Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Colombia

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Datasheet

Colombia

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)PresentEPPO (2020); Aliaga et al. (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresentSchotman (1989)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesSpiroplasma kunkelii (corn stunt spiroplasma)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2008)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Hepatobacter penaeiPresentAranguren et al. (2006)
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)Present, Few occurrencesCABI/EPPO (2017); EPPO (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiPresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Zwet (1993); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020); CABI/EPPO (2017)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive)PresentUK, CAB International (1983); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentInvasiveBradbury (1986); UK, CAB International (1987)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight)PresentBradbury (1986); UK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. vasculorum (sugarcane gumming disease)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew)PresentIntroducedInvasiveArias P. et al. (1993); Buriticá C. (1993)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982); Cárdenas et al. (2011)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentAmano (1986)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Present, WidespreadNativeGarces (1944); PONTIS and VIDELA] (1951); Arbelaez (1957); Mourichon (1994); Borja et al. (1995); Marin et al. (2003); EPPO (2020); Herb IMI (undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot)PresentIntroducedBandyopadhyay et al. (1998); CABI and EPPO (2006); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast)PresentIntroducedMillar and Minter (1980)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2015); IPPC (2019); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense tropical race 4 (TR4)PresentIPPC (2019); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. elaeidis (fusarium wilt of oil palm)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (Fusarium wilt)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMicrocyclus ulei (South American leaf blight of rubber)PresentNativeInvasiveSorensen (1945); UK, CAB International (1990); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMerchan (1990); Mourichon and Fullerton (1990); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhoma tracheiphila (mal secco)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentChardon and Toro (1930); CABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentPinzón Ruíz (2003)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAustropuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)PresentMayor (1913); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora perniciosa (witches' broom disease of cacao)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora roreri (frosty pod rot)PresentIntroducedInvasivePhillips-Mora (2003); Barros N. (1977); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, LocalizedBuritica et al. (1979); CIMMYT (1988)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); Cadavid et al. (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaSporisorium sacchari (Asian sugarcane smut)Absent, Intercepted onlyPiepenbring (2002)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaThecaphora solani (potato smut)PresentNativeBarrus (1944); UK, CAB International (1993); Piepenbring (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)PresentRuiz and Rueda-Almonacid (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedFeijoo et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrius cingulatus (pink-spotted hawkmoth)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentSchotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentEPPO (2020); Mound and Halsey (1978); UK, CAB International (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentNHM (undated); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurotrachelus atratus (palm-infesting whitefly)PresentIntroducedHoward et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentDarwin (1854)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWulp (1899); Stone (1942); Núñez Bueno (1981); Norrbom (2004); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha grandis (South American cucurbit fruit fly)Present, LocalizedNativeStone (1942); Norrbom (1991); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2020); Núñez Bueno (1981); Norrbom et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly)Present, WidespreadNativeNúñez Bueno (1981); Norrbom (2004); Castañeda et al. (2010); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly)Present, WidespreadNativeNúñez Bueno (1981); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha striata (guava fruit fly)PresentNativeStone (1942); Núñez Bueno (1981); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil)Present, LocalizedIntroducedWarner (1966); Lobaton G. and Garcia C. (1981); Alvarez and Martinez (1985); Toledo et al. (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI (Undated); Kondo (2001);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale)PresentNativeMosquera (1976); Lozano et al. (1977); Vargas et al. (1978); Kondo (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1966); Kondo (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentLeón et al. (2006); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentNativeTavares (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSchotman (1989); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiPresent, WidespreadIntroducedCampos and Türkay (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); Kondo (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); Kondo (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChthamalus proteusPresentNativeDando and Southward (1980)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCiesla (1991); Watson et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Present, WidespreadForero B. et al. (2008); OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrypticerya multicicatrices (multicicatrices fluted scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKondo et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWalker (1853)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina eucalypti (blue gum psyllid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadIntroducedRodríguez Coto et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1972); Ben-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus mackenzieiPresentCaballero et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug)PresentGarcía Morales et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid)PresentNHM (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1966); Ben-Dov (1994); Kondo (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentNakahara (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)PresentRodas et al. (2014); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGreenidea ficicolaPresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGymnandrosoma aurantianum (citrus fruit borer)PresentAdamski and Brown (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentDenmark (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentEscobar P. et al. (1985); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentSchotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentLeach et al. (1999); Cristancho et al. (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentNHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLissorhoptrus oryzophilus (rice water weevil)PresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)PresentNativeCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKondo et al. (2012); Montes Rodríguez (2012); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegaplatypus mutatusAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)Present, LocalizedGuerrero and Bellotti (1980); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentSmith and Cermeli (1979); UK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994); CABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)CABI (Undated); Seymour et al. (1985); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaergasilus longidigitusPresent, Few occurrencesIntroducedFuentes et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes mineiPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina fulvaPresentCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1990); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)PresentIntroducedShrimp News (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)PresentIntroducedInvasivePortilla and Cardona (2004); Granara de Willink et al. (2007); Kondo et al. (2008); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Present, WidespreadCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1986); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus boerneri (pine woolly aphid)PresentRodas et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentSalinas (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentUK, CAB International (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer)PresentNativeHodges (1986); UK, CAB International (1995); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus elisae (banana mealybug)PresentGimpel and Miller (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCarrillo et al. (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis pomonella (apple maggot)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSchistocerca nitens (gray bird grasshopper)PresentCardona (2012); Song (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil)PresentVaurie (1971); Wibmer and O'Brien (1986); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedomerus macropus (liverfluke snail predator fly)PresentNeff and Berg (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)Present, WidespreadChamp and Dyte (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentNativeISSG (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTecia solanivora (potato tuber moth)Present, WidespreadBotero et al. (1995); Palacios et al. (1998); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)PresentIntroducedCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentSmith and Cermeli (1979); CABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentRodriguez G. et al. (1996); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)Present, WidespreadGarcia Roa (1989); CABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1962); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentNativeInvasiveISSG (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)PresentEPPO (2020); Wood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAequidens pulcher (blue acara)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmatitlania nigrofasciata (convict cichlid)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); FishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar)Present, WidespreadNativeKullander (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBoa imperator (Central American Boa)Present, WidespreadNativeHynková et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichla ocellaris (peacock cichlid)Present, WidespreadNativeWinemiller (2001); Kullander and Ferreira (2006); Willis et al. (2012); Espínola et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedShireman and Smith (1983); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenosaura similis (black spiny-tailed iguana)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveTamsitt and Valdivieso (1963)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); FAO (1996); Lever (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGrubb (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes auropunctatus (small Indian mongoose)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLong (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHoplosternum littorale (armoured catfish)PresentNativeFishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFishBase (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypostomus plecostomus (suckermouth catfish)PresentIntroducedLopez Macias et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana)PresentNativeLeenders (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentSchotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004); Bartley (2006); Leal-Flórez et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)Present, LocalizedNativeFjeldså and Krabbe (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPiaractus brachypomus (pirapitinga)PresentNativeFishBase (2004); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia latipinna (sailfin molly)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)Present, WidespreadIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedGonzalez et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentNativeInvasiveKing (2016); IUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentIntroducedKraus (2009); Santos-Barrera et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentSchotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentIntroducedIUCN (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThorichthys meeki (firemouth cichlid)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Lever (1996); Froese R and Pauly D (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrichopodus trichopterus (three spot gourami)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiPresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral)PresentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish)PresentNarváez and Zapata (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveOssa-Lacayo et al. (2012); Vogler et al. (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)PresentIntroducedHausdorf (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHausdorf (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSimroth (1910); Hausdorf (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)PresentIntroducedSchoonhoven and Cardona (1980)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn)Present, WidespreadNativeHorne et al. (1992); Cowie and Thiengo (2003); Cowie and Hayes (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveVelásquez et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilopsis sallei (Caribbean false mussel)Present, WidespreadNativePuyana (1995); Vilardy and Polanía (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentIntroducedHausdorf (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentNativeLeal (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedHayes et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)PresentPerdomo P. et al. (1984); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedIntroducedFranco et al. (1998); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedNativeBaeza (1972); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera tabacum (tobacco cyst nematode)PresentShepherd and Barker (1990); CABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentSher (1966); Gomez Tovar (1980); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentTaylor et al. (1982); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode)PresentBastidas and Montealegre S. (1994); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)Present, WidespreadWehunt and Edwards (1968); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentLOOS (1961); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRhadinaphelenchus cocophilus (red ring nematode)Present, WidespreadCabrera (1965); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Present, WidespreadOlivares (1969); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumPresentOIE (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentGuiry and Guiry (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum appendiculatum (palm fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum cordatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)Present, WidespreadNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMacrothelypteris torresiana (swordfern)PresentIntroducedFlora Mesoamericana (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis hirsutula (sword fern)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeThomson and Alonso-Amelot (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minimaPresentNativeGBIF (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (kariba weed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaThelypteris opulenta (jewelled maiden fern)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedSmith (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeTaylor (1960)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeTaylor (1960); Díaz-Pulido and Díaz-Ruíz (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus moschatus (musk mallow)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)PresentIntroducedAchigan-Dako (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia caven (Roman cassie)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedCSIRO (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentNativeILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia glauca (wild dividivi)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcalypha virginicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)PresentNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene americana (shyleaf)PresentNativeILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene indica (Indian jointvetch)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia carbonaria (carbonero)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedVascular Plants of Antioquia (2016); ILDIS (2016); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentIntroducedRandall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger)PresentIntroducedIdárraga-Piedrahita et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera caracasanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera halimifolia (hairy joyweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1991); Missouri Botanical Garden (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentVascular Plants of Antioquia (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentNativeDavidse et al. (2015); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia peruviana (Peruvian ragweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedVascular Plants of Antioquia (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentNativeMorton (1987); Bircher and Bircher (2000); Orwa et al. (2009); Vascular Plants of Antioquia (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)Present, PlantedVascular Plants of Antioquia (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentNativeVascular Plants of Antioquia (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentNativeVascular Plants of Antioquia (2015); USA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedIdárraga-Piedrahita et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristida ternipes (spidergrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Vascular Plants of Antioquia (2015); Weeds of Australia (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia littoralis (elegant dutchman's pipe)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia ringens (Dutchman’s pipe)PresentNativeVascular Plants of Antioquia (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Colombia (2014); Missouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentNativeUSA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2011); USDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet)PresentIntroducedIdárraga-Piedrahita et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); Hafliger and Scholz (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus compressus (carpet grass)PresentMaldonado and Velasquez (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa monnieri (water hyssop)PresentBarringer (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBatis maritima (saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens subalternansPresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBontia daphnoides (white alling)PresentNativeMurcia et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa saccharoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBougainvillea spectabilis (great bougainvillea)PresentIntroducedGrandtner and Chevrette (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBreynia disticha (snowbush)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedMurillo (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2013); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromelia pinguin (wild pineapple)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia candida (angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedAlvarez (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014); Vascular Plants of Antioquia (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalceolaria chelidonioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalceolaria tripartitaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCananga odorata (perfume tree)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia ensiformis (jack bean)PresentIntroducedIdárraga-Piedrahita et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna x generalis (canna lily)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentIntroducedGalvez and Criollo E. (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009); Vascular Plants of Antioquia (2014); Aguilar-Meléndez et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum baccatum (pepper)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarludovica palmata (Panama hat plant)PresentNativeIUCN (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014); Vascular Plants of Antioquia (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)PresentNativeILDIS (2014); USDA-ARS (2014); Vascular Plants of Antioquia (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentNativeGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree)Present, WidespreadNativePIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIdárraga-Piedrahita et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCecropia peltata (trumpet tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentIntroducedGarcía-Ulloa et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)Present, WidespreadCardenas et al. (1972); Holm et al. (1977); Holm et al. (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy)PresentNativeKirkman (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationNativeVascular Plants of Antioquia (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentHafliger and Scholz (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentNativeGautier (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinchona pubescens (quinine tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower)PresentIntroducedIdárraga-Piedrahita et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum thomsoniae (bleeding glory bower)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedVascular Plants of Antioquia (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); PIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClusia roseaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedHenderson et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCodiaeum variegatum (garden croton)PresentSmithsonian Museum of Natural History (2016); Taborda et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedPinto-Escobar (1985); Idárraga-Piedrahita et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedIdárraga-Piedrahita et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentCiba Geigy (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCopaifera officinalis (copaiba balsam)PresentPieri et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia dentata (white manjack)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia jubata (purple pampas grass)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); Sherff (1932)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos)PresentNativeVascular Plants of Antioquia (2016); Robinson (2006); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia)PresentIntroducedGovaerts and Barker (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria maypurensis (rattlebox weed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCroton argenteus (silver July croton)PresentNativeGovaerts (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentBarroso (1954); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea hyssopifolia (false heather)PresentNativeFlora, Mesoamericana (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentIntroducedIdárraga-Piedrahita et al. (2011); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyclanthera pedataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2003); Pardo-Cardona (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedeMonocot (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2014); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentFischer et al. (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al. (1994); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus meyenianus (Meyen's flatsedge)PresentNativeGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Holm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura inoxia (Downy Thornapple)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationVascular Plants of Antioquia (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)PresentNativeILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium uncinatum (Silver-leaf desmodium)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium caricosum (nadi blue grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDieffenbachia seguine (dumb cane)PresentNativeHEAR (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedGiraldo-Cañas (2011); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria eriantha (pangola grass)PresentIntroducedGiraldo-Cañas (2011); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria fuscescens (yellow crab grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Giraldo-Cañas (2011); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe)PresentNativeWunderlin and Hansen (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentIntroducedIdárraga-Piedrahita et al. (2011); FAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentIntroducedIdárraga-Piedrahita et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea cayenensis (Guinea yam)PresentIntroducedUniversidad Nacional de Colombia (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper)PresentNativeUlloa (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDombeya wallichii (pink ball)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDypsis lutescens (yellow butterfly palm)PresentIntroducedIdárraga-Piedrahita et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Fischer et al. (1993); IABIN (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1991); IABIN (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-pavonis (gulf cockspur grass)PresentNativeTropicos (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinodorus grisebachiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinodorus horizontalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth)PresentNativeUK, Royal Botanic Gardens (Kew) (2009); USA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009); USDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveGopal (1987); PIER (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedIdárraga-Piedrahita et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2018); Hincapié C. et al. (1993); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEntada gigasPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2012); GBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedPruski (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)Present, PlantedIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina berteroana (coralbean)PresentNativeILDIS (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina poeppigiana (coral tree)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEtlingera elatior (torch ginger)PresentIntroducedIdárraga-Piedrahita et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentNativePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge)PresentIntroducedLittle et al. (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tithymaloides (devil's backbone)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia trigona (African milk weed)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedMurillo (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentIntroducedeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationVascular Plants of Antioquia (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedVascular Plants of Antioquia (2014); FAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentWBN Flora Database (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)PresentIntroducedFlora of Nicaragua (2014); Vascular Plants of Antioquia (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora Mesoamericana (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentVascular Plants of Antioquia (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus uhdei (tropical ash)PresentIntroducedFilgueira et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp)PresentNativeGovaerts and Barker (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)Present, LocalizedCABI (Undated); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGarcia nutans (false tung oil tree)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom)PresentIntroducedGarcia-Barriga and Forero (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeoffroea decorticans (Chilean palo verde)Present, Few occurrencesNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002); WAC (2005); ILDIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar)PresentIntroducedIdárraga-Piedrahita et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelanthium tenellumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliconia bihai (macaw flower)PresentNativeGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliocarpus americanus (white moho)Present, WidespreadNativeLay (1949); USDA-ARS (2012); Grandtner and Chevrette (2013); Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentJohnston (1928); Holm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemigraphis alternata (red ivy)PresentIntroducedIdárraga-Piedrahita et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHevea brasiliensis (rubber)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); Missouri Botanical Garden (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum flexuosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHura crepitans (sand box)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedMathias (1936); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne)Present, WidespreadNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis brevipes (lesser roundweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut)PresentNativeGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); GRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (busy lizzy)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDíaz-Espinosa AM et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInga punctata (ice cream bean tree)Present, WidespreadNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentIntroducedGunn and Ritchie (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carneaPresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea hederifolia (scarlet morning glory)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea imperatiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentStaples (2017); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentNativeDavidse et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1979); Hallman (1984); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1979); Clayton et al. (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)Present, PlantedIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine)PresentIntroducedIdárraga (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)Present, PlantedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)Present, WidespreadNativeCSIRO (1998); Ocampo and Balick (2009); USA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009); USDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); Balslev (1996); Kirschner (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut)PresentNativeIdárraga-Piedrahita et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe blossfeldiana (flaming katy)PresentIntroducedIdárraga et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedBoiteau and Allorge-Boiteau (1995); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentIntroducedIdárraga-Piedrahita et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India)PresentIntroducedIdárraga-Piedrahita et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentNativeMorton (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus odoratus (sweet pea)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLaunaea intybaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentPyrah (1969)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentNativePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresent, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum obtusifolium (border privet)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentIntroducedIdárraga-Piedrahita et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLivistona chinensis (Chinese fan palm)PresentIntroducedIdárraga et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedCoral et al. (1974); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentNativeGBIF (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah)PresentZipcode Zoo (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum maritimum (pukamole)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro)PresentNativeCook et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow)PresentUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009); Govaerts (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaranta arundinacea (arrowroot)PresentNativeGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelicoccus bijugatus (Spanish lime)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2014); Missouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)Present, WidespreadIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose)PresentNativeVargas (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia cissoides (roadside woodrose)PresentNativeVargas (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentNativeFuentes et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)Present, WidespreadNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia)Present, LocalizedNativeMeyer (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)PresentNativePIER (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa arenosa (elegant mimosa)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa casta (graceful mimosa)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (creeping sensitive plant)PresentNativeILDIS (2001); PIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)Present, WidespreadNativeEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1977); Barneby (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMorales et al. (1974); Scholz (1988); Holm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)PresentLim (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentNativeBernal et al. (2011); Vascular Plants of Antioquia (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry)Present, WidespreadNativeIdárraga-Piedrahita et al. (2011); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1977); Plaza and Forero (1998); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMussaenda erythrophylla (red flag bush)PresentIntroducedIdárraga-Piedrahita et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentEPPO (2020); Schmidt-Mumm and Posada (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam)PresentNativeILDIS (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf)PresentDaniel (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentFAO (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru)PresentCarmona B. and Jeffery (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationVascular Plants of Antioquia (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNopalea cochenillifera (cochineal cactus)Absent, Formerly presentHanelt (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea ampla (dot-leaf water-lily)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea lotus (white Egyptian lotus)PresentIntroducedWiersema (1982); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid)PresentIntroducedGaray and Taylor (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia elatior (red-flower prickly pear)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear)PresentNativeBenson (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)PresentTakeoka (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis debilis (pink woodsorrel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPachira aquatica (pachira nut)PresentNativeFernández-Alonso et al. (2011); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPachira insignis (wild chestnut)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)Present, PlantedNativeILDIS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)Present, LocalizedNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1979); Clayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum densum (dense crowngrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentNativeInvasiveChase (1929); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum fasciculatum (bull grass)PresentNativeAliscioni (2002); Flora of Pakistan (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeLansdown et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora antioquiensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentNativeKillip (1938); Holm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora ligularis (sweet granadilla)Present, WidespreadNativeDavidse et al. (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora maliformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora subpeltata (white passionflower)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tarminiana (banana passionfruit)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tripartita var. mollissima (banana passionfruit)Present, WidespreadNativeKillip (1938); Holm-Nielsen et al. (1988); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); PIER (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedHafliger and Scholz (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveClayton et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPereskia aculeata (Lemon-vine)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed)PresentNativeCardenas and Coulston (1967); Idárraga-Piedrahita et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentHolm et al. (1979); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentILDIS (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentIntroducedKew (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1997); Missouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentIntroducedRodriquez (1969)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper)PresentNativeStarr et al. (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper auritumPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentIntroducedCooper (1956); Missouri Botanical Garden (2008); IABIN (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1997); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentHafliger and Wolf (1988); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum nepalense (Nepal persicaria)PresentMena et al. (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPontederia cordata (pickerel weed)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)Present, PlantedNativeInvasiveBurkart (1976); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis pallida (mesquite)Present, LocalizedNativeBurkart (1976); Díaz Celis (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedVanhellemont (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPseudogynoxys chenopodioides (Mexican flamevine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)Present, PlantedNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002); FAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentIntroducedIdárraga-Piedrahita et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaQuamoclit hederifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationVascular Plants of Antioquia (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHolm et al. (1977); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoystonea oleracea (Caribbean royal palm)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia macrophylla (large leaved ruellia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRytidostylis carthagenensisPresentNativeHassler (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia coccinea (scarlet sage)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia occidentalis (West Indian sage)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)Present, PlantedNativeILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia parvibracteata (sanchezia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia speciosa (shrubby whitevein)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)PresentIntroducedIdárraga-Piedrahita et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Nájar R. et al. (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio madagascariensis (fireweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedSindel et al. (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresent, WidespreadIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna)PresentNativeVascular Plants of Antioquia (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna hirsuta (hairy senna)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)Present, PlantedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1979); Palmer and Pullen (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedIrwin and Barneby (1982); ILDIS (2014); Missouri Botanical Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedMissouri Botanical Garden (2014); ILDIS (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentNativeGBIF (2012); Blydenstein (1967); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida linifolia (flaxleaf fanpetals)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); Smithsonian Museum of Natural History (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum americanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); Vascular Plants of Antioquia (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)PresentHanelt et al. (2001); Lim (2013); USDA-ARS (2014); Vascular Plants of Antioquia (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum quitoense (naranjilla)PresentNativeNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentUSDA-ARS (2014); Vascular Plants of Antioquia (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum wendlandiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017); ILDIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidalis (giant rat’s tail grass)PresenteMonocot (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); Giraldo-Cañas and Peterson (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus tenuissimus (tropical dropseed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); Parra-O (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)Present, Few occurrencesNativeIdárraga-Piedrahita et al. (2011); Davidse et al. (2012); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentHolm et al. (1977); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia apetala (Panama tree)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStylosanthes hamata (Caribbean Stylo)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine)PresentNativeCroat (1981); Govaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)Present, PlantedIntroducedMorton (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia rosea (pink poui)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedIdárraga-Piedrahita et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)Present, WidespreadNativeGentry (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak)Present, PlantedCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIdárraga-Piedrahita et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentIntroducedIdárraga-Piedrahita et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina urvilleana (princessflower)PresentGryzenhout et al. (2006); Almeda (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia)PresentUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachypogon spicatus (spiked crinkleawn)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine)PresentHolm et al. (1977); Missouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrimezia steyermarkii (yellow walking iris)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017); Barker and Govaerts (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriplaris americana (ant tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTripsacum dactyloides (eastern gamagrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentNativeLay KK (1950)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurbina corymbosa (Christmas vine)PresentNativeAustin and Staples (1991); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2007); Missouri Botanical Garden (2007); IABIN (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena sinuata (bur mallow)PresentNativeIdárraga-Piedrahita et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa brizantha (palisadegrass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa humidicola (koronivia grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVachellia macracantha (porknut)PresentILDIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena brasiliensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)PresentNativeGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear)PresentNativeGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZinnia peruviana (Peruvian zinnia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedMorton (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016); eMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeBennett and Borrero H. (1976)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiPresent, WidespreadIntroducedDesquesnes (2004)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusArterivirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusBanana streak diseasePresentNativeInvasiveDiekmann and Putter (1996)
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentDubin et al. (1984); Fox et al. (1990)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbovine leukemia virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2013); León et al. (2006); Leon M. et al. (2006); EPPO (2020)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine influenzavirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusPresentNativeOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusfowlpox virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); CABI (Undated)
Virusmyxoma virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusNewcastle disease virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresent, WidespreadTorres and Giacometti (1966); CABI and EPPO (2003)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusporcine epidemic diarrhea virusPresentPiñeros and Mogollón Galvis (2015)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusrabies virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT (1989); EPPO (2020)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Present, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTaura syndrome virusPresentAranguren et al. (2013)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
acarapisosis of honey beesPresentEPPO (2009); OIE (2009)
actinomycosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
American foul broodAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
anaplasmosisPresentKuttler et al. (1970); Corrier and Guzman (1977); Zararaz and Parra (1977); Patarroyo et al. (1978); Corrier et al. (1983); OIE Handistatus (2005)
anthraxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); OIE (1997)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian adenoviruses infectionsPresent, WidespreadMorales G. et al. (1984)
avian chlamydiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian encephalomyelitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian leukosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
babesiosisPresentOIE (2009); Zips (1989); Nowak (1990); Zintz (1990)
blacklegPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetongueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Homan et al. (1992); OIE (1999)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Borrelia anserina infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE (2009)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisPresentOIE (2009)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE (2009)
bovine papular stomatitisPresentGonzález Ch. et al. (1985)
bovine parainfluenza 3 infectionPresentBetancur Hurtado et al. (2010)
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infectionPresentBetancur H. et al. (2011)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE (2009)
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE (2009)
BP virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
ChytridiomycosisPresentRuiz and Rueda-Almonacid (2008)
classical swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
coccidiosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationPresent, WidespreadForero B. et al. (2008)
contagious agalactiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
contagious ophthalmiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
crayfish plagueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Denman island diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dourineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck virus hepatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentOIE (2009); OIE (1999)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic ulcerative syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine coital exanthemaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine infectious anaemiaPresentOIE (2009)
equine influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine piroplasmosisPresentOIE (2009)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine viral arteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Escherichia coli infectionsPresentMattar and Vasquez (1998)
European foul broodPresentSchotman (1989); OIE (2009)
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtlesPresentHerbst (1994)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsPresentNativeOIE Handistatus (2005); CABI (Undated)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsPresentOIE (2009); Kitching (1998); CABI (Undated)
fowl choleraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowl typhoidAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowlpoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
glandersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE (2009)
infectious coryzaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); CABI (Undated)
infectious salmon anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
koi herpesvirus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
leishmaniosisPresentTravi et al. (2001)
leptospirosisPresentOIE (2009)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Marek's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
myxomatosisPresentOIE (2009)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
necrotizing hepatopancreatitisPresentAranguren et al. (2006)
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE (2009)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
paratuberculosisPresentOIE (2009); Mogollón G. et al. (1983)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeBennett and Borrero H. (1976)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine epidemic diarrhoeaPresentPiñeros and Mogollón Galvis (2015)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromePresentOIE (2009)
pullorum diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (1998); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverPresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
rabiesPresentOIE (2009)
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultryPresent, LocalizedSolarte et al. (1999)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
sheep and goat poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
small hive beetle infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
spherical baculovirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
spring viraemia of carpAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
stranglesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
surraPresent, WidespreadIntroducedDesquesnes (2004); OIE (2009)
swine dysenteryAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
swine erysipelasPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
swine influenzaPresentHanssen V. et al. (1977)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Taura syndromePresentAranguren et al. (2013)
theileriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
TrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
trypanosomosisPresentOIE (2009); Otte et al. (1994)
tuberculosisPresentCABI (Undated)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
varroosis of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisPresentOIE (2009)
vesicular stomatitisPresentOIE (2009); Federer et al. (1967); Tesh et al. (1987)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
white spot diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
yellow head diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Agave Fibres Nes Area Harvested 17604 Im 16268 Im 16732 Im 16225 Im 17484 Im
Agave Fibres Nes Production Quantity 16393 Im 14222 Im 16062 Im 16162 Im 16699 Im
Agave Fibres Nes Yield 9312.09 Fc 8742.32 Fc 9599.57 Fc 9961.17 Fc 9551.02 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 120.51 214 95 87 306
Apples Production Quantity 1218.7 1699 1103 1050 2891
Apples Yield 101129 Fc 79392.5 Fc 116105 Fc 120690 Fc 94477.1 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 50 217 21 30 227
Asparagus Production Quantity 115 1647 82 117 1082
Asparagus Yield 23000 Fc 75898.6 Fc 39047.6 Fc 39000 Fc 47665.2 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 24531.5 30511 16901 18470 18833
Avocados Production Quantity 215322 201869 165175 183968 193996
Avocados Yield 87773.7 Fc 66162.7 Fc 97730.9 Fc 99603.7 Fc 103009 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 81844.4 80518 74112 72396 71075
Bananas Production Quantity 2136110 2034340 2020390 1987600 1819870
Bananas Yield 260996 Fc 252657 Fc 272613 Fc 274546 Fc 256049 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 8665 7061 7283 5669 4897
Barley Production Quantity 18196 12980 17567 11042 7730
Barley Seed 779.85 Fc 779.85 Fc 635.49 Fc 655.47 Fc 510.21 Fc
Barley Yield 20999.4 Fc 18382.7 Fc 24120.5 Fc 19477.9 Fc 15785.2 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 124114 126671 127759 131714 130656
Beans, dry Production Quantity 139601 148612 153576 160883 156236
Beans, dry Seed 8067.41 Fc 8067.41 Fc 8233.62 Fc 8304.33 Fc 8561.41 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 11247.8 Fc 11732.1 Fc 12020.8 Fc 12214.6 Fc 11957.8 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 1764 Im 1800 F 1806 2250 2217
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 10908 Im 11612 Im 12000 F 14500 F 14451
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 61836.7 Fc 64511.1 Fc 66445.2 Fc 64444.4 Fc 65182.7 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 2693 Im 3000 F 4112 Im 3914 Im 3700 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 156297 Im 150000 F 161941 Im 159364 Im 145000 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 580382 Fc 500000 Fc 393825 Fc 407164 Fc 391892 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 9901.2 10942 10593 10142 8144
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 263908 259665 299170 299452 230832
Carrots and turnips Yield 266541 Fc 237310 Fc 282422 Fc 295259 Fc 283438 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 222583 223063 164754 165170 165588
Cassava Production Quantity 2264460 2363530 2202210 1803910 1793920
Cassava Yield 101736 Fc 105958 Fc 133667 Fc 109215 Fc 108336 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 552.58 532 498 791 776
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 10551 9566 9269 14113 14848
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 190941 Fc 179812 Fc 186125 Fc 178420 Fc 191340 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 1036700 A 975193 A 1185990 A 1133020 A 1070030 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 3333840 A 3276960 A 3770570 A 3777320 A 3443360 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 83749.6 A 83749.6 A 85840.3 A 101968 A 88680.1 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 32158.2 Fc 33603.2 Fc 31792.6 Fc 33338.5 Fc 32180 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1036700 A 975193 A 1185990 A 1133020 A 1070030 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4180900 A 4080230 A 4764650 A 4707130 A 4213700 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 83749.6 A 83749.6 A 85840.3 A 101968 A 88680.1 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 40328.9 Fc 41840.3 Fc 40174.5 Fc 41545 Fc 39379.2 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested
Chick peas Production Quantity
Chick peas Seed
Chick peas Yield
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 4039 Im 4500 F 4825 Im 4592 Im 4340 Im
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 52099 Im 50000 F 55842 Im 54953 Im 50000 F
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 128990 Fc 111111 Fc 115735 Fc 119671 Fc 115207 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 43032 Im 42000 F 41549 Im 44723 Im 43000 F
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 759138 Im 730000 F 732218 Im 778266 Im 750000 F
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 176412 Fc 173810 Fc 176230 Fc 174019 Fc 174419 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 88821.3 A 89552 A 79359 A 86412 A 87403 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1310220 A 1257840 A 1167530 A 1264040 A 1279410 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 147512 Fc 140459 Fc 147120 Fc 146280 Fc 146380 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 595746 A 501355 A 628473 A 667844 A 666683 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1619520 A 1652230 A 1755080 A 1875710 A 1863610 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 18149.7 A 18149.7 A 15216.8 A 19059.7 A 19983.3 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 27184.7 Fc 32955.4 Fc 27926 Fc 28086 Fc 27953.5 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 99205 95641 127988 90959 86937
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 44241 39534 49348 44740 39904
Cocoa beans Yield 4459.55 Fc 4133.58 Fc 3855.67 Fc 4918.7 Fc 4589.99 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 13976 Im 12800 F 13700 F 15500 F 16000 F
Coconuts Production Quantity 105000 F 101105 * 96000 * 109150 * 110000 *
Coconuts Yield 75128.8 Fc 78988.3 Fc 70073 Fc 70419.4 Fc 68750 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 739413 750224 768000 * 732656 797660
Coffee, green Production Quantity 468120 514128 887661 688680 757080
Coffee, green Yield 6330.97 Fc 6852.99 Fc 11558.1 Fc 9399.77 Fc 9491.26 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 25800 F 12000 F 23000 F 25600 F 42037
Cottonseed Production Quantity 32200 F 15000 F 32000 F 35000 F 55000 F
Cottonseed Seed 1560 Fc 1560 Fc 1335.03 Fc 1201.05 Fc 1319.37 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 1417.74 1565 1466 1000 F 800 F
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 22127.1 23210 21800 15000 F 10500 F
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 156073 Fc 148307 Fc 148704 Fc 150000 Fc 131250 Fc
Dates Area Harvested 3 1.5 2 2 5
Dates Production Quantity 30 16 20 20 20
Dates Yield 100000 Fc 106667 Fc 100000 Fc 100000 Fc 40000 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 269 Im 300 F 311 310 305
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 5210 Im 5000 F 5293 5589 5152
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 193680 Fc 166667 Fc 170193 Fc 180290 Fc 168918 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 60340 A 60769 A 56767 A 60204 A 71981 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 42193 A 26222 A 39062 A 41762 A 58736 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 6992.54 Fc 4315.03 Fc 6881.11 Fc 6936.75 Fc 8159.93 Fc
Figs Area Harvested 104.04 103 96 82 82
Figs Production Quantity 1823.04 1690 1731 1640 1640
Figs Yield 175225 Fc 164078 Fc 180313 Fc 200000 Fc 200000 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 681230 A 664894 A 653206 A 697068 A 678536 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 8308860 A 7989940 A 7938250 A 8437480 A 8160530 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 121968 Fc 120169 Fc 121528 Fc 121042 Fc 120267 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 16393 Im 16000 F 16541 Im 17805 Im 17119 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 197584 Im 190000 F 193029 Im 205168 Im 197716 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 120529 Fc 118750 Fc 116697 Fc 115231 Fc 115495 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 44057 Im 43000 F 43142 Im 46000 F 46254 *
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 462762 Im 445000 F 446895 Im 475000 F 474442 *
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 105037 Fc 103488 Fc 103587 Fc 103261 Fc 102573 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 428.45 284 340 348 419
Garlic Production Quantity 6170.21 3351 3348 3372 5333
Garlic Yield 144012 Fc 117993 Fc 98470.6 Fc 96896.6 Fc 127279 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 2251.81 2925 2581 2394 2378
Grapes Production Quantity 24148.5 39272 40731 37376 37224
Grapes Yield 107240 Fc 134263 Fc 157811 Fc 156124 Fc 156535 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 3271 2948 2587 2310 2278
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 4425 3716 3852 2634 2586
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 400 F 400 F 400 F 400 F 400 F
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 13528 Fc 12605.2 Fc 14889.8 Fc 11402.6 Fc 11352.1 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 1894.9 1660.99 2290 4000 F 7879
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 4830.67 3638.43 16520 24500 F 30662
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 25493 Fc 21905.2 Fc 72139.7 Fc 61250 Fc 38916.1 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 6626.74 8118 5568 4632 6980
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 92697.8 87474 74301 65137 94452
Lemons and limes Yield 139884 Fc 107753 Fc 133443 Fc 140624 Fc 135318 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested 3919 Im 4000 F 3961 Im 4134 Im 4050 Im
Lentils Production Quantity 1127 Im 1200 F 1234 Im 1303 Im 1224 Im
Lentils Seed 195.95 Fc 195.95 Fc 200 Fc 198.05 Fc 206.7 Fc
Lentils Yield 2875.73 Fc 3000 Fc 3115.37 Fc 3151.91 Fc 3022.22 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 3164.08 2658 3380 3030 1090
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 56271.1 49300 70113 62538 17361
Lettuce and chicory Yield 177843 Fc 185478 Fc 207435 Fc 206396 Fc 159275 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 557071 464794 591890 623025 626616
Maize Production Quantity 1498270 1536290 1636640 1726550 1733290
Maize Seed 16712.1 Fc 16712.1 Fc 13943.8 Fc 17756.7 Fc 18690.8 Fc
Maize Yield 26895.5 Fc 33053.1 Fc 27651.1 Fc 27712.4 Fc 27661.1 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 28280.8 24262 18356 18080 18313
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 244581 243375 187343 174505 193429
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 86483.1 Fc 100311 Fc 102061 Fc 96518.3 Fc 105624 Fc
Natural rubber Production Quantity
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 218 Im 220 F 227 Im 221 Im 218 Im
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 909 Im 900 F 885 Im 965 Im 707 Im
Nuts, nes Yield 41697.3 Fc 40909.1 Fc 38986.8 Fc 43665.2 Fc 32431.2 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 3193 Im 3000 F 3200 F 3000 P 3200 F
Oats Production Quantity 4099 Im 4000 F 4300 F 4000 P 4300 F
Oats Seed 255.44 Fc 255.44 Fc 240 Fc 256 Fc 240 Fc
Oats Yield 12837.5 Fc 13333.3 Fc 13437.5 Fc 13333.3 Fc 13437.5 Fc
Oil palm fruit Area Harvested 165000 F 165000 F 165000 F 165000 F 165000 F
Oil palm fruit Production Quantity 3780000 F 3100000 F 3200000 F 3200000 F 3200000 F
Oil palm fruit Yield 229091 Fc 187879 Fc 193939 Fc 193939 Fc 193939 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 260644 A 252596 A 252322 A 257839 A 269225 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 199688 A 151474 A 167000 A 166591 A 174754 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 3013.84 A 3013.84 A 2899.11 A 2834.86 A 2899.28 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 7661.35 Fc 5996.69 Fc 6618.52 Fc 6461.04 Fc 6490.99 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 260644 A 252596 A 252322 A 257839 A 269225 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1074020 A 860416 A 915478 A 892126 A 897488 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 847.92 A 847.92 A 811.92 A 793.93 A 816.3 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 41206.4 Fc 34062.9 Fc 36282.1 Fc 34600.1 Fc 33336 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 17267.2 15302 15531 13469 15177
Onions, dry Production Quantity 378948 329793 310704 307831 315241
Onions, dry Yield 219461 Fc 215523 Fc 200054 Fc 228548 Fc 207710 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 30737 Im 30000 F 30481 Im 32500 F 32461
Oranges Production Quantity 343172 Im 330000 F 332114 Im 353000 F 352983
Oranges Yield 111648 Fc 110000 Fc 108958 Fc 108615 Fc 108741 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 2453.99 4859 2280 2339 2501
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 43749.9 51722 28494 39344 39956
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 178281 Fc 106446 Fc 124974 Fc 168209 Fc 159760 Fc
Palm kernels Production Quantity 212000 * 174000 * 179000 * 179000 * 180000 F
Palm oil Production Quantity 941400 * 753100 * 802400 * 777800 * 780000 *
Papayas Area Harvested 4971.59 8852 5993 5498 6064
Papayas Production Quantity 153180 263178 189007 207698 223945
Papayas Yield 308111 Fc 297309 Fc 315380 Fc 377770 Fc 369302 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 1489.52 1955 1165 1131 954
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 19848.5 20515 15880 15779 10917
Peaches and nectarines Yield 133254 Fc 104936 Fc 136309 Fc 139514 Fc 114434 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 1287.47 1449 994 1099 1123
Pears Production Quantity 15048.4 16511 12450 13579 14956
Pears Yield 116884 Fc 113948 Fc 125252 Fc 123558 Fc 133179 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 24495 Im 25000 F 26642 29056 26828
Peas, dry Production Quantity 46968 Im 50000 F 50088 54182 45725
Peas, dry Seed 979.8 Fc 979.8 Fc 1000 Fc 1065.68 Fc 1162.24 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 19174.5 Fc 20000 Fc 18800.4 Fc 18647.4 Fc 17043.8 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 25134 Im 28000 F 29864 Im 28424 Im 26867 Im
Peas, green Production Quantity 39595 Im 38000 F 40272 Im 39631 Im 36059 Im
Peas, green Yield 15753.6 Fc 13571.4 Fc 13485.1 Fc 13942.8 Fc 13421.3 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 12995 17111 11090 10686 10941
Pineapples Production Quantity 512496 398010 427766 436044 434574
Pineapples Yield 394379 Fc 232605 Fc 385722 Fc 408052 Fc 397198 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 371398 345109 379863 414129 394655
Plantains Production Quantity 2957360 2815050 3011780 3379740 3218800
Plantains Yield 79627.8 Fc 81569.9 Fc 79285.9 Fc 81610.8 Fc 81559.8 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 1546.91 1764 1667 1698 1723
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 12097.6 14259 14317 10355 15994
Plums and sloes Yield 78204.9 Fc 80833.3 Fc 85884.8 Fc 60983.5 Fc 92826.5 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 114039 141967 123659 134812 169078
Potatoes Production Quantity 1998250 2121880 2272770 2372860 2823360
Potatoes Seed 96515 F 96515 F 96515 100766 119896
Potatoes Yield 175225 Fc 149463 Fc 183793 Fc 176013 Fc 166986 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 154292 A 157471 A 160168 A 167154 A 163751 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 198604 A 211424 A 216898 A 230868 A 217636 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 9243.16 A 9243.16 A 9433.62 A 9568.06 A 9930.35 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 12872 Fc 13426.2 Fc 13541.9 Fc 13811.7 Fc 13290.7 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 3411 Im 3800 F 4058 Im 3862 Im 3650 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 67729 Im 65000 F 67010 Im 65944 Im 60000 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 198561 Fc 171053 Fc 165131 Fc 170751 Fc 164384 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested
Rapeseed Production Quantity
Rapeseed Seed
Rapeseed Yield
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 430089 464794 543146 443584 383691
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 2543710 2412220 2985220 2792230 2313310
Rice, paddy Seed 64513.4 Fc 64513.4 Fc 69719.1 Fc 81471.9 Fc 66537.6 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 59143.8 Fc 51898.7 Fc 54961.7 Fc 62947 Fc 60291 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 8434 Im 8638 Im 7214 Im 7415 Im 8200 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 94490 Im 100047 Im 97824 Im 91064 Im 100000 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 112035 Fc 115822 Fc 135603 Fc 122811 Fc 121951 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 378482 A 387625 A 323718 A 332738 A 367971 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4704190 A 4980830 A 4870150 A 4533590 A 4978470 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 96515 A 96515 A 96515 A 100766 A 119896 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 124291 Fc 128496 Fc 150444 Fc 136251 Fc 135295 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 42736 44501 40035 43979 54497
Seed cotton Production Quantity 76772 35639 70926 76603 125564
Seed cotton Yield 17964.3 Fc 8008.58 Fc 17716 Fc 17418.1 Fc 23040.5 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 3000 * 3000 * 4000 * 5000 * 5000 *
Sesame seed Production Quantity 2000 * 2000 * 3000 * 3000 * 3000 *
Sesame seed Seed 24 Fc 24 Fc 24 Fc 32 Fc 40 Fc
Sesame seed Yield 6666.67 Fc 6666.67 Fc 7500 Fc 6000 Fc 6000 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 26817 26500 F 26100 36150 31970
Sorghum Production Quantity 98954 98964 96570 134117 118289
Sorghum Seed 402.26 Fc 402.26 Fc 397.5 Fc 391.5 Fc 542.25 Fc
Sorghum Yield 36899.7 Fc 37344.9 Fc 37000 Fc 37100.1 Fc 37000 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 32661 24347 27000 26050 26450
Soybeans Production Quantity 78386 54207 59400 56200 52900
Soybeans Seed 2600 F 2600 F 2600 F 2600 F 2600 F
Soybeans Yield 23999.9 Fc 22264.3 Fc 22000 Fc 21573.9 Fc 20000 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 1741 Im 1740 Im 2054 Im 2027 Im 2000 F
Spices, nes Production Quantity 19378 Im 16998 Im 19760 Im 19380 Im 19000 F
Spices, nes Yield 111304 Fc 97689.7 Fc 96202.5 Fc 95609.3 Fc 95000 Fc
Spinach Area Harvested 388.55 431 312 296 223
Spinach Production Quantity 7915.1 8414 5300 4845 4073
Spinach Yield 203709 Fc 195220 Fc 169872 Fc 163682 Fc 182646 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 1133.92 1567 1249 1099 1308
Strawberries Production Quantity 45023.4 47317 43101 43920 40710
Strawberries Yield 397060 Fc 301959 Fc 345084 Fc 399636 Fc 311239 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 827.03 969 1169 1308 578
Sugar beet Production Quantity 21367.5 18979 30043 29689 11074
Sugar beet Yield 258364 Fc 195862 Fc 256997 Fc 226980 Fc 191592 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 190000 171633 379505 383388 410201
Sugar cane Production Quantity 22727800 20272600 38500000 F 38500000 F 38500000 F
Sugar cane Yield 1196200 Fc 1181160 Fc 1014480 Fc 1004200 Fc 938564 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested F F F F F
Sunflower seed Production Quantity F F F F F
Sunflower seed Seed
Sunflower seed Yield
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 8425.59 9434 1761 4557 4962
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 115216 110365 28898 67634 81970
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 136745 Fc 116986 Fc 164100 Fc 148418 Fc 165195 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 59 Im 60 55 60 60
Tea Production Quantity 122 Im 132 134 120 120
Tea Yield 20678 Fc 22000 Fc 24363.6 Fc 20000 Fc 20000 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 13132 Im 12978 Im 12768 14321 10817
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 23283 Im 19315 Im 21048 21176 18109
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 17730 Fc 14882.9 Fc 16485 Fc 14786.7 Fc 16741.2 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 15184.8 16227 16943 16736 15783
Tomatoes Production Quantity 595299 546322 514587 490929 474317
Tomatoes Yield 392036 Fc 336675 Fc 303717 Fc 293337 Fc 300524 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 218 A 220 A 227 A 221 A 218 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 909 A 900 A 885 A 965 A 707 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 41697.3 Fc 40909.1 Fc 38986.8 Fc 43665.2 Fc 32431.2 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 8976 Im 10000 F 10506 Im 10000 F 9651
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 104198 Im 100000 F 101617 Im 100000 F 101487
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 116085 Fc 100000 Fc 96722.8 Fc 100000 Fc 105157 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 103698 A 115524 A 115184 A 111056 A 109123 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1907960 A 1831090 A 1802220 A 1775340 A 1631040 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 183993 Fc 158503 Fc 156465 Fc 159859 Fc 149468 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 103698 A 115524 A 115184 A 111056 A 109123 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1907960 A 1831090 A 1802220 A 1775340 A 1631040 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 183993 Fc 158503 Fc 156465 Fc 159859 Fc 149468 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 6472.14 11246 7854 7773 7591
Watermelons Production Quantity 92947.4 136462 90861 87813 89138
Watermelons Yield 143612 Fc 121343 Fc 115688 Fc 112972 Fc 117426 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 10865 9044 14369 21592 19658
Wheat Production Quantity 17669 15780 24349 39191 36778
Wheat Seed 1086.5 Fc 1086.5 Fc 904.4 Fc 1436.9 Fc 2159.2 Fc
Wheat Yield 16262.3 Fc 17448 Fc 16945.5 Fc 18150.7 Fc 18708.9 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 33426 13957 28091 25341 25105
Yams Production Quantity 346986 395374 297350 265752 261188
Yams Yield 103807 Fc 283280 Fc 105852 Fc 104870 Fc 104038 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Agave Fibres Nes Area Harvested 17553 Im 17500 F 17294 17094 17391
Agave Fibres Nes Production Quantity 14912 Im 22000 F 21498 20508 19884
Agave Fibres Nes Yield 8495.41 Fc 12571.4 Fc 12430.9 Fc 11997.2 Fc 11433.5 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 424 413 450 470 478
Apples Production Quantity 4518 4435 4766 5190 5327
Apples Yield 106557 Fc 107385 Fc 105911 Fc 110426 Fc 111444 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 209 630 714 408 776
Asparagus Production Quantity 1254 2830 3284 1838 3380
Asparagus Yield 60000 Fc 44920.6 Fc 45994.4 Fc 45049 Fc 43556.7 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 17641 16108 15967 15540 14042
Avocados Production Quantity 191710 171603 170985 163177 142700
Avocados Yield 108673 Fc 106533 Fc 107086 Fc 105005 Fc 101624 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 73469 67405 62985 56702 55363
Bananas Production Quantity 1863750 1798710 1702570 1647700 1561060
Bananas Yield 253678 Fc 266851 Fc 270314 Fc 290589 Fc 281968 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 4611 5606 5539 4485 6435
Barley Production Quantity 6591 9058 8370 6963 10719
Barley Seed 440.73 Fc 414.99 Fc 504.54 Fc 498.51 Fc 403.65 Fc
Barley Yield 14294.1 Fc 16157.7 Fc 15111 Fc 15525.1 Fc 16657.3 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 120577 124611 113650 114854 109327
Beans, dry Production Quantity 136514 143834 127194 124920 117123
Beans, dry Seed 8492.64 Fc 7837.5 Fc 8099.71 Fc 7387.25 Fc 7465.51 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 11321.7 Fc 11542.6 Fc 11191.7 Fc 10876.4 Fc 10713.1 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 2245 1938 1795 1887 1608
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 13390 11968 10015 4312 3226
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 59643.7 Fc 61754.4 Fc 55793.9 Fc 22851.1 Fc 20062.2 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 3600 F 3510 3432 3151 3100 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 143000 F 142821 139972 126511 125000 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 397222 Fc 406897 Fc 407844 Fc 401495 Fc 403226 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 7824 7088 6063 5873 5036
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 226079 213670 179665 174283 144980
Carrots and turnips Yield 288956 Fc 301453 Fc 296330 Fc 296753 Fc 287887 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 164335 150963 152494 156664 159660
Cassava Production Quantity 1703140 1613970 1655470 1668480 1646090
Cassava Yield 103638 Fc 106912 Fc 108560 Fc 106501 Fc 103100 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 723 702 711 674 617
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 13899 13510 13787 12386 10468
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 192241 Fc 192450 Fc 193910 Fc 183769 Fc 169660 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 1050820 A 1080920 A 1211640 A 1158030 A 1065180 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 3223530 A 3478130 A 3885120 A 3707870 A 3158550 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 79494.2 A 78161.9 A 82288.8 A 96134.4 A 91937.9 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 30676.5 Fc 32177.5 Fc 32065 Fc 32018.9 Fc 29652.7 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1050820 A 1080920 A 1211640 A 1158030 A 1065180 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3972110 A 4267990 A 4853170 A 4624550 A 3955510 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 79494.2 A 78161.9 A 82288.8 A 96134.4 A 91937.9 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 37800.3 Fc 39484.7 Fc 40054.5 Fc 39934.8 Fc 37134.6 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested
Chick peas Production Quantity
Chick peas Seed
Chick peas Yield
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 4200 F 4128 3543 3582 2147
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 49500 F 49315 47555 44530 53218
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 117857 Fc 119465 Fc 134222 Fc 124316 Fc 247871 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 42000 F 42423 40677 42278 42000 F
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 740000 F 746306 715741 705135 700000 F
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 176190 Fc 175920 Fc 175957 Fc 166785 Fc 166667 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 84198 A 61645 A 57935 A 56765 A 75687 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1332750 A 1020820 A 959750 A 914030 A 1123880 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 158287 Fc 165597 Fc 165660 Fc 161020 Fc 148491 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 653401 A 653158 A 698582 A 664198 A 633765 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1697720 A 1852090 A 1902660 A 1825200 A 1521440 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 19974.8 A 19401.8 A 19064.7 A 20327 A 19058.1 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 25982.7 Fc 28356 Fc 27236 Fc 27479.7 Fc 24006.4 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 77320 80650 73674 86784 83406
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 35258 37099 38753 41704 34002
Cocoa beans Yield 4560.01 Fc 4600 Fc 5260.06 Fc 4805.49 Fc 4076.69 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 16500 F 15343 14850 13114 12040
Coconuts Production Quantity 115579 107927 103062 104847 95854
Coconuts Yield 70047.9 Fc 70342.8 Fc 69402 Fc 79950.4 Fc 79613 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 785535 806884 771219 721362 710510
Coffee, green Production Quantity 724740 667140 674400 694080 696840
Coffee, green Yield 9226.07 Fc 8268.1 Fc 8744.6 Fc 9621.8 Fc 9807.6 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 37539 55382 55552 34307 31000 F
Cottonseed Production Quantity 51375 59577 81376 50702 58000 F
Cottonseed Seed 1634.91 Fc 1677.96 Fc 2120.01 Fc 1987.74 Fc 1329.84 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 800 F 922 1058 625 580 F
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 6000 F 5981 7861 12064 5500 F
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 75000 Fc 64869.8 Fc 74300.6 Fc 193024 Fc 94827.6 Fc
Dates Area Harvested 6 6 6 6 4
Dates Production Quantity 26 28 24 30 12
Dates Yield 43333.3 Fc 46666.7 Fc 40000 Fc 50000 Fc 30000 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 284 264 176 201 135
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 3757 3175 3343 3632 1879
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 132289 Fc 120265 Fc 189943 Fc 180697 Fc 139185 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 73485 A 88167 A 83552 A 61422 A 61257 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 52451 A 77382 A 77050 A 54815 A 50884 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 7137.65 Fc 8776.75 Fc 9221.8 Fc 8924.33 Fc 8306.64 Fc
Figs Area Harvested 74 74 84 79 65
Figs Production Quantity 1480 1480 1670 1323 1089
Figs Yield 200000 Fc 200000 Fc 198810 Fc 167468 Fc 167538 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 663429 A 628994 A 621827 A 606953 A 623816 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 8066030 A 7417890 A 7262080 A 6966520 A 7128280 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 121581 Fc 117933 Fc 116786 Fc 114779 Fc 114269 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 16739 Im 15800 F 15600 F 15500 F 15000 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 195461 Im 178000 F 177000 F 176000 F 175000 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 116770 Fc 112658 Fc 113462 Fc 113548 Fc 116667 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 45769 * 42973 * 40586 * 39755 * 37539 *
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 465038 * 412169 * 421391 * 395501 * 366918 *
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 101605 Fc 95913.5 Fc 103827 Fc 99484.6 Fc 97743.1 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 375 417 322 207 121
Garlic Production Quantity 4300 3046 2962 2258 1224
Garlic Yield 114667 Fc 73045.6 Fc 91987.6 Fc 109082 Fc 101157 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 2147 1958 1328 1394 1150
Grapes Production Quantity 32588 24611 20167 20201 14527
Grapes Yield 151784 Fc 125695 Fc 151860 Fc 144914 Fc 126322 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 2262 1807 1573 1546 1314
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 2814 2111 1834 2050 1994
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 400 F 400 F 400 F 400 F 400 F
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 12440.3 Fc 11682.4 Fc 11659.3 Fc 13260 Fc 15175 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 5767 5504 6243 6586 6500 F
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 23970 52940 54183 51079 50000 F
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 41564.1 Fc 96184.6 Fc 86790 Fc 77556.9 Fc 76923.1 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 6855 6603 5694 5362 5239
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 92232 95235 86071 79798 72920
Lemons and limes Yield 134547 Fc 144230 Fc 151161 Fc 148821 Fc 139187 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested 3785 Im 3900 F 3800 F 3700 F 3600 F
Lentils Production Quantity 1063 Im 1100 F 1090 F 1070 F 1050 F
Lentils Seed 202.5 Fc 189.25 Fc 195 Fc 190 Fc 185 Fc
Lentils Yield 2808.45 Fc 2820.51 Fc 2868.42 Fc 2891.89 Fc 2916.67 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 825 984 927 881 919
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 12627 15341 15875 14398 14876
Lettuce and chicory Yield 153055 Fc 155904 Fc 171251 Fc 163428 Fc 161872 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 603562 576791 615855 570917 554850
Maize Production Quantity 1531150 1588320 1623210 1513950 1263540
Maize Seed 18798.5 Fc 18106.9 Fc 17303.7 Fc 18475.7 Fc 17127.5 Fc
Maize Yield 25368.6 Fc 27537.2 Fc 26357 Fc 26517.9 Fc 22772.6 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 17167 17193 17393 16586 15924
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 184074 185037 177905 175493 163694
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 107225 Fc 107623 Fc 102285 Fc 105808 Fc 102797 Fc
Natural rubber Production Quantity
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 220 F 210 148 137 135 F
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 610 F 606 479 383 380 F
Nuts, nes Yield 27727.3 Fc 28857.1 Fc 32364.9 Fc 27956.2 Fc 28148.2 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 3100 F 3000 * 3000 * 3000 * 3000 *
Oats Production Quantity 4100 F 4000 * 4000 * 4000 * 4000 *
Oats Seed 256 Fc 248 Fc 240 Fc 240 Fc 240 Fc
Oats Yield 13225.8 Fc 13333.3 Fc 13333.3 Fc 13333.3 Fc 13333.3 Fc
Oil palm fruit Area Harvested 165000 F 169564 157328 150399 145026
Oil palm fruit Production Quantity 3200000 F 3272500 3106500 2579460 2600000 F
Oil palm fruit Yield 193939 Fc 192995 Fc 197454 Fc 171508 Fc 179278 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 272994 A 291181 A 292060 A 255548 A 241473 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 174761 A 171754 A 189153 A 170839 A 164224 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 3060.2 A 3165.24 A 3615.45 A 4342.28 A 3612.2 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 6401.64 Fc 5898.53 Fc 6476.52 Fc 6685.21 Fc 6800.91 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 272994 A 291181 A 292060 A 255548 A 241473 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 828947 A 781479 A 739738 A 621354 A 620083 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 866.79 A 895.11 A 1009.52 A 1171.97 A 977.09 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 30365 Fc 26838.3 Fc 25328.3 Fc 24314.6 Fc 25679.2 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 15718 20996 20290 21317 18099
Onions, dry Production Quantity 274763 477815 464981 566567 418987
Onions, dry Yield 174808 Fc 227574 Fc 229168 Fc 265782 Fc 231497 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 29527 7183 6937 5914 25571
Oranges Production Quantity 405120 96179 88341 69163 297962
Oranges Yield 137203 Fc 133898 Fc 127348 Fc 116948 Fc 116523 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 1842 1944 1604 1835 1709
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 21669 32425 27267 32941 30533
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 117638 Fc 166795 Fc 169994 Fc 179515 Fc 178660 Fc
Palm kernels Production Quantity 178000 * 158172 145740 118772 115994
Palm oil Production Quantity 711000 * 672576 630400 526634 528400
Papayas Area Harvested 5721 5152 4464 4078 3715
Papayas Production Quantity 164606 140346 103870 91608 86912
Papayas Yield 287722 Fc 272411 Fc 232684 Fc 224640 Fc 233949 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 1048 926 639 583 625
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 12933 8554 6029 6027 4981
Peaches and nectarines Yield 123406 Fc 92375.8 Fc 94350.6 Fc 103379 Fc 79696 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 1228 1205 1209 1175 1006
Pears Production Quantity 15178 14770 15321 14726 12964
Pears Yield 123599 Fc 122573 Fc 126725 Fc 125328 Fc 128867 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 26421 27226 25642 26225 24708
Peas, dry Production Quantity 38063 38688 37016 39252 34113
Peas, dry Seed 1073.12 Fc 1056.84 Fc 1089.04 Fc 1025.68 Fc 1049 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 14406.3 Fc 14210 Fc 14435.7 Fc 14967.4 Fc 13806.5 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 26000 F 25648 25696 25946 25500 F
Peas, green Production Quantity 33000 F 32515 31957 35427 30500 F
Peas, green Yield 12692.3 Fc 12677.4 Fc 12436.6 Fc 13654.1 Fc 11960.8 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 9927 9546 9618 9393 8575
Pineapples Production Quantity 396995 378007 391488 390545 353490
Pineapples Yield 399914 Fc 395985 Fc 407037 Fc 415783 Fc 412233 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 385217 386252 391340 386607 392355
Plantains Production Quantity 3156980 3046280 3072800 2924180 3079180
Plantains Yield 81953.3 Fc 78867.7 Fc 78520 Fc 75637 Fc 78479.4 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 1738 1740 1438 1618 1509
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 15062 15122 13117 14195 13186
Plums and sloes Yield 86662.8 Fc 86908.1 Fc 91217 Fc 87731.8 Fc 87382.4 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 138843 120623 128694 130455 112616
Potatoes Production Quantity 2208070 1832920 2035930 2144160 1761060
Potatoes Seed 169000 F 138000 F 120000 F 128000 F 130000 F
Potatoes Yield 159034 Fc 151954 Fc 158199 Fc 164360 Fc 156377 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 153028 A 157675 A 144887 A 146666 A 139243 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 189030 A 195590 A 175315 A 169554 A 155512 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 9768.26 A 9083.59 A 9383.75 A 8602.93 A 8699.51 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 12352.6 Fc 12404.6 Fc 12100.1 Fc 11560.5 Fc 11168.4 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 3600 F 3510 3736 3766 3400 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 59000 F 58470 61642 67736 36500 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 163889 Fc 166581 Fc 164995 Fc 179862 Fc 107353 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested
Rapeseed Production Quantity
Rapeseed Seed
Rapeseed Yield
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 380372 408953 490032 469941 407909
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 2248000 2371930 2907040 2752780 2393280
Rice, paddy Seed 57553.6 Fc 57055.8 Fc 61343 Fc 73504.8 Fc 70491.1 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 59100 Fc 58000.1 Fc 59323.5 Fc 58577.1 Fc 58671.9 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 8100 F 8003 8258 8012 6000 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 94500 F 94103 95550 95023 64000 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 116667 Fc 117585 Fc 115706 Fc 118601 Fc 106667 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 335964 A 303360 A 315948 A 319904 A 299954 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4266400 A 3820730 A 4097160 A 4197860 A 3717590 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 169000 A 138000 A 120000 A 128000 A 130000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 126990 Fc 125947 Fc 129678 Fc 131222 Fc 123939 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 55932 70667 66258 44328 43866
Seed cotton Production Quantity 108150 138945 154733 92244 92211
Seed cotton Yield 19336 Fc 19661.9 Fc 23353.1 Fc 20809.4 Fc 21021.1 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 6000 * 3000 * 4051 4161 4727
Sesame seed Production Quantity 5000 * 2000 * 3161 2723 3096
Sesame seed Seed 40 Fc 48 Fc 24 Fc 32.41 Fc 33.29 Fc
Sesame seed Yield 8333.33 Fc 6666.67 Fc 7803.01 Fc 6544.1 Fc 6549.61 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 42128 67761 74188 85796 69480
Sorghum Production Quantity 155874 250716 267077 300286 243180
Sorghum Seed 479.55 Fc 631.92 Fc 1016.41 Fc 1112.82 Fc 1286.94 Fc
Sorghum Yield 37000.1 Fc 37000 Fc 36000 Fc 35000 Fc 35000 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 27300 30800 48000 42000 34500
Soybeans Production Quantity 54600 61600 77611 91980 81420
Soybeans Seed 2600 F 2700 F 3000 F 4000 F 3500 F
Soybeans Yield 20000 Fc 20000 Fc 16169 Fc 21900 Fc 23600 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 1900 F 1881 2054 1569 1500 F
Spices, nes Production Quantity 17500 F 17310 19063 14632 14000 F
Spices, nes Yield 92105.3 Fc 92025.5 Fc 92809.1 Fc 93256.9 Fc 93333.3 Fc
Spinach Area Harvested 222 198 174 95 106
Spinach Production Quantity 3614 3285 2631 1354 1600
Spinach Yield 162793 Fc 165909 Fc 151207 Fc 142526 Fc 150943 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 916 598 785 702 779
Strawberries Production Quantity 32884 17913 23228 26591 23362
Strawberries Yield 358996 Fc 299548 Fc 295898 Fc 378789 Fc 299897 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 679 702 719 702 876
Sugar beet Production Quantity 11671 12280 12740 12469 15491
Sugar beet Yield 171885 Fc 174929 Fc 177191 Fc 177621 Fc 176838 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 410060 406060 399509 398562 387669
Sugar cane Production Quantity 38450000 F 39849200 40000000 F 39000000 F 38000000 F
Sugar cane Yield 937668 Fc 981362 Fc 1001230 Fc 978518 Fc 980218 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested F F F F F
Sunflower seed Production Quantity F F F F F
Sunflower seed Seed
Sunflower seed Yield
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 5816 5436 4627 3211 2877
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 95397 83102 69597 59934 52999
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 164025 Fc 152873 Fc 150415 Fc 186652 Fc 184216 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 60 60 60 60 60
Tea Production Quantity 120 120 120 120 120
Tea Yield 20000 Fc 20000 Fc 20000 Fc 20000 Fc 20000 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 10680 17581 16122 16131 13511
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 20557 34940 32486 34458 26475
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 19248.1 Fc 19873.7 Fc 20150.1 Fc 21361.3 Fc 19595.1 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 16953 14908 15456 15202 16762
Tomatoes Production Quantity 443587 420061 402864 393318 411151
Tomatoes Yield 261657 Fc 281769 Fc 260652 Fc 258728 Fc 245288 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 220 A 210 A 148 A 137 A 135 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 610 A 606 A 479 A 383 A 380 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 27727.3 Fc 28857.1 Fc 32364.9 Fc 27956.2 Fc 28148.2 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 9052 9429 9480 9042 9302
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 98851 105227 107757 107671 106888
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 109203 Fc 111599 Fc 113668 Fc 119079 Fc 114909 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 105714 A 108265 A 107070 A 106344 A 101226 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1507200 A 1718410 A 1662500 A 1730790 A 1525220 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 142574 Fc 158722 Fc 155272 Fc 162754 Fc 150675 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 105714 A 108265 A 107070 A 106344 A 101226 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1507200 A 1718410 A 1662500 A 1730790 A 1525220 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 142574 Fc 158722 Fc 155272 Fc 162754 Fc 150675 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 7720 7483 7445 6953 6417
Watermelons Production Quantity 88332 85982 94914 82801 78537
Watermelons Yield 114420 Fc 114903 Fc 127487 Fc 119087 Fc 122389 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 17043 18811 23026 23887 23509
Wheat Production Quantity 26399 43963 43471 46571 40795
Wheat Seed 1965.8 Fc 1704.3 Fc 1881.1 Fc 2302.6 Fc 2388.7 Fc
Wheat Yield 15489.6 Fc 23370.9 Fc 18879.1 Fc 19496.4 Fc 17352.9 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 24686 23771 26502 24773 21678
Yams Production Quantity 260685 279732 310205 290194 246440
Yams Yield 105600 Fc 117678 Fc 117050 Fc 117141 Fc 113682 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 43785.6 Q 42503 Q 42540 Q 42614 Q 42436 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 41 Q 40 Q 47.78 Q 47.11 Q 44.3 Q
Arable land Area 2098 Fm 1764 Fm 1775 Fm 1830 Fm 1998 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 3998 Q 3353 Q 3354 Q 3461 Q 3570 Q
Country area Area 114175 Q 114175 Q 114175 Q 114175 Q 114175 Q
Fallow land Area 114 Q 112 Q 73 Q 66 Q 160 Q
Forest area Area 60398 Fm 60499 Q 60600 Fm 60701 Fm 60802 Fm
Inland water Area 3225 Fm 3225 Fm 3225 Fm 3225 Fm 3225 Fm
Land area Area 110950 Q 110950 Q 110950 Q 110950 Q 110950 Q
Other land Area 6766.4 Fm 7948 Fm 7810 Fm 7635 Fm 7712 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area 30923.4 Q 31236 Q 31625 Q 31521 Q 31445 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area 8864.2 Q 7914 Q 7561 Q 7632 Q 7421 Q
Permanent crops Area 1900 Fm 1589 Fm 1579 Fm 1631 Fm 1572 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 39787.6 Q 39150 Q 39186 Q 39153 Q 38866 Q
Temporary crops Area 1984 Fm 1652 Fm 1702 Fm 1764 Fm 1838 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 1087 I 1050 Fm 1000 Fm 1000 Fm 1000 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 42174 Q 42557 Q 42391 Q 42051 Q 41607 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 50.76 Q 45.7 I
Arable land Area 1904.6 Fm 2026 Fm 2238 Fm 2264 Fm 2211 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 3369.3 Q 3613 Q 3708 Q 3749 Q 3736 Q
Country area Area 114175 Q 114175 Q 114175 Q 114175 Q 114175 Q
Fallow land Area 108.2 Q 156 Q 102 Q
Forest area Area 60903 Fm 61004 Q 61105 Fm 61206 Fm 61307 Fm
Inland water Area 3225 Fm 3225 Fm 3225 Fm 3225 Fm 3225 Fm
Land area Area 110950 Q 110950 Q 110950 Q 110950 Q 110950 Q
Other land Area 7873 Fm 7389 Fm 7454 Fm 7693 Fm 8036 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area 31016.2 Q 30977 Q 30453 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area 7788.5 Q 7967 Q 8230 Q
Permanent crops Area 1464.7 Fm 1587 Fm 1470 Fm 1485 Fm 1525 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 38804.7 Q 38944 Q 38683 Q 38302 Q 37871 Q
Temporary crops Area 1796.4 Fm 1870 Fm 2136 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 1000 Fm 900 Fm 900 Fm 900 F 900 F
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files