Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Burundi

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Datasheet

Burundi

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Burundi
  • General data
  • Region: Central Africa
  • Area (km2): 280,000
  • Climates: Tropical
  • Capital: Bujumbura
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 8,495,915
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$110
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$923,089,984
  • GDP: US$973,659,520

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening) Present EPPO, 2019; Aubert et al., 1988.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter africanus (African greening) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops) Present CABI and EPPO, 1999.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight) Present Autrique and Perreaux, 1989.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Present EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas campestris pv. musacearum (banana xanthomonas wilt (BXW)) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2013; CRS/USAID/IITA, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola (bacterial leaf streak of rice) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2015; Afolabi et al., 2014a.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew) Present Native UK CAB International, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Present IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot) Present Introduced Bandyopadhyay et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka) Present Introduced YesMourichon and Fullerton, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Present EPPO, 2014; Seif and Hillocks, 1993; Kuate, 1998.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Present Tanner and Van Ginkel, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma variegatum (tropical bont tick) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesSeco et al., 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Present CIE, 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) Present Introduced Liu et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid) Present Introduced YesPerez Hidalgo et al., 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Restricted distribution Native NoEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present CIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid) Present Introduced YesCiesla, 1991; Watson et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread YesWHO, 2009a.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug) Present CIE, 1972; Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGreenidea ficicola Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Present IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid) Present FAO, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer) Present Buyckx, 1962; ISABU, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Present Introduced NoSeco et al., 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite) Widespread Leuschner, 1978; Ndayiragije and, 1984; Markham et al., 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present Remaudiere and Autrique, 1985; Millar, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNomadacris septemfasciata (red locust) Present, few occurrences Bredo, 1936.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present IIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug) Absent, unreliable record Introduced YesNeuenschwander and Herren, 1988; Herren and Neuenschwander, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Present Parker and Hunt, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus kenyae (coffee mealybug) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present CIE, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer) Restricted distribution Introduced Hodges, 1994; IIE, 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm) Widespread UK CAB International, 1972; Haggis, 1984; Rose et al., 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Present Introduced YesFAO, 2017a; EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm) Present CIE, 1967; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Present Seco et al., 1992; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer) Present Introduced YesUK CAB International, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulus Present Introduced NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose) Present Native BirdLife International, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstatoreochromis alluaudi (Alluaud's haplo) Present Native Anonymous, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinus Present Native YesTeugels, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Present Introduced NoWelcomme, 1988; Costa et al., 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; FAO, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProtopterus aethiopicus aethiopicus (marbled lungfish) Present Native Anonymous, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataQuelea quelea (weaver bird) Present, few occurrences Native YesCraig, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis) Present Native Hoyo et al., 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus niloticus (Nile monitor) Present Native NoBayless, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalis Present Native NoDaget, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus goodeyi (banana lesion nematode) Present Bridge, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Present Bridge, 1988a; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Reported present or known to be present
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern) Restricted distribution Native Dyer et al., 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern) Widespread Native NoGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Restricted distribution Native Hemp, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow) Present Native Achigan-Dako, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia hockii Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017; ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle) Present Introduced CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcrocarpus fraxinifolius (shingle tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia chinensis (Chinese albizia) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda) Present Introduced Pauwels, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Present Introduced PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Present PROTA, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth) Present Introduced NoGrubben, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Introduced PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) Present Introduced CJB, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart) Present Introduced Randall, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine) Present Introduced Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass) Present Native GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBalanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood) Present Native Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia) Present Introduced Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine) Present Introduced Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCascabela thevetia (yellow oleander) Present Introduced Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine) Present GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present Native GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinchona pubescens (quinine tree) Present Introduced NoStarr et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea) Present Native ILDIS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass) Widespread Native Ndabaneze, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Present Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Introduced Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDieffenbachia seguine (dumb cane) Present Introduced Flora of Central Africa, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria velutina (velvet fingergrass) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2013; FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato) Present Native Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalis Present Gwannon, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Present Introduced YesMoorhouse et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm) Present FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Native Phillips, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina poeppigiana (coral tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEtlingera elatior (torch ginger) Present Introduced Pauwels, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013; PROTA, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge) Present Native Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia umbellata (African milk bush) Present Native Govaerts, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia ) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush) Present Introduced PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Present Native Govaerts, 2016; Pieterse, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut) Present Introduced YesGBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory) Present Introduced Lejoly and Lisowski, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine) Present Native Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Present Introduced NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Native Kirschner, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe integra (Never die) Present Introduced JSTOR Global Plants, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKyllinga polyphylla (navua sedge) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle) Present Introduced Pauwels, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick) Present Flora of Central Africa, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Native GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifolia Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017; ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah) Present Zipcode Zoo, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaesopsis eminii (umbrella tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango) Present Introduced PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla) Present Introduced PROTA, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop) Present Native GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (creeping sensitive plant) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017; ILDIS, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017; Leavold et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed) Present Introduced NoHolm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf) Present Native Vollesen, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru) Present Terry and Michieka, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea lotus (white Egyptian lotus) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid) Present Native Garay and Taylor, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium) Present Native Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012; Ndabaneze, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass) Present Native Clayton and Renvoize, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed) Present Introduced Pauwels, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry) Present Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine) Present Introduced NoPROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017; USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind) Present Introduced AFFA, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present von Poellnitz, 1934.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamphicarpa fistulosa Present Hansen, 1975; Mielcarek, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Introduced YesGovaerts, 2014; Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Present Native GBIF, 2008; Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna didymobotrya (African senna) Present Introduced Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna hirsuta (hairy senna) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017; ILDIS, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017; ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban) Present Native Akyeampong and Dzowela, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade) Present Introduced Pauwels, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass) Present Native NoeMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidalis (giant rat’s tail grass) Present NoeMonocot, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus tenuissimus (tropical dropseed) Present Introduced Naturalis, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed) Present Native Mohamed et al., 2001; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed) Present M'Boob, 1994; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga hermonthica (witchweed) Present M'Boob, 1994; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan) Present Native PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia) Widespread Introduced YesBamps and Farron, 1967.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachypogon spicatus (spiked crinkleawn) Present Native Clayton et al., 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Present USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibba Present Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur) Present Introduced Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria parva Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican cassava mosaic virus (African cassava mosaic) Present Native YesBigirimana et al., 2004; EPPO, 2014.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana) Present YesThomas et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
Virusbluetongue virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCassava brown streak viruses (cassava brown streak disease) Present Bigirimana et al., 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
VirusCassava mosaic disease (African cassava mosaic) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 1998.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusEast African cassava mosaic virus Widespread Native YesBigirimana et al., 2004.
Virusequine arteritis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusMaize streak virus (streak disease of maize) Present Pinner et al., 1988; CABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
Virusmyxoma virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRice yellow mottle virus Present Ndikumana et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
actinomycosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
African horse sickness Disease not reported OIE, 2012.
African swine fever Present OIE, 2012.
anaplasmosis Reported present or known to be present OIE, 2012.
anthrax Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
atrophic rhinitis of swine No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aujeszky's disease No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian chlamydiosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian encephalomyelitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2012.
avian leukosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian tuberculosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avipox Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
babesiosis Reported present or known to be present OIE, 2012.
blackleg No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Borrelia anserina infections No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
botulism No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine anaplasmosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine ephemeral fever Present FAO, et al., 1970.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine herpesvirus 2 infection Present Scott, 1989.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine tuberculosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine venereal trichomonosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Present OIE, 2012.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Reported present or known to be present OIE, 2012.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
caseous lymphadenitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
classical swine fever Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious agalactia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease not reported Masiga et al., 1998; Kané, 2000; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious ecthyma Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious ophthalmia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Denman island disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dourine Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck viral enteritis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Echinococcus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
enzootic abortion of ewes No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
enzootic bovine leukosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic lymphangitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine coital exanthema Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine infectious anaemia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine influenza Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine piroplasmosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine rhinopneumonitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine viral arteritis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Reported present or known to be present Kitching, 1998; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
fowl cholera No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
fowl typhoid Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
fowlpox Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
glanders Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Reported present or known to be present OIE, 2012; Rwanda-Urundi, 1957; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
horse pox Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious bursal disease No information available OIE, 2012.
infectious coryza No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious laryngotracheitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
leishmaniosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
leptospirosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
listeriosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
malignant catarrhal fever Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Marek's disease No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
myxomatosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Newcastle disease Present OIE, 2012.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
paratuberculosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
peste des petits ruminants Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
pullorum disease No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
pulmonary adenomatosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Disease not reported OIE, 2012.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabies Present OIE, 2012.
Rift Valley fever Disease not reported OIE, 2012.
rinderpest Last reported OIE, 2012.
scrapie Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
sheep and goat pox Disease not reported OIE, 2012.
spring viraemia of carp Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
strangles Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
surra Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine dysentery Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine vesicular disease No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infections Present Kiltz et al., 1986.
Theileria parva infections Widespread Tama, 1989; Norval et al., 1992.
theileriosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
toxoplasmosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Trichinella No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trypanosomosis Present OIE, 2012.
tuberculosis Present OIE, 2012.
tularaemia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
vesicular stomatitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
visna/maedi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
white spot disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
yellow head disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file