Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Chile

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Datasheet

Chile

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 18,952,038 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 15,010 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 284,503.97 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 282,318.16 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 3.54 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
yellow head virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Present, LocalizedBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2009); Sepúlveda Chavera et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma)PresentGajardo et al. (2009); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresentSchotman (1989); OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)PresentFacundo et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginaleAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Hepatobacter penaeiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (citrus greening)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Absent, Never occurredBradbury (1986); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive)PresentCABI (Undated); Pinto de Torres and Carreño Ibañez (1983); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (bacterial canker of kiwifruit)Present, Few occurrencesCABI/EPPO (2012); Ferrante and Scortichini (2015); Sawada et al. (2016); Flores et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO (2022); Vasconez et al. (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella AbortusequiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaVibrio parahaemolyticusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, Few occurrencesBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)Absent, EradicatedCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensisPresent, Few occurrencesIntroducedCrosson et al. (2014); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
BacteriaSpirochaetesLeptospira interrogansPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveJaramillo et al. (2015); Asprey et al. (1964); Montecino et al. (2014); Montecino et al. (2016)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces invadansAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); Larach et al. (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora kernoviaePresent, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); Sanfuentes et al. (2014); Sanfuentes et al. (2016);
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentMellado Z. et al. (1994); CABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBotryotinia porri (Botrytis rot of garlic)Present, LocalizedIPPC (2006)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast)PresentIntroducedNarváez Alonso (1999)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiaporthe eres (apple leaf, branch and fruit fungus)PresentLombard et al. (2014)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSepúlveda R. et al. (1993)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiplodia seriata (grapevine trunk disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (2005); Valencia et al. (2015); Besoain et al. (2019); Diaz et al. (2019)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe plataniPresentCABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (Fusarium wilt)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)Present, LocalizedWingfield et al. (2002); Jacobs et al. (2007); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella gibsonii (needle blight of pine)PresentSullivan (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)Present, LocalizedIPPC (2006)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker)PresentIntroducedAnon (1947); Butin and Peredo (1986); Valdivieso and Luisi (1987); Valdivieso et al. (1988); Barnes et al. (2001); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentPunithalingham and Waterston (1970); CABI (Undated); Herb IMI (undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresent, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCiesla (2003); Bergeron et al. (2011); Li DaPeng et al. (2015)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaArmillaria limoneaAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Singer (1969)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaArmillaria novae-zelandiaePresentNativeSinger (1969)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, WidespreadCIMMYT (1988); Hacke E. (1992)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Present, LocalizedGonzalez and Montealegre (1981); CABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaThecaphora solani (potato smut)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveFajardo (1975); UK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)Present, LocalizedSolís et al. (2010)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedZicsi and Csuzdi (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentEPPO (2022); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops fuchsiae (Fuchsia gall mite)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentSepúlveda-Chavera et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCarter and Winter (1998); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)Absent, EradicatedStone (1942); Enkerlin et al. (1989); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentEbeling (1959); Rose (1990); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969); Starý et al. (1994); Peña et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis melliferaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera tryoni (Queensland fruit fly)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBagrada hilaris (painted bug)Present, LocalizedIntroducedFaúndez et al. (2016); CABI and EPPO (2016); IPPC (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBellardia trixago (bellardia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedFaundez and Carvajal (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentIntroducedTorretta et al. (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus chilensis (Chilean false red mite)PresentNativeGonzález Eodeíguez (1958); Vargas et al. (1998); Gonzalez (2001); Vargas M. et al. (2005); Kitajima et al. (2011); Curkovic et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentIPPC (2010); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus ligneusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Present, Transient under eradicationEPPO (2022); Diaz et al. (1999); IPPC (2007); IPPC (2009); CABI and EPPO (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax cainii (smooth marron)PresentIntroducedLawrence and Jones (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilecomadia valdivianaPresentAngulo and Olivares (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChionaspis pinifoliae (pine leaf scale)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); Claps et al. (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Peña and Altmann (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentIntroducedGonzález (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConoderus rufangulusPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)PresentPrado (1990); CABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)PresentIntroducedJanicki (1911)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina eucalypti (blue gum psyllid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLanfranco and Dungey (2001); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadIntroducedRueda et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentMound and Halsey (1978); International Institute of Entomology (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Present, WidespreadBorchsenius (1966); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer)PresentIntroducedWu et al. (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDipogon lignosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Reed and Kindler (1994); Clua et al. (2004); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Present, LocalizedIPPC (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid)PresentIntroducedCarrillo L. (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEphestia kuehniella (Mediterranean flour moth)PresentIraira et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEssigella californica (Monterey pine aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFuentes-Contreras et al. (1997); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDevotto et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Nakahara (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Marín Sch. and Parra S. (2003); Olivares et al. (2004); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2010); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Grez et al. (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (bollworm)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1961); Prado (1988); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1976); Argyriou (1990); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentMatta V. (1979); Schotman (1989); González and Curkovic S. (1994); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentOlivares and Burckhardt (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Ojeda Gomez (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSchedl (1959); Wood and Bright (1992); Zhou et al. (2004); Mausel et al. (2006); CABI and EPPO (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIllinoia morrisoniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa (blue gum chalcid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWylie and Speight (2012); CPF (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCABI and EPPO (2018); Faundez et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria quadripunctata (gribble)PresentIntroducedAntezana (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Wild (2004); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002); Larraín et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil)Present, WidespreadOlalquiaga F. (1961); Morrone (1993); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (European grapevine moth)PresentIPPC (2015); IPPC (2010); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzocallis boerneriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Smith and Cermeli (1979); UK, CAB International (1979); Fuentes-Contreras et al. (2004); Fenton et al. (2010); Fuentes-Contreras et al. (2013); Rubiano-Rodríguez et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNearctaphis bakeriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)CABI (Undated); Ciesla (1988); Wood and Bright (1992);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)Present, WidespreadWibmer and O'Brien (1986); Prado (1988); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentInvasiveUK, CAB International (1979); González (1983); González (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLarrain (2002); Muniappan (2009); Prishanthini and Vinobaba (2009); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentIntroducedKliejunas et al. (2001); Lanfranco and Dungey (2001); CABI and EPPO (2009); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea absoluta (tomato leafminer)Present, WidespreadVargas (1970); Povolny (1975); Schotman (1989); Salazar and Araya (2001); Larraín S. (2002); Cifuentes et al. (2011); Reyes et al. (2012); CABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1986); FAO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)Present, LocalizedNeira C. et al. (1989); Zúñiga-Reinoso and Mardones (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus boerneri (pine woolly aphid)PresentInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)PresentAbgrall et al. (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999); González (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Salinas (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes dominula (European paper wasp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Elgueta D. (1989); Willink and Chiappa (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus elisae (banana mealybug)PresentTokihiro (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEspinoza Zuñiga et al. (1986); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentTrivelli (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRusselliana solanicolaPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1952); Ben-Dov (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Muñoz G. and Beéche C. (1995); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976); NHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Machuca et al. (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTakecallis taiwanusPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTegenaria domesticaPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIde M. et al. (2011); CABI and EPPO (2017); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)PresentZhang et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022); Essig (1949); CABI and EPPO (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTremex fuscicornis (Tremex wasp)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBaldini (2002); Palma C. et al. (2005); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Estay (1993); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1962); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentOIE (2019); Hinojosa and González (2004); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasivePeña et al. (1976); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWahlgreniella nervataPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWelcomme (1988); Pérez et al. (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAxis axis (Indian spotted deer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCastor canadensis (beaver)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveFlueck et al. (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorella eumyota (orange-tipped sea squirt)PresentNativeLagger et al. (2009); Tatian and Lagger (2009); Alurralde et al. (2013); Monniot (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)Absent, Formerly presentMatus (1998); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Lever (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWelcomme (1988); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFroese and Pauly (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)PresentIntroducedPérez et al. (2003); Iriarte et al. (2005); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGrigera and Rapoport (1983); Bonino et al. (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLycalopex griseus (South American gray fox)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Jaksic et al. (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat)Present, LocalizedIntroducedLong (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedJaksic (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)Present, LocalizedNativeFjeldså and Krabbe (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)Present, LocalizedIntroducedJaksic (1998); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)Present, Localized, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedDíaz-Muñoz et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKraus (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRangifer tarandus (reindeer)Absent, Formerly presentSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus namaycush (lake trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentIntroducedInvasiveJaksic et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); FishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXenopus laevis (African clawed frog)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGalea (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora caspia (freshwater hydroid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCandidula intersecta (wrinkled dune snail)PresentIntroducedHitchcox (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCFIA (2009); Taylor (1914); Solem (1964); Rebolledo et al. (1992); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLetelier et al. (1969); Araya (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentIntroducedAraya (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)Present, WidespreadIntroducedStuardo and Vega (1985); Landler and Nuñez (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMagallana gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Sotomayor and Tapia (1989); Neilson (1998); Chow Fungyi et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Daguin and Borsa (2000); Gérard et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentIntroducedOdhner (1922); Stuardo and Vega (1985); Cádiz et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea bridgesii (spiketop applesnail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedLetelier and Soto-Acuna (2008); Araya (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)PresentBöhm and Aruta (1985); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Present, WidespreadBruna V. and Guinez S. (1980); Lamberti et al. (1988); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedFranco et al. (1998); Skantar et al. (2007); Molinari et al. (2010); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedNativeCubillos and Fernández (1990); Greco and Moreno L (1992); Sullivan et al. (2007); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne ethiopica (Root-knot nematode)PresentNativeInvasiveCarneiro et al. (2004); Martín and Magunacelaya (2005); Carneiro et al. (2007); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne fallax (false Columbia root-knot nematode)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentPhilippi et al. (1996); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Present, WidespreadAllen et al. (1969); CABI and EPPO (1999); Aballay et al. (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentGONZALEZ (1970); Auger et al. (1992); CABI and EPPO (2000); Magunacelaya et al. (2004); Fiore et al. (2008); Aballay et al. (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusPresentOIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusPresentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesGyrodactylus salarisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoidesPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveNeill et al. (2003); Provan et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce)PresentEtcheverry (1960)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum capillus-venerisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentNativeReed (1962); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum appendiculatum (palm fern)PresentNativeDittrich et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum cordatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFuentes et al. (2013); USDA-ARS (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAsparagopsis armata (Harpoon weed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaNeosiphonia harveyiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodieiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia morrowiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia caven (Roman cassie)Present, PlantedAballay and Eriksson (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedCSIRO (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia karroo (sweet thorn)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (coojong)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2007); ISSG (2016); PIER (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcaena ovalifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea ptarmicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDanton et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentNativeJOHNSON (1971)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass)PresentFinot et al. (2015); USDA-ARS (2015); Global Species (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Rugolo Agrasar and Molina (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis castellanaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis scabraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira elegantissimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlisma lanceolatum (Alisma)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium neapolitanum (False onion weed)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium vineale (crow garlic)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentIntroducedSoreng (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlstroemeria aureaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera halimifolia (hairy joyweed)PresentNativeGatica-Castro et al. (2015); Serra et al. (2007); Vargas and Duarte (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum alyssoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentReiche (1911); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus cruentus (red amaranth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Marticorena and Quezada (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentHolm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2016); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia peruviana (Peruvian ragweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Zuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia tenuifolia (lacy ragweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUgarte et al. (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmi visnagaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedRandall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentCABI (Undated); Morton (1987); PIER (2014); Auger et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979); Randall (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); PIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthriscus caucalis (bur chervil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApera interruptaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApium nodiflorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAponogeton distachyosPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAquilegia vulgarisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArmeria maritimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Villanueva (1966); Hafliger and Scholz (1980); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia verlotiorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Chile (2014); Missouri Botanical Garden (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentCABI (Undated); USDA-ARS (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsperugo procumbensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster squamatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex hortensis (garden orache)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex prostrataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex semibaccata (Australian saltbush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex suberecta (peregrine saltbush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex tataricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)Present, LocalizedInvasiveGBIF (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); Madariaga B. and Scharen (1985); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa monnieri (water hyssop)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa tuldoides (punting pole bamboo)PresentIntroducedGuerreiro and Lizarazu (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarbarea vernaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens aureaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentPrado and Nitsche (1989); Seebens et al. (2017); GRIIS (2018); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens subalternansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)PresentNativeOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa saccharoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBougainvillea spectabilis (great bougainvillea)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasivePacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); Díaz and Latorre (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard)PresentIntroducedTeillier et al. (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); USDA-ARS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza minor (small quaking grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus cebadillaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); GBIF (2012); PIER (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus lanceolatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus racemosus (bald brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus scopariusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Royal Botanic Gardens Kew (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus squarrosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia candida (angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalceolaria chelidonioidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalceolaria tripartitaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula arvensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalystegia soldanellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina alyssumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentFAO (2009);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus chilensis (sea fig)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)PresentIntroducedGISP (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCascabela thevetia (yellow oleander)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); ILDIS (2014); Vascular Plants of Antioquia (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatapodium rigidumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea jacea (brown knapweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensis (Maltese starthistle)PresentIntroducedMarticorena and Quezada (1985); Negrete et al. (1989); Finot et al. (1996); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurium pulchellumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum parqui (Chilean jessamine)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Witt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaemelum mixtumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1977); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium carnosulumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucum (Oak-leaved goosefoot)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium hircinumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium multifidumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium vulvariaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris gayana (Rhodes grass)PresentIntroducedMolina and Rúgolo de Agrasar (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris radiataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrozophora tinctoriaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemoides monilifera (boneseed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum segetumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979); Finot S. et al. (1996); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus verticillata (possum grape vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome gynandraPresentIntroducedKuhn (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower)PresentIntroducedWaterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedGovaerts et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColeostephus myconisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015); USDA-ARS (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1977); Díaz and Latorre (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentNativeFinot et al. (1996); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia jubata (purple pampas grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster franchetii (orange cotoneaster)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotula coronopifolia (brassbuttons)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis capillaris (smooth hawksbeard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis pulchraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis setosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDanton et al. (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCroton argenteus (silver July croton)PresentNativeGovaerts (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea hyssopifolia (false heather)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBelov (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbalaria muralis (Kenilworth ivy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Zuloaga et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGBIF (2016); ISSG (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2014); Holm et al. (1979); Aballay and Eriksson (2006); Díaz and Latorre (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum creticumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynosurus echinatus (hedgehog dogtailgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus alternifolius (Umbrella flatsedge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBelov (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus eragrostis (Tall flatsedge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedSánchez-Zapata et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeMolur (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1977); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus squarrosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)Present, Widespread, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Belov (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus striatus (striated broom)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Fuentes et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus carota (carrot)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Rodríguez et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); GBIF (2016); USDA-ARS (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus armeria (Deptford pink)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria aequiglumisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2008); Clayton et al. (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ischaemumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFinot S. et al. (2000); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria violascens (violet crabgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDraba verna (spring whitlowgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDanton et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Chile (2014); Holm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2014); Holm et al. (1991); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-pavonis (gulf cockspur grass)PresentNativeTropicos (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Cook and Urmi-König (1984); Lagos et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta calycina (perennial veldtgrass)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, LocalizedGopal (1987); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)PresentIntroducedLoewe M. and González O. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Chile (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine tristachyaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium brachycarpumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium obscurumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Clayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLeuschner (1996); Danton et al. (2006); Instituto de Botánica Darwinion (2009); Atkinson and Sawyer (2011); Pruski (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveDanton et al. (2006); Montealegre et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); PIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium malacoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEscallonia rubraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus cladocalyx (sugar gum)Present, PlantedIntroducedJayawickrama et al. (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus sideroxylon (black ironbark)Present, PlantedIntroducedJayawickrama et al. (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedTeillier et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia falcataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentNativePIER (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia maculataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplus (petty spurge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia platyphyllosPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia terracina (false caper)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEustachys retusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1977); Holm et al. (1979); Holm et al. (1991); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Saldaña et al. (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentIntroducedInvasiveeMonocot (2016); PIER (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Weber (2003); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentWeber (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentDarrow (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria agrariaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria capreolataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis tetrahitPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)Present, WidespreadFinot S. et al. (1996); Russo et al. (2001); I3N-Chile (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium divaricatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium muralePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium tricornutumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGastridium phleoides (nit grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveBurkart (1952); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeoffroea decorticans (Chilean palo verde)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveWickens (1993); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium dissectum (cutleaf geranium)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium molle (dovefoot geranium)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium purpureumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeum quellyonPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)PresentIntroducedWAC (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria fluitansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGnaphalium luteoalbum (Jersey cudweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGossypium barbadense (Gallini cotton)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); PIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb)PresentNativeMarticorena and Quezada (1985); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHainardia cylindricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)PresentIntroducedInvasivePauchard and Alaback (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedypnois creticaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium amplexicaulePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Ibáñez et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum (salt heliotrope)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedMissouri Botanical Garden (2015); USDA-ARS (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHesperis matronalis (damesrocket)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2015); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); Missouri Botanical Garden (2013); USDA-ARS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum jubatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum marinum (seaside barley)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum pubiflorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum secalinumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocleys nymphoides (water poppy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2004); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum androsaemumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); PIER (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris glabra (smooth cat's ear)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); USDA-NRCS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (busy lizzy)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentNativePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea cairica (five-fingered morning glory)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGRIIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Belov (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentGovaerts (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)Present, WidespreadNativeCSIRO (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus bufoniusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); Kirschner (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus planifolius (broadleaf rush)PresentNativeMarticorena and Quezada (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe blossfeldiana (flaming katy)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDanton et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKickxia elatinePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKnautia integrifolaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca salignaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagurus ovatus (hare's tail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamarckia aureaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLapsana communis (nipplewort)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeontodon saxatilis (lesser hawkbit)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium bonariensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)Present, Few occurrencesHolm et al. (1991); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium heterophyllumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018); PIER (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2007); Vargas and Mundaca (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus arenariusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum japonicum (Japanese privet)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Heap (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDanton et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus angustissimusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Raven (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentNativeZardini et al. (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peruviana (primrose willow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus angustifolius (narrow-leaf lupin)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Zuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMeier et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLychnis coronaria (rose campion)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLycopus europaeus (European water horehound)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum hyssopifolium (hyssop loosestrife)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum maritimum (pukamole)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Ugarte et al. (2011); Fuentes et al. (2013); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMadia sativaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva moschataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva neglecta (common mallow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestrisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Díaz and Latorre (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva verticillataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Weiss et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatricaria perforata (false chamomile)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatthiola longipetalaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago monspeliacaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); PIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha suaveolensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesembryanthemum crystallinum (crystalline iceplant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Adams et al. (1998); Agarie et al. (2009); Madrigal-González et al. (2013); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrolaena stipoides (meadow rice grass, meadow ricegrass)PresentMarticorena and Quezada (1985); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus cupreusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Tropicos (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMisopates orontiumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaModiola caroliniana (Carolina bristlemallow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis arvensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis discolor (changing forget-me-not)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis latifolia (broadleaf forget-me-not)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis palustris (True forget-me-not)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis strictaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentSteubing et al. (1980); Orchard (1981); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedCABI (Undated); Jardín San Francisco (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella neesiana (Chilean needlegrass)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella tenuissima (Mexican feather grass)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass)PresentNativeMcLaren et al. (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNerium oleander (oleander)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); Smithsonian Museum of Natural History (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); Fuentes-Contreras et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum (African basil)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera biennis (common evening primrose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera glazioviana (redsepal evening-primrose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera roseaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. europaea (European olive)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOmphalodes linifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Matthei and Marticorena (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithopus compressusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Kogan (1994); Galdames and Diaz (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis articulataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis pes-caprae (Bermuda buttercup)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver dubiumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver hybridumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParapholis incurvaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParapholis strigosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Matthei and Marticorena (1987); Randall (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParietaria judaicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentDale (1981); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentNativePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentNativeInvasiveChase (1929); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018); GBIF (2012); Missouri Botanical Garden (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFirko and Podleckis (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentNativeKillip (1938); Dendinagi (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tripartita var. mollissima (banana passionfruit)PresentFriesen et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Nitsche M. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)PresentWeber (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum villosum (longstyle feather grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria maculosa (redshank)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); Pedreros et al. (2002); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia dubia (hairypink)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia proliferaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentFinot and Pedreros (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentIntroducedKew (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm)PresentSepúlveda et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveChileflora (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeInvasiveRamirez G. and Anazco R. (1982); Holm et al. (1991); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyla canescens (lippia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)PresentIntroducedSoreng et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentInvasivePIER (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis pubescensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine)PresentIntroducedInvasivePeña et al. (2008); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveCABI (2005); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine)Present, Widespread, PlantedIntroducedWingfield et al. (2002); Seebens et al. (2017); Zapata (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiptatherum miliaceum (smilograss)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Cooper (1956); IABIN (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-NRCS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979); Ramírez G. et al. (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1991); I3N-Chile (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa flabellataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa infirmaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa trivialis (rough-stalked meadow grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon maritimusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon viridis (water bent)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)Present, PlantedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Pizarro (1966); Díaz and Latorre (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla reptans (sulfur cinquefoil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGodoy et al. (2011); WCSP (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPseudogynoxys chenopodioides (Mexican flamevine)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPyracantha coccinea (scarlet firethorn)PresentIntroducedGladieux et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus cymbalariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus muricatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus parviflorusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1991); Díaz and Latorre (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus sativus (radish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda odorataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda phyteumaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRostraria cristataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Chile Flora (2009); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex conglomeratusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex cristatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex longifolius (Yard dock)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex pulcherPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuta chalepensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina apetalaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina procumbensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix humboldtiana (pencil willow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalpichroa origanifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalpiglossis sinuataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015); USDA-ARS (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamolus valerandiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia speciosa (shrubby whitevein)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAtkinson and Sawyer (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaxifraga umbrosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScandix pecten-venerisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present, PlantedFernandes et al. (2014); Vargas (2014); Vargas et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentIntroducedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Fuentes et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus barbatus (common Mediterranean grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizanthus pinnatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchkuhria pinnataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenoplectus mucronatus (ricefield bulrush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScolymus hispanicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia auriculataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum acrePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio angulatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio sylvaticus (woodland groundsel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresent, WidespreadIntroducedFinot S. et al. (1996); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedIrwin and Barneby (1982); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentNativePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesuvium portulacastrumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUgarte et al. (2011); Holm et al. (1979); Pensiero (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSherardia arvensis (field madder)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene vulgaris (bladder campion)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAmor (1978); Holm et al. (1979); Boyd et al. (1984); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium (sticky nightshade)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Ugarte et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentUSDA-ARS (2014); Peña et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisPresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2010); GBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDanton et al. (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Johow (1896); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus tenerrimus (field sowthistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina densifloraPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017); Castro et al. (2005); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia bocconeiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia marinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia rubraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus indicus (rat tail grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus virginicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2014); PIER (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria pallida (common chickweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentNativeInvasiveVallejo (1980); Holm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Pizarro (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeesdalia nudicaulisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); Reiche and Philippi (1898); Ugarte et al. (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Mexican sunflower)Present, LocalizedIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTolpis barbataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTorilis arvensis (spreading hedgeparsley)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTorilis nodosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium aureum (hop clover)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium cernuumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium glomeratumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium striatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium suffocatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTropaeolum majus (common nasturtium)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTropaeolum polyphyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2007); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrospermum picroidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWeigend and Luebert (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1997); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVachellia macracantha (porknut)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2016); Vargas et al. (2015); ILDIS (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaValerianella eriocarpaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaValerianella rimosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); ISSG (2014); Missouri Botanical Garden (2014); USDA-ARS (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum virgatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena bonariensis (clusterflower vervain)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena brasiliensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Ugarte et al. (2011); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica beccabunga (European speedwell)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica chamaedrysPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica officinalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia parvifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVinca major (Big periwinkle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia muralisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); Fuentes et al. (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWaltheria indicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentNativePIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHEAR (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentNativeGradstein and Sipman (1978); Frahm (1975)
EukaryotaProtistaParamyxeaMarteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia exitiosaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia ostreaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus olseniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiPresent, LocalizedIntroducedDesquesnes (2004); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusavian metapneumovirusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentCubillos et al. (1979)
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentRamirez (1990)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine leukemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusepizootic haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus)PresentAuger (1994); Engel et al. (2008); Fiore et al. (2008); Fiore et al. (2011)
VirusHaliotid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfectious myonecrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfectious salmon anemia virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusinfluenza A virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)PresentIntroducedRosales et al. (2005); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusMacrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentYossen et al. (1988); CABI and EPPO (2003)
Virusmyxoma virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
VirusNewcastle disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusNipah virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusPepino mosaic virusPresent, LocalizedPospieszny et al. (2007); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusPlantago asiatica mosaic virusPresentVidal et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Present, WidespreadRoy and Smith (1994); Herrera et al. (1998); Rosales et al. (1998); CABI and EPPO (2007); Fiore et al. (2010); EPPO (2022)
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2014)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusrabies virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018);
Virusred sea bream iridovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusStrawberry vein banding virus (vein banding of strawberry)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentCABI (Undated)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusTomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (tomato spotted wilt)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1978); EPPO (2022)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusWest Nile virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusWhite spot syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
abalone viral ganglioneuritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
acarapisosis of honey beesPresentOIE (2019); EPPO (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
actinomycosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
acute hepatopancreatic necrosis diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
American foul broodPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
anthraxPresentOIE (2019); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); OIE (1997); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian adenoviruses infectionsPresent, WidespreadCubillos et al. (1986); Hidalgo O. et al. (1994); Toro et al. (1999)
avian chlamydiosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian infectious bronchitisPresentOIE (2019); Celedon and Gomez (1976); Toro et al. (1989); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian influenzaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
avian leukosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian trichomoniasisPresentToro et al. (1999)
avipoxPresentCubillos et al. (1979)
babesiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bacterial kidney diseasePresentSanders and Barros R. M. J. (1986)
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
blacklegPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetongueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); Tamayo et al. (1985); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bonamiosis (Bonamia exitiosa)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bonamiosis (Bonamia ostreae)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Borrelia anserina infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
botulismAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine babesiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine parainfluenza 3 infectionPresent, WidespreadRiedemann et al. (1996)
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infectionPresentRiedemann et al. (1996)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BP virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE (2019); López et al. (1998); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)PresentOIE (2019); Tamayo et al. (1989); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2000); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
caseous lymphadenitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
chicken anaemiaPresentToro et al. (1994)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
ChytridiomycosisPresent, LocalizedSolís et al. (2010)
classical swine feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
coccidiosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious agalactiaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious ophthalmiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
crayfish plagueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Denman island diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dourineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck virus hepatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EchinococcusPresentOIE (2009)
Echinococcus granulosusPresentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Echinococcus multilocularisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
enteric redmouth diseasePresentEnríquez and Zamora (1987); CABI (Undated)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
epitheliocystisPresentCarvajal et al. (1990)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic ulcerative syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine coital exanthemaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine infectious anaemiaPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
equine influenzaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine piroplasmosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine viral arteritisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Escherichia coli infectionsPresentPinochet et al. (1989); Borie et al. (1997); Borie et al. (1997); Zamora et al. (1999)
European foul broodPresentOIE (2020); Schotman (1989); OIE (2020)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
fowl choleraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowl typhoidAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
fowlpoxPresentToro et al. (1997); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Fusobacterium necrophorum infectionsPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
glandersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
hepatitis E virus infectionPresent, WidespreadIbarra V et al. (2007)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infection with Marteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infection with Perkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infection with Perkinsus olseniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Infection with salmonid alphavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious coryzaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); CABI (Undated)
infectious myonecrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious salmon anaemiaPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020); CABI (Undated)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
koi herpesvirus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
leishmaniosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
leptospirosisPresentOIE (2009)
listeriosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
malignant catarrhal feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Marek's diseasePresentOIE (2009)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
myxomatosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
necrotizing hepatopancreatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
neosporosisPresentPatitucci et al. (1999)
Newcastle diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
oomycete infections in fishPresentZaror et al. (2004)
paratuberculosisPresentWhittington et al. (2019); Zamora et al. (1975); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
piscirickettsiosisPresentFryer et al. (1990); Garcés et al. (1991); Gaggero et al. (1995)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
pullorum diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
pulmonary adenomatosisPresentSchultz et al. (1965); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rabiesPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018);
Ranavirus infection in amphibiansAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultryPresent, LocalizedBerríos E. et al. (1988)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2PresentOIE (2020)
sheep and goat poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
small hive beetle infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
spherical baculovirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
spring viraemia of carpAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
stranglesPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
surraPresent, LocalizedIntroducedDesquesnes (2004); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
swine dysenteryAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
swine erysipelasPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Taura syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
theileriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
toxoplasmosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
TrichinellaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
trichomonosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
trypanosomosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
tuberculosisPresentOIE (2019)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsentOIE (2018); Toro et al. (1998); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE (2019); Hinojosa and González (2004); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
viral erythrocytic necrosisPresentReyes and Campalans (1987)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
visna/maediAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
white spot diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
white tail diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Xenohaliotis californiensis infectionPresent, Few occurrencesIntroducedCrosson et al. (2014); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
yellow head diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
Almonds, with shellArea harvested8,8678,8638,3418,1138,089
Production quantity38,950 Im37,699 Im34,316 Im32,248 Im31,709 Im
Yield43,927 Fc42,535 Fc41,141 Fc39,749 Fc39,200 Fc
ApplesArea harvested32,37134,42735,93736,06336,206
Production quantity1,621,321 Im1,700,065 Im1,749,037 Im1,730,081 Im1,710,319 Im
Yield500,856 Fc493,817 Fc486,695 Fc479,739 Fc472,386 Fc
ApricotsArea harvested664665753887886
Production quantity5,868 Im5,873 Im6,654 Im7,842 Im7,984 Im
Yield88,373 Fc88,316 Fc88,367 Fc88,410 Fc90,113 Fc
ArtichokesArea harvested1,4331,6071,4641,4981,342
Production quantity10,926 Im12,249 Im11,161 Im11,413 Im10,235 Im
Yield76,246 Fc76,223 Fc76,236 Fc76,188 Fc76,267 Fc
AsparagusArea harvested2,1021,9211,7661,9571,907
Production quantity11,767 Im10,654 Im9,705 Im10,663 Im10,409 Im
Yield55,980 Fc55,461 Fc54,955 Fc54,486 Fc54,583 Fc
AvocadosArea harvested29,22429,16630,07829,93329,908
Production quantity162,988 Im170,013 Im200,000 F179,000 F160,000 F
Yield55,772 Fc58,292 Fc66,494 Fc59,800 Fc53,497 Fc
BarleyArea harvested28,60525,88613,57418,3308,809
Production quantity210,890170,65295,482108,26949,574
Yield73,725 Fc65,924 Fc70,342 Fc59,067 Fc56,277 Fc
Bastfibres, otherArea harvested10,195 Im10,315 Im10,431 Im10,545 Im10,657 Im
Production quantity8,275 Im8,483 Im8,691 Im8,899 Im9,169 Im
Yield8,117 Fc8,224 Fc8,332 Fc8,439 Fc8,604 Fc
Beans, dryArea harvested10,2489,72311,54511,17413,685
Production quantity17,08414,25217,44218,02414,888
Yield16,671 Fc14,658 Fc15,108 Fc16,130 Fc10,879 Fc
Beans, greenArea harvested2,6322,7132,6722,4752,277
Production quantity44,868 Im44,699 Im42,497 Im37,956 Im33,191 Im
Yield170,471 Fc164,759 Fc159,046 Fc153,358 Fc145,766 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested2,2612,2172,0301,7191,598
Production quantity54,398 Im53,717 Im49,536 Im42,225 Im39,589 Im
Yield240,593 Fc242,296 Fc244,020 Fc245,637 Fc247,741 Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea harvested3,9523,6273,4903,1943,201
Production quantity184,866 Im167,530 Im159,099 Im143,616 Im141,513 Im
Yield467,778 Fc461,897 Fc455,871 Fc449,643 Fc442,090 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea harvested1,8691,8321,5401,2521,230
Production quantity31,070 Im31,197 Im26,838 Im22,324 Im22,589 Im
Yield166,239 Fc170,289 Fc174,273 Fc178,307 Fc183,650 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested460,188 A512,172 A511,951 A564,637 A534,984 A
Production quantity3,294,601 A3,660,198 A3,471,449 A3,872,403 A3,788,922 A
Yield71,593 Fc71,464 Fc67,808 Fc68,582 Fc70,823 Fc
CherriesArea harvested38,39230,17925,10924,49820,591
Production quantity233,929 Im228,000 F120,000 F155,000 F117,000 F
Yield60,932 Fc75,549 Fc47,792 Fc63,270 Fc56,821 Fc
Cherries, sourArea harvested412121761
Production quantity74 Im300 F186 Im233 Im738 Im
Yield185,000 Fc250,000 Fc155,000 Fc137,059 Fc120,984 Fc
ChestnutArea harvested1,2639609601,299473
Production quantity2,848 Im2,111 Im2,056 Im2,914 Im1,049 Im
Yield22,549 Fc21,990 Fc21,417 Fc22,433 Fc22,178 Fc
Chick peasArea harvested897780275409254
Production quantity284654245364137
Yield3,166 Fc8,385 Fc8,909 Fc8,900 Fc5,394 Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea harvested763789714522480
Production quantity58,706 Im57,525 Im49,178 Im33,808 Im28,873 Im
Yield769,410 Fc729,087 Fc688,768 Fc647,663 Fc601,521 Fc
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvested20,968 A20,942 A19,235 A17,858 A17,617 A
Production quantity496,825 A491,433 A427,828 A394,998 A370,050 A
Yield236,944 Fc234,664 Fc222,422 Fc221,188 Fc210,053 Fc
CranberriesArea harvested18,37315,81515,70715,80114,573
Production quantity141,338 Im119,000 F95,000 F116,000 F93,000 F
Yield76,927 Fc75,245 Fc60,483 Fc73,413 Fc63,817 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea harvested1,682 Im1,656 Im1,631 Im1,606 Im1,578 Im
Production quantity38,227 Im37,621 Im37,014 Im36,407 Im35,660 Im
Yield227,271 Fc227,180 Fc226,941 Fc226,694 Fc225,982 Fc
CurrantsArea harvested110 Im9 Im8 Im7 Im
Production quantity3 Im52 Im60 Im68 Im77 Im
Yield30,000 Fc52,000 Fc66,667 Fc85,000 Fc110,000 Fc
Fibre crops nesProduction quantity1,838 Im1,830 Im1,822 Im1,814 Im1,815 Im
Fibre Crops PrimaryArea harvested17,413 A17,519 A17,626 A17,740 A17,857 A
Production quantity17,479 A17,641 A17,809 A17,985 A18,229 A
Yield10,038 Fc10,070 Fc10,104 Fc10,138 Fc10,208 Fc
FigsArea harvested6567113104107
Production quantity104 Im140 F180 Im163 Im164 Im
Yield16,000 Fc20,896 Fc15,929 Fc15,673 Fc15,327 Fc
Flax fibre and towArea harvested2,837 Im2,812 Im2,786 Im2,762 Im2,729 Im
Production quantity3,201 Im3,152 Im3,103 Im3,056 Im2,991 Im
Yield11,283 Fc11,209 Fc11,138 Fc11,064 Fc10,960 Fc
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested398,259 A386,486 A384,955 A386,360 A385,601 A
Production quantity6,738,751 A6,860,305 A6,306,234 A6,404,256 A6,548,693 A
Yield169,205 Fc177,505 Fc163,817 Fc165,759 Fc169,831 Fc
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvested2,854 Im2,824 Im2,794 Im2,764 Im2,736 Im
Production quantity14,952 Im14,816 Im14,680 Im14,543 Im14,449 Im
Yield52,390 Fc52,465 Fc52,541 Fc52,616 Fc52,811 Fc
GarlicArea harvested1,5561,5161,5291,2921,097
Production quantity21,097 Im19,948 Im19,498 Im15,961 Im13,025 Im
Yield135,585 Fc131,583 Fc127,521 Fc123,537 Fc118,733 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area harvested272272262219215
Production quantity957 Im1,023 Im1,053 Im960 Im1,003 Im
Yield35,184 Fc37,610 Fc40,191 Fc43,836 Fc46,651 Fc
GrapesArea harvested195,357193,647192,821194,456199,027
Production quantity2,701,5882,828,0212,383,0952,478,7802,842,135
Yield138,290 Fc146,040 Fc123,591 Fc127,473 Fc142,801 Fc
Hazelnuts, with shellArea harvested24,43713,10413,11013,1098,712
Production quantity35,000 F20,330 F16,800 F14,250 F8,750 F
Yield14,323 Fc15,514 Fc12,815 Fc10,870 Fc10,044 Fc
Hemp tow wasteArea harvested4,381 Im4,392 Im4,409 Im4,433 Im4,471 Im
Production quantity4,165 Im4,176 Im4,193 Im4,216 Im4,254 Im
Yield9,507 Fc9,508 Fc9,510 Fc9,510 Fc9,515 Fc
HempseedArea harvested3,323 Im3,056 Im2,823 Im2,620 Im2,430 Im
Production quantity1,539 Im1,522 Im1,505 Im1,488 Im1,478 Im
Yield4,631 Fc4,980 Fc5,331 Fc5,679 Fc6,082 Fc
Kiwi fruitArea harvested7,5958,6798,7208,8669,717
Production quantity177,206 Im200,193 Im198,817 Im204,943 Im171,597 Im
Yield233,319 Fc230,664 Fc228,001 Fc231,156 Fc176,595 Fc
Lemons and limesArea harvested6,6556,6136,3865,9935,905
Production quantity172,117 Im170,000 F165,000 F155,000 F154,500 F
Yield258,628 Fc257,069 Fc258,378 Fc258,635 Fc261,643 Fc
LentilsArea harvested1,7312,4201,540924942
Production quantity1,4001,8491,153788398
Yield8,088 Fc7,640 Fc7,487 Fc8,528 Fc4,225 Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea harvested6,4767,1366,5196,2376,273
Production quantity88,034 Im97,048 Im88,691 Im84,889 Im85,518 Im
Yield135,939 Fc135,998 Fc136,050 Fc136,105 Fc136,327 Fc
LinseedArea harvested4,157 Im3,678 Im3,289 Im2,967 Im2,652 Im
Production quantity1,373 Im1,355 Im1,338 Im1,320 Im1,305 Im
Yield3,303 Fc3,684 Fc4,068 Fc4,449 Fc4,921 Fc
LupinsArea harvested21,28024,96819,74013,25511,081
Production quantity45,60645,45345,43627,50720,562
Yield21,431 Fc18,205 Fc23,017 Fc20,752 Fc18,556 Fc
MaizeArea harvested80,42889,05894,668101,740125,200
Production quantity973,1781,110,6081,062,5891,174,4871,538,755
Yield121,000 Fc124,706 Fc112,244 Fc115,440 Fc122,904 Fc
Maize, greenArea harvested10,1519,8999,54110,0099,209
Production quantity145,916 Im142,750 Im138,028 Im145,263 Im134,719 Im
Yield143,745 Fc144,206 Fc144,668 Fc145,132 Fc146,291 Fc
Melons, other (inc.cantaloupes)Area harvested3,0913,1422,6943,2792,949
Production quantity39,684 Im40,780 Im35,354 Im43,563 Im39,876 Im
Yield128,386 Fc129,790 Fc131,232 Fc132,855 Fc135,219 Fc
Nuts nesArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
OatsArea harvested74,617107,528136,818107,80590,449
Production quantity384,922571,471713,102533,080421,048
Yield51,586 Fc53,146 Fc52,120 Fc49,449 Fc46,551 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested80,825 A91,921 A81,082 A81,410 A77,920 A
Production quantity318,502 A356,959 A326,367 A331,300 A328,813 A
Yield39,406 Fc38,833 Fc40,251 Fc40,695 Fc42,199 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested58,874 A69,711 A59,178 A61,067 A57,699 A
Production quantity115,031 A137,613 A116,794 A130,066 A124,774 A
Yield19,538 Fc19,741 Fc19,736 Fc21,299 Fc21,625 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested80,825 A91,921 A81,082 A81,410 A77,920 A
Production quantity100,729 A115,480 A103,360 A107,438 A105,625 A
Yield12,463 Fc12,563 Fc12,748 Fc13,197 Fc13,556 Fc
OlivesArea harvested21,95122,21021,90420,34320,221
Production quantity126,071 Im126,000 F129,570 F114,225 F120,075 F
Yield57,433 Fc56,731 Fc59,154 Fc56,150 Fc59,381 Fc
Onions, dryArea harvested7,9197,6627,3257,2426,510
Production quantity378,787 Im366,859 Im351,051 Im347,406 Im313,287 Im
Yield478,327 Fc478,803 Fc479,251 Fc479,710 Fc481,240 Fc
OrangesArea harvested6,2446,2636,6596,7666,686
Production quantity133,800 Im140,000 F137,025 Im135,738 Im130,747 Im
Yield214,286 Fc223,535 Fc205,774 Fc200,618 Fc195,553 Fc
PapayasArea harvested151139155164164
Production quantity2,381 Im2,209 Im2,478 Im2,638 Im2,656 Im
Yield157,682 Fc158,921 Fc159,871 Fc160,854 Fc161,951 Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea harvested15,65115,75516,27416,83516,880
Production quantity330,232 Im328,111 Im334,458 Im341,377 Im338,567 Im
Yield210,997 Fc208,258 Fc205,517 Fc202,778 Fc200,573 Fc
PearsArea harvested7,3878,2178,6718,7818,380
Production quantity250,240 Im276,393 Im289,593 Im291,167 Im279,630 Im
Yield338,757 Fc336,367 Fc333,979 Fc331,588 Fc333,687 Fc
Peas, dryArea harvested1,173 Im1,118 Im1,159 Im1,281564
Production quantity1,123 Im1,105 Im1,252 Im1,508254
Yield9,574 Fc9,884 Fc10,802 Fc11,772 Fc4,504 Fc
Peas, greenArea harvested1,7431,8291,9502,0031,350
Production quantity14,886 Im15,385 Im16,158 Im16,340 Im10,786 Im
Yield85,404 Fc84,117 Fc82,862 Fc81,578 Fc79,896 Fc
PersimmonsArea harvested11211110610091
Production quantity617 Im599 Im559 Im516 Im451 Im
Yield55,089 Fc53,964 Fc52,736 Fc51,600 Fc49,560 Fc
Plums and sloesArea harvested17,81113,66417,03117,27817,340
Production quantity465,280 Im359,000 F357,600 F353,000 F312,000 F
Yield261,232 Fc262,734 Fc209,970 Fc204,306 Fc179,931 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested41,81141,26854,08253,48550,526
Production quantity1,162,5681,183,3571,426,4791,166,025960,502
Yield278,053 Fc286,749 Fc263,762 Fc218,010 Fc190,101 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested35,329 A39,009 A34,259 A27,043 A26,526 A
Production quantity65,497 A63,313 A65,528 A48,191 A36,239 A
Yield18,539 Fc16,230 Fc19,127 Fc17,820 Fc13,662 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea harvested3,4873,8533,5523,9543,605
Production quantity86,788 Im94,757 Im86,284 Im95,020 Im85,448 Im
Yield248,890 Fc245,930 Fc242,917 Fc240,314 Fc237,026 Fc
QuincesArea harvested318313318309314
Production quantity565 Im547 Im548 Im519 Im510 Im
Yield17,767 Fc17,476 Fc17,233 Fc16,796 Fc16,242 Fc
RapeseedArea harvested48,16656,53346,24953,35249,448
Production quantity185,318219,781183,191212,016201,480
Yield38,475 Fc38,877 Fc39,610 Fc39,739 Fc40,746 Fc
RaspberriesArea harvested3,8884,8104,7844,7834,625
Production quantity15,942 Im19,562 Im19,300 Im19,138 Im18,287 Im
Yield41,003 Fc40,669 Fc40,343 Fc40,013 Fc39,539 Fc
Rice, paddyArea harvested26,24229,52220,93726,54023,714
Production quantity174,897192,808127,866174,008163,560
Yield66,648 Fc65,310 Fc61,072 Fc65,564 Fc68,972 Fc
Rice, paddy (rice milled equivalent)Production quantity116,656 Fc128,603 Fc85,287 Fc116,063 Fc109,095 Fc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested43,221 A42,669 A55,473 A54,866 A51,900 A
Production quantity1,181,004 A1,201,089 A1,443,507 A1,182,350 A976,082 A
Yield273,248 Fc281,490 Fc260,218 Fc215,498 Fc188,070 Fc
RyeArea harvested568 Im619 Im790 Im8551,146
Production quantity2,878 Im3,064 Im4,015 Im4,6014,722
Yield50,669 Fc49,499 Fc50,823 Fc53,813 Fc41,204 Fc
SoybeansArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
StrawberriesArea harvested1,0649379229631,018
Production quantity28,139 Im24,752 Im24,337 Im25,385 Im26,989 Im
Yield264,464 Fc264,162 Fc263,959 Fc263,603 Fc265,118 Fc
Sugar beetArea harvested12,91921,67216,38317,11221,803
Production quantity1,313,3682,374,4961,770,4971,646,6812,069,874
Yield1,016,617 Fc1,095,652 Fc1,080,692 Fc962,296 Fc949,353 Fc
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvested12,919 A21,672 A16,383 A17,112 A21,803 A
Production quantity1,313,368 A2,374,496 A1,770,497 A1,646,681 A2,069,874 A
Yield1,016,617 Fc1,095,652 Fc1,080,692 Fc962,296 Fc949,353 Fc
Sunflower seedArea harvested3,2286,4446,8172,1283,169
Production quantity4,2018,30110,7632,2514,475
Yield13,014 Fc12,882 Fc15,788 Fc10,578 Fc14,121 Fc
Sweet potatoesArea harvested1,410 Im1,401 Im1,391 Im1,381 Im1,374 Im
Production quantity18,436 Im17,732 Im17,028 Im16,325 Im15,580 Im
Yield130,752 Fc126,567 Fc122,416 Fc118,211 Fc113,392 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clementines, satsumasArea harvested7,7977,7945,9284,8804,811
Production quantity189,951 Im180,410 F124,750 F103,300 F83,800 F
Yield243,621 Fc231,473 Fc210,442 Fc211,680 Fc174,184 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvested2,3961,8271,4442,4022,238
Production quantity7,3625,7004,3157,5617,274
Yield30,726 Fc31,199 Fc29,882 Fc31,478 Fc32,502 Fc
TomatoesArea harvested15,20215,85814,61214,27914,287
Production quantity1,050,626 Im1,097,826 Im993,076 F910,310 F934,931 F
Yield691,110 Fc692,285 Fc679,630 Fc637,517 Fc654,393 Fc
Treenuts, TotalArea harvested75,368 A59,746 A57,688 A53,485 A45,215 A
Production quantity199,748 A170,140 A153,172 A139,412 A131,508 A
Yield26,503 Fc28,477 Fc26,552 Fc26,066 Fc29,085 Fc
TriticaleArea harvested27,02323,14420,12224,07022,502
Production quantity147,917142,592118,903146,023128,953
Yield54,737 Fc61,611 Fc59,091 Fc60,666 Fc57,307 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested70,859 A71,972 A67,991 A66,817 A63,251 A
Production quantity2,371,399 A2,402,187 A2,227,209 A2,101,452 A2,043,000 A
Yield334,664 Fc333,767 Fc327,574 Fc314,509 Fc322,999 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested5,762 Im5,788 Im5,814 Im5,840 Im5,851 Im
Production quantity128,122 Im128,118 Im128,114 Im128,110 Im127,170 Im
Yield222,357 Fc221,351 Fc220,354 Fc219,366 Fc217,347 Fc
Vegetables, leguminous nesArea harvested1,8692,0691,8421,7381,456
Production quantity22,315 Im24,304 Im21,281 Im19,741 Im16,057 Im
Yield119,395 Fc117,467 Fc115,532 Fc113,585 Fc110,282 Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea harvested40,80136,81935,27730,96427,941
Production quantity122,950 Im110,000 F100,000 F90,000 F90,000 F
Yield30,134 Fc29,876 Fc28,347 Fc29,066 Fc32,211 Fc
WatermelonsArea harvested2,9182,9652,7122,6132,404
Production quantity49,475 Im50,446 Im46,470 Im45,302 Im42,214 Im
Yield169,551 Fc170,138 Fc171,350 Fc173,372 Fc175,599 Fc
WheatArea harvested222,705236,415225,042285,297263,164
Production quantity1,399,9191,469,0031,349,4921,731,9351,482,310
Yield62,860 Fc62,137 Fc59,966 Fc60,706 Fc56,326 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
F = FAO estimate
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea15,693 Fm15,757 Fm15,742 Fm15,785 Fm15,761 Fm
AgricultureArea15,693 Fc15,757 Fc15,742 Fc15,785 Fc15,761 Fc
Agriculture area certified organicArea17 Q20 Q16 Q20 Q20 Q
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area17 Q20 Q16 Q20 Q20 Q
Arable landArea1,213 Fm1,282 Fm1,270 Fm1,313 Fm1,289 Fm
Country areaArea75,670 Q75,670 Q75,670 Q75,610 Q75,610 Q
CroplandArea1,678 Fm1,742 Fm1,727 Fm1,770 Fm1,746 Fm
Cropland area certified organicArea16 Q15 Q14 Q17 Q17 Q
Cropland area under organic agric.Area16 Q15 Q14 Q17 Q17 Q
Forest landArea17,965 Q17,842 Q17,719 Q17,596 Q17,422 Fm
Inland watersArea1,256 Fm1,256 Fm1,256 Fm1,256 Fm1,256 Fm
Land areaArea74,353 Fm74,353 Fm74,353 Fm74,353 Fm74,353 Fm
Land area equipped for irrigationArea1,110 Fm1,110 Fm1,110 Fm1,110 Fm1,110 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea14,015 Fm14,015 Fm14,015 Fm14,015 Fm14,015 Fm
Land under permanent cropsArea465 Fm460 Fm457 Fm457 Fm457 Fm
Naturally regenerating forestArea14,844 Q14,754 Fm14,663 Q14,550 Q14,419 Fm
Other landArea40,695 Fc40,754 Fc40,892 Fc40,972 Fc41,170 Fc
Perm. meadows & pastures area certified organicArea1 Q2 Q2 Q3 Q3 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures area under organic agric.Area1 Q2 Q2 Q3 Q3 Q
Planted ForestArea3,120 Q3,088 Q3,056 Q3,046 Q3,003 Fm
Primary ForestArea5,355 Fm5,355 Fm5,355 Q5,172 Fm
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.