestArea2,709 Q2,709 Q2,706 Q2,656 Q2,612 Fm
Other landArea838 Fc838 Fc936 Fc986 Fc990 Fc
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea121 Fm121 W146 W141 W105 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. growingArea2,618 Fm2,618 W2,609 W2,582 W2,659 Q
Planted ForestArea533 Q533 Q535 Q528 Q522 Fm
Primary ForestArea0 Fm0 Fm0 Q0 Fm
Agriculture area certified organicArea
Cropland area certified organicArea
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc.
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.