Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Cameroon

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Datasheet

Cameroon

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 25,876,380 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 1,500 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 38,882.92 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 39,007.35 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 14.51 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentRott et al. (1989); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma palmae (lethal yellowing (LY))PresentCABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter africanus (African greening)PresentCABI and EPPO (1998); Bové (2006); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)PresentEPPO (2019); Aubert et al. (1988)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolyticaPresentMartrenchar et al. (1995)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Toukam et al. (2009)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2021)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella AbortusequiPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight)PresentBradbury (1986); UK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces invadansPresentOIE (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronospora belbahrii (basil downy mildew)PresentInvasiveVoglmayr and Piątek (2009); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982); Fontem et al. (2004)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora megakarya (black pod of cocoa)Present, WidespreadDespreaux et al. (1987); Nyassé et al. (1999); Holmes et al. (2003); Ndoumbe-Nkeng et al. (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaConiothyrium glycines (red leaf blotch)PresentEPPO (2022); UK, CAB International (1991)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. elaeidis (fusarium wilt of oil palm)Present, WidespreadRenard and Quillec (1984); UK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella xylarioides (coffee wilt)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyPhiri and Baker (2009); UK, CAB International (1970); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTezenas du Montcel (1982); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Menyonga (1971); Seif and Hillocks (1993); UK, CAB International (1996)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNguefack et al. (2008)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); Saumtally et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Doherty-Bone et al. (2008); Soto-Azat et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentNHM (undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma variegatum (tropical bont tick)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale)PresentNHM (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968); Charaabi et al. (2008); Carletto et al. (2009); Abang et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969); Dejean et al. (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2003); Vayssières et al. (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDrew et al. (2005); White (2006); CABI and EPPO (2008); Vayssieres et al. (2008); Goergen et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); Abdullahi et al. (2003); Berry et al. (2004); Legg et al. (2014); Leke et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentBerry et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil)PresentNgamo et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)PresentNativeSteck et al. (1986); Meyer (2000); Meyer et al. (2002); CABI and EPPO (2015); Balmès and Mouttet (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis rosa (Natal fruit fly)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeroplastes destructor (white wax scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1960); Ben-Dov et al. (2001); Hodgson and Peronti (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer)PresentUK, CAB International (1989); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1977); Pinhey (1979); Roméo et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)PresentNativeInvasiveHall et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes sjostedtiPresentNativeSnyder (1949); Harris (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadSubra (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus bivittatus (fruit fly)PresentRoméo et al. (2015); Steck et al. (1986); White (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly)PresentEPPO (2022); Munro (1984); CABI and EPPO (2002); Okolle and Ntonifor (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1972); Ben-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea piceusPresentIntroducedWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Steinmann (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1993); Beyo et al. (2004); Brévault et al. (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentCristancho et al. (2007); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentNHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)PresentMartinez and Bordat (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentIntroducedWilliams (1986); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaliarpha separatella (African white rice borer)PresentMartin (1958)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)Present, WidespreadYaninek (1988); Yaninek and Herren (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); Millar (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1970); Waterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNomadacris septemfasciata (red locust)Present, LocalizedNativeDescamps (1953)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrseolia oryzivora (African rice gall midge)PresentUK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentNativeDore and Frimodt (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)PresentSimo et al. (2021); IPPC (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentDescamps (1954); UK, CAB International (1990); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentNativeInvasiveWheeler (1922)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHerren and Neuenschwander (1991); Zeddies et al. (2001); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHodges et al. (2008); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhryneta leprosaPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea absoluta (tomato leafminer)PresentIntroducedFAO (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentBen-Dov (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1968); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentMound and Halsey (1978); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentHakbijl (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentNgamo et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentAyuk-Takem et al. (1982)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)PresentGoergen (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1972); Haggis (1984); Rose et al. (1996); Pogue (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveIPPC (2017); Abrahams et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1967); Roméo et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStictococcus vayssierei (cassava brown root scale)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2015); Tchuanyo et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)Present, WidespreadInvasiveDejean et al. (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth (FCM))PresentNativeNdemah et al. (2001); Ndemah et al. (2001); EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentEssig (1949); CABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid)PresentTamesse (2009); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveISSG (2014); Greathead and Greathead (1992); Wetterer and Porter (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1973); Wood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similisPresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentIntroducedWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentIntroducedWood and Bright (1992); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZaprionus tuberculatusPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstatoreochromis alluaudi (Alluaud's haplo)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWelcomme (1988); Slootweg (1989); Vreven et al. (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentIntroducedInvasiveWelcomme (1988); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Costa Pierce et al. (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemichromis letourneuxi (African jewelfish)Present, WidespreadNativeLoiselle (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHeterotis niloticus (African bonytongue)PresentNativeFroese R and Pauly D (2012); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLates niloticus (Nile perch)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)Absent, Formerly presentWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)PresentNativeVivien (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentNativePullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)Present, LocalizedNativeJuniper and Parr (2003); BirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataQuelea quelea (weaver bird)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveLouette (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSarotherodon galilaeus (mango tilapia)PresentNativeJohnson (1974)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSchilbe mystus (African butter catfish)PresentNativeTeugels and Thys van den Audenaerde (1990); Vivien (1991); Boden et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis)PresentNativeHoyo et al. (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia mariae (spotted tilapia)PresentNativeKadem Toham and Teugels (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)PresentNativeVivien (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus niloticus (Nile monitor)PresentNativeBayless (2002); Spawls et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Glaubrecht et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentBarat et al. (1969); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); Loubana et al. (2007); Banful et al. (2008); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentPrice (1994); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)Present, LocalizedBridge et al. (1995); CABI and EPPO (2000); Loubana et al. (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus goodeyi (banana lesion nematode)PresentBridge et al. (1995); CABI and EPPO (2000); Loubana et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentBridge et al. (1995); CABI and EPPO (1999); Loubana et al. (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaScutellonema bradys (yam nematode)PresentBridge et al. (1995); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern)Present, LocalizedNativeDyer et al. (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCeratopteris thalictroides (watersprite)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris tripartita (giant brake)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris vittata (Chinese ladder brake fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (kariba weed)PresentGunn and Ritchie (1982); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeLawson and John (1987); John et al. (2003); John et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeJohn et al. (2003); John et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus esculentus (okra)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedAkume et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia coleiPresent, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia cyclops (coastal wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia hockiiPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2008); ILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia polyacantha (hook thorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes japonica (Japanese chaff flower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedAdams (1963); Holm et al. (1979); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia chinensis (Chinese albizia)Present, PlantedIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlectra vogelii (yellow witchweed)Present, LocalizedNativeParker and Riches (1993); Riches et al. (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1991); PROTA (2014); Nguemte et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentPROTA (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth)PresentIntroducedGrubben (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentHutchinson and Dalziel (1954); PROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedBurke and DiTommaso (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentNativeHutchinson et al. (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBalanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia tomentosa (yellow bauhinia)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2018); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa bladhii (Caucasian bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedWarwick and Francis (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBreynia disticha (snowbush)PresentIntroducedZipcodeZoo (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentGBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)PresentIntroducedDuguma and Mollet (1997); PROTA (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentNativeInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCananga odorata (ylang-ylang)Present, PlantedTan LohTengHern et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentEPPO (2022); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCecropia peltata (trumpet tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMcKey (1988); Binggeli (1999); ISSG (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris gayana (Rhodes grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGautier (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon zizanioides (vetiver)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinchona pubescens (quinine tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus quadrangularis (treebine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome gynandraPresentNativeMishra et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower)PresentNativeWild (1960); Berhaut (1974); Kers (1986); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentPROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum thomsoniae (bleeding glory bower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentNativeILDIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedGovaerts et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedHepper (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedSafo-Kantaka (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentPaviot (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentIntroducedAdams (1963); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos)PresentIntroducedJansen (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedHeine (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyathula prostrata (pasture weed)PresentNativePROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2016); Nguefack et al. (2004); Ntonifor et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)Present, WidespreadDeuse et al. (1983); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissooPresent, PlantedIntroducedICRAF (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentHepper (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria abyssinica (East African couchgrass)PresentClayton and Renvoize (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria fuscescens (yellow crab grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2013); FAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentNativeGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea cayenensis (Guinea yam)PresentNativePROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDracaena fragrans (corn plant)PresentNativeGovaerts (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedHutchinson and Dalziel (1954); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-pavonis (gulf cockspur grass)PresentInvasiveVan der Zon (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalisPresent, WidespreadNativeHutchinson et al. (1972); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentFAO (2009); Duke (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentNativeHepper (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia coccinea (scarlet tasselflower)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia praetermissa (yellow thistle)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEntada gigas (sea-bean)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis ciliaris (gophertail lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis unioloides (Chinese lovegrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2018); Sharp and Simon (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)Present, PlantedIntroducedPROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood)Present, PlantedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentIntroducedQuattrocchi (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)PresentHutchinson and Dalziel (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum)PresentNativePROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFuntumia elastica (West African rubber tree)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002); WAC (2005); PROTA (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena globosa (globe amaranth)PresentNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGossypium barbadense (Gallini cotton)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentHeine (1963); Holm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium supinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeteropogon contortus (spear grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotis rotundifolia (pink lady)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHevea brasiliensis (rubber)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis spicigera (black sesame)PresentLe Bourgeois et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentPROTA (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)PresentNativeHutchinson et al. (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeBisby et al. (1994); USDA-ARS (2013); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (white moonflower )PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentSokeng et al. (2007); Noumi and Yomi (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea cairica (five-fingered morning glory)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory)PresentIntroducedLejoly and Lisowski (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea hederifolia (scarlet-creeper )PresentIntroducedStaples (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea nil (white edge morning-glory)PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum timorense (centipede grass)PresentHutchinson and Dalziel (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum dichotomum (Gold Coast jasmine)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine)PresentNativeGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)Present, PlantedIntroducedCaius (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)PresentIntroducedCsurhes (1999); USA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKyllinga nemoralis (white kyllinga)PresentNativeKumar (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKyllinga polyphylla (navua sedge)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentGBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHughes (1998); Hughes (1998); ILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentCABI (Undated); PROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentRaven (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah)PresentZipcode Zoo (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaesopsis eminii (umbrella tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelicoccus bijugatus (Spanish lime)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentNativeHutchinson and Dalziel (1963); Heine (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)PresentIntroducedTchoumbougnang et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedRivoire (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedLeavold et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)Present, WidespreadIntroducedGaullier (1986); Ngouajio and Daelemans (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica balsamina (common balsam apple)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedPROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentNativeILDIS (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMussaenda erythrophylla (red flag bush)PresentNativeGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea lotus (white Egyptian lotus)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); Plant Gene Resources of Canada (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNypa fruticans (nipa palm)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSaenger and Bellan (1995); Burns et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum (African basil)PresentNativeWCSP (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia corymbosa (flat-top mille graines)PresentNativeGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia lancifolia (calycose mille graines)PresentNativeGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza barthiiPresentNativeGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza longistaminata (perennial wild rice)PresentTropicos (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPachira aquatica (pachira nut)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2018); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum notatum (Bahia grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003); Parmentier et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla)PresentIntroducedPOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveClayton (1972); Holm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum pedicellatum (deenanath grass)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveHeper (1972); Poilecot (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2013); Ndemah et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)Present, WidespreadIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2018); Missouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedMairura (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014); Clayton (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002); FAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRauvolfia caffra (quinine tree )PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamphicarpa fistulosaPresentHansen (1975); Mielcarek (1996); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008); Martin (1990); Parmentier et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentIntroducedSmithsonian Museum of Natural History (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna hirsuta (hairy senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna italica (Senegal senna)PresentNativeILDIS (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentMartin (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); ILDIS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)Present, LocalizedHeine (1963); Ndebia et al. (2007); Nguelefack et al. (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentFontem et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidalis (giant rat’s tail grass)PresenteMonocot (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus tenuissimus (tropical dropseed)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentHutchinson et al. (1954)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); Mohamed et al. (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga aspera (witchweed)PresentHepper (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed)PresentLane et al. (1996); GRIN (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga hermonthica (witchweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)PresentAdams (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedChalchat et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarindus indica (tamarind)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia erecta (bush clockvine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Mexican sunflower)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveChukwuka (2003); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia rotundifolia (red sunflower)PresentIntroducedMuoghalu (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachypogon spicatus (spiked crinkleawn)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentHUTCHINSON and DALZIEL (1958)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentHutchinson et al. (1963); Ngouajio et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentNativeHutchinson and Dalziel (1958)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeDenny (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentHolm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPrabhakaran Nair (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusAbsent, Invalid presence record(s)O'Shea (1999); Schultze-Motel (1975)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeBeadell et al. (2006)
VirusAfrican cassava mosaic virus (African cassava mosaic)PresentNativeInvasiveFondong et al. (1998); Akinbade et al. (2010); Leke et al. (2016); Hoyer et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2020)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)Present, LocalizedOben et al. (2009); IPPC (2010); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
VirusBanana streak diseasePresentNativeInvasiveDiekmann and Putter (1996); Gauhl et al. (1999)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusCassava mosaic disease (African cassava mosaic)Present, WidespreadInvasiveFondong et al. (1998); CABI and EPPO (1998); Akinbade et al. (2010)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusCotton leaf curl Gezira virusPresentEPPO (2022); Cauquil and Follin (1983); Leke et al. (2007); Leke et al. (2013)
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusPresent, WidespreadThottappilly et al. (1995); CABI and EPPO (2010)
VirusEast African cassava mosaic virusPresent, WidespreadNativeInvasiveFondong et al. (1998); Akinbade et al. (2010)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusfowlpox virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfluenza A virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2003)
VirusMaize streak virus (streak disease of maize)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (1997); Leke et al. (2009); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusNewcastle disease virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusRice yellow mottle virusPresentCABI (Undated); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (sugarcane mosaic)PresentISSCT (1989); EPPO (2022)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentNgeve and Bouwkamp (1991)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
African horse sicknessPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2012); OIE (2020)
African swine feverPresentOIE (2012)
anthraxPresentOIE (2012); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); OIE (1997); OIE Handistatus (2005)
atrophic rhinitis of swineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
atypical non-progressive proliferative pneumoniaPresentMartrenchar et al. (1995)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian infectious bronchitisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avian influenzaPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
avian leukosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
babesiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005); CABI (Undated)
blacklegPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetongueAbsent, No presence record(s)Ekue et al. (1985); Lefèvre and Calvez (1986); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
caseous lymphadenitisPresentNfi and Ndi (1994); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationPresentNativeInvasiveHall et al. (2001)
ChytridiomycosisAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Doherty-Bone et al. (2008); Soto-Azat et al. (2009)
classical swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
coccidiosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaPresentOIE (2012); Masiga et al. (1998); Kané (2000)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaPresentCABI (Undated)
contagious ophthalmiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Denman island diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dermatophilosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EchinococcusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic ulcerative syndromePresentOIE (2020)
equine coital exanthemaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine viral arteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsPresentOIE (2012); Kitching (1998)
fowl choleraPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
fowl typhoidPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
fowlpoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterPresentChad (1967); OIE Handistatus (2005)
hepatitis E virus infectionPresent, WidespreadPaula et al. (2013)
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE (2012)
infectious coryzaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Mannheimia haemolytica infectionsPresentMartrenchar et al. (1995)
Marek's diseasePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsPresentMartrenchar et al. (1995)
Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (LC) infectionsPresentMartrenchar et al. (1997)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE (2012)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
paratuberculosisPresentOkuni et al. (2020)
Pasteurella multocida infectionsPresent, WidespreadMartrenchar (1993)
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeBeadell et al. (2006)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
pullorum diseasePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
rabiesPresentOIE (2012)
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultryPresentEsona et al. (2003)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
sheep and goat poxPresentOIE (1999); OIE Handistatus (2005)
spring viraemia of carpAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
stranglesPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
swine erysipelasPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
trypanosomosisPresentCABI (Undated)
tuberculosisPresentAwa et al. (1999); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
ApricotsArea harvested214 Im207 Im200 Im192 Im185 Im
Production quantity1,146 Im1,099 Im1,052 Im1,006 Im957 Im
Yield53,551 Fc53,092 Fc52,600 Fc52,396 Fc51,730 Fc
AvocadosArea harvested16,298 Im16,292 Im16,288 Im16,271 Im16,213 Im
Production quantity74,668 Im74,101 Im73,525 Im72,921 Im71,719 Im
Yield45,814 Fc45,483 Fc45,141 Fc44,817 Fc44,235 Fc
Bambara beansArea harvested66,675 Im62,672 Im58,768 Im54,959 Im49,537 Im
Production quantity51,265 Im48,800 Im46,335 Im43,869 Im41,524 Im
Yield7,689 Fc7,787 Fc7,884 Fc7,982 Fc8,382 Fc
BananasArea harvested91,975 Im87,518 Im76,257 Im72,35967,956
Production quantity1,207,375 Im1,212,807 Im1,239,556 Im1,187,5471,082,800
Yield131,272 Fc138,578 Fc162,550 Fc164,119 Fc159,338 Fc
Beans, dryArea harvested307,020 Im303,533 Im310,931 Im300,153286,996
Production quantity413,723 Im410,753 Im413,673 Im390,816362,800
Yield13,475 Fc13,532 Fc13,304 Fc13,021 Fc12,641 Fc
Beans, greenArea harvested774 Im772 Im771 Im769 Im768 Im
Production quantity4,925 Im4,805 Im4,684 Im4,564 Im4,446 Im
Yield63,630 Fc62,241 Fc60,752 Fc59,350 Fc57,891 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea harvested283 Im280 Im277 Im274 Im271 Im
Production quantity410 Im403 Im397 Im390 Im386 Im
Yield14,488 Fc14,393 Fc14,332 Fc14,234 Fc14,244 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested2,410 Im2,442 Im2,477 Im2,514 Im2,551 Im
Production quantity73,743 Im71,625 Im69,502 Im67,367 Im65,107 Im
Yield305,988 Fc293,305 Fc280,589 Fc267,967 Fc255,221 Fc
CassavaArea harvested407,017 Im395,315 Im349,170 Im351,550 Im356,819 Im
Production quantity6,092,549 Im5,804,599 Im5,038,370 Im5,000,000 F4,950,000 F
Yield149,688 Fc146,835 Fc144,296 Fc142,227 Fc138,726 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested2,493,791 A2,415,260 A2,246,435 A2,287,370 A2,213,547 A
Production quantity3,945,682 A3,920,377 A3,795,481 A3,793,188 A3,605,513 A
Yield15,822 Fc16,232 Fc16,896 Fc16,583 Fc16,288 Fc
ChestnutArea harvested150 Im146 Im143 Im140 Im135 Im
Production quantity151 Im148 Im145 Im142 Im137 Im
Yield10,067 Fc10,137 Fc10,140 Fc10,143 Fc10,148 Fc
Chicory rootsProduction quantity151 Im150 Im150 Im149 Im149 Im
Chillies and peppers, dryArea harvested19,565 Im18,832 Im18,078 Im17,301 Im16,326 Im
Production quantity49,518 Im46,975 Im44,432 Im41,889 Im39,312 Im
Yield25,309 Fc24,944 Fc24,578 Fc24,212 Fc24,079 Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea harvested30,378 Im32,617 Im28,948 Im27,15524,963
Production quantity66,856 Im74,850 Im65,448 Im58,90352,569
Yield22,008 Fc22,948 Fc22,609 Fc21,691 Fc21,059 Fc
Citrus Fruit, TotalProduction quantity197 A192 A187 A182 A176 A
Cocoa, beansArea harvested672,745 Im604,731 Im600,081 Im516,747 Im767,555 Im
Production quantity280,000 *249,900 *246,200 *211,000 *310,000 *
Yield4,162 Fc4,132 Fc4,103 Fc4,083 Fc4,039 Fc
CoconutsArea harvested1,567 Im1,600 F1,600 F1,600 F1,600 F
Production quantity3,945 Im4,000 *4,000 *4,000 *4,800 *
Yield25,175 Fc25,000 Fc25,000 Fc25,000 Fc30,000 Fc
Coffee, greenArea harvested89,898 Im98,104 Im102,806 Im113,427 Im115,667 Im
Production quantity28,058 Im30,590 Im32,025 Im35,300 F35,938 Im
Yield3,121 Fc3,118 Fc3,115 Fc3,112 Fc3,107 Fc
Cow peas, dryArea harvested244,058 Im234,492 Im224,978 Im215,516 Im207,287 Im
Production quantity215,016 Im207,151 Im199,286 Im191,421 Im183,696 Im
Yield8,810 Fc8,834 Fc8,858 Fc8,882 Fc8,862 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea harvested324,212 Im306,502 Im327,351 Im299,972262,483
Production quantity302,844 Im293,361 Im316,850 Im282,773240,227
Yield9,341 Fc9,571 Fc9,679 Fc9,427 Fc9,152 Fc
DatesArea harvested159 Im157 Im154 Im152 Im153 Im
Production quantity638 Im624 Im609 Im595 Im596 Im
Yield40,126 Fc39,745 Fc39,545 Fc39,145 Fc38,954 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area harvested327 Im328 Im330 Im331 Im332 Im
Production quantity2,537 Im2,460 Im2,382 Im2,304 Im2,227 Im
Yield77,584 Fc75,000 Fc72,182 Fc69,607 Fc67,078 Fc
Fibre Crops PrimaryArea harvested250,296 A240,285 A185,281 A224,270 A220,267 A
Production quantity107 A106 A104 A102 A100 A
Yield4 Fc4 Fc6 Fc5 Fc5 Fc
FigsArea harvested35 Im35 Im34 Im33 Im34 Im
Production quantity101 Im98 Im96 Im93 Im94 Im
Yield28,857 Fc28,000 Fc28,235 Fc28,182 Fc27,647 Fc
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested504,103 A496,156 A486,506 A504,842 A493,629 A
Production quantity6,723,718 A6,592,338 A6,584,366 A6,717,638 A6,400,201 A
Yield133,380 Fc132,868 Fc135,340 Fc133,064 Fc129,656 Fc
Fruit, citrus nesProduction quantity80 Im78 Im76 Im74 Im70 Im
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvested25,945 Im25,463 Im24,976 Im24,483 Im23,862 Im
Production quantity171,742 Im167,578 Im163,413 Im159,248 Im153,481 Im
Yield66,195 Fc65,812 Fc65,428 Fc65,044 Fc64,320 Fc
Fruit, stone nesArea harvested1,534 Im1,505 Im1,474 Im1,444 Im1,438 Im
Production quantity7,834 Im7,635 Im7,438 Im7,237 Im7,130 Im
Yield51,069 Fc50,731 Fc50,461 Fc50,118 Fc49,583 Fc
GingerArea harvested8,145 Im8,618 Im9,042 Im8,0665,809
Production quantity83,434 Im85,060 Im88,709 Im79,27355,428
Yield102,436 Fc98,700 Fc98,108 Fc98,280 Fc95,417 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production quantity117 Im114 Im111 Im108 Im106 Im
Groundnuts, with shellArea harvested445,000 *440,000 *430,000 *453,826435,556
Production quantity500,000 *480,000 *480,000 *747,677608,731
Yield11,236 Fc10,909 Fc11,163 Fc16,475 Fc13,976 Fc
Hazelnuts, with shellArea harvested164 Im159 Im154 Im150 Im144 Im
Production quantity185 Im179 Im173 Im167 Im159 Im
Yield11,280 Fc11,258 Fc11,234 Fc11,133 Fc11,042 Fc
JuteArea harvested296 Im285 Im281 Im270 Im267 Im
Production quantity107 Im106 Im104 Im102 Im100 Im
Yield3,615 Fc3,719 Fc3,701 Fc3,778 Fc3,745 Fc
Kola nutsArea harvested108,735 Im107,576 Im106,398 Im105,201 Im103,447 Im
Production quantity50,518 Im49,576 Im48,633 Im47,690 Im46,462 Im
Yield4,646 Fc4,608 Fc4,571 Fc4,533 Fc4,491 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegetablesProduction quantity330 Im322 Im314 Im305 Im298 Im
MaizeArea harvested1,420,018 Im1,354,866 Im1,240,977 Im1,207,0131,189,547
Production quantity2,309,535 Im2,315,941 Im2,239,930 Im2,164,0032,070,572
Yield16,264 Fc17,094 Fc18,050 Fc17,929 Fc17,406 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea harvested153 Im151 Im149 Im147 Im148 Im
Production quantity967 Im944 Im920 Im896 Im890 Im
Yield63,203 Fc62,517 Fc61,745 Fc60,952 Fc60,135 Fc
Melons, other (inc.cantaloupes)Area harvested4,947 Im4,927 Im4,907 Im4,887 Im4,845 Im
Production quantity48,835 Im48,219 Im47,604 Im46,989 Im46,385 Im
Yield98,716 Fc97,867 Fc97,012 Fc96,151 Fc95,738 Fc
MelonseedArea harvested136,625 Im134,019 Im131,513 Im129,132 Im124,993 Im
Production quantity50,973 Im51,143 Im51,309 Im51,481 Im51,798 Im
Yield3,731 Fc3,816 Fc3,901 Fc3,987 Fc4,144 Fc
MilletArea harvested75,063 Im74,354 Im73,631 Im72,891 Im71,405 Im
Production quantity105,271 Im103,186 Im101,101 Im99,015 Im95,810 Im
Yield14,024 Fc13,878 Fc13,731 Fc13,584 Fc13,418 Fc
Nuts nesArea harvested632 Im600 Im523 Im651 Im790 F
Production quantity635 Im602 Im526 Im653 Im790 F
Yield10,047 Fc10,033 Fc10,057 Fc10,031 Fc10,000 Fc
Oil palm fruitArea harvested155,000 *152,000 *149,000 *146,000 *142,000 *
Production quantity2,165,487 Im2,160,643 F2,128,514 F2,008,032 F2,088,353 F
Yield139,709 Fc142,148 Fc142,853 Fc137,536 Fc147,067 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested1,058,249 A1,036,988 A966,791 A1,024,640 A988,077 A
Production quantity3,136,057 A3,098,179 A3,047,094 A3,197,299 A3,159,131 A
Yield29,634 Fc29,877 Fc31,518 Fc31,204 Fc31,973 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested1,058,249 A1,036,988 A966,791 A1,024,640 A988,077 A
Production quantity446,064 A433,318 A428,083 A526,491 A479,765 A
Yield4,215 Fc4,179 Fc4,428 Fc5,138 Fc4,856 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested1,058,249 A1,036,988 A966,791 A1,024,640 A988,077 A
Production quantity703,809 A695,334 A685,284 A740,630 A715,861 A
Yield6,651 Fc6,705 Fc7,088 Fc7,228 Fc7,245 Fc
Oilseeds nesArea harvested100 Im99 Im98 Im101 Im45 F
Production quantity130 Im128 Im126 Im129 Im60 F
Yield13,000 Fc12,929 Fc12,857 Fc12,772 Fc13,333 Fc
OkraArea harvested36,975 Im35,166 Im35,563 Im33,37729,514
Production quantity104,216 Im100,890 Im99,524 Im90,78077,935
Yield28,186 Fc28,690 Fc27,985 Fc27,198 Fc26,406 Fc
Onions, dryArea harvested23,340 Im21,655 Im23,596 Im25,07525,534
Production quantity325,196 Im316,629 Im307,887 Im303,781300,335
Yield139,330 Fc146,215 Fc130,483 Fc121,149 Fc117,622 Fc
PapayasProduction quantity46 Im44 Im43 Im42 Im41 Im
Peaches and nectarinesArea harvested168 Im165 Im161 Im157 Im153 Im
Production quantity1,171 Im1,135 Im1,099 Im1,063 Im1,020 Im
Yield69,702 Fc68,788 Fc68,261 Fc67,707 Fc66,667 Fc
Pepper (piper spp.)Area harvested271 Im270 Im270 Im269 Im268 Im
Production quantity93 Im93 Im92 Im92 Im92 Im
Yield3,432 Fc3,444 Fc3,407 Fc3,420 Fc3,433 Fc
PineapplesArea harvested9,583 Im8,712 Im9,615 Im9,5118,718
Production quantity348,340 Im322,980 Im348,556 Im332,664296,047
Yield363,498 Fc370,730 Fc362,513 Fc349,768 Fc339,581 Fc
PistachiosArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Plantains and othersArea harvested346,522 Im345,570 Im348,670 Im371,896 Im366,892 Im
Production quantity4,779,709 Im4,674,589 F4,623,708 F4,832,7174,667,344
Yield137,934 Fc135,272 Fc132,610 Fc129,948 Fc127,213 Fc
Plums and sloesArea harvested138 Im134 Im131 Im128 Im124 Im
Production quantity713 Im690 Im667 Im645 Im614 Im
Yield51,667 Fc51,493 Fc50,916 Fc50,391 Fc49,516 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested21,471 Im19,810 Im20,500 F23,79422,499
Production quantity363,556 Im291,412 Im315,000 F377,257346,332
Yield169,324 Fc147,103 Fc153,659 Fc158,551 Fc153,932 Fc
Pulses nesArea harvested2,711 Im2,754 Im2,800 Im2,848 Im2,898 Im
Production quantity3,420 Im3,405 Im3,390 Im3,376 Im3,345 Im
Yield12,615 Fc12,364 Fc12,107 Fc11,854 Fc11,542 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested620,747 A603,731 A597,754 A573,750 A546,989 A
Production quantity683,834 A670,512 A663,081 A629,872 A591,751 A
Yield11,016 Fc11,106 Fc11,093 Fc10,978 Fc10,818 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea harvested176,171 Im171,801 Im167,433 Im163,065 Im158,571 Im
Production quantity205,471 Im200,398 Im195,324 Im190,251 Im185,283 Im
Yield11,663 Fc11,665 Fc11,666 Fc11,667 Fc11,685 Fc
Rice, paddyArea harvested268,408 Im256,206 Im198,195 Im276,175226,779
Production quantity313,084 Im300,400 F263,600 F359,320278,281
Yield11,664 Fc11,725 Fc13,300 Fc13,011 Fc12,271 Fc
Rice, paddy (rice milled equivalent)Production quantity208,827 Fc200,367 Fc175,821 Fc239,666 Fc185,613 Fc
Roots and tubers nesArea harvested5,932 Im5,721 Im5,515 Im5,316 Im5,134 Im
Production quantity45,906 Im45,254 Im44,583 Im43,887 Im43,401 Im
Yield77,387 Fc79,102 Fc80,840 Fc82,556 Fc84,536 Fc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested811,190 A783,328 A739,141 A750,421 A740,016 A
Production quantity9,592,352 A9,165,328 A8,352,196 A8,289,704 A8,091,115 A
Yield118,250 Fc117,005 Fc112,999 Fc110,467 Fc109,337 Fc
Rubber, naturalArea harvested60,304 Im56,558 Im61,005 Im56,271 Im55,771 Im
Production quantity50,521 Im48,200 *53,000 *50,000 *52,000 *
Yield8,378 Fc8,522 Fc8,688 Fc8,886 Fc9,324 Fc
Seed cottonArea harvested250,000 *240,000 *185,000 *224,000 *220,000 *
Production quantity322,464 Im311,000 F291,000 F293,000 F323,000 F
Yield12,899 Fc12,958 Fc15,730 Fc13,080 Fc14,682 Fc
Sesame seedArea harvested54,000 *54,000 *50,000 *52,12047,848
Production quantity70,000 *70,000 *65,000 *68,42260,984
Yield12,963 Fc12,963 Fc13,000 Fc13,128 Fc12,745 Fc
SorghumArea harvested729,651 Im729,195 Im732,993 Im730,652 Im725,178 Im
Production quantity1,216,926 Im1,200,000 F1,190,000 F1,170,000 F1,160,000 F
Yield16,678 Fc16,457 Fc16,235 Fc16,013 Fc15,996 Fc
SoybeansArea harvested15,957 Im15,270 Im19,580 Im17,86116,035
Production quantity23,058 Im21,265 Im27,145 Im24,55821,405
Yield14,450 Fc13,926 Fc13,864 Fc13,750 Fc13,349 Fc
Sugar caneArea harvested135,814 Im135,815 Im135,816 Im135,817 Im135,912 Im
Production quantity1,285,769 Im1,287,274 Im1,288,779 Im1,290,284 Im1,281,036 Im
Yield94,671 Fc94,781 Fc94,892 Fc95,002 Fc94,255 Fc
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvested135,814 A135,815 A135,816 A135,817 A135,912 A
Production quantity1,285,769 A1,287,274 A1,288,779 A1,290,284 A1,281,036 A
Yield94,671 Fc94,781 Fc94,892 Fc95,002 Fc94,255 Fc
Sweet potatoesArea harvested85,953 Im81,822 Im81,917 Im71,88665,948
Production quantity495,177 Im466,449 Im484,049 Im440,012391,905
Yield57,610 Fc57,008 Fc59,090 Fc61,210 Fc59,426 Fc
Taro (cocoyam)Area harvested230,760 Im221,966 Im224,265 Im241,510235,295
Production quantity1,909,738 Im1,881,353 Im1,821,617 Im1,803,6671,757,249
Yield82,759 Fc84,759 Fc81,226 Fc74,683 Fc74,683 Fc
TeaArea harvested2,157 Im2,138 Im2,118 Im2,099 Im2,090 Im
Production quantity5,898 Im5,821 Im5,745 Im5,668 Im5,631 Im
Yield27,344 Fc27,226 Fc27,125 Fc27,003 Fc26,943 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvested4,182 Im4,146 Im4,109 Im4,071 Im4,132 Im
Production quantity6,819 Im6,685 Im6,551 Im6,417 Im6,531 Im
Yield16,306 Fc16,124 Fc15,943 Fc15,763 Fc15,806 Fc
TomatoesArea harvested101,459 Im94,904 Im99,894 Im92,62682,370
Production quantity1,215,466 Im1,177,297 Im1,284,864 Im1,182,1141,020,601
Yield119,799 Fc124,051 Fc128,623 Fc127,622 Fc123,904 Fc
Treenuts, TotalArea harvested946 A905 A820 A941 A1,069 A
Production quantity971 A929 A844 A962 A1,086 A
Yield10,264 Fc10,265 Fc10,293 Fc10,223 Fc10,159 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested764,725 A735,347 A756,023 A715,064 A659,384 A
Production quantity3,107,164 A3,038,488 A3,132,902 A2,959,536 A2,726,840 A
Yield40,631 Fc41,320 Fc41,439 Fc41,388 Fc41,354 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested68,679 Im69,160 Im69,660 Im70,180 Im72,298 Im
Production quantity805,580 Im795,851 Im786,123 Im776,394 Im777,812 Im
Yield117,296 Fc115,074 Fc112,851 Fc110,629 Fc107,584 Fc
WatermelonsArea harvested6,432 Im5,320 Im3,490 Im3,1822,908
Production quantity80,236 Im79,603 Im75,893 Im73,79370,907
Yield124,745 Fc149,630 Fc217,458 Fc231,908 Fc243,834 Fc
WheatArea harvested651 Im639 Im639 Im639 Im638 Im
Production quantity866 Im850 F850 F850 F850 F
Yield13,303 Fc13,302 Fc13,302 Fc13,302 Fc13,323 Fc
YamsArea harvested60,057 Im58,694 Im57,774 Im56,36554,321
Production quantity685,426 Im676,261 Im648,577 Im624,881602,228
Yield114,129 Fc115,218 Fc112,261 Fc110,863 Fc110,865 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
* = Unofficial figure
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
F = FAO estimate
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea9,750 Fm9,750 Fm9,750 Fm9,750 Fm9,750 Fm
AgricultureArea9,750 Fc9,750 Fc9,750 Fc9,750 Fc9,750 Fc
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area1 I1 I0 I0 I0 I
Arable landArea6,200 Fm6,200 Fm6,200 Fm6,200 Fm6,200 Fm
Country areaArea47,544 Fm47,544 Fm47,544 Fm47,544 Fm47,544 Fm
CroplandArea7,750 Fm7,750 Fm7,750 Fm7,750 Fm7,750 Fm
Cropland area under organic agric.Area1 I1 I0 Fc
Forest landArea20,452 Q20,508 Q20,564 Q20,620 Q20,676 Fm
Inland watersArea273 Fm273 Fm273 Fm273 Fm273 Fm
Land areaArea47,271 Fm47,271 Fm47,271 Fm47,271 Fm47,271 Fm
Land area equipped for irrigationArea29 Fm29 Fm29 Fm29 Fm29 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea2,000 Fm2,000 Fm2,000 Fm2,000 Fm2,000 Fm
Land under permanent cropsArea1,550 Fm1,550 Fm1,550 Fm1,550 Fm1,550 Fm
Naturally regenerating forestArea20,395 Q20,453 Q20,511 Q20,569 Q20,627 Fm
Other landArea17,069 Fc17,013 Fc16,957 Fc16,901 Fc16,845 Fc
Planted ForestArea57 Q55 Q53 Q51 Q49 Fm
Primary ForestArea0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm
Agriculture area certified organicArea0 I0 I0 I
Cropland area certified organicArea0 Fc
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc.
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.