Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Côte d'Ivoire

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Datasheet

Côte d'Ivoire

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 25,716,544 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 2,290 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 58,971.18 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 58,539.42 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 20.67 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)Absent, EradicatedRott et al. (1989); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma palmae (lethal yellowing (LY))PresentEPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaePresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typePresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentEPPO (2021)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella AbortusequiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight)PresentBradbury (1986); UK, CAB International (1993); Martin et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); Notteghem et al. (undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola (bacterial leaf streak of rice)PresentEPPO (2021); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora megakarya (black pod of cocoa)PresentKebe et al. (2002)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Present, LocalizedDavet (1962); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. elaeidis (fusarium wilt of oil palm)Present, WidespreadRenard et al. (1972); UK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (Fusarium wilt)Present, WidespreadAbo et al. (2005); Assigbetse et al. (1994); Fernandez et al. (1994);
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella xylarioides (coffee wilt)PresentEPPO (2022); Deassus (1954); Bouriquet (1959); Porteres (1959); UK, CAB International (1970); Phiri and Baker (2009)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMourichon and Fullerton (1990); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)PresentEPPO (2022); Brun (1972); Seif and Hillocks (1993)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); Saumtally et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma variegatum (tropical bont tick)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale)PresentIntroducedNHM (1942); UK, CAB International (1978); Nakahara (1982); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968); Duviard et al. (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969); Wijs (1974)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiella hartii (yam scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1966); Sika et al. (2005); García Morales et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022); Germain and Hodges (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2003); White (2006); Vayssières et al. (2007); Virgilio et al. (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveVayssières et al. (2005); CABI and EPPO (2008); Hala et al. (2008); N'guessan et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentFishpool et al. (1995); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); Abdullahi et al. (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentBerry et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)PresentNativeN'Dépo et al. (2009); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeroplastes destructor (white wax scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1960); Ben-Dov et al. (2001); Hodgson and Peronti (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentNativeToguebaye and Bouix (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)PresentNativeInvasiveJames (1947)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes sjostedtiPresentNativeSnyder (1949); Harris (1966); Becker (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadInvasiveSubra (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus bivittatus (fruit fly)PresentWhite (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentGuerout (1972); UK, CAB International (1972); Ben-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug)PresentWilliams and Granara de Willink (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea piceusPresentIntroducedWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1966); Ben-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1993); Vassal et al. (1997); Nibouche et al. (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentTicheler (1961); Cristancho et al. (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentIntroducedWilliams (1986); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaliarpha separatella (African white rice borer)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)Present, WidespreadYaninek (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentMillar (1994); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (2005); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrseolia oryzivora (African rice gall midge)PresentUK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOxycarenus hyalinipennis (cotton, seed bug)PresentEPPO (2022); Samy (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentVaissayre (1987); UK, CAB International (1990); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCAB International (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentInvasiveBabacauh (1982)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveZeddies et al. (2001); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhryneta leprosaPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea absoluta (tomato leafminer)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentGuerout (1974); UK, CAB International (1986); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)Present, WidespreadEntwistle (1972); CABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus kenyae (coffee mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994); CABI and EPPO (2001); Obodji et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentUK, CAB International (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRastrococcus invadens (fruit tree mealybug)PresentNeuenschwander (1989); CABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil)PresentBedikou et al. (2009); Yapi et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentBen-Dov (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips aurantii (South African citrus thrips)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Bournier (1999); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentClément et al. (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentKouakou et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1972); Haggis (1984); Rose et al. (1996); Pogue (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentFAO (2018); N'guessan et al. (2021); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)PresentEPPO (2022); Adja et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth (FCM))PresentNativePearson (1958); Angelini et al. (1981); EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Bournier (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentThouvenel and Fauquet (1977); CABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly)PresentNativeLourens et al. (1972); Martin (1987); Martin et al. (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1962); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentIntroducedWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentIntroducedWood and Bright (1992); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZaprionus tuberculatusPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)Present, Few occurrencesNativeBirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedShireman and Smith (1983); Lever (1996); Froese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemichromis letourneuxi (African jewelfish)Present, WidespreadNativeDaget et al. (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHeterotis niloticus (African bonytongue)Present, WidespreadIntroducedCABI (Undated); Froese R and Pauly D (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLates niloticus (Nile perch)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)Absent, Formerly presentLever (1996); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentNativeSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)Present, LocalizedNativeJuniper and Parr (2003); BirdLife International (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataQuelea quelea (weaver bird)Present, Few occurrencesNativeInvasiveThiollay (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSarotherodon galilaeus (mango tilapia)PresentNativeTeugels et al. (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSchilbe mystus (African butter catfish)PresentNativeTeugels et al. (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis)PresentNativeHoyo et al. (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia mariae (spotted tilapia)PresentNativeTeugels and Thys van den Audenaerde (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)PresentNativeTeugels et al. (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus niloticus (Nile monitor)PresentNativeBayless (2002); Spawls et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWinter (1989); Raut and Barker (2002); Mèmèl et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentMerny (1970); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)Present, WidespreadSher (1966); Siddiqi (1973); CABI and EPPO (2003); Loubana et al. (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne enterolobii (Pacara earpod tree root-knot nematode)PresentFargette (1987); Blok et al. (2002); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentFortuner (1981); CABI and EPPO (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, WidespreadFortuner (1981); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne mayaguensisPresentEPPO (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)Present, LocalizedFargette and Quénéhervé (1988); CABI and EPPO (2000); Loubana et al. (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)Present, WidespreadAdiko (1988); CABI and EPPO (1999); Loubana et al. (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaScutellonema bradys (yam nematode)PresentBaudin (1956); Coyne et al. (2006); CABI and EPPO (2011); Coyne et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Present, LocalizedMacaron (1972); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentNativeGuiry and Guiry (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern)Present, LocalizedNativeDyer et al. (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCeratopteris thalictroides (watersprite)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)Present, WidespreadNativeGBIF (2012); Tuo et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris tripartita (giant brake)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (kariba weed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeJohn et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus esculentus (okra)PresentSéka et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia hockiiPresentNativeILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia polyacantha (hook thorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedAdams (1963); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentGuillemin et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1991); Messou et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentPROTA (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedBurke and DiTommaso (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia ringens (Dutchman’s pipe)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)Absent, EradicatedBell (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBalanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2018); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed)Present, LocalizedVerdcourt (1976); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa bladhii (Caucasian bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPROTA (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBreynia disticha (snowbush)PresentIntroducedNeuba et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentNativeInvasivePIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCananga odorata (ylang-ylang)Present, PlantedIntroducedDeroin (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentEPPO (2022); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCecropia peltata (trumpet tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAke Assi (1980); Binggeli (1999); ISSG (2003); Tuo et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)PresentIntroducedCintron (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)Present, WidespreadMulligan (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentClayton (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris gayana (Rhodes grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGautier (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus quadrangularis (treebine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome gynandraPresentNativeMishra et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower)PresentNativeBerhaut (1974); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedGovaerts et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedHepper (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Tuo et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedAdams (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentIntroducedAdams (1963); Holm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyathula prostrata (pasture weed)PresentNativePROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon schoenanthus (camel grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge)PresentHooper and Napper (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeMerlier (1975); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria velutina (velvet fingergrass)Present, LocalizedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentNativeGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea cayenensis (Guinea yam)PresentNativePROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDracaena fragrans (corn plant)PresentNativeGovaerts (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedHutchinson and Dalziel (1954); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-pavonis (gulf cockspur grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveJohnson and Kent (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalisPresent, WidespreadNativeHutchinson et al. (1972); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHarley (1993); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentFAO (2009); Duke (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis dulcis (Chinese water chestnut)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia coccinea (scarlet tasselflower)PresentJeffrey (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia praetermissa (yellow thistle)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2018); Adams (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEntada gigas (sea-bean)PresentInvasiveBongers et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis amabilis (Japanese lovegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePlantNet (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentIntroducedMessou et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood)Present, PlantedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)PresentHutchinson and Dalziel (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentNative and IntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); Holou et al. (2013); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFuntumia elastica (West African rubber tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2016); WAC (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGossypium barbadense (Gallini cotton)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHaematoxylum campechianum (logwood)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentHeine (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeteropogon contortus (spear grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotis rotundifolia (pink lady)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); Tuo et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHevea brasiliensis (rubber)PresentFAO (2009); Tuo et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016); Pieterse (1981); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis spicigera (black sesame)PresentRoskov et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)Present, LocalizedNativeHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeBisby et al. (1994); USDA-ARS (2013); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (white moonflower )PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentIntroducedGunn and Ritchie (1982); Kent et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory)PresentIntroducedLejoly and Lisowski (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea hederifolia (scarlet-creeper )PresentIntroducedStaples (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017); Orwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentHepper (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresent, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah)PresentZipcode Zoo (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaesopsis eminii (umbrella tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedOrwa et al. (2009); Pruvost et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); Tuo et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentNativeHutchinson and Dalziel (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)PresentIntroducedHutchinson et al. (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedLavabre (1971)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedLeavold et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentNativeILDIS (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMussaenda erythrophylla (red flag bush)PresentNativeGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea lotus (white Egyptian lotus)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); Plant Gene Resources of Canada (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum (African basil)PresentNativeWCSP (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia corymbosa (flat-top mille graines)PresentNativeGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia lancifolia (calycose mille graines)PresentNativeGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza barthiiPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza longistaminata (perennial wild rice)PresentHepper (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza punctata (wild rice)PresentNativeClayton (1970); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentQ-bank (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)Present, LocalizedNativeHepper (1972); Royal Botanic Gardens Kew (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Clayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum notatum (Bahia grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)Present, LocalizedNativeBecker and Johnson (2001); USDA-ARS (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentWijs (1974); Bigot and Vuattoux (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum pedicellatum (deenanath grass)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveHeper (1972); Poilecot (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)Present, LocalizedNativeEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)PresentIntroducedAfrican Plants Database (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedMairura (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentInvasiveDiop (2006); Holm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentHutchinson and Dalziel (1954)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002); FAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentTuo et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamphicarpa fistulosaPresent, LocalizedHCNF (2013); Konan et al. (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Adesina et al. (1994); Becker and Johnson (1998); USA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentIntroducedJSTOR Global Plants (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna hirsuta (hairy senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedHUTCHINSON and DALZIEL (1958)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); ILDIS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida linifolia (flaxleaf fanpetals)PresentIntroducedPorembski et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1991); Goly and Téhé (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentIntroducedHutchinson et al. (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphenoclea zeylanica (wedgewort)PresentHepper (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga aspera (witchweed)PresentParker and Riches (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga hermonthica (witchweed)PresentM'Boob (1994); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarindus indica (tamarind)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak)Present, PlantedKoffi et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia erecta (bush clockvine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Mexican sunflower)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachypogon spicatus (spiked crinkleawn)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)Present, LocalizedHutchinson et al. (1963); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentNativeHutchinson and Dalziel (1958)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentGivord (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass)PresentIntroducedeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia ovisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma congolensePresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma vivaxPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
VirusAfrican cassava mosaic virus (African cassava mosaic)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); Fargette et al. (1990); Neuenschwander et al. (2002); Diallo et al. (2017)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusArterivirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusBanana streak diseasePresent, WidespreadNativeInvasiveDiekmann and Putter (1996); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbovine leukemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCassava mosaic disease (African cassava mosaic)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (1998)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCotton leaf curl Gezira virusPresentEPPO (2022); Fauquet and Thouvenel (1987); Brown (1992); Séka et al. (2016)
VirusCowpea mild mottle virus (angular mosaic of beans)PresentFauquet et al. (1979); Fortuner et al. (1979); CABI and EPPO (2019); EPPO (2022)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusEast African cassava mosaic virusPresentIntroducedInvasiveNeuenschwander et al. (2002); Diallo et al. (2017)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusfowlpox virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virusAbsentOIE (2020)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019)
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)Present, Few occurrencesThottappilly (1992); CABI and EPPO (2003)
VirusMaize streak virus (streak disease of maize)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
Virusmyxoma virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusNewcastle disease virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
VirusNipah virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentDiallo et al. (2007); Koné et al. (2010)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusrabies virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusRice yellow mottle virusPresentCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (sugarcane mosaic)PresentISSCT (1989); EPPO (2022)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (tomato spotted wilt)PresentUK, CAB International (1978); EPPO (2022)
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)PresentEPPO (2022)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
actinomycosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
African swine feverPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019)
anaplasmosisPresentOIE (2012); CABI (Undated)
anthraxPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); OIE (1997); OIE Handistatus (2005); CABI (Undated)
atrophic rhinitis of swineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian encephalomyelitisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avian infectious bronchitisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019)
avian influenzaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
avian leukosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
babesiosisPresentNativeKomoin-Oka et al. (1999); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
blacklegAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetongueAbsent, No presence record(s)Formenty et al. (1994); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Borrelia anserina infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
botulismAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine tuberculosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Present, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2012)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)PresentChartier (1992)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
caseous lymphadenitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentFormenty and Domenech (1992)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationPresentNativeInvasiveJames (1947)
classical swine feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
coccidiosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious agalactiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); Masiga et al. (1998); Kané (2000); OIE (2019)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious ecthymaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dermatophilosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
dourineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck virus hepatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine coital exanthemaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine piroplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine viral arteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); Kitching (1998); OIE (2019)
fowl choleraPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
fowl typhoidPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
fowlpoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Fusobacterium necrophorum infectionsPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
glandersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
heartwaterPresentAillerie (1932)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious bursal diseasePresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisAbsentOIE (2020)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
leptospirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
listeriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
lumpy skin diseasePresent, LocalizedOIE (2019)
malignant catarrhal feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Marek's diseasePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
myxomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Newcastle diseasePresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
paratuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
peste des petits ruminantsPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
pullorum diseasePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverAbsent, No presence record(s)Tissot-Dupont et al. (1995); OIE Handistatus (2005)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseasePresentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005)
rabiesPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
rinderpestAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
scrapiePresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
sheep and goat poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (1999); OIE Handistatus (2005)
stranglesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
surraPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005)
swine dysenteryAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
swine erysipelasAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
theileriosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
toxoplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
trypanosomosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tuberculosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
West Nile feverPresentHubálek et al. (1999)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
Almonds, with shellArea harvested3,291 Im3,159 Im3,025 Im2,890 Im2,941 Im
Production quantity2,032 Im1,941 Im1,850 Im1,759 Im1,776 Im
Yield6,174 Fc6,144 Fc6,116 Fc6,087 Fc6,039 Fc
AvocadosArea harvested5,437 Im5,398 Im5,358 Im5,316 Im5,227 Im
Production quantity39,061 Im38,139 Im37,218 Im36,296 Im35,253 Im
Yield71,843 Fc70,654 Fc69,462 Fc68,277 Fc67,444 Fc
BananasArea harvested8,317 Im8,554 Im8,971 Im8,234 Im8,000 Im
Production quantity371,675 Im381,829 Im400,000366,741 Im357,724 Im
Yield446,886 Fc446,375 Fc445,881 Fc445,398 Fc447,155 Fc
Beans, dryArea harvested50,904 Im49,418 Im47,938 Im46,465 Im45,548 Im
Production quantity43,217 Im42,048 Im40,878 Im39,709 Im38,928 Im
Yield8,490 Fc8,509 Fc8,527 Fc8,546 Fc8,547 Fc
Beans, greenArea harvested1,764 Im1,731 Im1,698 Im1,665 Im1,624 Im
Production quantity5,055 Im4,992 Im4,929 Im4,866 Im4,768 Im
Yield28,656 Fc28,839 Fc29,028 Fc29,225 Fc29,360 Fc
Brazil nuts, with shellArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Cashew nuts, with shellArea harvested1,913,073 Im1,800,944 Im1,681,943 Im1,527,877 Im1,675,000 F
Production quantity792,678 Im743,082 Im711,000650,000703,000
Yield4,143 Fc4,126 Fc4,227 Fc4,254 Fc4,197 Fc
CassavaArea harvested866,452 Im914,810 Im865,908 Im724,854 Im798,201 Im
Production quantity5,238,244 Im5,600,350 Im5,367,0004,548,0005,087,000
Yield60,456 Fc61,219 Fc61,981 Fc62,744 Fc63,731 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested1,432,005 A1,468,784 A1,497,753 A1,448,237 A1,503,735 A
Production quantity3,139,575 A3,217,641 A3,290,400 A3,159,200 A3,308,600 A
Yield21,924 Fc21,907 Fc21,969 Fc21,814 Fc22,003 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea harvested28,029 Im27,533 Im27,002 Im26,432 Im25,804 Im
Production quantity175,758 Im166,981 Im158,204 Im149,427 Im140,779 Im
Yield62,706 Fc60,648 Fc58,590 Fc56,533 Fc54,557 Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea harvested4,003 Im4,013 Im4,024 Im4,036 Im4,057 Im
Production quantity27,052 Im26,965 Im26,878 Im26,791 Im26,797 Im
Yield67,579 Fc67,194 Fc66,794 Fc66,380 Fc66,051 Fc
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvested11,205 A11,056 A10,909 A10,783 A10,755 A
Production quantity110,715 A109,285 A107,854 A106,702 A107,022 A
Yield98,809 Fc98,847 Fc98,867 Fc98,954 Fc99,509 Fc
Cocoa, beansArea harvested4,776,874 Im4,606,820 Im4,234,606 Im3,301,756 Im3,458,163 Im
Production quantity2,180,000 *2,154,400 *2,034,0001,634,0001,796,000
Yield4,564 Fc4,677 Fc4,803 Fc4,949 Fc5,194 Fc
CoconutsArea harvested70,184 Im59,000 *37,000 *37,000 *38,000 *
Production quantity105,386 Im108,800 *112,800 *113,600 *144,000 *
Yield15,016 Fc18,441 Fc30,486 Fc30,703 Fc37,895 Fc
Coffee, greenArea harvested953,972 Im471,778 Im351,374 Im966,868 Im954,793 Im
Production quantity67,697 Im39,092 Im33,600106,000127,000
Yield710 Fc829 Fc956 Fc1,096 Fc1,330 Fc
CoirArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantity2,186 Im2,175 Im2,164 Im2,165 Im2,140 Im
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea harvested4,411 Im4,446 Im4,482 Im4,519 Im4,531 Im
Production quantity21,284 Im21,290 Im21,296 Im21,302 Im21,045 Im
Yield48,252 Fc47,886 Fc47,515 Fc47,139 Fc46,447 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area harvested20,491 Im19,195 Im18,090 Im16,963 Im16,006 Im
Production quantity103,757 Im101,120 Im99,00096,30093,600
Yield50,635 Fc52,680 Fc54,726 Fc56,771 Fc58,478 Fc
Fibre Crops PrimaryArea harvested351,324 A370,000 A360,000 A345,000 A402,000 A
Production quantityAAAAA
YieldFcFcFcFcFc
FonioArea harvested14,042 Im14,383 Im14,520 Im14,402 Im14,436 Im
Production quantity20,575 Im20,641 Im20,40019,80019,300
Yield14,652 Fc14,351 Fc14,050 Fc13,748 Fc13,369 Fc
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested720,439 A732,995 A734,825 A721,022 A667,182 A
Production quantity2,579,083 A2,636,080 A2,644,135 A2,544,015 A2,453,543 A
Yield35,799 Fc35,963 Fc35,983 Fc35,283 Fc36,775 Fc
Fruit, citrus nesArea harvested3,462 Im3,424 Im3,386 Im3,368 Im3,351 Im
Production quantity43,697 Im43,215 Im42,733 Im42,517 Im42,518 Im
Yield126,219 Fc126,212 Fc126,205 Fc126,238 Fc126,882 Fc
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvested4,479 Im4,366 Im4,254 Im4,142 Im4,132 Im
Production quantity23,514 Im22,930 Im22,346 Im21,762 Im21,589 Im
Yield52,498 Fc52,519 Fc52,529 Fc52,540 Fc52,248 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea harvested40,931 Im40,360 Im39,796 Im39,239 Im38,774 Im
Production quantity50,075 Im49,696 Im49,317 Im48,938 Im48,635 Im
Yield12,234 Fc12,313 Fc12,392 Fc12,472 Fc12,543 Fc
GingerArea harvested501 Im504 Im508 Im512 Im531 Im
Production quantity7,083 Im6,997 Im6,911 Im6,825 Im6,948 Im
Yield141,377 Fc138,829 Fc136,043 Fc133,301 Fc130,847 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area harvested4,595 Im4,504 Im4,415 Im4,326 Im4,255 Im
Production quantity25,400 Im24,985 Im24,569 Im24,154 Im23,855 Im
Yield55,277 Fc55,473 Fc55,649 Fc55,834 Fc56,063 Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea harvested104,500 Im116,605 Im141,749 Im138,129 Im120,263 Im
Production quantity155,710 Im170,000 *202,103190,100178,800
Yield14,900 Fc14,579 Fc14,258 Fc13,762 Fc14,867 Fc
JuteArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Karite nuts (sheanuts)Area harvested25,830 Im25,146 Im24,492 Im23,866 Im24,161 Im
Production quantity31,591 Im31,469 Im31,346 Im31,224 Im32,153 Im
Yield12,230 Fc12,515 Fc12,798 Fc13,083 Fc13,308 Fc
Kola nutsArea harvested85,550 Im86,172 Im86,915 Im87,829 Im90,101 Im
Production quantity60,066 Im60,417 Im60,851 Im61,404 Im63,228 Im
Yield7,021 Fc7,011 Fc7,001 Fc6,991 Fc7,017 Fc
MaizeArea harvested543,706 Im520,020 Im503,839 Im474,021 Im497,864 Im
Production quantity1,100,000 *1,055,000 *1,025,000967,0001,026,000
Yield20,232 Fc20,288 Fc20,344 Fc20,400 Fc20,608 Fc
Maize, greenArea harvested73,165 Im73,386 Im73,590 Im73,816 Im74,493 Im
Production quantity183,550 Im186,558 Im189,538 Im192,589 Im196,576 Im
Yield25,087 Fc25,421 Fc25,756 Fc26,090 Fc26,389 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea harvested163,059 Im164,820 Im169,708 Im171,972 Im140,248 Im
Production quantity98,613 Im98,399 Im100,000100,00079,800
Yield6,048 Fc5,970 Fc5,892 Fc5,815 Fc5,690 Fc
MilletArea harvested78,168 Im78,737 Im75,165 Im71,664 Im67,148 Im
Production quantity65,000 *65,000 *61,60058,30055,200
Yield8,315 Fc8,255 Fc8,195 Fc8,135 Fc8,221 Fc
Nuts nesArea harvested9,059 Im8,935 Im8,807 Im8,673 Im8,466 Im
Production quantity9,217 Im8,915 Im8,614 Im8,313 Im7,956 Im
Yield10,174 Fc9,978 Fc9,781 Fc9,585 Fc9,398 Fc
Oil palm fruitArea harvested315,055 Im332,544 Im349,248 Im316,858 Im274,000 *
Production quantity2,055,162 Im2,168,495 Im2,227,0002,019,0001,800,000
Yield65,232 Fc65,209 Fc63,766 Fc63,719 Fc65,693 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested891,403 A927,533 A936,608 A884,769 A881,711 A
Production quantity2,714,393 A2,854,197 A2,911,448 A2,673,984 A2,614,378 A
Yield30,451 Fc30,772 Fc31,085 Fc30,222 Fc29,651 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested865,573 A902,387 A912,116 A860,903 A857,550 A
Production quantity252,212 A264,225 A266,635 A249,812 A285,689 A
Yield2,914 Fc2,928 Fc2,923 Fc2,902 Fc3,331 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested891,403 A927,533 A936,608 A884,769 A881,711 A
Production quantity554,946 A585,139 A604,191 A553,523 A520,595 A
Yield6,226 Fc6,309 Fc6,451 Fc6,256 Fc5,904 Fc
Oilseeds nesArea harvested8,681 Im8,594 Im8,502 Im8,407 Im8,187 Im
Production quantity6,864 Im6,664 Im6,465 Im6,265 Im5,927 Im
Yield7,907 Fc7,754 Fc7,604 Fc7,452 Fc7,240 Fc
OkraArea harvested54,061 Im57,352 Im56,969 Im55,609 Im54,037 Im
Production quantity152,325 Im160,331 Im158,000153,000147,000
Yield28,177 Fc27,956 Fc27,734 Fc27,514 Fc27,204 Fc
Onions, shallots, greenArea harvested814 Im817 Im819 Im822 Im840 Im
Production quantity8,602 Im8,451 Im8,301 Im8,151 Im8,142 Im
Yield105,676 Fc103,439 Fc101,355 Fc99,161 Fc96,929 Fc
OrangesArea harvested3,148 Im3,128 Im3,108 Im3,089 Im3,149 Im
Production quantity41,618 Im41,085 Im40,552 Im40,031 Im40,649 Im
Yield132,205 Fc131,346 Fc130,476 Fc129,592 Fc129,085 Fc
PapayasArea harvested7,070 Im6,810 Im6,544 Im6,274 Im5,942 Im
Production quantity18,146 Im17,323 Im16,500 Im15,676 Im14,720 Im
Yield25,666 Fc25,438 Fc25,214 Fc24,986 Fc24,773 Fc
Pepper (piper spp.)Area harvested115 Im303 Im415 F385 F426 Im
Production quantity61 Im175 Im250 F230 F267 Im
Yield5,304 Fc5,776 Fc6,024 Fc5,974 Fc6,268 Fc
PineapplesArea harvested699 Im828 Im857 Im687 Im887 Im
Production quantity41,151 Im47,899 Im48,90038,90049,800
Yield588,712 Fc578,490 Fc570,595 Fc566,230 Fc561,443 Fc
PistachiosArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Plantains and othersArea harvested479,242 Im490,803 Im488,428 Im474,375 Im453,217 Im
Production quantity1,826,133 Im1,870,580 Im1,862,0001,809,0001,739,000
Yield38,105 Fc38,113 Fc38,122 Fc38,134 Fc38,370 Fc
PotatoesArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Pulses nesArea harvested23,230 Im22,642 Im22,049 Im21,450 Im20,900 Im
Production quantity18,025 Im17,492 Im16,958 Im16,425 Im15,894 Im
Yield7,759 Fc7,725 Fc7,691 Fc7,657 Fc7,605 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested74,134 A72,060 A69,987 A67,915 A66,448 A
Production quantity61,242 A59,540 A57,836 A56,134 A54,822 A
Yield8,261 Fc8,263 Fc8,264 Fc8,265 Fc8,250 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea harvested1,979 Im1,984 Im1,989 Im1,994 Im1,993 Im
Production quantity19,316 Im19,320 Im19,323 Im19,326 Im19,286 Im
Yield97,605 Fc97,379 Fc97,149 Fc96,921 Fc96,769 Fc
Rice, paddyArea harvested697,886 Im756,623 Im813,790 Im803,131 Im844,023 Im
Production quantity1,884,0002,007,0002,120,0002,055,0002,153,000
Yield26,996 Fc26,526 Fc26,051 Fc25,587 Fc25,509 Fc
Rice, paddy (rice milled equivalent)Production quantity1,256,628 Fc1,338,669 Fc1,414,040 Fc1,370,685 Fc1,436,051 Fc
Roots and tubers nesArea harvested3,050 Im3,021 Im2,990 Im2,956 Im2,894 Im
Production quantity52,655 Im49,858 Im47,056 Im44,261 Im40,717 Im
Yield172,639 Fc165,038 Fc157,378 Fc149,733 Fc140,695 Fc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested2,254,998 A2,280,351 A2,185,618 A1,968,796 A1,964,776 A
Production quantity12,600,942 A13,004,996 A12,699,256 A11,620,361 A11,907,017 A
Yield55,880 Fc57,031 Fc58,104 Fc59,023 Fc60,602 Fc
Rubber, naturalArea harvested412,649 Im386,449 Im358,104 Im278,931 Im215,583 Im
Production quantity664,695 Im624,200 *580,000453,000350,000
Yield16,108 Fc16,152 Fc16,196 Fc16,241 Fc16,235 Fc
Seed cottonArea harvested351,324 Im370,000 *360,000 *345,000 *402,000 *
Production quantity355,990 Im365,176 Im328,000310,000450,000
Yield10,133 Fc9,870 Fc9,111 Fc8,986 Fc11,194 Fc
Sesame seedArea harvested15,558 Im15,392 Im15,222 Im15,049 Im14,770 Im
Production quantity3,297 Im3,230 Im3,162 Im3,095 Im2,998 Im
Yield2,119 Fc2,098 Fc2,077 Fc2,057 Fc2,030 Fc
SorghumArea harvested98,203 Im99,021 Im90,439 Im85,019 Im80,264 Im
Production quantity70,000 *70,000 *63,40059,10055,100
Yield7,128 Fc7,069 Fc7,010 Fc6,951 Fc6,865 Fc
SoybeansArea harvested271 Im252 Im395 Im460 F330 F
Production quantity393 Im363 Im572 Im700 F500 F
Yield14,502 Fc14,405 Fc14,481 Fc15,217 Fc15,152 Fc
Spices nesArea harvested1,131 Im1,132 Im1,134 Im1,136 Im1,141 Im
Production quantity718 Im721 Im723 Im725 Im727 Im
Yield6,348 Fc6,369 Fc6,376 Fc6,382 Fc6,372 Fc
String beansArea harvested1,490 Im1,477 Im1,464 Im1,451 Im1,446 Im
Production quantity4,766 Im4,727 Im4,689 Im4,650 Im4,634 Im
Yield31,987 Fc32,004 Fc32,029 Fc32,047 Fc32,047 Fc
Sugar caneArea harvested23,953 Im24,169 Im22,800 Im23,176 Im25,804 Im
Production quantity1,968,353 Im1,960,890 Im1,826,020 Im1,832,0002,002,000
Yield821,756 Fc811,324 Fc800,886 Fc790,473 Fc775,849 Fc
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvested23,953 A24,169 A22,800 A23,176 A25,804 A
Production quantity1,968,353 A1,960,890 A1,826,020 A1,832,000 A2,002,000 A
Yield821,756 Fc811,324 Fc800,886 Fc790,473 Fc775,849 Fc
Sweet potatoesArea harvested28,981 Im30,001 Im29,414 Im28,206 Im27,022 Im
Production quantity52,232 Im54,625 Im54,10052,40050,900
Yield18,023 Fc18,208 Fc18,393 Fc18,578 Fc18,837 Fc
Taro (cocoyam)Area harvested69,428 Im72,072 Im70,223 Im67,737 Im64,221 Im
Production quantity81,049 Im84,712 Im83,10080,70078,400
Yield11,674 Fc11,754 Fc11,834 Fc11,914 Fc12,208 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvested10,945 Im11,203 Im11,641 Im12,402 Im14,042 Im
Production quantity5,621 Im5,761 Im5,993 Im6,393 Im7,251 Im
Yield5,136 Fc5,142 Fc5,148 Fc5,155 Fc5,164 Fc
TomatoesArea harvested3,601 Im3,850 Im3,822 Im3,703 Im3,578 Im
Production quantity37,351 Im39,866 Im39,50038,20036,800
Yield103,724 Fc103,548 Fc103,349 Fc103,160 Fc102,851 Fc
Treenuts, TotalArea harvested1,925,423 A1,813,038 A1,693,775 A1,539,440 A1,686,407 A
Production quantity803,927 A753,938 A721,464 A660,072 A712,732 A
Yield4,175 Fc4,158 Fc4,260 Fc4,288 Fc4,226 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested184,063 A186,351 A184,862 A182,308 A180,141 A
Production quantity713,829 A722,816 A719,075 A711,222 A703,186 A
Yield38,782 Fc38,788 Fc38,898 Fc39,012 Fc39,035 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested18,284 Im18,100 Im17,915 Im17,730 Im17,536 Im
Production quantity150,771 Im149,196 Im147,621 Im146,047 Im144,538 Im
Yield82,461 Fc82,429 Fc82,401 Fc82,373 Fc82,424 Fc
YamsArea harvested1,287,087 Im1,260,447 Im1,217,083 Im1,145,043 Im1,072,438 Im
Production quantity7,176,762 Im7,215,451 Im7,148,0006,895,0006,650,000
Yield55,760 Fc57,245 Fc58,731 Fc60,216 Fc62,008 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
* = Unofficial figure
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
F = FAO estimate
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea21,200 Fm21,200 Fm21,200 Fm21,200 Fm21,200 Fm
AgricultureArea21,200 Fc21,200 Fc21,200 Fc21,200 Fc21,200 Fc
Agriculture area certified organicArea51 I42 I40 I
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area51 I50 I42 I40 I20 I
Arable landArea3,500 Fm3,500 Fm3,500 Fm3,500 Fm3,500 Fm
Country areaArea32,246 W32,246 W32,246 W32,246 W32,246 W
CroplandArea8,000 Fm8,000 Fm8,000 Fm8,000 Fm8,000 Fm
Cropland area certified organicArea51 I
Cropland area under organic agric.Area51 I50 I20 Fc
Forest landArea3,062 Q3,175 Q3,288 Q3,401 Q3,514 Fm
Inland watersArea446 Fm446 Fm446 Fm446 Fm446 Fm
Land areaArea31,800 Fm31,800 Fm31,800 Fm31,800 Fm31,800 Fm
Land area equipped for irrigationArea73 Fm73 Fm73 Fm73 Fm73 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea13,200 Fm13,200 Fm13,200 Fm13,200 Fm13,200 Fm
Land under permanent cropsArea4,500 Fm4,500 Fm4,500 Fm4,500 Fm4,500 Fm
Naturally regenerating forestArea3,049 Q3,161 Q3,274 Q3,387 Q3,500 Fm
Other landArea7,538 Fc7,425 Fc7,312 Fc7,199 Fc7,086 Fc
Planted ForestArea14 Q14 Q14 Q14 Q14 Fm
Primary ForestArea625 Fm625 Fm625 Fm625 Fm
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc.
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.