Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Cuba

Toolbox

Datasheet

Cuba

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

List of Species

Top of page

The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE (2009)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus thuringiensis kurstakiPresentCABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)PresentZamora et al. (2012)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma palmae (lethal yellowing of coconut)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated);
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresentOIE (2009)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020); CABI/EPPO (2017)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive)Present, WidespreadBradbury (1986); Rodriguez and Hinojosa (1986); Cruz and Stefanova (1992); Rodriguez et al. (1992); Stefanova et al. (1992); Mariano et al. (1994); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella AbortusequiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight)PresentBradbury (1986); UK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentPazos and Hevesi (1975); Bradbury (1986); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. vasculorum (sugarcane gumming disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronospora belbahriiPresentInvasiveMartínez de la Parte et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentArnold (1986); David (2000)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Present, LocalizedNativeRodriguez T. and Alfonso H. (1978); Herrera Isla and Grillo Ravelo (1989); Martín Triana and Alvárez Díaz (1989); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (Fusarium wilt)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedInvasiveVidal (1992); Jones and Mourichon (1993); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentArnold (1986); CABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentLópez Castilla et al. (2002)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentIntroducedInvasiveArnold (1986)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAustropuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)PresentSeaver and Chardon (1926); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)Present, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1980); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora roreri (frosty pod rot)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Krauss et al. (2010)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); Santana Torres et al. (2012); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)PresentDíaz et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentOIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrius cingulatus (pink-spotted hawkmoth)PresentSchotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentEPPO (2020); Mound and Halsey (1978); UK, CAB International (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated); NHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma variegatum (tropical bont tick)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly)Present, WidespreadNativeMacquart (1835); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha suspensa (Caribbean fruit fly)Present, WidespreadNativeLoew (1862); Stone (1942); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil)Present, WidespreadWarner (1966); Degrande (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale)PresentNativeBallou (1923); Merrill (1953); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968); Pospisil (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCactoblastis cactorum (cactus moth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid)PresentIntroducedSchotman (1989); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiPresent, WidespreadIntroducedGómez and Martínez-Iglesias (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChionaspis pinifoliae (pine leaf scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAlayo Soto (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChthamalus proteusPresentSouthward (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)PresentOIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHagen (1858)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)PresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)PresentNakahara (1982); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer)PresentIntroducedWu et al. (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1966); Ben-Dov (1994); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGymnandrosoma aurantianum (citrus fruit borer)PresentAdamski and Brown (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentDenmark (1967); Jacot-Guillarmod and Brothers (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHaplaxius crudus (American palm cixiid)Present, WidespreadNativeOsborn (1926); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1961)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentMerrill (1953); Schotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentCristancho et al. (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentUK, CAB International (1957)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps grandicollis (five-spined bark beetle)Present, LocalizedNunberg (1974); Berrios et al. (1987); Guerra et al. (1989); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)PresentUK, CAB International (1962); WEISER and HOSTOUNSKY (1967); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLissorhoptrus oryzophilus (rice water weevil)PresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentSmith and Cermeli (1979); UK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); Rojas Izaguirre and Cruz Ramos (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994); CABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail)PresentBenyamini et al. (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)PresentIntroducedAhmed et al. (2015); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1990); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKempf (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWilliams and Willink (1992); Ben-Dov (1994); Matienzo et al. (2003); Rodriguez et al. (2003); Ben-Dov et al. (2004); Granara de Willink et al. (2007); Kondo et al. (2008); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentUK, CAB International (1986); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentMestre and Angeles Martínez (1991); CABI and EPPO (1999); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentUK, CAB International (1986); Bernal Areces et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus elisae (banana mealybug)PresentNiebla Rumbaut et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug)PresentGimpel and Miller (1996); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRodríguez et al. (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentAvilés and Guibert (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentAvilés and Guibert (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentNativeISSG (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)Present, LocalizedCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentYokomi et al. (1994); CABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1962); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentOIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentNativeISSG (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWood (1977); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis sagrei (brown anole)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); FishBase (2004); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)Present, Few occurrencesNativeMowbray et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedBorghese (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)Absent, Formerly presentKirwan et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedShireman and Smith (1983); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Lever (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus planirostris (greenhouse frog)Present, WidespreadNativeStejneger (1917); Barbour and Ramsden (1919); Schwartz (1974); Schwartz and Henderson (1991); Díaz and Cádiz (2008); Powell and Henderson (2012); González et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes auropunctatus (small Indian mongoose)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBorroto-Páez (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Sugunan (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLates niloticus (Nile perch)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis macrochirus (bluegill)PresentIntroducedBurgess and Franz (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLee et al. (1983); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus ater (brown-headed cowbird)Present, Few occurrencesAvibase (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFAO (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOsteopilus septentrionalis (Cuban treefrog)PresentNativeIUCN (2017); Frost (2018); Glorioso et al. (2018);
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)Present, LocalizedNativeJohnsgard and Carbonell (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPiaractus brachypomus (pirapitinga)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedBurgess and Franz (1989); Froese and Pauly (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)PresentIntroducedKirwan (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChevalier et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentIntroducedTeixeira et al. (2001); Flores Nava (2005); Kraus (2009); Santos-Barrera et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentSchotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentSchotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)Absent, Formerly presentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBirdLife International (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling)PresentNatureserve (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentIntroducedIUCN (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentAlvarez (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster)Present, LocalizedNativeFIGIS (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHelisoma duryiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveAguayo and Jaume (1954); Hunt (1958); Ferrer Lopez et al. (1991); Gutiérrez et al. (1997); Pointier et al. (2005); Fernndez et al. (2006); Simone (2006); Vázquez Perera and Perera Valderrama (2010); Cowie and Hayes (2012); Horgan et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePerera et al. (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentNativeLeal (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPlanorbella duryiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaVeronicella cubensis (Cuban slug)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveMaceira-Filgueira (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaZachrysia provisoria (Cuban brown snail)PresentNativePilsbry (1928); Maceira et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentFernandez Diaz Siveira (1967); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)PresentGandarilla Basterrechea (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)PresentGandarilla Basterrechea (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Absent, Intercepted onlyCABI/EPPO (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentStoyanov (1967); Siddiqi (1973); CABI and EPPO (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne enterolobii (Pacara earpod tree root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadDecker and Rodriguez Fuentes (1989); Rodríguez et al. (1995); Cuadra et al. (1999); Rodríguez et al. (1999); Molinari et al. (2005); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadCuadra et al. (1988); CABI and EPPO (2002); Rivas Bofill and Gandarilla Basterrechea (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne mayaguensisPresent, WidespreadRodríguez et al. (1995); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)PresentSTOYANOV (1967); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentStoyanov (1967); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaScutellonema bradys (yam nematode)PresentDECKER et al. (1967); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Present, WidespreadStoyanov (1971); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentNativeGuiry and Guiry (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAngiopteris evectaPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum appendiculatum (palm fern)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); GBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMacrothelypteris torresiana (swordfern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis hirsutula (sword fern)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Caluff MG and Regalado L (2011); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); García-Lahera JP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)Present, LocalizedNativeSeifriz (1943)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris tripartitaPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris vittataPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minimaPresent, Few occurrencesNativeGBIF (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (kariba weed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSelaginella planaPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaThelypteris opulenta (jewelled maiden fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeSuárez (2005); Taylor (1960); Jong et al. (1999); Cabrera et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaEucheuma spp.PresentIntroducedSerpa-Madrigal et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeCabrera et al. (2004); Suárez (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaKappaphycusPresentIntroducedSerpa-Madrigal et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus moschatus (musk mallow)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia)PresentIntroducedMartínez Quesada and Pérez (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); ILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthocereus tetragonusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Smithsonian Institution (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002); González-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene americana (shyleaf)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Rojas-Sandoval et al. (2017); Gonzalez-Oliva et al. (2019); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzalez-Torres et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave viviparaPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgdestis clematidea (rockroot)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina riparia (mistflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Holm et al. (1979); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Robinson (1913)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia adinocephala (cream albizia)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia carbonaria (carbonero)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); ILDIS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); ILDIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Cumbá et al. (1992); ILDIS (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveKrisnawati et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentIntroducedGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera halimifolia (hairy joyweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); León and Alain (1957)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentUSDA-ARS (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia peruviana (Peruvian ragweed)PresentAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmpelopsis arborea (peppervine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodriguez and Strong (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedUSA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia humilis (low shoebutton)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgyreia nervosa (elephant creeper)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); NMNH (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristida ternipes (spidergrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia littoralis (elegant dutchman's pipe)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia ringens (Dutchman’s pipe)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); USDA-ARS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedKairo et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Missouri Botanical Garden (2007); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus aethiopicusPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentNativeGiraldo-Cañas (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaccharis halimifolia (groundsel-bush)PresentNativeVan Deelen (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa monnieri (water hyssop)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBatis maritima (saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia tomentosa (yellow bauhinia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBegonia nelumbiifoliaPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentHudson et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens subalternansPresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy)PresentNativeCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBontia daphnoides (white alling)PresentNative and IntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Leiva (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa bladhiiPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa saccharoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBougainvillea spectabilis (great bougainvillea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); New York Botanical Garden (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa subsp. oleifera (turnip rape)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBreynia disticha (snowbush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); NMNH (2017); NYBG (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromelia pinguin (wild pineapple)PresentNative and IntroducedInvasiveUNDP (2011); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia candida (angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedFuentes Fiallo (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja madagascariensis (smokebush)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia bonducPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia violacea (brasiletto)PresentNative and IntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repens (creeping inch-plant)PresentInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentIntroducedGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveWorld Agroforestry Centre (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia ensiformis (gotani bean)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum baccatum (pepper)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (woodland bittercress)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarludovica palmata (Panama hat plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); IUCN (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)PresentAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); ILDIS (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012); World Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCecropia peltata (trumpet tree)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)PresentPerez et al. (1985); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveLowden (1978); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum diurnum (day jessamine)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Hanelt et al. (2001); PIER (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaedorea elegans (parlour palm)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCheilocostus speciosusPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)Present, WidespreadCordero (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Gautier (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysophyllum oliviformePresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum burmanni (padang cassia)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)PresentIntroducedPino and Fuentes (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium mexicanum (Mexican thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus quadrangularis (treebine )PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitharexylum ellipticum (anacahuita)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); FAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome gynandraPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum speciosissimum (Java glory bower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentIntroducedOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClusia roseaPresentNativeFrancis (1993); Riffle (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCodiaeum variegatum (garden croton)PresentNew York Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedCatasús Guerra (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColeus blumei (common coleus)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColubrina asiatica (latherleaf)PresentIntroducedOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCopaifera officinalis (copaiba balsam)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia dentata (white manjack)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez (1996); Encyclopedia of Life (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia obliqua (clammy cherry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCostus spicatus (spiked spiralflag ginger)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria maypurensis (rattlebox weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCroton argenteus (silver July croton)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMissouri Botanical Garden (2003); González-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia madagascariensis (Madagascar rubbervine)PresentIntroducedSmithsonian Institution (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea hyssopifolia (false heather)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus arizonica (Arizona cypress)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Esquivel et al. (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedeMonocot (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon plectostachyus (African stargrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus alternifolius (Umbrella flatsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalea scandens (low prairie clover)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Groom (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura inoxia (Downy Thornapple)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); USA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDerris elliptica (tuba root)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium caricosum (nadi blue grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); PIER (1999); Moyroud (2000); Hernández (2002); Fournet (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDieffenbachia seguine (dumb cane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCatasús Guerra (2015); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria eriantha (pangola grass)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCatasús Guerra (2015); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)PresentInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentIntroducedRelova and Pohlan (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe)PresentNativeNYBG (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012); FAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea cayenensis (Guinea yam)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper)PresentNative and IntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDombeya wallichii (pink ball)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Smithsonian Museum of Natural History (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1997); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDypsis lutescens (yellow butterfly palm)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Oviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Holm et al. (1991); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-pavonis (gulf cockspur grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinodorus grisebachiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); UK, Royal Botanic Gardens (Kew) (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGopal (1987); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLiogier and Martorell (2000); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentIntroducedLabrada (2003); Rodríguez et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEntada gigasPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpidendrum radicansPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis ciliarisPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis tenella (Japanese lovegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron bellioides (bellorita)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)Present, PlantedIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina berteroana (coralbean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); ILDIS (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina poeppigiana (coral tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tithymaloides (devil's backbone)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia trigona (African milk weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia umbellata (African milk bush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Toral and Simón (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia lineata (wild hops)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus americana (white ash)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFuntumia elastica (West African rubber tree)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedNew York Botanical Garden (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalphimia glauca (goldshower )PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGarcia nutans (false tung oil tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002); WAC (2005); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlycosmis parviflora (flower axistree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena globosa (Globe amaranth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGossypium barbadense (Gallini cotton)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroducedOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHaematoxylum campechianum (logwood)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLeon and Alain (1952)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily)PresentIntroducedOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Adams (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFinlay (2004); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelenium quadridentatumPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum (salt heliotrope)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Labrada (1975); Holm et al. (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeteropogon contortus (black speargrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus elatus (blue mahoe)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHura crepitans (sand box)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)PresentUSDA-ARS (2004); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis alata (clustered bushmint)PresentAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis brevipes (lesser roundweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis spicigeraPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut)PresentNativeGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015); GRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (busy lizzy)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita subsp. scabra (Asian Indigo)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInga punctata (ice cream bean tree)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Oliva (2015); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); IUCN (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (evening glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Witt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSnyder et al. (1981); Pino et al. (1996); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea hederifolia (scarlet morning glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentStaples (2017); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea nil (Japanese morning glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea obscuraPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (Cupid's-flower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea sagittataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)Present, LocalizedOrdetx (1949); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveAntigua (1993); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIxora finlaysoniana (white jungle flame)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIxora thwaitesiiPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)Present, PlantedIntroducedKairo et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine)PresentIntroducedGonzález Gutiérrez (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum sambac (Arabian jasmine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedKairo et al. (2003); Missouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)Present, WidespreadNativeCSIRO (1998); Ocampo and Balick (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut)PresentAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe integra (Never die)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acuña G. (1974); González-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLablab purpureus (hyacinth bean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentNativeSharma et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLaunaea intybaceaPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentPyrah (1969)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); GBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Britton (1906)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa mucronataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa nealleyi (Nealley's sprangletop)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Barkworth et al. (2007); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Smithsonian Museum of Natural History (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Kairo et al. (2003); ILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera confusaPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa acutangula (angled luffa)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro)PresentNative and IntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMammea americana (mamey apple)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaranta arundinacea (arrowroot)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMartynia annua (tiger's claw)PresentNative and IntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Kairo et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelicoccus bijugatus (Spanish lime)PresentIntroducedGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose)PresentNativeInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia cissoides (roadside woodrose)PresentNative and IntroducedGreuter et al. (2016); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Colón and Almarales (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)Present, WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); Salgado (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)PresentNativeQueensland Government (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (creeping sensitive plant)PresentNativeBarneby (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveUphoff (1924)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1977); Pérez et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedInvasiveScholz (1988); Holm et al. (1997); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); NMNH (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry)PresentNativeRodríguez Fuentes (2000); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum pinnatum (cutleaf watermilfoil)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeomarica caerulea (walking iris)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentIntroducedMonzote and Garcia (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana plumbaginifolia (Tex-Mex tobacco)PresentNative and IntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNopalea cochenillifera (cochineal cactus)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea ampla (dot-leaf water-lily)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum (African basil)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema callistachyum (purple firespike)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema cuspidatum (Cardinal’s guard)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema nitidum (shrubby toothedthread)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema tubaeformePresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Missouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Hernández and Emmel (1993); USDA-ARS (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Labrada (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Acuna (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPachira aquatica (pachira nut)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPachira insignis (wild chestnut)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPachystachys coccineaPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); Navie et al. (1996); Evans (1997); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Missouri Botanical Garden (2018); USDA-ARS (2018); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Oviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)Present, LocalizedNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2012); Fraga and Quesada (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum densum (dense crowngrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)Present, WidespreadNativeLabrada (1975); Chase (1929)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum millegranaPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum notatum (bahiagrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum virgatumPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedKillip (1938); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentNativeKillip (1938); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed)PresentNativeAcuna (1974); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid)PresentIntroducedeMonocot (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); USDA-APHIS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys bambusoides (castillon bamboo)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys flexuosaPresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentNativeSeidemann (2005); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)PresentIntroducedBerrios et al. (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper)PresentNativeStarr et al. (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper auritumPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012); USDA-ARS (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMcVaugh (1987); Parrotta (1991); AFFA (2000); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage)PresentLukhoba et al. (2006); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolyalthia suberosaPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPontederia cordata (pickerel weed)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Liogier (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentNativeAlain and Leon (1951); Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong (2015); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed)PresentWagner and Lorence (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton diversifoliusPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis glandulosa (honey mesquite)Present, PlantedIntroducedJohnston (1962)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)Present, PlantedJohnston (1962); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)Present, Widespread, PlantedIntroducedCuadra and Quincosa (1982); Pino et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); World Agroforestry Centre (2002); USDA-ARS (2012); FAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterocarpus indicus (red sandalwood)PresentIntroducedThomson (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterocarpus macrocarpus (Burma padauk)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma elegansPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma macarthurii (Macarthur palm)PresentIntroducedOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPyracantha coccinea (Scarlet firethorn)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRauvolfia caffra (quinine tree )PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReutealis trisperma (Philippine tung)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGutiérrez and González (1993); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia macrophylla (large leaved ruellia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto and González-Oliva (2015); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia)PresentNative and IntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRytidostylis carthagenensisPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria gramineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia coccinea (scarlet sage)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia occidentalis (West Indian sage)PresentNativeSmithsonian Institution (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia speciosa (shrubby whitevein)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria hyacinthoides (African bowstring hemp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSapium sebiferum (Chinese tallow tree)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Kairo et al. (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSechium edule (chayote)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); Pérez Montesino et al. (2010); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna hirsuta (hairy senna)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentIntroducedIrwin and Barneby (1982); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania cannabina (corkwood tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sericea (silky sesban)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentNativeInvasiveLabrada (1975)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentNativeInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Holm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida linifolia (flaxleaf fanpetals)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida repens (Javanese fanpetals)PresentIntroducedHerrera Oliver (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum quitoense (naranjilla)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)PresentAlmaguel et al. (1984)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDíaz Medina et al. (2004); Kairo et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphenoclea zeylanica (wedgewort)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Holm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus indicus (rat tail grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidalis (giant rat’s tail grass)PresenteMonocot (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus tenuissimus (tropical dropseed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCatasús Guerra (1997); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)Present, Few occurrencesNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)PresentHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia apetala (Panama tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); NMNH (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novi-belgii (New York aster)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)PresentHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentIntroducedMorton (1987); Kairo et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveSeifriz (1943)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia heterophylla (pink trumpet tree)PresentUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia rosea (pink poui)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (African marigold)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedLeón (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedKairo et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalia geniculata (alligator flag)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda arguens (Christmas grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda quadrivalvis (grader grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentIntroducedGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia rotundifolia (red sunflower)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToxicodendron succedaneum (wax tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachypogon spicatus (spiked crinkleawn)PresentAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrimezia steyermarkii (yellow walking iris)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriphasia trifolia (limeberry)PresentIntroducedGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriplaris americana (ant tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTripsacum dactyloides (eastern gamagrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTripsacum latifolium (wideleaf gamagrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta bogotensisPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurbina corymbosa (Christmas vine)PresentNative and IntroducedOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Greuter et al. (2016); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena sinuata (bur mallow)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa brizantha (palisadegrass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonzález-Torres et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa platyphylla (broadleaf signalgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVachellia macracantha (porknut)PresentNative and IntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria spiralis (eelweed)PresentIntroducedLowden (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena)Present, LocalizedIntroducedUPRRP (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)PresentIntroducedFeenstra and Clements (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaViguiera dentata (sunflower goldeneye)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZelkova serrata (Japanese selkova)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber montanum (cassumunar ginger)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Hammer et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber zerumbet (shampoo ginger)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZinnia peruviana (Peruvian zinnia)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCatasus Guerra (1997); eMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bovisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium catenatumPresentLeal et al. (2003)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusArterivirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusBanana streak diseasePresentNativeInvasiveDiekmann and Putter (1996); Hernández et al. (2002)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbovine leukemia virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusclassical swine fever virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusfowlpox virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003)
Virusmyxoma virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); Mederos et al. (2015); Rodríguez-Martínez et al. (2015); CABI (Undated)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusrabies virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT (1989); EPPO (2020)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)Present, WidespreadCABI (Undated); EPPO (2020)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)

List of Species CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

Top of page

The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
acarapisosis of honey beesPresentOIE (2009)
actinomycosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
American foul broodPresentOIE (2009)
anaplasmosisPresentDelgado et al. (1976); Roman (1984); Cordoves et al. (1989); Cordovés et al. (1991); Fadraga et al. (1991); Camus and Barré (1995); OIE Handistatus (2005); CABI (Undated);
anthraxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
atrophic rhinitis of swinePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Aujeszky's diseasePresentOIE (2009)
avian adenoviruses infectionsPresent, WidespreadMenéndez et al. (1983)
avian chlamydiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Guilarte et al. (1989)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian leukosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)PresentOIE (2009)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian tuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
babesiosisPresentOIE (2009); Pino and Salabarría (1989); Rodriguez et al. (1989); Fadraga et al. (1991)
blacklegPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetonguePresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
botulismAbsent, No presence record(s)Boado et al. (1992); OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine adenoviruses infectionsPresentNuñez and Castell (1985)
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE (2009)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE (2009)
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infectionPresentNúñez and Castell (1987)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE (2009)
bovine venereal trichomonosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE (2009)
BP virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)PresentOIE (2009); OIE (2000)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
caseous lymphadenitisAbsent, No presence record(s)Ruíz L. et al. (1995); OIE Handistatus (2005)
ChytridiomycosisPresentDíaz et al. (2007)
classical swine feverPresentOIE (2009)
coccidiosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationPresentOIE (2009)
contagious agalactiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
contagious ecthymaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
crayfish plagueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultryPresentCABI (Undated)
Denman island diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dourineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck virus hepatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
encephalomyocarditisPresentRamos et al. (1983)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentOIE (2009); OIE (1999)
eperythrozoonosis in pigsPresentCruz et al. (1985)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic ulcerative syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine coital exanthemaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine infectious anaemiaPresentOIE (2009)
equine influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine piroplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine rhinopneumonitisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
equine viral arteritisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
European foul broodPresentOIE (2009)
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtlesPresentMoncada and Prieto (2000)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowl choleraPresentOIE (2009)
fowl typhoidAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowlpoxPresentBoado et al. (1992); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Fusobacterium necrophorum infectionsPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
giardiasisPresentMeneses Marcel et al. (1994)
glandersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
hepatitis E virus infectionPresent, WidespreadMontalvo Villalba et al. (2013)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE (2009)
infectious coryzaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
infectious salmon anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
koi herpesvirus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
leishmaniosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
leptospirosisPresentOIE (2009)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
malignant catarrhal feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Marek's diseasePresentOIE (2009)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Mycoplasma hyorhinis infectionsPresentBulnes et al. (1999)
myxomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Newcastle diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
paratuberculosisPresentOIE (2009); CABI (Undated)
Pasteurella multocida infectionsPresentKaraivanov (1974)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
pullorum diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
rabiesPresentOIE (2009)
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
sheep and goat poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
small hive beetle infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
spherical baculovirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
spring viraemia of carpAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Staphylococcus hyicus infectionPresentGonzalez and Urquiaga (1986)
stranglesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
surraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
swine dysenteryPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
swine erysipelasPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
swine influenzaPresentBarrera et al. (1983)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Taura syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
theileriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
toxoplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionPresentOIE (2009)
TrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
trichomonosisPresentOIE (2009)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
trypanosomosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
tuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)Kantor (1988); OIE Handistatus (2005)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE (2009)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
West Nile feverPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
white spot diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
yellow head diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

Top of page
2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Agave Fibres Nes Area Harvested 8548 Im 7899 Im 8124 Im 7877 Im 8488 Im
Agave Fibres Nes Production Quantity 3852 Im 3342 Im 3775 Im 3202 Im 3308 Im
Agave Fibres Nes Yield 4506.32 Fc 4230.92 Fc 4646.73 Fc 4065 Fc 3897.27 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 281 Im 351 Im 328 Im 281 Im 319 Im
Avocados Production Quantity 3697 Im 3535 Im 3512 Im 3409 Im 3879 Im
Avocados Yield 131566 Fc 100712 Fc 107073 Fc 121317 Fc 121599 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 28474 27152 33034 23413 28375
Bananas Production Quantity 250000 249200 245400 280800 385900
Bananas Yield 87799.4 Fc 91779.6 Fc 74287.1 Fc 119933 Fc 136000 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 123914 112712 150584 95306 83793
Beans, dry Production Quantity 133000 80439 110800 97200 97200
Beans, dry Seed 6195.7 Fc 3717.42 Fc 1700 F 2300 3100
Beans, dry Yield 10733.3 Fc 7136.68 Fc 7358.02 Fc 10198.7 Fc 11600 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 8450 7090 8348 10970 9028
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 162857 134640 160285 186700 182343
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 192730 Fc 189901 Fc 192004 Fc 170191 Fc 201975 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 81272.7 72983 59582 52584 57385
Cassava Production Quantity 485708 405896 315784 339600 379100
Cassava Yield 59762.8 Fc 55615.1 Fc 52999.9 Fc 64582.4 Fc 66062.6 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 351512 A 402165 A 419902 A 285011 A 277892 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 732047 A 627771 A 681018 A 616992 A 663082 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 18152.1 A 18152.1 A 16355.1 A 18709.4 A 14697 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 20825.7 Fc 15609.8 Fc 16218.5 Fc 21648 Fc 23861.2 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 351512 A 402165 A 419902 A 285011 A 277892 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 920658 A 779086 A 868697 A 762180 A 809469 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 18152.1 A 18152.1 A 16355.1 A 18709.4 A 14697 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 26191.4 Fc 19372.3 Fc 20688.1 Fc 26742.1 Fc 29128.9 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 5618 5797 7227 6968 5850
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 55057 44545 56672 63677 55807
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 98001.1 Fc 76841.5 Fc 78417.1 Fc 91384.9 Fc 95396.6 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 458 Im 572 Im 535 Im 500 F 500 F
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 2451 Im 2344 Im 2329 Im 2443 Im 2500 F
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 53515.3 Fc 40979 Fc 43532.7 Fc 48860 Fc 50000 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 33849 A 43721 A 48456 A 46135 A 49354 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 266951 A 347344 A 420329 A 394243 A 471500 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 78865.3 Fc 79445.6 Fc 86744.5 Fc 85454.2 Fc 95534.3 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 143466 A 225736 A 204151 A 129497 A 141793 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 354258 A 324686 A 305097 A 326180 A 369869 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 3588.87 A 3588.87 A 4005.12 A 3606.8 A 3811 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 24692.8 Fc 14383.4 Fc 14944.7 Fc 25188.2 Fc 26085.1 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 5153 5114 5089 3800 2758
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 1510 1709 1387 1149 1379
Cocoa beans Yield 2930.33 Fc 3341.81 Fc 2725.49 Fc 3023.68 Fc 5000 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 18100 20609 22850 30844 34163
Coconuts Production Quantity 65545 72131 78148 105605 124627
Coconuts Yield 36212.7 Fc 34999.8 Fc 34200.4 Fc 34238.4 Fc 36480.1 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 26935 Im 26731 Im 26600 F 20800 F 45000 F
Coffee, green Production Quantity 8688 Im 9833 Im 7980 * 6240 * 13500 *
Coffee, green Yield 3225.54 Fc 3678.5 Fc 3000 Fc 3000 Fc 3000 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity
Cottonseed Production Quantity
Cottonseed Seed
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 9752 9662 11377 16794 17527
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 94075 92700 110357 139290 154294
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 96467.4 Fc 95942.9 Fc 97000.1 Fc 82940.3 Fc 88032.2 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 11892 A 10999 A 11105 A 11277 A 12010 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 15049 A 12830 A 13890 A 13528 A 13645 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 12654.7 Fc 11664.7 Fc 12507.9 Fc 11996.1 Fc 11361.4 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 193525 A 241888 A 226192 A 184455 A 220218 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1880400 A 1798070 A 1786220 A 1812030 A 2149250 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 97165.5 Fc 74334.6 Fc 78969.1 Fc 98236.7 Fc 97596.6 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 21500 31219 20343 16845 24070
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 354540 285792 233932 259408 319876
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 164902 Fc 91544.3 Fc 114994 Fc 153997 Fc 132894 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 494 Im 617 Im 577 Im 495 Im 561 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 3290 Im 3146 Im 3125 Im 3278 Im 3800 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 66599.2 Fc 50988.7 Fc 54159.4 Fc 66222.2 Fc 67736.2 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 3650 4679 5509 4596 4378
Garlic Production Quantity 26000 33779 40213 34782 34832
Garlic Yield 71232.9 Fc 72192.8 Fc 72995.1 Fc 75678.9 Fc 79561.4 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 11093 13075 12424 13207 13875
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 112000 137660 121500 166100 140000
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 100965 Fc 105285 Fc 97794.6 Fc 125767 Fc 100901 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 1369 Im 1711 Im 1600 F 1700 F 1700 F
Grapes Production Quantity 20002 Im 19126 Im 19000 F 20000 F 20000 F
Grapes Yield 146107 Fc 111783 Fc 118750 Fc 117647 Fc 117647 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 5298 Im 6032 Im 6688 Im 9028 Im 10000 F
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 5260 Im 5788 Im 6271 Im 8474 Im 10000 F
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 397.35 Fc 397.35 Fc 452.4 Fc 501.6 Fc 677.1 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 9928.27 Fc 9595.49 Fc 9376.5 Fc 9386.35 Fc 10000 Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Area Harvested 1803 A 1676 A 1507 A 1876 A 2022 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Production Quantity 10787 A 9132 A 9711 A 10000 A 10000 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Yield 59828.1 Fc 54486.9 Fc 64439.3 Fc 53304.9 Fc 49456 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 836 879 1116 898 1041
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 6600 6060 8300 5400 6000
Lemons and limes Yield 78947.4 Fc 68942 Fc 74372.8 Fc 60133.6 Fc 57636.9 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 143318 225608 203981 129222 141303
Maize Production Quantity 354000 324463 304800 325700 368800
Maize Seed 3582.95 Fc 3582.95 Fc 4000 F 3600 3800
Maize Yield 24700.3 Fc 14381.7 Fc 14942.6 Fc 25204.7 Fc 26099.9 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 29531 30790 37276 24972 29819
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 185000 203595 269300 228700 198000
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 62646 Fc 66123.7 Fc 72244.9 Fc 91582.6 Fc 66400.6 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 23398 A 26641 A 29538 A 39872 A 44163 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 7242.4 A 7969.92 A 8634.82 A 11668.5 A 13770.2 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 150.99 A 150.99 A 171.91 A 190.61 A 257.3 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 3095.31 Fc 2991.6 Fc 2923.29 Fc 2926.49 Fc 3118.03 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 23398 A 26641 A 29538 A 39872 A 44163 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 10098.9 A 11113.4 A 12040.5 A 16270.9 A 19201.5 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 119.2 A 119.2 A 135.72 A 150.48 A 203.13 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 4316.12 Fc 4171.55 Fc 4076.29 Fc 4080.77 Fc 4347.87 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 10713 9766 11586 11057 8877
Onions, dry Production Quantity 143500 111737 131300 128100 105100
Onions, dry Yield 133949 Fc 114414 Fc 113326 Fc 115854 Fc 118396 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 18988 26046 31907 30628 32595
Oranges Production Quantity 122900 178263 261000 200400 302800
Oranges Yield 64725.1 Fc 68441.6 Fc 81800.2 Fc 65430.3 Fc 92897.7 Fc
Other Bastfibres Area Harvested 1803 Im 1676 Im 1507 Im 1876 Im 2022 Im
Other Bastfibres Production Quantity 10787 Im 9132 Im 9711 Im 10000 F 10000 F
Other Bastfibres Yield 59828.1 Fc 54486.9 Fc 64439.3 Fc 53304.9 Fc 49456 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 6217 Im 6950 Im 8184 Im 7611 Im 6779 Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 48096 Im 46807 Im 55721 Im 53327 Im 56906 Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 77362.1 Fc 67348.2 Fc 68085.3 Fc 70065.7 Fc 83944.5 Fc
Papayas Area Harvested 5800 7979 5427 4406 6016
Papayas Production Quantity 135000 135707 95700 89400 89700
Papayas Yield 232759 Fc 170080 Fc 176341 Fc 202905 Fc 149102 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 5850 6293 5766 5991 5907
Pineapples Production Quantity 76915 64820 70920 55387 51597
Pineapples Yield 131479 Fc 103003 Fc 122997 Fc 92450.3 Fc 87348.9 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 66377 92055 73385 60217 74097
Plantains Production Quantity 585000 485800 425000 477400 605000
Plantains Yield 88132.9 Fc 52772.8 Fc 57913.7 Fc 79279.9 Fc 81649.7 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 7365 8671 12480 9789 9769
Potatoes Production Quantity 165600 191500 278600 196100 143700
Potatoes Seed 7365 Fc 7365 Fc 24000 F 34600 26100
Potatoes Yield 224847 Fc 220851 Fc 223237 Fc 200327 Fc 147098 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 123914 A 112712 A 150584 A 95306 A 83793 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 133000 A 80439 A 110800 A 97200 A 97200 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 6195.7 A 3717.42 A 1700 A 2300 A 3100 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 10733.3 Fc 7136.68 Fc 7358.02 Fc 10198.7 Fc 11600 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 56788 56597 66644 73038 72240
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 340328 347082 413191 422480 455500
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 59929.6 Fc 61325.2 Fc 61999.7 Fc 57843.9 Fc 63053.7 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 208046 176429 215751 155514 136099
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 566400 454400 563600 436000 439600
Rice, paddy Seed 14563.2 Fc 14563.2 Fc 12350 Fc 15102.6 Fc 10886 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 27224.8 Fc 25755.4 Fc 26122.7 Fc 28036.1 Fc 32300 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 200993 A 243834 A 246033 A 196122 A 203935 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1445000 A 1515000 A 1565600 A 1392500 A 1378600 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 7365 A 7365 A 24000 A 34600 A 26100 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 71893.2 Fc 62132.4 Fc 63633.7 Fc 71001.7 Fc 67600 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested
Seed cotton Production Quantity
Seed cotton Yield
Sisal Area Harvested 1541 Im 1424 Im 1474 Im 1524 Im 1500 Im
Sisal Production Quantity 410 Im 356 Im 404 Im 326 Im 337 Im
Sisal Yield 2660.61 Fc 2500 Fc 2740.84 Fc 2139.11 Fc 2246.67 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 148 128 170 275 490
Sorghum Production Quantity 258 223 297 480 1069
Sorghum Seed 5.92 Fc 5.92 Fc 5.12 Fc 6.8 Fc 11 Fc
Sorghum Yield 17432.4 Fc 17421.9 Fc 17470.6 Fc 17454.5 Fc 21816.3 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 506100 431400 434700 380300 329500
Sugar cane Production Quantity 15800000 11500000 14900000 15700000 11900000
Sugar cane Yield 312191 Fc 266574 Fc 342765 Fc 412832 Fc 361153 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 45638 79792 78496 58934 64385
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 311900 384743 437100 375000 414000
Sweet potatoes Yield 68342.2 Fc 48218.2 Fc 55684.4 Fc 63630.5 Fc 64300.7 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 2474 3149 2474 902 1343
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 23000 23017 27200 19900 20200
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 92966.9 Fc 73093.1 Fc 109943 Fc 220621 Fc 150410 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 13631 20256 24861 23048 22858
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 19900 20500 25200 21500 25600
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 14599.1 Fc 10120.5 Fc 10136.4 Fc 9328.36 Fc 11199.6 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 54955 49057 69170 62124 57082
Tomatoes Production Quantity 601000 517040 750000 575900 627900
Tomatoes Yield 109362 Fc 105396 Fc 108429 Fc 92701.7 Fc 110000 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 54814 87091 90660 64977 49023
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 724085 807507 824872 828000 922601
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 132099 Fc 92719.9 Fc 90985.2 Fc 127430 Fc 188198 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 217827 A 243517 A 286745 A 266684 A 237542 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 2248100 A 2187840 A 2604520 A 2492630 A 2659910 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 103206 Fc 89843.5 Fc 90830.6 Fc 93467.4 Fc 111976 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 217827 A 243517 A 286745 A 266684 A 237542 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2248100 A 2187840 A 2604520 A 2492630 A 2659910 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 103206 Fc 89843.5 Fc 90830.6 Fc 93467.4 Fc 111976 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 6870 6828 8040 8549 6758
Watermelons Production Quantity 53098 52005 61910 60371 64623
Watermelons Yield 77289.7 Fc 76164.3 Fc 77002.5 Fc 70617.6 Fc 95624.4 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 50475 62593 68448 48234 51061
Yams Production Quantity 349692 395461 334716 241800 234000
Yams Yield 69280.2 Fc 63179.8 Fc 48900.8 Fc 50130.6 Fc 45827.5 Fc
Yautia (cocoyam) Area Harvested 16242 19795 27027 26581 21335
Yautia (cocoyam) Production Quantity 132100 137400 199400 240000 207800
Yautia (cocoyam) Yield 81332.4 Fc 69411.5 Fc 73778.1 Fc 90290.1 Fc 97398.6 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Agave Fibres Nes Area Harvested 8522 Im 8496 Im 8242 Im 8147 Im 8289 Im
Agave Fibres Nes Production Quantity 2612 Im 2991 Im 4284 Im 4087 Im 3963 Im
Agave Fibres Nes Yield 3065.01 Fc 3520.48 Fc 5197.77 Fc 5016.57 Fc 4781.04 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 306 Im 295 Im 341 Im 381 Im 350 F
Avocados Production Quantity 3770 Im 3741 Im 4410 Im 4441 Im 3500 F
Avocados Yield 123203 Fc 126814 Fc 129326 Fc 116562 Fc 100000 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 25780 18610 33996 29583 27136
Bananas Production Quantity 339517 289013 454200 315400 206900
Bananas Yield 131698 Fc 155300 Fc 133604 Fc 106615 Fc 76245.6 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 76740 94821 112201 106779 100227
Beans, dry Production Quantity 70600 106200 132900 127000 107300
Beans, dry Seed 2800 2800 3000 3600 1600
Beans, dry Yield 9199.9 Fc 11200 Fc 11844.8 Fc 11893.7 Fc 10705.7 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 8923 10497 9215 7160 6747
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 172830 256450 222476 184277 159327
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 193690 Fc 244308 Fc 241428 Fc 257370 Fc 236145 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 79648 123769 124477 100780 63300 F
Cassava Production Quantity 450000 675785 745617 720579 348000
Cassava Yield 56498.6 Fc 54600.5 Fc 59900 Fc 71500.2 Fc 54976.3 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 267397 A 285839 A 304417 A 337417 A 320561 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 599530 A 609786 A 726565 A 837594 A 770743 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 12446.5 A 13294.4 A 11926.3 A 13603.1 A 16244.8 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 22421 Fc 21333.2 Fc 23867.4 Fc 24823.7 Fc 24043.6 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 267397 A 285839 A 304417 A 337417 A 320561 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 744119 A 732197 A 889369 A 1075960 A 1001180 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 12446.5 A 13294.4 A 11926.3 A 13603.1 A 16244.8 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 27828.3 Fc 25615.7 Fc 29215.5 Fc 31888 Fc 31232.1 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 6851 7121 8586 11333 10078
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 62141 81815 91722 68000 61427
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 90703.6 Fc 114893 Fc 106827 Fc 60001.8 Fc 60951.6 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 500 F 500 F 500 F 450 F 430 F
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 2500 F 3500 F 3500 F 3500 F 3500 F
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 50000 Fc 70000 Fc 70000 Fc 77777.8 Fc 81395.4 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 55923 A 56749 A 58661 A 69502 A 71767 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 375500 A 558100 A 805200 A 796200 A 481201 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 67145.9 Fc 98345.4 Fc 137263 Fc 114558 Fc 67050.4 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 124568 A 158642 A 146591 A 132817 A 122616 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 309919 A 364597 A 400469 A 360155 A 309179 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 2919.6 A 3296.32 A 3022.52 A 2555.28 A 1922.8 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 24879.5 Fc 22982.4 Fc 27318.8 Fc 27116.6 Fc 25215.2 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 3999 4054 5784 6600 6595
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 2120 2067 1846 1500 1301
Cocoa beans Yield 5301.33 Fc 5098.67 Fc 3191.56 Fc 2272.73 Fc 1972.71 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 24218 27808 25342 23444 26432
Coconuts Production Quantity 103859 113817 119273 110595 108592
Coconuts Yield 42885 Fc 40929.6 Fc 47065.3 Fc 47174.1 Fc 41083.5 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 28000 F 36000 F 43818 Im 50000 F 49000 F
Coffee, green Production Quantity 8400 * 10800 * 15240 * 15000 * 14700 *
Coffee, green Yield 3000 Fc 3000 Fc 3478.02 Fc 3000 Fc 3000 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity
Cottonseed Production Quantity
Cottonseed Seed
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 17550 25081 34666 29994 25473
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 155671 219460 365471 347239 300226
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 88701.4 Fc 87500.5 Fc 105426 Fc 115769 Fc 117860 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 12062 A 11820 A 11276 A 11677 A 11234 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 12878 A 13221 A 14484 A 8882 A 8358 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 10676.5 Fc 11185.3 Fc 12845 Fc 7606.41 Fc 7439.91 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 211151 A 207855 A 242892 A 271595 A 250539 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1916070 A 2064160 A 2838940 A 2706360 A 1920600 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 90743.9 Fc 99307.8 Fc 116881 Fc 99646.8 Fc 76658.7 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 9198 12854 17669 17841 15627
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 198766 201914 289419 303062 260520
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 216097 Fc 157083 Fc 163800 Fc 169868 Fc 166711 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 538 Im 519 Im 600 F 1250 F 1900 F
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 3355 Im 3639 Im 5000 F 10000 F 15000 F
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 62360.6 Fc 70115.6 Fc 83333.3 Fc 80000 Fc 78947.4 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 4128 5682 4278 4390 2500
Garlic Production Quantity 33560 50970 58514 36633 31674
Garlic Yield 81298.4 Fc 89704.3 Fc 136779 Fc 83446.5 Fc 126696 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 16272 20809 17103 19610 22710
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 169556 134090 225000 227800 137312
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 104201 Fc 64438.5 Fc 131556 Fc 116165 Fc 60463.2 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 1600 F 1700 F 1700 F 1850 F 1800 F
Grapes Production Quantity 19000 F 20000 F 20000 F 22000 F 21000 F
Grapes Yield 118750 Fc 117647 Fc 117647 Fc 118919 Fc 116667 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 23823 Im 27354 Im 24928 Im 23061 Im 26000 F
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 24868 Im 27252 Im 28558 Im 26480 Im 26000 F
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 750 Fc 1786.72 Fc 2051.55 Fc 1869.6 Fc 1729.57 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 10438.7 Fc 9962.71 Fc 11456.2 Fc 11482.6 Fc 10000 Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Area Harvested 2030 A 2024 A 1890 A 1847 A 1875 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Production Quantity 10000 A 10000 A 10000 A 4510 A 4208 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Yield 49261.1 Fc 49407.1 Fc 52910.1 Fc 24418 Fc 22442.7 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 1322 2866 4109 3560 2842
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 6134 8028 22000 26700 16062
Lemons and limes Yield 46399.4 Fc 28011.2 Fc 53541 Fc 75000 Fc 56516.5 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 122160 155579 145209 132247 122240
Maize Production Quantity 305400 362500 398700 360000 309000
Maize Seed 2900 3200 2900 2500 1900
Maize Yield 25000 Fc 23300.1 Fc 27457 Fc 27221.8 Fc 25278.1 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 34958 30184 31797 46763 42008
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 308209 370335 334701 297411 265338
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 88165.5 Fc 122692 Fc 105262 Fc 63599.6 Fc 63163.7 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 48041 A 55162 A 50270 A 46505 A 52432 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 17758.6 A 19461.1 A 20393.9 A 18910 A 18567.4 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 285 A 678.95 A 779.59 A 710.45 A 657.24 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 3696.54 Fc 3527.99 Fc 4056.87 Fc 4066.23 Fc 3541.23 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 48041 A 55162 A 50270 A 46505 A 52432 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 20962.1 A 22971.8 A 24072.9 A 22321.3 A 21917 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 225 A 536.02 A 615.47 A 560.88 A 518.87 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 4363.37 Fc 4164.43 Fc 4788.72 Fc 4799.77 Fc 4180.07 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 7892 8722 9552 7924 7409
Onions, dry Production Quantity 111990 129428 145100 101700 91882
Onions, dry Yield 141903 Fc 148393 Fc 151905 Fc 128344 Fc 124014 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 36032 30711 34879 43097 43418
Oranges Production Quantity 178357 389469 495000 492200 296612
Oranges Yield 49499.6 Fc 126817 Fc 141919 Fc 114207 Fc 68315.4 Fc
Other Bastfibres Area Harvested 2030 Im 2024 Im 1890 Im 1847 Im 1875 Im
Other Bastfibres Production Quantity 10000 F 10000 F 10000 F 4510 Im 4208 Im
Other Bastfibres Yield 49261.1 Fc 49407.1 Fc 52910.1 Fc 24418 Fc 22442.7 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 6807 Im 8400 F 9769 8379 7260
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 58417 Im 75000 F 90885 74599 64499
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 85819 Fc 89285.7 Fc 93034.1 Fc 89030.9 Fc 88841.6 Fc
Papayas Area Harvested 4480 5901 6088 6688 5429
Papayas Production Quantity 90309 91797 119000 120100 107240
Papayas Yield 201583 Fc 155562 Fc 195466 Fc 179575 Fc 197532 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 4026 4262 3015 4089 3202
Pineapples Production Quantity 45357 41137 45607 40543 36900
Pineapples Yield 112660 Fc 96520.4 Fc 151267 Fc 99151.4 Fc 115240 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 74342 76781 89025 93648 81320
Plantains Production Quantity 532283 484487 761400 797200 523000
Plantains Yield 71599.2 Fc 63099.9 Fc 85526.5 Fc 85127.3 Fc 64313.8 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 11615 12316 12451 12707 12795
Potatoes Production Quantity 286200 313100 328700 304600 329713
Potatoes Seed 27600 12500 13200 12400 13000
Potatoes Yield 246406 Fc 254222 Fc 263995 Fc 239710 Fc 257689 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 76740 A 94821 A 112201 A 106779 A 100227 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 70600 A 106200 A 132900 A 127000 A 107300 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 2800 A 2800 A 3000 A 3600 A 1600 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 9199.9 Fc 11200 Fc 11844.8 Fc 11893.7 Fc 10705.7 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 70650 89304 93459 68774 65804
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 446506 550111 517151 481784 416555
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 63199.7 Fc 61599.8 Fc 55334.5 Fc 70053.2 Fc 63302.4 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 142829 127197 157826 204600 197945
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 434200 367600 488900 715800 692000
Rice, paddy Seed 9526.93 Fc 9998.03 Fc 8903.79 Fc 11047.8 Fc 14322 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 30400 Fc 28900 Fc 30977.2 Fc 34985.3 Fc 34959.2 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 182972 A 251648 A 245226 A 210945 A 171349 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1330200 A 1801800 A 1946400 A 1843600 A 1437010 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 27600 A 12500 A 13200 A 12400 A 13000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 72699.6 Fc 71600 Fc 79371.7 Fc 87397.2 Fc 83864.7 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested
Seed cotton Production Quantity
Seed cotton Yield
Sisal Area Harvested 1510 Im 1300 F 1144 1683 1070
Sisal Production Quantity 266 Im 230 F 200 285 187
Sisal Yield 1761.59 Fc 1769.23 Fc 1748.25 Fc 1693.4 Fc 1747.66 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 2408 3063 1382 570 376
Sorghum Production Quantity 4519 2097 1769 155 179
Sorghum Seed 19.6 Fc 96.32 Fc 122.52 Fc 55.28 Fc 22.8 Fc
Sorghum Yield 18766.6 Fc 6846.23 Fc 12800.3 Fc 2719.3 Fc 4760.64 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 397100 517200 661000 643800 1041200
Sugar cane Production Quantity 11060000 11600000 23800000 22100000 34700000
Sugar cane Yield 278519 Fc 224285 Fc 360061 Fc 343274 Fc 333269 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 47123 74255 72972 70950 64254
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 303000 449987 486100 503400 392400
Sweet potatoes Yield 64299.8 Fc 60600.2 Fc 66614.6 Fc 70951.4 Fc 61070.1 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 1797 1863 2070 2785 2367
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 18953 23013 59700 46000 27715
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 105470 Fc 123527 Fc 288406 Fc 165171 Fc 117089 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 27033 20313 27646 22156 33942
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 29700 26000 31700 25600 34494
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 10986.6 Fc 12799.7 Fc 11466.4 Fc 11554.4 Fc 10162.6 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 53044 63048 58100 47415 40382
Tomatoes Production Quantity 636000 802600 788700 643700 496000
Tomatoes Yield 119900 Fc 127300 Fc 135749 Fc 135759 Fc 122827 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 54711 85000 F 84924 80034 66879
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 981543 1850000 F 1815880 1930870 1723410
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 179405 Fc 217647 Fc 213824 Fc 241256 Fc 257691 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 238523 A 311832 A 322318 A 273782 A 239792 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 2730520 A 4095460 A 4186780 A 3943400 A 3409500 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 114476 Fc 131336 Fc 129896 Fc 144034 Fc 142186 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 238523 A 311832 A 322318 A 273782 A 239792 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2730520 A 4095460 A 4186780 A 3943400 A 3409500 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 114476 Fc 131336 Fc 129896 Fc 144034 Fc 142186 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 7967 8977 9769 8379 7260
Watermelons Production Quantity 71859 79630 90885 74599 64499
Watermelons Yield 90195.8 Fc 88704.5 Fc 93034.1 Fc 89030.9 Fc 88841.6 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 27103 18743 12739 9296 8500 F
Yams Production Quantity 116000 137055 141983 109121 135400 F
Yams Yield 42799.7 Fc 73123.3 Fc 111455 Fc 117385 Fc 159294 Fc
Yautia (cocoyam) Area Harvested 17483 22565 22587 17212 22500 F
Yautia (cocoyam) Production Quantity 175000 225873 244000 205900 231500 F
Yautia (cocoyam) Yield 100097 Fc 100099 Fc 108027 Fc 119626 Fc 102889 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

Top of page
2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 6570 Fm 6570 Fm 6570 Fm 6530 Fm 6620 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 14.3 I 14.3 I 14.3 I 14.3 I
Arable land Area 3550 Fm 3550 Fm 3550 Fm 3500 Fm 3573 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 3940 Fm 3940 Fm 3940 Fm 3900 Fm 3991 Q
Country area Area 10989 Fm 10989 Fm 10989 W 10989 W 10989 Q
Fallow land Area 1233 Q
Forest area Area 2904.6 Fm 2870 Q 2835.4 Fm 2800.8 Fm 2766.2 Fm
Inland water Area 345 Fm 345 Fm 345 Fm 345 Fm 345 Fm
Land area Area 10644 Fm 10644 Fm 10644 Fm 10644 Fm 10644 Q
Other land Area 1169.4 Fm 1204 Fm 1238.6 Fm 1313.2 Fm 1257.8 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area 232 Fm 232 Fm 232 Fm 232 Fm 231 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area 2398 Fm 2398 Fm 2398 Fm 2398 Fm 2398 Q
Permanent crops Area 390 Fm 390 Fm 390 Fm 400 Fm 418 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 2630 Fm 2630 Fm 2630 Fm 2630 Fm 2629 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 870 Fm 870 Fm 870 Fm 870 Fm 870 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 6630 Q 6637 Q 6528 Q 6638 Q 6654 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 15.4 I 15.4 I
Arable land Area 3634 Fm 3672 Fm 3706 Fm 3752 Fm 3798 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 4061 Q 4097 Q 4134 Q 4182 Q 4237 Q
Country area Area 10989 Q 10989 Q 10989 Q 10989 Q 10989 Q
Fallow land Area 1174 Q 1106 Q 1056 Q 989 Q 929 Q
Forest area Area 2731.6 Fm 2697 Q 2644.6 Fm 2592.2 Fm 2539.8 Fm
Inland water Area 346 Fm 345 Fm 348 Fm 349 Fm 350 Fm
Land area Area 10643 Q 10644 Q 10641 Q 10640 Q 10639 Q
Other land Area 1281.4 Fm 1310 Fm 1468.4 Fm 1409.8 Fm 1445.2 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area 237 Q 249 Q 262 Q 276 Q 287 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area 2332 Q 2291 Q 2132 Q 2180 Q 2130 Q
Permanent crops Area 427 Q 425 Q 428 Fm 430 W 439 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 2569 Q 2540 Q 2394 Q 2456 Q 2417 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 870 Fm 870 Fm 870 Fm 870 F 870 F
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files