Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Congo

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Datasheet

Congo

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 5,380,508 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 1,720 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 9,248.58 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 12,267.39 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 7.78 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentBradbury (1986); Rott et al. (1989); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typePresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginaleAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO (2021)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight)PresentDaniel et al. (1979); Bradbury (1986); UK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoux et al. (2000);
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. elaeidis (fusarium wilt of oil palm)Present, WidespreadRenard and Quillec (1984); UK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella xylarioides (coffee wilt)PresentEPPO (2022); UK, CAB International (1970)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMourichon (1986); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)PresentEPPO (2022); Brun (1972); Seif and Hillocks (1993)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentFoscolo and Lefevre (1939); UK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma variegatum (tropical bont tick)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)PresentIntroducedCABI and EPPO (2008); Vayssieres et al. (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBagrada hilaris (painted bug)PresentPalumbo et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); Abdullahi et al. (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Present, LocalizedNativeMeyer (2000); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeroplastes destructor (white wax scale)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1960); De Lotto (1965); Qin and Gullan (1999); Hodgson and Peronti (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)PresentNativeInvasiveJames (1947)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadInvasiveSubra (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)PresentDanzig (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1972); Ben-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1966); Ben-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1961)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentDrouillon (1959); Cristancho et al. (2007); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentUK, CAB International (1957)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentIntroducedWilliams (1986); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)Present, WidespreadGutierrez and Bonato (1994); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentMillar (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOxycarenus hyalinipennis (cotton, seed bug)PresentEPPO (2022); Samy (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentNativeInvasiveWheeler (1922)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveZeddies et al. (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhryneta leprosaPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentMatile-Ferrero (1978); CABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus kenyae (coffee mealybug)PresentCox (1989); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRastrococcus invadens (fruit tree mealybug)PresentMoussa and Matile-Ferrero (1988); CABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentDelobel (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1972); Haggis (1984); Rose et al. (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFAO (2018); Day et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1967); Mobouna et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStictococcus vayssierei (cassava brown root scale)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentEssig (1949); CABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1973)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentIntroducedWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZaprionus tuberculatusPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstatoreochromis alluaudi (Alluaud's haplo)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Absent, EradicatedCockrill (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentIntroducedFAO (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHeterotis niloticus (African bonytongue)Present, WidespreadIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese R and Pauly D (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLates niloticus (Nile perch)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese R and Pauly D (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)Absent, Formerly presentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2022); FAO (1997); Pullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataQuelea quelea (weaver bird)Present, Few occurrencesNativeInvasiveCraig (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSarotherodon galilaeus (mango tilapia)PresentNativeJohnson (1974)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSchilbe mystus (African butter catfish)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Olatunde (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis)PresentNativeHoyo et al. (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentLuc et al. (1964); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Present, WidespreadLuc et al. (1964); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern)Present, LocalizedNativeDyer et al. (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)PresentNativeJoncheere (1960); GBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (kariba weed)Present, WidespreadGunn and Ritchie (1982); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeJohn et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus esculentus (okra)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia polyacantha (hook thorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentIntroducedPauwels (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentHauman (1951); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBalanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)PresentIntroducedHassler (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBreynia disticha (snowbush)PresentIntroducedZipcodeZoo (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentNativeInvasivePIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia gladiata (sword bean)PresentIntroducedPOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentEPPO (2022); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGautier (1992); Bani (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon zizanioides (vetiver)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinchona pubescens (quinine tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedPURSEGLOVE (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedSita and Moutsamboté (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)PresentCimanga et al. (2002); Cimanga et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentNativeGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea cayenensis (Guinea yam)PresentNativePROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDracaena fragrans (corn plant)PresentNativeGovaerts (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLabrada (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGopal (1987); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentFAO (2009); Duke (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentNativePhillips (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia coccinea (scarlet tasselflower)PresentJeffrey (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus sideroxylon (black ironbark)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia trigona (African milk weed)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFuntumia elastica (West African rubber tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp)PresentIntroducedGovaerts and Barker (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentNgongo and Lunze (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGossypium barbadense (Gallini cotton)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeteropogon contortus (spear grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHevea brasiliensis (rubber)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis spicigera (black sesame)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (white moonflower )PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea cairica (five-fingered morning glory)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea nil (white edge morning-glory)PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum dichotomum (Gold Coast jasmine)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKyllinga polyphylla (navua sedge)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentRaven (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentRaven (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaesopsis eminii (umbrella tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMussaenda erythrophylla (red flag bush)PresentNativeGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum (African basil)PresentNativeWCSP (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia lancifolia (calycose mille graines)PresentNativeGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza barthiiPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Clayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)PresentN'zala et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Szafranski et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Clayton and Renvoize (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentNativeInvasiveMbale (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedMairura (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedFAO (2001); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentPoellnitz (1934)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRauvolfia caffra (quinine tree )PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamphicarpa fistulosaPresentHansen (1975)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentIntroducedRoyal Museum for Central Africa (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentUsman et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida linifolia (flaxleaf fanpetals)PresentIntroducedWildeman (1919)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium (sticky nightshade)PresentIntroducedISSG (2020); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)PresentKimpouni (2008); N'zala et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentIntroducedHutchinson et al. (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentIntroducedSauer (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)PresentMohamed et al. (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga hermonthica (witchweed)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Szafranski et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedBasabose et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Mexican sunflower)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBamps and Farron (1967)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachypogon spicatus (spiked crinkleawn)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTripsacum dactyloides (eastern gamagrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentNativeSita and Moutsamboté (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass)PresentAfrican Plant Database (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma congolensePresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma vivaxPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
VirusAfrican cassava mosaic virus (African cassava mosaic)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); Ntawuruhunga et al. (2007)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)PresentInvasiveThomas et al. (1994); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
VirusCassava mosaic disease (African cassava mosaic)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (1998)
VirusEast African cassava mosaic virusPresent, WidespreadNativeInvasiveNtawuruhunga et al. (2007); Neuenschwander et al. (2002);
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusMaize chlorotic mottle virusPresentLukanda et al. (2014)
VirusMaize streak virus (streak disease of maize)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
VirusNewcastle disease virusAbsentOIE (2018)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2018)
Virusrabies virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
African swine feverPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
babesiosisAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bovine anaplasmosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine ephemeral feverPresentCABI (Undated)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2009); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2012); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); CABI (Undated)
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentGrimes and Arizmendi (1992)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationPresentNativeInvasiveJames (1947)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2018)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverPresentWHO (2001)
Echinococcus multilocularisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtlesPresentGirard et al. (2013)
fowl typhoidAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
heartwaterAbsentOIE (2019); Rousselot (1957); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
leishmaniosisAbsentOIE (2019)
leptospirosisAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Newcastle diseaseAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2012)
paratuberculosisPresentDéom and Mortelmans (1955)
peste des petits ruminantsPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018)
rabiesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
sheep and goat poxAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
theileriosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
TrichinellaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
trypanosomosisAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
tuberculosisPresentOIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
West Nile feverPresentHayes (1989)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
AvocadosArea harvested1,279 Im1,251 Im1,222 Im1,194 Im1,164 Im
Production quantity10,326 Im10,072 Im9,817 Im9,563 Im9,298 Im
Yield80,735 Fc80,512 Fc80,336 Fc80,092 Fc79,880 Fc
BananasArea harvested12,823 Im12,686 Im12,552 Im12,419 Im12,397 Im
Production quantity85,057 Im84,752 Im84,447 Im84,142 Im84,556 Im
Yield66,332 Fc66,808 Fc67,278 Fc67,753 Fc68,207 Fc
Beans, dryArea harvested5,343 Im5,291 Im5,238 Im5,185 Im5,153 Im
Production quantity4,359 Im4,306 Im4,252 Im4,199 Im4,193 Im
Yield8,158 Fc8,138 Fc8,118 Fc8,098 Fc8,137 Fc
Beans, greenArea harvested1,017 Im1,016 Im1,015 Im1,014 Im1,034 Im
Production quantity4,246 Im4,220 Im4,194 Im4,168 Im4,222 Im
Yield41,750 Fc41,535 Fc41,320 Fc41,105 Fc40,832 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested110 Im108 Im107 Im106 Im105 Im
Production quantity1,646 Im1,627 Im1,606 Im1,587 Im1,571 Im
Yield149,636 Fc150,648 Fc150,093 Fc149,717 Fc149,619 Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea harvested84 Im82 Im80 Im79 Im78 Im
Production quantity533 Im522 Im512 Im501 Im494 Im
Yield63,452 Fc63,659 Fc64,000 Fc63,418 Fc63,333 Fc
CassavaArea harvested134,433 Im133,325 Im132,197 Im131,048 Im130,645 Im
Production quantity1,457,028 Im1,432,215 Im1,407,402 Im1,382,589 Im1,375,351 Im
Yield108,383 Fc107,423 Fc106,462 Fc105,502 Fc105,274 Fc
Cassava leavesArea harvested8,145 Im8,062 Im7,978 Im7,893 Im8,034 Im
Production quantity91,865 Im90,297 Im88,729 Im87,161 Im87,866 Im
Yield112,787 Fc112,003 Fc111,217 Fc110,428 Fc109,368 Fc
Cereals nesArea harvested3,696 Im3,663 Im3,630 Im3,597 Im3,549 Im
Production quantity2,545 Im2,520 Im2,495 Im2,469 Im2,434 Im
Yield6,886 Fc6,880 Fc6,873 Fc6,864 Fc6,858 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested35,963 A35,718 A35,274 A34,824 A34,179 A
Production quantity32,258 A31,099 A30,330 A29,574 A28,526 A
Yield8,970 Fc8,707 Fc8,598 Fc8,492 Fc8,346 Fc
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvested2,039 A2,024 A2,012 A1,993 A2,018 A
Production quantity15,880 A15,650 A15,421 A15,162 A15,142 A
Yield77,881 Fc77,322 Fc76,645 Fc76,076 Fc75,035 Fc
Cocoa, beansArea harvested14,362 Im16,007 Im12,000 F11,000 F8,929 Im
Production quantity4,000 *4,500 *3,500 *3,800 *2,500 *
Yield2,785 Fc2,811 Fc2,917 Fc3,455 Fc2,800 Fc
CoconutsArea harvested859 Im688 Im688 Im688 Im920 Im
Production quantity3,000 *2,400 *2,400 *2,400 *3,200 *
Yield34,924 Fc34,884 Fc34,884 Fc34,884 Fc34,783 Fc
Coffee, greenArea harvested10,083 Im9,985 Im9,888 Im9,792 Im10,014 Im
Production quantity3,069 Im3,049 Im3,030 Im3,010 Im3,039 Im
Yield3,044 Fc3,054 Fc3,064 Fc3,074 Fc3,035 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area harvested306 Im295 Im284 Im274 Im264 Im
Production quantity2,672 Im2,637 Im2,602 Im2,567 Im2,540 Im
Yield87,320 Fc89,390 Fc91,620 Fc93,686 Fc96,212 Fc
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested37,607 A37,597 A37,724 A38,013 A38,886 A
Production quantity254,226 A255,072 A256,872 A259,874 A266,712 A
Yield67,601 Fc67,844 Fc68,092 Fc68,365 Fc68,588 Fc
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvested6,223 Im6,145 Im6,066 Im5,988 Im5,916 Im
Production quantity30,747 Im30,364 Im29,981 Im29,599 Im29,355 Im
Yield49,409 Fc49,413 Fc49,425 Fc49,431 Fc49,620 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area harvested344 Im339 Im334 Im329 Im322 Im
Production quantity5,786 Im5,642 Im5,499 Im5,355 Im5,146 Im
Yield168,198 Fc166,431 Fc164,641 Fc162,766 Fc159,814 Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea harvested45,132 Im45,252 Im45,561 Im46,116 Im48,099 Im
Production quantity24,116 Im24,264 Im24,514 Im24,898 Im25,508 Im
Yield5,343 Fc5,362 Fc5,380 Fc5,399 Fc5,303 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegetablesArea harvested419 Im412 Im405 Im399 Im390 Im
Production quantity1,867 Im1,846 Im1,825 Im1,804 Im1,782 Im
Yield44,558 Fc44,806 Fc45,062 Fc45,213 Fc45,692 Fc
Lemons and limesArea harvested472 Im465 Im459 Im451 Im461 Im
Production quantity5,226 Im5,152 Im5,078 Im4,987 Im5,106 Im
Yield110,720 Fc110,796 Fc110,632 Fc110,576 Fc110,759 Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea harvested21 Im21 Im21 Im20 Im21 Im
Production quantity822 Im817 Im812 Im808 Im811 Im
Yield391,429 Fc389,048 Fc386,667 Fc404,000 Fc386,190 Fc
MaizeArea harvested14,000 *14,033 Im13,869 Im13,703 Im13,430 Im
Production quantity14,000 *13,166 Im12,720 Im12,288 Im11,673 Im
Yield10,000 Fc9,382 Fc9,172 Fc8,967 Fc8,692 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea harvested4,938 Im4,891 Im4,844 Im4,830 Im4,715 Im
Production quantity37,040 Im36,911 Im36,781 Im36,892 Im36,114 Im
Yield75,010 Fc75,467 Fc75,931 Fc76,381 Fc76,594 Fc
MelonseedArea harvested7,600 Im7,583 Im7,565 Im7,547 Im7,537 Im
Production quantity3,623 Im3,617 Im3,612 Im3,606 Im3,605 Im
Yield4,767 Fc4,770 Fc4,775 Fc4,778 Fc4,783 Fc
MilletArea harvested16,237 Im15,996 Im15,752 Im15,504 Im15,163 Im
Production quantity14,499 Im14,197 Im13,896 Im13,595 Im13,197 Im
Yield8,930 Fc8,875 Fc8,822 Fc8,769 Fc8,703 Fc
Oil palm fruitArea harvested12,537 Im12,400 Im12,264 Im12,128 Im12,013 Im
Production quantity155,789 Im154,159 Im152,530 Im150,900 Im149,951 Im
Yield124,263 Fc124,322 Fc124,372 Fc124,423 Fc124,824 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested66,736 A66,532 A66,687 A67,088 A69,174 A
Production quantity186,791 A184,706 A183,324 A182,074 A182,538 A
Yield27,990 Fc27,762 Fc27,490 Fc27,140 Fc26,388 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested66,736 A66,532 A66,687 A67,088 A69,174 A
Production quantity16,573 A16,528 A16,570 A16,663 A16,930 A
Yield2,483 Fc2,484 Fc2,485 Fc2,484 Fc2,447 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested66,736 A66,532 A66,687 A67,088 A69,174 A
Production quantity42,724 A42,336 A42,056 A41,815 A41,897 A
Yield6,402 Fc6,363 Fc6,306 Fc6,233 Fc6,057 Fc
OkraArea harvested581 Im565 Im549 Im533 Im542 Im
Production quantity1,748 Im1,700 Im1,653 Im1,606 Im1,630 Im
Yield30,086 Fc30,088 Fc30,109 Fc30,131 Fc30,074 Fc
Onions, dryArea harvested70 Im67 Im64 Im61 Im58 Im
Production quantity612 Im607 Im603 Im598 Im594 Im
Yield87,429 Fc90,597 Fc94,219 Fc98,033 Fc102,414 Fc
OrangesArea harvested588 Im590 Im593 Im595 Im595 Im
Production quantity2,221 Im2,227 Im2,233 Im2,239 Im2,236 Im
Yield37,772 Fc37,746 Fc37,656 Fc37,630 Fc37,580 Fc
PapayasArea harvested232 Im228 Im225 Im221 Im219 Im
Production quantity3,953 Im3,885 Im3,817 Im3,750 Im3,696 Im
Yield170,388 Fc170,395 Fc169,644 Fc169,683 Fc168,767 Fc
Peas, dryArea harvested9,466 Im9,326 Im9,187 Im9,048 Im8,903 Im
Production quantity6,946 Im6,856 Im6,767 Im6,677 Im6,598 Im
Yield7,338 Fc7,351 Fc7,366 Fc7,380 Fc7,411 Fc
PineapplesArea harvested916 Im925 Im939 Im957 Im984 Im
Production quantity3,412 Im3,437 Im3,477 Im3,534 Im3,618 Im
Yield37,249 Fc37,157 Fc37,029 Fc36,928 Fc36,768 Fc
Plantains and othersArea harvested9,157 Im9,447 Im9,864 Im10,411 Im11,473 Im
Production quantity67,811 Im70,001 Im73,131 Im77,232 Im84,933 Im
Yield74,054 Fc74,099 Fc74,139 Fc74,183 Fc74,029 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested694 Im684 Im673 Im663 Im659 Im
Production quantity6,013 Im5,917 Im5,821 Im5,724 Im5,682 Im
Yield86,643 Fc86,506 Fc86,493 Fc86,335 Fc86,222 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested14,809 A14,617 A14,425 A14,233 A14,056 A
Production quantity11,305 A11,162 A11,019 A10,876 A10,791 A
Yield7,634 Fc7,636 Fc7,639 Fc7,641 Fc7,677 Fc
Rice, paddyArea harvested2,030 Im2,026 Im2,023 Im2,020 Im2,037 Im
Production quantity1,214 Im1,216 Im1,219 Im1,222 Im1,222 Im
Yield5,980 Fc6,002 Fc6,026 Fc6,050 Fc5,999 Fc
Rice, paddy (rice milled equivalent)Production quantity810 Fc811 Fc813 Fc815 Fc815 Fc
Roots and tubers nesArea harvested9,206 Im8,961 Im8,720 Im8,484 Im8,227 Im
Production quantity61,958 Im61,167 Im60,377 Im59,586 Im58,791 Im
Yield67,302 Fc68,259 Fc69,240 Fc70,233 Fc71,461 Fc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested149,585 A148,100 A146,593 A145,067 A144,193 A
Production quantity1,550,641 A1,524,556 A1,498,473 A1,472,384 A1,463,756 A
Yield103,663 Fc102,941 Fc102,220 Fc101,497 Fc101,514 Fc
Rubber, naturalArea harvested3,025 Im2,941 Im2,857 Im2,773 Im2,669 Im
Production quantity2,710 Im2,633 Im2,556 Im2,479 Im2,400 Im
Yield8,959 Fc8,953 Fc8,946 Fc8,940 Fc8,992 Fc
Sesame seedArea harvested608 Im609 Im609 Im609 Im605 Im
Production quantity263 Im266 Im268 Im270 Im274 Im
Yield4,326 Fc4,368 Fc4,401 Fc4,433 Fc4,529 Fc
SpinachArea harvested107 Im106 Im106 Im105 Im105 Im
Production quantity779 Im804 Im829 Im854 Im894 Im
Yield72,804 Fc75,849 Fc78,208 Fc81,333 Fc85,143 Fc
Sugar beetArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Sugar caneArea harvested19,843 Im19,579 Im19,316 Im19,054 Im18,862 Im
Production quantity707,136 Im698,604 Im690,073 Im681,541 Im682,127 Im
Yield356,365 Fc356,813 Fc357,255 Fc357,689 Fc361,641 Fc
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvested19,843 A19,579 A19,316 A19,054 A18,862 A
Production quantity707,136 A698,604 A690,073 A681,541 A682,127 A
Yield356,365 Fc356,813 Fc357,255 Fc357,689 Fc361,641 Fc
Sweet potatoesArea harvested1,306 Im1,290 Im1,273 Im1,256 Im1,226 Im
Production quantity9,395 Im9,254 Im9,113 Im8,969 Im8,763 Im
Yield71,937 Fc71,736 Fc71,587 Fc71,409 Fc71,476 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clementines, satsumasArea harvested635 Im630 Im626 Im618 Im640 Im
Production quantity2,647 Im2,629 Im2,611 Im2,581 Im2,654 Im
Yield41,685 Fc41,730 Fc41,709 Fc41,764 Fc41,469 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvested1,120 Im1,106 Im1,092 Im1,078 Im1,098 Im
Production quantity503 Im495 Im487 Im479 Im487 Im
Yield4,491 Fc4,476 Fc4,460 Fc4,443 Fc4,435 Fc
TomatoesArea harvested831 Im821 Im811 Im801 Im791 Im
Production quantity3,979 Im3,933 Im3,888 Im3,847 Im3,779 Im
Yield47,882 Fc47,905 Fc47,941 Fc48,027 Fc47,775 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested17,275 A17,101 A16,929 A16,757 A16,858 A
Production quantity150,204 A148,206 A146,211 A144,220 A144,522 A
Yield86,949 Fc86,665 Fc86,367 Fc86,066 Fc85,729 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested5,584 Im5,546 Im5,509 Im5,472 Im5,436 Im
Production quantity39,435 Im39,196 Im38,958 Im38,719 Im38,339 Im
Yield70,621 Fc70,674 Fc70,717 Fc70,758 Fc70,528 Fc
YamsArea harvested3,946 Im3,840 Im3,730 Im3,616 Im3,436 Im
Production quantity16,247 Im16,003 Im15,760 Im15,516 Im15,169 Im
Yield41,173 Fc41,674 Fc42,252 Fc42,909 Fc44,147 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
* = Unofficial figure
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
F = FAO estimate
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea10,628 Fm10,628 Fm10,627 Fm10,627 Fm10,627 Fm
AgricultureArea10,628 Fc10,628 Fc10,627 Fc10,627 Fc10,627 Fc
Arable landArea550 Fm550 Fm550 Fm550 Fm550 Fm
Country areaArea34,200 W34,200 W34,200 W34,200 W34,200 W
CroplandArea628 Fm628 Fm627 Fm627 Fm627 Fm
Forest landArea21,976 Q21,991 Q22,003 Q22,015 Q22,027 Fm
Inland watersArea50 Fm50 Fm50 Fm50 Fm50 Fm
Land areaArea34,150 Fm34,150 Fm34,150 Fm34,150 Fm34,150 Fm
Land area equipped for irrigationArea2 Fm2 Fm2 Fm2 Fm2 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea10,000 Fm10,000 Fm10,000 Fm10,000 Fm10,000 Fm
Land under permanent cropsArea78 Fm78 Fm77 Fm77 Fm77 Fm
Naturally regenerating forestArea21,917 Q21,932 Q21,944 Q21,956 Q21,968 Fm
Other landArea1,546 Fc1,531 Fc1,520 Fc1,508 Fc1,496 Fc
Planted ForestArea60 Q60 Q60 Q60 Q60 Fm
Primary ForestArea7,407 Fm7,407 Fm7,407 Q7,413 Fm
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.