Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Bahamas

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Datasheet

Bahamas

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Bahamas
  • General data
  • Region: Caribbean
  • Area (km2): 138,800
  • Climates: Tropical
  • Capital: Nassau
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 331,140
  • GDP: US$6,570,999,808

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma palmae (lethal yellowing of coconut) Absent, formerly present Howard and, 1983; CABI/EPPO and, 1998a; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly) Present EPPO, 2014; Mound and Halsey, 1978; CIE, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly) Present NHM, unda; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurotrachelus atratus (palm-infesting whitefly) Present Introduced Howard et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly) Present White and Elson-Harris, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha suspensa (Caribbean fruit fly) Present EPPO, 2014; Norrbom et al., 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale) Present CIE, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale) Present Merrill, 1953; Nakahara, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp) Present Native Van Stappen, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Present NHM, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCactoblastis cactorum (cactus moth) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present CIE, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite) Widespread Introduced YesSnyder, 1948.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Introduced Porter, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly) Present IIE, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug) Present Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug) Present García et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present Ben-Dov, 1994; Williams and Granara de Willink, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHaplaxius crudus (American palm cixiid) Present Introduced Tsai, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present CIE, 1961; Bennett and Baranowski, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present CIE, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid) Present CPPC; IIE, 1988; FAO, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia) Present Ben-Dov et al., 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps grandicollis (five-spined bark beetle) Present Wood, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Present CABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp) Present Introduced NoRosenberry , 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2000; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm) Present Native CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present Smith and Cermeli, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatachardina pseudolobata (lobate lac scale) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present IIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant) Present Introduced YesKempf, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; NAPPO 14(4).
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present CIE, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant) Present Native ISSG, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant) Present Introduced YesDavis et al., 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm) Present EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant) Widespread Introduced YesDeyrup, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis sagrei (brown anole) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose) Present, few occurrences Native NoRaffaele et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret) Present Introduced NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis lupus familiaris (dogs) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus coqui (Caribbean tree frog) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus planirostris (greenhouse frog) Present Native NoCope, 1863; Schwartz, 1974; Schwartz and Henderson, 1991; Heinicke et al., 2011; Powell et al., 2011; Powell et al., 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes javanicus (small Indian mongoose) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus ater (brown-headed cowbird) Present, few occurrences Avibase, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet) Unconfirmed record Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia) Present Introduced Chakalall, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPantherophis guttatus (corn snake) Present, few occurrences Introduced Buckner and Franz, 1994; Hayes et al., 2004; Lee, 2004; Knapp et al., 2011; Henderson and Breuil, 2012; Giery, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant) Localised Introduced Lever, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia latipinna (sailfin molly) Widespread Introduced Barton and Wilmhoff, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon) Present Introduced YesHelgen and Wilson, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish) Present Introduced YesAlbins and Hixon, 2008; Freshwater et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciaenops ocellatus (red drum) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoFroese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove) Present Introduced YesBirdLife International, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling) Present Natureserve, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoLong, 1981; Marti et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus hellerii Present Introduced YesBarton and Wilmhoff, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish) Localised Introduced Barton and Wilmhoff, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster) Present Native NoFIGIS, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEuglandina rosea (rosy predator snail) Present Introduced YesGriffiths et al., 1993; Cowie, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilopsis sallei (Caribbean false mussel) Present Native NoMarelli and Gray, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster) Present Native NoLeal, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaVeronicella cubensis (Cuban slug) Present Introduced USDA-APHIS, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaZachrysia provisoria (Cuban brown snail) Present Introduced YesPilsbry, 1928; Deisler and Abbott, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBelonolaimus longicaudatus (sting nematode) Present Perry and Rhoades, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRhadinaphelenchus cocophilus (red ring nematode) Absent, unreliable record CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMacrothelypteris torresiana (swordfern) Present Introduced Correll and Correll, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern) Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spicifera Present Native Littler and Littler, 2000; Taylor, 1960.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformis Present Native Taylor, 1960.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Britton and Millspaugh, 1920.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow) Present Introduced Harshberger, 1903.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle) Present Introduced YesBEST Commission, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip) Present Introduced YesBritton and Millspaugh, 1920; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002; Correll and Correll, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp) Present Introduced Britton and Millspaugh, 1920.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Introduced NoJohnson, 1971.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree) Present Introduced Krisnawati et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth) Present Native Correll and Correll, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2016; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill) Present Introduced Britton and Millspaugh, 1920; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009; Britton and Millspaugh, 1920; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced Perdue, 1958; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower) Present Liogier, 1985; USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern) Present Introduced Kairo et al., 2003; GBIF, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaccharis halimifolia (groundsel-bush) Present Native Van Deelen, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria lupulina (hophead Philippine violet) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBatis maritima (saltwort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony) Present Introduced YesSmith, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia candida (angel's trumpet) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom) Present Introduced YesWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (woodland bittercress) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present Introduced YesCronk and Fuller, 1995; Hammerton, 2001; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia)) Present Introduced YesHammerton, 2001; BEST Commission, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present Native GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum diurnum (day jessamine) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed) Present Native Gautier, 1992b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysophyllum oliviforme Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower) Present Introduced Britton and Millspaugh, 1920.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum speciosissimum (Java glory bower) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClusia rosea Present Native NoFrancis, 1993; Riffle, 1998; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColubrina asiatica (latherleaf) Present Introduced YesSmith, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed) Widespread Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine) Present Introduced Britton and Millspaugh, 1920.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass) Localised Introduced eMonocot, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura inoxia (Downy Thornapple) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam) Present Introduced Correll and Correll, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato) Present Introduced YesCorrell and Correll, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; Gentry, 1973; Kairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Introduced Correll and Correll, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003; Gopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge ) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan) Present Introduced YesSmith, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant) Urban, 1898-1928; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia ) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002; WAC, 2005; Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHaematoxylum campechianum (logwood) Present Introduced Correll and Correll, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea sagittata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory) Present Adams at al., 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda) Present Introduced Kairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine) Present Introduced Correll and Correll, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Present Introduced NoKairo et al., 2003; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush) Present Morton, 1981; CSIRO, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone) Present Introduced Correll and Correll, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant) Present Introduced Correll and Correll, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells) Present Introduced Boiteau and Allorge-Boiteau, 1995; Correll and Correll, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle) Present Introduced Urban, 1920.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Present YesGovaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLaunaea intybacea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifolia Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced YesHughes, 1998a; Hughes, 1998b; Kairo et al., 2003; ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla) Widespread Introduced Kairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Introduced NoHitchcock and Chase, 1910.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced BEST Commission, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelicoccus bijugatus (Spanish lime) Present Introduced Correll and Correll, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop) Widespread Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint) Widespread Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania scandens Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock) Present Introduced PROTA, 2016; Gardiner and Brace, 1889.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Gardens, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry) Present Native Correll and Correll, 1982; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeyraudia reynaudiana (burma reed) Present Introduced Correll and Correll, 1982; Hill, 1976; Nickrent et al., 1988; Smith, 2010; Bullard, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea ampla (dot-leaf water-lily) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea odorata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid) Present Introduced Correll and Correll, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007; USDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde) Present Native ILDIS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium) Localised Native Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Native Chase, 1929.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower) Present Native NoKillip, 1938.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass) Widespread Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed) Present Native Correll and Correll, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry) Present Introduced Morton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree) Present Native YesBEST Commission, 2003; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Introduced Correll, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick) Present Native Hitchcock, 1893; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2015; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava) Present Introduced Morton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava) Present Introduced YesInstitute of Pacific Islands Forestry, 2002; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant) Present Introduced PROTA, 2016; New York Botanical Garden, 2016; UPRRP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia coccinea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia occidentalis (West Indian sage) Present Native Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria hyacinthoides (African bowstring hemp) Present Introduced Correll and Correll, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka) Present Introduced YesBEST Commission, 2003; Kairo et al., 2003; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree) Present Introduced Correll and Correll, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree) Present Introduced YesBEST Commission, 2003; Kairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sericea (silky sesban) Present Introduced Correll and Correll, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez et al., 2015; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus tenuissimus (tropical dropseed) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine) Present Introduced YesGovaerts, 2012; ISSG, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple) Present Introduced Morton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia heterophylla (pink trumpet tree) Present USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia rosea (pink poui) Present Introduced PROTA, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia) Present Introduced NoKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond) Present Introduced YesSmith, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachelospermum jasminoides (star-jasmine) Present Introduced YesBEST, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen) Present Introduced Correll and Correll, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily) Present Introduced Correll and Correll, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew) Present Introduced NoAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine) Present Bennett and Baranowski, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriphasia trifolia (limeberry) Present Introduced Correll and Correll, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Britton and Millspaugh, 1920.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Present Native Correll and Correll, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena sinuata (bur mallow) Present Native Correll and Correll, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibba Present Native NoGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard) Present Introduced Feenstra and Clements, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube) Present Introduced Morton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass) Present Introduced eMonocot, 2016.
VirusPapaya ringspot virus Present McMillan et al., 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl) Restricted distribution Sinisterra et al., 2000; EPPO, 2014.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
bluetongue Disease not reported Gibbs and Greiner, 1985.
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtles Present Williams et al., 1994.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Bananas Area Harvested 463 Im 347 Im 326 Im 299 Im 319 Im
Bananas Production Quantity 4665 Im 4252 Im 3686 Im 3285 Im 3603 Im
Bananas Yield 100756 Fc 122536 Fc 113067 Fc 109866 Fc 112947 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 25 Im 23 Im 19 Im 16 Im 18 F
Cassava Production Quantity 262 Im 241 Im 188 Im 175 Im 190 F
Cassava Yield 104800 Fc 104783 Fc 98947.4 Fc 109375 Fc 105556 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 100 A 150 A 219 A 163 A 180 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 441 A 409 A 385 A 337 A 400 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 4 A 4 A 6 A 8.76 A 6.52 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 44100 Fc 27266.7 Fc 17579.9 Fc 20674.8 Fc 22222.2 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 100 A 150 A 219 A 163 A 180 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 441 A 409 A 385 A 337 A 400 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 4 A 4 A 6 A 8.76 A 6.52 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 44100 Fc 27266.7 Fc 17579.9 Fc 20674.8 Fc 22222.2 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1471 A 1691 A 1606 A 1590 A 1660 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 28796 A 32121 A 27903 A 31494 A 33400 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 195758 Fc 189953 Fc 173742 Fc 198075 Fc 201205 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 100 A 150 A 219 A 163 A 180 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 441 A 409 A 385 A 337 A 400 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 4 A 4 A 6 A 8.76 A 6.52 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 44100 Fc 27266.7 Fc 17579.9 Fc 20674.8 Fc 22222.2 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2378 A 2521 A 2374 A 2296 A 2425 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 40016 A 42593 A 37176 A 39279 A 40346 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 168276 Fc 168953 Fc 156596 Fc 171076 Fc 166375 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 444 Im 483 Im 442 Im 407 Im 446 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 6555 Im 6220 Im 5587 Im 4500 F 3343 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 147635 Fc 128778 Fc 126403 Fc 110565 Fc 74955.2 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 1138 Im 1341 Im 1274 Im 1280 F 1350 F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 16360 Im 20320 Im 17302 Im 23000 F 24000 F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 143761 Fc 151529 Fc 135808 Fc 179688 Fc 177778 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 333 Im 350 F 332 Im 310 F 310 F
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 12436 Im 11801 Im 10601 Im 8494 Im 9400 F
Lemons and limes Yield 373453 Fc 337171 Fc 319307 Fc 274000 Fc 303226 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 100 Im 150 F 219 Im 163 Im 180 F
Maize Production Quantity 441 Im 409 Im 385 Im 337 Im 400 F
Maize Seed 4 Fc 4 Fc 6 Fc 8.76 Fc 6.52 Fc
Maize Yield 44100 Fc 27266.7 Fc 17579.9 Fc 20674.8 Fc 22222.2 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 101 Im 83 Im 96 Im 95 Im 80 F
Onions, dry Production Quantity 1034 Im 753 Im 841 Im 842 Im 740 F
Onions, dry Yield 102376 Fc 90722.9 Fc 87604.2 Fc 88631.6 Fc 92500 Fc
Pigeon peas Area Harvested 227 Im 228 Im 241 Im 213 Im 200 F
Pigeon peas Production Quantity 175 Im 126 Im 152 Im 124 Im 135 F
Pigeon peas Seed 4.54 Fc 4.54 Fc 4.56 Fc 4.82 Fc 4.26 Fc
Pigeon peas Yield 7709.25 Fc 5526.32 Fc 6307.05 Fc 5821.6 Fc 6750 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 227 A 228 A 241 A 213 A 200 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 175 A 126 A 152 A 124 A 135 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 4.54 A 4.54 A 4.56 A 4.82 A 4.26 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 7709.25 Fc 5526.32 Fc 6307.05 Fc 5821.6 Fc 6750 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 203 A 316 A 306 A 233 A 252 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1020 A 1137 A 1170 A 1009 A 1058 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 50246.3 Fc 35981 Fc 38235.3 Fc 43304.7 Fc 41984.1 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 2300 F 2300 F 2300 F 2300 F 2300 F
Sugar cane Production Quantity 57500 F 57500 F 57500 F 57500 F 57500 F
Sugar cane Yield 250000 Fc 250000 Fc 250000 Fc 250000 Fc 250000 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 178 Im 293 Im 287 Im 217 Im 234 Im
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 758 Im 896 Im 982 Im 834 Im 868 Im
Sweet potatoes Yield 42584.3 Fc 30580.2 Fc 34216 Fc 38433.2 Fc 37094 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 439 Im 391 Im 567 Im 506 Im 473 Im
Tomatoes Production Quantity 4434 Im 3749 Im 4856 Im 4050 Im 4135 Im
Tomatoes Yield 101002 Fc 95882.4 Fc 85643.7 Fc 80039.5 Fc 87420.7 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 2628 Im 4175 Im 4346 Im 2350 F 2350 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 16088 Im 17942 Im 18328 Im 20500 F 20500 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 61217.7 Fc 42974.8 Fc 42172.1 Fc 87234 Fc 87234 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 3168 A 4649 A 5009 A 2951 A 2903 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 21556 A 22444 A 24025 A 25392 A 25375 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 68042.9 Fc 48277.1 Fc 47963.7 Fc 86045.4 Fc 87409.6 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 3168 A 4649 A 5009 A 2951 A 2903 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 21556 A 22444 A 24025 A 25392 A 25375 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 68042.9 Fc 48277.1 Fc 47963.7 Fc 86045.4 Fc 87409.6 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Bananas Area Harvested 300 F 280 F 280 F 270 F 250 F
Bananas Production Quantity 3750 F 3500 F 3500 F 3400 F 3200 F
Bananas Yield 125000 Fc 125000 Fc 125000 Fc 125926 Fc 128000 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 16 F 21 Im 15 F 14 Im 13 F
Cassava Production Quantity 170 F 154 Im 155 F 135 F 130 F
Cassava Yield 106250 Fc 73333.3 Fc 103333 Fc 96428.6 Fc 100000 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 170 A 170 A 165 A 160 A 160 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 380 A 360 A 355 A 340 A 305 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 7.2 A 7 A 6.8 A 6.6 A 6.4 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 22352.9 Fc 21176.5 Fc 21515.2 Fc 21250 Fc 19062.5 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 170 A 170 A 165 A 160 A 160 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 380 A 360 A 355 A 340 A 305 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 7.2 A 7 A 6.8 A 6.6 A 6.4 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 22352.9 Fc 21176.5 Fc 21515.2 Fc 21250 Fc 19062.5 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1300 A 1080 A 1130 A 970 A 960 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 27100 A 23700 A 24200 A 21000 A 20000 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 208462 Fc 219444 Fc 214159 Fc 216495 Fc 208333 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 170 A 170 A 165 A 160 A 160 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 380 A 360 A 355 A 340 A 305 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 7.2 A 7 A 6.8 A 6.6 A 6.4 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 22352.9 Fc 21176.5 Fc 21515.2 Fc 21250 Fc 19062.5 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2032 A 1765 A 1859 A 1740 A 1670 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 34099 A 30424 A 31500 A 28000 A 26500 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 167810 Fc 172374 Fc 169446 Fc 160920 Fc 158683 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 432 Im 405 Im 449 Im 500 F 460 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 3249 Im 3224 Im 3800 F 3600 F 3300 F
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 75208.3 Fc 79604.9 Fc 84632.5 Fc 72000 Fc 71739.1 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 1000 F 800 F 850 F 700 F 700 F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 18000 F 15000 F 15500 F 12500 F 12000 F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 180000 Fc 187500 Fc 182353 Fc 178571 Fc 171429 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 300 F 280 F 280 F 270 F 260 F
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 9100 F 8700 F 8700 F 8500 F 8000 F
Lemons and limes Yield 303333 Fc 310714 Fc 310714 Fc 314815 Fc 307692 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 170 F 170 F 165 F 160 F 160 F
Maize Production Quantity 380 F 360 F 355 F 340 F 305 F
Maize Seed 7.2 Fc 7 F 6.8 Fc 6.6 Fc 6.4 Fc
Maize Yield 22352.9 Fc 21176.5 Fc 21515.2 Fc 21250 Fc 19062.5 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 75 F 84 Im 85 Im 75 Im 77 Im
Onions, dry Production Quantity 720 F 912 Im 936 Im 751 Im 700 F
Onions, dry Yield 96000 Fc 108571 Fc 110118 Fc 100133 Fc 90909.1 Fc
Pigeon peas Area Harvested 190 F 146 Im 180 F 175 F 170 F
Pigeon peas Production Quantity 130 F 98 Im 125 F 120 F 115 F
Pigeon peas Seed 4 Fc 4 F 2.92 Fc 3.6 Fc 3.5 Fc
Pigeon peas Yield 6842.11 Fc 6712.33 Fc 6944.44 Fc 6857.14 Fc 6764.71 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 190 A 146 A 180 A 175 A 170 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 130 A 98 A 125 A 120 A 115 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 4 A 4 A 2.92 A 3.6 A 3.5 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 6842.11 Fc 6712.33 Fc 6944.44 Fc 6857.14 Fc 6764.71 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 191 A 292 A 275 A 264 A 253 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 868 A 1040 A 1035 A 985 A 965 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 45445 Fc 35616.4 Fc 37636.4 Fc 37310.6 Fc 38142.3 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 2300 F 2000 F 2000 F 2000 F 2200 F
Sugar cane Production Quantity 57500 F 50000 F 50000 F 50000 F 55000 F
Sugar cane Yield 250000 Fc 250000 Fc 250000 Fc 250000 Fc 250000 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 175 Im 271 Im 260 F 250 F 240 F
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 698 Im 886 Im 880 F 850 F 835 F
Sweet potatoes Yield 39885.7 Fc 32693.7 Fc 33846.2 Fc 34000 Fc 34791.7 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 450 F 350 F 410 F 400 F 370 F
Tomatoes Production Quantity 4400 F 3500 F 4000 F 3950 F 3500 F
Tomatoes Yield 97777.8 Fc 100000 Fc 97561 Fc 98750 Fc 94594.6 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 2300 F 2300 F 2300 F 2200 F 2100 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 20000 F 20000 F 20000 F 19000 F 17500 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 86956.5 Fc 86956.5 Fc 86956.5 Fc 86363.6 Fc 83333.3 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 2825 A 2734 A 2795 A 2675 A 2547 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 25120 A 24412 A 24936 A 23701 A 21700 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 88920.4 Fc 89290.4 Fc 89216.5 Fc 88601.9 Fc 85198.3 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2825 A 2734 A 2795 A 2675 A 2547 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 25120 A 24412 A 24936 A 23701 A 21700 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 88920.4 Fc 89290.4 Fc 89216.5 Fc 88601.9 Fc 85198.3 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 15 Fm 15 Fm 14 Fm 13 Fm 13 Fm
Arable land Area 9 Fm 9 Fm 8 Fm 7 Fm 7 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 13 Fm 13 Fm 12 Fm 11 Fm 11 Fm
Country area Area 1388 W 1388 W 1388 W 1388 W 1388 W
Forest area Area 515 Fm 515 E 515 Fm 515 Fm 515 Fm
Inland water Area 387 Fm 387 Fm 387 Fm 387 Fm 387 Fm
Land area Area 1001 Fm 1001 Fm 1001 Fm 1001 Fm 1001 Fm
Other land Area 471 Fm 471 Fm 472 Fm 473 Fm 473 Fm
Permanent crops Area 4 Fm 4 Fm 4 Fm 4 Fm 4 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 13 Fm 13 Fm 13 Fm 13 Fm 13 Fm
Arable land Area 7 Fm 7 Fm 7 Fm 7 Fm 7 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 11 Fm 11 Fm 11 Fm 11 Fm 11 Fm
Country area Area 1388 W 1388 W 1388 W 1388 Q 1388 Q
Forest area Area 515 Fm 515 E 515 Fm 515 Fm 515 Fm
Inland water Area 387 Fm 387 Fm 387 Fm 387 Fm 387 Fm
Land area Area 1001 Fm 1001 Fm 1001 Fm 1001 Q 1001 Q
Other land Area 473 Fm 473 Fm 473 Fm 473 Fm 473 Fm
Permanent crops Area 4 Fm 4 Fm 4 Fm 4 F 4 F
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 F 2 F
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 F 1 F
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files