Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Canada

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Datasheet

Canada

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 37,589,262 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 46,370 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 1,742,831.17 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 1,736,425.63 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 1.86 (2016)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
Erythroneura vulnerataPresentEPPO (2022)
yellow head virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2009)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter sepedonicus (potato ring rot)Present, WidespreadBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens (bacterial wilt of dry beans)Present, LocalizedHsieh et al. (2002); Huang et al. (2006); Huang et al. (2009); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Renibacterium salmoninarumPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus thuringiensis kurstakiPresentCABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)Present, WidespreadLee et al. (1993); Lee IngMing et al. (1998); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma trifolii (clover proliferation phytoplasma)PresentInvasiveDeng et al. (1993); Khadhair and Hiruki (1995); Hiruki and Wang Keri (2004); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma ulmi (elm yellows)Present, LocalizedIntroducedMatteoni and Sinclair (1989); EPPO (2013)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutespeach yellows phytoplasma (peach yellows)Present, LocalizedPine and Gilmer (1976); UK, CAB International (1983); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); CABI/EPPO (2013)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)Present, LocalizedHunter et al. (2010); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch)PresentCABI and EPPO (2011)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginalePresentOIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)Absent, EradicatedCABI and EPPO (2006); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Hepatobacter penaeiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); CABI/EPPO (2011); Henrickson et al. (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolyticaPresentBooker et al. (1999)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPectobacterium parmentieri (black leg disease of potato)Present, WidespreadBoer et al. (2012)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella AbortusequiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaVibrio parahaemolyticusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, LocalizedBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas translucens pv. cerealis (bacterial leaf streak of grasses)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2014)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas translucens pv. translucens (bacterial leaf streak of barley)Present, LocalizedCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaSpirochaetesLeptospira interrogansPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2011); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces invadansAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronospora belbahrii (basil downy mildew)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)Present, LocalizedIntroducedSabaratnam et al. (2009); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCABI (Undated); Goodwin et al. (1995); Goodwin et al. (1999); Kawchuk et al. (2011); Wijekoon et al. (2014)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora lateralis (Port-Orford-cedar root disease)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora medicaginis (Phytophthora root rot of lucerne)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (Sudden Oak Death (SOD))Present, Transient under eradicationCABI/EPPO (2013); IPPC (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); Cohen and Sackston (1973); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)Present, WidespreadClear (1992); Corlett and Corlett (1999); David (2000)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBipolaris victoriae (Victoria blight of oats)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); UK, CAB International (1990)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBotryotinia porri (Botrytis rot of garlic)Present, LocalizedAsiedu et al. (1986)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI/EPPO (2012); Elmhirst et al. (2013); Gehesquière et al. (2016)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Sabaratnam et al. (2009); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Milgroom and Lipari (1995); CABI and EPPO (2015)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiaporthe eres (apple leaf, branch and fruit fungus)PresentAli et al. (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiaporthe gulyae (Phomopsis stem canker of sunflower)PresentMathew et al. (2015);
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymascella thujina (cedar leaf blight)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentChérif et al. (2006)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiplodia seriata (grapevine trunk disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (2005); Úrbez-Torres et al. (2016)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiscula destructiva (anthracnose of dogwood)Present, LocalizedRedlin (1991); CABI and EPPO (2004); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaEntoleuca mammataPresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusicladium effusum (pecan scab)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1989); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaKabatiella zeae (eyespot)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1993)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLachnellula willkommii (European larch canker)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLeptographium procerum (white pine root decline)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)Present, LocalizedEvans (1984); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella populorum (septoria leaf spot)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); Feau and Bernier (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); Mitchell and Brasier (1994)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentAmano (1986)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudogymnoascus destructans (white-nose syndrome fungus)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker)Present, LocalizedIntroducedFunk (1974); Funk (1974); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSirococcus clavigignenti-juglandacearum (butternut canker)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Harrison et al. (1998); CABI and EPPO (2008); Broders and Boland (2010); Broders and Boland (2011); Broders et al. (2012)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentHerb IMI (undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresent, LocalizedBergeron et al. (2011); Bergeron et al. (2008); Wilson and Schiff (2010); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust)PresentNativeSavile (1950); Parmelee (1989); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1983); Ginns (1986); Hilton (2000); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated); Herb IMI (undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaGymnosporangium yamadae (Japanese apple rust)Present, Few occurrencesCABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion parviporumPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMelampsoridium hiratsukanum (alder rust)PresentEPPO (2022); Hantula et al. (2012)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)PresentCABI (Undated); Fetch (2008); Fetch (2009); Fetch et al. (2011)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Present, Transient under eradicationEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2008); CFIA (2008)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)PresentCABI (Undated); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Present, LocalizedBoer (2001); NAPPO (2004); NAPPO (2012); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAmynthas agrestis (crazy worm)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaGianius aquaedulcisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedInvasiveGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaMarenzelleria neglecta (red gilled mud worm)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcartia tonsaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcleris varieganaPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Allison et al. (2007); CABI and EPPO (2007); Landry (2007); Mason et al. (2010); Blatt et al. (2019); Blatt et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentMacnay (1953); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Varty (1956); Brown and Clark (1962); Randall et al. (1967); Hopewell and Bryant (1969); Hudak and Singh (1970); Smirnoff (1970); Turnquist and Harris (1993); CABI/EPPO (2012); Toenshoff et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges tsugae (hemlock woolly adelgid)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrilus planipennis (emerald ash borer)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHaack et al. (2002); Mastro and Reardon (2003); McKenzie et al. (2010); Bray et al. (2011); Herms and McCullough (2014); NAPPO (2016); Seebens et al. (2017); Valenta et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnopheles quadrimaculatus (common malaria mosquito)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle)Absent, EradicatedCFIA (2020); CABI and EPPO (2014); Turgeon et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAntispila oinophyllaPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraephilaPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis melliferaPresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAproceros leucopoda (elm zigzag sawfly)PresentNAPPO (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArchips xylosteanus (apple, leafroller)PresentHoebeke et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAthous haemorrhoidalisPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactericera cockerelli (tomato/potato psyllid)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentBroadbent et al. (1989); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)Present, Localizedde Barro (1995); CABI and EPPO (1999); McKenzie et al. (2012); Frewin et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentCABI (Undated); McKenzie et al. (2012); Frewin et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBythotrephes longimanus (spiny waterflea)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallidiellum rufipenne (Japanese cedar longhorn beetle)Absent, Intercepted onlyCABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentNativeGulf States Marine Fisheries Commission (2001); Tavares (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid)PresentMajka and Langor (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil)PresentMajka and Langor (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaloptilia syringellaPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaprella muticaPresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercopagis pengoi (fishhook waterflea)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChaetogammarus ischnusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChionaspis pinifoliae (pine leaf scale)Present, WidespreadNativeGill (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentHervet et al. (2014); Murillo et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentIntroducedCOSEWIC (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaColeophora deauratella (red clover casebearer)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveLandry (1991); Evenden et al. (2010); Mori et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConotrachelus nenuphar (plum curculio)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1954); Armstrong (1958); Garland and Campbell (1990); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)PresentNativeHalbert and Meeker (1998); CABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptococcus fagisuga (beech coccus)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth)Present, Few occurrencesNAPPO (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDaphnia lumholtziPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDasineura oxycoccana (blueberry gall midge)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus ponderosae (black hills beetle)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2002); Dordel et al. (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus pseudotsugae (Douglas-fir beetle)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2004); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus rufipennis (spruce beetle)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2004); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus valens (red turpentine beetle)Present, LocalizedNativeRappaport et al. (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveKrysan and Smith (1987); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Present, LocalizedBorchsenius (1966); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiprion similis (white pine sawfly)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveMonro (1935); Monro (1935); Coppel et al. (1974); Wong and Tidsbury (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Present, LocalizedIntroducedIPPC (2010); NAPPO (2010); Walsh et al. (2011); CABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocoetes confusus (western balsam bark beetle)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2015); Huber and Read (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid)Absent, Intercepted onlyMiller-Cormier (2005); CABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEchinothrips americanusPresent, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEnarmonia formosana (bark tortrix)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated); Dang and Parker (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpitrix tuberis (tuber flea beetle)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1987); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DFO (1994); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFaxonius limosus (Spiny-cheek crayfish)Present, LocalizedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFaxonius rusticus (rusty crayfish)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFaxonius virilis (virile crayfish)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentNativeBroadbent et al. (1987); CABI and EPPO (1999); Cerkauskas et al. (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGammarus tigrinusPresent, WidespreadNativeBousfield (1958); Bousfield (1973); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveReeks (1941); Magasi and Syme (1984); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Kanga et al. (2003); Kirk et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer)PresentHumble et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHaemobaphes disphaerocephalusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveKoch et al. (2006); CABI and EPPO (2007); Tayeh et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1961); Chiasson (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemimysis anomalaPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHomarus americanus (American lobster)Present, LocalizedNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentBen-Dov et al. (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps grandicollis (five-spined bark beetle)PresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1962); Harrison (1987); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug)PresentCABI and EPPO (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLernaea cyprinaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveMajka and Lesage (2008); CABI and EPPO (2010); Blackman et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria lignorum (gribble)PresentMenzies (1957); Brunel (1963); Bohn and Walden (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis brunneaPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2002); Bahlai et al. (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLissorhoptrus oryzophilus (rice water weevil)PresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)Present, LocalizedIntroducedLechowicz and Jobin (1983); Mauffette et al. (1984); Roden and Mattson (2008); Harrison et al. (2014); Canadian Food Inspection Agency (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegacyclops viridisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegastigmus spermotrophus (Douglas-fir seed chalcid)PresentUK, CAB International (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMelaphis rhoisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)PresentCABI and EPPO (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMytilicola orientalis (oyster redworm)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzocallis walshiiPresentCABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1979); Feng and Isman (1995); Cerkauskas et al. (2006); Fenton et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBird (1953); Lyons (1964); Griffiths et al. (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeolecanium cornuparvum (magnolia scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNitokra hibernicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNitokra incertaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNoctua pronuba (common yellow underwing moth)PresentCopley and Cannings (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaObolodiplosis robiniae (black locust gall midge)Present, Few occurrencesCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrientus ishidae (mosaic leafhopper)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish)PresentNativeLarson and Olden (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)PresentMorris (1956); Eichlin and Duckworth (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPeriphyllus acerisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)Present, Few occurrencesCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhloeomyzus passerinii (poplar woolly aphid)PresentIntroducedSmith (1974)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2022); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis vitegenellaPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella porrectellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes dominula (European paper wasp)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPopillia japonica (Japanese beetle)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Rahemi et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)Absent, Formerly presentBorchsenius (1966); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug)PresentIntroducedGimpel and Miller (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPsylliodes chrysocephala (cabbage stem flea beetle)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNatural Resources Canada (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis cingulata (cherry fruit fly)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis completa (walnut husk fly)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis fausta (black cherry fruit fly)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis mendax (blueberry fruit fly)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Gaul et al. (2002); IPPC (2010); IPPC (2015); NAPPO (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis pomonella (apple maggot)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Maxwell (1968); Laing and Heraty (1984); Bélanger et al. (1985); Feder et al. (1989); Mondor (1995); NAPPO (2015); NAPPO (2016); Parsons and Sinclair (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisii (Harris mud crab)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGreen (1962); Syme (1981); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentFields et al. (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda candidaPresent, WidespreadEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus schevyrewi (banded elm bark beetle)PresentCABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)PresentCABI and EPPO (2006); NAPPO (2005); NAPPO (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentKarunakaran et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTegenaria domesticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus canadensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle)Present, LocalizedIPPC (2013); Smith and Humble (2000); Smith and Hurley (2000); O'Leary et al. (2003); IPPC (2010); Sweeney et al. (2010); Flaherty et al. (2012); NAPPO (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Li GuiMing et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTipula paludosa (European crane fly)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)PresentIPPC (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToumeyella parvicornis (pine tortoise scale)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrypodendron domesticumPresentHumble and Henry (2003); Humble (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentInvasiveDenmark et al. (2000); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula pensylvanica (western yellowjacket)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Rahemi et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKrcmar-Nozic et al. (2000); Bright and Skidmore (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)PresentWood and Bright (1992); CABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (wood leopard moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaSchizoporella japonica (orange ripple bryozoan)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaSchizoporella unicornisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres cristatellusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlosa aestivalis (blueback herring)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlosa pseudoharengus (alewife)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmatitlania nigrofasciata (convict cichlid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmbloplites rupestris (rock bass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus natalisPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)PresentIntroducedBirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAscidiella aspersa (European sea squirt)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos bison (American bison)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBotrylloides violaceus (violet tunicate)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Lejeusne et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)Present, WidespreadNativeMowbray et al. (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta hutchinsiiPresent, LocalizedNativeAbraham (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis latrans (Coyote)Present, WidespreadNativeTesky (1995); NatureServe (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius gibelio (Prussian carp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarpodacus mexicanus (house finch)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCastor canadensis (beaver)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedAgriculture and Agri-Food Canada (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationFeldhamer and Demerais (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChrysemys picta (painted turtle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCiona intestinalis (sea vase)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedShireman and Smith (1983); Froese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2022); US Geological Survey (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWelcomme (1988); Seebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidemnum vexillum (carpet sea squirt)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDiplosoma listerianumPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMcAllister (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCoad et al. (1995); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGyrinocheilus aymonieri (Chinese algae-eater)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)PresentNativeScott and Crossman (1973); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gulosus (warmouth)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis macrochirus (bluegill)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis microlophus (redear sunfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)Present, LocalizedIntroducedFraguglione (1963); Long (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMisgurnus anguillicaudatus (oriental weatherloach)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus ater (brown-headed cowbird)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMorone americana (white perch)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius melanostomus (round goby)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNotropis stramineusPresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOdocoileus hemionus (black-tailed deer)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentNative and IntroducedPage and Burr (1991); Froese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017); NatureServe (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat)Present, WidespreadNativeLong (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOsmerus mordax (rainbow smelt)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)Present, WidespreadNativeJohnsgard and Carbonell (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca flavescens (yellow perch)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey)PresentNativeCoker et al. (2001); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPiaractus brachypomus (pirapitinga)PresentIntroducedRoyal Ontario Museum (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPimephales promelas (fathead minnow)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia latipinna (sailfin molly)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomoxis annularis (white crappie)PresentNativeCoker et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomoxis nigromaculatus (black crappie)PresentIntroducedFroese R and Pauly D (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPylodictis olivaris (flathead catfish)PresentIntroducedCoad et al. (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)Present, Few occurrencesCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRangifer tarandus (reindeer)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)PresentNativeRobins and Ray (1986); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Hart (1973); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus namaycush (lake trout)PresentNativeScott and Crossman (1973); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander vitreus (walleye)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Scott and Crossman (1973)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Coad (1995); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciurus carolinensis (grey squirrel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciurus niger (fox squirrel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBirdLife International (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTanichthys albonubes (white cloud mountain minnow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); FishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrichopodus trichopterus (three spot gourami)Absent, Formerly presentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)Present, LocalizedNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiPresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora caspia (freshwater hydroid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaDiadumene lineataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaGonionemus vertensPresentFenner (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAethusa cynapiumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion fasciatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion vulgaris (Spanish slug)PresentIntroducedZemanova et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBatillaria attramentaria (Japanese false cerith)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBithynia tentaculata (mud bithynia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCepaea nemoralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCipangopaludina japonica (Japanese mysterysnail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCounts (1981); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrepidula fornicata (American slipper limpet)PresentWalne (1956)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)PresentGodan (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)PresentCABI (Undated); Griffiths et al. (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena rostriformis bugensis (quagga mussel)PresentIntroducedUSGS-NAS (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEnsis directusPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLittorina littorea (common periwinkle)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMagallana gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedInvasiveISSG (2017); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMyosotella myosotis (marsh snail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPetricolaria pholadiformis (false angel wing)PresentNativeHarvey-Clark (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentNativeLeal (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)Absent, Formerly presentHowells et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentIntroducedInvasiveQi (1998); Munroe and McKinley (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTeredo navalis (naval shipworm)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaValvata piscinalis (European stream valvata)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassusPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Present, Few occurrencesCABI/EPPO (2013); Yu et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Present, LocalizedHawn (1973); Fushtey and Kelly (1975); Watson and Shorthouse (1979); CABI and EPPO (2009); Madani et al. (2015); Hajihassani et al. (2016); Hajihassani et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveStone et al. (1977); Ebsary (1986); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveNAPPO (2006); NAPPO (2007); Sun et al. (2007); NAPPO (2008); IPPC (2009); Mahran et al. (2010); Rott et al. (2010); CABI/EPPO (2011); Rott et al. (2011); Oro et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera tabacum (tobacco cyst nematode)PresentCABI (Undated); Bélair and Miller (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedNoel (1992); CABI and EPPO (2011); Toumi et al. (2013); Mimee et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)Present, WidespreadPotter et al. (1972); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)Absent, EradicatedBrown (1983); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesDactylogyrus hemiamphibothriumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusPresentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesFascioloides magnaPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesGyrodactylus salarisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoidesPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSargassum muticum (wire weed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum capillus-venerisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDennstaedtia punctilobulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)PresentHultén and Fries (1986); Holm et al. (1991); Stobbs et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMatteuccia struthiopterisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodieiPresentIntroducedMaggs and Hommersand (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)PresentCABI (Undated); Stobbs et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)PresentCABI (Undated); Turgeon et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanical Gardens Canada (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUrban Forest Associates (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer rufinerve (grey snake-bark maple)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)Present, WidespreadNativePIER (2015); Wheeler and Hoebeke (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchnatherum hymenoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAconitum lycoctonumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAconitum variegatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgastache foeniculumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina altissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedOliver (1973)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis castellanaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga genevensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga reptans (carpet bugle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAkebia quinata (five-leaf akebia)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla glaucescensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla monticolaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla subcrenataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla xanthochloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentCABI (Undated); Stobbs et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium vineale (crow garlic)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum alyssoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum argenteumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979); Flora of North America (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus cruentus (red amaranth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Brouillet et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Weaver and McWilliams (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus palmeri (Palmer amaranth)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)Present, WidespreadWeaver and McWilliams (1980); Holm et al. (1991); Stobbs et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentCorrell and Johnston (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); Stobbs et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBassett and Terasmae (1962); Bassett and Crompton (1975); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentNativeStobbs et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier lamarckii (snowy mespilus)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier spicata (dwarf serviceberry)PresentTropicos (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila breviligulataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (false indigo-bush)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmsinckia intermediaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnaphalis margaritaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge)PresentNativeEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedRandall (2012); USDA-NRCS (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Randall (2002); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis tinctoriaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApera interruptaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAquilegia vulgarisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAralia racemosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium americanum (lodgepole pine dwarf mistletoe)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium campylopodum (western dwarf misletoe)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium douglasii (Douglas-fir dwarf mistletoe)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium laricis (larch dwarf mistletoe)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium pusillum (eastern dwarf mistletoe)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium tsugense (hemlock dwarf mistletoe)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctium tomentosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArmeria maritimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAronia x prunifoliaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia ponticaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia stellerianaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias syriaca (common milkweed)PresentCABI (Undated); Stobbs et al. (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster cordifoliusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster dumosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster lanceolatus (Narrow-leaved michaelmas daisy)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster lateriflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex hortensis (garden orache)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex micranthaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex tataricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAurinia saxatilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)Present, WidespreadChow (1980); Hafliger and Scholz (1981); Fetch (2008); Fetch (2009); Fetch et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxyris amaranthoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaccharis halimifolia (groundsel-bush)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa tuldoides (punting pole bamboo)PresentIntroducedJudziewicz et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedZipcodeZoo (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanical Gardens Canada (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerteroa incana (hoary alyssum)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Stobbs et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-NRCS (2018); Hudson et al. (1986); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedCanadian Food Inspection Agency (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedGossen et al. (2001); Young-Mathews A (2012); New York Botanical Garden (2018); PIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa subsp. oleifera (turnip rape)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus arvensis (field brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus briziformis (rattlesnake brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus inermis (Awnless brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus ripariusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sitchensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentCABI (Undated); Valliant et al. (2007); Stobbs et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage)PresentIntroducedDarbyshire (2003); Brouillet et al. (2006); USA, USDA-ARS (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCakile edentulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamintha nepetaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamintha sylvaticaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallitriche stagnalis (Common water-starwort)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaltha leptosepalaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina microcarpa (smallseed falseflax)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina sativaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula latifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula mediumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculoides (creeping bellflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rotundifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentCABI (Undated); Bains et al. (2000); Pépin et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapnoides sempervirensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)Present, WidespreadIntroducedFrankton and Mulligan (1970); Stobbs et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009); Anderson and Garton (2000); Cerkauskas and Buonassisi (2003); Utkhede and Mathur (2003); Sholberg et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (wavy bittercress)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine impatiens (narrowleaf bittercress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus crispus (curly plumeless thistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex acutiformis (Swamp sedge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex distichaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex flaccaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex hirtaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex viridulaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentSun and Hsiang (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCelastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus longispinus (Spiny burrgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus spinifexPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea debeauxii (meadow knapweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoche and Roche (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea jacea (brown knapweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea macrocephala (giant knapweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensis (Maltese starthistle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea montanaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea nigrescens (alpine knapweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea scabiosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRice (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurium erythraea (European centaury)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurium pulchellumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria alpinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria giganteaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium tomentosum (boreal chickweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerinthe majorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaenorrhinum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce glyptospermaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce nutansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChasmanthium latifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChelone glabraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)Present, WidespreadBassett and Crompton (1978); Holm et al. (1991); Stobbs et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium berlandieriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium bonus-henricusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucophyllumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucum (Oak-leaved goosefoot)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Stobbs et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)Present, WidespreadHuber (1988); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium simplexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium urbicumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium vulvariaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveDarbyshire (2003); Stobbs et al. (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium palustre (marsh thistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Darbyshire (2003); Stobbs et al. (2009); USDA-ARS (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClarkia amoenaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClarkia pulchellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis orientalis (oriental virginsbower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis terniflora (sweet autumn clematis)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis viticellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCochlearia officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedCanadensys (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColeus blumei (common coleus)PresentSmith et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCollomia linearisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)Present, WidespreadIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConringia orientalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1979); Stobbs et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoreopsis grandifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoreopsis tinctoriaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoreopsis verticillataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCornus sericea (redosier dogwood)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronopus squamatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotula coronopifolia (brassbuttons)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus flabellataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis capillaris (smooth hawksbeard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis tectorum (narrowleaf hawksbeard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCycloloma atriplicifoliumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbalaria muralis (Kenilworth ivy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue)PresentCABI (Undated); Huang et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus fuscusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus schweinitziiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus strigosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia spicataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus carota (carrot)Present, WidespreadIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015); Wally et al. (2004); Stobbs et al. (2009); Yu et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelphinium elatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentCABI (Undated); Stobbs et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus armeria (Deptford pink)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDicentra formosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis luteaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ischaemumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Stobbs et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis tenuifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus laciniatus (cutleaf teasel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDraba nemorosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDraba verna (spring whitlowgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania botrysPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1991); Bosnic and Swanton (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-pavonis (gulf cockspur grass)PresentNativeTropicos (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinocystis lobata (wild cucumber)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops exaltatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops sphaerocephalusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUSA, USDA-ARS (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis obtusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentCABI (Undated); Stobbs et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElsholtzia ciliataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus elongatus (tall wheatgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus hispidus (intermediate wheatgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Present, LocalizedCABI (Undated); Holm et al. (1977); Alex (1982); Holm et al. (1991); Stobbs et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus trachycaulusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium brachycarpumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium parviflorum (Small flowered hairy willow herb)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipactis helleborinePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis capillarisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis frankiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2018); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron acerPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron annuus (annual fleabane)PresentStobbs et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron philadelphicus (Philadelphia fleabane)PresentStobbs et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron speciosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron strigosusPresentStobbs et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriochloa villosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErucastrum gallicumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Stobbs et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEryngium campestrePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum repandumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum strictumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus japonicus (Japanese spindle tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia davidiiPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia dentataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveQuimby and Wendel (1997); Anderson et al. (2003); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia maculataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplus (petty spurge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia platyphyllosPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia virgataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphrasia strictaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFagopyrum tataricumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)Present, WidespreadAlex (1982); Holm et al. (1991); Stobbs et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia dumetorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemicaPresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca trachyphylla (sheep fescue)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentWeber (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentWeber (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilipendula rubraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilipendula ulmaria (queen-of-the-meadow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow (1966); PIER (2013); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus americana (white ash)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus pennsylvanica (downy ash)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis ladanumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis speciosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis tetrahitPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Stobbs et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)Present, WidespreadCanne (1977); Warwick and Sweet (1983); Stobbs et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Stobbs et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium saxatilePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium spuriumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium sylvaticumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGamochaeta purpureaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaultheria shallon (salal)PresentCABI (Undated); Shamoun and Zhao (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium molle (dovefoot geranium)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pratensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium sylvaticumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeum aleppicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeum urbanum (herb bennet)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGilia capitataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)Present, PlantedIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria fluitansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria grandisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria striataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena globosa (globe amaranth)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGoniolimon tataricumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrindelia squarrosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila muralisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelenium autumnalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009); Mathew et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus decapetalusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus giganteusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus laetiflorusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus pauciflorusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus petiolarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pubescensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliopsis helianthoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum (salt heliotrope)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis fulva (tawny daylily)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis lilioasphodelus (yellow daylily)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasivePage et al. (2006); Morton (1975); Tiley et al. (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria glabraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHesperis matronalis (damesrocket)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHieracium flagellarePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHieracium floribundumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHieracium murorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHieracium piloselloides (kingdevil hawkweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2013); Missouri Botanical Garden (2013); PIER (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum jubatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Fetch (2008); Fetch (2009); Fetch et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum pusillumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHosta plantagineaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHumulus scandens (Japanese hop)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-NRCS (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranaePresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum mutilumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIberis umbellataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedDarbyshire (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)Present, LocalizedIntroducedEPPO (2022); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentCerkauskas et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentCABI (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris pumilaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris sibiricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris versicolorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIva xanthiifolia (marsh-elder)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Canadensys (2014); GBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus compressus (flattened rush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus conglomeratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush)PresentBrooks and Clemants (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus gerardiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKnautia arvensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria macranthaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca floridana (woodland lettuce)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca salignaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca tataricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentCABI (Undated); Stobbs et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus japonicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus odoratus (sweet pea)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus palustrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus pratensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentNativeAnderson (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus cardiacaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Stobbs et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium densiflorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium didymum (lesser swine-cress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveMulligan and Findlay (1974); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium ruderalePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); Stobbs et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLespedeza cuneata (sericea lespedeza)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemella serotinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)Present, WidespreadIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus arenariusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus canadensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum obtusifolium (border privet)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveZhao (2012); Stobbs et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLilium martagonPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); Vujnovic and Wein (2005); Hezewijk et al. (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCharlton (1966); Holm et al. (1979); Hansen and Clevenger (2005); Alberta Invasive Plants Council (2014); USDA-NRCS (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum perennePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum virginianumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLobelia inflataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLobelia siphiliticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium persicumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); McKenney et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanical Gardens Canada (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera maackii (Amur honeysuckle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera morrowii (Morrow’s honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus unifoliolatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus angustifolius (narrow-leaf lupin)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Chang et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus nootkatensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus perennisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuzula campestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuzula luzuloides (oakforest woodrush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuzula multifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLychnis coronaria (rose campion)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLycopus europaeus (European water horehound)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysichiton americanus (American skunk cabbage)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysimachia nummularia (Moneywort)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysimachia punctataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysimachia vulgarisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum virgatum (European wand loosestrife)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Lindgren and Clay (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacleaya cordataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMadia sativaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalcolmia maritimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva alceaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva moschataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva neglecta (common mallow)PresentStobbs et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestrisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Rojas and Jackson (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva verticillataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatricaria perforata (false chamomile)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017); Stobbs et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentStobbs et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Hansen and Clevenger (2005); Stobbs et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha suaveolensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia peltataPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop)Present, Transient under eradicationIPPC (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus moschatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis nyctagineaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia)PresentIntroducedBarkworth et al. (2003); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMisopates orontiumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonarda didymaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuhlenbergia mexicanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurraya paniculata (orange jessamine)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyagrum perfoliatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMycelis muralis (wall lettuce)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis arvensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis palustris (True forget-me-not)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis strictaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosoton aquaticumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum heterophyllum (broadleaf watermilfoil)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum pinnatum (cutleaf watermilfoil)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNepeta grandifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeslia paniculataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana longifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentCABI (Undated); Bélair and Miller (2006); Xu (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNonea versicolorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNopalea cochenillifera (cochineal cactus)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedLans et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea odorataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea tetragonaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSA, NatureServe (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontites vernusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontites vulgarisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera biennis (common evening primrose)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera fruticosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera glazioviana (redsepal evening-primrose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera grandifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOmphalodes vernaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHubbert (1867); Darbyshire (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDoust et al. (1985); Stobbs et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum clandestinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParietaria pensylvanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2017); Stobbs et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus vitaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCain et al. (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)PresentWeber (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria maculosa (redshank)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); Stobbs et al. (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia saxifragaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentHolm et al. (1979); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhedimus aizoon (gold sedum)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhedimus hybridusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aureosulcata (yellow groove bamboo)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis griseaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis longifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis pubescensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis virginianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed)PresentCABI (Undated); Loomis and Fishman (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimpinella saxifragaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentCABI (Undated); Lemon and Posluszny (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago arenariaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979); Stobbs et al. (2005); Stobbs et al. (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentHawthorn (1974); Holm et al. (1979); Stobbs et al. (2005); Stobbs et al. (2009); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago mediaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa chaixiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa trivialis (rough-stalked meadow grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolemonium caeruleumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonatum multiflorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); Stobbs et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentHafliger and Wolf (1988); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-NRCS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPontederia cordata (pickerel weed)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHaysom and Murphy (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentCABI (Undated); Stobbs et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla argenteaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla goldbachiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla inclinataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla intermediaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla multifidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla pensylvanicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla rectaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Stobbs et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla reptans (sulfur cinquefoil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supina subsp. paradoxaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)PresentNativeEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia distans (weeping alkali grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia nuttallianaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPyracantha coccinea (scarlet firethorn)PresentIntroducedEncyclopedia of Life (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus bulbosus (bulbous buttercup)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus cymbalariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus ficaria (fig buttercup)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda alba (white mignonette)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda odorataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhinanthus minorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhus typhina (staghorn sumac)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa blandaPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (multiflora rose)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa setigeraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRotala ramosiorPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus flagellarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus parviflorus (thimbleberry)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia trilobaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Stobbs et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex longifolius (Yard dock)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Weaver and Cavers (1979); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex stenophyllus (narrowleaf dock)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina procumbensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria gramineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)PresentIntroducedUSA, USDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola collina (slender Russian thistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia reflexaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus canadensis (American black elderberry)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanguisorba canadensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScilla sibericaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScirpus cyperinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScleranthus perennisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScopolia carniolicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia lanceolataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum acrePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum hispanicumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum reflexumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum sarmentosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum spathulifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSempervivum tectorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio sylvaticus (woodland groundsel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio viscosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Stobbs et al. (2009); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresentCABI (Undated); Stobbs et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria faberi (giant foxtail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSherardia arvensis (field madder)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene antirrhinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene chalcedonicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene csereiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dichotomaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dioicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene flos-cuculi (meadow campion)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015); Stobbs et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene noctifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene vulgaris (bladder campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilphium perfoliatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSinapis arvensis (wild mustard)PresentStobbs et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisyrinchium californicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSmilacina stellataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum americanumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Stobbs et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade)PresentCABI (Undated); Stobbs et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium (sticky nightshade)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2020); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Boer (2001); Peters and Sturz (2001); Xu et al. (2004); Hill and Lazarovits (2005); Peters et al. (2005); Sun et al. (2007); Mahran et al. (2010); Rott et al. (2010); Kawchuk et al. (2011); Nie BiHua et al. (2011); Wijekoon et al. (2014); Nie et al. (2015); Kalischuk et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)Present, WidespreadNativeScoggan (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago graminifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago nemoralis (grey goldenrod)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago rugosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago sempervirens (seaside goldenrod)PresentNative and IntroducedUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Present, LocalizedStobbs et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Stobbs et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Hutchinson et al. (1984); Stobbs et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina alterniflora (smooth cordgrass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina anglica (common cordgrass)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina densifloraPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia marinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia rubraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpiraea chamaedryfolia (germander meadowsweet)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentHolm et al. (1979); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys byzantinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria gramineaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1977); Holm et al. (1991); Stobbs et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSuaeda maritimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novae-angliaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novi-belgii (New York aster)PresentNativeTiner (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphytum asperumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix ramosissima (saltcedar)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum balsamitaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)Present, WidespreadIntroducedStewart-Wade et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThladiantha dubiaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBest and McIntyre (1975); Holm et al. (1991); Stobbs et al. (2009); USDA-ARS (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymelaea passerinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymophylla tenuiloba (Dahlberg daisy)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlowers Canada (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymus pulegioidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTorilis japonica (Japanese hedgeparsley)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium aureum (hop clover)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium mediumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium pannonicumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentAnderson (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha x glauca (hybrid cattail)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum phlomoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentIntroducedInvasiveISSG (2014); Stobbs et al. (2009); Missouri Botanical Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum virgatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena bonariensis (clusterflower vervain)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena bracteataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena hastataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena urticifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica beccabunga (European speedwell)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica chamaedrysPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica filiformisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica longifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica officinalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica vernaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia sepiumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCBIF (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVincetoxicum nigrum (black swallowwort)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVincetoxicum rossicum (European swallowwort)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Moore (1959); USDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaViola sororiaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia octofloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMissouri Botanical Garden (2013); USDA-ARS (2013); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)Present, WidespreadCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthoxalis strictaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Stobbs et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZelkova serrata (Japanese selkova)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZostera japonica (dwarf eelgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaProtistaParamyxeaMarteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAcineta nitocraePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia exitiosaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia ostreaePresentMarty et al. (2006)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus olseniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus qugwadiPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeBennett et al. (1974); Bishop and Bennett (1992)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma acerinaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusArterivirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusavian metapneumovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentSyverton and McTaggerty Cowan (1944); Kuntze et al. (1968); Moffat (1972); Mikaelian and Martineau (1996); Cox (undated)
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2014)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine leukemia virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCucumber green mottle mosaic virusPresent, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2015); Ling et al. (2014); Sui et al. (2019)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019)
Virusepizootic haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1PresentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
Virusequine arteritis virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine influenzavirusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusfowlpox virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus)PresentMonette and James (1990); Monette and James (1990); Saldarelli et al. (1998); Alabi et al. (2014); CABI (Undated)
VirusHaliotid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious myonecrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious pancreatic necrosis virusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
Virusinfectious salmon anemia virusPresentOIE (2020); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2020)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2014)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusMacrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003)
Virusmyxoma virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNewcastle disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNipah virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPepino mosaic virusPresent, Few occurrencesFrench et al. (2001); Ling and Bledsoe (2009); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentBeczner et al. (1997); CABI and EPPO (2009)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Present, LocalizedIntroducedThompson et al. (2001); CABI and EPPO (2007); Thompson et al. (2009); EPPO (2022)
Virusporcine epidemic diarrhea virusPresentOIE (2020); Ojkic et al. (2015); OIE (2020)
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Absent, EradicatedCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
Virusrabies virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusred sea bream iridovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusStrawberry vein banding virus (vein banding of strawberry)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2002); Tzanetakis and Martin (2014); EPPO (2022)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2022)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusTomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (tomato spotted wilt)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1978); EPPO (2022)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusvisna/maedi virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWest Nile virusPresentOIE (2019)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1982); Stenger et al. (2002)
VirusWhite spot syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
abalone viral ganglioneuritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Acanthocephalan infections of fishPresentTEDLA and FERNANDO (1970)
acarapisosis of honey beesPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Actinobacillus suis infectionsPresent, WidespreadMacInnes and Desrosiers (1999)
Actinobaculum suis infectionsPresentLeman et al. (1986)
actinomycosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
acute hepatopancreatic necrosis diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
American foul broodPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
anaplasmosisPresentSchofield and Saunders (1987); Stiller and Coan (1995)
anguillicolosisPresentCABI (Undated)
anthraxPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); OIE (1997)
atrophic rhinitis of swinePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
atypical non-progressive proliferative pneumoniaPresentBlack et al. (1988)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian adenoviruses infectionsPresent, WidespreadHowell et al. (1970)
avian chlamydiosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian encephalomyelitisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avian infectious bronchitisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian influenzaAbsentOIE (2019); Swayne and Suarez (2000); OIE (2004); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
avian leukosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian trichomoniasisPresentCABI (Undated)
avian tuberculosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avipoxPresentMikaelian and Martineau (1996); Syverton and McTaggerty Cowan (1944); Kuntze et al. (1968); Moffat (1972); Cox (undated)
babesiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bacterial gill diseasePresentDaoust and Ferguson (1983); CABI (Undated)
bacterial kidney diseasePresentCABI (Undated)
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infectionAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
blacklegPresentBarnes et al. (1975); OIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetongueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Hawkes (1996)
bonamiosis (Bonamia exitiosa)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bonamiosis (Bonamia ostreae)PresentMarty et al. (2006)
Borrelia anserina infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentCABI (Undated)
botulismPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine adenoviruses infectionsPresentCABI (Undated)
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE (2019)
bovine babesiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine coronavirus infectionPresentCABI (Undated)
bovine enterovirus infectionPresentDurham et al. (1989)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine herpesvirus 2 infectionPresentMartin et al. (1987)
bovine immunodeficiency virus infectionPresentCABI (Undated)
bovine papillomatosisPresentOlson et al. (1965); Moulton (1978)
bovine papular stomatitisPresentSchnurrenberger et al. (undated)
bovine parainfluenza 3 infectionPresent, WidespreadEttinger and Feldman (2000); CABI (Undated)
bovine parvovirus infectionPresentCABI (Undated)
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infectionPresentCABI (Undated)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
bovine tuberculosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2009); OIE (2018);
bovine venereal trichomonosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BP virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
caprine arthritis encephalitisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
caseous lymphadenitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentChalmers et al. (1976); Rigby et al. (1981)
chronic wasting diseasePresentCABI (Undated)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
ChytridiomycosisPresentCABI (Undated); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
classical swine feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
coccidiosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
cold-water diseasePresentCABI (Undated)
contagious agalactiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious ecthymaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious ophthalmiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
crayfish plagueAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2011); OIE (2019)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
cryptobiosisPresentCABI (Undated)
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultryPresent, WidespreadWeese et al. (2000); Weese et al. (2002)
dermatophilosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Dichelobacter nodosus infectionPresentOlson et al. (1998)
Digenean infections of fishPresentMarcogliese and Compagna (1999)
dourineAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
duck viral enteritisPresentSandhu and Leibovitz (1997); OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck virus hepatitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
EchinococcusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
Echinococcus granulosusPresentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
Echinococcus multilocularisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection)PresentCABI (Undated)
encephalomyocarditisPresentCABI (Undated)
enteric redmouth diseasePresentCABI (Undated)
enzootic abortion of ewesPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
eperythrozoonosis in pigsPresentCABI (Undated)
epitheliocystisPresentDesser et al. (1988)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic ulcerative syndromeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine coital exanthemaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Present, LocalizedOIE (2019)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine infectious anaemiaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine influenzaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine piroplasmosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine rhinopneumonitisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine viral arteritisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Escherichia coli infectionsPresentSandhu et al. (1999)
European foul broodPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
fowl choleraPresentOIE (2009)
fowl typhoidAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
fowlpoxPresentSyverton and Cowan (1944); Kuntze et al. (1968); Moffatt (1972); OIE Handistatus (2005); Cox (undated)
Fusobacterium necrophorum infectionsPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
giardiasisPresentCABI (Undated)
glandersAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Glässer's diseasePresent, WidespreadDesrosiers (1999); MacInnes and Desrosiers (1999)
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Haemophilus somnus infectionPresentGuichon et al. (1989)
haemorrhagic kidney syndromePresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
hepatitis E virus infectionPresent, WidespreadWard et al. (2008)
Hirudinea as vectors and disease agents in fishPresentKlemm (1982); Madill (1988)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
ichthyophthiriosisPresentCABI (Undated)
inclusion body rhinitisPresent, WidespreadMitchell and Corner (1958); Assaf et al. (1982)
infection with Marteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infection with Perkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infection with Perkinsus olseniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Infection with Pseudogymnoascus destructans in bats (white-nose syndrome)PresentCABI (Undated)
Infection with salmonid alphavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Infection with Senecavirus APresentPasma et al. (2008)
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE (2019); McFerran (1993); OIE (2019)
infectious coryzaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious laryngotracheitisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
infectious myonecrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious pancreatic necrosisPresentCABI (Undated)
infectious salmon anaemiaPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Klebsiella pneumoniae-induced mastitisPresentPodder et al. (2014)
koi herpesvirus diseasePresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
leishmaniosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
leptospirosisPresentOIE (2009)
listeriosisPresentDavies et al. (1984); Farber and Peterkin (1991); OIE Handistatus (2005); CABI (Undated)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
lyme borreliosisPresentCABI (Undated)
malignant catarrhal feverPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Mannheimia haemolytica infectionsPresentBooker et al. (1999)
Marek's diseasePresentOIE (2009)
mycobacteriosis in fishPresentCABI (Undated)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Mycoplasma bovigenitalium infectionsPresentLangford (1974)
Mycoplasma bovirhinis bovine respiratory diseasePresent, WidespreadAllen et al. (1992)
Mycoplasma bovis infectionsPresentThomas et al. (1975); Rosengarten and Citti (1999)
Mycoplasma conjunctivae infectionPresentBarile et al. (1972)
Mycoplasma dispar infectionsPresentMartin et al. (1989); Martin et al. (1990)
Mycoplasma hyorhinis infectionsPresent, WidespreadArmstrong et al. (1984)
Mycoplasma meleagridis infectionsPresentBigland (1969)
Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (LC) infectionsPresentSmith and Sherman (1994)
Mytilicola orientalis infestation (oyster redworm)PresentCABI (Undated)
myxomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Myxozoan infections of fishPresentMargolis (1993)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
necrotizing hepatopancreatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
neosporosisPresentCABI (Undated)
Newcastle diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
nocardiosis of fishPresentCampbell and MacKelvie (1968)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale infectionPresent, LocalizedAbdul-Aziz and Weber (1999); Joubert et al. (1999)
paratuberculosisPresentOIE (2019); Corbett et al. (2018); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
Pasteurella multocida infectionsPresentBhasin (1982); Percy et al. (1984); Rhoades and Rimler (1987)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
piscirickettsiosisPresentEvelyn (1992); Jones et al. (1998)
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeBennett et al. (1974); Bishop and Bennett (1992)
porcine adenovirus infectionPresent, WidespreadSanford and Hoover (1983)
porcine circovirus infectionsPresent, WidespreadDulac and Afshar (1989); Clark (1997); Ellis et al. (1998)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine epidemic diarrhoeaPresentOIE (2020); Ojkic et al. (2015); OIE (2020)
Porcine hemagglutinating encephalomyelitisPresentSasseville et al. (2002)
porcine intestinal spirochaetosisPresentJacques et al. (1989); Girard et al. (1995)
porcine parvovirus infectionPresentCABI (Undated)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
postweaning multisystemic wasting syndromePresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
proliferative enteropathyPresentCorzo et al. (2004); Paradis et al. (2007)
proliferative kidney diseasePresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
pseudokidney diseasePresentCABI (Undated)
pullorum diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
pulmonary adenomatosisPresentStevenson et al. (1980); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseasePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
rabiesPresentOIE (2019); Krebs et al. (1999); OIE (2019)
Ranavirus infection in amphibiansPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Rhodococcus equi infectionsPresentCABI (Undated)
Riemerella anatipestifer infectionPresent, WidespreadTaylor (1955); Sandhu and Harry (1981)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultryPresentCABI (Undated)
scrapiePresentOIE (2019); Bildfell et al. (1991); OIE (2019)
Serratia infections in fishPresentCABI (Undated)
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2PresentOIE (2020)
sheep and goat poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
small hive beetle infestationPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
spherical baculovirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
spring viraemia of carpAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Staphylococcus aureus infectionsPresent, WidespreadBezek and Hull (1995); Watts and Salmon (1997)
Staphylococcus hyicus infectionPresent, WidespreadDesrosiers and Malo (1987); Goyette and Higgins (1988)
stranglesPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in pigs (and ruminants)Present, WidespreadSanford and Tilker (1982); Breton et al. (1986); Touil et al. (1988)
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in poultryPresentGenest and Nadeau (1944)
surraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
swine dysenteryPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
swine erysipelasPresentBlyde and Woods (1999); OIE Handistatus (2005)
swine influenzaPresentCABI (Undated)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Taura syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Tenacibaculum maritimum infectionPresentCABI (Undated)
theileriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
torovirus infectionsPresentCABI (Undated)
toxoplasmosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
TrichinellaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
trichomonosisAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
trypanosomosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tuberculosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tularaemiaPresentOIE (2019); Wobeser et al. (2009); Blackburn et al. (2013); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
turkey coronavirus infectionsPresentFeruguson (1961); CABI (Undated)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
turkey viral hepatitisPresentMongeau et al. (1959)
Unclassified dinoflagellate infection of sticklebackPresentCABI (Undated)
Ureaplasma infectionsPresentReid et al. (1989)
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE (2019); Denmark et al. (2000); OIE (2019)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
vibriosis in fishPresentCABI (Undated)
viral erythrocytic necrosisPresentCABI (Undated)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
visna/maediPresentOIE (2019); Dukes et al. (1979); Campbell et al. (1994); Pépin et al. (1998); OIE (2019)
West Nile feverPresentOIE (2019)
white spot diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
white tail diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Xenohaliotis californiensis infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
yellow head diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
yersiniosisPresentCABI (Undated)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
Anise, badian, fennel, corianderArea harvested15,333 Im15,082 Im14,828 Im14,568 Im14,434 Im
Production quantity13,674 Im13,328 Im12,983 Im12,637 Im12,635 Im
Yield8,918 Fc8,837 Fc8,756 Fc8,674 Fc8,754 Fc
ApplesArea harvested15,23415,74015,61215,87315,737
Production quantity377,929402,978402,082417,989348,508
Yield248,083 Fc256,022 Fc257,547 Fc263,333 Fc221,458 Fc
ApricotsArea harvested112111111127124
Production quantity9821,0671,0381,1731,199
Yield87,679 Fc96,126 Fc93,514 Fc92,362 Fc96,694 Fc
AsparagusArea harvested2,1592,0122,0292,0191,970
Production quantity10,2358,9638,9569,3688,643
Yield47,406 Fc44,548 Fc44,140 Fc46,399 Fc43,873 Fc
BarleyArea harvested2,727,5002,395,2002,113,5002,265,7002,352,300
Production quantity10,382,6008,379,7007,891,3008,839,4008,256,600
Yield38,066 Fc34,985 Fc37,338 Fc39,014 Fc35,100 Fc
Beans, dryArea harvested150,200137,100131,500116,300104,400
Production quantity316,800341,100322,400244,300243,300
Yield21,092 Fc24,880 Fc24,517 Fc21,006 Fc23,305 Fc
Beans, greenArea harvested7,8427,7687,6388,1068,102
Production quantity67,36962,02557,53662,57758,936
Yield85,908 Fc79,847 Fc75,329 Fc77,198 Fc72,743 Fc
Berries nesArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
BlueberriesArea harvested40,62341,06841,56942,57040,760
Production quantity176,127155,229173,641211,191175,549
Yield43,356 Fc37,798 Fc41,772 Fc49,610 Fc43,069 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
BuckwheatArea harvested13,90012,7005,8002,056 Im
Production quantity18,00015,0005,4001,872 Im
Yield12,950 Fc11,811 Fc9,310 Fc9,105 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested5,9166,2375,7505,8356,199
Production quantity170,638176,472168,268188,546176,524
Yield288,435 Fc282,944 Fc292,640 Fc323,129 Fc284,762 Fc
Canary seedArea harvested99,100108,600103,10094,700127,500
Production quantity147,500157,600145,000140,300148,600
Yield14,884 Fc14,512 Fc14,064 Fc14,815 Fc11,655 Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea harvested7,9438,1328,5238,6748,840
Production quantity360,195361,539385,627368,479376,070
Yield453,475 Fc444,588 Fc452,455 Fc424,809 Fc425,419 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea harvested5,8645,7585,8425,7195,455
Production quantity73,91171,42374,92674,97171,495
Yield126,042 Fc124,041 Fc128,254 Fc131,091 Fc131,063 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested15,315,300 A15,002,000 A13,830,500 A13,894,656 A14,582,900 A
Production quantity61,134,500 A58,576,100 A56,770,935 A58,905,672 A53,563,000 A
Yield39,917 Fc39,046 Fc41,048 Fc42,394 Fc36,730 Fc
CherriesArea harvested2,1252,0371,8892,0351,996
Production quantity22,07926,18226,79718,32118,078
Yield103,901 Fc128,532 Fc141,858 Fc90,029 Fc90,571 Fc
Cherries, sourArea harvested779869834916960
Production quantity4,5913,8165,0966,7754,184
Yield58,935 Fc43,913 Fc61,103 Fc73,963 Fc43,583 Fc
Chick peasArea harvested155,800176,00064,70040,40046,500
Production quantity251,500311,30095,60075,20083,500
Yield16,142 Fc17,688 Fc14,776 Fc18,614 Fc17,957 Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea harvested2,2232,5022,5362,7402,700
Production quantity63,43866,94571,24268,70465,314
Yield285,371 Fc267,566 Fc280,923 Fc250,745 Fc241,904 Fc
CranberriesArea harvested6,3936,4986,9626,8976,853
Production quantity172,440178,537138,415180,292145,155
Yield269,733 Fc274,757 Fc198,815 Fc261,406 Fc211,812 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea harvested2,4322,3542,3692,7692,684
Production quantity59,61257,29562,20464,28055,532
Yield245,115 Fc243,394 Fc262,575 Fc232,142 Fc206,900 Fc
Fibre crops nesArea harvested13,342 Im14,343 Im15,604 Im17,220 Im19,703 Im
Production quantity15,938 Im17,145 Im18,663 Im20,609 Im23,594 Im
Yield11,946 Fc11,954 Fc11,960 Fc11,968 Fc11,975 Fc
Fibre Crops PrimaryArea harvested13,342 A14,343 A15,604 A17,220 A19,703 A
Production quantity15,938 A17,145 A18,663 A20,609 A23,594 A
Yield11,946 Fc11,954 Fc11,960 Fc11,968 Fc11,975 Fc
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested86,462 A87,932 A88,627 A90,528 A88,241 A
Production quantity994,443 A1,010,609 A1,002,968 A1,062,999 A898,530 A
Yield115,015 Fc114,931 Fc113,167 Fc117,422 Fc101,827 Fc
Fruit, fresh nesProduction quantityImImImImIm
GarlicArea harvested537619632671605
Production quantity1,2481,4901,5631,4101,419
Yield23,240 Fc24,071 Fc24,731 Fc21,013 Fc23,455 Fc
Grain, mixedArea harvested67,60069,10053,80061,90051,900
Production quantity191,700203,300149,200174,900155,500
Yield28,358 Fc29,421 Fc27,732 Fc28,255 Fc29,961 Fc
GrapesArea harvested11,88611,53411,58811,61711,100
Production quantity115,498120,293131,112105,95680,683
Yield97,171 Fc104,294 Fc113,145 Fc91,208 Fc72,687 Fc
HopsArea harvestedImImImImIm
Production quantityImImImImIm
Kiwi fruitArea harvested2 Im2 Im2 Im2 Im4 Im
Production quantity9 Im9 Im10 Im12 Im21
Yield45,000 Fc45,000 Fc50,000 Fc60,000 Fc52,500 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegetablesArea harvested327316308308289
Production quantity6,4136,1275,4595,6084,921
Yield196,116 Fc193,892 Fc177,240 Fc182,078 Fc170,277 Fc
LentilsArea harvested1,488,6001,499,4001,773,8002,221,0001,630,000
Production quantity2,166,9002,092,1362,558,5003,193,8002,540,500
Yield14,557 Fc13,953 Fc14,424 Fc14,380 Fc15,586 Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea harvested3,7763,8033,8323,9973,798
Production quantity84,90285,75586,60391,47184,682
Yield224,846 Fc225,493 Fc225,999 Fc228,849 Fc222,965 Fc
LinseedArea harvested339,300341,800418,900341,500626,900
Production quantity486,100492,400555,100541,400943,100
Yield14,327 Fc14,406 Fc13,251 Fc15,854 Fc15,044 Fc
MaizeArea harvested1,451,2001,430,7001,406,2001,413,5001,340,400
Production quantity13,403,90013,884,80014,095,50013,889,00013,679,500
Yield92,364 Fc97,049 Fc100,238 Fc98,260 Fc102,055 Fc
Maize, greenArea harvested16,22716,65016,82818,84019,183
Production quantity189,554189,691196,869200,470223,738
Yield116,814 Fc113,929 Fc116,989 Fc106,407 Fc116,633 Fc
Melons, other (inc.cantaloupes)Area harvested441497545660698
Production quantity12,47214,25914,32717,72317,729
Yield282,812 Fc286,901 Fc262,881 Fc268,530 Fc253,997 Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction quantity145,631138,412132,556130,857126,416
Mustard seedArea harvested154,700197,200152,900194,900132,600
Production quantity134,600173,600121,600235,600123,400
Yield8,701 Fc8,803 Fc7,953 Fc12,088 Fc9,306 Fc
OatsArea harvested1,171,1001,004,9001,051,900924,6001,047,900
Production quantity4,237,3003,436,0003,733,0003,231,2003,425,000
Yield36,182 Fc34,192 Fc35,488 Fc34,947 Fc32,684 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested11,120,054 A12,233,510 A12,812,958 A11,067,052 A11,399,686 A
Production quantity25,402,671 A28,508,872 A29,802,390 A27,046,300 A25,984,900 A
Yield22,844 Fc23,304 Fc23,260 Fc24,439 Fc22,794 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested11,120,054 A12,233,510 A12,812,958 A11,067,052 A11,399,686 A
Production quantity16,393,886 A18,518,328 A19,354,321 A17,486,067 A16,834,024 A
Yield14,743 Fc15,137 Fc15,105 Fc15,800 Fc14,767 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested11,120,054 A12,233,510 A12,812,958 A11,067,052 A11,399,686 A
Production quantity8,426,593 A9,331,417 A9,762,360 A8,937,018 A8,553,379 A
Yield7,578 Fc7,628 Fc7,619 Fc8,075 Fc7,503 Fc
Oilseeds nesArea harvested7,554 Im8,310 Im7,758 Im8,052 Im4,886 Im
Production quantity25,171 Im26,372 Im23,390 Im23,000 F13,000 F
Yield33,321 Fc31,735 Fc30,150 Fc28,564 Fc26,607 Fc
Onions, dryArea harvested5,4175,4395,5015,4215,378
Production quantity250,847241,620235,882220,364232,901
Yield463,074 Fc444,236 Fc428,798 Fc406,501 Fc433,062 Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea harvested2,4332,5552,5512,6742,752
Production quantity26,29728,33925,68226,19228,522
Yield108,085 Fc110,916 Fc100,674 Fc97,951 Fc103,641 Fc
PearsArea harvested713749745769775
Production quantity9,6689,0539,5058,3068,965
Yield135,596 Fc120,868 Fc127,584 Fc108,010 Fc115,677 Fc
Peas, dryArea harvested1,711,0001,431,2001,642,1001,676,9001,494,100
Production quantity4,236,5003,580,7004,112,2004,835,9003,200,700
Yield24,760 Fc25,019 Fc25,042 Fc28,838 Fc21,422 Fc
Peas, greenArea harvested10,53510,83210,63612,11212,257
Production quantity47,77545,53146,11157,27558,796
Yield45,349 Fc42,034 Fc43,354 Fc47,288 Fc47,969 Fc
Plums and sloesArea harvested485521520522561
Production quantity3,6423,6434,3643,0923,639
Yield75,093 Fc69,923 Fc83,923 Fc59,234 Fc64,866 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested138,339133,749137,621137,848137,556
Production quantity5,409,7395,204,4315,419,2385,345,6265,874,839
Yield391,049 Fc389,119 Fc393,780 Fc387,791 Fc427,087 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested3,505,600 A3,243,700 A3,612,100 A4,054,600 A3,275,000 A
Production quantity6,971,700 A6,325,236 A7,088,700 A8,349,200 A6,068,000 A
Yield19,887 Fc19,500 Fc19,625 Fc20,592 Fc18,528 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea harvested5,9446,1366,5587,1446,592
Production quantity129,732132,106133,163137,418126,765
Yield218,257 Fc215,297 Fc203,054 Fc192,354 Fc192,301 Fc
RapeseedArea harvested8,319,2009,119,7009,273,1008,263,3008,364,400
Production quantity18,648,80020,342,60021,328,10019,599,20018,376,500
Yield22,417 Fc22,306 Fc23,000 Fc23,718 Fc21,970 Fc
RaspberriesArea harvested1,8831,9852,0212,0342,030
Production quantity9,14510,33810,74311,67010,868
Yield48,566 Fc52,081 Fc53,157 Fc57,375 Fc53,537 Fc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested138,339 A133,749 A137,621 A137,848 A137,556 A
Production quantity5,409,739 A5,204,431 A5,419,238 A5,345,626 A5,874,839 A
Yield391,049 Fc389,119 Fc393,780 Fc387,791 Fc427,087 Fc
RyeArea harvested102,60079,100100,700139,70094,500
Production quantity333,400236,400341,300436,000225,500
Yield32,495 Fc29,886 Fc33,893 Fc31,210 Fc23,862 Fc
Safflower seedArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
SoybeansArea harvested2,270,5002,539,6002,934,8002,231,8002,232,500
Production quantity6,045,1007,416,6007,716,6006,596,5006,456,300
Yield26,625 Fc29,204 Fc26,293 Fc29,557 Fc28,920 Fc
SpinachArea harvested569597608628641
Production quantity4,6074,8325,5035,8256,234
Yield80,967 Fc80,938 Fc90,510 Fc92,755 Fc97,254 Fc
StrawberriesArea harvested2,6473,0863,1113,2113,206
Production quantity27,25228,03931,27526,59824,698
Yield102,954 Fc90,859 Fc100,530 Fc82,834 Fc77,037 Fc
Sugar beetArea harvested12,40018,20010,50011,3007,300
Production quantity903,8001,376,700771,100811,900503,500
Yield728,871 Fc756,429 Fc734,381 Fc718,496 Fc689,726 Fc
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvested12,400 A18,200 A10,500 A11,300 A7,300 A
Production quantity903,800 A1,376,700 A771,100 A811,900 A503,500 A
Yield728,871 Fc756,429 Fc734,381 Fc718,496 Fc689,726 Fc
Sunflower seedArea harvested28,80026,90025,50027,50038,400
Production quantity62,90057,30057,60050,60072,600
Yield21,840 Fc21,301 Fc22,588 Fc18,400 Fc18,906 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvested7,028 Im7,648 Im8,280 Im8,894 Im9,587 Im
Production quantity19,359 Im21,041 Im22,753 Im24,411 Im26,382 Im
Yield27,546 Fc27,512 Fc27,479 Fc27,447 Fc27,519 Fc
TomatoesArea harvested5,9066,1906,2936,8846,437
Production quantity490,286497,438492,394501,375429,337
Yield830,149 Fc803,616 Fc782,447 Fc728,319 Fc666,983 Fc
TriticaleArea harvested26,70020,70012,20016,20010,100
Production quantity72,20062,20033,00053,10024,900
Yield27,041 Fc30,048 Fc27,049 Fc32,778 Fc24,653 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested89,396 A91,348 A92,477 A98,387 A97,787 A
Production quantity2,307,120 A2,305,505 A2,336,901 A2,361,558 A2,283,861 A
Yield258,079 Fc252,387 Fc252,701 Fc240,027 Fc233,555 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested5,779 Im6,0036,5946,5206,657
Production quantity150,727 Im157,841172,039172,560176,138
Yield260,818 Fc262,937 Fc260,902 Fc264,663 Fc264,591 Fc
WatermelonsArea harvested706680567621685
Production quantity36,31228,82728,88127,70930,732
Yield514,334 Fc423,926 Fc509,365 Fc446,200 Fc448,642 Fc
WheatArea harvested9,655,6009,881,0008,983,3008,976,3009,558,300
Production quantity32,347,90032,201,10030,377,23532,139,90027,647,400
Yield33,502 Fc32,589 Fc33,815 Fc35,805 Fc28,925 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
F = FAO estimate
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea58,199 Fm58,024 Fm58,050 Q57,985 Fm57,913 Fm
AgricultureArea59,760 Fc59,585 Fc59,611 Q59,677 Fc59,736 Fc
Agriculture area certified organicArea1,312 I1,192 I925 I925 I890 I
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area1,312 I1,192 I1,099 I945 I904 I
Arable landArea38,687 Q38,509 Q38,530 Q38,282 Fm38,032 Fm
Country areaArea987,975 Q987,975 Q987,975 Q987,975 Q987,975 Q
CroplandArea38,857 Q38,682 Q38,708 Q38,461 Fm38,211 Fm
Forest landArea347,002 Q347,039 Q347,076 Q347,116 Q347,157 Fm
Inland watersArea91,416 Q91,416 Q91,416 Q91,416 Q91,416 Q
Land areaArea896,559 Q896,559 Q896,559 Q896,559 Q896,559 Q
Land area equipped for irrigationArea1,378 Fm1,378 Fm1,378 Fm1,182 Fm1,182 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea19,342 Fm19,342 Fm19,342 Q19,524 Fm19,702 Fm
Land under permanent cropsArea170 Q173 Q178 Q179 Fm179 Fm
Land under protective coverArea1,561 Fm1,561 Fm1,561 Q1,692 Fm1,823 Fm
Land under temp. meadows and pasturesArea5,722 Q5,872 Q5,717 Q5,945 Fm6,173 Fm
Land under temporary cropsArea32,253 Q31,747 Q31,919 Q31,204 Fm30,488 Fm
Land with temporary fallowArea712 Q890 Q894 Q1,133 Fm1,371 Fm
Naturally regenerating forestArea329,693 Q330,157 Q330,621 Q331,087 Q331,531 Fm
Other landArea489,797 Fc489,935 Fc489,872 Fc489,766 Fc489,666 Fc
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea5,081 Fm5,081 Fm5,081 Q5,173 Fm5,263 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. growingArea14,261 Fm14,261 Fm14,261 Q14,351 Fm14,439 Fm
Planted ForestArea17,309 Q16,882 Q16,455 Q16,029 Q15,626 Fm
Primary ForestArea205,924 Fm205,924 Fm205,924 Q205,952 Fm
Cropland area under conservation tillageArea7,826 Q
Cropland area under conventional tillageArea5,713 Q
Cropland area under zero or no tillageArea19,495 Q
Agriculture area actually irrigatedArea905 W
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc.
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.