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Datasheet

Colombia

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas) Present EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutonius Present Schotman, 1989.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesSpiroplasma kunkelii (corn stunt spiroplasma) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Hepatobacter penaei Present Aranguren et al., 2006.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight) Absent, invalid record van der Zwet, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2016.
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot) Present YesBradbury, 1986.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Present EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops) Present CABI and EPPO, 1999.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease) Present CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight) Present Bradbury, 1986; IMI, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew) Present Introduced YesArias et al., 1993; Buritica, 1993.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Present IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982; Cárdenas et al., 2011.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present CMI, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present Amano, 1986.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight) Widespread Native Garces, 1944; Pontis, 1951; Arbelaez, 1957; Mourichon, 1994; Borja et al., 1995; Marin et al., 2003; EPPO, 2014; IMI Herbarium, unda.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot) Present Introduced Varon de Agudelo et al., 1996; Bandyopadhyay et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast) Present Introduced Millar and Minter, 1980.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. elaeidis (fusarium wilt of oil palm) Unconfirmed record UK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMicrocyclus ulei (South American leaf blight of rubber) Present Native YesSorensen, 1945; CMI, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka) Present Introduced YesMerchan, 1990; Mourichon and Fullerton, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhoma tracheiphila (mal secco) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant) Present Chardon and Toro, 1930; CABI/EPPO , 2008.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease) Present Pinzón Ruíz, 2003.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora perniciosa (witches' broom disease of cacao) Present CMI, 1989; CMI, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora roreri (frosty pod rot) Present Introduced YesPhillips-Mora, 2003; Barros, 1977; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust) Present CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Restricted distribution Buritica et al., 1979; CIMMYT, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2015; Cadavid et al., 2012.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia psidii (myrtle rust) Present Mayor, 1913; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaSporisorium sacchari (Asian sugarcane smut) Absent, intercepted only Introduced Piepenbring, 2002.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaThecaphora solani (potato smut) Present Native Barrus, 1944; IMI, 1993; UK CAB International, 1993; Piepenbring, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) Present Ruiz and Rueda-Almonacid, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellus Present Introduced Feijoo et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrius cingulatus (pink-spotted hawkmoth) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly) Present EPPO, 2014; Mound and Halsey, 1978; CIE, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014. NHM, unda
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurotrachelus atratus (palm-infesting whitefly) Present Introduced Howard et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle) Darwin, 1854.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly) Widespread Introduced YesWulp, 1899; Stone, 1942a; Núñez Bueno, 1981; Norrbom, 2004b; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha grandis (South American cucurbit fruit fly) Localised Native NoStone, 1942a; Norrbom, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014; Núñez Bueno, 1981; Norrbom et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly) Widespread Native NoNunez Bueno, 1981; Norrbom, 2004a; Castañeda et al., 2010; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly) Widespread Native NoNúñez Bueno, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha striata (guava fruit fly) Present Native NoStone, 1942; Nunez Bueno, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil) Restricted distribution Introduced Warner, 1966; Lobaton and Garcia, 1981; Alvarez and Martinez, 1985; Toledo et al., 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Absent, unreliable record Ramos and Portilla Serna Cardona, 2004; Kondo, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale) Present Native Mosquera, 1976; Lozano et al., 1977; Vargas et al., 1978; Kondo, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee) Present Introduced Tarpy, undated.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp) Present Native Van Stappen, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Present CIE, 1966; Kondo, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present CAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite) Present León et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab) Present Native NoTavares, 2002; Gulf States Marine Fisheries Commission, GSMFC.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid) Present Introduced YesSchotman, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis hellerii Widespread Introduced Campos and Türkay, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present CIE, 1988; Kondo, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present CIE, 1969; Kondo, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChthamalus proteus Present Native Dando and Southward, 1980.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid) Present Introduced YesCiesla, 1991; Watson et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Widespread Forero et al., 2008; OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrypticerya multicicatrices (multicicatrices fluted scale) Present Introduced YesKondo et al., 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite) Widespread Introduced YesWalker, 1853.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Introduced Rodríguez Coto et al., 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid) Widespread
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer) Present NHM, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug) Present CIE, 1972; Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug) Present García et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid) Present CIE, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid) Present NHM, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present CIE, 1966; Ben-Dov, 1994; Kondo, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Present Nakahara, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid) Present Rodas et al., 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGreenidea ficicola Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips) Present Denmark, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present Escobar et al., 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA)) Present Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer) Present Velez and Benavides, 1990; Baker, 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia) Present NHM collection
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant) Present Introduced YesNatural History Museum of Los Angeles County
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Present CABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLissorhoptrus oryzophilus (rice water weevil) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp) Present Native NoPerez Farfante , 1975; Perez and Kensley , 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug) Present Introduced YesKondo et al., 2012; Montes Rodríguez, 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Present Introduced NoCIE, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegaplatypus mutatus Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite) Restricted distribution Guerrero and Bellotti, 1980; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm) Present Native CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979; Smith and Cermeli, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug) Present Ben-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaergasilus longidigitus Present, few occurrences Introduced Fuentes et al., 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes minei Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina fulva Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present IIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn) Present Introduced Shrimp News, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug) Present Native NoMilena Varela et al., 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug) Present Introduced YesPortilla and Cardona, 2004; Granara et al., 2007; Kondo et al., 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus boerneri (pine woolly aphid) Present Rodas et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present Salinas, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present CIE, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer) Present Native Hodges, 1986; IIE, 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus elisae (banana mealybug) Present Gimpel and Miller, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite) Restricted distribution Introduced YesCarrillo et al., 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis pomonella (apple maggot) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present CIE, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSchistocerca nitens (gray bird grasshopper) Cardona, 2012; Song, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil) Present Vaurie, 1971; Wibmer and O'Brien, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedomerus macropus (liverfluke snail predator fly) Present Neff and Berg, 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth) Widespread Champ and Dyte, 1977.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant) Present Native ISSG, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant) Present Introduced Wetterer, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTecia solanivora (potato tuber moth) Widespread Botero et al., 1995; Palacios et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips) Present Introduced CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Present Smith and Cermeli, 1979; Anon., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present Rodriguez et al., 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer) Widespread Garcia, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale) Present CIE, 1962; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant) Present Native YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulus Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle) Present EPPO, 2014; Wood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAequidens pulcher (blue acara) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmatitlania nigrofasciata (convict cichlid) Present, few occurrences Introduced Herrera-R et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp) Present Introduced NoWelcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar) Widespread Native NoKullander, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBoa imperator (Central American Boa) Widespread Native NoHynková et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret) Present Introduced NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichla ocellaris (peacock cichlid) Widespread Native Winemiller, 2001; Kullander and Ferreira, 2006; Willis et al., 2012; Espínola et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenosaura similis (black spiny-tailed iguana) Localised Introduced YesTamsitt and Valdivieso, 1963.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Present Introduced NoWelcomme, 1988; FAO, 1996; Lever, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse) Localised Introduced Grubb, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes javanicus (small Indian mongoose) Present Introduced NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHoplosternum littorale (armoured catfish) Present Native NoFishBase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp) Present Introduced FishBase, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypostomus plecostomus (suckermouth catfish) Present Introduced Lopez et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana) Present Native Leenders, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse) Present Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004; Bartley, 2006; Leal-Flórez et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia latipinna (sailfin molly) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy) Widespread Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoGonzalez et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog) Present Introduced Kraus, 2009; Santos-Barrera et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat) Present Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Introduced IUCN, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThorichthys meeki (firemouth cichlid) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Lever, 1996; Froese and Pauly, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus hellerii Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish) Present Narváez and Zapata, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail) Present Introduced Hausdorf, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug) Present Introduced YesHausdorf, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug) Present Introduced YesSimroth, 1910; Hausdorf, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Present Introduced NoSchoonhoven and Cardona, 1980.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn) Widespread Native NoHorne et al., 1992; Cowie and Thiengo, 2003; Cowie and Hayes, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania) Localised Introduced YesVelásquez et al., 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilopsis sallei (Caribbean false mussel) Widespread Native NoPuyana, 1995; Vilardy and Polanía, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail) Present Introduced Hausdorf, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster) Present Native NoLeal, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail) Present, few occurrences Introduced Hayes et al., 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Present Perdomo et al., 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode) Restricted distribution Introduced Franco et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode) Restricted distribution Native BAEZA, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera tabacum (tobacco cyst nematode) Present Shepherd and Barker, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present Sher, 1966; Gomez-Tovar, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode) Present Gomez-Tovar and Medina, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present Taylor et al., 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode) Present Bastidas and Montealegre, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode) Widespread Wehunt and Edwards, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Present Loos, 1961; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRhadinaphelenchus cocophilus (red ring nematode) Widespread Cabrera, 1965; CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode) Widespread Olivares, 1969; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Present OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae) Present Guiry and Guiry, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum appendiculatum (palm fern) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum cordatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern) Widespread Native GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern) Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Present Native Thomson and Alonso-Amelot, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minima Present Native GBIF, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spicifera Present Native Taylor, 1960.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformis Present Native Taylor, 1960; Díaz-Pulido and Díaz-Ruíz, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow) Present Introduced Achigan-Dako, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia caven (Roman cassie) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle) Present Introduced CSIRO, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache) Present Native ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia glauca (wild dividivi) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle) Present Introduced PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia macracantha Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcalypha virginica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur) Present Native YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene indica (Indian jointvetch) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia carbonaria Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda) Present Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail) Present Introduced Randall, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger) Present Introduced Idárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera caracasana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover) Present Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth) Present USDA-ARS, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Native Davidse et al., 2015; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill) Present Introduced Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya) Present Native Morton, 1987; Bircher and Bircher, 2000; Orwa et al., 2009; Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop) Present Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart) Present Native Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple) Present Native Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2015; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine) Present Introduced Idárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015; Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2015; Weeds of Australia, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia littoralis (elegant dutchman's pipe) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia ringens (Dutchman’s pipe) Present Native Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit) Present Introduced Idarraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced YesI3N-Colombia, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2011; USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet) Present Introduced Idárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; Hafliger and Scholz, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi) Present Introduced Morton, 1987; Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus compressus (carpet grass) Present Maldonado and Velasquez, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifolius Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBatis maritima (saltwort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume) Present Introduced Idarraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack) Present Montenegro-Galvez and Criollo Escobar, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy) Present Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass) Present Introduced Pérez C et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa saccharoides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2013; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia candida (angel's trumpet) Present Introduced Alvarez, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush) Present Introduced GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014; Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalceolaria chelidonioides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalceolaria tripartita Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCananga odorata (perfume tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse) Present Introduced Galvez and Criollo, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum baccatum (pepper) Present Native Forzza et al., 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum) Introduced ILDIS, 2014; Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower) Present Native ILDIS, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014; Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine) Present Native NoGBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree) Widespread Native PIER, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia)) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present Introduced YesIdárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCecropia peltata (trumpet tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar) Present Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass) Present Introduced García-Ulloa et al., 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus clandestinus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur) Widespread Cardenas et al., 1972; Holm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present Native GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy) Present Native Kirkman, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine) Present only in captivity/cultivation Native Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris) Present Hafliger and Scholz, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed) Present Native Gautier, 1992b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinchona pubescens (quinine tree) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower) Present Introduced Idárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum thomsoniae (bleeding glory bower) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse) Present Native Holm et al., 1979; PIER, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClusia rosea Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut) Present Introduced Henderson et al., 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro) Present Introduced Idárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower) Present Ciba, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCopaifera officinalis (copaiba balsam) Present Pieri et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014; Sherff, 1932.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia) Present Introduced Govaerts and Barker, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCroton argenteus (silver July croton) Present Native Govaerts, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine) Present Introduced NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed) Present Barroso, 1954; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress) Present Introduced Idárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyclanthera pedata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (citronella grass) Present Cardona, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass) Localised Introduced eMonocot, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Widespread Introduced YesIABIN, 2014; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon plectostachyus (African stargrass) Present Introduced Heuzé et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Fischer et al., 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 1994; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge) Present Häfliger et al., 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus meyenianus (Meyen's flatsedge) Present Native GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Holm et al., 1979; Holm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple) Present Introduced NoGBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura inoxia (Downy Thornapple) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura) Present only in captivity/cultivation Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed) Present Native ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium caricosum (nadi blue grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria fuscescens (yellow crab grass) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2016; Giraldo-Cañas, 2011; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe) Present Native Wunderlin and Hansen, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam) Present Introduced Idárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011; FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato) Present Introduced Idárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel) Present Introduced GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed) Present Native Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Holm et al., 1979; Fischer et al., 1993a; Bastidas Lopez, 1996; IABIN, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1991; Fischer et al., 1993; IABIN, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinodorus grisebachii Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinodorus horizontalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009; USDA-ARS, 2009; World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Widespread Native YesGopal, 1987; PIER, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm) Present FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower) Present Introduced Idárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower) Present Hincapie et al., 1993; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEntada gigas Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed) Present Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012; GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane) Present Introduced Pruski, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina berteroana (coralbean) Present Native ILDIS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina poeppigiana (coral tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEtlingera elatior (torch ginger) Present Introduced Idárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge) Present Native PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge) Present Introduced Little et al., 1974.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Present Introduced eMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig) Present only in captivity/cultivation Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree) Present WBN Flora Database, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig) Present Introduced Flora of Nicaragua, 2014; Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Flora Mesoamericana, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus uhdei (tropical ash) Present Introduced Filgueira et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp) Present Native Govaerts and Barker, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket) Present Introduced Idarraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Restricted distribution Montenegro-Gálvez and Criollo-Escobar, 1978; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom) Present Introduced Garcia-Barriga and Forero, 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeoffroea decorticans (Chilean palo verde) Present, few occurrences Native Burkart, 1949.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002; WAC, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelanthium tenellum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliconia bihai (macaw flower) Present Native Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliocarpus americanus (white moho) Widespread Native NoLay, 1949; USDA-ARS, 2012; Grandtner and Chevrette, 2013; Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope) Present Johnston, 1928; Holm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum flexuosum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne) Widespread Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass) Present Introduced YesIABIN, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) Present Introduced PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo) Present PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory) Present Introduced Gunn and Ritchie, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning-glory) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea imperati Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present Native Davidse et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1979; Hallman, 1984; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014; Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush) Widespread Native NoCSIRO, 1998; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009; Ocampo and Balick, 2009; USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Balslev, 1996; Kirschner, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut) Present Native Idárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells) Present Introduced Boiteau and Allorge-Boiteau, 1995; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle) Present Introduced Idárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Present Native Morton, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLaunaea intybacea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass) Present Pyrah, 1969.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minuta Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Native PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifolia Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum obtusifolium (border privet) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel) Present Introduced Idárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel) Present Introduced Coral et al., 1974; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose) Present Native GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2012; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose) Present Native USDA-ARS, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah) Present Zipcode Zoo, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum maritimum (pukamole) Present Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelicoccus bijugatus (Spanish lime) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present Introduced Cardenas and Coulston, 1967.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass) Present Introduced YesIABIN, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop) Widespread Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint) Widespread Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia) Localised Native Meyer, 1994b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine) Present Native Cock, 1980; PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant) Present Native Anon., 2001a; PIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa) Widespread Native Napompeth, 1982; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd) Present YesMorales et al., 1974; Scholz, 1988; Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse-radish tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry) Present Lim, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean) Present Native Bernal et al., 2011; Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1977; Plaza and Forero, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather) Present EPPO, 2014; Schmidt-Mumm and Posada, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam) Present Native ILDIS, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf) Present Daniel, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean) Present FAO, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru) Present Carmona and Jeffery, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco) Present only in captivity/cultivation Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea ampla (dot-leaf water-lily) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid) Present Introduced Garay and Taylor, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia elatior (red-flower prickly pear) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear) Present Native Benson, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice) Present Takeoka, 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis debilis (pink woodsorrel) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde) Present Native ILDIS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium) Localised Native Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum densum (dense crowngrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Native YesChase, 1929; Häfliger and Scholz, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Native Lansdown et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora antioquiensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower) Present Native NoKillip, 1938; Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora ligularis (sweet granadilla) Widespread Native Davidse et al., 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora maliformis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tarminiana (banana passionfruit) Present only in captivity/cultivation Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tripartita var. mollissima (banana passionfruit) Widespread Native NoKillip, 1938; Holm-Nielsen et al., 1988; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass) Restricted distribution Introduced Holm et al., 1979; PIER, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass) Present Introduced Hafliger and Scholz, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass) Present Introduced YesClayton et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed) Present Native Cardenas and Coulston, 1967; Idárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present ILDIS, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass) Present Introduced Kew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Present Native NoHolm et al., 1997; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice) Present Introduced Rodriguez, 1969.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper) Present Native Starr et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper auritum Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013; Encyclopedia of Life, EoL.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood) Present Introduced Cooper, 1956; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008; IABIN, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper) Present Hafliger and Wolf, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum nepalense (Nepal persicaria) Present Mena et al., 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite) Present Native YesBurkart, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis pallida (mesquite) Restricted distribution Native NoBurkart, 1976; Díaz Celis, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry) Present Introduced Vanhellemont, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava) Present World Agroforestry Centre, 2002; FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu) Present Introduced Idárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaQuamoclit hederifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary) Present only in captivity/cultivation Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Restricted distribution Introduced Holm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoystonea oleracea (Caribbean royal palm) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry) Present Introduced Idarraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRytidostylis carthagenensis Present Native Hassler, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia coccinea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia occidentalis (West Indian sage) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Native ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder) Present Introduced Ortiz de Boada & Cogua, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia parvibracteata (sanchezia) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia speciosa (shrubby whitevein) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue) Present Introduced Idárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort) Absent, unreliable record Introduced Najar et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio madagascariensis (fireweed) Restricted distribution Introduced Sindel et al., 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Widespread Introduced Mena et al., 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna) Present Native Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower) Present PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Widespread Native Holm et al., 1979; Palmer and Pullen, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna) Present Introduced Irwin and Barneby, 1982; ILDIS, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Present Introduced NoILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014; ILDIS, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail) Present Native GBIF, 2012; BLYDENSTEIN, 1967; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida) Present Native NoHolm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum americanum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014; Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade) Present Hanelt et al., 2001; Lim, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2014; Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato) Present USDA-ARS, 2014; Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum wendlandii Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Restricted distribution Introduced YesHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Giraldo-Cañas and Peterson, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed) Present, few occurrences Native Idárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011; Davidse et al., 2012; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain) Present Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed) Present Holm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia apetala (Panama tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStylosanthes hamata (Caribbean Stylo) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella) Widespread Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine) Present Native Croat, 1981; Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum) Present Introduced NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple) Present Introduced Morton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger) Present Native YesHolm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells) Widespread Native NoGentry, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan) Present Introduced YesIdárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady) Present Introduced Idarraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet) Present Introduced Idárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina urvilleana (princessflower) Present Gryzenhout et al., 2006; Almeda, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine) Present Holm et al., 1977; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Fernández et al., 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007; IABIN, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena sinuata (bur mallow) Present Native Idárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa brizantha (palisadegrass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa humidicola (koronivia grass) Unconfirmed record CAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle) Widespread Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibba Present Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena brasiliensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard) Present Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean) Present Native GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear) Present Native Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube) Present Introduced Morton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoUSDA-ARS, 2016; eMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictum Present Native NoBennett and Borrero, 1976.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusBanana streak disease Present Native YesDiekmann and Putter, 1996.
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf) Present Dubin et al., 1984; Fox et al., 1990.
Virusbluetongue virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2013; León et al., 2006a; Leon et al., 2006b; EPPO, 2014.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine arteritis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Reported present or known to be present Native OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize) Present Cordoba et al., 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
Virusmyxoma virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPapaya ringspot virus Widespread Torres and Giacometti, 1966; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusporcine epidemic diarrhea virus Present Piñeros and Mogollón, 2015.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca) Present ISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus Present Aranguren et al., 2013.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees Present EPPO, 2009; OIE, 2009.
actinomycosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
American foulbrood of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis Reported present or known to be present Kuttler et al., 1970; Corrier and Guzman, 1977; Zararaz and Parra, 1977; Patarroyo et al., 1978; Corrier et al., 1983; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
anthrax Disease not reported OIE, 2009; , 1971; OIE, 1997.
atrophic rhinitis of swine Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aujeszky's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian adenoviruses infections Widespread Morales et al., 1984.
avian chlamydiosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian influenza Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian leukosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian tuberculosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avipox Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
babesiosis Present OIE, 2009; Zips, 1989; Nowak, 1990; Zintz, 1990.
blackleg Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Homan et al., 1992; OIE, 1999.
Borrelia anserina infections Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
botulism Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine anaplasmosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Present OIE, 2009.
bovine papular stomatitis Present González et al., 1985.
bovine parainfluenza 3 infection Present Betancur et al., 2010.
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infection Present Betancur et al., 2011.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea Present OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Present OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Chytridiomycosis Present Ruiz and Rueda-Almonacid, 2008.
classical swine fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestation Widespread Forero et al., 2008.
contagious agalactia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Denman island disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dourine Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic abortion of ewes Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 1999.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine infectious anaemia Present OIE, 2009.
equine influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Present OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Escherichia coli infections Present Mattar and Vasquez, 1998.
European foulbrood Present Schotman, 1989; OIE, 2009.
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtles Present Herbst, 1994.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Reported present or known to be present Native OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Present OIE, 2009; Kitching, 1998.
fowl cholera Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
glanders Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
horse pox Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious bursal disease Present OIE, 2009.
infectious coryza Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a.
infectious salmon anaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
koi herpesvirus disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis Present Travi et al., 2001.
leptospirosis Present OIE, 2009.
listeriosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
malignant catarrhal fever Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Marek's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
myxomatosis Present OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
necrotizing hepatopancreatitis Present Aranguren et al., 2006.
Newcastle disease Present OIE, 2009.
Nipah virus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
paratuberculosis Present OIE, 2009; Mogollón et al., 1983.
peste des petits ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Plasmodium relictum infection Present Native NoBennett and Borrero, 1976.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine epidemic diarrhoea Present Piñeros and Mogollón, 2015.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Present OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis Disease never reported OIE, 1998; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rabies Present OIE, 2009.
red sea bream iridoviral disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Rift Valley fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultry Localised Solarte et al., 1999.
scrapie Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
small hive beetle infestation Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
strangles Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
surra Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine influenza Present Hanssen et al., 1977.
swine vesicular disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome Present Aranguren et al., 2013.
theileriosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
toxoplasmosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Trichinella Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Present OIE, 2009; Otte et al., 1994.
tuberculosis Last reported , 1997; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
tularaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
varroosis of honey bees Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Present OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Present OIE, 2009; Federer et al., 1967; Tesh et al., 1987.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
white spot disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
yellow head disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Agave Fibres Nes Area Harvested 17604 Im 16268 Im 16732 Im 16225 Im 17484 Im
Agave Fibres Nes Production Quantity 16393 Im 14222 Im 16062 Im 16162 Im 16699 Im
Agave Fibres Nes Yield 9312.09 Fc 8742.32 Fc 9599.57 Fc 9961.17 Fc 9551.02 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 120.51 214 95 87 306
Apples Production Quantity 1218.7 1699 1103 1050 2891
Apples Yield 101129 Fc 79392.5 Fc 116105 Fc 120690 Fc 94477.1 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 50 217 21 30 227
Asparagus Production Quantity 115 1647 82 117 1082
Asparagus Yield 23000 Fc 75898.6 Fc 39047.6 Fc 39000 Fc 47665.2 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 24531.5 30511 16901 18470 18833
Avocados Production Quantity 215322 201869 165175 183968 193996
Avocados Yield 87773.7 Fc 66162.7 Fc 97730.9 Fc 99603.7 Fc 103009 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 81844.4 80518 74112 72396 71075
Bananas Production Quantity 2136110 2034340 2020390 1987600 1819870
Bananas Yield 260996 Fc 252657 Fc 272613 Fc 274546 Fc 256049 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 8665 7061 7283 5669 4897
Barley Production Quantity 18196 12980 17567 11042 7730
Barley Seed 779.85 Fc 779.85 Fc 635.49 Fc 655.47 Fc 510.21 Fc
Barley Yield 20999.4 Fc 18382.7 Fc 24120.5 Fc 19477.9 Fc 15785.2 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 124114 126671 127759 131714 130656
Beans, dry Production Quantity 139601 148612 153576 160883 156236
Beans, dry Seed 8067.41 Fc 8067.41 Fc 8233.62 Fc 8304.33 Fc 8561.41 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 11247.8 Fc 11732.1 Fc 12020.8 Fc 12214.6 Fc 11957.8 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 1764 Im 1800 F 1806 2250 2217
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 10908 Im 11612 Im 12000 F 14500 F 14451
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 61836.7 Fc 64511.1 Fc 66445.2 Fc 64444.4 Fc 65182.7 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 2693 Im 3000 F 4112 Im 3914 Im 3700 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 156297 Im 150000 F 161941 Im 159364 Im 145000 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 580382 Fc 500000 Fc 393825 Fc 407164 Fc 391892 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 9901.2 10942 10593 10142 8144
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 263908 259665 299170 299452 230832
Carrots and turnips Yield 266541 Fc 237310 Fc 282422 Fc 295259 Fc 283438 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 222583 223063 164754 165170 165588
Cassava Production Quantity 2264460 2363530 2202210 1803910 1793920
Cassava Yield 101736 Fc 105958 Fc 133667 Fc 109215 Fc 108336 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 552.58 532 498 791 776
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 10551 9566 9269 14113 14848
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 190941 Fc 179812 Fc 186125 Fc 178420 Fc 191340 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 1036700 A 975193 A 1185990 A 1133020 A 1070030 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 3333840 A 3276960 A 3770570 A 3777320 A 3443360 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 83749.6 A 83749.6 A 85840.3 A 101968 A 88680.1 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 32158.2 Fc 33603.2 Fc 31792.6 Fc 33338.5 Fc 32180 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1036700 A 975193 A 1185990 A 1133020 A 1070030 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4180900 A 4080230 A 4764650 A 4707130 A 4213700 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 83749.6 A 83749.6 A 85840.3 A 101968 A 88680.1 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 40328.9 Fc 41840.3 Fc 40174.5 Fc 41545 Fc 39379.2 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested
Chick peas Production Quantity
Chick peas Seed
Chick peas Yield
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 4039 Im 4500 F 4825 Im 4592 Im 4340 Im
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 52099 Im 50000 F 55842 Im 54953 Im 50000 F
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 128990 Fc 111111 Fc 115735 Fc 119671 Fc 115207 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 43032 Im 42000 F 41549 Im 44723 Im 43000 F
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 759138 Im 730000 F 732218 Im 778266 Im 750000 F
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 176412 Fc 173810 Fc 176230 Fc 174019 Fc 174419 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 88821.3 A 89552 A 79359 A 86412 A 87403 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1310220 A 1257840 A 1167530 A 1264040 A 1279410 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 147512 Fc 140459 Fc 147120 Fc 146280 Fc 146380 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 595746 A 501355 A 628473 A 667844 A 666683 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1619520 A 1652230 A 1755080 A 1875710 A 1863610 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 18149.7 A 18149.7 A 15216.8 A 19059.7 A 19983.3 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 27184.7 Fc 32955.4 Fc 27926 Fc 28086 Fc 27953.5 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 99205 95641 127988 90959 86937
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 44241 39534 49348 44740 39904
Cocoa beans Yield 4459.55 Fc 4133.58 Fc 3855.67 Fc 4918.7 Fc 4589.99 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 13976 Im 12800 F 13700 F 15500 F 16000 F
Coconuts Production Quantity 105000 F 101105 * 96000 * 109150 * 110000 *
Coconuts Yield 75128.8 Fc 78988.3 Fc 70073 Fc 70419.4 Fc 68750 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 739413 750224 768000 * 732656 797660
Coffee, green Production Quantity 468120 514128 887661 688680 757080
Coffee, green Yield 6330.97 Fc 6852.99 Fc 11558.1 Fc 9399.77 Fc 9491.26 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 25800 F 12000 F 23000 F 25600 F 42037
Cottonseed Production Quantity 32200 F 15000 F 32000 F 35000 F 55000 F
Cottonseed Seed 1560 Fc 1560 Fc 1335.03 Fc 1201.05 Fc 1319.37 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 1417.74 1565 1466 1000 F 800 F
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 22127.1 23210 21800 15000 F 10500 F
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 156073 Fc 148307 Fc 148704 Fc 150000 Fc 131250 Fc
Dates Area Harvested 3 1.5 2 2 5
Dates Production Quantity 30 16 20 20 20
Dates Yield 100000 Fc 106667 Fc 100000 Fc 100000 Fc 40000 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 269 Im 300 F 311 310 305
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 5210 Im 5000 F 5293 5589 5152
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 193680 Fc 166667 Fc 170193 Fc 180290 Fc 168918 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 60340 A 60769 A 56767 A 60204 A 71981 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 42193 A 26222 A 39062 A 41762 A 58736 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 6992.54 Fc 4315.03 Fc 6881.11 Fc 6936.75 Fc 8159.93 Fc
Figs Area Harvested 104.04 103 96 82 82
Figs Production Quantity 1823.04 1690 1731 1640 1640
Figs Yield 175225 Fc 164078 Fc 180313 Fc 200000 Fc 200000 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 681230 A 664894 A 653206 A 697068 A 678536 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 8308860 A 7989940 A 7938250 A 8437480 A 8160530 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 121968 Fc 120169 Fc 121528 Fc 121042 Fc 120267 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 16393 Im 16000 F 16541 Im 17805 Im 17119 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 197584 Im 190000 F 193029 Im 205168 Im 197716 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 120529 Fc 118750 Fc 116697 Fc 115231 Fc 115495 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 44057 Im 43000 F 43142 Im 46000 F 46254 *
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 462762 Im 445000 F 446895 Im 475000 F 474442 *
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 105037 Fc 103488 Fc 103587 Fc 103261 Fc 102573 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 428.45 284 340 348 419
Garlic Production Quantity 6170.21 3351 3348 3372 5333
Garlic Yield 144012 Fc 117993 Fc 98470.6 Fc 96896.6 Fc 127279 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 2251.81 2925 2581 2394 2378
Grapes Production Quantity 24148.5 39272 40731 37376 37224
Grapes Yield 107240 Fc 134263 Fc 157811 Fc 156124 Fc 156535 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 3271 2948 2587 2310 2278
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 4425 3716 3852 2634 2586
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 400 F 400 F 400 F 400 F 400 F
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 13528 Fc 12605.2 Fc 14889.8 Fc 11402.6 Fc 11352.1 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 1894.9 1660.99 2290 4000 F 7879
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 4830.67 3638.43 16520 24500 F 30662
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 25493 Fc 21905.2 Fc 72139.7 Fc 61250 Fc 38916.1 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 6626.74 8118 5568 4632 6980
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 92697.8 87474 74301 65137 94452
Lemons and limes Yield 139884 Fc 107753 Fc 133443 Fc 140624 Fc 135318 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested 3919 Im 4000 F 3961 Im 4134 Im 4050 Im
Lentils Production Quantity 1127 Im 1200 F 1234 Im 1303 Im 1224 Im
Lentils Seed 195.95 Fc 195.95 Fc 200 Fc 198.05 Fc 206.7 Fc
Lentils Yield 2875.73 Fc 3000 Fc 3115.37 Fc 3151.91 Fc 3022.22 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 3164.08 2658 3380 3030 1090
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 56271.1 49300 70113 62538 17361
Lettuce and chicory Yield 177843 Fc 185478 Fc 207435 Fc 206396 Fc 159275 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 557071 464794 591890 623025 626616
Maize Production Quantity 1498270 1536290 1636640 1726550 1733290
Maize Seed 16712.1 Fc 16712.1 Fc 13943.8 Fc 17756.7 Fc 18690.8 Fc
Maize Yield 26895.5 Fc 33053.1 Fc 27651.1 Fc 27712.4 Fc 27661.1 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 28280.8 24262 18356 18080 18313
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 244581 243375 187343 174505 193429
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 86483.1 Fc 100311 Fc 102061 Fc 96518.3 Fc 105624 Fc
Natural rubber Production Quantity
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 218 Im 220 F 227 Im 221 Im 218 Im
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 909 Im 900 F 885 Im 965 Im 707 Im
Nuts, nes Yield 41697.3 Fc 40909.1 Fc 38986.8 Fc 43665.2 Fc 32431.2 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 3193 Im 3000 F 3200 F 3000 P 3200 F
Oats Production Quantity 4099 Im 4000 F 4300 F 4000 P 4300 F
Oats Seed 255.44 Fc 255.44 Fc 240 Fc 256 Fc 240 Fc
Oats Yield 12837.5 Fc 13333.3 Fc 13437.5 Fc 13333.3 Fc 13437.5 Fc
Oil palm fruit Area Harvested 165000 F 165000 F 165000 F 165000 F 165000 F
Oil palm fruit Production Quantity 3780000 F 3100000 F 3200000 F 3200000 F 3200000 F
Oil palm fruit Yield 229091 Fc 187879 Fc 193939 Fc 193939 Fc 193939 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 260644 A 252596 A 252322 A 257839 A 269225 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 199688 A 151474 A 167000 A 166591 A 174754 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 3013.84 A 3013.84 A 2899.11 A 2834.86 A 2899.28 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 7661.35 Fc 5996.69 Fc 6618.52 Fc 6461.04 Fc 6490.99 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 260644 A 252596 A 252322 A 257839 A 269225 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1074020 A 860416 A 915478 A 892126 A 897488 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 847.92 A 847.92 A 811.92 A 793.93 A 816.3 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 41206.4 Fc 34062.9 Fc 36282.1 Fc 34600.1 Fc 33336 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 17267.2 15302 15531 13469 15177
Onions, dry Production Quantity 378948 329793 310704 307831 315241
Onions, dry Yield 219461 Fc 215523 Fc 200054 Fc 228548 Fc 207710 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 30737 Im 30000 F 30481 Im 32500 F 32461
Oranges Production Quantity 343172 Im 330000 F 332114 Im 353000 F 352983
Oranges Yield 111648 Fc 110000 Fc 108958 Fc 108615 Fc 108741 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 2453.99 4859 2280 2339 2501
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 43749.9 51722 28494 39344 39956
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 178281 Fc 106446 Fc 124974 Fc 168209 Fc 159760 Fc
Palm kernels Production Quantity 212000 * 174000 * 179000 * 179000 * 180000 F
Palm oil Production Quantity 941400 * 753100 * 802400 * 777800 * 780000 *
Papayas Area Harvested 4971.59 8852 5993 5498 6064
Papayas Production Quantity 153180 263178 189007 207698 223945
Papayas Yield 308111 Fc 297309 Fc 315380 Fc 377770 Fc 369302 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 1489.52 1955 1165 1131 954
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 19848.5 20515 15880 15779 10917
Peaches and nectarines Yield 133254 Fc 104936 Fc 136309 Fc 139514 Fc 114434 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 1287.47 1449 994 1099 1123
Pears Production Quantity 15048.4 16511 12450 13579 14956
Pears Yield 116884 Fc 113948 Fc 125252 Fc 123558 Fc 133179 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 24495 Im 25000 F 26642 29056 26828
Peas, dry Production Quantity 46968 Im 50000 F 50088 54182 45725
Peas, dry Seed 979.8 Fc 979.8 Fc 1000 Fc 1065.68 Fc 1162.24 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 19174.5 Fc 20000 Fc 18800.4 Fc 18647.4 Fc 17043.8 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 25134 Im 28000 F 29864 Im 28424 Im 26867 Im
Peas, green Production Quantity 39595 Im 38000 F 40272 Im 39631 Im 36059 Im
Peas, green Yield 15753.6 Fc 13571.4 Fc 13485.1 Fc 13942.8 Fc 13421.3 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 12995 17111 11090 10686 10941
Pineapples Production Quantity 512496 398010 427766 436044 434574
Pineapples Yield 394379 Fc 232605 Fc 385722 Fc 408052 Fc 397198 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 371398 345109 379863 414129 394655
Plantains Production Quantity 2957360 2815050 3011780 3379740 3218800
Plantains Yield 79627.8 Fc 81569.9 Fc 79285.9 Fc 81610.8 Fc 81559.8 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 1546.91 1764 1667 1698 1723
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 12097.6 14259 14317 10355 15994
Plums and sloes Yield 78204.9 Fc 80833.3 Fc 85884.8 Fc 60983.5 Fc 92826.5 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 114039 141967 123659 134812 169078
Potatoes Production Quantity 1998250 2121880 2272770 2372860 2823360
Potatoes Seed 96515 F 96515 F 96515 100766 119896
Potatoes Yield 175225 Fc 149463 Fc 183793 Fc 176013 Fc 166986 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 154292 A 157471 A 160168 A 167154 A 163751 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 198604 A 211424 A 216898 A 230868 A 217636 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 9243.16 A 9243.16 A 9433.62 A 9568.06 A 9930.35 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 12872 Fc 13426.2 Fc 13541.9 Fc 13811.7 Fc 13290.7 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 3411 Im 3800 F 4058 Im 3862 Im 3650 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 67729 Im 65000 F 67010 Im 65944 Im 60000 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 198561 Fc 171053 Fc 165131 Fc 170751 Fc 164384 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested
Rapeseed Production Quantity
Rapeseed Seed
Rapeseed Yield
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 430089 464794 543146 443584 383691
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 2543710 2412220 2985220 2792230 2313310
Rice, paddy Seed 64513.4 Fc 64513.4 Fc 69719.1 Fc 81471.9 Fc 66537.6 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 59143.8 Fc 51898.7 Fc 54961.7 Fc 62947 Fc 60291 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 8434 Im 8638 Im 7214 Im 7415 Im 8200 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 94490 Im 100047 Im 97824 Im 91064 Im 100000 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 112035 Fc 115822 Fc 135603 Fc 122811 Fc 121951 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 378482 A 387625 A 323718 A 332738 A 367971 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4704190 A 4980830 A 4870150 A 4533590 A 4978470 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 96515 A 96515 A 96515 A 100766 A 119896 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 124291 Fc 128496 Fc 150444 Fc 136251 Fc 135295 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 42736 44501 40035 43979 54497
Seed cotton Production Quantity 76772 35639 70926 76603 125564
Seed cotton Yield 17964.3 Fc 8008.58 Fc 17716 Fc 17418.1 Fc 23040.5 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 3000 * 3000 * 4000 * 5000 * 5000 *
Sesame seed Production Quantity 2000 * 2000 * 3000 * 3000 * 3000 *
Sesame seed Seed 24 Fc 24 Fc 24 Fc 32 Fc 40 Fc
Sesame seed Yield 6666.67 Fc 6666.67 Fc 7500 Fc 6000 Fc 6000 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 26817 26500 F 26100 36150 31970
Sorghum Production Quantity 98954 98964 96570 134117 118289
Sorghum Seed 402.26 Fc 402.26 Fc 397.5 Fc 391.5 Fc 542.25 Fc
Sorghum Yield 36899.7 Fc 37344.9 Fc 37000 Fc 37100.1 Fc 37000 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 32661 24347 27000 26050 26450
Soybeans Production Quantity 78386 54207 59400 56200 52900
Soybeans Seed 2600 F 2600 F 2600 F 2600 F 2600 F
Soybeans Yield 23999.9 Fc 22264.3 Fc 22000 Fc 21573.9 Fc 20000 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 1741 Im 1740 Im 2054 Im 2027 Im 2000 F
Spices, nes Production Quantity 19378 Im 16998 Im 19760 Im 19380 Im 19000 F
Spices, nes Yield 111304 Fc 97689.7 Fc 96202.5 Fc 95609.3 Fc 95000 Fc
Spinach Area Harvested 388.55 431 312 296 223
Spinach Production Quantity 7915.1 8414 5300 4845 4073
Spinach Yield 203709 Fc 195220 Fc 169872 Fc 163682 Fc 182646 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 1133.92 1567 1249 1099 1308
Strawberries Production Quantity 45023.4 47317 43101 43920 40710
Strawberries Yield 397060 Fc 301959 Fc 345084 Fc 399636 Fc 311239 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 827.03 969 1169 1308 578
Sugar beet Production Quantity 21367.5 18979 30043 29689 11074
Sugar beet Yield 258364 Fc 195862 Fc 256997 Fc 226980 Fc 191592 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 190000 171633 379505 383388 410201
Sugar cane Production Quantity 22727800 20272600 38500000 F 38500000 F 38500000 F
Sugar cane Yield 1196200 Fc 1181160 Fc 1014480 Fc 1004200 Fc 938564 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested F F F F F
Sunflower seed Production Quantity F F F F F
Sunflower seed Seed
Sunflower seed Yield
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 8425.59 9434 1761 4557 4962
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 115216 110365 28898 67634 81970
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 136745 Fc 116986 Fc 164100 Fc 148418 Fc 165195 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 59 Im 60 55 60 60
Tea Production Quantity 122 Im 132 134 120 120
Tea Yield 20678 Fc 22000 Fc 24363.6 Fc 20000 Fc 20000 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 13132 Im 12978 Im 12768 14321 10817
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 23283 Im 19315 Im 21048 21176 18109
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 17730 Fc 14882.9 Fc 16485 Fc 14786.7 Fc 16741.2 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 15184.8 16227 16943 16736 15783
Tomatoes Production Quantity 595299 546322 514587 490929 474317
Tomatoes Yield 392036 Fc 336675 Fc 303717 Fc 293337 Fc 300524 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 218 A 220 A 227 A 221 A 218 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 909 A 900 A 885 A 965 A 707 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 41697.3 Fc 40909.1 Fc 38986.8 Fc 43665.2 Fc 32431.2 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 8976 Im 10000 F 10506 Im 10000 F 9651
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 104198 Im 100000 F 101617 Im 100000 F 101487
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 116085 Fc 100000 Fc 96722.8 Fc 100000 Fc 105157 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 103698 A 115524 A 115184 A 111056 A 109123 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1907960 A 1831090 A 1802220 A 1775340 A 1631040 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 183993 Fc 158503 Fc 156465 Fc 159859 Fc 149468 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 103698 A 115524 A 115184 A 111056 A 109123 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1907960 A 1831090 A 1802220 A 1775340 A 1631040 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 183993 Fc 158503 Fc 156465 Fc 159859 Fc 149468 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 6472.14 11246 7854 7773 7591
Watermelons Production Quantity 92947.4 136462 90861 87813 89138
Watermelons Yield 143612 Fc 121343 Fc 115688 Fc 112972 Fc 117426 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 10865 9044 14369 21592 19658
Wheat Production Quantity 17669 15780 24349 39191 36778
Wheat Seed 1086.5 Fc 1086.5 Fc 904.4 Fc 1436.9 Fc 2159.2 Fc
Wheat Yield 16262.3 Fc 17448 Fc 16945.5 Fc 18150.7 Fc 18708.9 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 33426 13957 28091 25341 25105
Yams Production Quantity 346986 395374 297350 265752 261188
Yams Yield 103807 Fc 283280 Fc 105852 Fc 104870 Fc 104038 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Agave Fibres Nes Area Harvested 17553 Im 17500 F 17294 17094 17391
Agave Fibres Nes Production Quantity 14912 Im 22000 F 21498 20508 19884
Agave Fibres Nes Yield 8495.41 Fc 12571.4 Fc 12430.9 Fc 11997.2 Fc 11433.5 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 424 413 450 470 478
Apples Production Quantity 4518 4435 4766 5190 5327
Apples Yield 106557 Fc 107385 Fc 105911 Fc 110426 Fc 111444 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 209 630 714 408 776
Asparagus Production Quantity 1254 2830 3284 1838 3380
Asparagus Yield 60000 Fc 44920.6 Fc 45994.4 Fc 45049 Fc 43556.7 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 17641 16108 15967 15540 14042
Avocados Production Quantity 191710 171603 170985 163177 142700
Avocados Yield 108673 Fc 106533 Fc 107086 Fc 105005 Fc 101624 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 73469 67405 62985 56702 55363
Bananas Production Quantity 1863750 1798710 1702570 1647700 1561060
Bananas Yield 253678 Fc 266851 Fc 270314 Fc 290589 Fc 281968 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 4611 5606 5539 4485 6435
Barley Production Quantity 6591 9058 8370 6963 10719
Barley Seed 440.73 Fc 414.99 Fc 504.54 Fc 498.51 Fc 403.65 Fc
Barley Yield 14294.1 Fc 16157.7 Fc 15111 Fc 15525.1 Fc 16657.3 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 120577 124611 113650 114854 109327
Beans, dry Production Quantity 136514 143834 127194 124920 117123
Beans, dry Seed 8492.64 Fc 7837.5 Fc 8099.71 Fc 7387.25 Fc 7465.51 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 11321.7 Fc 11542.6 Fc 11191.7 Fc 10876.4 Fc 10713.1 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 2245 1938 1795 1887 1608
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 13390 11968 10015 4312 3226
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 59643.7 Fc 61754.4 Fc 55793.9 Fc 22851.1 Fc 20062.2 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 3600 F 3510 3432 3151 3100 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 143000 F 142821 139972 126511 125000 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 397222 Fc 406897 Fc 407844 Fc 401495 Fc 403226 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 7824 7088 6063 5873 5036
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 226079 213670 179665 174283 144980
Carrots and turnips Yield 288956 Fc 301453 Fc 296330 Fc 296753 Fc 287887 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 164335 150963 152494 156664 159660
Cassava Production Quantity 1703140 1613970 1655470 1668480 1646090
Cassava Yield 103638 Fc 106912 Fc 108560 Fc 106501 Fc 103100 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 723 702 711 674 617
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 13899 13510 13787 12386 10468
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 192241 Fc 192450 Fc 193910 Fc 183769 Fc 169660 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 1050820 A 1080920 A 1211640 A 1158030 A 1065180 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 3223530 A 3478130 A 3885120 A 3707870 A 3158550 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 79494.2 A 78161.9 A 82288.8 A 96134.4 A 91937.9 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 30676.5 Fc 32177.5 Fc 32065 Fc 32018.9 Fc 29652.7 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1050820 A 1080920 A 1211640 A 1158030 A 1065180 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3972110 A 4267990 A 4853170 A 4624550 A 3955510 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 79494.2 A 78161.9 A 82288.8 A 96134.4 A 91937.9 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 37800.3 Fc 39484.7 Fc 40054.5 Fc 39934.8 Fc 37134.6 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested
Chick peas Production Quantity
Chick peas Seed
Chick peas Yield
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 4200 F 4128 3543 3582 2147
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 49500 F 49315 47555 44530 53218
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 117857 Fc 119465 Fc 134222 Fc 124316 Fc 247871 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 42000 F 42423 40677 42278 42000 F
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 740000 F 746306 715741 705135 700000 F
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 176190 Fc 175920 Fc 175957 Fc 166785 Fc 166667 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 84198 A 61645 A 57935 A 56765 A 75687 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1332750 A 1020820 A 959750 A 914030 A 1123880 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 158287 Fc 165597 Fc 165660 Fc 161020 Fc 148491 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 653401 A 653158 A 698582 A 664198 A 633765 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1697720 A 1852090 A 1902660 A 1825200 A 1521440 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 19974.8 A 19401.8 A 19064.7 A 20327 A 19058.1 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 25982.7 Fc 28356 Fc 27236 Fc 27479.7 Fc 24006.4 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 77320 80650 73674 86784 83406
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 35258 37099 38753 41704 34002
Cocoa beans Yield 4560.01 Fc 4600 Fc 5260.06 Fc 4805.49 Fc 4076.69 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 16500 F 15343 14850 13114 12040
Coconuts Production Quantity 115579 107927 103062 104847 95854
Coconuts Yield 70047.9 Fc 70342.8 Fc 69402 Fc 79950.4 Fc 79613 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 785535 806884 771219 721362 710510
Coffee, green Production Quantity 724740 667140 674400 694080 696840
Coffee, green Yield 9226.07 Fc 8268.1 Fc 8744.6 Fc 9621.8 Fc 9807.6 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 37539 55382 55552 34307 31000 F
Cottonseed Production Quantity 51375 59577 81376 50702 58000 F
Cottonseed Seed 1634.91 Fc 1677.96 Fc 2120.01 Fc 1987.74 Fc 1329.84 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 800 F 922 1058 625 580 F
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 6000 F 5981 7861 12064 5500 F
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 75000 Fc 64869.8 Fc 74300.6 Fc 193024 Fc 94827.6 Fc
Dates Area Harvested 6 6 6 6 4
Dates Production Quantity 26 28 24 30 12
Dates Yield 43333.3 Fc 46666.7 Fc 40000 Fc 50000 Fc 30000 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 284 264 176 201 135
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 3757 3175 3343 3632 1879
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 132289 Fc 120265 Fc 189943 Fc 180697 Fc 139185 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 73485 A 88167 A 83552 A 61422 A 61257 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 52451 A 77382 A 77050 A 54815 A 50884 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 7137.65 Fc 8776.75 Fc 9221.8 Fc 8924.33 Fc 8306.64 Fc
Figs Area Harvested 74 74 84 79 65
Figs Production Quantity 1480 1480 1670 1323 1089
Figs Yield 200000 Fc 200000 Fc 198810 Fc 167468 Fc 167538 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 663429 A 628994 A 621827 A 606953 A 623816 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 8066030 A 7417890 A 7262080 A 6966520 A 7128280 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 121581 Fc 117933 Fc 116786 Fc 114779 Fc 114269 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 16739 Im 15800 F 15600 F 15500 F 15000 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 195461 Im 178000 F 177000 F 176000 F 175000 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 116770 Fc 112658 Fc 113462 Fc 113548 Fc 116667 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 45769 * 42973 * 40586 * 39755 * 37539 *
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 465038 * 412169 * 421391 * 395501 * 366918 *
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 101605 Fc 95913.5 Fc 103827 Fc 99484.6 Fc 97743.1 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 375 417 322 207 121
Garlic Production Quantity 4300 3046 2962 2258 1224
Garlic Yield 114667 Fc 73045.6 Fc 91987.6 Fc 109082 Fc 101157 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 2147 1958 1328 1394 1150
Grapes Production Quantity 32588 24611 20167 20201 14527
Grapes Yield 151784 Fc 125695 Fc 151860 Fc 144914 Fc 126322 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 2262 1807 1573 1546 1314
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 2814 2111 1834 2050 1994
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 400 F 400 F 400 F 400 F 400 F
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 12440.3 Fc 11682.4 Fc 11659.3 Fc 13260 Fc 15175 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 5767 5504 6243 6586 6500 F
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 23970 52940 54183 51079 50000 F
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 41564.1 Fc 96184.6 Fc 86790 Fc 77556.9 Fc 76923.1 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 6855 6603 5694 5362 5239
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 92232 95235 86071 79798 72920
Lemons and limes Yield 134547 Fc 144230 Fc 151161 Fc 148821 Fc 139187 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested 3785 Im 3900 F 3800 F 3700 F 3600 F
Lentils Production Quantity 1063 Im 1100 F 1090 F 1070 F 1050 F
Lentils Seed 202.5 Fc 189.25 Fc 195 Fc 190 Fc 185 Fc
Lentils Yield 2808.45 Fc 2820.51 Fc 2868.42 Fc 2891.89 Fc 2916.67 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 825 984 927 881 919
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 12627 15341 15875 14398 14876
Lettuce and chicory Yield 153055 Fc 155904 Fc 171251 Fc 163428 Fc 161872 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 603562 576791 615855 570917 554850
Maize Production Quantity 1531150 1588320 1623210 1513950 1263540
Maize Seed 18798.5 Fc 18106.9 Fc 17303.7 Fc 18475.7 Fc 17127.5 Fc
Maize Yield 25368.6 Fc 27537.2 Fc 26357 Fc 26517.9 Fc 22772.6 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 17167 17193 17393 16586 15924
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 184074 185037 177905 175493 163694
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 107225 Fc 107623 Fc 102285 Fc 105808 Fc 102797 Fc
Natural rubber Production Quantity
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 220 F 210 148 137 135 F
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 610 F 606 479 383 380 F
Nuts, nes Yield 27727.3 Fc 28857.1 Fc 32364.9 Fc 27956.2 Fc 28148.2 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 3100 F 3000 * 3000 * 3000 * 3000 *
Oats Production Quantity 4100 F 4000 * 4000 * 4000 * 4000 *
Oats Seed 256 Fc 248 Fc 240 Fc 240 Fc 240 Fc
Oats Yield 13225.8 Fc 13333.3 Fc 13333.3 Fc 13333.3 Fc 13333.3 Fc
Oil palm fruit Area Harvested 165000 F 169564 157328 150399 145026
Oil palm fruit Production Quantity 3200000 F 3272500 3106500 2579460 2600000 F
Oil palm fruit Yield 193939 Fc 192995 Fc 197454 Fc 171508 Fc 179278 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 272994 A 291181 A 292060 A 255548 A 241473 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 174761 A 171754 A 189153 A 170839 A 164224 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 3060.2 A 3165.24 A 3615.45 A 4342.28 A 3612.2 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 6401.64 Fc 5898.53 Fc 6476.52 Fc 6685.21 Fc 6800.91 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 272994 A 291181 A 292060 A 255548 A 241473 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 828947 A 781479 A 739738 A 621354 A 620083 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 866.79 A 895.11 A 1009.52 A 1171.97 A 977.09 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 30365 Fc 26838.3 Fc 25328.3 Fc 24314.6 Fc 25679.2 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 15718 20996 20290 21317 18099
Onions, dry Production Quantity 274763 477815 464981 566567 418987
Onions, dry Yield 174808 Fc 227574 Fc 229168 Fc 265782 Fc 231497 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 29527 7183 6937 5914 25571
Oranges Production Quantity 405120 96179 88341 69163 297962
Oranges Yield 137203 Fc 133898 Fc 127348 Fc 116948 Fc 116523 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 1842 1944 1604 1835 1709
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 21669 32425 27267 32941 30533
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 117638 Fc 166795 Fc 169994 Fc 179515 Fc 178660 Fc
Palm kernels Production Quantity 178000 * 158172 145740 118772 115994
Palm oil Production Quantity 711000 * 672576 630400 526634 528400
Papayas Area Harvested 5721 5152 4464 4078 3715
Papayas Production Quantity 164606 140346 103870 91608 86912
Papayas Yield 287722 Fc 272411 Fc 232684 Fc 224640 Fc 233949 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 1048 926 639 583 625
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 12933 8554 6029 6027 4981
Peaches and nectarines Yield 123406 Fc 92375.8 Fc 94350.6 Fc 103379 Fc 79696 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 1228 1205 1209 1175 1006
Pears Production Quantity 15178 14770 15321 14726 12964
Pears Yield 123599 Fc 122573 Fc 126725 Fc 125328 Fc 128867 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 26421 27226 25642 26225 24708
Peas, dry Production Quantity 38063 38688 37016 39252 34113
Peas, dry Seed 1073.12 Fc 1056.84 Fc 1089.04 Fc 1025.68 Fc 1049 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 14406.3 Fc 14210 Fc 14435.7 Fc 14967.4 Fc 13806.5 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 26000 F 25648 25696 25946 25500 F
Peas, green Production Quantity 33000 F 32515 31957 35427 30500 F
Peas, green Yield 12692.3 Fc 12677.4 Fc 12436.6 Fc 13654.1 Fc 11960.8 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 9927 9546 9618 9393 8575
Pineapples Production Quantity 396995 378007 391488 390545 353490
Pineapples Yield 399914 Fc 395985 Fc 407037 Fc 415783 Fc 412233 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 385217 386252 391340 386607 392355
Plantains Production Quantity 3156980 3046280 3072800 2924180 3079180
Plantains Yield 81953.3 Fc 78867.7 Fc 78520 Fc 75637 Fc 78479.4 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 1738 1740 1438 1618 1509
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 15062 15122 13117 14195 13186
Plums and sloes Yield 86662.8 Fc 86908.1 Fc 91217 Fc 87731.8 Fc 87382.4 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 138843 120623 128694 130455 112616
Potatoes Production Quantity 2208070 1832920 2035930 2144160 1761060
Potatoes Seed 169000 F 138000 F 120000 F 128000 F 130000 F
Potatoes Yield 159034 Fc 151954 Fc 158199 Fc 164360 Fc 156377 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 153028 A 157675 A 144887 A 146666 A 139243 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 189030 A 195590 A 175315 A 169554 A 155512 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 9768.26 A 9083.59 A 9383.75 A 8602.93 A 8699.51 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 12352.6 Fc 12404.6 Fc 12100.1 Fc 11560.5 Fc 11168.4 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 3600 F 3510 3736 3766 3400 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 59000 F 58470 61642 67736 36500 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 163889 Fc 166581 Fc 164995 Fc 179862 Fc 107353 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested
Rapeseed Production Quantity
Rapeseed Seed
Rapeseed Yield
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 380372 408953 490032 469941 407909
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 2248000 2371930 2907040 2752780 2393280
Rice, paddy Seed 57553.6 Fc 57055.8 Fc 61343 Fc 73504.8 Fc 70491.1 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 59100 Fc 58000.1 Fc 59323.5 Fc 58577.1 Fc 58671.9 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 8100 F 8003 8258 8012 6000 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 94500 F 94103 95550 95023 64000 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 116667 Fc 117585 Fc 115706 Fc 118601 Fc 106667 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 335964 A 303360 A 315948 A 319904 A 299954 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4266400 A 3820730 A 4097160 A 4197860 A 3717590 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 169000 A 138000 A 120000 A 128000 A 130000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 126990 Fc 125947 Fc 129678 Fc 131222 Fc 123939 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 55932 70667 66258 44328 43866
Seed cotton Production Quantity 108150 138945 154733 92244 92211
Seed cotton Yield 19336 Fc 19661.9 Fc 23353.1 Fc 20809.4 Fc 21021.1 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 6000 * 3000 * 4051 4161 4727
Sesame seed Production Quantity 5000 * 2000 * 3161 2723 3096
Sesame seed Seed 40 Fc 48 Fc 24 Fc 32.41 Fc 33.29 Fc
Sesame seed Yield 8333.33 Fc 6666.67 Fc 7803.01 Fc 6544.1 Fc 6549.61 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 42128 67761 74188 85796 69480
Sorghum Production Quantity 155874 250716 267077 300286 243180
Sorghum Seed 479.55 Fc 631.92 Fc 1016.41 Fc 1112.82 Fc 1286.94 Fc
Sorghum Yield 37000.1 Fc 37000 Fc 36000 Fc 35000 Fc 35000 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 27300 30800 48000 42000 34500
Soybeans Production Quantity 54600 61600 77611 91980 81420
Soybeans Seed 2600 F 2700 F 3000 F 4000 F 3500 F
Soybeans Yield 20000 Fc 20000 Fc 16169 Fc 21900 Fc 23600 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 1900 F 1881 2054 1569 1500 F
Spices, nes Production Quantity 17500 F 17310 19063 14632 14000 F
Spices, nes Yield 92105.3 Fc 92025.5 Fc 92809.1 Fc 93256.9 Fc 93333.3 Fc
Spinach Area Harvested 222 198 174 95 106
Spinach Production Quantity 3614 3285 2631 1354 1600
Spinach Yield 162793 Fc 165909 Fc 151207 Fc 142526 Fc 150943 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 916 598 785 702 779
Strawberries Production Quantity 32884 17913 23228 26591 23362
Strawberries Yield 358996 Fc 299548 Fc 295898 Fc 378789 Fc 299897 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 679 702 719 702 876
Sugar beet Production Quantity 11671 12280 12740 12469 15491
Sugar beet Yield 171885 Fc 174929 Fc 177191 Fc 177621 Fc 176838 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 410060 406060 399509 398562 387669
Sugar cane Production Quantity 38450000 F 39849200 40000000 F 39000000 F 38000000 F
Sugar cane Yield 937668 Fc 981362 Fc 1001230 Fc 978518 Fc 980218 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested F F F F F
Sunflower seed Production Quantity F F F F F
Sunflower seed Seed
Sunflower seed Yield
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 5816 5436 4627 3211 2877
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 95397 83102 69597 59934 52999
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 164025 Fc 152873 Fc 150415 Fc 186652 Fc 184216 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 60 60 60 60 60
Tea Production Quantity 120 120 120 120 120
Tea Yield 20000 Fc 20000 Fc 20000 Fc 20000 Fc 20000 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 10680 17581 16122 16131 13511
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 20557 34940 32486 34458 26475
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 19248.1 Fc 19873.7 Fc 20150.1 Fc 21361.3 Fc 19595.1 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 16953 14908 15456 15202 16762
Tomatoes Production Quantity 443587 420061 402864 393318 411151
Tomatoes Yield 261657 Fc 281769 Fc 260652 Fc 258728 Fc 245288 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 220 A 210 A 148 A 137 A 135 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 610 A 606 A 479 A 383 A 380 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 27727.3 Fc 28857.1 Fc 32364.9 Fc 27956.2 Fc 28148.2 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 9052 9429 9480 9042 9302
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 98851 105227 107757 107671 106888
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 109203 Fc 111599 Fc 113668 Fc 119079 Fc 114909 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 105714 A 108265 A 107070 A 106344 A 101226 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1507200 A 1718410 A 1662500 A 1730790 A 1525220 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 142574 Fc 158722 Fc 155272 Fc 162754 Fc 150675 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 105714 A 108265 A 107070 A 106344 A 101226 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1507200 A 1718410 A 1662500 A 1730790 A 1525220 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 142574 Fc 158722 Fc 155272 Fc 162754 Fc 150675 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 7720 7483 7445 6953 6417
Watermelons Production Quantity 88332 85982 94914 82801 78537
Watermelons Yield 114420 Fc 114903 Fc 127487 Fc 119087 Fc 122389 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 17043 18811 23026 23887 23509
Wheat Production Quantity 26399 43963 43471 46571 40795
Wheat Seed 1965.8 Fc 1704.3 Fc 1881.1 Fc 2302.6 Fc 2388.7 Fc
Wheat Yield 15489.6 Fc 23370.9 Fc 18879.1 Fc 19496.4 Fc 17352.9 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 24686 23771 26502 24773 21678
Yams Production Quantity 260685 279732 310205 290194 246440
Yams Yield 105600 Fc 117678 Fc 117050 Fc 117141 Fc 113682 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 43785.6 Q 42503 Q 42540 Q 42614 Q 42436 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 41 Q 40 Q 47.78 Q 47.11 Q 44.3 Q
Arable land Area 2098 Fm 1764 Fm 1775 Fm 1830 Fm 1998 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 3998 Q 3353 Q 3354 Q 3461 Q 3570 Q
Country area Area 114175 Q 114175 Q 114175 Q 114175 Q 114175 Q
Fallow land Area 114 Q 112 Q 73 Q 66 Q 160 Q
Forest area Area 60398 Fm 60499 Q 60600 Fm 60701 Fm 60802 Fm
Inland water Area 3225 Fm 3225 Fm 3225 Fm 3225 Fm 3225 Fm
Land area Area 110950 Q 110950 Q 110950 Q 110950 Q 110950 Q
Other land Area 6766.4 Fm 7948 Fm 7810 Fm 7635 Fm 7712 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area 30923.4 Q 31236 Q 31625 Q 31521 Q 31445 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area 8864.2 Q 7914 Q 7561 Q 7632 Q 7421 Q
Permanent crops Area 1900 Fm 1589 Fm 1579 Fm 1631 Fm 1572 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 39787.6 Q 39150 Q 39186 Q 39153 Q 38866 Q
Temporary crops Area 1984 Fm 1652 Fm 1702 Fm 1764 Fm 1838 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 1087 I 1050 Fm 1000 Fm 1000 Fm 1000 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 42174 Q 42557 Q 42391 Q 42051 Q 41607 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 50.76 Q 45.7 I
Arable land Area 1904.6 Fm 2026 Fm 2238 Fm 2264 Fm 2211 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 3369.3 Q 3613 Q 3708 Q 3749 Q 3736 Q
Country area Area 114175 Q 114175 Q 114175 Q 114175 Q 114175 Q
Fallow land Area 108.2 Q 156 Q 102 Q
Forest area Area 60903 Fm 61004 Q 61105 Fm 61206 Fm 61307 Fm
Inland water Area 3225 Fm 3225 Fm 3225 Fm 3225 Fm 3225 Fm
Land area Area 110950 Q 110950 Q 110950 Q 110950 Q 110950 Q
Other land Area 7873 Fm 7389 Fm 7454 Fm 7693 Fm 8036 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area 31016.2 Q 30977 Q 30453 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area 7788.5 Q 7967 Q 8230 Q
Permanent crops Area 1464.7 Fm 1587 Fm 1470 Fm 1485 Fm 1525 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 38804.7 Q 38944 Q 38683 Q 38302 Q 37871 Q
Temporary crops Area 1796.4 Fm 1870 Fm 2136 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 1000 Fm 900 Fm 900 Fm 900 F 900 F
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files