Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

China

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Datasheet

China

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 1,397,715,000 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 10,390 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 14,519,055.04 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 14,279,937.47 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 7.14 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
Cucumis dipsaceus (hedgehog gourd)PresentXu XueWen et al. (2020)
yellow head virusAbsentOIE (2019)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentCABI and EPPO (2009); Bradbury (1986); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter sepedonicus (potato ring rot)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentNäumann et al. (2012)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus thuringiensis kurstakiPresentCABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)Present, LocalizedNakamura et al. (1996); Chen et al. (2009); Yu et al. (2016); Cai et al. (2017); Liu et al. (2018); Luan et al. (2018); Xu et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma)Present, Few occurrencesDuduk et al. (2010); Quaglino et al. (2013); Yang RuiHuan et al. (2016); Yu et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma trifolii (clover proliferation phytoplasma)PresentZhang Lei et al. (2020); Zhang Lei et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaePresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch)PresentCABI and EPPO (2011); Ren et al. (2006); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Hepatobacter penaeiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (citrus greening)PresentEPPO (2022); Bové (2006); Deng et al. (2007); Deng et al. (2008); Deng et al. (2008); Deng et al. (2008); Chen et al. (2009); Lou et al. (2012); Lou BingHai et al. (2014); CABI/EPPO (2017); Qian WenJuan et al. (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)PresentEPPO (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEdwardsiella tardaPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive)PresentSun et al. (1993); Li et al. (2014); Fu et al. (2019); Ruan et al. (2019); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (bacterial canker of kiwifruit)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); Tu Xuan et al. (2011); Ferrante and Scortichini (2015); Yang et al. (2015); Liu Pu et al. (2016); Andersen et al. (2018); Jing et al. (2018); Dai et al. (2019); He Rong et al. (2019); Yin YuJie et al. (2019); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Li et al. (2005); Liu et al. (2011); She et al. (2013); Jiang et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (1999); Ran et al. (2005); She XiaoMan et al. (2017); EPPO (2021)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella AbortusequiPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaVibrio parahaemolyticusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); Yang YiTing et al. (2014); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentBradbury (1986); Chen HongYu et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Present, WidespreadNativeHuang QingChun et al. (2006); Li et al. (2007); Lan Bui Thi Ngoc et al. (2010); Ye et al. (2013); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Wang et al. (2017)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola (bacterial leaf streak of rice)Present, LocalizedRen et al. (1993); Wonni et al. (2014); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas translucens pv. cerealis (bacterial leaf streak of grasses)PresentEPPO (2014)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas translucens pv. translucens (bacterial leaf streak of barley)PresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensisPresent, Few occurrencesIntroducedWetchateng et al. (2010); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo)PresentNativeSkvortzov (1935); Li et al. (2003)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces invadansAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora philippinensis (Philippine downy mildew of maize)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronospora belbahrii (basil downy mildew)Present, LocalizedHu et al. (2018); Kong et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentEPPO (2022); Zhou et al. (1992); Zeng HuiCai et al. (2009); Lan et al. (2016); Lan et al. (2016)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)Present, LocalizedMartin and Tooley (2004); Zeng HuiCai et al. (2009); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1982); Zeng HuiCai et al. (2009)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora vignae (Phytophthora stem rot of cowpea)PresentHwang and Qi (1984)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara angustiterminalisPresentChen et al. (2018)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2014)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria gaisen (black spot of Japanese pear)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1996); Tian et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentDavid (2000); Tai (1979); Zhang (2000); Wang HongKai and Zhang TianYu (2003); Xiao ChangKun et al. (2004); Ren et al. (2012); Sein LaiLaiAung et al. (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria triticina (leaf blight of wheat)PresentIntroducedZhang (2000); Guo (2005)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaArthrocladiella mougeotiiPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentKong LingRang and Dong YuChen (1997); CABI and EPPO (2004); Zhang et al. (2014); Xue et al. (2017); Zou YaFei et al. (2018)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBotryotinia porri (Botrytis rot of garlic)PresentZhang et al. (2009)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Present, LocalizedNativeSy (1956); Huang et al. (2003); Xu et al. (2011); Li et al. (2014); Li et al. (2014); Harrington et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); Zhang et al. (2017); Li et al. (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentEPPO (2022); Dai et al. (2006); CABI and EPPO (2010); Du et al. (2017)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiaporthe eres (apple leaf, branch and fruit fungus)PresentFan XinLei et al. (2018); Zhang et al. (2018); Song et al. (2019); Zheng XiangRong et al. (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiaporthe gulyae (Phomopsis stem canker of sunflower)PresentManawasinghe et al. (2019); Zhang et al. (2019)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentLiang (1986); Yu (1947); Tai (1979); Punithalingam (1993); UK, CAB International (1993); Guo (2005)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiplodia seriata (grapevine trunk disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (2005); Jiao et al. (2014); Zhang et al. (2017)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe paeoniaePresentQian et al. (2016)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe plataniPresent, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2013); Zhu and Pei (2017)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe sediPresentFang et al. (2017); Tang et al. (2016)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe vanbruntianaPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentZhang et al. (2011); Huang SuiPing et al. (2013); CABI and EPPO (2015); Li et al. (2015); Mostert et al. (2017); Czislowski et al. (2018); Zheng SiJun et al. (2018); Sun JiaMan et al. (2019); Wu KaiLi et al. (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense tropical race 4 (Foc TR4)PresentQi (2001); Zhang et al. (2011); Li et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (Fusarium wilt)PresentCABI (Undated); Assigbetse et al. (1994); Fernandez et al. (1994); Skovgaard et al. (2001); Abo et al. (2005); Holmes et al. (2009); Guo QingGang et al. (2015)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Present, LocalizedZheng (1983); Baayen et al. (2002); Hu Jia et al. (2010); CABI/EPPO (2012); Wang XingHong et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHymenoscyphus fraxineus (ash dieback)PresentCABI (Undated); Baral and Bemmann (2014); Drenkhan et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaKabatiella zeae (eyespot)PresentUK, CAB International (1993)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2000); Guo (2005); Zhu XiaoQiong et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella gibsonii (needle blight of pine)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaNeofusicoccum mangiferaePresentQiu et al. (2018); Dissanayake et al. (2015); Wan Yu et al. (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentCABI and EPPO (2008); Tai (1979); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentAmano (1986)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPodosphaera spiraeae (Japanese spiraea powdery mildew)PresentIntroducedInvasiveXing et al. (2014);
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudogymnoascus destructans (white-nose syndrome fungus)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaRaffaelea lauricola (laurel wilt)PresentNativeHulcr and Lou (2013)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentUK, CAB International (1984); Hanson (1963); Tai (1979)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresentLi DaPeng et al. (2015)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAustropuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)PresentIntroducedCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)Present, LocalizedTai (1979); UK, CAB International (1983); Song (1988); Guo (1989); Cheng et al. (1998); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); Herb IMI (undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaGymnosporangium yamadae (Japanese apple rust)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion insularePresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion parviporumPresentDai et al. (2006); Dai and Korhonen (2003)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaInonotus rickiiPresentCABI (Undated); Cui et al. (2014)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMelampsoridium hiratsukanum (alder rust)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus)PresentEPPO (2022); Cummins and Ling (1950); Tai (1979); Ono (2000); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)Present, LocalizedCummins and Ling (1950); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997); Wang et al. (2016)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia buxiPresentZhuang (2003); Zhang et al. (1997)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)PresentCABI (Undated); Han et al. (2019)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)PresentEPPO (2022); Cao ZhiMin et al. (2000); CABI and EPPO (2008); Demers et al. (2015)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)PresentRyan and Egan (1989); Magarey (2000); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPucciniastrum coryliPresentSpaulding (1961)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaSporisorium sacchari (Asian sugarcane smut)PresentNativeLing (1953); Tai (1979); Guo (2002); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); UK, CAB International (1991)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)PresentBai ChangMing et al. (2012); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Bi ChaoWei and Hu QiuLing (2005); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges tsugae (hemlock woolly adelgid)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdoretus sinicus (Chinese rose beetle)PresentUK, CAB International (1981); Zhang YanZhuo et al. (2008); Xu et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrilus planipennis (emerald ash borer)Present, LocalizedNativeWei Xia et al. (2004); Haack et al. (2002); Liu et al. (2003); Yang ZhongQi et al. (2005); CABI and EPPO (2006); Liu et al. (2007); Wei Xia et al. (2007); Wang XiaoYi et al. (2010); Bray et al. (2011); Yang ZhongQi et al. (2012); Herms and McCullough (2014); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); Chiang (1977); APPPC (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Zheng et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRen and Liu (1978); Huang (1994); Liu and Xiangui (2007); Liu (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn)Present, WidespreadNativeAPPPC (1987); Lingafelter and Hoebeke (2002); CABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle)PresentNativePan HongYang (2005); Hajek et al. (2006); Carter et al. (2009); CABI and EPPO (2014); Feng YuQian et al. (2014); Cao et al. (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentRose (1990); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentAPPPC (1987); Kumari et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentAPPPC (1987); Xia et al. (1999); Liu XiangDong et al. (2005); Ma XiaoMu et al. (2006); Wang KaiYun et al. (2007); Shi XiaoBin et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentNativeInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis ceranaPresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis melliferaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAproceros leucopoda (elm zigzag sawfly)Present, LocalizedNativeYu et al. (2011); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArchips xylosteanus (apple, leafroller)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated); Liu and Pai K.-W. (1974); Park et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArgyrotaenia ljungianaPresentByun BongKyu et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAromia bungii (red necked longicorn)Present, WidespreadNativeLiu QiZhi et al. (1998); Hua (2002); Hua et al. (2009); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale)Present, LocalizedNativeCABI and EPPO (2000); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Muniappan et al. (2012); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAutographa gamma (silver-Y moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera correcta (guava fruit fly)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2003); Liu et al. (2011); Jiang et al. (2013); Liu XiaoFei et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2003); Virgilio et al. (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)Present, WidespreadInvasiveHan Peng et al. (2011); Wan XuanWu et al. (2011); Shi Wei et al. (2012); Wan XuanWu et al. (2012); CABI/EPPO (2013); Aketarawong et al. (2014); Bo et al. (2014); Wang et al. (2014); Wu ZhongZhen et al. (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera latifrons (Solanum fruit fly)PresentClausen et al. (1965); Lin MingGuang et al. (2006); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera minax (Chinese citrus fly)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera tauPresentCABI (Undated); Liang et al. (1993); Yang et al. (1994); Wang (1996); Agarwal and Sueyoshi (2005); Li XiaoZhen et al. (2009); Zhang GuoNa et al. (2012); Drew and Romig (2013); Li Li et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBalanus amphitrite (striped barnacle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Present, LocalizedCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); Zhang et al. (2005); Chu Dong et al. (2006); Wu et al. (2006); Liu et al. (2008); Gu et al. (2011); Li ShaoJian et al. (2011); Ji et al. (2012); Zhang and Wu (2013); Zhao et al. (2013); Li et al. (2014); Wang JiRui et al. (2014); Hu Jian et al. (2015); Zhou et al. (2015); Sun et al. (2016); Zhou et al. (2016); Seebens et al. (2017); Wang et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentEPPO (2022); Zhang et al. (2005); Chu Dong et al. (2006); Chu et al. (2007); Hsieh ChiaHung et al. (2007); Lin KeJian et al. (2008); Shatters et al. (2009); Ahmed et al. (2010); Liu et al. (2010); Teng Xi et al. (2010); Rao et al. (2011); Chu Dong et al. (2012); Li RuMei et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentCABI (Undated); Zhang et al. (2005); Chu Dong et al. (2006); Chu et al. (2007); Hsieh ChiaHung et al. (2007); Ma DeYing et al. (2007); Ahmed et al. (2009); Rao et al. (2011); Chu Dong et al. (2012); Li RuMei et al. (2013); Jahan et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Woo and Guo (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrachyponera chinensis (Asian needle ant)PresentNativeGuénard et al. (2018); Brown (1958); Nelder et al. (2006); Mackay and Mackay (2010); Miner (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrontispa longissima (coconut hispine beetle)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (1998); Seebens et al. (2017); Chen ZhiMing et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallidiellum rufipenne (Japanese cedar longhorn beetle)PresentNativeGressitt (1951); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid)PresentDing JianQing and Fu WeiDong (2000); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCephalcia alashanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCephalcia erythrogasterPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid)PresentCABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis japonica (lady crab)Present, WidespreadNativeWee and Ng (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax cainii (smooth marron)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Lawrence and Jones (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax destructor (yabby)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Ackefors (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Ackefors (2000); FAO-DIAS (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilades pandavaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveUK, CAB International (1977); He YuePing et al. (2007); He YuePing et al. (2007); Chen XiaoJuan et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChonocephalus depressusPresentLi ZiLing et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccidohystrix insolita (eggplant mealybug)PresentVeilleux et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentPan ShiQing et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaColeophora deauratella (red clover casebearer)PresentBaldizzone and Savenkov (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConopomorpha cramerella (cocoa pod borer)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes (termites)PresentLi (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes formosanus (Formosan subterranean termite)PresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes gestroi (Asian subterranean termite)PresentIntroducedInvasiveXia and He (1986); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha marmorata (chrysanthemum lace bug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadCui et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth)PresentNativeWalker (1859); Inoue (1982); She DeSong and Feng FuJuan (2006); Zhang YanZhuo et al. (2008); Yang et al. (2011); CABI/EPPO (2012); Hİzal et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1970); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle)PresentEPPO (2022); Furniss (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus pseudotsugae (Douglas-fir beetle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus valens (red turpentine beetle)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBritton and Sun JiangHua (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendrolimus punctatus (Masson pine caterpillar)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001); Qian (1987); Chu (1988); Li et al. (1994); Zheng BaoYou and Zheng Yu (1996); Liang ChengJie et al. (1998); Sheng JinKun and Yu YunXiang (1998); Han BaoYu et al. (1999); Liang ChengJie et al. (1999); Wen XiaoSui et al. (2001); Tang and Tian YingChuan (2003); Zhang AiBing et al. (2003); Zhao ChengHua et al. (2004); Huang Lili et al. (2005); Wang JunPing et al. (2005); Zhang Zhen et al. (2005); Peng LongHui et al. (2006); Xu YanXi et al. (2006); Zhang Yong'an et al. (2007); Huang LiLi et al. (2008); Wang XiaoLei et al. (2009); Fang LiYing and Chen ShangWen (2010); Liu YouLian (2010); Qi XingLan et al. (2010); Zhou Yin et al. (2014); Qin Jie et al. (2015); Bin Wang et al. (2017); Luo Dan et al. (2018); Li Jing et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendrolimus superans sibiricus (Siberian silk moth)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDermestes olivieriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)PresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiprion similis (white pine sawfly)PresentNativeXiao et al. (1983); Zhang Zhen and Zhou ShuZhi (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)PresentNativePeng (1937); CABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp)Present, WidespreadBernardo et al. (2013); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); He YanBiao et al. (2012); He YanBiao et al. (2013); Palma-Jiménez and Blanco-Meneses (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); He YanBiao et al. (2014);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEchinothrips americanusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEphestia kuehniella (Mediterranean flour moth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir hepuensis (Hepu mitten crab)PresentNativeNaser et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota thrax (banana skipper)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota torus (banana skipper)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErthesina fullo (yellow-spotted stink bug)PresentGao CuiQing et al. (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulecanium excrescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEupoecilia ambiguella (grapevine moth)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea destruensPresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (polyphagous shot-hole borer)PresentNativeSeebens et al. (2017); Stouthamer et al. (2017); Gomez et al. (2018); Smith et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea perbrevis (tea shot-hole borer)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992); CABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaExomala orientalis (oriental beetle)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentKaydan and Gullan (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella cephalicaPresentIntroducedInvasiveTong XiaoLi and Lv YaoBin (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveZhang et al. (2003); Reitz et al. (2011); Duan HuiSheng et al. (2013); Seebens et al. (2017); Wan et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGalleria mellonella (greater waxmoth)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)PresentEPPO (2022); Kirk et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGreenidea ficicolaPresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentJacot-Guillarmod and Brothers (1986); Han (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHaemaphysalis longicornisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)Present, WidespreadNativeKoch (2003); CABI and EPPO (2007); Tayeh et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1993); Wu KongMing et al. (1999); Tang Feng et al. (2000); Wu KongMing et al. (2002); Deng JianYu et al. (2004); Wan et al. (2005); Chen Jia et al. (2011); Ma et al. (2012); Yang YiHua et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1961); Zhang and Tong (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia pitysophila (pine needle hemiberlesian scale)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2003); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemigrapsus sanguineus (Asian shore crab)PresentNativeSakai (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemigrapsus takanoi (brush-clawed shore crab)PresentNativeCABI Data Mining (undated); Sakai (1976); Asakura and Watanabe (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)Present, LocalizedFAO (1994); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobitelus xiaoiPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil)PresentLiu et al. (1989); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Yang ZhongQi et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentSun et al. (2020); Sun ShiWei et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdioscopus clypealis (mango leafhopper)Present, LocalizedViraktamath (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdioscopus nitidulus (mango leafhopper)Present, LocalizedViraktamath (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentBen-Dov et al. (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps cembrae (large larch bark beetle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle)PresentZhang QingHe et al. (2001); Chen GuoFa et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps grandicollis (five-spined bark beetle)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps hauseri (Kyrgyz mountain engraver)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps subelongatus (larch bark beetle)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Yu et al. (1984); Yu and Zhang (1988); Liu et al. (1989); Liu et al. (1990); Gao ChangQi et al. (2000); Zhang QingHe et al. (2002); Yang et al. (2003); Zhang QingHe et al. (2007); CABI and EPPO (2008); Yuan Fei et al. (2008); Paciura et al. (2010); Song LiWen et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeguminivora glycinivorella (soyabean pod borer)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1962); Liu Ning et al. (2012); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLernaea cyprinaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveAPPPC (1987); CERIS (2004); Wu YuPeng et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)PresentNativeLu and Casagrande (1998); Yu PeiYu et al. (2001); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria lignorum (gribble)PresentWei (1991); Huang et al. (1993); Huang (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis divinatoriusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Present, LocalizedWei JiaNing et al. (2000); CABI and EPPO (2002); He LiPing et al. (2002); Seebens et al. (2017); Zhang et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (1997); Zhang et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLissorhoptrus oryzophilus (rice water weevil)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveNagata (1990); CABI/EPPO (2011); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (European grapevine moth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLuperomorpha xanthoderaPresentCABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLycorma delicatula (spotted lanternfly)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); Kim HyoJoong et al. (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Schaefer et al. (1984); Pogue and Schaefer (2007); Bi HuiQuan et al. (2008); Keena et al. (2008); Duan et al. (2011); Duan et al. (2012); Harrison et al. (2014); Wu et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria mathura (pink gypsy moth)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveOdell et al. (1992); Mohn (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)PresentNativeInvasiveEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria xylinaPresentCABI Data Mining (undated); Li et al. (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)Present, LocalizedNativeCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Yixiong and Suzhi (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1984); Tao (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaliarpha separatella (African white rice borer)PresentMartin (1958)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMatsucoccus matsumuraePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)Present, WidespreadHe ChunGui (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus alternatus (Japanese pine sawyer)PresentNativeWang (1983); Teale et al. (2011); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus saltuarius (Japanese pine sawyer)Present, LocalizedXiao (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveZhang et al. (1993); CABI and EPPO (2009); Wang YiPing et al. (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus urussovii (white mottled sawyer)Present, LocalizedLiu et al. (1989); Wang ZhiMing et al. (2007); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Lu FuPing et al. (2014); Lu Hui et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentIntroducedFang WeiTao et al. (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentAPPPC (1987); Liu ShuSheng and Meng XueDuo (1999); Zhang Xiao et al. (2015); Zhu et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNesticella mogera (cave-dwelling spider)PresentKielhorn (2009); Spinnen Forum (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994); CABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994); CABI and EPPO (2005); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaObolodiplosis robiniae (black locust gall midge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveCheng and Yang (1997); Yang ChiKun and Cheng GuiFang (1997); CABI and EPPO (1999); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOracella acuta (loblolly pine mealybug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992); Bright and Skidmore (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOxycarenus hyalinipennis (cotton, seed bug)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)PresentIntroducedAhmed et al. (2015); Wu FuZhong et al. (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaergasilus longidigitusPresentNativeFuentes et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes mineiPresent, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)Present, WidespreadDu et al. (1984); Du et al. (1985); Miao et al. (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentTang (1977); Wang (1980); Yang (1982); Tang (1991); Cui ShiYing et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPealius mori (mulberry whitefly)PresentWang JiRui et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Muniappan (2009); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhloeomyzus passerinii (poplar woolly aphid)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea absoluta (tomato leafminer)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveZhang et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1986); Rae et al. (1996); Zhu and Huang (2002); Zhang YanZhou et al. (2007); Gao JunYan et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls)PresentNativeFang et al. (1988); Zhou (2012); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentTang et al. (1992); CABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1967); Wei ShuJun et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes chinensis antennalis (Asian paper wasp)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPopillia japonica (Japanese beetle)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Ping (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPristiphora laricisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProciphilus fraxinifoliiPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer)Absent, Intercepted onlyUK, CAB International (1995); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaonidia duplex (camphor, scale)PresentBen-Dov et al. (2014); APPPC (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)Present, WidespreadBorchsenius (1966); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug)PresentIntroducedGimpel and Miller (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudodiaptomus marinusPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPtilineurus marmoratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichus erythrinae (Erythrina gall wasp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); CABI and EPPO (2009); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRastrococcus invadens (fruit tree mealybug)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinoncus pericarpiusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)Present, LocalizedLi YueZhong et al. (2009); CABI and EPPO (2016); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentDunkel et al. (1982); Li DanDan et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda populnea (small poplar borer)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSchizotetranychus bambusaePresentZhang YanXuan et al. (2001); Zhang ZhiQiang et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Li JinMing et al. (2004); Zhang et al. (2004); CABI and EPPO (2010); Chen YongSen et al. (2010); Ke ShengBing et al. (2011); Mirab-Balou et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus morawitzi (scolytid of Morawitz)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus schevyrewi (banded elm bark beetle)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveWood and Bright (1992); Bright and Skidmore (2002); Houping and Haack (2003); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedon aenescens (snail-killing fly)PresentYano (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer)Present, LocalizedNativeUK, CAB International (1968); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001); Li DanDan et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976); Li DanDan et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)Present, WidespreadChamp and Dyte (1977); Dunkel et al. (1985); Zhu (1987); Li DanDan et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); ISSG (2009); Gotzek et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveIPPC (2008); CABI and EPPO (2010); ISSG (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSophonia orientalis (two-spotted leafhopper)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSphaeroma walkeriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentFAO (2019); FAO (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)PresentChen BoSheng et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)Present, LocalizedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1993); Cui et al. (1999); Huang ShuiJin and Han ZhaoJun (2007); Wan Peng et al. (2008); Chen et al. (2009); Yang Song et al. (2009); Tu YeGou et al. (2010); Xue Ming et al. (2010); Su JianYa et al. (2012); Yang MingWen et al. (2012); Xin et al. (2014); Zhang JinMing et al. (2014); Fu XiaoWei et al. (2015); Wu ChengXu et al. (2015); Sang Song et al. (2016); Zhang Li et al. (2017); Wang XueGui et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Bing (1989); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTakecallis taiwanusPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); International Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeAPHIS (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThecodiplosis japonensis (pine needle gall midge)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2004); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)PresentEPPO (2022); Dong JiaHong et al. (2008); Akella et al. (2014); Yin YueYan et al. (2014); Sun et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTremex fuscicornis (Tremex wasp)PresentNativeSmith (1978); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)Present, WidespreadZhu and Ju (1990); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrirachys holosericeus (apple stem borer)PresentNativeCABI (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrirachys sartus (city longhorn beetle)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrisetacus juniperinus (juniper gall mite)PresentNativeInvasiveDia (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsPresentLuo QiHua et al. (2011); Schotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelaps clareaePresentSchotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentZhou Ting et al. (2004); Tzien-He (1965)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa jacobsoni (Varroa mite)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespa velutina (Asian hornet)Present, WidespreadNativeTan et al. (2007); Archer (2012); Yañez et al. (2012); Arca et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeYin et al. (1984); Wood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus glabratus (redbay ambrosia beetle)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similisPresentNativeWood and Bright (1992); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus aterPresentWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentNativeCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus discolorPresentNativeYin et al. (1984); Wood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)PresentCABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus mutilatus (camphor shoot beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeCoyle (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeiraphera diniana (douglas fir cone moth (Japan))PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaSchizoporella errata (branching bryozoan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaSchizoporella japonica (orange ripple bryozoan)PresentLiu et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAbbottina rivularis (Chinese false gudgeon)PresentNativeBERG (1949); Bănărescu (1991); Nie et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcanthogobius flavimanusPresentNativeEschmeyer et al. (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcentrogobius pflaumiiPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcipenser schrenckii (amur sturgeon)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)BirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Tan and Tong (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmphiprionPresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis sagrei (brown anole)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentNativeJennings (1988); NACA (1989); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Ma et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBotrylloides perspicuusPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationNativeCockrill (1977); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCallosciurus erythraeus (Pallas's squirrel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius cuvieri (Japanese crucian carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Tan and Tong (1989); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius gibelio (Prussian carp)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus canadensis (wapiti)Present, LocalizedNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika)Present, LocalizedNativeMcCullough et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCettia diphone (Japanese bush-warbler)PresentNativeClement and Juana (2013); Clements et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChanna argus argus (northern snakehead)PresentNativeCourtenay and Williams (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChanna marulius (bullseye snakehead)PresentNativeCourtenay and Williams (2004); Froese R and Pauly D (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias batrachus (walking catfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentIntroducedInvasiveWelcomme (1988); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentNativeShireman and Smith (1983); FAO (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)Present, WidespreadNativeAlikhuni (1966); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDicrurus macrocercusPresent, WidespreadNativeMacKinnon and Phillipps (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDuttaphrynus melanostictus (Asian common toad)PresentNativeDijk et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus planirostris (greenhouse frog)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataErinaceus europaeus (European hedgehog)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWelcomme (1988); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFowler (1970); Froese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGarrulax canorus (Chinese hwamei)Present, WidespreadNativeClements et al. (2014); Avibase (2015); BirdLife International (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemibarbus maculatus (spotted steed)PresentNativeWelcomme (1988); Yu LiZhong et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemiculter leucisculus (common sawbelly)Present, WidespreadNativeBERG (1949); Bănărescu (1991); Nie et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko)Present, WidespreadNativeThe Reptile Database (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypomesus nipponensis (wakasagi)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypostomus plecostomus (suckermouth catfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Ma et al. (2003); Froese R and Pauly D (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus furcatus (blue catfish)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedMa et al. (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedMa et al. (2003); Froese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeiothrix lutea (red-billed leiothrix)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish)PresentIntroducedMa et al. (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis macrochirus (bluegill)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)Present, WidespreadNativeAllen (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacaca fascicularis (crab-eating macaque)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacaca mulatta (rhesus macaque)PresentNativeTimmins et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacrochelys temminckii (alligator snapping turtle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Ma et al. (2003); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMisgurnus anguillicaudatus (oriental weatherloach)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMonopterus albus (Asian swamp eel)PresentNativeFishbase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMuntiacus reevesi (Reeves' muntjac)Present, WidespreadNativeSheng (1991); Zhang (1997); Pang et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNyctereutes procyonoides (raccoon dog)PresentNativeWard and Wurster-Hill (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Xie Yan et al. (2001); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat)Present, LocalizedIntroducedLong (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); FAO (1997); Pullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPavo cristatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca flavescens (yellow perch)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Fishbase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerccottus glenii (Amur sleeper)Present, WidespreadNativeBogutskaya and Naseka (2002); Miller and Vasil'eva (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)Present, WidespreadNativeQu et al. (2009); Switzer (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPiaractus brachypomus (pirapitinga)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomoxis nigromaculatus (black crappie)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Welcomme (1988); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)PresentNativeInvasiveBogutskaya and Naseka (1996); Baruš (1995); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula eupatria (Alexandrine parakeet)Present, Few occurrences, Confirmed present by surveyIntroducedAncillotto et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered bulbul)Present, LocalizedNativeBirdLife International (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPython bivittatus (Burmese python)Present, LocalizedNativeLin (1983); Liu (1986); Zhao and Adler (1993); Zhong (1993); Ji and Wen (2002); Reed and Rodda (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentNativeHuang ChengTing et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFei et al. (1999); DIAS (2004); Kraus (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus exulans (Pacific rat)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentNativeInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus tanezumi (Asian house rat)PresentNativeAplin et al. (2011); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhodeus ocellatus ocellatus (rosy bitterling)PresentIntroducedBERG (1949); Welcomme (1988); Kawamura et al. (2001); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); Froese and Pauly (2004); Kottelat and Freyhof (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)PresentIntroducedFAO (2019); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander vitreus (walleye)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSarotherodon galilaeus (mango tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSchilbe mystus (African butter catfish)PresentIntroducedFAO (1997); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciaenops ocellatus (red drum)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus asotus (Amur catfish)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Wu (1982); Kobayakawa (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish)PresentIntroducedFroese R and Pauly D (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSuncus murinus (Asian house shrew)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTamias sibiricus (Siberian chipmunk)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)Absent, Formerly presentWelcomme (1988); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentNativeFishBase (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrichopodus trichopterus (three spot gourami)PresentNativeHwang et al. (1988); Ma et al. (2003); Froese R and Pauly D (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAsterias amurensis (northern Pacific seastar)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveJarrett (1931); Schotman (1989); Lv Shan et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017); Huang DaNa et al. (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAmpullaria gigas (Amazonian Snail)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveAllen and Williams (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentNativeInvasiveAguirre and Poss (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbula amurensis (Amur River clam)PresentNativeSchrenck (1861)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)Present, WidespreadNativeWiktor et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEuglandina rosea (rosy predator snail)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimnoperna fortunei (golden mussel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Oliveira et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMagallana gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentNativeQi (1989); Wang et al. (1993); Yu ZiNiu et al. (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilopsis sallei (Caribbean false mussel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveZheng et al. (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)PresentMcDonald et al. (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPerna viridis (Asian green mussel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentNativeHwang et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHalwart (1994); Halwart and Bartley (2006); Wu and Xie (2006); Yin YouPing et al. (2006); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea insularum (island applesnail)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentNativeQi (1998); Zhuang (1964)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTeredo navalis (naval shipworm)PresentBernard et al. (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassusPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguina tritici (wheat seed gall nematode)PresentThorne (1961); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Qiu et al. (1991); CABI and EPPO (2000); Ou et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2000); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)PresentIntroducedInvasiveZhao BoGuang et al. (2003); Wu et al. (2013); CABI and EPPO (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Zhang and Zhang (2007); CABI/EPPO (2013); Ou et al. (2017); Mao YanZhi et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Present, LocalizedShepherd and Barker (1990); CABI and EPPO (2009); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera tabacum (tobacco cyst nematode)PresentShepherd and Barker (1990); CABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedIntroducedNakata and Asuyana (1938); Liu XongHong et al. (1997); Zheng et al. (2009); CABI and EPPO (2011); Shi and Zheng (2013); Wang et al. (2015); Peng et al. (2016); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm)PresentLiu and Li (1989); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentShaoshing and Ziming (1991); CABI and EPPO (2003); Wang et al. (2012); Xu et al. (2012); Fu et al. (2013); Wang XiZhuo et al. (2013); Zeng JianMin et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne enterolobii (Pacara earpod tree root-knot nematode)PresentZhang (1987); Xu JianHua et al. (2004); Hu et al. (2011); Karssen et al. (2012); Jindapunnapat et al. (2013); Lin YenPo et al. (2013); CABI and EPPO (2014); Gao et al. (2014); Long et al. (2014); Wang et al. (2014); Long et al. (2015); Wang et al. (2015); Zhou et al. (2016); Xiao et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode)PresentZhao HongHai et al. (2001); Zhou et al. (2015); Long et al. (2017); Wang et al. (2017); Chen et al. (2019); Xie et al. (2019); Ju YuLiang et al. (2020); Luo Man et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentHu XianQi et al. (1997); CABI and EPPO (2002); Li WenHao et al. (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002); Zeng JianMin et al. (2018); Song et al. (2019); Song et al. (2019); Song et al. (2019); Liu et al. (2020); Shi Q. Q. et al. (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); Wang et al. (2014); Song et al. (2017); Zeng JianMin et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne mayaguensisPresentEPPO (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2000); Li et al. (2019); Li Yu et al. (2020); Wang Ke et al. (2021); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus goodeyi (banana lesion nematode)PresentCABI (Undated); Zhang et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesGyrodactylus salarisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesHaplorchis pumilioPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaPoriferaCeltodoryx ciocalyptoidesPresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentNativeUNEP (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva pertusaPresent, WidespreadNativeDong and Tseng (1984)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeHaptophytaPrymnesium parvum (golden algae)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSaccharina japonicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSargassum muticum (wire weed)Present, WidespreadNativeYoshida (1983); Phillips (1995); Zhao FengJuan et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaUndaria pinnatifida (Asian kelp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Tseng (1984)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Reed (1954); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern)Present, LocalizedNativeCroft (1986); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCeratopteris thalictroides (watersprite)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyclosorus parasiticus (parasitic maiden fern)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDiplazium esculentum (vegetable fern)PresentNativeIrudayaraj (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium flexuosum (maidenhair creeper)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern)PresentNativeXie et al. (2008); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMacrothelypteris torresiana (swordfern)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMarsilea minuta (pepperwort)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern)PresentGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)Present, WidespreadNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2003); Tan et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris tripartita (giant brake)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris vittata (Chinese ladder brake fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaThelypteris opulenta (jewelled maiden fern)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeTseng (1984)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicorniaPresentNativeTseng (1984); Xia and Zhang (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGrateloupia turuturuPresentNativeXia (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaKappaphycusPresentIntroducedWu et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus esculentus (okra)PresentLi et al. (2016); Zhao Qian et al. (2016); Yan WenXue et al. (2018); Fan et al. (2019); Zhai et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus moschatus (musk mallow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea)PresentNativePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)PresentCABI (Undated); Niu et al. (2009); Cong et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia confusaPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)PresentIntroducedYang et al. (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Pan and Yang (1987); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016); CSIRO (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia glauca (wild dividivi)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood)PresentIntroducedKrisnawati et al. (2011); Kew Royal Botanic Gardens (2016); Li You et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Booth and Yan (1991); Ho and Fang (1997); ILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedWang et al. (1994); Zhang et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002); PIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcalypha australisPresentTang et al. (2018); Ji et al. (2013); He YunHe and Qiang Sheng (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveLiu Jian et al. (2006); GBIF (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWang (1990); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)Present, PlantedIntroducedCao et al. (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)PresentWang et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)Present, LocalizedNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes japonica (Japanese chaff flower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAconitum lycoctonumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcrocarpus fraxinifolius (shingle tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012); World Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene americana (shyleaf)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene indica (Indian jointvetch)Present, WidespreadAnon (1990); He YunHe and Qiang Sheng (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016); Weber et al. (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp)PresentZeng HuiCai et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017); Ma et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979); Wang (1990); She et al. (2013); Mukhtar and Peer (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)Present, WidespreadNativeLi (1963); Zheng (1978); Niu et al. (2010); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAkebia quinata (five-leaf akebia)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia chinensis (Chinese albizia)Present, PlantedNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)Present, PlantedNativeILDIS (2002); Xie YanLan et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016); Morton (1983); ILDIS (2016); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016); Valkenburg (1997); ILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)Present, PlantedNativeOyen (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlhagi maurorum (camelthorn)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium ramosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia cucullata (Chinese taro)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentCABI (Undated); He et al. (2014); Li et al. (2016); Ben HaiYan et al. (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWeber et al. (2008); Zeng HuiCai et al. (2009); Zhai et al. (2013); Chen and Zhong (2017); Seebens et al. (2017); Zhang et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus japonicusPresentMohamed et al. (2012); He YunHe and Qiang Sheng (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)PresentNativeGovaerts (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera paronychioidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveJulien et al. (1995); Guo and Zhou (2006); Weber et al. (2008); He YunHe and Qiang Sheng (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera pungens (Khaki weed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Pan Changshang (1984); Xiang MeiMei (2002); Chen Yue et al. (2013); Wang Yan et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum linifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979); Zhao FuMei et al. (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus cruentus (red amaranth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGBIF (2020); Xu HaiGen et al. (2012); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus palmeri (Palmer amaranth)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1991); He YunHe and Qiang Sheng (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1977); Wang et al. (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus standleyanusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Romanowski (1977); Yang et al. (2005); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDuan HuiPing and Chen BiLian (2000); Ling et al. (2012); Zhao et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2016); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (false indigo-bush)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)Present, WidespreadHiepko (1988); Holm et al. (1991); Tang (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnaphalis margaritaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnemone sylvestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple)Present, LocalizedIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014); PIER (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014); PIER (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2010); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); PIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnubias barteriPresentXu et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApium leptophyllumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApium nodiflorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium oxycedri (juniper dwarf mistletoe)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crispa (coral berry)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia)PresentNativeOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia humilis (low shoebutton)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAreca catechu (betelnut palm)PresentCABI (Undated); Zeng HuiCai et al. (2009); Tang et al. (2013); Wang et al. (2019); Zhang H et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgyreia nervosa (elephant creeper)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood)PresentLin et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia capillarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus heterophyllus (jackfruit)PresentLong et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)Present, PlantedNativeUSDA-ARS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster squamatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster subulatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); He YunHe and Qiang Sheng (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstilbe rivularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex sagittataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)Present, WidespreadHafliger and Scholz (1981); Tu (1983); He YunHe and Qiang Sheng (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Zhang ShaoMing et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus compressus (carpet grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Zhang et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentIntroducedInvasiveFlora of China Editorial Committee (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)Present, PlantedNaturalizedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa monnieri (water hyssop)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa longispiculata (mahal bamboo)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa textilisPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa tuldoides (punting pole bamboo)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria lupulina (hophead Philippine violet)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)PresentMao et al. (2016); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2017); PIER (2017); USDA-ARS (2017); WCSP (2017); Yang et al. (2018); Yu et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentNativeContu (2012); Orwa et al. (2009); Xu Biao et al. (2018); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia tomentosa (yellow bauhinia)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerberis aggregataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerberis gagnepainiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)PresentHuang et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens albaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentCABI (Undated); He YunHe and Qiang Sheng (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979); Lin et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015); Xiong et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBlyxa aubertii (roundfruit blyxa)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoehmeria pendulifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed)PresentCABI (Undated); Xie et al. (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa bladhii (Caucasian bluestem)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)Present, WidespreadNativeCook et al. (2005); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBougainvillea spectabilis (great bougainvillea)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2018); Zeng HuiCai et al. (2009); Li GuoQing et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)Present, WidespreadNativeChen ShouLiang and Phillips (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBracteantha bracteataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentNative and IntroducedYang GenHua et al. (2005); Xie et al. (2016); Liu et al. (2017); PIER (2018); Missouri Botanical Garden (2019); Zhou et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2018); Cai et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa subsp. oleifera (turnip rape)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBreynia disticha (snowbush)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentIntroducedeFloras (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)Present, LocalizedNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBroussonetia papyrifera (paper mulberry)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); Wu et al. (2011); Yan et al. (2011); Luo et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuchloe dactyloidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja alternifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja asiatica (dog tail)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja lindleyana (Lindley's butterflybush)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage)PresentIntroducedInvasiveITIS (2008); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)Present, PlantedNativeILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedZeng HuiCai et al. (2009); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2014); ILDIS (2014); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus)Present, LocalizedIntroducedWu (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repens (creeping inch-plant)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis gigantea (Yercum fibre)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina microcarpa (smallseed falseflax)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina sativaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCananga odorata (ylang-ylang)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia ensiformis (jack bean)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia gladiata (sword bean)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2007); Jiang et al. (2018); Yang et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentFAO (2009); Song et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentIntroducedLi (1983); Ren et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009); Chu Dong et al. (2006); Zeng HuiCai et al. (2009); Chu Dong et al. (2012); Duan HuiSheng et al. (2013); Wang et al. (2013); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2014); Li et al. (2014); Wang et al. (2015); Zhang et al. (2015); Chen et al. (2016); Li et al. (2016); Lin et al. (2016); Zhang et al. (2016); Zhang et al. (2016); Zhang et al. (2016); Zhao et al. (2016); Diao et al. (2017); She et al. (2017); Sun et al. (2017); Wang et al. (2017); Gao et al. (2018); Li et al. (2018); Li et al. (2018); Luo et al. (2018); Pei et al. (2018); Zhang Yu et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (wavy bittercress)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus crispus (curly plumeless thistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)Present, LocalizedInvasiveIchizen et al. (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex kobomugi (Asiatic sand sedge)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCascabela thevetia (yellow oleander)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)Present, PlantedPIER (2014); Deng et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)PresentIntroducedMerwin (1989); Bai JiaYu and Zhong ChongLu (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroducedEl-Lakany (1983); World Agroforestry Centre (2002); Wang FaMing et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))Present, PlantedIntroducedWAC (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWeber et al. (2008); Seebens et al. (2017); Tian et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCelastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)PresentNativeHou (1955); USDA-ARS (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus longispinus (Spiny burrgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus spinifexPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Wang et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea iberica (Iberian starthistle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensis (Maltese starthistle)PresentIntroducedUSA, USDA, Soil Conserv. Serv. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); Xie et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentipeda minimaPresentGuan et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocarpus arenariusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)PresentCABI (Undated); Pan HuiYun et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratostigma plumbaginoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCereus jamacaru (Queen of the Night)PresentDuan et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014); PIER (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce nutansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce prostrataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCheilocostus speciosus (crepe ginger )PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium acuminatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)Present, WidespreadWang (1990); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium botrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucum (Oak-leaved goosefoot)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium pumilioPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris gayana (Rhodes grass)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2020); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChorispora tenella (blue mustard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGautier (1992); McFadyen (2002); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum carinatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon aciculatus (golden false beardgrass)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon zizanioides (vetiver)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWeber et al. (2008); Seebens et al. (2017); Zhang et al. (2017); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum burmanni (padang cassia)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)PresentCABI (Undated); Zeng HuiCai et al. (2009); Wang JiRui et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon)PresentIntroducedFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Wan FangHao et al. (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeMoore and Frankton (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentFAO (2013); Huang Feng et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClarkia pulchellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis integrifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis orientalis (oriental virginsbower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis terniflora (sweet autumn clematis)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); Swearingen and Bargeron (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome gynandraPresentIntroducedKuhn (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum bungei (rose glorybower)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban)PresentWearn and Mabberley (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum lindleyi (clerodendrum)PresentNativeGovaerts (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum paniculatum (pagoda flower)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum wallichii (Wallich's glorybower)PresentNativePIER (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2016); ILDIS (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd)PresentNativePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentCABI (Undated); Yu et al. (2012); Niu et al. (2014); Niu et al. (2015); Sun et al. (2016); Zhang and Niu (2019); Xu et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)Present, WidespreadNativeWu et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentCABI (Undated); Zeng HuiCai et al. (2009); Wang et al. (2014); Liu et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColubrina asiatica (latherleaf)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015); Hanelt et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)Present, LocalizedCiba Geigy (1982); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentCiba Geigy (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina paludosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Present, WidespreadWang and Kok (1985); Hongyuan et al. (1989); Zhang et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979); He YunHe and Qiang Sheng (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Liu et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant)PresentRandall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoreopsis grandifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoreopsis tinctoriaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster acuminatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster adpressusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster amoenusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster dielsianusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster franchetii (orange cotoneaster)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster glaucophyllus (Cotoneaster)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster henryanusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray)Present, WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster moupinensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster multiflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster nanshanPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster nigerPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster nitensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster nitidusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster obscurusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster rotundifoliusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster splendensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster zabeliiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Belcher (1955); Yang et al. (2012); He YongLin et al. (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria micansPresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis aculeataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentNativeRandall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHui (2012); Yan XiaoLing et al. (2014); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea hyssopifolia (false heather)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus arizonica (Arizona cypress)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentCABI (Undated); Lyu Hui et al. (2020); Qu XiaoJian and Fan ShouJin (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta japonica (Japanese dodder)Present, WidespreadNativeFlora of China (2009); USDA-ARS (2009); Yuan et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta monogyna (eastern dodder)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta reflexa (dodder)Present, WidespreadParker and Riches (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta scandensPresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyathula prostrata (pasture weed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)Present, LocalizedeMonocot (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Xie et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); He YunHe and Qiang Sheng (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedJiang Hua et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentCABI (Undated); He YunHe and Qiang Sheng (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015); Li et al. (2009); Han et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissooPresentIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Yao Lin et al. (1976); Wang (1990); Ding et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus carota (carrot)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015); He YunHe and Qiang Sheng (2014); Wang et al. (2014); Wang et al. (2014); Zhang et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelphinium elatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDerris elliptica (tuba root)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2018); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); Hong et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium tortuosum (Florida beggarweed)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmostachya bipinnata (halfa grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus versicolorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Li et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium aristatum (angelton bluestem)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichondra micranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichondra repensPresentCardin et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentNativePIER (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDieffenbachia seguine (dumb cane)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis lanata (Grecian foxglove)PresentDong et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass)PresentNativePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); Zeng HuiCai et al. (2009); He YunHe and Qiang Sheng (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria fuscescens (yellow crab grass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ischaemumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentIntroducedDing et al. (1989); Qiang Sheng et al. (1998); Wu JianRong et al. (1999); Xie et al. (2008); He YunHe and Qiang Sheng (2014); Song et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDinebra retroflexaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentCABI (Undated); Zou et al. (2011); Lin et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLiu Jian et al. (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDopatrium junceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDraba sibiricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWeeds of Australia (2016); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2013); USDA-ARS (2013); Zhang et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDypsis lutescens (yellow butterfly palm)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016); Zeng HuiCai et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentCABI (Undated); Li et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014); Holm et al. (1991); He YunHe and Qiang Sheng (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-pavonis (gulf cockspur grass)PresentIntroducedTropicos (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); Xie et al. (2008); He YunHe and Qiang Sheng (2014); Xu et al. (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta erecta (panic veldtgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Flora of China (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveXie Yan et al. (2001); Chu JianJun et al. (2006); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2007); USA, USDA-ARS (2008); Chen et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus multiflora (cherry silverberry)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus pungens (thorny olive)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)Present, PlantedNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentFAO (2009); Zheng et al. (2017); Li et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis dulcis (Chinese water chestnut)PresentYang et al. (2019); Liu et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017); Song et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Li XiaoPing et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed)PresentIntroducedXu et al. (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElsholtzia ciliataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia coccinea (scarlet tasselflower)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentNativeWang (1990); Xie et al. (2008); Yang et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpiphyllum oxypetalum (dutchman's-pipe cactus)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine)PresentCABI (Undated); Wang et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis amabilis (Japanese lovegrass)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2018); Xie et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis nigraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis unioloides (Chinese lovegrass)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEremochloa ophiuroides (centipedegrass)PresentNativeBuitenhuis and Veldkamp (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron annuus (annual fleabane)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron philadelphicus (Philadelphia fleabane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated); Chen et al. (2013); Fang et al. (2013); Li et al. (2014); Wang JiRui et al. (2014); Lu et al. (2016); Xiao et al. (2016); Wu et al. (2017); Wu et al. (2018); Liu QiYan et al. (2019); Zhai and Zhang (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriochloa villosaPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum diffusumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythronium dens-canisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEtlingera elatior (torch ginger)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWeber et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptusPresentPhan et al. (2015); Li et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)Present, PlantedSeebens et al. (2017); Zhang and Zhu (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus japonicus (Japanese spindle tree)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2017); Huang et al. (2017); Li et al. (2017); Wu ManYing (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus nanusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium trapezoideum (crofton weed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Dong et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia dentataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979); Mukhtar and Peer (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Flora of China (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia maculataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia milii (crown-of-thorns)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia neriifolia (Indian spurge tree)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2020); Li et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplus (petty spurge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); He YunHe and Qiang Sheng (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tithymaloides (devil's backbone)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia trigona (African milk weed)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaExochorda racemosa (common pearlbrush)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Zhang et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood)Present, LocalizedIntroducedILDIS (2009); Ji ChunYan et al. (2017); Chen et al. (2019); Ji et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia baldschuanica (Russian vine)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentHolm et al. (1977); Tu (1989); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentIntroducedChen ShouLiang and Phillips (2006); Zhang et al. (2014); Hu et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); Shenglian et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)PresentFlora of Pakistan (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014); FAO (2009); Zeng HuiCai et al. (2009); Zhang et al. (2013); Mijit et al. (2015); Jiang et al. (2016); Chen et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentQuattrocchi (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentNativeWiersema and León (1999); Quattrocchi (2012); Flora of Pakistan (2014); Wang JiRui et al. (2014); Yao et al. (2015); Wang JiRui et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)PresentNativeMadulid (1995); Hanelt et al. (2001); Pelser et al. (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014); Flora of Pakistan (2014); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis cymosa (tropical fimbry)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); Xie et al. (2008); He YunHe and Qiang Sheng (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlaveria bidentisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia lineata (wild hops)PresentCABI (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlueggea suffruticosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)Present, WidespreadIntroducedeFloras (2013); Liu et al. (2016); Shi et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus americana (white ash)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated); Chen et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFuntumia elastica (West African rubber tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Pei et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGamochaeta pensylvanicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaultheria shallon (salal)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaura lindheimeriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium nepalensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeum aleppicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeeFloras (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena globosa (globe amaranth)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGossypium barbadense (Gallini cotton)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila perfoliataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHaematoxylum campechianum (logwood)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHalogeton glomeratus (halogeton)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)PresentLiu et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009); Chu Dong et al. (2006); Ren et al. (2015); Shi et al. (2015); Zhang et al. (2015); Li et al. (2016); Wu et al. (2016); Xu et al. (2016); Zhang et al. (2016); Sun and Liang (2018); Xia et al. (2018); Zhang et al. (2018); Zhang et al. (2018); Zhou et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus debilis (beach sunflower)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)PresentIntroducedWang HuaFeng et al. (2011); Huang et al. (2017); Seebens et al. (2017); Zhao et al. (2017); Pei et al. (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pubescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis citrinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Li et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis fulva (tawny daylily)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHevea brasiliensis (rubber)PresentFAO (2009); Zeng HuiCai et al. (2009); Cai et al. (2014); Li et al. (2014); Cai et al. (2015); Cai et al. (2016); Huang et al. (2016); Liu et al. (2016); Liu et al. (2016); Yang et al. (2016); Liu et al. (2017); Jiang et al. (2018); Li YaJin et al. (2018); Li You et al. (2018); Shi et al. (2019); Wu et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus elatus (blue mahoe)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated); Huang et al. (2004); Zheng et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHiptage benghalensis (hiptage)PresentNativePIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHosta plantagineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Li et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHovenia dulcisPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHowea belmoreanaPresentZeng HuiCai et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHumulus scandens (Japanese hop)PresentNativeEPPO (2019); Rao et al. (2011); Wang et al. (2013); Liu et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Present, LocalizedPieterse (1981); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle sibthorpioidesPresentZhang ShiMeng et al. (2018); He YunHe and Qiang Sheng (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila polysperma (Indian swampweed)PresentNativeTaiwan, National Science Council of the Republic of China (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015); Guo LiWe et al. (2014); Ma et al. (2014); Liu et al. (2016); Seebens et al. (2017); Wu et al. (2017); Zhang et al. (2017); Zheng et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus pusillusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis brevipes (lesser roundweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2018); Li et al. (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (busy lizzy)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2018); Sun et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)Present, LocalizedNativeMcdonald and Chandler (1994); Garrity et al. (1996); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentNativeILDIS (2014); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (white moonflower )PresentIntroducedInvasiveWeber et al. (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentSubramanyam (1962); Cui YuJing et al. (2004); Li Miao et al. (2009); Mo CeHui et al. (2009); Jia et al. (2012); Wang Xu et al. (2012); Fan BoYi et al. (2014); Liu et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea cairica (five-fingered morning glory)PresentLiu Gang et al. (2016); Seebens et al. (2017); POWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGRIIS (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea nil (white edge morning-glory)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014); Zhang et al. (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); Yang et al. (2018); Qu XiaoJian and Fan ShouJin (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Staples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris tectorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Liu et al. (2015); Lu et al. (2016); Liu et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1977); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIva xanthiifolia (marsh-elder)PresentIntroducedZhi-dong et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIxora finlaysoniana (white jungle flame)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum beesianumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum mesnyiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Zhang et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine)PresentIntroducedChang et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum officinalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum polyanthumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum sambac (Arabian jasmine)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)Present, PlantedIntroducedCaius (1986); Wu YueKai et al. (2011); Ahmed et al. (2015); Guo et al. (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); Kirschner (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe blossfeldiana (flaming katy)PresentIntroducedTang et al. (2016); Fang et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe integra (Never die)PresentNativeNew York Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Boiteau and Allorge-Boiteau (1995); Kunjun and Gilbert (2001); Tang et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria macranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKyllinga nemoralis (white kyllinga)PresentNativeKumar (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKyllinga polyphylla (navua sedge)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLablab purpureus (hyacinth bean)PresentZheng et al. (2016); Shen RuiQing et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca tataricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2018); Zhang et al. (2009); Yan et al. (2016); Cui et al. (2018); Li et al. (2018); Zhu PengXiang et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentCABI (Undated); Wu et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India)PresentNative and IntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagurus ovatus (hare's tail)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamprocapnos spectabilisPresentLi and Zhang (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Corlett (1992); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana montevidensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus japonicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus odoratus (sweet pea)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus palustrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentWaterhouse (1993); USDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium appelianum (hairy whitetop)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium densiflorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium didymum (lesser swine-cress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium ruderalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Liu Jian et al. (2006); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa chinensis (Chinese sprangletop)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); He YunHe and Qiang Sheng (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLespedeza cuneata (sericea lespedeza)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2019); ILDIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); ILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus racemosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigularia sibiricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum henryiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum japonicum (Japanese privet)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2020); Shen et al. (2017); Wang and Liu (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)PresentCABI (Undated); Huang et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum obtusifolium (border privet)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum robustum subsp. walkeri (Sri Lankan privet)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet)PresentUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLilium martagonPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnophila chinensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentUSDA-ARS (2015); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentXie et al. (2008); He YunHe and Qiang Sheng (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLiriope spicata (creeping liriope)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLithospermum officinalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLivistona chinensis (Chinese fan palm)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLobelia chinensis (Chinese lobelia)PresentHe YunHe and Qiang Sheng (2014); Li et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Xue et al. (2016); Xue et al. (2017); Li et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedeMonocot (2013); Seebens et al. (2017); Hu et al. (2018); Hu et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium persicumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera confusaPresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016); Oviedo Prieto et al. (2012); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentNativeHuxley (1999); Zhang et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera maackii (Amur honeysuckle)PresentNativeGBIF (2013); Zhang et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera morrowii (Morrow’s honeysuckle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera pileataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera ruprechtianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera standishii (Standish's honeysuckle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012); Holm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentRaven (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa acutangula (angled luffa)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah)PresentZipcode Zoo (2007); Liu Ning et al. (2013); Li et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus angustifolius (narrow-leaf lupin)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacaranga tanarius (parasol leaf tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacleaya cordataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); You et al. (2016); Zhou et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva neglecta (common mallow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentCABI (Undated); Li et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestrisPresentZhou et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva verticillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Peng HaoRan et al. (2015); Liu et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus penduliflorus (Turk's cap mallow)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentCABI (Undated); Qi et al. (2012); Mo et al. (2013); Qi YanXiang et al. (2013); Liu et al. (2017); Qin et al. (2017); Zhang et al. (2017); Liu et al. (2018); Zhang et al. (2018); Liu XiaoFei et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaranta arundinacea (arrowroot)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMartynia annua (tiger's claw)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWeber et al. (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatricaria perforata (false chamomile)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMazus japonicusPresentHe YunHe and Qiang Sheng (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002); Li et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentInvasiveChen et al. (2013); Seebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentPeng GuiXiang et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentIntroducedeFloras (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentIntroducedISSG (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentNativeStaples (2010); Ooststroom and Hoogland (1953)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop)PresentNativeISSG (2012); Ho et al. (1992); Huang et al. (2017); Huang et al. (2017); Ding et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania cordataPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)PresentCABI (Undated); Zhu et al. (2019); Tang et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); PIER (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1977); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveZhou XiaoKui et al. (2008); PIER (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica balsamina (common balsam apple)PresentNativeGBIF (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentNativeScholz (1988); Holm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997); USDA-ARS (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); Zhu et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria hastata (hastate-leaved pondweed)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria korsakowiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria vaginalis (pickerel weed)Present, WidespreadWang (1990); Li (1987); He et al. (1991); Li et al. (2005); Song et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee (2017); Fu et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017); Cai et al. (2016); He et al. (2017); Kang et al. (2017); Liu et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)Present, PlantedMeng et al. (2013); Wang JiRui et al. (2014); Xie et al. (2014); Chen et al. (2017); Chen et al. (2017); Chen et al. (2018); Zhang et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMosla dianthera (miniature beefsteakplant)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); He YunHe and Qiang Sheng (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentNativeYe et al. (2013); ILDIS (2014); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry)PresentIntroducedHerbarium (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia keisakPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurraya paniculata (orange jessamine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020); Deng et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMussaenda erythrophylla (red flag bush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveJiang Hua et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMussaenda philippica (Queen of Philippines)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosoton aquaticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); He YunHe and Qiang Sheng (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum heterophyllum (broadleaf watermilfoil)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina)PresentCABI (Undated); Li et al. (2018); Wang et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedJiang Hua et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNerium oleander (oleander)PresentNativePIER (2018); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeslia paniculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeyraudia reynaudiana (burma reed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Wang (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedeFloras (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)Present, WidespreadIntroducedZhang et al. (1986); Mo et al. (2002); Xia and Mo (2007); Liu et al. (2008); Cai et al. (2011); Ding et al. (2011); Rao et al. (2011); Wang et al. (2011); Yin et al. (2011); Wu et al. (2012); Yang MingWen et al. (2012); Shi and Zheng (2013); Du et al. (2014); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2014); Wang et al. (2014); Bian et al. (2015); Wang et al. (2015); Bian ChuanHong et al. (2016); Wang et al. (2016); Wang et al. (2016); Yang et al. (2016); Yuan et al. (2016); Chen et al. (2017); Wang et al. (2017); Wang et al. (2017); Wang et al. (2018); Xu et al. (2018); Zeng JianMin et al. (2018); Xia et al. (2019); Lin et al. (2020); Zhao et al. (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNopalea cochenillifera (cochineal cactus)PresentIntroducedZhao LiFeng and Qin ShaoWei (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea lotus (white Egyptian lotus)Present, LocalizedNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea tetragonaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Zeng HuiCai et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentNativeFlora of China (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum (African basil)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera biennis (common evening primrose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera drummondiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera glazioviana (redsepal evening-primrose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Shen RuiQing et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera parvifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera roseaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera strictaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera tetrapteraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera villosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia corymbosa (flat-top mille graines)PresentGovaerts (2018); Xie et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia lancifolia (calycose mille graines)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOphiopogon japonicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)PresentNativeScholz (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWeber et al. (2008); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape)PresentChai et al. (2018); Zhang XueKun et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016); Xia et al. (2018); Zhang et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cumana (sunflower broomrape)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016); Ding et al. (2012); Xu et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)PresentParker (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)PresentCABI (Undated); Ge Song et al. (1999); Gao LiZhi et al. (2002); Song ZhiPing et al. (2003); Yamanaka et al. (2003); Gao LiZhi (2004); Zhu et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1977); Holm et al. (1991); Xie et al. (2008); He YunHe and Qiang Sheng (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis debilis (pink woodsorrel)PresentChen et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPachira aquatica (pachira nut)PresentIntroducedTang et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAneja et al. (1991); Seebens et al. (2017); PIER (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAxmacher and Sang WeiGuo (2013); Chen et al. (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveXu HaiGen et al. (2012); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedGong and Li (1991); Waterhouse (1993); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum notatum (Bahia grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Zhang (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum thunbergiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2018); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)Present, LocalizedUSDA-ARS (2016); Zhang et al. (2014); Wang (2015); Hao et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum virgatum (sword grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014); Chen LiJuan et al. (2020); Zhang ShaoKang et al. (2020); Zhang et al. (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora ligularis (sweet granadilla)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedMansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tripartita var. mollissima (banana passionfruit)PresentYu Dong et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)Present, WidespreadIntroducedZehui and Watson (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2007); USA, USDA-ARS (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass)PresentIntroducedDong ZhongSheng et al. (2005); PIER (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum flaccidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)PresentHu et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008); Hafliger and Scholz (1981); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPentas lanceolata (Egyptian starcluster)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPereskia aculeata (Lemon-vine)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria maculosa (redshank)Present, LocalizedNativeFreedman (1998); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria perfoliata (mile-a-minute weed)PresentCABI (Undated); He YunHe and Qiang Sheng (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)PresentGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhedimus aizoon (gold sedum)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Yang et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentIntroducedKew (2015); USDA-ARS (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhlomoides tuberosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm)PresentIntroducedZhang ShaoSheng and Lao QiLiao (2005); Li YueZhong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhotinia beauverdianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhotinia serratifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Liang et al. (2012); Yang et al. (2018); Zhang ShiMeng et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)Present, WidespreadNativeWang (1990); Holm et al. (1991); Ji et al. (2009); Li et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2018); Xu et al. (2004); Xie et al. (2008); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aureosulcata (yellow groove bamboo)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys flexuosa (drooping timber bamboo)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys nigraPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys reticulata (giant timber bamboo)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Wu and Raven (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis pubescensPresentFu et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilea microphyllaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentIntroducedParthasarathy et al. (2008); FAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)Present, PlantedIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper sarmentosumPresentZeng HuiCai et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2003); Holm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentIntroducedCooper (1956)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago aristataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago virginicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)PresentHanelt et al. (2001); CANBR (2014); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2014); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea indica (Indian camphorweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeISSG (2015); Yang et al. (2016); Liu et al. (2017); Zhu Mo et al. (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPogostemon cablin (patchouli)PresentWu et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); Wang (1990); He YunHe and Qiang Sheng (2014); Liu et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum barbatum (knot grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)Present, WidespreadWang (1990); Holm et al. (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum nepalense (Nepal persicaria)PresentGuo (1993); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon fugaxPresentHe YunHe and Qiang Sheng (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee (2012); Guertin (2003); PIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)Present, LocalizedNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2015); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015); GBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla longifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla multifidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla reptans (sulfur cinquefoil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Xu et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus campanulata (Taiwan cherry)PresentNativeGISD (2011); Kanazawa et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPseudelephantopus spicatus (false elephant’s foot)PresentIntroducedInvasiveYan XiaoLing et al. (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)Present, Localized, PlantedIntroducedPopenoe (1920)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002); FAO (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterocarpus indicus (red sandalwood)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterocarpus macrocarpus (Burma padauk)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedZhu et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma macarthurii (Macarthur palm)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPyracantha coccinea (scarlet firethorn)PresentIntroducedZipcodeZoo (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus cymbalariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus muricatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus sativus (radish)PresentFei et al. (2020); Rao et al. (2011); Cai et al. (2014); Yu et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReineckea carneaPresentSun et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReutealis trisperma (Philippine tung)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReynoutria multifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhodomyrtus tomentosa (Downy rose-myrtle)PresentCABI (Undated); Pratt et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhus typhina (staghorn sumac)PresentCABI (Undated); Zhu HaiYan et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentCABI (Undated); Liu et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002); Wang JiRui et al. (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); Xue et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (multiflora rose)PresentNativeeFloras (2013); Wang JiRui et al. (2014); He et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa wichuraiana (memorial rose)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); USA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoystonea oleracea (Caribbean royal palm)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus alceifolius (giant bramble)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus cockburnianusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)PresentNativeHEAR (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus tricolorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Liu et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentCABI (Undated); Xie et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria gramineaPresentZhang YanWen et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria sagittifoliaPresentWang et al. (2019); Hu et al. (2009); Wang ZhaoDe et al. (2010); Zhang et al. (2010); Wang ZhaoHui et al. (2012); Liang KaiMing et al. (2014); Lang Hong et al. (2015); Zhong et al. (2015); Liu JiaKai et al. (2018); Yuan et al. (2019); Zhang Chi et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola collina (slender Russian thistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola paulsenii (barbwire Russian thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola soda (oppositeleaf Russian thistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia coccinea (scarlet sage)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanguisorba officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)PresentCABI (Undated); Li et al. (2013); Huang SiLiang et al. (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanvitalia procumbensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka)PresentCABI (Undated); Li Min et al. (2020); Wang et al. (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree)PresentHuang (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSechium edule (chayote)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum kamtschaticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresentNativeHolm et al. (1991); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016); Seebens et al. (2017); Yao et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna didymobotrya (African senna)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna hirsuta (hairy senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2005); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentNativeILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania cannabina (corkwood tree)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); ILDIS (2014); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania herbaceaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)Present, PlantedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria faberi (giant foxtail)PresentWang RongLin et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentNativeInvasiveWeber et al. (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979); Shouliang and Phillips (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); He YunHe and Qiang Sheng (2014); Song et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene vulgaris (bladder campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilphium perfoliatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Gao et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle)PresentLi GenYou et al. (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade)PresentIntroducedInvasiveZhao JiaLi et al. (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium (sticky nightshade)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWeber et al. (2008); CABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1991); Ge and Ma (2007); Lu YuanYuan et al. (2009); Fan Ling et al. (2010); Fu et al. (2010); Dong CunZhu et al. (2011); Li JinSheng et al. (2014); Yang Xu et al. (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014); Zhang et al. (1986); Li JinHua et al. (2007); Tian et al. (2007); Rao et al. (2011); Randall (2012); Shen RuiQing et al. (2012); Yang and Wu (2012); Yang et al. (2012); Zhang et al. (2012); She et al. (2013); Yang and Wu (2013); Yang and Wu (2013); Zheng and Wu (2013); Guo et al. (2014); Huang et al. (2015); Gao et al. (2016); Gong et al. (2017); Ou et al. (2017); Yang et al. (2017); Zhou Bo et al. (2017); Zhu et al. (2017); Wu et al. (2018); Yang et al. (2018); Zhao et al. (2018); Cheng et al. (2019); Mao YanZhi et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)Present, LocalizedIntroducedUSA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveYin LiPing et al. (2003); Jin LiAng et al. (2004); Seebens et al. (2017); Wang Qi et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva anthemifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisPresentIntroducedGBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveXu HaiGen et al. (2012); Pei et al. (2012); He YunHe and Qiang Sheng (2014); Shi et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)Present, WidespreadGrieson (1980); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina alterniflora (smooth cordgrass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveDing JianQing et al. (2008); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina anglica (common cordgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKriwoken and Hedge (2000); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017); ILDIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia marinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphaerophysa salsula (swainsonpea)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphenoclea zeylanica (wedgewort)PresentHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpiraea chamaedryfolia (germander meadowsweet)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Liu (2004); Wu et al. (2009); IBCAS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus tenuissimus (tropical dropseed)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2014); Govaerts (2014); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)PresentIntroducedMunir (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1991); Ye HongYing et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1977); Wang (1990); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria pallida (common chickweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentCABI (Undated); Liu et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia foetida (Java olive)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStictocardia tiliifolia (spottedheart)PresentNativePIER (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga densiflora (witchweed)PresentMBG (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSuaeda corniculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine)PresentIntroducedWu (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentLi and Yang (1991); USA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia rosea (pink poui)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabernaemontana divaricataPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentIntroducedInvasiveXu HaiGen et al. (2012); Li et al. (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); Luo et al. (2018); Xu ManLin et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDong ZhenGuo et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarindus indica (tamarind)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2018); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix chinensis (five-stamen tamarisk)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix ramosissima (saltcedar)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak)Present, PlantedCABI Data Mining (undated); Ai et al. (2015); Huang et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015); PIER (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalia dealbataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum aquilegiifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum delavayiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum simplexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda quadrivalvis (grader grass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1991); USDA-ARS (2019); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Mexican sunflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia rotundifolia (red sunflower)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveOu Jian et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)PresentNativeLi Pei et al. (2015); Hua and Edmonds (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona sinensis (Chinese Toona)Present, PlantedCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToxicodendron succedaneum (wax tree)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachelospermum jasminoides (star-jasmine)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachomitum venetumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Gao et al. (2014); Gao et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGovaerts (2012); eFloras (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTragus racemosus (stalker bur grass)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Missouri Botanical Garden (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated); GBIF (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriadica sebifera (Chinese tallow tree)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); USDA-ARS (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)Present, WidespreadWang (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)Present, LocalizedWang (1990); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium lupinasterPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentNativeTang et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTropaeolum majus (common nasturtium)PresentWei and Li (2017); Yu et al. (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentNativeChambers et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)Present, Localized, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2007); Liu Jian et al. (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Xie et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica cannabinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeISSG (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena brasiliensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell)PresentHe YunHe and Qiang Sheng (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica beccabunga (European speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica biloba (twolobe speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia sepiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2015); Yan et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex rotundifolia (beach vitex)PresentNativeMunir (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex trifoliaPresent, LocalizedNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)PresentCABI (Undated); Fu et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Missouri Botanical Garden (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Li ChangTian (2012); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthoceras sorbifoliumPresentLiu et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXyris complanata (yellow-eyed grass)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYoungia japonica (oriental false hawksbeard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedSouth China Botanical Garden Checklist (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZelkova serrata (Japanese selkova)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber montanum (cassumunar ginger)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedSeidemann (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2016); Li et al. (2014); Li et al. (2014); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2016); Xiao et al. (2018); Zhang QiMeng et al. (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber zerumbet (shampoo ginger)PresentNativeGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZinnia peruviana (Peruvian zinnia)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)Present, PlantedNativeCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass)PresentNativePIER (2016); Xie et al. (2008)
EukaryotaProtistaParamyxeaMarteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutumPresent, Few occurrencesLiu and Liang (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium tamarensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bigeminaPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia caballiPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia exitiosaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia ostreaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium catenatumPresent, WidespreadQi et al. (1996)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus olseniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria annulataPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria hirciPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiPresentLuckins (1988)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusPresentOIE (2020); Li XiangDong and Tian KeGong (2018); OIE (2020)
VirusArterivirusPresentCABI (Undated)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentHu (1982)
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)Present, LocalizedInvasiveCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
VirusBanana streak diseasePresentNativeInvasiveDiekmann and Putter (1996); Rao XueQin et al. (2005)
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2014)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Present, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusclassical swine fever virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018); CABI (Undated)
VirusCotton leaf curl disease complex (leaf curl disease of cotton)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMao MingJie et al. (2008); Cai et al. (2010)
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusPresentYu (1946); CABI and EPPO (2010); CABI (Undated)
VirusCowpea mild mottle virus (angular mosaic of beans)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Wei et al. (2020)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusPresentBente et al. (2013)
VirusCucumber green mottle mosaic virusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Liu Yan et al. (2009); Zhang et al. (2009); Li JinYu et al. (2013); CABI and EPPO (2015); Liang ChaoQiong et al. (2015); Zhong et al. (2015); Li JunXiang et al. (2016); Rao LiXia et al. (2017); Liang ChaoQiong et al. (2019); Liu et al. (2019); Xie HuiTing et al. (2020)
VirusCucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus (Cucurbit aphid-borne yellows)PresentXiang et al. (2008); Shang QiaoXia et al. (2009); Tang et al. (2017); Zhang ShaoKang et al. (2020)
VirusCucurbit yellow stunting disorder virusPresentLiu et al. (2010); EPPO (2022)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusepizootic haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequine influenzavirusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018)
Virusextra small virusPresentQian et al. (2003)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020); CABI (Undated)
Virusfowlpox virusPresentCABI (Undated)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2PresentCABI (Undated)
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus)PresentCABI (Undated); Ribeiro et al. (2004); Fan et al. (2013); Alabi et al. (2014); Ahmed et al. (2018)
VirusHaliotid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious myonecrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious pancreatic necrosis virusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
Virusinfectious salmon anemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfluenza A virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020); CABI (Undated)
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusMacrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirusAbsentOIE (2019); Qian et al. (2003); OIE (2019)
VirusMaize chlorotic mottle virusPresent, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2014); Xie Li et al. (2011); Wang et al. (2014)
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); CABI (Undated)
VirusMaize lethal necrosis diseasePresent, LocalizedCABI (Undated)
Virusmyxoma virusPresentCABI (Undated)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusNewcastle disease virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018); CABI (Undated)
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentXiao HuoGen et al. (1997); CABI and EPPO (2003); Liao et al. (2005); Zhu et al. (2016); Cheng et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
VirusPepino mosaic virusPresent, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2015); Zhang YaoLiang et al. (2003); EPPO (2022)
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentCABI and EPPO (2009); Li et al. (2016); Wen et al. (2019); Zhou WenPeng et al. (2020)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusPlantago asiatica mosaic virusPresentCABI (Undated); Xu et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedNavratil et al. (2005); CABI and EPPO (2007); Marais et al. (2008); EPPO (2022)
VirusPoplar mosaic virusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
Virusporcine epidemic diarrhea virusPresent, WidespreadSong DePing et al. (2015)
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Present, LocalizedSingh et al. (1993); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusrabies virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusred sea bream iridovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusStrawberry vein banding virus (vein banding of strawberry)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2002); Chen et al. (2014); Chen et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (sugarcane mosaic)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Tang et al. (2016); Yan et al. (2016)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Present, LocalizedOIE (2018); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018)
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentNativeInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2003); Deng et al. (2014); Qin et al. (2016); Sun et al. (2019); Yan KR et al. (2020); Zhao FuMei et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
VirusTaura syndrome virusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusTomato brown rugose fruit virus (Tomato brown rugose fruit virus)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
VirusTomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (tomato spotted wilt)PresentUK, CAB International (1978); Tu et al. (2006); Li et al. (2015); Sun et al. (2016); Xiao et al. (2016); Hu et al. (2018); Liang Yan et al. (2020); Yu et al. (2021); EPPO (2022)
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)Present, LocalizedWu et al. (2006); Dai et al. (2011); Ji et al. (2013); Zhou et al. (2016); Tang et al. (2020); Zhu Feng et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusTuberose mild mottle virus (tuberose mild mottle virus)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLin et al. (2004)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusvisna/maedi virusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1982); Xie et al. (1982)
VirusWhite spot syndrome virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
abalone viral ganglioneuritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Actinobaculum suis infectionsPresentCABI (Undated)
acute hepatopancreatic necrosis diseasePresentYang YiTing et al. (2014); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Aeromonas infection in fishPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
African swine feverPresentOIE (2020); Li XiangDong and Tian KeGong (2018); OIE (2020)
American foul broodPresentNäumann et al. (2012)
anaplasmosisPresentLu WenXiang et al. (1995); Lu WenShun et al. (1997); Shen YinSheng (1998)
anguillicolosisPresentCABI (Undated)
anthraxPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); Xudong et al. (1996); Liang XuDong and Xiao DongLou (1997); Liang (1998); OIE (2018)
Aujeszky's diseasePresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian adenoviruses infectionsPresentCABI (Undated)
avian chlamydiosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian encephalomyelitisPresentHao HuaFang et al. (2014)
avian infectious bronchitisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian influenzaPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
avian leukosis sarcoma virus infectionsPresent, WidespreadChen and Vogt (1977)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)Present, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)PresentShi (1988)
avian nephritisPresentZhao et al. (2011)
avian trichomoniasisPresentZhang et al. (1982)
avipoxPresentHu (1982)
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bonamiosis (Bonamia exitiosa)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bonamiosis (Bonamia ostreae)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentCABI (Undated)
botulismPresent, LocalizedLi (1990)
bovine babesiosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine coronavirus infectionPresentLu et al. (1991)
bovine ephemeral feverPresentCABI (Undated)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine immunodeficiency virus infectionPresentLiu ShuHong et al. (1997)
bovine papillomatosisPresentLi XiaoMing and Chen HuaiTao (1996)
bovine parainfluenza 3 infectionPresent, WidespreadZhu YuanMao et al. (2011); Wen YongJun et al. (2012); Wang HaiYong et al. (2014)
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infectionPresentLiu and Jiang (1986)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine tuberculosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BP virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Present, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Present, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)PresentFeng PeiZhong et al. (1997)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Present, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsPresentDance (1991)
caprine arthritis encephalitisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
caseous lymphadenitisPresentCABI (Undated)
cercarial dermatitisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
chicken anaemiaPresentXiao Xin Li et al. (1994); Zhou WenPing et al. (1997)
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentCyranoski (2003); Normile (2003)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationPresentCABI (Undated)
Chuzan virus infectionPresentZhang YiShuang et al. (2017)
ChytridiomycosisPresentBai ChangMing et al. (2012); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
classical swine feverPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemiaPresent, WidespreadCABI (Undated)
Clostridium septicum bacteraemiaPresentLi WenJing et al. (1997); Zhang FengXiang et al. (1997)
coccidiosisPresentCABI (Undated)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2009); OIE (2018)
contagious ecthymaPresentWang TingPu et al. (1998)
crayfish plagueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverPresentBente et al. (2013)
cryptobiosisPresentChen (1956)
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultryPresentLiang JunWen and Huang KeHe (2001)
cyprinid herpesvirus 1 infectionPresentFijan (1999)
Derzsy's diseasePresentCABI (Undated)
Dichelobacter nodosus infectionPresentWang KeJian et al. (1999)
Digenean infections of fishPresentZeng BoPing and Liao XiangHua (2000); Wang et al. (2001)
dourineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
duck viral enteritisPresentSandhu and Leibovitz (1997)
duck virus hepatitisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); Guo and Pan (1984); OIE (2018)
EchinococcusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
Echinococcus granulosusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018)
Echinococcus multilocularisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018)
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection)PresentCABI (Undated)
enteric septicaemia of catfishPresentTan et al. (2003)
enzootic abortion of ewesPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentOIE (1999)
eperythrozoonosis in pigsPresentMa HaiLi et al. (2003); Wu JianSan et al. (2006)
epitheliocystisPresentWeng YeouJuh and Chen ShihPing (2000)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic ulcerative syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine infectious anaemiaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
equine influenzaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine viral arteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Escherichia coli infectionsPresentCui (1982)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020); CABI (Undated)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsPresentOIE (2020); Kitching (1998); OIE (2020)
fowl choleraPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
fowl typhoidPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
fowlpoxPresentHu (1982); Xu et al. (1993); Zhang DeLing et al. (1996)
giardiasisPresentCABI (Undated)
glandersPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Glässer's diseasePresent, WidespreadCai XuWang et al. (2005); Li JunXing et al. (2009); Chu YueFeng et al. (2011); Zhang Bin et al. (2012)
grass carp haemorrhagic diseasePresentSection of Virus Study (1978); Chen and Jiang (1984)
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
hepatitis E virus infectionPresent, WidespreadGeng et al. (2011); Zhu YuMin et al. (2011); Liu Peng et al. (2012)
ichthyophthiriosisPresentHines and Spira (1974)
infection with Marteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infection with Perkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infection with Perkinsus olseniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); Zhou GuangQi et al. (2014); OIE (2019)
Infection with Pseudogymnoascus destructans in bats (white-nose syndrome)PresentCABI (Undated)
Infection with salmonid alphavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Infection with Senecavirus APresentWu QiWen et al. (2016)
infectious bursal diseasePresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018); CABI (Undated)
infectious coryzaPresentChen et al. (1993)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
infectious laryngotracheitisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); Fan GenChen et al. (1997); OIE (2018)
infectious myonecrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious pancreatic necrosisPresentJiang et al. (1989)
infectious salmon anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Japanese encephalitisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); Wang et al. (1966); OIE (2018); CABI (Undated)
koi herpesvirus diseasePresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); Haenen et al. (2004); Sunarto et al. (2004); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
leishmaniosisPresent, LocalizedAlam et al. (2014); OIE (2009)
leucocytozoonosisPresentLi GuoQing et al. (1998)
lumpy skin diseasePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
lyme borreliosisPresentCABI (Undated)
Mammalian orthoreovirus infectionsPresentChang JiTao et al. (2008); Zeng ZhiYong et al. (2008)
Marek's diseasePresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsPresentWang et al. (1988)
Mycoplasma bovis infectionsPresentKong LingCong et al. (2016)
Mycoplasma hyorhinis infectionsPresent, WidespreadWeng (1989)
Mycoplasma iowae infectionsPresentXie ZhiXun et al. (2000)
myxomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Myxozoan infections of fishPresentCABI (Undated)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
necrotizing hepatopancreatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Newcastle diseasePresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
paratuberculosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); Xie et al. (1982); OIE (2018)
Pasteurella multocida infectionsPresentZhang et al. (2004)
peste des petits ruminantsPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
porcine epidemic diarrhoeaPresent, WidespreadSong DePing et al. (2015)
Porcine hemagglutinating encephalomyelitisPresentLi Zi et al. (2016)
porcine parvovirus infectionPresentLu HongFeng et al. (1995); You YongJin et al. (1995)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
proliferative enteropathyPresentWu ZongXue et al. (2014)
proventriculus diseasePresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
pullorum diseasePresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
pulmonary adenomatosisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
Q feverPresent, WidespreadFan et al. (1987); Ning et al. (1992)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseasePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
rabiesPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); He Xianhi et al. (1993); Qian AiDong et al. (1998); OIE (2018)
Ranavirus infection in amphibiansAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
reticuloendotheliosisPresentDu YuanZhao et al. (1999)
Riemerella anatipestifer infectionPresent, WidespreadCheng AnChun et al. (2003)
rinderpestAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultryPresentCABI (Undated)
Sapelovirus A infectionsPresentLan DaoLiang et al. (2011)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
sheep and goat poxPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
spherical baculovirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
spring viraemia of carpAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
Staphylococcus aureus infectionsPresentCABI (Undated)
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in pigs (and ruminants)PresentHuang and Huang (1995)
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in poultryPresentGuo et al. (1987); Guo et al. (1989)
surraPresentLuckins (1988); OIE (2009)
swine dysenteryPresentCABI (Undated)
swine erysipelasPresentCABI (Undated)
swine influenzaPresent, LocalizedSHORTRIDGE and WEBSTER (1979); Guo et al. (1985); Guo Yuanji et al. (1992); Shu et al. (1994); Guan et al. (1996)
Taura syndromeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
Theileria annulata infectionsPresentFAO (1997)
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresentCABI (Undated)
torovirus infectionsPresentZhou YuanCheng et al. (2013); Zhou Lu et al. (2014)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018); CABI (Undated)
TrichinellaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesPresentAnderson and Roberts (2013); Schotman (1989)
trypanosomosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
tuberculosisPresentCABI (Undated)
tularaemiaPresentWang YanHua et al. (2014)
turkey rhinotracheitisPresentWei Ping (1995)
varroosis of honey beesPresentZhou Ting et al. (2004); Tzien-He (1965)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Hubálek et al. (1999)
white spot diseasePresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
white tail diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); Qian et al. (2003); OIE (2019)
Xenohaliotis californiensis infectionPresent, Few occurrencesIntroducedWetchateng et al. (2010); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
yellow head diseaseAbsentOIE (2019)
yersiniosisPresentCABI (Undated)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
Almonds, with shellArea harvested12,811 Im12,513 Im12,797 Im13,159 Im13,493 Im
Production quantity45,000 *43,000 *43,000 *43,212 Im43,080 Im
Yield35,126 Fc34,364 Fc33,602 Fc32,838 Fc31,928 Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corianderArea harvested43,101 Im42,375 Im41,629 Im40,862 Im40,304 Im
Production quantity59,414 Im57,616 Im55,817 Im54,019 Im52,500 Im
Yield13,785 Fc13,597 Fc13,408 Fc13,220 Fc13,026 Fc
ApplesArea harvested2,041,002 Im1,938,5701,946,9502,122,720 Im2,328,300
Production quantity42,425,40039,233,40041,390,00040,393,00038,899,000
Yield207,866 Fc202,383 Fc212,589 Fc190,289 Fc167,070 Fc
ApricotsArea harvested20,989 Im20,251 Im19,524 Im18,807 Im17,953 Im
Production quantity60,728 Im59,030 Im57,332 Im55,634 Im54,158 Im
Yield28,933 Fc29,149 Fc29,365 Fc29,582 Fc30,167 Fc
ArtichokesArea harvested12,299 Im12,177 Im12,051 Im11,920 Im11,705 Im
Production quantity92,907 Im90,416 Im87,924 Im85,433 Im83,049 Im
Yield75,540 Fc74,251 Fc72,960 Fc71,672 Fc70,952 Fc
AsparagusArea harvested1,470,639 Im1,452,993 Im1,435,072 Im1,416,871 Im1,390,592 Im
Production quantity8,303,392 Im8,140,887 Im7,978,383 Im7,815,879 Im7,665,155 Im
Yield56,461 Fc56,028 Fc55,596 Fc55,163 Fc55,122 Fc
AvocadosArea harvested22,561 Im21,583 Im20,652 Im19,816 Im18,783 Im
Production quantity129,311 Im126,919 Im124,528 Im123,214 Im119,911 Im
Yield57,316 Fc58,805 Fc60,298 Fc62,179 Fc63,840 Fc
BananasArea harvested344,010 Im331,900351,030367,891 Im409,100
Production quantity11,655,70011,221,70011,169,80010,940,00010,627,000
Yield338,819 Fc338,105 Fc318,201 Fc297,371 Fc259,765 Fc
BarleyArea harvested260,000 *262,480329,990352,927 Im446,600
Production quantity900,000 *956,5001,085,2001,324,598 F1,868,000
Yield34,615 Fc36,441 Fc32,886 Fc37,532 Fc41,827 Fc
Bastfibres, otherArea harvested3,922 Im3,507 Im3,500 F3,666 F4,032 F
Production quantity24,259 Im20,751 Im20,000 F22,270 F22,260 F
Yield61,854 Fc59,170 Fc57,143 Fc60,747 Fc55,208 Fc
Beans, dryArea harvested745,936 Im746,512 Im753,485 F727,141 F667,000 *
Production quantity1,297,867 Im1,324,407 F1,322,214 F1,193,702 F1,100,000 *
Yield17,399 Fc17,741 Fc17,548 Fc16,416 Fc16,492 Fc
Beans, greenArea harvested741,042 Im725,577 Im709,665 Im693,287 Im675,710 Im
Production quantity21,748,004 Im20,995,211 Im20,242,415 Im19,489,615 Im19,035,048 Im
Yield293,479 Fc289,359 Fc285,239 Fc281,119 Fc281,704 Fc
Berries nesArea harvested5,982 Im5,803 Im5,622 Im5,440 Im5,285 Im
Production quantity65,197 Im63,284 Im61,372 Im59,460 Im58,035 Im
Yield108,989 Fc109,054 Fc109,164 Fc109,301 Fc109,811 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea harvested839,618 Im873,981 Im847,247 F817,325 F750,000 *
Production quantity1,740,945 Im1,806,010 F1,803,019 F1,627,776 F1,500,000 *
Yield20,735 Fc20,664 Fc21,281 Fc19,916 Fc20,000 Fc
BuckwheatArea harvested497,559 Im497,372 Im497,185 Im498,740 Im552,178 Im
Production quantity430,166 Im430,166 Im430,166 Im419,892 Im421,749 Im
Yield8,646 Fc8,649 Fc8,652 Fc8,419 Fc7,638 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested992,358 Im988,353 Im984,347 Im980,337 Im968,626 Im
Production quantity33,513,605 Im33,367,118 Im33,220,630 Im33,074,143 Im33,310,695 Im
Yield337,717 Fc337,603 Fc337,489 Fc337,375 Fc343,896 Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea harvested413,592 Im416,753 Im420,174 Im423,889 Im435,463 Im
Production quantity21,379,073 Im20,723,529 Im20,067,986 Im19,412,442 Im18,998,908 Im
Yield516,912 Fc497,262 Fc477,611 Fc457,961 Fc436,292 Fc
Cashew nuts, with shellArea harvested111 Im133 Im161 Im228 Im200
Production quantity149 Im172 Im197 Im164 Im189
Yield13,423 Fc12,932 Fc12,236 Fc7,193 Fc9,450 Fc
CassavaArea harvested299,212 Im296,732 Im294,239 Im291,732 Im289,499 Im
Production quantity4,975,472 Im4,920,733 Im4,865,994 Im4,811,254 Im4,773,525 Im
Yield166,286 Fc165,831 Fc165,376 Fc164,920 Fc164,889 Fc
Castor oil seedArea harvested21,000 *16,000 *19,000 *22,000 *26,000 *
Production quantity36,000 *27,000 *32,000 *37,000 *40,000 *
Yield17,143 Fc16,875 Fc16,842 Fc16,818 Fc15,385 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea harvested543,947 Im530,441 Im517,039 Im503,741 Im495,859 Im
Production quantity10,638,068 Im10,414,448 Im10,190,828 Im9,967,208 Im9,750,648 Im
Yield195,572 Fc196,336 Fc197,100 Fc197,864 Fc196,642 Fc
Cereals nesArea harvested18,033 Im17,716 Im17,399 Im16,985 Im18,109 Im
Production quantity44,399 Im43,524 Im42,648 Im41,447 Im44,511 Im
Yield24,621 Fc24,568 Fc24,512 Fc24,402 Fc24,579 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested97,603,475 A99,246,960 A100,331,997 A101,960,815 A103,281,871 A
Production quantity612,719,900 A608,893,802 A614,037,296 A614,585,014 A618,165,315 A
Yield62,776 Fc61,351 Fc61,201 Fc60,277 Fc59,852 Fc
CherriesArea harvested10,099 Im9,733 Im9,367 Im9,001 Im8,719 Im
Production quantity42,367 Im40,809 Im39,251 Im37,692 Im36,509 Im
Yield41,952 Fc41,928 Fc41,903 Fc41,875 Fc41,873 Fc
ChestnutArea harvested330,370 Im326,007 Im322,091 Im322,699 Im289,237 Im
Production quantity1,849,137 Im1,822,155 Im1,797,735 Im1,798,589 Im1,633,071 Im
Yield55,972 Fc55,893 Fc55,815 Fc55,736 Fc56,461 Fc
Chick peasArea harvested2,982 Im2,910 Im2,824 F2,725 F2,500 *
Production quantity15,606 Im15,652 F15,626 F14,107 F13,000 *
Yield52,334 Fc53,787 Fc55,333 Fc51,769 Fc52,000 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea harvested48,273 Im47,553 Im46,830 Im46,102 Im45,754 Im
Production quantity326,040 Im320,366 Im314,693 Im309,019 Im305,809 Im
Yield67,541 Fc67,370 Fc67,199 Fc67,029 Fc66,838 Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea harvested796,380 Im784,984 Im773,367 Im761,521 Im750,208 Im
Production quantity18,978,027 Im18,528,040 Im18,078,053 Im17,628,066 Im17,182,909 Im
Yield238,304 Fc236,031 Fc233,758 Fc231,485 Fc229,042 Fc
Cinnamon (cannella)Area harvested41,843 Im41,686 Im41,521 Im41,348 Im41,671 Im
Production quantity82,837 Im80,632 Im78,427 Im76,222 Im74,502 Im
Yield19,797 Fc19,343 Fc18,889 Fc18,434 Fc17,879 Fc
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvested2,854,159 A2,796,940 A2,573,750 A2,600,390 A2,513,000 A
Production quantity43,539,916 A42,053,500 A38,329,543 A37,648,700 A36,600,837 A
Yield152,549 Fc150,355 Fc148,925 Fc144,781 Fc145,646 Fc
ClovesArea harvested1,036 Im1,022 Im1,006 Im991 Im1,064 Im
Production quantity1,403 Im1,357 Im1,311 Im1,265 Im1,344 Im
Yield13,542 Fc13,278 Fc13,032 Fc12,765 Fc12,632 Fc
CoconutsArea harvested37,539 Im37,000 *35,000 *31,000 *32,000 *
Production quantity401,252 Im403,000 *327,000 *371,250 *378,750 *
Yield106,889 Fc108,919 Fc93,429 Fc119,758 Fc118,359 Fc
Coffee, greenArea harvested39,607 Im39,279 Im40,674 Im42,019 Im41,850 Im
Production quantity120,000 *115,500 *116,017 Im116,182 Im115,140 Im
Yield30,298 Fc29,405 Fc28,524 Fc27,650 Fc27,513 Fc
Cow peas, dryArea harvested14,503 Im15,108 Im13,556 F13,082 F12,000 *
Production quantity14,696 Im15,652 F15,626 F10,107 F13,000 *
Yield10,133 Fc10,360 Fc11,527 Fc7,726 Fc10,833 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea harvested1,256,376 Im1,237,864 Im1,218,394 Im1,197,890 Im1,191,632 Im
Production quantity70,288,130 Im67,548,772 Im64,809,414 Im62,070,056 Im60,407,455 Im
Yield559,451 Fc545,688 Fc531,925 Fc518,162 Fc506,930 Fc
DatesArea harvested15,293 Im14,660 Im14,058 Im13,486 Im12,899 Im
Production quantity172,587 Im169,789 Im166,990 Im164,191 Im163,622 Im
Yield112,854 Fc115,818 Fc118,786 Fc121,749 Fc126,849 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area harvested781,695 Im779,584 Im777,347 Im774,969 Im788,413 Im
Production quantity35,555,562 Im34,448,091 Im33,340,621 Im32,233,151 Im31,536,560 Im
Yield454,852 Fc441,878 Fc428,903 Fc415,928 Fc400,001 Fc
Fibre crops nesArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Fibre Crops PrimaryArea harvested4,869,185 A3,404,268 A4,893,088 A3,440,642 A3,850,369 A
Production quantity158,031 A143,887 A141,880 A179,655 A220,492 A
Yield325 Fc423 Fc290 Fc522 Fc573 Fc
FigsArea harvested2,937 Im2,856 Im2,773 Im2,687 Im2,583 Im
Production quantity17,225 Im16,469 Im15,713 Im14,957 Im14,389 Im
Yield58,648 Fc57,665 Fc56,664 Fc55,664 Fc55,707 Fc
Flax fibre and towArea harvested4,440 Im3,6502,1903,000 F2,930
Production quantity17,550 Im13,00010,80015,000 F12,470
Yield39,527 Fc35,616 Fc49,315 Fc50,000 Fc42,560 Fc
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested15,339,655 A15,050,240 A14,669,763 A14,982,327 A15,220,571 A
Production quantity246,621,295 A239,128,544 A236,778,249 A232,327,419 A229,118,312 A
Yield160,774 Fc158,887 Fc161,406 Fc155,068 Fc150,532 Fc
Fruit, citrus nesArea harvested177,425 Im182,248 Im166,955 Im175,241 Im178,900 *
Production quantity5,800,918 Im5,793,396 F5,343,492 F5,270,818 F5,124,117 F
Yield326,950 Fc317,885 Fc320,056 Fc300,775 Fc286,424 Fc
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvested802,058 Im791,073 Im779,827 Im768,311 Im757,494 Im
Production quantity2,893,765 Im2,821,038 Im2,748,312 Im2,675,585 Im2,610,538 Im
Yield36,079 Fc35,661 Fc35,243 Fc34,824 Fc34,463 Fc
Fruit, stone nesArea harvested20,736 Im20,155 Im19,576 Im19,000 Im18,264 Im
Production quantity176,264 Im171,668 Im167,072 Im162,476 Im158,193 Im
Yield85,004 Fc85,174 Fc85,345 Fc85,514 Fc86,615 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea harvested1,172,193 Im1,144,828 Im1,117,100 Im1,179,863 Im1,112,273 Im
Production quantity4,236,412 Im4,110,431 Im3,984,449 Im4,179,058 Im3,913,913 Im
Yield36,141 Fc35,904 Fc35,668 Fc35,420 Fc35,188 Fc
GarlicArea harvested829,111 Im824,308 Im819,315 Im814,123 Im837,285 Im
Production quantity23,258,424 Im22,685,593 Im22,112,763 Im21,539,933 Im21,703,238 Im
Yield280,522 Fc275,208 Fc269,893 Fc264,578 Fc259,210 Fc
GingerArea harvested55,059 Im53,415 Im51,435 Im52,000 F46,642 Im
Production quantity581,137 Im569,520 Im546,306 Im550,000 F495,923 Im
Yield105,548 Fc106,622 Fc106,213 Fc105,769 Fc106,325 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area harvested88,657 Im90,672 Im85,719 Im104,490 Im100,500 *
Production quantity4,930,000 *4,900,000 *4,580,136 F4,517,844 F4,367,908
Yield556,076 Fc540,409 Fc534,320 Fc432,371 Fc434,618 Fc
GrapesArea harvested743,192 Im725,100706,550723,062 Im799,200
Production quantity14,283,532 Im13,666,80013,082,90012,629,40013,164,100
Yield192,192 Fc188,482 Fc185,166 Fc174,666 Fc164,716 Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea harvested4,500,000 *4,619,6604,607,6604,448,0004,386,000
Production quantity17,519,60017,332,00017,091,90016,361,00015,961,000
Yield38,932 Fc37,518 Fc37,095 Fc36,783 Fc36,391 Fc
Hazelnuts, with shellArea harvested13,824 Im13,521 Im13,211 Im12,892 Im12,410 Im
Production quantity29,318 Im28,316 Im27,314 Im26,312 Im25,101 Im
Yield21,208 Fc20,942 Fc20,675 Fc20,410 Fc20,226 Fc
Hemp tow wasteArea harvested4,015 Im4,238 Im4,589 Im5,317 Im8,805 Im
Production quantity14,538 Im15,073 Im16,027 Im18,569 Im32,493 Im
Yield36,209 Fc35,566 Fc34,925 Fc34,924 Fc36,903 Fc
HempseedArea harvested12,603 Im18,56021,90013,6705,830
Production quantity71,423 Im106,200124,70071,60026,000
Yield56,671 Fc57,220 Fc56,941 Fc52,377 Fc44,597 Fc
HopsArea harvested2,326 Im2,420 Im2,515 Im2,612 Im2,700 Im
Production quantity7,036 Im7,274 Im7,513 Im7,751 Im8,063 Im
Yield30,249 Fc30,058 Fc29,873 Fc29,675 Fc29,863 Fc
JuteArea harvested7,982 Im7,296 Im8,000 F8,554 F9,408 F
Production quantity29,934 Im27,110 Im30,000 F30,750 F30,740 F
Yield37,502 Fc37,157 Fc37,500 Fc35,948 Fc32,674 Fc
Karite nuts (sheanuts)Area harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Kiwi fruitArea harvested182,566 Im174,953 Im166,318 Im195,194 Im181,900
Production quantity2,196,727 Im2,113,971 Im2,021,842 Im2,395,768 Im2,187,867
Yield120,325 Fc120,831 Fc121,565 Fc122,738 Fc120,279 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegetablesArea harvested5,392 Im5,261 Im5,128 Im4,992 Im4,889 Im
Production quantity142,318 Im137,827 Im133,336 Im128,845 Im126,005 Im
Yield263,943 Fc261,979 Fc260,016 Fc258,103 Fc257,732 Fc
Lemons and limesArea harvested128,823 Im119,177 Im100,204 Im99,600 Im106,000 *
Production quantity2,666,082 Im2,482,884 F2,290,068 F2,258,922 F2,196,050 F
Yield206,957 Fc208,336 Fc228,541 Fc226,799 Fc207,175 Fc
LentilsArea harvested65,901 Im67,753 Im67,780 F65,410 F60,000 *
Production quantity164,239 Im172,173 F171,888 F155,181 F143,000 *
Yield24,922 Fc25,412 Fc25,360 Fc23,724 Fc23,833 Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea harvested668,478 Im657,152 Im645,685 Im634,057 Im627,488 Im
Production quantity16,310,175 Im15,949,486 Im15,588,798 Im15,228,110 Im14,876,263 Im
Yield243,990 Fc242,706 Fc241,430 Fc240,169 Fc237,076 Fc
LinseedArea harvested260,000 *279,000 *284,000 *287,187 Im292,310
Production quantity340,000 *366,000 *363,000 *368,284 Im399,620
Yield13,077 Fc13,118 Fc12,782 Fc12,824 Fc13,671 Fc
MaizeArea harvested41,280,00042,130,05042,399,00044,178,00044,968,000
Production quantity260,778,900257,173,900259,071,000263,613,000264,992,000
Yield63,173 Fc61,043 Fc61,103 Fc59,671 Fc58,929 Fc
Maize, greenArea harvested14,536 Im13,954 Im13,365 Im12,770 Im11,959 Im
Production quantity138,770 Im132,515 Im126,261 Im120,007 Im113,381 Im
Yield95,466 Fc94,966 Fc94,471 Fc93,976 Fc94,808 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea harvested180,000 F170,800 *209,247 Im220,776 Im232,989 Im
Production quantity2,415,000 F2,414,800 *2,658,631 Im2,736,154 Im2,814,176 Im
Yield134,167 Fc141,382 Fc127,057 Fc123,933 Fc120,786 Fc
Melons, other (inc.cantaloupes)Area harvested379,788 Im376,120348,820345,930345,560
Production quantity13,489,373 Im13,159,30012,326,50011,876,40011,179,600
Yield355,182 Fc349,870 Fc353,377 Fc343,318 Fc323,521 Fc
MelonseedArea harvested18,020 Im18,440 Im18,876 Im19,316 Im19,425 Im
Production quantity28,956 Im29,249 Im29,542 Im29,836 Im29,713 Im
Yield16,069 Fc15,862 Fc15,651 Fc15,446 Fc15,296 Fc
MilletArea harvested900,000 *778,190861,000546,393 Im839,400
Production quantity2,300,000 *2,341,8002,547,9001,394,090 F1,966,000
Yield25,556 Fc30,093 Fc29,592 Fc25,514 Fc23,421 Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesArea harvested29,052 Im27,968 Im26,868 Im25,753 Im26,463 Im
Production quantity8,938,814 Im8,544,112 Im8,149,410 Im7,754,708 Im7,938,720 Im
Yield3,076,833 Fc3,054,960 Fc3,033,129 Fc3,011,186 Fc2,999,932 Fc
Mustard seedArea harvested23,511 Im23,519 Im23,527 Im23,535 Im23,757 Im
Production quantity18,423 Im18,325 Im18,228 Im18,130 Im18,509 Im
Yield7,836 Fc7,792 Fc7,748 Fc7,703 Fc7,791 Fc
Nuts nesArea harvested26,879 Im26,563 Im26,231 Im25,882 Im25,366 Im
Production quantity170,991 Im164,966 Im158,941 Im152,916 Im148,848 Im
Yield63,615 Fc62,104 Fc60,593 Fc59,082 Fc58,680 Fc
OatsArea harvested134,586 Im140,223 Im145,570 Im148,870 Im147,752 Im
Production quantity495,466 Im505,840 Im512,606 Im512,434 Im490,864 Im
Yield36,814 Fc36,074 Fc35,214 Fc34,422 Fc33,222 Fc
Oil palm fruitArea harvested50,337 Im50,137 Im49,939 Im49,742 Im49,576 Im
Production quantity665,925 Im665,653 Im665,381 Im665,110 Im666,329 Im
Yield132,293 Fc132,767 Fc133,239 Fc133,712 Fc134,406 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested26,259,800 A24,916,069 A26,602,565 A23,626,643 A24,015,343 A
Production quantity75,327,207 A70,231,097 A68,558,437 A63,596,258 A63,899,089 A
Yield28,685 Fc28,187 Fc25,771 Fc26,917 Fc26,608 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested26,132,609 A24,802,081 A26,439,082 A23,447,797 A23,834,746 A
Production quantity36,667,538 A35,105,819 A34,289,883 A31,326,532 A31,152,136 A
Yield14,031 Fc14,154 Fc12,969 Fc13,360 Fc13,070 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested26,688,198 A25,340,882 A27,023,783 A24,044,470 A24,420,825 A
Production quantity17,610,240 A17,035,235 A16,942,127 A15,887,083 A16,013,817 A
Yield6,599 Fc6,722 Fc6,269 Fc6,607 Fc6,557 Fc
Oilseeds nesArea harvested262,289 Im231,870234,550243,000244,000
Production quantity345,481 Im335,200301,000325,000311,900
Yield13,172 Fc14,456 Fc12,833 Fc13,374 Fc12,783 Fc
Onions, dryArea harvested1,127,609 Im1,112,833 Im1,097,989 Im1,083,075 Im1,068,367 Im
Production quantity24,908,392 Im24,525,232 Im24,142,073 Im23,758,914 Im23,384,254 Im
Yield220,896 Fc220,386 Fc219,875 Fc219,365 Fc218,878 Fc
Onions, shallots, greenArea harvested26,080 Im25,446 Im24,812 Im24,180 Im23,531 Im
Production quantity1,001,255 Im976,821 Im952,343 Im927,773 Im906,186 Im
Yield383,917 Fc383,880 Fc383,824 Fc383,694 Fc385,103 Fc
OrangesArea harvested561,786 Im550,808 Im503,663 Im509,003 Im498,600 *
Production quantity10,435,719 Im9,841,776 Im8,558,659 Im8,282,714 F8,052,184 F
Yield185,760 Fc178,679 Fc169,928 Fc162,724 Fc161,496 Fc
PapayasArea harvested10,542 Im9,399 Im8,301 Im7,261 Im6,163 Im
Production quantity41,642 Im40,397 Im39,152 Im37,907 Im36,725 Im
Yield39,501 Fc42,980 Fc47,165 Fc52,206 Fc59,589 Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea harvested838,878 Im828,555 Im816,098 Im837,560 Im828,300
Production quantity15,825,757 Im15,226,168 Im14,631,418 Im14,294,945 Im13,640,032
Yield188,654 Fc183,768 Fc179,285 Fc170,674 Fc164,675 Fc
PearsArea harvested950,974 Im943,420922,780972,226 Im1,124,000
Production quantity17,000,000 *16,078,00016,410,00015,963,00016,527,000
Yield178,764 Fc170,423 Fc177,832 Fc164,190 Fc147,037 Fc
Peas, dryArea harvested978,320 Im980,240 Im960,214 F926,642 F850,000 *
Production quantity1,458,858 Im1,525,476 F1,522,950 F1,374,928 F1,267,000 *
Yield14,912 Fc15,562 Fc15,861 Fc14,838 Fc14,906 Fc
Peas, greenArea harvested1,668,387 Im1,620,813 Im1,573,150 Im1,525,396 Im1,478,568 Im
Production quantity13,395,482 Im13,001,289 Im12,607,096 Im12,212,903 Im11,819,865 Im
Yield80,290 Fc80,215 Fc80,139 Fc80,064 Fc79,941 Fc
Pepper (piper spp.)Area harvested18,473 Im18,297 Im18,115 Im17,927 Im17,858 Im
Production quantity37,423 Im36,452 Im35,481 Im34,512 Im34,008 Im
Yield20,258 Fc19,922 Fc19,587 Fc19,251 Fc19,044 Fc
PersimmonsArea harvested914,883 Im895,010 Im860,996 Im841,444 Im839,138 Im
Production quantity3,207,516 Im3,142,6003,029,0002,967,3002,949,600
Yield35,059 Fc35,112 Fc35,180 Fc35,264 Fc35,150 Fc
PineapplesArea harvested79,219 Im75,598 Im71,263 Im65,566 Im60,500
Production quantity1,727,607 Im1,625,0001,494,8001,399,5001,338,500
Yield218,080 Fc214,953 Fc209,758 Fc213,449 Fc221,240 Fc
PistachiosArea harvested32,207 Im31,330 Im30,410 Im29,444 Im28,064 Im
Production quantity106,155 Im100,873 Im95,591 Im90,310 Im83,533 Im
Yield32,960 Fc32,197 Fc31,434 Fc30,672 Fc29,765 Fc
Plums and sloesArea harvested2,107,703 Im2,069,022 Im2,030,384 Im1,991,149 Im1,908,201 Im
Production quantity6,995,738 Im6,853,267 Im6,710,796 Im6,568,326 Im6,434,012 Im
Yield33,191 Fc33,123 Fc33,052 Fc32,988 Fc33,718 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested4,912,161 Im4,758,0704,859,9204,802,4004,785,580
Production quantity91,818,950 Im90,259,155 F88,481,500 *84,928,500 *82,828,957 Im
Yield186,922 Fc189,697 Fc182,064 Fc176,846 Fc173,080 Fc
Pulses nesArea harvested55,125 Im59,954 Im56,483 F54,508 F50,000 *
Production quantity143,177 Im154,113 F153,858 F138,904 F128,000 *
Yield25,973 Fc25,705 Fc27,240 Fc25,483 Fc25,600 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested2,702,385 A2,746,458 A2,701,589 A2,606,833 A2,391,500 A
Production quantity4,835,388 A5,013,483 A5,005,181 A4,514,705 A4,164,000 A
Yield17,893 Fc18,254 Fc18,527 Fc17,319 Fc17,412 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea harvested450,622 Im441,499 Im432,359 Im423,200 Im413,440 Im
Production quantity8,376,151 Im8,198,544 Im8,020,938 Im7,843,332 Im7,681,769 Im
Yield185,880 Fc185,698 Fc185,516 Fc185,334 Fc185,801 Fc
QuincesArea harvested51,693 Im46,011 Im41,287 Im37,297 Im33,467 Im
Production quantity125,480 Im123,004 Im120,528 Im118,052 Im115,695 Im
Yield24,274 Fc26,734 Fc29,193 Fc31,652 Fc34,570 Fc
RamieArea harvested30,889 Im28,54027,12041,253 Im55,710
Production quantity57,897 Im53,90050,80078,613 Im108,441
Yield18,744 Fc18,886 Fc18,732 Fc19,056 Fc19,465 Fc
RapeseedArea harvested6,569,791 Im6,550,6106,653,0106,623,0007,028,000
Production quantity13,484,70013,281,20013,274,10013,128,00013,859,000
Yield20,525 Fc20,275 Fc19,952 Fc19,822 Fc19,720 Fc
Rice, paddyArea harvested29,690,00030,189,45030,747,19030,746,00030,784,000
Production quantity209,614,000212,129,000212,675,900211,094,000212,142,000
Yield70,601 Fc70,266 Fc69,169 Fc68,657 Fc68,913 Fc
Rice, paddy (rice milled equivalent)Production quantity139,812,538 Fc141,490,043 Fc141,854,825 Fc140,799,698 Fc141,498,714 Fc
Roots and tubers nesArea harvested3,675 Im3,491 Im3,468 Im3,500 F3,500 F
Production quantity53,714 Im50,939 Im49,682 Im50,000 F50,000 F
Yield146,161 Fc145,915 Fc143,258 Fc142,857 Fc142,857 Fc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested7,676,338 A7,523,321 A7,565,932 A7,630,910 A7,692,228 A
Production quantity150,550,882 A150,126,922 A146,711,345 A143,019,842 A143,676,676 A
Yield196,123 Fc199,549 Fc193,910 Fc187,422 Fc186,782 Fc
Rubber, naturalArea harvested707,102 Im693,838 Im682,307 Im718,826 Im715,200
Production quantity839,909 Im824,093817,366815,938816,103
Yield11,878 Fc11,877 Fc11,979 Fc11,351 Fc11,411 Fc
RyeArea harvested132,341 Im137,707 Im143,351 Im145,952 Im160,117 Im
Production quantity511,363 Im519,027 Im526,691 Im520,342 Im496,971 Im
Yield38,640 Fc37,691 Fc36,741 Fc35,652 Fc31,038 Fc
Safflower seedArea harvested22,570 Im22,485 Im22,400 Im22,315 Im22,878 Im
Production quantity33,128 Im32,964 Im32,800 Im32,636 Im33,113 Im
Yield14,678 Fc14,660 Fc14,643 Fc14,625 Fc14,474 Fc
Seed cottonArea harvested4,815,3703,354,4104,845,0003,376,1003,766,870
Production quantity23,504,576 Im18,493,333 F17,130,303 F16,029,00016,830,000
Yield48,812 Fc55,131 Fc35,357 Fc47,478 Fc44,679 Fc
Sesame seedArea harvested287,579 Im262,270227,660245,196 Im421,700
Production quantity467,000431,500366,500352,000450,000
Yield16,239 Fc16,453 Fc16,099 Fc14,356 Fc10,671 Fc
SisalArea harvested2,567 Im2,627 Im2,689 Im2,752 Im2,614 Im
Production quantity13,853 Im14,053 Im14,253 Im14,453 Im14,088 Im
Yield53,966 Fc53,494 Fc53,005 Fc52,518 Fc53,894 Fc
SorghumArea harvested750,000 *618,750506,460419,850 Im574,000
Production quantity3,600,000 *2,909,4002,464,9001,951,443 F2,752,000
Yield48,000 Fc47,021 Fc48,669 Fc46,480 Fc47,944 Fc
SoybeansArea harvested8,423,000 *8,412,7708,244,8107,092,736 F6,506,100
Production quantity15,724,000 *15,967,10015,282,50012,788,894 F11,785,000
Yield18,668 Fc18,980 Fc18,536 Fc18,031 Fc18,114 Fc
Spices nesArea harvested33,584 Im33,084 Im32,566 Im32,028 Im31,338 Im
Production quantity122,725 Im118,824 Im114,922 Im111,021 Im106,421 Im
Yield36,543 Fc35,916 Fc35,289 Fc34,664 Fc33,959 Fc
SpinachArea harvested723,052 Im718,805 Im714,256 Im709,373 Im709,889 Im
Production quantity27,527,619 Im26,459,933 Im25,392,247 Im24,324,561 Im23,342,247 Im
Yield380,714 Fc368,110 Fc355,506 Fc342,902 Fc328,815 Fc
StrawberriesArea harvested125,637 Im119,970107,770102,390108,270
Production quantity3,212,814 Im3,060,3002,851,1002,680,2002,803,500
Yield255,722 Fc255,089 Fc264,554 Fc261,764 Fc258,936 Fc
Sugar beetArea harvested223,357 Im216,130174,290154,00096,000
Production quantity12,272,90011,276,6009,384,1008,545,0005,088,000
Yield549,475 Fc521,751 Fc538,419 Fc554,870 Fc530,000 Fc
Sugar caneArea harvested1,414,002 Im1,405,8401,371,3601,402,0001,476,000
Production quantity109,388,100108,097,100104,404,300103,215,000107,064,000
Yield773,606 Fc768,915 Fc761,319 Fc736,198 Fc725,366 Fc
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvested1,637,359 A1,621,970 A1,545,650 A1,556,000 A1,572,000 A
Production quantity121,661,000 A119,373,700 A113,788,400 A111,760,000 A112,152,000 A
Yield743,032 Fc735,980 Fc736,185 Fc718,252 Fc713,435 Fc
Sunflower seedArea harvested850,000 *921,3501,170,750973,000 *1,036,300
Production quantity2,420,000 *2,494,2003,149,4002,610,000 *2,698,113
Yield28,471 Fc27,071 Fc26,901 Fc26,824 Fc26,036 Fc
Sweet potatoesArea harvested2,365,340 Im2,369,542 F2,313,290 *2,438,740 *2,519,190 *
Production quantity51,793,916 Im53,009,345 F51,449,500 *51,387,500 *54,201,000 *
Yield218,970 Fc223,711 Fc222,408 Fc210,713 Fc215,152 Fc
Tallowtree seedArea harvested428,398 Im424,813 Im421,218 Im417,827 Im405,482 Im
Production quantity1,055,788 Im1,045,349 Im1,034,909 Im1,024,408 Im995,351 Im
Yield24,645 Fc24,607 Fc24,569 Fc24,518 Fc24,547 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clementines, satsumasArea harvested1,897,468 Im1,854,035 Im1,717,209 Im1,712,056 Im1,629,000 *
Production quantity19,707,197 Im19,035,444 F17,557,188 F17,318,402 F16,860,578 F
Yield103,860 Fc102,670 Fc102,243 Fc101,156 Fc103,503 Fc
Taro (cocoyam)Area harvested95,950 Im95,486 Im95,015 Im94,538 Im94,459 Im
Production quantity1,908,830 Im1,886,750 Im1,864,669 Im1,842,588 Im1,823,194 Im
Yield198,940 Fc197,594 Fc196,250 Fc194,904 Fc193,014 Fc
TeaArea harvested3,173,536 Im2,985,8002,848,7202,366,940 Im2,115,800
Production quantity2,777,2002,610,4002,460,4002,313,0002,277,000
Yield8,751 Fc8,743 Fc8,637 Fc9,772 Fc10,762 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvested1,156,365 Im1,003,2501,081,0001,153,0001,197,000
Production quantity2,610,507 Im2,241,0002,391,0002,574,0002,677,000
Yield22,575 Fc22,337 Fc22,118 Fc22,324 Fc22,364 Fc
TomatoesArea harvested1,082,453 Im1,066,922 Im1,050,844 Im1,034,188 Im1,024,700 Im
Production quantity62,764,671 Im60,811,208 Im58,857,745 Im56,904,282 Im55,465,999 Im
Yield579,837 Fc569,969 Fc560,100 Fc550,232 Fc541,290 Fc
Treenuts, TotalArea harvested1,047,532 A1,019,754 A992,033 A967,910 A899,056 A
Production quantity4,722,254 A4,545,316 A4,372,942 A4,225,998 A3,875,708 A
Yield45,080 Fc44,573 Fc44,081 Fc43,661 Fc43,109 Fc
TriticaleArea harvested210,956 Im208,832 Im206,702 Im211,098 Im195,715 Im
Production quantity449,306 Im444,145 Im438,985 Im442,768 Im352,220 Im
Yield21,299 Fc21,268 Fc21,238 Fc20,975 Fc17,997 Fc
Tung nutsArea harvested106,191 Im97,988 Im144,483 Im156,846 Im154,597 Im
Production quantity266,743 Im248,173370,083408,518412,042
Yield25,119 Fc25,327 Fc25,614 Fc26,046 Fc26,653 Fc
VanillaArea harvested4,053 Im4,701 Im4,192 Im5,385 Im3,600
Production quantity379 Im458 Im554 Im812 Im566
Yield935 Fc974 Fc1,322 Fc1,508 Fc1,572 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested25,035,991 A24,595,132 A24,154,205 A23,712,970 A23,394,278 A
Production quantity588,264,053 A573,753,309 A559,242,514 A544,731,604 A535,009,927 A
Yield234,967 Fc233,279 Fc231,530 Fc229,719 Fc228,693 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested11,396,691 Im11,145,338 Im10,896,968 Im10,651,528 Im10,453,610 Im
Production quantity180,869,427 Im177,942,828 Im175,016,220 Im172,089,591 Im169,561,465 Im
Yield158,703 Fc159,657 Fc160,610 Fc161,563 Fc162,204 Fc
Vegetables, leguminous nesArea harvested6,200 Im6,107 Im6,010 Im5,910 Im5,881 Im
Production quantity135,787 Im131,409 Im127,030 Im122,652 Im120,108 Im
Yield219,011 Fc215,178 Fc211,364 Fc207,533 Fc204,231 Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea harvested631,330 Im609,687 Im587,132 Im563,606 Im530,286 Im
Production quantity2,521,504 Im2,385,834 Im2,250,164 Im2,114,495 Im1,941,886 Im
Yield39,940 Fc39,132 Fc38,325 Fc37,517 Fc36,620 Fc
WatermelonsArea harvested1,462,561 Im1,517,9301,519,7201,515,0601,548,230
Production quantity60,685,237 Im61,536,90063,147,22062,206,50062,671,400
Yield414,924 Fc405,400 Fc415,519 Fc410,588 Fc404,794 Fc
WheatArea harvested23,730,00024,266,19024,478,15024,696,00024,596,000
Production quantity133,596,300131,440,500134,241,300133,271,000132,639,000
Yield56,298 Fc54,166 Fc54,841 Fc53,965 Fc53,927 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
* = Unofficial figure
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
F = FAO estimate
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea527,733 Fm527,733 Fm527,754 Fm527,832 Fm527,890 Fm
AgricultureArea527,733 Fc527,733 Fc527,754 Fc527,832 Fc527,890 Fc
Agriculture area certified organicArea2,558 I2,237 I1,784 I1,458 I
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area3,135 I3,023 I2,281 I1,610 I1,925 I
Arable landArea118,900 Fm118,900 Fm118,921 Fm118,999 Fm119,057 Fm
Country areaArea956,291 Fm956,291 Fm956,291 Q956,291 Q956,291 Q
CroplandArea134,900 Fm134,900 W134,921 W134,999 W135,057 W
Cropland area actually irrigatedArea68,272 W67,816 W67,141 Q65,873 Q64,540 Q
Forest landArea216,219 Q214,339 Q212,460 Q210,294 Q208,357 Fm
Inland watersArea17,470 Fm17,470 Fm17,470 Fm17,470 Fm17,470 Q
Land areaArea938,821 Fm938,821 Fm938,821 Fm938,821 Fm938,821 Fm
Land area equipped for irrigationArea73,757 Fm73,301 Fm72,626 Fm71,358 Fm70,025 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea392,833 Fm392,833 W392,833 Fm392,833 W392,833 Q
Land under permanent cropsArea16,000 Fm16,000 Fm16,000 Fm16,000 Q16,000 Fm
Naturally regenerating forestArea133,748 Q132,981 Q132,215 Fm131,284 Fm130,484 Fm
Other landArea197,723 Fc199,600 Fc201,457 Fc203,542 Fc205,418 Fc
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea20,867 Fm20,867 Fm20,867 Fm20,867 Fm20,867 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. growingArea371,966 Fm371,966 Fm371,966 Fm371,966 Fm371,966 Fm
Planted ForestArea82,471 Q81,358 Q80,245 Q79,010 Q77,873 Fm
Primary ForestArea11,632 Fm11,632 Fm11,632 Q11,632 Fm
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc.
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.