Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Bhutan

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Datasheet

Bhutan

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 763,092 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 3,140 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 2,395.59 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 2,530.55 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 15.82 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaeAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumAbsentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginaleAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (citrus greening)PresentEPPO (2022); Ahlawat et al. (2003); Doe Doe et al. (2003); Bové (2006); Donovan et al. (2012); CABI/EPPO (2017)
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)PresentEPPO (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO (2021)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella AbortusequiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces invadansAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentDavid (2000); Herb IMI (undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedCABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentEPPO (2022); Barnes et al. (2008); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal)AbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); UK, CAB International (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentNHM (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera correcta (guava fruit fly)PresentEPPO (2022); Drew et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)PresentNativeDrew et al. (2007); CABI and EPPO (2008); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera minax (Chinese citrus fly)PresentAchterberg (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera tauPresentNHM (undated); Drew et al. (2007); Drew and Romig (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly)PresentDrew et al. (2007); CABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)PresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)PresentNakahara (1982)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentAgarwala (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentWilliams (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail)PresentNHM (1891)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris floribundaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRastrococcus invadens (fruit tree mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentTaylor and Halliday (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid)PresentNHM (1985); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentEPPO (2022); Mahat et al. (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentCABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrirachys holosericeus (apple stem borer)PresentNativeSengupta and Sengupta (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespa velutina (Asian hornet)PresentNativeArcher (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similisPresentNativeNHM (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmberboa moschataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); FishBase (2004); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationCockrill (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCallosciurus erythraeus (Pallas's squirrel)PresentNativeCorbet and Hill (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus canadensis (wapiti)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)Present, WidespreadNativeMadge and Burn (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedShireman and Smith (1983); Froese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDicrurus macrocercusPresentNativeGrimmett et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko)Present, WidespreadNativeThe Reptile Database (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes auropunctatus (small Indian mongoose)PresentNativeIUCN (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); FishBase (2005); Seebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeiothrix lutea (red-billed leiothrix)PresentNativeCollar et al. (2014); eBird (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacaca mulatta (rhesus macaque)PresentNativeTimmins et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula eupatria (Alexandrine parakeet)Present, Widespread, Confirmed present by surveyNativeForshaw (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)Present, WidespreadNativeJuniper and Parr (2003); BirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered bulbul)Present, LocalizedNativeBirdLife International (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPython bivittatus (Burmese python)Present, LocalizedNativeGroombridge and Luxmoore (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus tanezumi (Asian house rat)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSuncus murinus (Asian house shrew)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesGyrodactylus salarisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium flexuosum (maidenhair creeper)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMacrothelypteris torresiana (swordfern)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMarsilea minuta (pepperwort)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Parker (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeParker (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus esculentus (okra)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus moschatus (musk mallow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentNativePROTA (2015); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia polyacantha (hook thorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)PresentIntroducedInvasiveParker (1992); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes japonica (Japanese chaff flower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcrocarpus fraxinifolius (shingle tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene americana (shyleaf)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave vivipara (Caribbean agave)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Parker (1992); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedParker (1992); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Noltie (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia chinensis (Chinese albizia)Present, PlantedNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)Present, PlantedNativeILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlcea biennisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Govaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlstroemeria aureaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera pungens (Khaki weed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentParker (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Parker (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Parker (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Parker (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Parker (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaryllis belladonnaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentParker (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon gayanusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAponogeton madagascariensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium minutissimum (Himalayan dwarf mistletoe)PresentNativeInvasiveHawksworth and Wiens (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAreca catechu (betelnut palm)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Parker (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentNativeFlora of China (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus heterophyllus (jackfruit)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2007); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstilbe rivularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus falcatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex hortensis (garden orache)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)PresentParker (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus compressus (carpet grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa monnieri (water hyssop)PresentNativeLansdown et al. (2013); ISSG (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa tuldoides (punting pole bamboo)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Clayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)PresentIntroducedPFAF (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentNativeOrwa et al. (2009); Contu (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBifora testiculataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Hassler (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoehmeria pendulifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed)PresentParker (1992); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa bladhii (Caucasian bluestem)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa insculptaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedNoltie (2000); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBougainvillea spectabilis (great bougainvillea)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)Present, WidespreadNativeChen ShouLiang and Phillips (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBracteantha bracteataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBreynia disticha (snowbush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus cebadillaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus inermis (Awnless brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja asiatica (dog tail)PresentNativeLi and Leeuwenberg (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Grierson and Long (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia bonducPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentNativeILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentNativeInvasivePIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula mediumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia ensiformis (jack bean)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); FAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum baccatum (pepper)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (wavy bittercress)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCascabela thevetia (yellow oleander)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Noltie (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaedorea elegans (parlour palm)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCheilocostus speciosus (crepe ginger )PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Parker (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris gayana (Rhodes grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Gautier (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCichorium endivia (endives)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Doe Doe et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClarkia pulchellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome gynandraPresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum thomsoniae (bleeding glory bower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum wallichii (Wallich's glorybower)PresentNativeDeori et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentNativeRoder (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentNativeGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)PresentParker (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentNoltie (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)Present, LocalizedNative and IntroducedParker (1992); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Parker (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentIntroducedParker (1992); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoreopsis tinctoriaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster acuminatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster nitidusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Parker (1992); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria micansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentNativeILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedParker (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)Present, LocalizedNativeGrierson and Long (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta reflexa (dodder)Present, WidespreadParker (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyathula prostrata (pasture weed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyclanthera pedataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedParker (1992); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge)PresentNoltie (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentParker (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014); Parker (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissooPresentNativeILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Parker (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus carota (carrot)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); ILDIS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium intortum (Green-leaf desmodium)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium uncinatum (Silver-leaf desmodium)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus versicolorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiascia barberaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichondra repensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)Present, WidespreadParker (1992); Clayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria eriantha (pangola grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)Present, LocalizedParker (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDracaena fragrans (corn plant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedParker (1992); USDA-ARS (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDypsis lutescens (yellow butterfly palm)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Parker (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014); Parker (1992); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa esculentaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinodorus grisebachiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops bannaticusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Parker (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, LocalizedIntroducedParker (1992); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)Present, PlantedNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentParker (1992); USDA-NRCS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus elongatus (tall wheatgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus hispidus (intermediate wheatgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus trachycaulusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentNativeBhutan Biodiversity Portal (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron bellioides (bellorita)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Parker (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia leucocephala (white Christmas bush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia milii (crown-of-thorns)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tithymaloides (devil's backbone)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilipendula vulgarisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); Pradhan and Chettri (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia)PresentNativeILDIS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeGrierson and Long (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)Present, WidespreadParker (1992); USDA-ARS (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGamochaeta pensylvanicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGardenia jasminoides (cape jasmine)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista stenopetalaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium nepalensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlandularia peruvianaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); ILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena globosa (globe amaranth)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014); Digital flora of Bhutan (2014); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium gardnerianum (kahili ginger)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedysarum coronariumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis fulva (tawny daylily)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeteropogon contortus (spear grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHevea brasiliensis (rubber)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHippeastrum puniceum (Barbados lily)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila corymbosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila difformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila polysperma (Indian swampweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylotelephium spectabilePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGBIF (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)PresentNoltie (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (white moonflower )PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea cairica (five-fingered morning glory)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carneaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea hederifolia (scarlet-creeper )PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris tectorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine)PresentNativeChhetri (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum officinalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum sambac (Arabian jasmine)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)Present, PlantedIntroducedGrierson and Long (1987); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); Wu et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe integra (Never die)PresentNativeNew York Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Dobremez et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKniphofia uvaria (redhot poker)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKyllinga nemoralis (white kyllinga)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLablab purpureus (hyacinth bean)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamprocapnos spectabilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana montevidensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus odoratus (sweet pea)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); ILDIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet)Present, PlantedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium didymum (lesser swine-cress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLespedeza cuneata (sericea lespedeza)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresent, PlantedIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); ILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimonium platyphyllumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria incarnataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLithospermum officinalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLitsea glutinosa (Indian laurel)PresentNativeHuang et al. (2008); ISSG (2015); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus angustissimusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa acutangula (angled luffa)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus angustifolius (narrow-leaf lupin)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus nootkatensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLychnis coronaria (rose campion)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva neglecta (common mallow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus penduliflorus (Turk's cap mallow)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMartynia annua (tiger's claw)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedNoltie (2000); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop)PresentNativeWood (1987); Noltie et al. (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveParker (1992); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Parker (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria hastata (hastate-leaved pondweed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria vaginalis (pickerel weed)Present, WidespreadParker (1992); Dorji et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass)PresentNativeKumar (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMosla dianthera (miniature beefsteakplant)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentNativeILDIS (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)PresentNativeNoltie (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurraya paniculata (orange jessamine)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMussaenda erythrophylla (red flag bush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis sparsifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNerium oleander (oleander)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeyraudia reynaudiana (burma reed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Parker (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNopalea cochenillifera (cochineal cactus)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNothoscordum x borbonicumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera biennis (common evening primrose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera roseaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnobrychis caput-galliPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnobrychis crista-galliPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOphiopogon japonicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)PresentNativeNoltie (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Parker (1992); Q-bank (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis debilis (pink woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Parker (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine)Present, LocalizedNativePuff (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveParker (1992); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedParker (1992); Seebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Missouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedPradhan and Chettri (1987); Noltie (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum notatum (Bahia grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)PresentNativeNoltie (2000); Agarwala (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeltophorum pterocarpum (copperpod)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedParker (1992); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum pedicellatum (deenanath grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedNoltie (2000); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Clayton et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPentas lanceolata (Egyptian starcluster)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria maculosa (redshank)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Grierson and Long (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria perfoliata (mile-a-minute weed)PresentGrierson and Long (1983); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Parker (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)PresentNativeGrierson and Long (1987); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys nigraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis pubescensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentIntroducedFAO (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine)PresentBarnes et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentParker (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeNoltie (2000); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Parker (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum barbatum (knot grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentParker (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum nepalense (Nepal persicaria)Present, WidespreadGrierson and Long (1983); Parker (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon fugaxPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)PresentNativeILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus sativus (radish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhus typhina (staghorn sumac)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); World Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRodgersia pinnataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa pendulinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRotala densifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia sclareaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); ILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus canadensis (American black elderberry)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Missouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecale montanumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSechium edule (chayote)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum sexangularePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentIntroducedParker (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Grierson and Long (1987); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBhutan Biodiversity Portal (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum americanumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum luteumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)Present, LocalizedIntroducedMill (2001); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2018); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014); Parker (1992); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); ILDIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentParker (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentParker (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia foetida (Java olive)Present, PlantedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStylosanthes hamata (Caribbean Stylo)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentIntroducedUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabernaemontana divaricataPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2018); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarindus indica (tamarind)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak)Present, PlantedCABI Data Mining (undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)Present, PlantedILDIS (2013); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019); Parker (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Mexican sunflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia rotundifolia (red sunflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)PresentNativeHua and Edmonds (2008); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToxicodendron succedaneum (wax tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)Present, LocalizedIntroducedNoltie (1994); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriadica sebifera (Chinese tallow tree)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium hirtum (rose clover)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium mediumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)Present, WidespreadNativeParker (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTropaeolum majus (common nasturtium)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa brizantha (palisadegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa humidicola (koronivia grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa panicoides (liverseed grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedNoltie (2000); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeISSG (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia tenuifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Roskov et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVinca major (Big periwinkle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeeFloras (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXeranthemum annuumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXyris complanata (yellow-eyed grass)PresentNativeRao and Bhat (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYoungia japonica (oriental false hawksbeard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPrabhakaran Nair (2013); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZinnia peruviana (Peruvian zinnia)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsentOIE (2020); Luckins (1988); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusArterivirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusavian metapneumovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine leukemia virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusclassical swine fever virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusepizootic haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfectious salmon anemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019);
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
Virusmyxoma virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
VirusNewcastle disease virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNipah virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrabies virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusred sea bream iridovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWest Nile virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
acarapisosis of honey beesAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
American foul broodAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
anaplasmosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
anthraxPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian chlamydiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian encephalomyelitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian influenzaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019);
avian leukosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian tuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
babesiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infectionAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
blacklegPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetongueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Borrelia anserina infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine anaplasmosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine babesiosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine tuberculosisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine viral diarrhoeaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Present, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
caseous lymphadenitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
classical swine feverPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
coccidiosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious agalactiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious ecthymaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious ophthalmiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Dichelobacter nodosus infectionPresentKelly (1990); Gurung et al. (2006)
dourineAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck virus hepatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Echinococcus granulosusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Echinococcus multilocularisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic ulcerative syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine coital exanthemaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine influenzaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine piroplasmosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine viral arteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
European foul broodAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); Kitching (1998); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
fowl typhoidAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Fusobacterium necrophorum infectionsPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
glandersAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaPresentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Infection with salmonid alphavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious bursal diseasePresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious salmon anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Japanese encephalitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
koi herpesvirus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
leishmaniosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
leptospirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
lumpy skin diseasePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
malignant catarrhal feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Marek's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
myxomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
Newcastle diseasePresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
paratuberculosisPresentGurung et al. (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
pullorum diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rabiesPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); Owoyele (1992); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rinderpestAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultryPresent, WidespreadCork et al. (2002)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
sheep and goat poxPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
small hive beetle infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
stranglesPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
surraAbsentOIE (2019); Luckins (1988); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
swine dysenteryAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
swine erysipelasAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Theileria annulata infectionsPresentOIE (1998)
theileriosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
TrichinellaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
trypanosomosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
varroosis of honey beesAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
ApplesArea harvested725766950849 Im700 Im
Production quantity4,3213,6848,0396,5875,308
Yield59,600 Fc48,094 Fc84,621 Fc77,585 Fc75,829 Fc
ApricotsArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Areca nutsArea harvested1,7471,4091,0361,116 Im1,881 Im
Production quantity16,10711,6819,3429,4679,406
Yield92,198 Fc82,903 Fc90,174 Fc84,830 Fc50,005 Fc
AsparagusArea harvested1076281169M
Production quantity7916079239M
Yield7,383 Fc25,806 Fc9,753 Fc14,142 Fc
BananasArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantity3,7542,7623,1133,0762,636
BarleyArea harvested7926941,3859921,020
Production quantity1,0269292,0051,7021,800
Yield12,955 Fc13,386 Fc14,477 Fc17,157 Fc17,647 Fc
Beans, dryArea harvested376MMMM
Production quantity407MMMM
Yield10,824 Fc
BuckwheatArea harvested2,0711,8812,3552,7922,084
Production quantity2,3501,9913,4803,7053,234
Yield11,347 Fc10,585 Fc14,777 Fc13,270 Fc15,518 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested7037261,4381,109913
Production quantity6,0694,03510,5626,6855,209
Yield86,330 Fc55,579 Fc73,449 Fc60,280 Fc57,054 Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea harvested8117481,260895972
Production quantity10,6679,87913,83811,77511,517
Yield131,529 Fc132,072 Fc109,825 Fc131,564 Fc118,488 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea harvested6487211,077612669
Production quantity2,3102,0364,9462,0822,417
Yield35,648 Fc28,239 Fc45,924 Fc34,020 Fc36,129 Fc
Cereals nesArea harvested1,164 Im1,161 Im1,159 Im1,156 Im1,138 Im
Production quantity1,123 Im1,116 Im1,108 Im1,100 Im1,085 Im
Yield9,648 Fc9,612 Fc9,560 Fc9,516 Fc9,534 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested31,525 A35,982 A56,435 A52,158 A50,532 A
Production quantity103,223 A125,696 A192,652 A176,109 A175,635 A
Yield32,743 Fc34,933 Fc34,137 Fc33,765 Fc34,757 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea harvested2,139 Im2,338 Im2,401 Im1,783 Im1,821 Im
Production quantity12,591 Im13,507 Im13,6069,9079,968 Im
Yield58,864 Fc57,772 Fc56,668 Fc55,564 Fc54,739 Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea harvested1,5041,6323,0652,2421,694
Production quantity7,8437,13313,6069,9077,073
Yield52,148 Fc43,707 Fc44,392 Fc44,188 Fc41,753 Fc
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvested5,050 A4,844 A4,951 A6,858 A3,998 A
Production quantity38,849 A38,846 A41,334 A56,319 A31,270 A
Yield76,929 Fc80,194 Fc83,486 Fc82,122 Fc78,214 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area harvested8098304165M
Production quantity300245643585M
Yield37,500 Fc25,000 Fc21,151 Fc35,455 Fc
Fibre Crops PrimaryArea harvested85 A85 A85 A85 A85 A
Production quantity341 A340 A340 A340 A340 A
Yield40,118 Fc40,000 Fc40,000 Fc40,000 Fc40,000 Fc
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested6,608 A6,395 A6,634 A8,426 A5,478 A
Production quantity55,822 A53,447 A60,514 A72,825 A45,261 A
Yield84,476 Fc83,576 Fc91,218 Fc86,429 Fc82,623 Fc
Fruit, citrus nesArea harvested1,581 Im1,706 Im1,830 Im1,951 Im2,102 Im
Production quantity11,320 Im12,319 Im13,317 Im14,316 Im15,293 Im
Yield71,600 Fc72,210 Fc72,770 Fc73,378 Fc72,755 Fc
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvested432 Im428 Im425 Im421 Im415 Im
Production quantity3,448 Im3,373 Im3,298 Im3,223 Im3,150 Im
Yield79,815 Fc78,808 Fc77,600 Fc76,556 Fc75,904 Fc
GarlicArea harvested312354571745 Im511
Production quantity7615507081,176899
Yield24,391 Fc15,537 Fc12,399 Fc15,785 Fc17,593 Fc
GingerArea harvested9668731,4341,9321,487
Production quantity6,2094,2606,44510,8717,434
Yield64,275 Fc48,797 Fc44,944 Fc56,268 Fc49,993 Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea harvested153108177208M
Production quantity230197246149M
Yield15,033 Fc18,241 Fc13,898 Fc7,163 Fc
JuteArea harvested85 Im85 Im85 Im85 Im85 Im
Production quantity341 Im340 Im340 Im340 Im340 Im
Yield40,118 Fc40,000 Fc40,000 Fc40,000 Fc40,000 Fc
MaizeArea harvested13,14614,90726,73822,91922,998
Production quantity46,23555,25494,05282,03583,714
Yield35,170 Fc37,066 Fc35,175 Fc35,793 Fc36,401 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea harvested13612497100 Im85 Im
Production quantity2,0351,7431,6141,309862
Yield149,632 Fc140,565 Fc166,392 Fc130,900 Fc101,412 Fc
MilletArea harvested1,0871,1171,4671,3141,360
Production quantity1,2401,0711,7391,7141,811
Yield11,408 Fc9,588 Fc11,854 Fc13,044 Fc13,316 Fc
Mustard seedArea harvested6734471,092970981
Production quantity394245969892925
Yield5,854 Fc5,481 Fc8,874 Fc9,196 Fc9,429 Fc
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsArea harvested6,3198,6585,6174,4884,295
Production quantity1,4131,5421,0862,7362,091
Yield2,236 Fc1,781 Fc1,933 Fc6,096 Fc4,868 Fc
OatsArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
OilcropsArea harvested1,090 A711 A1,629 A1,413 A1,194 A
Production quantity803 A551 A1,422 A1,302 A1,145 A
Yield7,367 Fc7,750 Fc8,729 Fc9,214 Fc9,590 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested1,090 A711 A1,629 A1,413 A1,194 A
Production quantity455 A302 A818 A778 A710 A
Yield4,172 Fc4,254 Fc5,022 Fc5,506 Fc5,949 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested1,090 A711 A1,629 A1,413 A1,194 A
Production quantity245 A167 A461 A414 A373 A
Yield2,247 Fc2,354 Fc2,827 Fc2,933 Fc3,121 Fc
Onions, dryArea harvested155159240179219
Production quantity334305489414608
Yield21,548 Fc19,182 Fc20,375 Fc23,128 Fc27,763 Fc
OrangesArea harvested3,4693,1383,1214,907 Im1,896 Im
Production quantity27,52926,52728,01742,00315,977
Yield79,357 Fc84,535 Fc89,769 Fc85,598 Fc84,267 Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea harvested134119101100 Im126 Im
Production quantity1,2461,1351,124972783
Yield92,985 Fc95,378 Fc111,287 Fc97,200 Fc62,143 Fc
PearsArea harvested86727356 Im80 Im
Production quantity1,5841,3721,510963867
Yield184,186 Fc190,556 Fc206,849 Fc171,964 Fc108,375 Fc
Peas, dryArea harvested695 Im496 Im502 Im559 Im653 Im
Production quantity1,047 Im798 Im8591,0141,218
Yield15,065 Fc16,089 Fc17,112 Fc18,140 Fc18,652 Fc
Plums and sloesArea harvested45423742 Im74 Im
Production quantity585532482376385
Yield130,000 Fc126,667 Fc130,270 Fc89,524 Fc52,027 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested4,1854,5065,1925,9264,862
Production quantity43,56044,27857,22358,82048,276
Yield104,086 Fc98,265 Fc110,214 Fc99,258 Fc99,292 Fc
Pulses nesArea harvested1,584 Im1,574 Im1,604 Im1,601 Im1,607 Im
Production quantity982 Im968 Im980 Im970 Im967 Im
Yield6,199 Fc6,150 Fc6,110 Fc6,059 Fc6,017 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested2,655 A2,070 A2,106 A2,160 A2,260 A
Production quantity2,436 A1,766 A1,839 A1,984 A2,185 A
Yield9,175 Fc8,531 Fc8,732 Fc9,185 Fc9,668 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea harvested684 Im441 Im598 Im744 Im531 Im
Production quantity6,0433,8705,2046,4224,596
Yield88,348 Fc87,755 Fc87,023 Fc86,317 Fc86,554 Fc
Rice, paddyArea harvested12,26115,08221,20221,48019,970
Production quantity49,93063,89086,38583,33280,261
Yield40,723 Fc42,362 Fc40,744 Fc38,795 Fc40,191 Fc
Rice, paddy (rice milled equivalent)Production quantity33,303 Fc42,615 Fc57,619 Fc55,582 Fc53,534 Fc
Roots and tubers nesArea harvested2,026 Im2,074 Im2,125 Im2,180 Im2,255 Im
Production quantity35,596 Im35,150 Im34,703 Im34,257 Im33,534 Im
Yield175,696 Fc169,479 Fc163,308 Fc157,142 Fc148,710 Fc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested6,236 A6,606 A7,399 A8,119 A7,145 A
Production quantity79,204 A79,460 A92,006 A93,106 A81,859 A
Yield127,011 Fc120,285 Fc124,349 Fc114,677 Fc114,568 Fc
SoybeansArea harvested251153351220213
Production quantity171107204254220
Yield6,813 Fc6,993 Fc5,812 Fc11,545 Fc10,329 Fc
Spices nesArea harvested767 Im751 Im735 Im719 Im697 Im
Production quantity6,480 Im6,270 Im6,061 Im5,851 Im5,581 Im
Yield84,485 Fc83,489 Fc82,463 Fc81,377 Fc80,072 Fc
Sugar caneArea harvested13 Im3 Im20 Im11 Im16 Im
Production quantity396101638 Im345508
Yield304,615 Fc336,667 Fc319,000 Fc313,636 Fc317,500 Fc
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvested13 A3 A20 A11 A16 A
Production quantity396 A101 A638 A345 A508 A
Yield304,615 Fc336,667 Fc319,000 Fc313,636 Fc317,500 Fc
Sunflower seedArea harvested133915M
Production quantity8237M
Yield6,154 Fc6,667 Fc3,333 Fc4,667 Fc
Sweet potatoesArea harvested2526821328
Production quantity4832802949
Yield19,200 Fc12,308 Fc9,756 Fc22,308 Fc17,500 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvested140 Im139 Im138 Im137 Im136 Im
Production quantity209 Im208 Im206 Im204 Im203 Im
Yield14,929 Fc14,964 Fc14,928 Fc14,891 Fc14,926 Fc
TomatoesArea harvested60133129140179
Production quantity233261383445627
Yield38,833 Fc19,624 Fc29,690 Fc31,786 Fc35,028 Fc
Treenuts, TotalArea harvested39 A42 A44 A30 A40 A
Production quantity256 A223 A239 A181 A211 A
Yield65,641 Fc53,095 Fc54,318 Fc60,333 Fc52,750 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested5,465 A5,605 A9,438 A7,838 A6,571 A
Production quantity35,464 A29,569 A51,852 A41,461 A34,773 A
Yield64,893 Fc52,755 Fc54,940 Fc52,897 Fc52,919 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested401 Im531 Im675 Im838 Im883 Im
Production quantity825 Im1,095 Im1,394 Im1,731 Im1,827
Yield20,574 Fc20,621 Fc20,652 Fc20,656 Fc20,691 Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea harvested39424430 F40 F
Production quantity256223239181211
Yield65,641 Fc53,095 Fc54,318 Fc60,333 Fc52,750 Fc
WheatArea harvested1,0041,1402,1291,5051,962
Production quantity1,3191,4453,8832,5213,730
Yield13,137 Fc12,675 Fc18,239 Fc16,751 Fc19,011 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
F = FAO estimate
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea513 Fm513 Fm519 Fm526 Fm526 Fm
AgricultureArea513 Fc513 Fc519 Fc526 Fc526 Fc
Agriculture area certified organicArea6 I7 I7 I7 I
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area7 I7 I7 I7 I7 I
Arable landArea94 Fm95 Fm100 Fm100 Q100 Q
Country areaArea3,839 Q3,839 Q3,839 Q3,839 Q3,839 Q
CroplandArea100 Q100 Q106 Q113 Q113 Q
Forest landArea2,721 Q2,719 Q2,717 Q2,715 Q2,713 Fm
Inland watersArea25 Q25 Q25 Q28 Q28 Q
Land areaArea3,814 Q3,814 Q3,814 Q3,812 Q3,812 Q
Land area equipped for irrigationArea33 Fm33 Fm33 Q33 Fm33 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea413 Fm413 Fm413 Fm413 Fm413 Fm
Land under permanent cropsArea6 Q6 Q6 Q12 Q12 Q
Naturally regenerating forestArea2,701 Q2,699 Q2,697 Q2,695 Q2,693 Fm
Other landArea580 Fc582 Fc578 Fc571 Fc573 Fc
Planted ForestArea21 Q20 Q20 Q20 Q20 Fm
Primary ForestArea413 Fm413 Fm413 Q413 Fm
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc.
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.