Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Switzerland

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Datasheet

Switzerland

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 8,574,832 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 85,500 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 733,125.96 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 703,082.44 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 0.65 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
Erythroneura vulnerataPresent, Few occurrencesRizzoli et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
yellow head virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Present, WidespreadBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter sepedonicus (potato ring rot)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens (bacterial wilt of dry beans)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2010)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma)Present, LocalizedGugerli et al. (2002); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine flavescence doree phytoplasma (flavescence dorée of grapevine)Present, Few occurrencesSchaerer et al. (2007); Schaub (2007); Belgeri et al. (2022); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine yellows phytoplasmasPresentCaudwell (1993); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresentOIE (2020); Fried (2012); OIE (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation)Present, WidespreadNémeth (1986); Jarausch et al. (2007); Mayer et al. (2009); Danet et al. (2011); Jarausch et al. (2011); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll)Present, LocalizedEtropolska and Lefort (2019); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)Present, WidespreadNémeth (1986); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginaleAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Hepatobacter penaeiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaDickeya solani (black leg disease of potato)PresentInvasiveKeiser and Werra (2013); CABI and EPPO (2015); Werra et al. (2015); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveGrimm and Vogelsanger (1989); Grimm et al. (1991); Hasler et al. (1996); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPectobacterium parmentieri (black leg disease of potato)Present, WidespreadInvasiveWerra et al. (2015)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)Present, LocalizedInvasiveBradbury (1986); UK, CAB International (1987)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (bacterial canker of kiwifruit)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI/EPPO (2012)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. aesculi (chestnut bleeding canker)PresentMeyer et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2021)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella AbortusequiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella enteritidisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaVibrio parahaemolyticusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, LocalizedBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)Present, WidespreadCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylophilus ampelinus (bacterial blight of grapevine)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Bradbury (1986); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciPresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Roch (1881); OIE (2019); OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces invadansAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronospora belbahrii (basil downy mildew)PresentInvasiveHeller and Baroffio (2003); Lefort et al. (2003); Belbahri et al. (2005); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora alni species complex (alder Phytophthora)Present, LocalizedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentFaes (1941); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)Present, LocalizedIntroducedUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1982); Carter et al. (1990); Knapova and Gisi (2002)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (Sudden Oak Death (SOD))Present, Few occurrencesCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose)Present, WidespreadToti et al. (1992); Toti et al. (1993); Viret and Petrini (1994)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaArthrocladiella mougeotiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBipolaris victoriae (Victoria blight of oats)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); UK, CAB International (1990)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentAnon (1994); CABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSaracchi et al. (2008); CABI/EPPO (2012); Gehesquière et al. (2016); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMatasci and Gessler (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis platani (canker stain of plane)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBolay and Mauri (1988); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)Present, LocalizedPeper (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010); Michel et al. (2011); Michel et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast)PresentNativeMinter (1994)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiaporthe eres (apple leaf, branch and fruit fungus)PresentToti et al. (1993); Sieber and Hugentobler (1987)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymascella thujina (cedar leaf blight)PresentIntroducedInvasivePeace (1955)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGindrat et al. (1988); Punithalingam (1993); UK, CAB International (1993)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaEntoleuca mammataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe plataniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe russelliiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe sediPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe syringae-japonicaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe vanbruntianaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGlomerella acutataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1989); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHymenoscyphus fraxineus (ash dieback)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Breitenbach and Kranzlin (1984); Jankovský and Holdenrieder (2009); Queloz et al. (2011); CABI/EPPO (2013); Baral and Bemmann (2014); Schoebel et al. (2014); Burokiene et al. (2015); Gross and Holdenrieder (2015); Gross and Sieber (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLachnellula willkommii (European larch canker)PresentSpaulding (1961)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2000); Hrustić et al. (2015); Freimoser et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holdenrieder and Sieber (1995); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2010); Queloz et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGibbs (1978)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPodosphaera spiraeae (Japanese spiraea powdery mildew)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFarr and Rossman (2019)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudogymnoascus destructans (white-nose syndrome fungus)PresentWibbelt et al. (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentEngesser (2002)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresent, WidespreadNativeBreitenbach and Kranzlin (1988)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust)PresentNativeKörnicke (1877); Jaap (1908); Oechslin (1927); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)Present, WidespreadDarbellay (1939); UK, CAB International (1983); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); Herb IMI (undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaEntyloma gaillardianumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumPresent, LocalizedNativeHoldenrieder et al. (1998)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)Present, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1980); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion parviporumPresent, WidespreadNativeHoldenrieder et al. (1998)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMelampsoridium hiratsukanum (alder rust)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Hantula et al. (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia buxiPresentBPI (US National Fungus Collections) (2009); Baur et al. (2019)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)PresentFried (1983)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia komaroviiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUromyces silphiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)AbsentOIE (2020); Garner et al. (2005); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentIntroducedInvasiveGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentEPPO (2022); OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcleris varieganaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth)Present, WidespreadHadorn (1935); Weismann (1942); Siegrist (1945); Minks et al. (1994); CABI and EPPO (2007); Jenner et al. (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrotona pseudoteneraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaActias isabellaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentFischer and Mourrut-Salesse (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid)Present, WidespreadNativePschorn Walcher and Zwolfer (1960); Eichhorn (1969); Eichhorn (1969); Steffan (1972); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); Freuler (1984); Hächler (1988); Hächler (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAlocentron curvirostrePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma latumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn)Absent, EradicatedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthocoris butleriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthrenocerus australisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthrenus festivusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraephagaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis melliferaPresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAppendiseta robiniaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAproceros leucopoda (elm zigzag sawfly)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Höelling (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArgyresthia trifasciataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArocatus longicepsPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidapion validumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtomaria lewisiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAttagenus quadrimaculatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAttagenus rossiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly)PresentNeuenschwander (1984); Merz (1994); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Present, LocalizedCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBisnius parcusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedLandau et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus lucorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeEstoup et al. (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrachymyrmex heeriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrachypterolus vestitusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchus signaticornisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBythotrephes longimanus (spiny waterflea)Present, WidespreadNativeKetelaars and Gille (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacopsylla pulchellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaenoscelis subdeplanataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallopsylla geminaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveKenis and Forster (1998); CABI and EPPO (2003); Girardoz et al. (2007); Augustin et al. (2009); Péré et al. (2010); Péré et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpelimus zealandicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveGeier and Baggiolini (1953); Fischer-Colbrie and Busch-Petersen (1989); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercyon laminatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerobasis annulataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil)PresentMeier and Jossi (1983); Colonnelli (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChaetogammarus ischnusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChelicorophium curvispinum (Caspian mud shrimp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax destructor (yabby)Absent, Intercepted onlyAnon (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)Present, Few occurrencesKarsholt and Razowski (1996); Hächler et al. (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysolina americana (rosemary beetle)PresentCarron et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysolina coerulansPresentFauna Europaea (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCicurina japonicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentNativeKajita et al. (2012); de Jong et al. (2014); Lecompte et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaColeophora deauratella (red clover casebearer)PresentNativeMori et al. (2016); Fauna Europaea (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaColeosoma floridanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMaceljski (1986); CABI and EPPO (2013); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptococcus fagisuga (beech coccus)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); Kosztarab and Kozár (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptopleurum subtilePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina eucalypti (blue gum psyllid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCurculio elephas (chestnut weevil)PresentEPPO (2022); Bovey et al. (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveKappeli (2008); Leuthardt et al. (2010); CABI/EPPO (2012); Leuthardt and Baur (2013); Nacambo et al. (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDaphnia parvulaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDasineura oxycoccana (blueberry gall midge)PresentBaroffio (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle)Present, LocalizedWood and Bright (1992); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm)Present, Transient under eradicationIntroducedInvasiveKiss et al. (2005); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus osborniPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)PresentKosztarab and Kozár (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDictyna civicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDicyphus escaleraePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDikerogammarus haemobaphes (demon shrimp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDikerogammarus villosus (killer shrimp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Bollache (2004); Lods-Crozet and Reymond (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus bifoveolatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiplocephalus graecusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiprion similis (white pine sawfly)Present, LocalizedNativeBarbey (1924); Liston (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDorypteryx pallidaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDreyfusia nordmannianae (silver fir adelges)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Foottit et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila curvispinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Present, WidespreadIntroducedKehrli et al. (2012); Kehrli et al. (2013); CABI and EPPO (2016); Kenis et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocoetes himalayensisPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEctopsocus pumilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEctopsocus richardsiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEctopsocus vachoniPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEdaphus beszedesiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid)PresentNativeMaksymov (1961); Kloft et al. (1964); Maksymov (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEnarmonia formosana (bark tortrix)PresentJenner et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEperigone eschatologicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEperigone trilobataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEphestia kuehniella (Mediterranean flour moth)PresentBabendreier et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpuraea ocularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErigone autumnalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1975); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid)PresentNHM (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuophryum rufumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEupoecilia ambiguella (grapevine moth)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); Charmillot and Pasquier (2006); Helden et al. (2006); Moravie et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuxesta pechumaniPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFaxonius limosus (Spiny-cheek crayfish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHefti D and Stucki P (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentUK, CAB International (1957)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (1999); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGammarus tigrinusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly)Present, Few occurrencesNativeListon (1995); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGnathocerus cornutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGnathotrichus materiariusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer)PresentNativeRazowski (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGyropus ovalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)Present, WidespreadIntroducedWyniger and Kment (2010); CABI and EPPO (2013); Haye and Wyniger (2013); Cesari et al. (2015); Gariepy et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBrown et al. (2008); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHasarius adansoniPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1961)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemimysis anomalaPresent, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWittmann (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHolocnemus plucheiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypoponera punctatissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdiopterus nephrelepidisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIllinoia azaleaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentBen-Dov et al. (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps cembrae (large larch bark beetle)Present, LocalizedNativeCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeForster (1998); BAWBILT (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaJapananus hyalinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius neglectus (invasive garden ant)PresentIntroducedNeumeyer (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1962); Murbach (1975); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeCox (2001); Gold et al. (2001); Haye and Kenis (2004); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnomysis benedeniPresent, LocalizedIntroducedWittmann (2007); Gergs et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis brunneaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis corrodensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis decolorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis mendaxPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis pearmaniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerinaPresentMartinez (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)PresentOudman et al. (1993); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitargus balteatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLithocharis nigricepsPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (European grapevine moth)Present, WidespreadBoller (1975); Schmid and Antonin (1977); Chalverat (1978); Boller and Remund (1981); Charmillot et al. (1995); Charmillot et al. (1995); Moreau et al. (2010); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLuperomorpha xanthoderaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLyctus cavicollisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); Keena et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)PresentNativeInvasiveEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegaselia tamilnaduensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegastigmus spermotrophus (Douglas-fir seed chalcid)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveRoques and Skrzypczyńska (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegoura lespedezaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)PresentLucht (1987); Büchi (1989); CABI and EPPO (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug)Present, LocalizedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMicropeplus mariettiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMicropholcus faurotiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonarthropalpus flavus (boxwood leafminer)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus saltuarius (Japanese pine sawyer)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn)PresentNativeInvasiveAlthoff and Danilevsky (1997); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentIntroducedKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzocallis walshiiPresentCABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentBlackman and Eastop (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNearctaphis bakeriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)Present, LocalizedNativeNiklas and Franz (1957); Eichhorn et al. (1965)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeoleucinodes elegantalis (eggplant stem borer)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNoctua pronuba (common yellow underwing moth)PresentHächler et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNosopsyllus londinensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaObolodiplosis robiniae (black locust gall midge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Wermelinger and Skuhravá (2007); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOecobius maculatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOligota parvaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOmonadus floralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrientus ishidae (mosaic leafhopper)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentBüchi (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)Present, WidespreadSteiner (1996); Steiner (1996); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOxytelus migratorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish)PresentIntroducedKouba et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPammene fascianaPresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)PresentLastuvka and Lastuvka (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); Ben-Dov (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPeliococcus multispinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPentarthrum huttoniPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole bilimekiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhilonthus spinipesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2022); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis vitegenellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Cara and Jermini (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter issikii (lime leafminer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter leucographellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)Present, WidespreadVorbrodt and Müller-Rutz (1911); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)PresentNativeLucht (1987); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls)Present, WidespreadNativeAvtzis et al. (2008); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveStierlin (1898); Schneider Orelli and Kuhn (1948); Schneider Orelli and Maksymov (1949); Bovey (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlagiolepis alluaudiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentKozár et al. (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPopillia japonica (Japanese beetle)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPristiphora glaucaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPristiphora laricisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentKosztarab and Kozár (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug)PresentIntroducedKozar et al. (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPsylliodes chrysocephala (cabbage stem flea beetle)PresentBromand (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis cingulata (cherry fruit fly)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBoller and Mani (1994); Boller (2000); Daniel and Wyss (2007); CABI and EPPO (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis completa (walnut husk fly)Present, WidespreadMerz (1994); Aluja et al. (2011); Guillén et al. (2011); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhopalapion longirostrePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentHoppe (1981); Büchi (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1952); De Lotto (1965); Ben-Dov (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda carcharias (large poplar borer)PresentBarbey (1942)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSceliphron curvatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSedina buettneri (Blair's wainscot)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)PresentWermelinger et al. (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentBüchi (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Champ and Dyte (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStictocephala altaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStricticomus tobiasPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTachycines asynamorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTakecallis arundicolensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTakecallis taiwanusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Wetterer (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTenebroides fuscusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeDanilevsky (2003); Wermelinger et al. (2002); Sweeney et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeDanilevsky (2003); Wermelinger et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth (FCM))Present, Only in captivity/cultivationKessler and Zingg (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary)Present, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1977); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea processionea (oak processionary moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThecturota marchiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTinocallis nevskyiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTipula paludosa (European crane fly)Present, WidespreadOosterbroek and Theowald (1992); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)Present, WidespreadRigling and Cherubini (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrichodectes octomaculatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrypodendron domesticumPresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrypodendron laevePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUloborus plumipesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUroleucon erigeronensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespa velutina (Asian hornet)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)Present, WidespreadNativeArcher (1998); Neumeyer (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeSchneider-Orelli (1913); Mani and Schwaller (1983); Keimer (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2008); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylotrechus stebbingiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeiraphera diniana (douglas fir cone moth (Japan))PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZelotes puritanusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (wood leopard moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBanks et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead)PresentIntroducedFAO (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentIntroducedWittenberg (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBanks et al. (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFishBase (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2004); Froese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedCramp and Simmons (1977); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius gibelio (Prussian carp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFroese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)PresentNativeIUCN (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBartoš (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCoregonus albula (vendace)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)AbsentSeebens et al. (2017); FAO (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Muus and Dahlström (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe)PresentNativeMuus and Dahlström (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFishBase (2005); Seebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWittenberg (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)Present, WidespreadNativeMitchell-Jones et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucaspius delineatus (sunbleak)PresentIntroducedKottelat and Freyhof (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeuciscus leuciscus (common dace)Present, WidespreadNativeBlanc et al. (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucotelium cerasiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)PresentIntroducedWittenberg (2005); Froese and Pauly (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNyctereutes procyonoides (raccoon dog)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedMitchell-Jones et al. (1999); Weber et al. (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004); DAISIE (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBirnbaum (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon)Present, LocalizedIntroducedImesch-Bebié et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveHall (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPelophylax cf. bedriagaePresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePlötner (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentNativeFishbase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey)Present, Few occurrencesNativeHartmann (1827)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBirdLife International (2015); eBird (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow)Present, WidespreadNativeFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPodarcis sicula (Italian wall lizard)Present, LocalizedIntroducedSchulte and Gebhart (2011); Hofer and Dusej (1995); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWinter (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFAO (1997); Wittenberg (2005); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula eupatria (Alexandrine parakeet)Present, Few occurrences, Confirmed present by surveyIntroducedAncillotto et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)Absent, Formerly presentStrubbe and Matthysen (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)PresentNativeKottelat and Freyhof (2007); Hartmann (1827); Blanc et al. (1971); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)Present, Few occurrencesNativeHartmann (1827); Leybold-Johnson (2008); Froese and Pauly (2010); Moore (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentNativeVilcinskas (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Elvira (2001); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus namaycush (lake trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Blanc et al. (1971); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Muus and Dahlström (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish)PresentNativeFroese R and Pauly D (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub)PresentNativeMuus and Dahlström (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentIntroducedSchifferli et al. (1980)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTamias sibiricus (Siberian chipmunk)Present, LocalizedIntroducedFernandez (1995); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentNativeFishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTriturus carnifexPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion vulgaris (Spanish slug)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveTurner et al. (1998); Friedli and Frank (1998); Speiser et al. (2001); Speiser and Kistler (2002); Hönemann and Nentwig (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Wittenberg (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveSchmidlin and Baur (2007); Schmidlin et al. (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)Present, LocalizedIntroducedReichling (1950); Taylor (1914); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFauna Europea (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentNativeFauna Europea (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)Present, WidespreadKerney et al. (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBinder (1965); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHygromia cinctellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimacus flavusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMilax gagatesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentNativeTurner et al. (1998); GBIF (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPhysella acutaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedCABI (Undated); Walter (1980); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSolatopupa similisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)PresentEPPO (2022); Baker (1986); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaViviparus aterPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguina tritici (wheat seed gall nematode)PresentCHRISTIE and PERRY (1959); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)PresentStäubli et al. (1989); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022); Prospero et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Present, Few occurrencesCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Present, WidespreadNuesch (1971); Graf and Meyer (1973); Vallotton (1976); Whitehead et al. (1987); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBlok et al. (1998); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveRiel and Mulder (1998); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentVallotton (1981); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne enterolobii (Pacara earpod tree root-knot nematode)Present, Few occurrencesKiewnick et al. (2008); Kiewnick et al. (2009); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentVallotton (1981); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne mayaguensisPresent, Few occurrencesEPPO (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)Absent, Intercepted onlyCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)PresentBrown and Taylor (1987); Brown et al. (1990); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentVallotton and Perrier (1990); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusPresentOIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusAbsentOIE (2020); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisPresentOIE (2020); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesGyrodactylus salarisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciPresentOIE (2020); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentIntroducedSchoenenberger et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)PresentBohren (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin and et al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris vittata (Chinese ladder brake fern)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (kariba weed)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGut and Weber (1999); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcalypha virginicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)Present, PlantedIntroducedTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer rufinerve (grey snake-bark maple)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedBGCI (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea ptarmicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea setaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAconitum variegatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaPresent, LocalizedIntroducedSlageren (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedEuro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentNativeTutin (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga chamaepitysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga reptans (carpet bugle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAkebia quinata (five-leaf akebia)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla conjunctaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla xanthochloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAldrovanda vesiculosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium oleraceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium ursinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)Present, PlantedNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentNativeFlora Europaea (2008); Ammon and Krebs (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus rendleiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum alyssoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentAellen and Akeroyd (1993); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentAellen and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)PresentMaigre (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedBohren (2009); Euro+Med (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med (2016); USDA-ARS (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (false indigo-bush)PresentEPPO (2022); Euro+Med PlantBase (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentBeuret and Caputa (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnemone halleriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnemone sylvestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedHand (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis tinctoriaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis triumfettiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApera interruptaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAquilegia atrataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArabis collinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedMowat (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArmeria arenariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood)PresentIntroducedHegi (1929); Gut and Weber (1999); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia verlotiorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArum italicum (Italian arum)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWittenberg (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsarum europaeumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias syriaca (common milkweed)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus albusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster lanceolatus (Narrow-leaved michaelmas daisy)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus onobrychisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus penduliflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAubrieta deltoideaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaldellia ranunculoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota nigraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerteroa incana (hoary alyssum)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Alien Species in Switzerland (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens subalternansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens tripartitaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)Present, WidespreadNativeCook et al. (2005); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium pinnatumPresentSuter et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)Present, WidespreadNativeLauber and Wagner (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedWeber and Gut (2004); Warwick and Francis (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentNative and IntroducedEuro+Med (2018); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentNativeInvasiveSergei et al. (2002); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentIntroducedTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentEPPO (2022); Welten and Sutter (1982); Bohren (2009); GBIF (2009); SKEW (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFitter and Peat (1994); NOBANIS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum longifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamintha grandifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamintha nepetaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalla palustrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina microcarpa (smallseed falseflax)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina sativaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula patulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculoides (creeping bellflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculus (rampion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rotundifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentNativeWeiss and Stettmer (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella rubellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (wavy bittercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus crispus (curly plumeless thistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex ovalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex pendula (hanging sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatapodium rigidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCelastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)Present, Transient under eradicationEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea scabiosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOchsmann (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria alpinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium dubiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium ligusticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium tomentosum (boreal chickweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerinthe majorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerinthe minorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum hirsutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus hirsutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus purpureusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce humifusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce nutansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce prostrataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium bonus-henricusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium desiccatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucum (Oak-leaved goosefoot)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum corymbosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum segetumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentNativeInvasiveBacher et al. (1997); USDA-ARS (2004); Bohren (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); Holm et al. (1979); Salveter (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis rectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1964); Groppe (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClinopodium vulgarePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCochlearia officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida regalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Present, WidespreadStace (1972); Maniyar et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCronquist (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCornus sericea (redosier dogwood)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronopus squamatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDickoré and Kasperek (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)Present, PlantedNativeUSDA-ARS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis nicaeensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis pulchraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis sanctaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCruciata glabraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper)PresentNativeBraun-Blanquet (1961); Lauber and Wagner (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedValentine (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentNativeValentine (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentNativeValentine (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta monogyna (eastern dodder)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta scandensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyclamen purpurascensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCylindropuntia imbricata (imbricate prickly pear)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbalaria muralis (Kenilworth ivy)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus eragrostis (Tall flatsedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); DAISIE (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus longusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)Presentde Filippes (1980); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus decumbensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)Present, WidespreadNativeHeywood and Ball (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Roskov et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentMoore (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelphinium elatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus armeria (Deptford pink)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis tenuifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus laciniatus (cutleaf teasel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper)PresentIntroducedISSG (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDombeya wallichii (pink ball)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedAnonymous (1896)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDorycnium pentaphyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDraba aizoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentAmmon et al. (1976); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinocystis lobata (wild cucumber)PresentIntroducedPriszter (1955)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops sphaerocephalusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis atropurpureaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWittenberg (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveSher-Kaul et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus hispidus (intermediate wheatgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)PresentSturny et al. (1984); Bohren (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Alien Species in Switzerland (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpimedium alpinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis multicaulisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEranthis hyemalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron annuus (annual fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTrtikova et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMeusel and Jäger (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill)PresentNativeGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium ciconiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErucastrum nasturtiifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum repandumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum strictumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuclidium syriacumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia chamaesycePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia dulcisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia maculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia seguierianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia virgataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphrasia strictaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFagopyrum tataricumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentMayor and Maillard (1995); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLandolt (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveJeanmonod (2005); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemicaPresentBotta-Dukát and Balogh (2008); Parepa et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca heterophyllaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentNativeGrassWorld (2016); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilipendula ulmaria (queen-of-the-meadow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria viridisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria capreolataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria densifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea minimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis ladanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis segetumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis tetrahitPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)Present, LocalizedStalder (1978); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentBohren (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium saxatilePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium verrucosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaudinia fragilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista sagittalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGentiana acaulisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGentiana luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium columbinum (longstalk cranesbill)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium dissectum (cutleaf geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium molle (dovefoot geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium nodosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium phaeumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pratensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium sibiricumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlaucium flavumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria fluitansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria striataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera manicataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila muralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila repensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus pauciflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pratensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pubescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentNativeGreuter (2006); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis fulva (tawny daylily)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBrummitt (1968); Tiley et al. (1996); Hansen et al. (2006); Jahodova et al. (2007); Bohren (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria glabraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum secalinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHottonia palustrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHumulus scandens (Japanese hop)PresentIntroducedEPPO (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranaePresent, Few occurrencesNativeSager and Clerc (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum androsaemumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum calycinum (Aaron's beard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Debrunner et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balfouriiPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Sebald et al. (1998); EPPO (2022);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam)Present, WidespreadIntroducedTrepl (1984)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris foetidissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris lutescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)PresentIntroducedBall and Akeroyd (2010); Spataro and Negri (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIva xanthiifolia (marsh-elder)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedSchmid-Hollinger (1994); Infoflora (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuglans ailanthifoliaPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeKirschner (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKnautia arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria macranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca salignaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagarosiphon major (African elodea)PresentIntroducedISSG (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium galeobdolon (yellow archangel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus heterophyllusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus hirsutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nigerPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nissoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus palustrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus pratensisPresentSuter et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus sphaericusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus vernusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLegousia hybridaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentIntroducedDAISIE (2008); Preston and Croft (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeontopodium alpinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium densiflorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium didymum (lesser swine-cress)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium graminifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium ruderalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum praecoxPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucojum vernumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLilium martagonPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax)Present, LocalizedIntroducedLeo's Dictionaries (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria genistifolia (broomleaf toadflax)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria repensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria simplexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum narbonensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum perennePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLithospermum officinalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedNiggli et al. (1993); Suter et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedStevens and Meyes (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus maritimusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)Present, LocalizedIntroducedEPPO (2004); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia palustris (marsh seedbox)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentIntroducedUK, Center for Ecology and Hydrology (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlora Europaea (1968); ILDIS (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuzula niveaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLychnis coronaria (rose campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysichiton americanus (American skunk cabbage)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); Jörg (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeStuckey (1980); Mal et al. (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva alceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatricaria perforata (false chamomile)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMeconopsis cambricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017); Suter et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago monspeliacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha suaveolensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus guttatus (Monkeyflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuhlenbergia schreberiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuscari neglectum (starch grape hyacinth)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyagrum perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis palustris (True forget-me-not)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosoton aquaticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum heterophyllum (broadleaf watermilfoil)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentNativeFitter (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeslia paniculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru)PresentMoore (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNonea erectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNonea luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CWRIS (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera biennis (common evening primrose)PresentBohren (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera glazioviana (redsepal evening-primrose)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera parvifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnonis natrixPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)PresentScholz (1981); Valdés et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia humifusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithopus perpusillusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape)Present, LocalizedBorg (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentNativeChater and Webb (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)PresentNativeChater and Webb (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentQ-bank (2013); Valentine (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxytropis pilosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver apulumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver argemonePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver dubiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver pseudoorientalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWittenberg (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedDAISIE (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedHorisberger (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria maculosa (redshank)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed)PresentIntroducedRoskov et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia proliferaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia saxifragaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum hirsutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeKew (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyteuma nigrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed)PresentNativeSell and West (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed)Present, LocalizedNativeSell and West (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)Present, WidespreadNativeSell and West (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimpinella peregrinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago arenariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentEdmondson (1980); Clayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeISSG (2015); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolemonium caeruleumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentNativeEuro+Med Plantbase (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)PresentJalas and Suominen (1979); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019); Tutin and Et Al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedWalters (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeEUNIS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla goldbachiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla intermediaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla multifidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla rectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrimula elatiorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016); Suter et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia distans (weeping alkali grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedEPPO (2007); Swiss Commission for Wild Plant Conservation (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPyracantha coccinea (scarlet firethorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus aconitifoliusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus ficaria (fig buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus flammulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus gramineusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus muricatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus sardousPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRapistrum perennePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhinanthus majorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhus typhina (staghorn sumac)PresentIntroducedLenzin et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRorippa austriaca (Austrian fieldcress)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedBruun (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRostraria cristataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWittenberg (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex confertusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentSchubiger (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Suter et al. (2007); Bohren (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex scutatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina procumbensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)PresentIntroducedHess (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria sagittifoliaPresentOertli et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix eleagnosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia glutinosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia verticillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentNativeTinner et al. (1999); Michel (2009); Michel et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaxifraga hirsutaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenoplectiella supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenoplectus mucronatus (ricefield bulrush)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScilla bifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia auriculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia caninaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum hispanicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum sarmentosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum sediformePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSempervivum arachnoideumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio erucifoliusPresentBohren (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort)PresentIntroducedMayor (1996); Bohren (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)Present, WidespreadNativeReichenbach and Reichenbach (1854); Chater and Walters (1976); Suter et al. (2007); Bohren (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio nemorensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio squalidus subsp. rupestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio sylvaticus (woodland groundsel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresent, WidespreadNativeReichenbach and Reichenbach (1854); Chater and Walters (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentClayton (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene conicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dichotomaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dioicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene vulgaris (bladder campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisyrinchium montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle)Present, Transient under eradicationEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum chenopodioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentVogel and Gutzwiller (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentWerra et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBohren (2009); Royal Botanic Garden (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); Bohren (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago graminifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018); Suter et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentSchinz and Keller (1900); Boulos (1976); Suter et al. (2007); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)PresentIntroducedSchmitt (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentRatter and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia rubraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpiraea chamaedryfolia (germander meadowsweet)PresentIntroducedRoskov et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys rectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria gramineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentChater and Heywood (1972); Weiss and Nentwig (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novae-angliaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novi-belgii (New York aster)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2016); Schinz and Keller (1914)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix gallica (French tamarisk)Present, LocalizedNativeBaum (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix parviflora (small-flower tamarisk)PresentGermann and Moretti (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedKeller (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedDéséglise (1881)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium chamaedrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum aquilegiifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum simplexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi alliaceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentNativeClapham (1972); Holm et al. (1997); USDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymus pulegioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Suter et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTolpis barbataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTorilis leptophyllaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTragus racemosus (stalker bur grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium aureum (hop clover)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium constantinopolitanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium echinatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium mediumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium patensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium spadiceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium squamosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium striatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTulipa gesnerianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentNativeChambers et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha laxmanniiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha x glauca (hybrid cattail)PresentNativeKrattinger et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)PresentNativeZwölfer (1962); Wittenberg (2005); ILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)PresentManiyar et al. (2013); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)PresentTutin et al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaValerianella eriocarpaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeISSG (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022); Tutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica beccabunga (European speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica chamaedrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica filiformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Michel et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica politaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica prostrataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica triphyllosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia dumetorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia hybridaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia onobrychioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia parvifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia peregrinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia pisiformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia sylvaticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentNativeILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaViola obliquaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaViola suavisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia ciliataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia unilateralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXeranthemum annuumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentIntroducedBisang et al. (1998)
EukaryotaProtistaParamyxeaMarteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia exitiosaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia ostreaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus olseniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusavian metapneumovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentBouvier (1946); Zangger and Muller (1990)
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)Present, LocalizedKobel (1961); UK, CAB International (1969); EPPO (2014)
Virusbluetongue virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2020)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1PresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
Virusbovine leukemia virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2020)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusepizootic haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1PresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2020)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus)PresentRosciglione and Gugerli (1986); CABI (Undated)
VirusHaliotid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
Virusinfectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusinfectious myonecrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusinfectious salmon anemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusMacrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusmyxoma virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusNewcastle disease virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusNipah virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusPepino mosaic virusPresent, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
Virusporcine epidemic diarrhea virusPresentHofmann and Wyler (1988)
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Present, Transient under eradicationEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2014)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusrabies virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusred sea bream iridovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusTomato brown rugose fruit virus (Tomato brown rugose fruit virus)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2021); EPPO (2022)
VirusTomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (tomato spotted wilt)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1978); EPPO (2022)
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)PresentPelet (1992)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusvisna/maedi virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusWest Nile virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusWhite spot syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
abalone viral ganglioneuritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
acarapisosis of honey beesAbsentOIE (2020); EPPO (2009); OIE (2020)
Actinobaculum suis infectionsPresentLeman et al. (1986)
acute hepatopancreatic necrosis diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
American foul broodPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
anthraxAbsentOIE (2020); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); OIE (1997); OIE (2020)
atypical non-progressive proliferative pneumoniaPresentCABI (Undated)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
avian chlamydiosisPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsentOIE (2020); Komàromy et al. (1995); OIE (2020); CABI (Undated)
avian influenzaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020); CABI (Undated)
avipoxPresentZangger and Muller (1990); Bouvier (1946)
babesiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Gern et al. (1988)
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
blacklegPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetonguePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
bonamiosis (Bonamia exitiosa)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
bonamiosis (Bonamia ostreae)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
botulismPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine adenoviruses infectionsPresentLäuchli et al. (1990)
bovine anaplasmosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
bovine babesiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
bovine coronavirus infectionPresentBattaglia et al. (1986); Läuchli et al. (1990)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
bovine papillomatosisPresentOtten et al. (1993)
bovine papular stomatitisPresentDunant et al. (1975)
bovine parainfluenza 3 infectionPresent, WidespreadLäuchli et al. (1990)
bovine parvovirus infectionPresent, WidespreadHässig et al. (1988)
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infectionPresentFlorent et al. (1985)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
bovine tuberculosisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BP virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
chicken anaemiaPresentHoop et al. (1992)
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentChanton-Greutmann et al. (2002); Borel et al. (2004)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
ChytridiomycosisPresent, WidespreadGarner et al. (2005); OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
classical swine feverAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
contagious agalactiaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
contagious equine metritisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
crayfish plaguePresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Roch (1881); OIE (2019); OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultryPresent, WidespreadBaumgartner et al. (2000); Morgan et al. (2000); Fretz et al. (2003); Glaeser et al. (2004)
dermatophilosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Dichelobacter nodosus infectionPresentHärdi-Landerer et al. (2012); Friedrich et al. (2012)
Digenean infections of fishPresentCABI (Undated)
dourineAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
duck virus hepatitisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EchinococcusPresentOIE (2009)
Echinococcus granulosusAbsentOIE (2020); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2020)
Echinococcus multilocularisPresentOIE (2020); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2020)
encephalomyocarditisPresentHani et al. (1992)
enzootic abortion of ewesPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
eperythrozoonosis in pigsPresentHeinritzi et al. (1990)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic ulcerative syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
equine influenzaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
equine piroplasmosisPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
equine rhinopneumonitisPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
equine viral arteritisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
Escherichia coli infectionsPresentRutishauser et al. (1984); Busato et al. (1998); Stephan et al. (2000)
European foul broodPresentOIE (2020); Fried (2012); OIE (2020)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
fowl choleraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowl typhoidAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
giardiasisPresentNesvadba et al. (1982); Taminelli and Eckert (1989); Ey et al. (1997)
glandersAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Glässer's diseasePresent, WidespreadKielstein and Rapp-Gabrielson (1992)
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Haemophilus somnus infectionPresentCorboz and Wild (1981)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
hepatitis E virus infectionPresent, WidespreadWacheck et al. (2012)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infection with Marteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
infection with Perkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
infection with Perkinsus olseniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Infection with Pseudogymnoascus destructans in bats (white-nose syndrome)PresentWibbelt et al. (2010)
Infection with salmonid alphavirusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
infectious bursal diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisAbsentOIE (2020); Office International des Epizooties (2004); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
infectious laryngotracheitisPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020); CABI (Undated)
infectious myonecrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
infectious salmon anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
koi herpesvirus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); Haenen et al. (2004); OIE (2020)
leishmaniosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
leptospirosisPresentOIE (2009)
listeriosisPresentBüla et al. (1995); OIE Handistatus (2005)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
lyme borreliosisPresent, WidespreadCABI (Undated)
malignant catarrhal feverPresentOIE Handistatus (2005); CABI (Undated)
Marek's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); OIE (2000)
Mycoplasma bovigenitalium infectionsPresentUnternährer (1990)
Mycoplasma bovis infectionsPresent, WidespreadNicolet (1994); Nicolet (1994)
Mycoplasma conjunctivae infectionPresentDegiorgis (1998); Degiorgis et al. (2000); Janovsky et al. (2001)
Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (LC) infectionsPresentPerrin et al. (1994)
myxomatosisPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
necrotizing hepatopancreatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
neosporosisPresent, WidespreadGottstein et al. (1998)
Newcastle diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
paratuberculosisPresentWhittington et al. (2019); OIE (2020); OIE (2020); CABI (Undated)
Pasteurella multocida infectionsPresentBoerlin et al. (2000)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine epidemic diarrhoeaPresentHofmann and Wyler (1988)
Porcine hemagglutinating encephalomyelitisPresentSteck et al. (1975)
porcine parvovirus infectionPresentZanoni et al. (1984)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
pullorum diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
pulmonary adenomatosisPresentPusterla et al. (1995); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseasePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
rabiesAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Ranavirus infection in amphibiansAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
rinderpestAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultryPresent, LocalizedRutishauser and Wyler (1984); Guscetti et al. (1994)
scrapieAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2004); OIE (2020); CABI (Undated)
sheep and goat poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
small hive beetle infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
spherical baculovirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
spring viraemia of carpAbsentOIE (2020); Bernet and Wahli (2002); OIE (2020)
stranglesPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
surraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Taura syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresentHilpertshauser et al. (2007)
theileriosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
tickborne encephalitisPresentTraavik (1994)
tick-borne feverPresentPfister et al. (1987)
torovirus infectionsPresentKoopmans and Horzinek (1994)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsentOIE (2020); Bereiter et al. (1988); OIE (2020); CABI (Undated)
TrichinellaPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
trypanosomosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
tuberculosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
tularaemiaPresentOIE (2020); Friedl et al. (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Ureaplasma infectionsPresentUnternährer (1990)
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2020); Knuesel et al. (2003); OIE (2020); CABI (Undated)
visna/maediPresentOIE (2020); Pépin et al. (1998); Schaller et al. (2000); OIE (2020)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
white spot diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
white tail diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Xenohaliotis californiensis infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
yellow head diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
ApplesArea harvested3,7363,7863,8063,8543,863
Production quantity189,726296,778145,864227,300214,250
Yield507,832 Fc783,883 Fc383,248 Fc589,777 Fc554,621 Fc
ApricotsArea harvested742739736721709
Production quantity9,0179,3934,7209,2538,364
Yield121,523 Fc127,104 Fc64,130 Fc128,336 Fc117,969 Fc
ArtichokesArea harvested667 Im43
Production quantity413 Im36
Yield6,667 Fc1,667 Fc4,286 Fc7,500 Fc20,000 Fc
AsparagusArea harvested416393397413380
Production quantity666712722611679
Yield16,010 Fc18,117 Fc18,186 Fc14,794 Fc17,868 Fc
BarleyArea harvested27,17828,27328,45528,93828,753
Production quantity190,167182,120207,374159,890198,637
Yield69,971 Fc64,415 Fc72,878 Fc55,253 Fc69,084 Fc
Beans, dryArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Beans, greenArea harvested1,1321,2181,2161,3191,420
Production quantity8,4709,86911,0769,55010,327
Yield74,823 Fc81,026 Fc91,086 Fc72,403 Fc72,725 Fc
Berries nesArea harvested31 Im31 Im30 Im29 Im25 Im
Production quantity155 Im150 Im146 Im140 Im126 Im
Yield50,000 Fc48,387 Fc48,667 Fc48,276 Fc50,400 Fc
BlueberriesArea harvested10493938376
Production quantity561366287321410
Yield53,942 Fc39,355 Fc30,860 Fc38,675 Fc53,947 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea harvested1,0021,0031,039646556
Production quantity3,1632,6143,0241,6911,472
Yield31,567 Fc26,062 Fc29,105 Fc26,176 Fc26,475 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested1,0591,0831,1371,0421,027
Production quantity27,63032,48039,29534,15732,741
Yield260,907 Fc299,908 Fc345,602 Fc327,802 Fc318,802 Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea harvested2,1892,1092,1111,9821,961
Production quantity69,94169,96176,98568,43371,952
Yield319,511 Fc331,726 Fc364,685 Fc345,272 Fc366,915 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea harvested1,3751,4821,3591,2471,164
Production quantity12,57514,55513,55812,59114,138
Yield91,455 Fc98,212 Fc99,765 Fc100,970 Fc121,460 Fc
Cereals nesArea harvested11641504382 Im
Production quantity367879682189 Im
Yield31,638 Fc21,220 Fc19,200 Fc19,070 Fc23,049 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested141,680 A142,142 A143,615 A144,314 A141,474 A
Production quantity932,528 A882,055 A976,614 A743,880 A909,943 A
Yield65,819 Fc62,054 Fc68,002 Fc51,546 Fc64,319 Fc
CherriesArea harvested595587595594579
Production quantity8,91411,3914,4985,6857,678
Yield149,815 Fc194,055 Fc75,597 Fc95,707 Fc132,608 Fc
ChestnutArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantity26517726517744
Chillies and peppers, greenArea harvested2321211921
Production quantity9491,057918725930
Yield412,609 Fc503,333 Fc437,143 Fc381,579 Fc442,857 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea harvested9792968792
Production quantity12,90413,51114,39414,93113,628
Yield1,330,309 Fc1,468,587 Fc1,499,375 Fc1,716,207 Fc1,481,304 Fc
CurrantsArea harvested66555
Production quantity6264526673
Yield103,333 Fc106,667 Fc104,000 Fc132,000 Fc146,000 Fc
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested21,807 A21,866 A21,901 A21,932 A21,893 A
Production quantity394,926 A545,233 A303,410 A433,370 A401,943 A
Yield181,101 Fc249,352 Fc138,537 Fc197,597 Fc183,594 Fc
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvested1 Im1 Im1 Im1 Im1 Im
Production quantity35 Im35 Im35 Im34 Im21 Im
Yield350,000 Fc350,000 Fc350,000 Fc340,000 Fc210,000 Fc
GarlicArea harvested6049402722
Production quantity5851423434
Yield9,667 Fc10,408 Fc10,500 Fc12,593 Fc15,455 Fc
GooseberriesArea harvested5048414033
Production quantity439530428506449
Yield87,800 Fc110,417 Fc104,390 Fc126,500 Fc136,061 Fc
Grain, mixedArea harvested266222245221196
Production quantity1,3491,1201,2939351,127
Yield50,714 Fc50,450 Fc52,776 Fc42,308 Fc57,500 Fc
GrapesArea harvested14,70414,71214,74814,78014,793
Production quantity124,061140,742100,364136,352107,786
Yield84,372 Fc95,665 Fc68,053 Fc92,254 Fc72,863 Fc
HopsArea harvested2120191717
Production quantity3429193123
Yield16,190 Fc14,500 Fc10,000 Fc18,235 Fc13,529 Fc
Kiwi fruitArea harvested1919191919
Production quantity296474431375439
Yield155,789 Fc249,474 Fc226,842 Fc197,368 Fc231,053 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegetablesArea harvested422461461446432
Production quantity11,61611,79113,52613,66812,067
Yield275,261 Fc255,770 Fc293,406 Fc306,457 Fc279,329 Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea harvested3,2373,3053,4143,2893,453
Production quantity59,06963,03569,53465,94671,131
Yield182,481 Fc190,726 Fc203,673 Fc200,505 Fc205,998 Fc
LinseedArea harvested157174160135121
Production quantity335340404286297
Yield21,338 Fc19,540 Fc25,250 Fc21,185 Fc24,545 Fc
LupinsArea harvested162163115115105
Production quantity550469358224311
Yield33,951 Fc28,773 Fc31,130 Fc19,478 Fc29,619 Fc
MaizeArea harvested16,01513,79415,19214,16612,564
Production quantity174,627134,834162,454144,406113,000
Yield109,040 Fc97,748 Fc106,934 Fc101,938 Fc89,940 Fc
Maize, greenArea harvested210203192181200
Production quantity4804576956081,772
Yield22,857 Fc22,512 Fc36,198 Fc33,591 Fc88,600 Fc
Melons, other (inc.cantaloupes)Area harvested32455
Production quantity11116
Yield3,333 Fc5,000 Fc2,500 FcFc32,000 Fc
MilletArea harvested3112331867263
Production quantity1,469934788152132
Yield47,235 Fc40,086 Fc42,366 Fc21,111 Fc20,952 Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction quantity7,3617,3767,5047,4077,396
OatsArea harvested1,7131,6291,8991,6841,587
Production quantity9,6468,25610,2107,1067,772
Yield56,311 Fc50,681 Fc53,765 Fc42,197 Fc48,973 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested30,619 A30,303 A27,615 A27,835 A29,890 A
Production quantity91,379 A98,225 A100,195 A89,752 A101,180 A
Yield29,844 Fc32,414 Fc36,283 Fc32,244 Fc33,851 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested30,619 A30,303 A27,615 A27,835 A29,890 A
Production quantity53,553 A57,509 A59,063 A53,025 A60,215 A
Yield17,490 Fc18,978 Fc21,388 Fc19,050 Fc20,145 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested30,619 A30,303 A27,615 A27,835 A29,890 A
Production quantity34,163 A37,050 A37,420 A33,582 A37,919 A
Yield11,157 Fc12,227 Fc13,551 Fc12,065 Fc12,686 Fc
Oilseeds nesArea harvested141131837150
Production quantity151154886636
Yield10,709 Fc11,756 Fc10,602 Fc9,296 Fc7,200 Fc
Onions, dryArea harvested1,108969940898852
Production quantity40,31742,87736,31439,45131,580
Yield363,872 Fc442,487 Fc386,319 Fc439,321 Fc370,657 Fc
Onions, shallots, greenArea harvested171181172173156
Production quantity2,5652,6752,8852,6662,207
Yield150,000 Fc147,790 Fc167,733 Fc154,104 Fc141,474 Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea harvested1111101010
Production quantity225204248244246
Yield204,545 Fc185,455 Fc248,000 Fc244,000 Fc246,000 Fc
PearsArea harvested765783769759752
Production quantity41,31358,13131,05434,69943,798
Yield540,039 Fc742,414 Fc403,823 Fc457,167 Fc582,420 Fc
Peas, dryArea harvested3,8754,2674,4764,5534,355
Production quantity13,90913,65115,9639,02115,033
Yield35,894 Fc31,992 Fc35,664 Fc19,813 Fc34,519 Fc
Peas, greenArea harvested9661,0729827921,011
Production quantity5,2356,0065,9574,3985,699
Yield54,193 Fc56,026 Fc60,662 Fc55,530 Fc56,370 Fc
Plums and sloesArea harvested317323328326330
Production quantity6,94414,2633,9855,7665,806
Yield219,054 Fc441,579 Fc121,494 Fc176,871 Fc175,939 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested10,98111,10711,27610,99510,891
Production quantity414,337447,600461,188372,900388,800
Yield377,322 Fc402,989 Fc409,000 Fc339,154 Fc356,992 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested5,039 A5,433 A5,630 A5,314 A5,016 A
Production quantity17,622 A16,734 A19,345 A10,936 A16,816 A
Yield34,971 Fc30,801 Fc34,361 Fc20,580 Fc33,525 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea harvested693710696641571
Production quantity17,27115,90519,93114,41915,428
Yield249,221 Fc224,014 Fc286,365 Fc224,945 Fc270,193 Fc
QuincesArea harvested1111988
Production quantity635694391390518
Yield577,273 Fc630,909 Fc434,444 Fc487,500 Fc647,500 Fc
RapeseedArea harvested22,69722,81120,41920,97923,432
Production quantity67,84377,47877,61271,90087,004
Yield29,891 Fc33,965 Fc38,010 Fc34,272 Fc37,130 Fc
RaspberriesArea harvested202202193181181
Production quantity3,9973,8083,5723,0512,805
Yield197,871 Fc188,515 Fc185,078 Fc168,564 Fc154,972 Fc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested10,981 A11,107 A11,276 A10,995 A10,891 A
Production quantity414,337 A447,600 A461,188 A372,900 A388,800 A
Yield377,322 Fc402,989 Fc409,000 Fc339,154 Fc356,992 Fc
RyeArea harvested1,9051,8552,0041,9851,928
Production quantity11,18410,11212,4238,41111,918
Yield58,709 Fc54,512 Fc61,991 Fc42,373 Fc61,815 Fc
SoybeansArea harvested1,7211,8011,6951,7651,719
Production quantity5,3503,7405,6424,5004,054
Yield31,087 Fc20,766 Fc33,286 Fc25,496 Fc23,583 Fc
SpinachArea harvested9059539959721,057
Production quantity15,07015,76716,13515,48315,793
Yield166,519 Fc165,446 Fc162,161 Fc159,290 Fc149,413 Fc
StrawberriesArea harvested510512514517504
Production quantity8,5458,2097,3349,1889,158
Yield167,549 Fc160,332 Fc142,685 Fc177,718 Fc181,706 Fc
Sugar beetArea harvested17,55518,57819,13519,09519,759
Production quantity1,454,5361,263,4621,544,7811,277,4071,355,710
Yield828,559 Fc680,085 Fc807,307 Fc668,975 Fc686,123 Fc
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvested17,555 A18,578 A19,135 A19,095 A19,759 A
Production quantity1,454,536 A1,263,462 A1,544,781 A1,277,407 A1,355,710 A
Yield828,559 Fc680,085 Fc807,307 Fc668,975 Fc686,123 Fc
Sunflower seedArea harvested5,9035,3865,2584,8854,568
Production quantity17,70016,51316,44913,0009,789
Yield29,985 Fc30,659 Fc31,284 Fc26,612 Fc21,430 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvested428461473472478
Production quantity888 Im956 Im982 Im1,0131,033
Yield20,748 Fc20,738 Fc20,761 Fc21,462 Fc21,611 Fc
TomatoesArea harvested178188187184190
Production quantity38,19943,99642,53341,90742,093
Yield2,146,011 Fc2,340,213 Fc2,274,492 Fc2,277,554 Fc2,215,421 Fc
Treenuts, TotalArea harvested1,660 A1,678 A1,691 A1,740 A1,732 A
Production quantity2,674 A2,628 A2,752 A2,724 A2,586 A
Yield16,108 Fc15,662 Fc16,274 Fc15,655 Fc14,931 Fc
TriticaleArea harvested7,6837,9608,5238,7218,252
Production quantity46,26047,34251,42436,17849,911
Yield60,211 Fc59,475 Fc60,336 Fc41,484 Fc60,484 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested16,490 A16,784 A16,568 A15,950 A16,072 A
Production quantity380,412 A406,047 A426,888 A396,968 A397,169 A
Yield230,693 Fc241,925 Fc257,658 Fc248,883 Fc247,119 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested2,2322,2622,1142,1922,046
Production quantity49,98853,91954,81249,90947,499
Yield223,961 Fc238,369 Fc259,281 Fc227,687 Fc232,155 Fc
Vegetables, leguminous nesArea harvested1127314214
Production quantity4446697169
Yield40,000 Fc17,037 Fc22,258 Fc16,905 Fc49,286 Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea harvested1,660 Im1,678 Im1,691 Im1,740 Im1,732 Im
Production quantity2,4092,4512,4872,5472,542
Yield14,512 Fc14,607 Fc14,707 Fc14,638 Fc14,677 Fc
WheatArea harvested86,49388,13587,06188,48488,049
Production quantity497,459497,250530,552386,720527,257
Yield57,514 Fc56,419 Fc60,940 Fc43,705 Fc59,882 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea1,510 Q1,513 Q1,516 Q1,519 Q1,522 Q
AgricultureArea1,537 Q1,540 Q1,543 Q1,546 Q1,549 Q
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area160 Q150 Q140 Q135 Q133 Q
Arable landArea398 Q398 Q399 Q398 Q399 Q
Coastal watersArea0 Q0 Q0 Q0 Q0 Q
Country areaArea4,129 Q4,129 Q4,129 Q4,129 Q4,129 Q
CroplandArea423 Q423 Q424 Q423 Q425 Q
Cropland area under organic agric.Area38 Q34 Q29 Q27 Q26 Q
Farm buildings & farmyardsArea26 Q26 Q26 Q26 Q26 Q
Forest landArea1,262 Q1,259 Q1,255 Q1,252 Q1,248 Fm
Inland watersArea177 Q177 Q177 Q177 Q177 Q
Land areaArea3,952 Q3,952 Q3,952 Q3,952 Q3,952 Q
Land area equipped for irrigationArea52 Fm52 Fm52 I54 Fm55 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea1,087 Q1,090 Q1,092 Q1,096 Q1,097 Q
Land under permanent cropsArea25 Q25 Q25 Q25 Q26 Q
Land under protective coverArea27 Fm27 Q27 Q27 Q27 Q
Land under temp. meadows and pasturesArea123 Q124 Q126 Q126 Q128 Q
Land under temporary cropsArea272 Q271 Q270 Q270 Q269 Q
Land with temporary fallowArea3 Q3 Q3 Q3 Q3 Q
Naturally regenerating forestArea1,111 Fm1,106 Fm1,102 Fm1,097 Fm1,093 Fm
Other landArea1,153 Fc1,153 Fc1,153 Fc1,154 Fc1,154 Fc
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea616 Fc617 Q620 Q621 Q621 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. growingArea471 Q473 Q472 Q475 Q476 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures area under organic agric.Area122 Q115 Q110 Q108 Q107 Q
Planted ForestArea151 Q152 Q154 Q155 Q156 Fm
Primary ForestArea40 Fm40 Fm40 Q40 Fm
Agriculture area actually irrigatedArea33 Q
Cropland area actually irrigatedArea31 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures area actually irrig.Area2 Q
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc.
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.