Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Cook Islands

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Datasheet

Cook Islands

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFirman (1975); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentDingley et al. (1981); McKenzie and Jackson (1990); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated); NHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentAPPPC (1987); Carver (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)Absent, EradicatedSPC (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera xanthodes (Pacific fruit fly)PresentPurea et al. (1997); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentBarro et al. (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedCook Islands Biodiversity Database (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentMaddison (1976); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBelkin (1962)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug)PresentGarcía Morales et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994); Williams and Watson (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentWilliams and Watson (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentFAO (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHomalodisca vitripennis (glassy winged sharpshooter)Present, LocalizedIPPC (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant)PresentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); Waterhouse and Norris (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWilson and Taylor (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)Present, WidespreadWilliams and Watson (1988); CABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid)PresentNativeNHM (1964); Blackman and Eastop (2000); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentIntroducedISSG (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis papuana (Papuan thief ant)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentCABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentWilliams and Watson (1988); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)ISSG (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis lupus familiaris (dogs)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFisher (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)Present, WidespreadNativeAllen (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedEldredge (1994); Bartley (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2007); Welcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSPREP (South Pacific Regional Environment Programme) (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish)PresentInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)PresentGrandison (1990); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentGrandison (1990); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum hispidulum (rosy maidenhair fern)Present, Few occurrencesNativeNational Tropical Botanical Garden (2013); PIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAngiopteris evecta (king fern)PresentNativePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyclosorus parasiticus (parasitic maiden fern)PresentNativeHolttum (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaKappaphycusPresentIntroducedEldredge (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus moschatus (musk mallow)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea)PresentNativePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)Present, PlantedIntroducedPIER (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia glauca (wild dividivi)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentSwarbrick (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002); PIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedWaterhouse (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002); Krisnawati et al. (2011); PIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia cucullata (Chinese taro)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger)PresentIntroducedSpace and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedPacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)Present, WidespreadIntroducedEnglberger (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002); PIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015); Weeds of Australia (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia ringens (Dutchman’s pipe)PresentPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedRagone (2006); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)Present, PlantedIntroducedSpace and Flynn (2002); PIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSwarbrick (1997); McCormack (2007); USDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016); McCormack (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedPIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree)PresentNativeGovaerts and Tulig (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); Waterhouse (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBougainvillea spectabilis (great bougainvillea)PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBreynia disticha (snowbush)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia candida (angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia fragrans (basketplant)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedSpace and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarludovica palmata (Panama hat plant)Present, CultivatedIntroducedSpace and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentNativeGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentNativePIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum diurnum (day jessamine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCheilocostus speciosusPresentIntroducedNaturalizedEnglberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon aciculatus (golden false beardgrass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)PresentIntroducedDewey (1897)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon)PresentIntroducedInvasivePacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWaterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum speciosissimum (Java glory bower)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum wallichii (Wallich's glorybower)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedGovaerts et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant)Present, WidespreadRandall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia madagascariensis (Madagascar rubbervine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus arizonica (Arizona cypress)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)PresentPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2009); Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDerris elliptica (tuba root)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium caricosum (nadi blue grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDieffenbachia seguine (dumb cane)PresentIntroducedHEAR (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria fuscescens (yellow crab grass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper)PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentWaterhouse (1997); Clayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHEAR (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGopal (1987); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSwarbrick (1989); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine)PresentInvasiveGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis amabilis (Japanese lovegrass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)PresentIntroducedPIER (2012); GBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)Present, PlantedIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEtlingera elatior (torch ginger)PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge)PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge)PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tithymaloides (devil's backbone)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedMcCormack (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2007); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp)Present, LocalizedIntroducedMeyer (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)Present, PlantedIntroducedSpace and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMcCormack (2007); PIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium gardnerianum (kahili ginger)PresentIntroducedPIER (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemigraphis alternata (red ivy)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotis rotundifolia (pink lady)PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (busy lizzy)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (white moonflower )PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentMcCormack (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGRIIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIxora finlaysoniana (white jungle flame)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine)PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum sambac (Arabian jasmine)PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe blossfeldiana (flaming katy)PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedSpace and Flynn (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveThaman (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet)PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah)PresentPIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow)PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaranta arundinacea (arrowroot)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); Swarbrick (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelastoma malabathricum (Banks melastoma)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedPIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelicoccus bijugatus (Spanish lime)PresentIntroducedSpace and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia peltataPresentIntroducedEnglberger (2009); Waterhouse (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentIntroducedSpace and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); Meyer (2000); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (creeping sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWaterhouse and Norris (1987); Swarbrick (1989); PIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePurea (1985); Waterhouse and Norris (1987); PIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); Waterhouse (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry)PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNopalea cochenillifera (cochineal cactus)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum (African basil)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia corymbosa (flat-top mille graines)PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia humifusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMcCormack (2013); Waterhouse (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPachira aquatica (pachira nut)PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPachystachys coccinea (Cardinal's guard)PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002); Purea (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass)PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)PresentPIER (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeMcCormack (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014); McCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentWaterhouse (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora ligularis (sweet granadilla)PresentIntroducedSpace and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPentas lanceolata (Egyptian starcluster)PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid)PresentNativeeMonocot (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedPIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHartemink (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGovaerts (2014); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea indica (Indian camphorweed)PresentIntroducedPIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012); Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry (2002); FAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma macarthurii (Macarthur palm)PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia occidentalis (West Indian sage)PresentPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroducedPIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia parvibracteata (sanchezia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia speciosa (shrubby whitevein)PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree)PresentIntroducedSpace and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentSwarbrick (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016); ILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedPIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWaterhouse and Norris (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMeyer (2004); PIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid)PresentNativeInvasiveMcCormack (2007); Govaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008); McCormack (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass)PresentIntroducedeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus tenuissimus (tropical dropseed)PresentIntroducedGardner (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Moldenke (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)Present, PlantedIntroducedSpace et al. (2003); PIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia heterophylla (pink trumpet tree)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedSwarbrick (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGBIF (2015); PIER (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina urvilleana (princessflower)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Mexican sunflower)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)PresentIntroducedPacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen)PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine)PresentMcCormack (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrimezia steyermarkii (yellow walking iris)PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002); PIER (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena brasiliensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveBishop Museum (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex trifoliaPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear)PresentIntroducedMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedHEAR (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedPIER (2007)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentIntroducedIshtiaq et al. (2007)
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentDavis et al. (2005)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
infectious laryngotracheitisPresentOIE Handistatus (1997)
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentIntroducedIshtiaq et al. (2007)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Avocados Area Harvested 5 F 5 F 5 F 5 F 5 F
Avocados Production Quantity 25 Im 26 Im 27 Im 28 Im 25 F
Avocados Yield 50000 Fc 52000 Fc 54000 Fc 56000 Fc 50000 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 20 F 20 Im 18 Im 16 Im 15 F
Bananas Production Quantity 57 Im 85 Im 76 Im 67 Im 60 F
Bananas Yield 28500 Fc 42500 Fc 42222.2 Fc 41875 Fc 40000 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 36 Im 41 Im 37 Im 58 Im 60 F
Cassava Production Quantity 989 Im 1120 F 1035 Im 1363 Im 1500 F
Cassava Yield 274722 Fc 273171 Fc 279730 Fc 235000 Fc 250000 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 2 F 2 F 2 F 2 F 2 F
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 20 A 20 A 20 A 20 A 20 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 73 A 94 A 85 A 104 A 115 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 36500 Fc 47000 Fc 42500 Fc 52000 Fc 57500 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 710 F 707 Im 700 F 790 Im 770 F
Coconuts Production Quantity 1900 F 1830 * 1670 * 2000 * 2000 *
Coconuts Yield 26760.6 Fc 25884 Fc 23857.1 Fc 25316.5 Fc 25974 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested F F F F F
Coffee, green Production Quantity F F F F F
Coffee, green Yield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 416 A 408 A 420 A 409 A 402 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1167 A 1288 A 1278 A 1464 A 1603 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 28052.9 Fc 31568.6 Fc 30428.6 Fc 35794.6 Fc 39875.6 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 282 Im 276 Im 287 Im 282 Im 277 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 229 Im 238 Im 245 Im 312 Im 278 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 8120.57 Fc 8623.19 Fc 8536.59 Fc 11063.8 Fc 10036.1 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested F F F F F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity F F F F F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 5 F 5 F 5 F 5 F 5 F
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 11 F 11 F 11 Im 17 Im 15 F
Lemons and limes Yield 22000 Fc 22000 Fc 22000 Fc 34000 Fc 30000 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 26 Im 25 Im 26 Im 25 F 25 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 189 Im 229 Im 210 Im 286 Im 300 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 72692.3 Fc 91600 Fc 80769.2 Fc 114400 Fc 120000 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 710 A 707 A 700 A 790 A 770 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 152 A 146.4 A 133.6 A 160 A 160 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 2140.85 Fc 2070.72 Fc 1908.57 Fc 2025.32 Fc 2077.92 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 710 A 707 A 700 A 790 A 770 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 247 A 237.9 A 217.1 A 260 A 260 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 3478.87 Fc 3364.92 Fc 3101.43 Fc 3291.14 Fc 3376.62 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 15 F 15 F 15 F 15 F 15 F
Oranges Production Quantity 62 Im 83 Im 74 Im 87 Im 100 F
Oranges Yield 41333.3 Fc 55333.3 Fc 49333.3 Fc 58000 Fc 66666.7 Fc
Papayas Area Harvested 56 Im 55 Im 57 Im 56 Im 55 F
Papayas Production Quantity 569 Im 590 Im 608 Im 639 Im 800 F
Papayas Yield 101607 Fc 107273 Fc 106667 Fc 114107 Fc 145455 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 7 F 7 F 7 Im 5 F 5 F
Pineapples Production Quantity 25 Im 26 Im 27 Im 28 Im 25 F
Pineapples Yield 35714.3 Fc 37142.9 Fc 38571.4 Fc 56000 Fc 50000 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 73 Im 83 Im 74 Im 95 Im 77 Im
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 1539 Im 1742 Im 1615 Im 1895 Im 1674 Im
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 210822 Fc 209880 Fc 218243 Fc 199474 Fc 217403 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 133 A 151 A 135 A 184 A 162 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3143 A 3558 A 3295 A 3844 A 3874 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 236316 Fc 235629 Fc 244074 Fc 208913 Fc 239136 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 24 Im 27 Im 24 Im 31 Im 25 F
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 615 Im 696 Im 645 Im 586 Im 700 F
Sweet potatoes Yield 256250 Fc 257778 Fc 268750 Fc 189032 Fc 280000 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested F F F F F
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity F F F F F
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield
Tomatoes Area Harvested 11 Im 10 Im 10 F 10 F 10 F
Tomatoes Production Quantity 167 Im 261 Im 243 Im 250 F 250 F
Tomatoes Yield 151818 Fc 261000 Fc 243000 Fc 250000 Fc 250000 Fc
Vanilla Area Harvested F F F F F
Vanilla Production Quantity F F F F F
Vanilla Yield
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 149 Im 145 Im 136 Im 130 Im 150 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 1473 Im 1690 Im 1674 Im 1489 Im 1500 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 98859.1 Fc 116552 Fc 123088 Fc 114538 Fc 100000 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 163 A 158 A 149 A 143 A 163 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1697 A 2016 A 1991 A 1824 A 1827 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 104110 Fc 127595 Fc 133624 Fc 127552 Fc 112086 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 163 A 158 A 149 A 143 A 163 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1697 A 2016 A 1991 A 1824 A 1827 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 104110 Fc 127595 Fc 133624 Fc 127552 Fc 112086 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 3 F 3 F 3 F 3 F 3 F
Watermelons Production Quantity 55 Im 63 Im 72 Im 83 Im 75 F
Watermelons Yield 183333 Fc 210000 Fc 240000 Fc 276667 Fc 250000 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Avocados Area Harvested 3 F 3 F 3 F 5 10 F
Avocados Production Quantity 17 Im 16 Im 15 35 70 F
Avocados Yield 56666.7 Fc 53333.3 Fc 50000 Fc 70000 Fc 70000 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 11 Im 10 F 12 F 35 50 F
Bananas Production Quantity 28 Im 40 F 50 150 200 F
Bananas Yield 25454.5 Fc 40000 Fc 41666.7 Fc 42857.1 Fc 40000 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 49 Im 51 Im 50 F 50 79 Im
Cassava Production Quantity 1281 Im 1319 Im 1321 Im 1250 * 1600 F
Cassava Yield 261429 Fc 258627 Fc 264200 Fc 250000 Fc 202532 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 1 F 1 F 1 F 1 5 Im
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 16 A 14 A 15 A 12 A 16 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 88 A 86 A 81 A 91 A 116 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 55000 Fc 61428.6 Fc 54000 Fc 75833.3 Fc 72500 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 1040 F 720 F 700 F 750 1500 F
Coconuts Production Quantity 2700 * 1850 * 1800 2200 5000 *
Coconuts Yield 25961.5 Fc 25694.4 Fc 25714.3 Fc 29333.3 Fc 33333.3 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested F F F 5 10 F
Coffee, green Production Quantity F F 3 5 F
Coffee, green Yield 6000 Fc 5000 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 370 A 355 A 351 A 395 A 461 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1608 A 1555 A 1378 A 2066 A 2929 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 43459.5 Fc 43802.8 Fc 39259.3 Fc 52303.8 Fc 63535.8 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 262 Im 253 Im 248 Im 238 Im 243 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 313 Im 332 Im 317 Im 290 Im 304 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 11946.6 Fc 13122.5 Fc 12782.3 Fc 12184.9 Fc 12510.3 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested F F F F F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity F F F F F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 2 F 2 F 2 F 2 2 F
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 7 Im 6 F 6 6 9 Im
Lemons and limes Yield 35000 Fc 30000 Fc 30000 Fc 30000 Fc 45000 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 27 Im 26 Im 25 F 50 70 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 242 Im 328 Im 250 600 1200 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 89629.6 Fc 126154 Fc 100000 Fc 120000 Fc 171429 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 1040 A 720 A 700 A 750 A 1500 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 216 A 148 A 144 A 176 A 400 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 2076.92 Fc 2055.56 Fc 2057.14 Fc 2346.67 Fc 2666.67 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1040 A 720 A 700 A 750 A 1500 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 351 A 240.5 A 234 A 286 A 650 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 3375 Fc 3340.28 Fc 3342.86 Fc 3813.33 Fc 4333.33 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 14 Im 12 F 13 Im 10 14 Im
Oranges Production Quantity 81 Im 80 F 75 85 107 Im
Oranges Yield 57857.1 Fc 66666.7 Fc 57692.3 Fc 85000 Fc 76428.6 Fc
Papayas Area Harvested 48 Im 46 Im 45 F 50 63 Im
Papayas Production Quantity 907 Im 739 Im 650 875 1008 Im
Papayas Yield 188958 Fc 160652 Fc 144444 Fc 175000 Fc 160000 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 3 F 3 F 3 F 5 9 Im
Pineapples Production Quantity 13 Im 14 Im 15 F 25 31 Im
Pineapples Yield 43333.3 Fc 46666.7 Fc 50000 Fc 50000 Fc 34444.4 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 82 Im 85 Im 83 Im 82 Im 85 Im
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 1728 Im 1779 Im 1782 Im 1686 Im 1762 Im
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 210732 Fc 209294 Fc 214699 Fc 205610 Fc 207294 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 151 A 157 A 153 A 152 A 185 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3519 A 3587 A 3614 A 3486 A 4215 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 233046 Fc 228471 Fc 236209 Fc 229342 Fc 227838 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 20 Im 21 Im 20 F 20 21 Im
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 510 Im 489 Im 511 Im 550 853 Im
Sweet potatoes Yield 255000 Fc 232857 Fc 255500 Fc 275000 Fc 406190 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested F F F F F
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity F F F F F
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield
Tomatoes Area Harvested 10 F 9 F 8 F 12 9 Im
Tomatoes Production Quantity 250 F 250 F 250 475 318 Im
Tomatoes Yield 250000 Fc 277778 Fc 312500 Fc 395833 Fc 353333 Fc
Vanilla Area Harvested F F F F F
Vanilla Production Quantity F F F F F
Vanilla Yield
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 66 Im 69 Im 71 Im 72 Im 66 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 833 Im 801 Im 854 Im 781 Im 755 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 126212 Fc 116087 Fc 120282 Fc 108472 Fc 114394 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 78 A 80 A 81 A 89 A 82 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1136 A 1095 A 1155 A 1422 A 1267 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 145641 Fc 136875 Fc 142593 Fc 159775 Fc 154512 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 78 A 80 A 81 A 89 A 82 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1136 A 1095 A 1155 A 1422 A 1267 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 145641 Fc 136875 Fc 142593 Fc 159775 Fc 154512 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 2 F 2 F 2 F 5 7 Im
Watermelons Production Quantity 52 Im 43 Im 50 165 189 Im
Watermelons Yield 260000 Fc 215000 Fc 250000 Fc 330000 Fc 270000 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm
Agricultural area certified organic Area 0.02 I
Agricultural area organic, total Area 0.02 I
Arable land Area 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm
Country area Area 24 W 24 W 24 W 24 W 24 W
Forest area Area 15.5 Fm 15.5 Q 15.5 Fm 15.5 Fm 15.5 Fm
Land area Area 24 W 24 W 24 W 24 W 24 W
Other land Area 5.5 Fm 5.5 Fm 5.5 Fm 5.5 Fm 5.5 Fm
Permanent crops Area 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 5 Fm 5 Fm
Agricultural area certified organic Area
Agricultural area organic, total Area
Arable land Area 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 5 Fm 5 Fm
Country area Area 24 W 24 W 24 W 24 Q 24 Q
Forest area Area 15.5 Fm 15.5 E 15.5 Fm 15.5 Fm 15.5 Fm
Land area Area 24 W 24 W 24 W 24 Q 24 Q
Other land Area 5.5 Fm 5.5 Fm 5.5 Fm 3.5 Fm 3.5 Fm
Permanent crops Area 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 2 Fm 2 Q
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files