Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Botswana

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Datasheet

Botswana

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaePresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1988); Milliano (1992); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot)PresentEPPO (2020); Molefe (1975); CABI and EPPO (2006); Herb IMI (undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps fusiformis (pearl millet ergot)PresentThakur and King (1988); Molefe (1975); CABI and EPPO (2006)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma hebraeumPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentNativeMcNally and Schneider (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)PresentIntroducedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentMpuchane et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)PresentNativeCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis cosyra (mango fruit fly)Present, Localizedde Meyer (1998); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer)PresentUK, CAB International (1989); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadCurtis and Hawkins (1982)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2014); White and Elson-Harris (1994); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); Sithole et al. (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNomadacris septemfasciata (red locust)Present, Few occurrencesRehn (1944)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentObopile et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentMpuchane et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)Present, WidespreadChamp and Dyte (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1972); Haggis (1984); Rose et al. (1996); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFAO (2017); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)PresentTebele (2017); Mutamiswa et al. (2017); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentNativeTeugels (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2011); Moor and Bruton (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataQuelea quelea (weaver bird)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveCraig (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis)PresentNativeHoyo et al. (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus niloticus (Nile monitor)PresentNativeBayless (2002); Spawls et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentKwerepe and Labuschagne (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern)Present, LocalizedNativeDyer et al. (1963); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (kariba weed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMitchell and Tur (1975); Smith (1993); ISSG (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)PresentNativeAchigan-Dako (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia karroo (sweet thorn)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedPROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mellifera (black thorn)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)PresentNativeILDIS (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (2005); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePhillips (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1979); Wells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene indica (Indian jointvetch)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedWells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlectra vogelii (yellow witchweed)Present, WidespreadNativePhilcox (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentWells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePhillips (1991); Karikari et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus africanus (Ornamental Asparagus)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAustrocylindropuntia subulata (Eve’s needle cactus)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBalanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower)PresentNativePROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentKarikari et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentIntroducedStruwig and Siebert (2013); Whitehouse (1996); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryophyllum fedtschenkoi (lavender-scallops)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja madagascariensis (smokebush)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentIntroducedBuss (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna x generalis (canna lily)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentEPPO (2020); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentPROTA (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCascabela thevetia (yellow oleander)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)PresentIntroducedBuss (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)Present, PlantedIntroducedBuss (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMakhabu and Marotsi (2012); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentNativeCook et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCereus jamacaru (Queen of the Night)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)PresentWells et al. (1986); Brenan (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)PresentBrenan (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)PresentCiba Geigy (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedWells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentIntroducedWells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCylindropuntia fulgida (jumping cholla)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHenderson (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)PresenteMonocot (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015); Heath and Heath (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016); Gibbs-Russel et al. (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedPOSA (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Wells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria eriantha (pangola grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria velutina (velvet fingergrass)Present, LocalizedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalisPresentNativeClayton (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta erecta (panic veldtgrass)PresentUSDA-ARS (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentIntroducedGopal (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex australis (Doublegee)Present, WidespreadIntroducedFox and Young (1982); Wells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis bicolorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis lehmanniana (Lehmann lovegrass)PresentNativePROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis sarmentosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)Present, PlantedIntroducedBuss (2002); PROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus sideroxylon (black ironbark)Present, PlantedIntroducedBuss (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentIntroducedNotten (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum (salt heliotrope)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentWells et al. (1986); Martins (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium supinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentWells et al. (1986); Holm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)PresentBonyongo et al. (2000); Wells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeBisby et al. (1994); USDA-ARS (2013); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea cairica (five-fingered morningglory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedWyk et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine)PresentNativeGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagarosiphon major (African elodea)PresentNativeISSG (2006); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentGibbs-Russel et al. (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveBuss (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentNativeGibbs Russel et al. (1955)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017); World Agroforestry Centre (2002); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)PresentIntroducedCJB (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedLeavold et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass)PresentNativeSetshogo (2005); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentIntroducedChild (1992); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentIntroducedCook (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea lotus (white Egyptian lotus)PresentNativePlant Gene Resources of Canada (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum (African basil)PresentNativeWCSP (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)PresentUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza barthiiPresentNativeGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza longistaminata (perennial wild rice)PresentFernandes et al. (1971)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentSetshogo (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentNativeGibbs Russell et al. (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentIntroducedAdkins et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeLaunert (1971); Wells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedMairura (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHaysom and Murphy (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKurugundla (2013); USDA-ARS (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentIntroducedWells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)PresentWells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedFernandes et al. (1971)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentIntroducedCJB (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis glandulosa (honey mesquite)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBotswana Government (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)Present, PlantedIntroducedPasiecznik et al. (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis pallida (mesquite)PresentIntroducedBotswana Government (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis velutina (velvet mesquite)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017); Buss (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamphicarpa fistulosaPresentHansen (1975); Philcox (1990); Mielcarek (1996); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Holm et al. (1979); Buss (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentNativeCope (2002); USA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveBuss (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedBuss (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchmidtia kalahariensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort)PresentNativeHilliard (1977); Werner et al. (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Wells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania cannabina (corkwood tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); ILDIS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentClayton (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum campylacanthum (bitter apple)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedWelman (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentWells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidalis (giant rat’s tail grass)PresenteMonocot (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentWells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)PresentNativeParker and Riches (1993); Mohamed et al. (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed)PresentHepper (1990); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedWells et al. (1986); Holm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHaysom and Murphy (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia rotundifolia (red sunflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachypogon spicatus (spiked crinkleawn)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentPhillips (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentNativeGermishuizen and Meyer (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa panicoides (liverseed grass)Present, LocalizedNativeHolm et al. (1991); USDA-ARS (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)PresentIntroducedFeenstra and Clements (2008); GBIF (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZinnia peruviana (Peruvian zinnia)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentNativePerold and Rooy (1993)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeBeadell et al. (2006)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria parvaPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Present, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbovine leukemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusPresent, WidespreadBurke et al. (1986); Bashir (1992); Bashir and Hampton (1996); CABI and EPPO (2010)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine influenzavirusPresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusfowlpox virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusMaize streak virus (streak disease of maize)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
Virusmyxoma virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusrabies virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
acarapisosis of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
actinomycosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
American foul broodAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
anaplasmosisPresentOIE (2012); Carmichael and Hobday (1975); Fanikiso and Ndzinge (1992); OIE Handistatus (2005)
anthraxPresentFood & Agriculture Organization (1972)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian chlamydiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)PresentOIE (2009)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Mushi et al. (1999)
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
babesiosisPresentOIE (2009); Fanikiso and Ndzinge (1992)
blacklegPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetongueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Mushi et al. (1992)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
botulismPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE (2009)
bovine ephemeral feverPresentCABI (Undated)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bovine tuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bovine viral diarrhoeaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE (2012)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentMushi et al. (2001); Sharma et al. (2003)
classical swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
coccidiosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious agalactiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Denman island diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dermatophilosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
dourinePresentOIE (2009)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck virus hepatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic ulcerative syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine piroplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine viral arteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Escherichia coli infectionsPresentBinta et al. (1996)
European foul broodAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsPresent, LocalizedOIE (2012); Kitching (1998)
fowl choleraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowl typhoidAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowlpoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
glandersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009); Roe (1955)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE (2012)
infectious coryzaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
leishmaniosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012)
leptospirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
lumpy skin diseasePresentOIE (2012); VON BACKSTROM (1945)
Marek's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
myxomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE (2012)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
paratuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012)
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeBeadell et al. (2006)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
pullorum diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
rabiesPresentOIE (2012); Masupu (1992)
Rhodococcus equi infectionsPresentDiteko et al. (1988)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
sheep and goat poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Staphylococcus aureus infectionsPresent, WidespreadBinta et al. (1995)
stranglesPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
surraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Theileria parva infectionsPresent, LocalizedNorval et al. (1992)
theileriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
toxoplasmosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
trypanosomosisPresentCABI (Undated)
tuberculosisPresentCABI (Undated)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
varroosis of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012); Hubálek et al. (1999)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 173868 A 134740 A 151760 A 101766 A 48987 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 68381 A 50345 A 54430 A 36782 A 31312 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 3317.6 A 3317.6 A 2849.3 A 2973.41 A 2529.15 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 3932.93 Fc 3736.46 Fc 3586.58 Fc 3614.37 Fc 6391.9 Fc
Cereals, nes Area Harvested 2171 Im 2401 Im 2253 Im 2439 Im 2200 F
Cereals, nes Production Quantity 4890 Im 3600 F 1993 Im 2442 Im 1800 F
Cereals, nes Yield 22524.2 Fc 14993.8 Fc 8845.98 Fc 10012.3 Fc 8181.82 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 173868 A 134740 A 151760 A 101766 A 48987 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 68381 A 50345 A 54430 A 36782 A 31312 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 3317.6 A 3317.6 A 2849.3 A 2973.41 A 2529.15 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 3932.93 Fc 3736.46 Fc 3586.58 Fc 3614.37 Fc 6391.9 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 130 A 122 A 120 A 153 A 152 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 600 A 520 A 500 A 850 A 980 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 46153.8 Fc 42622.9 Fc 41666.7 Fc 55555.6 Fc 64473.7 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 173868 A 134740 A 151760 A 101636 A 48907 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 68381 A 50345 A 54430 A 36678 A 31240 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 3302 A 3302 A 2833.7 A 2957.81 A 2513.55 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 3932.93 Fc 3736.46 Fc 3586.58 Fc 3608.76 Fc 6387.63 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 220 F 220 F 450 F 590 Im 499 Im
Cottonseed Production Quantity 590 F 590 F 1217 Im 1445 Im 1256 Im
Cottonseed Seed 8.8 Fc 8.8 Fc 8.6 Fc 8 Fc 7.74 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 440 A 430 A 400 A 387 A 415 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 220 A 220 A 450 A 590 A 499 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 5000 Fc 5116.28 Fc 11250 Fc 15245.5 Fc 12024.1 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2130 A 1911 A 1920 A 2387 A 2376 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 6600 A 5920 A 6000 A 7850 A 7980 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 30985.9 Fc 30978.5 Fc 31250 Fc 32886.5 Fc 33585.9 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 2000 F 1789 Im 1800 F 2234 Im 2224 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 6000 F 5400 Im 5500 * 7000 * 7000 *
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 30000 Fc 30184.5 Fc 30555.6 Fc 31333.9 Fc 31474.8 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 8225 3075 2350 959 293
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 4800 F 1826 1539 1160 * 256
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 342 Fc 342 Fc 153.36 Fc 115.42 Fc 119.27 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 5835.87 Fc 5938.21 Fc 6548.94 Fc 12095.9 Fc 8737.2 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 85000 F 65388 82710 48633 17705
Maize Production Quantity 16644 10572 20093 8967 2158
Maize Seed 1652 Fc 1652 Fc 1541.13 Fc 1665.05 Fc 1246 Fc
Maize Yield 1958.12 Fc 1616.81 Fc 2429.33 Fc 1843.81 Fc 1218.86 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 8000 F 9476 8136 7650 2319
Millet Production Quantity 2060 3406 2767 1636 656
Millet Seed 150 Fc 150 Fc 162.63 Fc 147.02 Fc 170.21 Fc
Millet Yield 2575 Fc 3594.34 Fc 3400.93 Fc 2138.56 Fc 2828.81 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 14665 A 9129 A 5603 A 9770 A 2241 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 4709.9 A 3325.04 A 2034.57 A 5003.55 A 1940.1 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 155.83 A 155.83 A 82.24 A 57.42 A 85.81 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 3211.66 Fc 3642.28 Fc 3631.22 Fc 5121.34 Fc 8657.3 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 14665 A 9129 A 5603 A 9770 A 2241 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 3789.4 A 2674.98 A 1379.66 A 3916.6 A 1326.54 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 122.66 A 122.66 A 64.46 A 44.18 A 68.89 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 2583.98 Fc 2930.2 Fc 2462.36 Fc 4008.8 Fc 5919.41 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 31 Im 27 Im 25 Im 26 Im 30 Im
Onions, dry Production Quantity 664 Im 585 Im 521 Im 554 Im 481 Im
Onions, dry Yield 214194 Fc 216667 Fc 208400 Fc 213077 Fc 160333 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 130 F 122 Im 120 F 153 Im 152 Im
Oranges Production Quantity 600 F 520 Im 500 * 850 * 980 *
Oranges Yield 46153.8 Fc 42622.9 Fc 41666.7 Fc 55555.6 Fc 64473.7 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 34730 16995 19585 13938 3760
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 3841 3873 4313 2305 805
Pulses, nes Seed 868.25 Fc 868.25 Fc 424.88 Fc 489.63 Fc 348.45 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 1105.96 Fc 2278.91 Fc 2202.2 Fc 1653.75 Fc 2140.96 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 34730 A 16995 A 19585 A 13938 A 3760 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3841 A 3873 A 4313 A 2305 A 805 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 868.25 A 868.25 A 424.88 A 489.63 A 348.45 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 1105.96 Fc 2278.91 Fc 2202.2 Fc 1653.75 Fc 2140.96 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 8492 Im 8247 Im 7999 Im 13375 Im 13454 Im
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 97037 Im 92934 Im 83175 Im 90000 F 94000 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 114269 Fc 112688 Fc 103982 Fc 67289.7 Fc 69867.7 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 8492 A 8247 A 7999 A 13375 A 13454 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 97037 A 92934 A 83175 A 90000 A 94000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 114269 Fc 112688 Fc 103982 Fc 67289.7 Fc 69867.7 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 440 F 430 F 400 F 387 Im 415 Im
Seed cotton Production Quantity 978 Im 1261 Im 1377 Im 2484 Im 1919 Im
Seed cotton Yield 22227.3 Fc 29325.6 Fc 34425 Fc 64186.1 Fc 46241 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 78697 57475 58661 42914 26683
Sorghum Production Quantity 44787 32767 29577 23633 26626
Sorghum Seed 1500 Fc 1500 Fc 1129.94 Fc 1145.74 Fc 1097.34 Fc
Sorghum Yield 5691.07 Fc 5701.09 Fc 5042.02 Fc 5507.06 Fc 9978.64 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 6000 F 5624 2853 8424 1533
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 5500 F 4958 1764 8140 2558
Sunflower seed Seed 45.5 Fc 45.5 Fc 41.66 Fc 20.17 Fc 77.74 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 9166.67 Fc 8815.79 Fc 6182.97 Fc 9662.87 Fc 16686.2 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 3600 F 3552 3643 4000 F 4037 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 39500 F 39249 25300 31150 30020
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 109722 Fc 110498 Fc 69448.3 Fc 77875 Fc 74362.1 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 3631 A 3579 A 3668 A 4026 A 4067 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 40164 A 39834 A 25821 A 31704 A 30501 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 110614 Fc 111299 Fc 70395.3 Fc 78748.1 Fc 74996.3 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 3631 A 3579 A 3668 A 4026 A 4067 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 40164 A 39834 A 25821 A 31704 A 30501 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 110614 Fc 111299 Fc 70395.3 Fc 78748.1 Fc 74996.3 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested F F 130 80
Wheat Production Quantity F F 104 72
Wheat Seed 15.6 F 15.6 F 15.6 F 15.6 Fc 15.6 Fc
Wheat Yield 8000 Fc 9000 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 117010 A 83120 A 97173 A 29609 A 96620 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 43532 A 36841 A 26668 A 35930 A 34674 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 1169.43 A 2190.69 A 1641.8 A 1942.03 A 1195.83 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 3720.37 Fc 4432.27 Fc 2744.38 Fc 12134.8 Fc 3588.7 Fc
Cereals, nes Area Harvested 1360 Im 1830 Im 1864 Im 2000 F 2200 F
Cereals, nes Production Quantity 1289 Im 1911 Im 1627 Im 1600 F 1800 F
Cereals, nes Yield 9477.94 Fc 10442.6 Fc 8728.54 Fc 8000 Fc 8181.82 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 117010 A 83120 A 97173 A 29609 A 96620 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 43532 A 36841 A 26668 A 35930 A 34674 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 1169.43 A 2190.69 A 1641.8 A 1942.03 A 1195.83 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 3720.37 Fc 4432.27 Fc 2744.38 Fc 12134.8 Fc 3588.7 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 155 A 157 A 156 A 155 A 162 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 642 A 600 A 614 A 723 A 670 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 41419.3 Fc 38216.6 Fc 39359 Fc 46645.2 Fc 41358 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 116733 A 82830 A 96872 A 29333 A 96277 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 43076 A 36427 A 26301 A 35591 A 34143 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 1159.83 A 2157.45 A 1607 A 1905.91 A 1162.71 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 3690.13 Fc 4397.8 Fc 2715.03 Fc 12133.4 Fc 3546.33 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 664 Im 783 Im 732 Im 693 Im 770 F
Cottonseed Production Quantity 1439 Im 1412 Im 1471 Im 1283 Im 1600 F
Cottonseed Seed 8.3 Fc 11.52 Fc 22 Fc 22 Fc 22 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 576 A 508 A 580 A 585 A 685 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 664 A 783 A 732 A 693 A 770 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 11527.8 Fc 15413.4 Fc 12620.7 Fc 11846.2 Fc 11240.9 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2429 A 2455 A 2436 A 2416 A 2530 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 12130 A 11795 A 11850 A 12200 A 11316 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 49938.3 Fc 48044.8 Fc 48645.3 Fc 50496.7 Fc 44727.3 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 2274 Im 2298 Im 2280 Im 2261 Im 2368 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 11488 Im 11195 Im 11236 Im 11477 Im 10646 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 50518.9 Fc 48716.3 Fc 49280.7 Fc 50760.7 Fc 44957.8 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 1000 521 Im 1000 600 F 1000
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 570 576 Im 483 578 137
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 108.32 Fc 36 Fc 43.2 Fc 36 Fc 43.2 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 5700 Fc 11055.7 Fc 4830 Fc 9633.33 Fc 1370 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 60373 70000 * 43208 7617 55803
Maize Production Quantity 15162 16080 * 7529 1633 16447
Maize Seed 574 Fc 1092.45 Fc 1442 Fc 885.91 Fc 530.04 Fc
Maize Yield 2511.39 Fc 2297.14 Fc 1742.5 Fc 2143.89 Fc 2947.33 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 3000 F 1000 F 800 F 500 F 800 F
Millet Production Quantity 500 F 120 F 95 F 60 F 91
Millet Seed 89.1 Fc 105 Fc 15 Fc 105 Fc 45 Fc
Millet Yield 1666.67 Fc 1200 Fc 1187.5 Fc 1200 Fc 1137.5 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 7103 A 6410 A 7780 A 7185 A 9618 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 3709.86 A 4229 A 4035.75 A 4163.97 A 3970.06 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 52.54 A 43.24 A 51.32 A 48.59 A 51.32 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 5222.95 Fc 6597.5 Fc 5187.34 Fc 5795.37 Fc 4127.74 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 7103 A 6410 A 7780 A 7185 A 9618 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 2808.35 A 3268.72 A 3086.26 A 3248.68 A 3003.1 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 40.06 A 33.31 A 37.14 A 34.98 A 37.14 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 3953.75 Fc 5099.41 Fc 3966.92 Fc 4521.48 Fc 3122.37 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 28 Im 26 Im 24 Im 25 F 45 F
Onions, dry Production Quantity 448 Im 430 Im 448 Im 400 700 F
Onions, dry Yield 160000 Fc 165385 Fc 186667 Fc 160000 Fc 155556 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 155 Im 157 Im 156 Im 155 Im 162 Im
Oranges Production Quantity 642 Im 600 P 614 Im 723 Im 670 Im
Oranges Yield 41419.3 Fc 38216.6 Fc 39359 Fc 46645.2 Fc 41358 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 20000 F 30000 F 36500 F 36000 F 35000 F
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 7000 F 15000 F 25000 F 24000 F 21000 F
Pulses, nes Seed 94 Fc 500 Fc 750 Fc 912.5 Fc 900 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 3500 Fc 5000 Fc 6849.32 Fc 6666.67 Fc 6000 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 20000 A 30000 A 36500 A 36000 A 35000 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 7000 A 15000 A 25000 A 24000 A 21000 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 94 A 500 A 750 A 912.5 A 900 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 3500 Fc 5000 Fc 6849.32 Fc 6666.67 Fc 6000 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 13307 Im 13217 Im 13002 Im 12457 Im 12257 Im
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 93500 F 99714 Im 101484 Im 84613 Im 93000 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 70263.8 Fc 75443.8 Fc 78052.6 Fc 67924.1 Fc 75875 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 13307 A 13217 A 13002 A 12457 A 12257 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 93500 A 99714 A 101484 A 84613 A 93000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 70263.8 Fc 75443.8 Fc 78052.6 Fc 67924.1 Fc 75875 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 576 Im 508 Im 580 Im 585 Im 685 Im
Seed cotton Production Quantity 2393 Im 2348 Im 2446 Im 2134 Im 2500 F
Seed cotton Yield 41545.1 Fc 46220.5 Fc 42172.4 Fc 36478.6 Fc 36496.3 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 52000 10000 51000 19216 37474
Sorghum Production Quantity 26125 18316 17050 32298 15805
Sorghum Seed 496.73 Fc 960 Fc 150 Fc 915 Fc 587.67 Fc
Sorghum Yield 5024.04 Fc 18316 Fc 3343.14 Fc 16807.9 Fc 4217.59 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 5527 Im 5381 Im 6200 F 6000 P 7933 Im
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 5871 Im 7000 F 6600 P 7000 F 6600 F
Sunflower seed Seed 15.2 Fc 50.4 Fc 50.4 Fc 50.4 Fc 50.4 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 10622.4 Fc 13008.7 Fc 10645.2 Fc 11666.7 Fc 8319.68 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 4060 Im 4379 Im 4060 Im 4104 Im 3672 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 23000 F 16207 Im 16260 Im 16498 Im 16591 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 56650.3 Fc 37010.7 Fc 40049.3 Fc 40199.8 Fc 45182.5 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 4088 A 4405 A 4084 A 4129 A 3717 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 23448 A 16637 A 16708 A 16898 A 17291 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 57358.1 Fc 37768.4 Fc 40910.9 Fc 40925.2 Fc 46518.7 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 4088 A 4405 A 4084 A 4129 A 3717 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 23448 A 16637 A 16708 A 16898 A 17291 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 57358.1 Fc 37768.4 Fc 40910.9 Fc 40925.2 Fc 46518.7 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 277 Im 290 Im 301 Im 276 Im 343 Im
Wheat Production Quantity 456 Im 414 Im 367 Im 339 Im 531 Im
Wheat Seed 9.6 Fc 33.24 Fc 34.8 Fc 36.12 Fc 33.12 Fc
Wheat Yield 16462.1 Fc 14275.9 Fc 12192.7 Fc 12282.6 Fc 15481 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 25861 Fm 25861 Fm 25918 Fm 25881 Fm 25784 Fm
Agricultural area irrigated Area 0.75 Q 0.6599999999999999 Q 1.5 Q 0.21000000000000002 Q
Arable land Area 259 Fm 259 Q 316 Q 279 Q 182 Q
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 261 Fm 261 Fm 318 Fm 281 Fm 184 Fm
Country area Area 58173 Q 58173 Q 58173 Q 58173 Q 58173 Q
Fallow land Area 16 Fm 16 Q 63 Q 52 Q 74 Q
Forest area Area 11232.6 Fm 11351 Q 11469.4 Fm 11587.8 Fm 11706.2 Fm
Inland water Area 1500 Fm 1500 Fm 1500 Fm 1500 Fm 1500 Fm
Land area Area 56673 Fm 56673 Fm 56673 Fm 56673 Fm 56673 Fm
Other land Area 19579.4 Fm 19461 Fm 19285.6 Fm 19204.2 Fm 19182.8 Fm
Permanent crops Area 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 25600 Fm 25600 Fm 25600 Fm 25600 Fm 25600 Fm
Temporary crops Area 243 Fm 243 W 253 W 227 W 108 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 2 Fm 2 Fm 1.5 Fm 1.5 Fm 1.5 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 25803 Fm 25841.5 Fm 25826 Fm 25796 Fm 25846 Fm
Agricultural area irrigated Area 0.3 Q 0.3 Q 0.13999999999999998 Q
Arable land Area 201 Q 240 Fm 225 Q 195 Q 245 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 203 Fm 241.5 Fm 226 Fm 196 Fm 246 Fm
Country area Area 58173 Q 58173 W 58173 W 58173 Q 58173 Q
Fallow land Area 19 Q 68 Q 99 Q
Forest area Area 11824.6 Fm 11943 E 12061.4 Fm 12179.8 Fm 12298.2 Fm
Inland water Area 1500 Fm 1500 Fm 1500 Fm 1500 Fm 1500 Fm
Land area Area 56673 Fm 56673 Fm 56673 Fm 56673 Q 56673 Q
Other land Area 19045.4 Fm 18888.5 Fm 18785.6 Fm 18697.2 Fm 18528.8 Fm
Permanent crops Area 2 Fm 1.5 Q 1 Q 1 Fm 1 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 25600 Fm 25600 Fm 25600 Fm 25600 F 25600 F
Temporary crops Area 182 Q 158 Q 96 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 1.5 Fm 1.5 Fm 1.5 Fm 1.5 Fm 1.44 I
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files