Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Bolivia

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Datasheet

Bolivia

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 11,513,100 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 3,520 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 40,563.57 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 40,895.32 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 12.22 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
yellow head virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentPruett and Waller (1989); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma australienseAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022); Jones et al. (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresentSchotman (1989)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesSpiroplasma kunkelii (corn stunt spiroplasma)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2008)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginalePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Hepatobacter penaeiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaVibrio parahaemolyticusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)PresentBraithwaite et al. (2002); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas translucens pv. cerealis (bacterial leaf streak of grasses)PresentEPPO (2014)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas translucens pv. translucens (bacterial leaf streak of barley)PresentMehta (1990); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces invadansAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFrederiksen and Renfro (1977); UK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982); Gavino and Fry (2002); Coca Morante (2016)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBipolaris victoriae (Victoria blight of oats)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); Herb IMI (1982); UK, CAB International (1990)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot)PresentIntroducedBandyopadhyay et al. (1998); CABI and EPPO (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaConiothyrium glycines (red leaf blotch)PresentEPPO (2022); Sinclair (1989); UK, CAB International (1991)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiplodia seriata (grapevine trunk disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab)PresentCardenas and Jenkins (1951); CABI/EPPO (2012); Fan et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (Fusarium wilt)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMagnaporthe oryzae Triticum pathotype (wheat blast)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBarea and Toledo (1996); Mills et al. (2021)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTejerina (1997); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora ulei (South American leaf blight of rubber (SALB))PresentNativeInvasiveAlandia and Bell (1957); UK, CAB International (1990); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora perniciosa (witches' broom disease of cacao)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora roreri (frosty pod rot)PresentPhillips-Mora et al. (2012); Phillips-Mora et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentIntroducedHernández (2005); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)PresentQuintana (1984); CIMMYT (1988)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaThecaphora frezii (peanut smut)PresentSoave et al. (2014)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaThecaphora solani (potato smut)PresentFarr and Stevenson (1963); UK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentBPI (US National Fungus Collections) (2009)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)PresentBarrionuevo and Ponssa (2008); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)PresentEPPO (2022); Manuel et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha grandis (South American cucurbit fruit fly)PresentNativeStone (1942); Norrbom (1991); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha striata (guava fruit fly)PresentNativeStone (1942); Norrbom et al. (1999); CABI and EPPO (2002); Manuel et al. (2012); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentEPPO (2022); Viscarret et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentGómez et al. (2005); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveManuel et al. (2012); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentSquire (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveSquire (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina eucalypti (blue gum psyllid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHodkinson (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, LocalizedPeyton et al. (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Present, WidespreadNakahara (1982); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994); Palma-Jiménez and Blanco-Meneses (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGymnandrosoma aurantianum (citrus fruit borer)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1961)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentSquire (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug)PresentNativeCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentCristancho et al. (2007); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil)PresentMorrone (1993); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegaplatypus mutatusPresentNativeWood and Bright (1992); CABI and EPPO (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentSmith and Cermeli (1979); UK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeoleucinodes elegantalis (eggplant stem borer)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOxycarenus hyalinipennis (cotton, seed bug)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPaysandisia archon (South American palm borer)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentFlint et al. (1979); UK, CAB International (1990); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1984); Löhr and Varela (1987); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea absoluta (tomato leafminer)Present, WidespreadIntroducedPovolny (1975); Moore (1983); Schotman (1989); CABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Present, WidespreadCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentNakahara (1982); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus elisae (banana mealybug)PresentWilliams and Granara de Willink (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil)PresentCandía and Simmonds (1965); Wattanapongsiri (1966); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRusselliana solanicolaPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentSquire (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentNativeISSG (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant)PresentNativePitts (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentEPPO (2022); Nagoshi et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTibraca limbativentris (stinkbug)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)Present, WidespreadSmith and Cermeli (1979); CABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentNativeISSG (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); FishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichla ocellaris (peacock cichlid)Present, WidespreadNativeWinemiller (2001); Kullander and Ferreira (2006); Willis et al. (2012); Espínola et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)AbsentShireman and Smith (1983); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); FAO (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidelphis marsupialis (common opossum)Present, WidespreadNativeIUCN (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHoplosternum littorale (armoured catfish)PresentNativeFishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana)PresentNativeLeenders (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet)PresentNativeInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Behnke (2002); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Pullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); FAO (1997); Pullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)Present, LocalizedNativeFjeldså and Krabbe (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPiaractus brachypomus (pirapitinga)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus namaycush (lake trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedVogler et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn)Present, WidespreadNativeCowie and Thiengo (2003); Simone (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Cowie and Thiengo (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea maculataPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedNativeFranco et al. (1998); Franco et al. (1999); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)PresentNativeCanto Saenz and Mayer de Scurrah (1977); Roberts and Stone (1983); Bendezu et al. (1998); Bendezu et al. (1998); CABI/EPPO (2011); Oro et al. (2014); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentTaylor et al. (1982); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)PresentTaylor et al. (1982); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus bolivianusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentBridge and Page (1982); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Present, WidespreadTapia and Franco (1993); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesGyrodactylus salarisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentNativeSvenson (1944); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum appendiculatum (palm fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMacrothelypteris torresiana (swordfern)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeThomson and Alonso-Amelot (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris tripartita (giant brake)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedMissouri Botanical Garden (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minimaPresentNativeGBIF (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaThelypteris opulenta (jewelled maiden fern)PresentIntroducedLabiak and Prado (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus moschatus (musk mallow)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedJørgensen et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia caven (Roman cassie)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedCSIRO (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentNativeILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (coojong)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2007); Bolivia Catalogue (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)PresentNativeGonzalez and Webb (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene americana (shyleaf)PresentNativeILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentNativeGonzales and Webb (1989); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis castellanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentILDIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia niopoides (silk tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloysia citrodora (lemon verbena)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera caracasanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)PresentJulien et al. (1995); USDA-ARS (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentAnton and Zoluaga (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus cruentus (red amaranth)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth)PresentNativeGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentNativeJørgensen et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentUSDA-ARS (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia peruviana (Peruvian ragweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia tenuifolia (lacy ragweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentCABI (Undated); Morton (1987); Orwa et al. (2009);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentNativeCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedUSA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); USDA-ARS (2015); Weeds of Australia (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia littoralis (elegant dutchman's pipe)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia ringens (Dutchman’s pipe)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)Present, PlantedIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2007); Clayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)Present, WidespreadNativeUSA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2011); USDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed)PresentHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex semibaccata (Australian saltbush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAustrocylindropuntia subulata (Eve’s needle cactus)PresentNative and IntroducedChinnock (2015); Missouri Botanical Garden (2019); USDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)PresentHafliger and Scholz (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa monnieri (water hyssop)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa tuldoides (punting pole bamboo)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens subalternansPresentNativeEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed)PresentVerdcourt (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa bladhii (Caucasian bluestem)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBougainvillea spectabilis (great bougainvillea)PresentIntroducedJørgensen et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBreynia disticha (snowbush)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentGBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)PresentGBIF (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (Undated); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalceolaria chelidonioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)PresentIntroducedPalmer et al. (1994); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repens (creeping inch-plant)PresentNativeGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentIntroducedKiew (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia ensiformis (jack bean)PresentIntroducedJørgensen et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentIntroducedTollervey et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009); Correll et al. (2005); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum baccatum (pepper)PresentNativeEshbaugh (1970); Basu and De (2003); USDA-ARS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (wavy bittercress)PresentIntroducedJørgensen et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentEPPO (2022); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentNativeJørgensen et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarludovica palmata (Panama hat plant)PresentNativeIUCN (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCascabela thevetia (yellow oleander)PresentNativeGovaerts (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree)PresentVallve (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroducedKilleen et al. (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedJørgensen et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)PresentHolm et al. (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy)PresentNativeKirkman (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCereus hildmannianusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum parqui (Chilean jessamine)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentHafliger and Scholz (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris gayana (Rhodes grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentNativeGautier (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinchona pubescens (quinine tree)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon)PresentIntroducedUSA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus verticillata (possum grape vine)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum bungei (rose glorybower)PresentIntroducedBolivia Checklist (2014); Flora Mesoamericana (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum thomsoniae (bleeding glory bower)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentNativeWester and Wood (1977); Missouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedHenderson et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedJørgensen et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentCiba Geigy (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2004); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia jubata (purple pampas grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos)PresentIntroducedBolivia Catalogue (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia)PresentIntroducedJørgensen et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria maypurensis (rattlebox weed)PresentNativeJørgensen et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCroton argenteus (silver July croton)PresentNativeGovaerts (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCucumis anguria (West Indian gherkin)PresentIntroducedJørgensen et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea hyssopifolia (false heather)PresentNativeFlora, Mesoamericana (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentIntroducedJørgensen et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyathula prostrata (pasture weed)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2003); Moore et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentIntroducedGonzales and Webb (1989); Gómez-Laurito (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus meyenianus (Meyen's flatsedge)PresentNativeMacbride (1936); Foster (1958)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)PresentIntroducedJørgensen et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura inoxia (Downy Thornapple)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedNaturalizedBolivia Checklist (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedUSA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)PresentNativeILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium uncinatum (Silver-leaf desmodium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDieffenbachia seguine (dumb cane)PresentNativeCroat (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria fuscescens (yellow crab grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)Present, WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper)PresentNativeUlloa (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDypsis lutescens (yellow butterfly palm)PresentIntroducedJørgensen et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Clayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-pavonis (gulf cockspur grass)PresentNativeTropicos (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth)PresentNativeUK, Royal Botanic Gardens (Kew) (2009); USA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009); USDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, LocalizedGopal (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2018); Gonzales and Webb (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis amabilis (Japanese lovegrass)PresentIntroducedPeterson and Vega (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis ciliaris (gophertail lovegrass)PresentIntroducedGiraldo Cañas et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2012); Belcher (1956)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)PresentIntroducedJørgensen et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina berteroana (coralbean)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina poeppigiana (coral tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptusPresentCABI Data Mining (undated); Constantino (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus japonicus (Japanese spindle tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentNativeGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia milii (crown-of-thorns)PresentIntroducedPOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEustachys retusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentIntroducedeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (Undated); FAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); WBN Flora Database (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Flora of Nicaragua (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus uhdei (tropical ash)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2015); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFuntumia elastica (West African rubber tree)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedSmithsonian Museum of Natural History (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp)Present, WidespreadIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeoffroea decorticans (Chilean palo verde)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009); WAC (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar)PresentIntroducedJørgensen et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena globosa (globe amaranth)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena serrata (arrasa con todo)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGossypium barbadense (Gallini cotton)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGymnocoronis spilanthoides (Senegal tea plant)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1979); USA, USDA-ARS (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMissouri Botanical Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelanthium bolivianumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliocarpus americanus (white moho)Present, WidespreadNativeLay (1949); USDA-ARS (2012); Grandtner and Chevrette (2013); Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum (salt heliotrope)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentJohnston (1928)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemigraphis alternata (red ivy)PresentIntroducedJørgensen et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeteropogon contortus (spear grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHevea brasiliensis (rubber)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus elatus (blue mahoe)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum pubiflorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHura crepitans (sand box)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedMathias (1936); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne)Present, WidespreadNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis brevipes (lesser roundweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis spicigera (black sesame)PresentRoskov et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut)PresentNativeGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (busy lizzy)PresentIntroducedJørgensen et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInga punctata (ice cream bean tree)Present, WidespreadNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (white moonflower )PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea cairica (five-fingered morning glory)PresentIntroducedStaples (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carneaPresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea hederifolia (scarlet-creeper )PresentNativeStaples (2016); Witt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentDavidse et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)PresentGunn and Ritchie (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine)PresentIntroducedStåhl (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum sambac (Arabian jasmine)PresentIntroducedJørgensen et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)Present, PlantedNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)Present, WidespreadNativeGardner and Bennetts (1956); Padua et al. (1999); Ocampo and Balick (2009); USA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); Balslev (1996); Kirschner (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut)PresentNativeDaniel (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe blossfeldiana (flaming katy)PresentIntroducedJørgensen et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedJørgensen et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus odoratus (sweet pea)PresentIntroducedBolivia Catalogue (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet)PresentIntroducedJørgensen et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentPyrah (1969)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentNativeWCSP (2018); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa mucronata (mucronate sprangletop )PresentNativeeMonocot (2016); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016); Royal Botanic Gardens Kew (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)PresentIntroducedJørgensen et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentIntroducedLewis (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLivistona chinensis (Chinese fan palm)PresentIntroducedJørgensen et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah)PresentZipcode Zoo (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus angustifolius (narrow-leaf lupin)PresentIntroducedBolivia Catalogue (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum maritimum (pukamole)PresentNativeRitter (2004); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro)PresentNativeBolivia Catalogue (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus penduliflorus (Turk's cap mallow)PresentIntroducedBolivia Catalogue (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedMissouri Botanical Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)Present, WidespreadIntroducedGBIF (2012); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose)PresentNativeWood et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia cissoides (roadside woodrose)PresentNativeWood et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentHammel (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentNativeWood et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia)PresentNativeMeyer (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)PresentNativeSmith and Killeen (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); Rusby (1895)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica balsamina (common balsam apple)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry)Present, WidespreadNativeArrázola (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurraya paniculata (orange jessamine)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentEPPO (2022); Ritter and Crow (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella neesiana (Chilean needlegrass)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNerium oleander (oleander)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru)PresentHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana longifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana plumbaginifolia (Tex-Mex tobacco)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2017); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNopalea cochenillifera (cochineal cactus)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid)PresentIntroducedDodson and Bennett (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia corymbosa (flat-top mille graines)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia lancifolia (calycose mille graines)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. europaea (European olive)PresentIntroducedEncyclopedia of the Nations (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)Present, PlantedIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis articulataPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentQ-bank (2013); Wells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis debilis (pink woodsorrel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPachira aquatica (pachira nut)PresentNativeAlverson (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPachira insignis (wild chestnut)PresentNativeAlverson (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)Present, PlantedNativeILDIS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentNativeDale (1981); Aneja et al. (1991); Kohli and Daizy Rani (1994); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentNativeGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum densum (dense crowngrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentNativeEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum fasciculatum (bull grass)PresentFlora of Pakistan (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum millegrana (yerba brava)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum notatum (Bahia grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)Present, WidespreadNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2012); Soreng et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum virgatum (sword grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentNativeCervi (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentNativeKillip (1938); Frank (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora ligularis (sweet granadilla)Present, WidespreadNativeJørgensen et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tarminiana (banana passionfruit)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tripartita var. mollissima (banana passionfruit)Present, WidespreadNativeKillip (1938); Holm-Nielsen et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOchoa and Andrade (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedHafliger and Scholz (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria maculosa (redshank)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentILDIS (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)PresentIntroducedUSDA-APHIS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis ixocarpaPresentArocha et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper)PresentNativeStarr et al. (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentIntroducedCooper (1956); Missouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage)PresentBolivia Checklist (2014); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationBolivia Checklist (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPontederia cordata (pickerel weed)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)Present, PlantedIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedLegrand (1952)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)Present, PlantedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis ruscifoliaPresent, LocalizedNativeBurkart (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedVanhellemont (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012); Govaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterolepis glomerata (false meadowbeauty)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Almeda (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPyracantha coccinea (scarlet firethorn)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaQuamoclit hederifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRotala ramosiorPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedUnterladstatter (1979); Millhollon and Burner (1993); Valverde et al. (1999); Avila et al. (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)PresentIntroducedISSG (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRytidostylis carthagenensisPresentNativeHassler (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix humboldtiana (pencil willow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia occidentalis (West Indian sage)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus canadensis (American black elderberry)PresentIntroducedJørgensen et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)Present, PlantedIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentIntroducedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSechium edule (chayote)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedJørgensen et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); Smithsonian Museum of Natural History (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna)PresentNativeCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna hirsuta (hairy senna)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)PresentIrwin and Barneby (1982); USDA-ARS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentNativeGonzalez and Webb (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); ILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)Present, WidespreadNativeGBIF (2012); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida linifolia (flaxleaf fanpetals)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)PresentNativeFunk et al. (2007); Lim (2013); USDA-ARS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum quitoense (naranjilla)PresentIntroducedBolivia Catalogue (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium (sticky nightshade)PresentNativePOWO (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentNativeJones et al. (2005); USDA-ARS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisPresentGBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFlora Mesoamericana (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHunter and Heywood (2011); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentOtazú et al. (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidalis (giant rat’s tail grass)PresenteMonocot (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)Present, Few occurrencesNativeFoster (1958); Davidse et al. (2012); Jørgensen et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia apetala (Panama tree)PresentNativeNMNH (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa tenacissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine)PresentNativeGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia rosea (pink poui)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarindus indica (tamarind)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedJørgensen et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedDaniel (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina herbacea (cane tibouchina)Present, WidespreadNativeGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia rotundifolia (red sunflower)PresentIntroducedJørgensen et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2003); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTragus racemosus (stalker bur grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriplaris americana (ant tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTripsacum latifolium (wideleaf gamagrass)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentNativeJørgensen et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurbina corymbosa (Christmas vine)PresentNativeWood et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeFoster (1958)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2007); Missouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa humidicola (koronivia grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa platyphylla (broadleaf signalgrass)PresentClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVachellia macracantha (porknut)PresentILDIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena bonariensis (clusterflower vervain)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena brasiliensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex trifoliaPresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); Missouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear)PresentNativeGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZinnia peruviana (Peruvian zinnia)PresentNativeBolivia Catalogue (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaProtistaParamyxeaMarteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia exitiosaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia ostreaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus olseniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiPresentIntroducedDesquesnes (2004); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma vivaxPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusArterivirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusavian metapneumovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentHitchner and Clubb (1980)
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentFox et al. (1990)
Virusbluetongue virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1PresentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine leukemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus)Present, LocalizedBitancourt (1955); Gómez et al. (2005); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
Virusclassical swine fever virusPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2019)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusepizootic haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusHaliotid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfectious myonecrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfectious salmon anemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusMacrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusmyxoma virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
VirusNewcastle disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusNipah virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusrabies virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusred sea bream iridovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (sugarcane mosaic)PresentISSCT (1989); EPPO (2022)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusTomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (tomato spotted wilt)PresentUK, CAB International (1978); EPPO (2022)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusWest Nile virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusWhite spot syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
abalone viral ganglioneuritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Acanthocephalan infections of fishPresentAmin et al. (1996)
acute hepatopancreatic necrosis diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
anaplasmosisPresentNicholls et al. (1980); Behymer et al. (1991); OIE Handistatus (2005); CABI (Undated);
anthraxAbsentOIE (2019); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); OIE (1997); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian chlamydiosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avipoxPresentHitchner and Clubb (1980)
babesiosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009); Carrique Mas et al. (2000); Ribera Cuéllar et al. (2000); CABI (Undated)
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
blacklegPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetonguePresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bonamiosis (Bonamia exitiosa)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bonamiosis (Bonamia ostreae)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine babesiosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2000); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
caseous lymphadenitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
chicken anaemiaPresentBuscaglia et al. (1994)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
ChytridiomycosisPresentBarrionuevo and Ponssa (2008); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
classical swine feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious agalactiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious ophthalmiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
crayfish plagueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Denman island diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dourineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EchinococcusAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Echinococcus granulosusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Echinococcus multilocularisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic ulcerative syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine coital exanthemaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine infectious anaemiaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine piroplasmosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine viral arteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
European foul broodAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Schotman (1989)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsentOIE (2019); Kitching (1998); OIE (2003); OIE (2003); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
fowl choleraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowl typhoidAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Fusobacterium necrophorum infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
glandersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
hepatitis E virus infectionPresent, WidespreadDell'Amico et al. (2011)
ichthyophthiriosisPresentWurtsbaugh and Tapia (1988)
infection with Marteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infection with Perkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infection with Perkinsus olseniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Infection with salmonid alphavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious bursal diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious coryzaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (1996); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious myonecrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious salmon anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
koi herpesvirus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
leptospirosisAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
listeriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
malignant catarrhal feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Marek's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
myxomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
necrotizing hepatopancreatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Newcastle diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
pullorum diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Q feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rabiesPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Ranavirus infection in amphibiansAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
sheep and goat poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
small hive beetle infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
spring viraemia of carpAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Staphylococcus aureus infectionsPresent, WidespreadBrown et al. (1998)
surraPresentIntroducedDesquesnes (2004); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
swine dysenteryAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Taura syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
theileriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
TrichinellaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
trichomonosisAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
trypanosomosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
tuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
varroosis of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); OIE Handistatus (2005); CABI (Undated)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
white spot diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
white tail diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Xenohaliotis californiensis infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
yellow head diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file