Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Bulgaria

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Datasheet

Bulgaria

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Present, LocalizedBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE (2009)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma)Present, LocalizedSakalieva et al. (2007); Bobev et al. (2013); Genov et al. (2014); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma trifolii (clover proliferation phytoplasma)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation)Present, LocalizedNémeth (1986); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2010)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)Present, Transient under eradicationTopchiiska and Sakalieva (2001); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive)PresentUK, CAB International (1983); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)Absent, Formerly presentCABI and EPPO (1999)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella AbortusequiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, WidespreadBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylophilus ampelinus (canker of grapevine)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020); Bradbury (1986)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose)PresentDaskalova (1980)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentDobrev and Tufa (1995); CABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2015)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiplodia seriata (grapevine trunk disease)PresentBobev et al. (2008)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe plataniPresentCABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGlomerella acutataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1989); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaKabatiella zeae (eyespot)PresentPopov and Popova (1979); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2000)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBrasier and Kirk (2001); Stoyanov (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentBraun (1995)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumPresent, LocalizedNativePorta et al. (1998)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)Present, LocalizedNativeUK, CAB International (1980); Rosnev and Petkov (1986); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion parviporumPresent, LocalizedNativePorta et al. (1998)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)PresentSpehar et al. (1976)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); Denchev (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm)PresentMurina (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)PresentIntroducedSurugiu (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentInvasiveGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)Present, LocalizedTSALEV (1967); GERDZHIKOV (1968); Atanasov (1995); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid)PresentNativeEichhorn (1969); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)Present, WidespreadDochkova (1971); Nikolova (1971); Dimitrov (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAlocentron curvirostrePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968); Yovkova et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentAndreev et al. (2007); Rasheva and Andreev (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraephagaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAppendiseta robiniaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAproceros leucopoda (elm zigzag sawfly)Present, WidespreadIntroducedDoychev (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidapion validumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale)PresentTrencheva et al. (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBellardia trixago (bellardia)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedHristova and Apostolova (1982)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeEstoup et al. (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite)PresentJeppson et al. (1975); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)Present, WidespreadNativeDirimanov (1962); UK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaloptilia roscipennella (walnut leaf miner)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePelov et al. (1993); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus neposPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus tersusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercopagis pengoi (fishhook waterflea)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveGuher (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil)PresentColonnelli (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)Present, LocalizedLoginova (1992); Karsholt and Razowski (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysolina coerulansPresentFauna Europaea (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara brauniPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveScheurer (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara juniperiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentDirimanov and Dimitrov (1975); Natskova (1977); Angelova and Tzolova (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaColeophora deauratella (red clover casebearer)PresentFauna Europaea (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaContarinia paniciPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaContarinia quinquenotata (Hemerocallis gall midge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)PresentĬosifov (1990); CABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptococcus fagisuga (beech coccus)PresentKosztarab and Kozár (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBeshkov et al. (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle)Present, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveKiss et al. (2005); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus osborniPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Present, LocalizedKosztarab and Kozár (1988); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDikerogammarus villosus (killer shrimp)PresentNativeGrabowski and Pešic (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)PresentGruber et al. (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDociostaurus tartarusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid)PresentPencheva et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEchinothrips americanusPresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElophila nymphaeataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEphestia kuehniella (Mediterranean flour moth)PresentMarkova (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpichoristodes acerbella (South African carnation tortrix)PresentGlavendekić (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErschoviella musculana (Asian walnut moth)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuxesta pechumaniPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFaxonius limosus (Spiny-cheek crayfish)PresentIntroducedTrichkova T et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentUK, CAB International (1957)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGymnaspis aechmeaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer)Present, WidespreadNativeGeorgiev (1992); Razowski (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGyropus ovalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentBatalova (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemimysis anomalaPresent, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveAudzijonyte et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHolocnemus plucheiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil)PresentCankov (1968); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypoponera punctatissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdiopterus nephrelepidisPresentPencheva et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaJapananus hyalinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius neglectus (invasive garden ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius turcicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1962); Nedyalkov (1984); Bozhkov (1985); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug)PresentCABI and EPPO (2018); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLernaea cyprinaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth)PresentNativeInvasiveIvanov (1976); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeFauna Europaea (2006); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnomysis benedeniPresent, WidespreadNativeBacescu (1949); Russev and Kaneva-Abadjieva (1973); Wittmann (2007); Audzijonyte et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerinaPresentAustralian Government (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)Absent, EradicatedCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListrophorus americanusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListrophorus dozieriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListrophorus fainiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListrophorus validusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (European grapevine moth)Present, WidespreadKharizanov (1974); Stoeva (1979); Stoeva (1982); Zapryanov and Stoeva (1982); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)PresentNativeInvasiveEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacropsis cyanescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)PresentPopov (1972); CABI and EPPO (2001); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonarthropalpus flavus (boxwood leafminer)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn)PresentNativeInvasiveAlthoff and Danilevsky (1997); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyocoptes ondatraePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentIntroducedKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentVasev (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)Present, WidespreadNativeDaskalova (1970); Tsankov et al. (1980)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOmonadus floralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpilio parietinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstearius melanopygiusPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)PresentIgnatov and Kirkov (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp)Present, LocalizedIntroducedSt. Raykov et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPallenis spinosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)Present, WidespreadKeremidciev (1966); Georgiev (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentTschorbadjiew (1939); UK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPaysandisia archon (South American palm borer)PresentIntroducedEuropean Commission (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyKarsholt and Razowski (1996); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhilonthus spinipesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocoptes azaleaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter issikii (lime leafminer)PresentCABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)Present, WidespreadHiggins (1983); Mateeva et al. (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)Present, WidespreadNativeAngelov (1979); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveRuskov (1928); Tschorbedjiev (1929); Buresh and Lazarov (1956); Tsankov (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentTsalev (1970); CABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPonera coarctataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPontogammarus robustoidesPresentNativeCarausu et al. (1955)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentKosztarab and Kozár (1988); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug)PresentIntroducedKozar et al. (1979); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPterostichus caspiusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRamburiella turcomanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil)PresentNativeAlonso-Zarazaga and Talamelli (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisii (Harris mud crab)PresentIntroducedMarchand and Saudray (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhopalapion longirostrePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)Present, Transient under eradicationEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentBen-Dov (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda carcharias (large poplar borer)PresentHeyrowsky (1931)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda populnea (small poplar borer)PresentGeorgiev (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSceliphron curvatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSedina buettneri (Blair's wainscot)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1968); Cayrol (1972); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentKozár and Bink-Moenen (1988); CABI/EPPO (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentTsvetkov (1980)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStictocephala altaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTachycines asynamorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeDanilevsky (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeDanilevsky (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary)PresentUK, CAB International (1977); Mirchev et al. (2011); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea processionea (oak processionary moth)PresentMirchev et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTheresimima ampellophaga (European grapeleaf skeletonizer)PresentToshova et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentLoginova (1990); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuponia elegansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)Present, LocalizedHarizanova et al. (2009); CABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Velitchkov and Natchev (1973)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)Present, WidespreadNativeArcher (1998); Cetkovic (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)Present, LocalizedNativeIoakimov (1925); Tsankov and Ganchev (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZaprionus tuberculatusPresent, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (wood leopard moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak)PresentNativeWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentIntroducedMikhov (2000); Uzunova and Zlatanova (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedJennings (1988); Welcomme (1988); FishBase (2004); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Froese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedBirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationCockrill (1977); Borghese (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius gibelio (Prussian carp)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClupeonella cultriventris (Black Sea kilka)PresentNativeWhitehead (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCoregonus albula (vendace)PresentIntroducedMikhov (2000); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentNativeShireman and Smith (1983); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)Present, WidespreadNativeAlikhuni (1966); FAO (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe)PresentNativeMuus and Dahlström (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); FishBase (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); Uzunova and Zlatanova (2007); Olenin et al. (2008); Hadjinikolova et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)PresentIntroducedCopp and Fox (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)Present, WidespreadNativeMitchell-Jones et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucaspius delineatus (sunbleak)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius fluviatilis (monkey goby)Present, LocalizedNativePinchuk et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius melanostomus (round goby)Present, WidespreadNativePinchuk et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNyctereutes procyonoides (raccoon dog)Present, WidespreadIntroducedLever (1985); Mitchell-Jones et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat)PresentIntroducedPeshev (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon)Present, WidespreadIntroducedMarkov and Penev (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerccottus glenii (Amur sleeper)Present, LocalizedIntroducedJurajda et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)PresentIntroducedBirdLife International (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001); Froese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWelcomme (1988); Louette et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)PresentNativeKottelat and Freyhof (2007); Blanc et al. (1971); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); Elvira (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentIntroducedBlanc et al. (1971); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Blanc et al. (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish)PresentNativeFroese R and Pauly D (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentNativeFishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeGolemanski et al. (2011); Bruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent)PresentKostova and Chikova (2011); Margaritov (1960)
EukaryotaMetazoaCtenophoraMnemiopsis leidyi (sea walnut)PresentKonsulov and Kamburska (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAeluropus littoralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAethusa cynapiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion vulgaris (Spanish slug)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveKerney et al. (1979); Wiktor (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)Present, LocalizedIntroducedIrikov and Eröss (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFauna Europea (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)PresentGeorgiev et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTrichkova et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)Present, WidespreadNativeJurinic (1906); Irikov and Eröss (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)PresentNativeHickman (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveKaneva-Abadjieva (1958)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTeredo navalis (naval shipworm)PresentRoch (1940)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguina tritici (wheat seed gall nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2002); Mohamedova and Piperkova (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)Present, LocalizedStoyanov (1979); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)PresentStoyanov (1975); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2013); Katalan-Gateva and Konstantinova-Milkova (1975); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Present, LocalizedStoyanov (1975); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDracunculus vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCABI/EPPO (2011); Trifonova (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera tabacum (tobacco cyst nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm)PresentStoyanov (1977); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentStoyanov (1980); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne fallax (false Columbia root-knot nematode)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentStoyanov (1980); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, LocalizedStoyanov (1980); Shepherd and Barker (1990); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)Present, WidespreadKatalan-Gateva and Budurova (1979); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)Present, LocalizedBrown and Taylor (1987); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentStoyanov (1974); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema vuitteneziPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentIntroducedPetkov (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusPresentOIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentIntroducedSourek (1958); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla mexicanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum palustrePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum ramosissimumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin and et al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKonstantinov and Nikolova (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcalypha virginicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)Present, PlantedIntroducedTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)Present, PlantedNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea crithmifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea pannonicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea setaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAconitum variegatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaPresent, WidespreadNativeSlageren (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGreuter (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentNativeTutin (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis castellanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga chamaepitysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga reptans (carpet bugle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla xanthochloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium atropurpureumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium cyrilliPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium nigrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium oleraceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium paniculatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium ursinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)Present, PlantedNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentNativeFlora Europaea (2008); Gospodinov (1984)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus rendleiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlthaea hirsutaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum alyssoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum argenteumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum hirsutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum simplexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum tortuosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentAellen and Akeroyd (1993);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus crispusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentAellen and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentPetrova (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier spicata (dwarf serviceberry)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase (2011); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (false indigo-bush)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med PlantBase (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnchusa leptophyllaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnchusa stylosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnchusa thessalaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnchusa undulataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnemone halleriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnemone sylvestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentNativeHand (2011); DAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis altissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis austriacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis ruthenicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis tinctoriaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis triumfettiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthriscus caucalis (bur chervil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArabis procurrensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium oxycedri (juniper dwarf mistletoe)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctium tomentosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia albaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia ponticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsarum europaeumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias syriaca (common milkweed)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsperugo procumbensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsperula arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus albusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster squamatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus glycyphylloidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus hamosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus onobrychisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex hortensis (garden orache)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex micranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex oblongifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex sagittataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex tataricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAubrieta deltoideaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAurinia saxatilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)Present, LocalizedInvasiveGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena claudaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena erianthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)PresentNativeDelipavlov (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota nigraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia lanifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia prostrataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBeckmannia eruciformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerteroa incana (hoary alyssum)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBifora radiansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBifora testiculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBiserrula pelecinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBombycilaena erectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeGBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentNative and IntroducedKell (2011); Euro+Med (2018); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus arvensis (field brome)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus inermis (Awnless brome)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus lanceolatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus scopariusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus squarrosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryonia alba (white bryony)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryonia creticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBufonia paniculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias erucagoPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage)PresentIntroducedTutin (1993); Fitter and Peat (1994); Ancev (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum longifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum rotundifolium (hare's ear)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamintha grandifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamintha nepetaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalepina irregularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina alyssumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina microcarpa (smallseed falseflax)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina rumelicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina sativaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula patulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculoides (creeping bellflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rotundifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentFAO (2009);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentNativePetrov (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella rubellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex acutiformis (Swamp sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex ovalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex pendula (hanging sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarthamus dentatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatapodium rigidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea depressaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed)PresentNativeInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea iberica (Iberian starthistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)PresentNativeInvasiveOchsmann (2001); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea virgata (squarrose knapweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurium maritimumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentranthus longiflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria syriacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria transylvanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium brachypetalumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium dubiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocarpus arenariusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum submersumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerinthe minorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum hirsutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaiturus marrubiastrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus albus (White Spanish Broom)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus hirsutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus ratisbonensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce nutansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium acuminatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium bonus-henricusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium botrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium chenopodioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium foliosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucum (Oak-leaved goosefoot)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium opulifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium urbicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium vulvariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChorispora tenella (blue mustard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrozophora tinctoriaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum corymbosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum macrophyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCichorium endivia (endives)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis flammulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis integrifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis rectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1964); Petkova (1984)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis viticellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClinopodium vulgarePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClypeola jonthlaspiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConringia orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConringia planisiliquaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida regalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Present, WidespreadStace (1972); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus betonicifoliusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus persicusPresentIntroducedCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCronquist (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorispermum marschalliiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronilla scorpioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronopus squamatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorrigiola litoralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorynephorus divaricatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster nigerPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis capillaris (smooth hawksbeard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis zacinthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocus biflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocus tommasinianusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCruciata glabraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis alopecuroidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCucubalus bacciferPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedValentine (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentNativeValentine (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentNativeValentine (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta planifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta scandensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyclachaena xanthiifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbalaria muralis (Kenilworth ivy)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeWilliams and Hunyadi (1987); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentEPPO (2020); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus fuscusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus hamulosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus longusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus michelianusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)Presentde Filippes (1980); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)PresentNativeHeywood and Ball (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Tashev et al. (2013); Roskov et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDasypyrum villosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentMoore (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus broteriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus guttatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus armeria (Deptford pink)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis ferrugineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis lanata (Grecian foxglove)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis tenuifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis vimineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus laciniatus (cutleaf teasel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDittrichia graveolens (stinkwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDorycnium pentaphyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEcballium elateriumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Stoimenova and Mikova (1992); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinocystis lobata (wild cucumber)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasivePetrova et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops exaltatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops sphaerocephalusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium italicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)Present, WidespreadNativeGibbs (1972); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRipka (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus multiflora (cherry silverberry)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine tristachyaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)PresentIntroducedDandy (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus elongatus (tall wheatgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus hispidus (intermediate wheatgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Present, LocalizedKonstantinov and Nikolova (1983); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEranthis hyemalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriolobus trilobatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium ciconiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium hoefftianumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErophila vernaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum cuspidatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum diffusumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum repandumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuclidium syriacumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus japonicus (Japanese spindle tree)PresentIntroducedFlora Europaea (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia agrariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia chamaesycePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia davidiiPresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia falcataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia maculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia myrsinitesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplus (petty spurge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia platyphyllosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia seguierianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia serrulataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphrasia strictaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcaria vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia baldschuanica (Russian vine)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Stoimenova et al. (1995); DAISIE (2015); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia dumetorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)PresentIntroducedJalas and Suominen (1979); Beerling et al. (1994); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedSukopp and Starfinger (1995); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentNativeGrassWorld (2016); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFibigia clypeataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilago arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilago minimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis bisumbellataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); DAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria viridisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria densifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria kralikiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria petteriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria schleicheriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria schrammiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria vaillantiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea minimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalanthus elwesiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis ladanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis speciosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis tetrahitPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentKonstantinov and Nikolova (1983); Toskov and Dimitrova (2002); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium tricornutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGastridium ventricosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaudinia fragilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista sagittalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGentiana acaulisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGentiana luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium columbinum (longstalk cranesbill)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium dissectum (cutleaf geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium divaricatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium macrorrhizumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium molle (dovefoot geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium phaeumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pratensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium purpureumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pyrenaicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium rotundifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeum coccineumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGladiolus italicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlaucium flavumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlinus lotoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria fluitansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGoniolimon tataricumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGratiola officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila muralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); Missouri Botanical Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila perfoliataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHainardia cylindricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedypnois creticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pubescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium dolosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium suaveolensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium supinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum sosnowskyi (Sosnowskyi's hogweed)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria glabraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHesperis matronalis (damesrocket)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentStoimenova et al. (1995); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolosteum umbellatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum secalinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyacinthella leucophaeaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranaePresentNativeUSA, USDA-GRIN (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus albusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum androsaemumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum calycinum (Aaron's beard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)PresentIntroducedISSG (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula germanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIva xanthiifolia (marsh-elder)Present, LocalizedIntroducedMilanova (1999); Milanova and Valkova (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeKirschner (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKickxia commutataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKickxia elatinePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKickxia spuriaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKnautia arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria macranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca salignaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca tataricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagoecia cuminoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagurus ovatus (hare's tail)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium galeobdolon (yellow archangel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium hybridumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLappula barbataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLappula marginataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus annuusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus aphacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus grandiflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus hirsutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus inconspicuusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nigerPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nissoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus palustrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus pannonicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus setifoliusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus sphaericusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus vernusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLegousia pentagoniaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLegousia speculum-venerisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLens ervoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLens nigricansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeontice leontopetalumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeontopodium alpinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveRadev and Stefanov (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium graminifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); DAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium ruderalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium spinosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedStoyanov and Vladimirov (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus racemosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigularia sibiricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLilium martagonPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimonium platyphyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimosella aquaticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria chalepensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria genistifolia (broomleaf toadflax)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia dubiaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum perennePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum trigynumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLithospermum officinalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeFitter et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus angustissimusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus cytisoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus maritimusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus angustifolius (narrow-leaf lupin)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLychnis coronaria (rose campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysimachia atropurpureaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum borysthenicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum portulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum thymifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum virgatum (European wand loosestrife)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum volgensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalcolmia africana (Malcolm stock)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva alceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva neglecta (common mallow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva verticillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvella sherardianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatricaria perforata (false chamomile)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago coronataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago monspeliacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago orbicularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago orthocerasPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago praecoxPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago rigidulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago turbinataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentDAISIE (2017); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus guttatus (Monkeyflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMisopates orontiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoenchia erectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMontia fontanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMontia sibiricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass)PresentNativeKumar (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuscari neglectum (starch grape hyacinth)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyagrum perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis ramosissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis strictaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosoton aquaticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeslia paniculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru)PresentMoore (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNigella arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera parvifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera strictaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnobrychis aequidentataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnobrychis caput-galliPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum bracteatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum illyricum (Illyrian thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia humifusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia macrorhizaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrlaya daucorlayaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrlaya grandifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithogalum narbonensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithopus compressusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape)PresentChater and Webb (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape)PresentChater and Webb (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cumana (sunflower broomrape)PresentIntroducedPineda-Martos et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentNativeChater and Webb (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)PresentNativeChater and Webb (1972); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOtanthus maritimusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentQ-bank (2013); Valentine (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxytropis pilosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver dubiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver hybridumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver pinnatifidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParietaria judaicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParietaria lusitanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGRIIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentEPPO (2020); UK, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeriploca graecaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia dubia (hairypink)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia proliferaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia saxifragaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentTutin (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum hirsutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeKew (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhlomoides tuberosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1991); Yurukova and Kochev (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedPopova et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPicris hieracioides (hawkweed oxtongue)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPicris paucifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPicris sprengeranaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed)PresentNativeSell and West (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed)Present, LocalizedNativeSell and West (1976); Gottschlich (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)PresentNativeSell and West (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago arenariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago bellardiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago patagonicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentEdmondson (1980); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa jubataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeISSG (2015); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentNativeEuro+Med Plantbase (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum subsp. diphyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenariumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)Present, WidespreadDechkov (1989); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum cognatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019); TUTIN and ET AL. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedKoleshev and Zhelev (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeEUNIS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton trichoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrimula elatiorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)Present, PlantedIntroducedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia distans (weeping alkali grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPulicaria dysentericaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPulicaria vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPyracantha coccinea (scarlet firethorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus bulbosus (bulbous buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus ficaria (fig buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus flammulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus lateriflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus muricatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus sardousPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentHolm et al. (1991); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRapistrum perennePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda inodoraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda luteolaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhagadiolus stellatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhododendron ponticum (rhododendron)Present, WidespreadNativeBean (1976); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRochelia dispermaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoemeria hybridaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRorippa austriaca (Austrian fieldcress)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2014); Royal Botanic Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRostraria cristataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex confertusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex conglomeratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentRechinger and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex cristatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentNativeInvasiveRechinger and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex patientiaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex pseudoalpinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex scutatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex stenophyllus (narrowleaf dock)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex thyrsiflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina procumbensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix eleagnosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia aethiopis (Mediterranean sage)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia glutinosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia pinnataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia sclareaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia verticillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia viridisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScandix australisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScandix pecten-venerisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenoplectiella supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenoplectus litoralis subsp. thermalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenoplectus mucronatus (ricefield bulrush)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenus ferrugineusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScilla bifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScorpiurus muricatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia caninaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia scopoliiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecale sylvestrePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera securidacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)Present, WidespreadNativeHayek (1931); Stoianov and Stephanov (1948); Chater and Walters (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio sylvaticus (woodland groundsel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio viscosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresent, WidespreadNativeChater and Walters (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSeseli libanotisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSeseli tortuosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentClayton (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSherardia arvensis (field madder)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber)PresentIntroducedTzonev (2005); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSideritis montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene conicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene creticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dichotomaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dioicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene subconicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene vulgaris (bladder campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSinapis arvensis (wild mustard)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentIntroducedDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium polyceratiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisyrinchium montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSmyrnium perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum heterodoxumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum luteumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade)PresentIntroducedEPPO (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentKolev (1963); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus wightianus (perennial sowthistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentRatter and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula morisonii (Morison's spurry)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia rubraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpiraea chamaedryfolia (germander meadowsweet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017); Roskov et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus indicus (rat tail grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys creticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys rectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria cupanianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria gramineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentChater and Heywood (1972); Holm et al. (1977); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novi-belgii (New York aster)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedStojanov and Stefanov (1967)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye)PresentNativeFrederiksen (1986); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedKuleff and Djingova (1984); Djingova and Kuleff (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium chamaedrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium poliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum aquilegiifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum lucidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum simplexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi alliaceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentNativeClapham (1972); Holm et al. (1997); USDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi kovatsiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymelaea gussoneiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymus pulegioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTordylium apulumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTorilis arvensis (spreading hedgeparsley)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTorilis japonica (Japanese hedgeparsley)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTorilis leptophyllaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTorilis ucranicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachomitum venetumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTragus racemosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentTutin (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium aureum (hop clover)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium diffusumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium echinatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium glomeratumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium hirtum (rose clover)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium lappaceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium ligusticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium mediumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium micranthumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium nigrescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium pallidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium pannonicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium patensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium phleoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium purpureumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium retusumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium scabrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium spadiceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium striatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium strictumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium suffocatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrigonella balansaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrigonella caeruleaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTripleurospermum disciformePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTripleurospermum tenuifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriticum monococcumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurgenia latifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentYurukova and Kochev (1993); Chambers et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeCook (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); DAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica piluliferaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaValerianella coronataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaValerianella dentataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaValerianella rimosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVelezia rigidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass)PresentBioCASE (2015); IUCN (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica acinifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica beccabunga (European speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica catenataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica chamaedrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica cymbalariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica filiformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica fruticansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica fruticulosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica politaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica prostrataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica triphyllosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica vernaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia bithynicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia dumetorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia hybridaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia melanopsPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia onobrychioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia peregrinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia pisiformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia serratifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia tenuifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentNativeILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaViola suavisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia unilateralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXeranthemum annuumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXeranthemum cylindraceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZygophyllum fabago (Syrian caper-bean)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeShurulinkov and Golemansky (2003); Hellgren et al. (2007); Zehtindjiev et al. (2008)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005); Desquesnes et al. (2013); Aregawi et al. (2019)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusArterivirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbovine leukemia virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusclassical swine fever virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusPresentMonev (1994); CABI Data Mining (2001)
VirusCucumber green mottle mosaic virusPresentNeshev (2008); CABI and EPPO (2015)
VirusCucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus (Cucurbit aphid-borne yellows)PresentXanthis et al. (2015)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusEggplant mottled dwarf virus (tomato vein yellowing virus)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2008)
VirusElm mottle virusPresentIntroducedCABI and EPPO (2004); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentMarkov (1964); Blazhev and Shentov (1976); Kong and Steinbiss (1998); CABI and EPPO (2003)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusNewcastle disease virusPresentNativeOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusPepino mosaic virusPresent, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentCABI and EPPO (2009)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Present, WidespreadIntroducedRoy and Smith (1994); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Absent, Formerly presentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
Virusrabies virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
American foul broodPresentOIE (2009)
anthraxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); OIE (1997)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian adenoviruses infectionsPresent, WidespreadKharalampiev et al. (1984)
avian chlamydiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
babesiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Trifonov and Rusev (1989)
blacklegPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetongueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); OIE (1999)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Borrelia anserina infectionsPresentPopova (2008); Knowles et al. (1932); OIE Handistatus (2005)
botulismAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine adenoviruses infectionsPresent, WidespreadHaralambiev and Azev (1969)
bovine anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE (2009)
bovine herpesvirus 2 infectionPresentMartin et al. (1987)
bovine parainfluenza 3 infectionPresent, LocalizedKosarov et al. (1998)
bovine parvovirus infectionPresentBostandjieva et al. (1997)
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infectionPresentKharalambiev et al. (1984)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bovine tuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)PresentOIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)PresentOIE (2009); Milanov et al. (1986)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
caseous lymphadenitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentVodas and Elitsina (1986)
classical swine feverPresentOIE (2009)
Clostridium septicum bacteraemiaPresentKokosharov (1992)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverPresentMonev (1994)
Denman island diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dermatophilosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Derzsy's diseasePresentAlexandrov et al. (1995)
dourineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
duck virus hepatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EchinococcusPresentOIE (2009)
Echinococcus granulosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentOIE (2009); OIE (1999)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine coital exanthemaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine viral arteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Escherichia coli infectionsPresentSimeonov et al. (1981)
European foul broodAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowl choleraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowl typhoidAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
glandersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious bursal diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); OIE Handistatus (1998)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
leishmaniosisPresentHarizanov et al. (2013); OIE (2009)
leptospirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
listeriosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
lyme borreliosisPresent, WidespreadAngelov et al. (1990)
Marek's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); OIE (2000)
myxomatosisPresentDinev (2012)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE (2009); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
paratuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Kujumgiev (1964)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeShurulinkov and Golemansky (2003); Hellgren et al. (2007); Zehtindjiev et al. (2008)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine parvovirus infectionPresentPeev et al. (1990)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
pullorum diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)ENCHEV et al. (1958); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
rabiesPresentOIE (2009); Valtchovski (1995)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultryPresent, LocalizedIgnatov et al. (1987); Dimitrova et al. (1988); Khalacheva et al. (1988)
scrapiePresentOIE (2009)
sheep and goat poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); OIE (1996)
small hive beetle infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Staphylococcus aureus infectionsPresent, WidespreadTyagunenko et al. (1999)
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in poultryPresentMinev and Mineva (1971); Ilieva et al. (1987)
surraAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009); Desquesnes et al. (2013); Aregawi et al. (2019)
swine influenzaPresentMilve et al. (1981)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Theileria annulata infectionsPresentPavlov (1949); Pavlov (1957)
theileriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); CABI (Undated)
TrichinellaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
trypanosomosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
tuberculosisPresentCABI (Undated)
tularaemiaPresentOIE (2009); Padeshki et al. (2010)
varroosis of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Velitchkov and Natchev (1973)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaPresentOIE (2009)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
whirling diseasePresentKostova and Chikova (2011); Margaritov (1960)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Almonds, with shell Area Harvested 1136 1171 500 1900 1921
Almonds, with shell Production Quantity 673 368 50 100 245
Almonds, with shell Yield 5924.3 Fc 3142.61 Fc 1000 Fc 526.32 Fc 1275.38 Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Area Harvested 45997 Im 48842 Im 46000 F 34217 Im 22000 F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Production Quantity 34055 Im 35000 F 32000 F 29000 F 22000 F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Yield 7403.74 Fc 7165.96 Fc 6956.52 Fc 8475.32 Fc 10000 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 5531 5239 5190 5400 5443
Apples Production Quantity 40413 43235 35456 23500 26165
Apples Yield 73066.4 Fc 82525.3 Fc 68316 Fc 43518.5 Fc 48070.9 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 6686 7178 7200 7000 7092
Apricots Production Quantity 11931 11587 7568 12957 8310
Apricots Yield 17844.8 Fc 16142.4 Fc 10511.1 Fc 18510 Fc 11717.4 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 1818 Im 2000 F 1957 Im 1870 Im 2200 F
Asparagus Production Quantity 5868 Im 6500 F 4221 Im 6254 Im 5658 Im
Asparagus Yield 32277.2 Fc 32500 Fc 21568.7 Fc 33443.8 Fc 25718.2 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 178993 245400 258449 222659 186850
Barley Production Quantity 707022 833300 858679 878001 419762
Barley Seed 35000 Fc 35000 Fc 43925 Fc 46320.6 Fc 39025.7 Fc
Barley Yield 39500 Fc 33956.8 Fc 33224.3 Fc 39432.5 Fc 22465.2 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 954 1400 1688 2055 5334
Beans, dry Production Quantity 1011 2075 1693 2402 7437
Beans, dry Seed 62.01 Fc 62.01 Fc 91 Fc 109.72 Fc 133.58 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 10597.5 Fc 14821.4 Fc 10029.6 Fc 11688.6 Fc 13942.6 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 262 654 837 1148 683
Beans, green Production Quantity 1561 4322 5717 6861 2930
Beans, green Yield 59580.2 Fc 66085.6 Fc 68303.5 Fc 59764.8 Fc 42899 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 188 Im 200 F 223 Im 174 Im 250 F
Berries Nes Production Quantity 212 Im 200 F 244 Im 221 Im 300 F
Berries Nes Yield 11276.6 Fc 10000 Fc 10941.7 Fc 12701.2 Fc 12000 Fc
Blueberries Area Harvested 14 Im 15 Im 17 Im 20 F 20 F
Blueberries Production Quantity 96 Im 90 Im 92 Im 100 F 100 F
Blueberries Yield 68571.4 Fc 60000 Fc 54117.7 Fc 50000 Fc 50000 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 4 2 4 4 F 2 Im
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 5 12 31 20 Im 15 Im
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Seed 0.22000000000000003 Fc 0.22000000000000003 Fc 0.11000000000000001 Fc 0.22000000000000003 Fc 0.22000000000000003 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 12500 Fc 60000 Fc 77500 Fc 50000 Fc 75000 Fc
Buckwheat Area Harvested
Buckwheat Production Quantity
Buckwheat Yield
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 2554 2616 1596 2093 2246
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 44643 78939 39389 64884 50000
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 174796 Fc 301755 Fc 246798 Fc 310005 Fc 222618 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 426 498 502 619 809
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 11997 10576 14614 13437 10286
Carrots and turnips Yield 281620 Fc 212369 Fc 291116 Fc 217076 Fc 127145 Fc
Castor oil seed Area Harvested
Castor oil seed Production Quantity
Castor oil seed Seed
Castor oil seed Yield
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 192 182 129 162 142
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 2465 3331 1811 2659 2049
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 128385 Fc 183022 Fc 140388 Fc 164136 Fc 144296 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 1818320 A 1946170 A 1827440 A 1710750 A 1533410 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 7090470 A 7111300 A 6228620 A 7002720 A 3192840 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 267982 A 267982 A 828557 A 463464 A 265512 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 38994.7 Fc 36540 Fc 34083.9 Fc 40933.7 Fc 20821.8 Fc
Cereals, nes Area Harvested 208 Im 220 F 200 F 208 400
Cereals, nes Production Quantity 679 Im 650 F 400 F 379 1125
Cereals, nes Seed 37.44 Fc 37.44 Fc 39.6 Fc 36 Fc 37.44 Fc
Cereals, nes Yield 32644.2 Fc 29545.5 Fc 20000 Fc 18221.2 Fc 28125 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1818320 A 1946170 A 1827440 A 1710750 A 1533410 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 7110320 A 7129950 A 6243080 A 7015590 A 3203020 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 267982 A 267982 A 828557 A 463464 A 265512 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 39103.8 Fc 36635.8 Fc 34163.1 Fc 41008.9 Fc 20888.2 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 13957 14961 13688 11800 * 12092
Cherries Production Quantity 30063 24951 17456 16067 18427
Cherries Yield 21539.7 Fc 16677.4 Fc 12752.8 Fc 13616.1 Fc 15239 Fc
Chestnuts Area Harvested 17 Im 15 Im 25 Im 24 Im 21 Im
Chestnuts Production Quantity 37 Im 39 Im 49 Im 47 Im 39 Im
Chestnuts Yield 21764.7 Fc 26000 Fc 19600 Fc 19583.3 Fc 18571.4 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested 1677 910 1601 1767 822
Chick peas Production Quantity 1717 1035 2752 2278 264
Chick peas Seed 67.08 Fc 67.08 Fc 36.4 Fc 64.04 Fc 70.68 Fc
Chick peas Yield 10238.5 Fc 11373.6 Fc 17189.3 Fc 12891.9 Fc 3211.68 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 312 Im 323 Im 290 F 270 F 250 F
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 1346 Im 1331 Im 1000 F 950 F 900 F
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 43141 Fc 41207.4 Fc 34482.8 Fc 35185.2 Fc 36000 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 4620 4703 5013 3751 5497
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 66298 69080 71469 59524 81744
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 143502 Fc 146885 Fc 142567 Fc 158688 Fc 148707 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 668886 A 796820 A 573195 A 594174 A 438956 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2592210 A 2979350 A 2222790 A 2344730 A 781833 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 60282.4 A 60282.4 A 73856.6 A 65799.7 A 63357.1 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 38754.2 Fc 37390.5 Fc 38779 Fc 39462 Fc 17811.2 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 135 F 280 F 160 F 229 F 275 F
Cottonseed Production Quantity 275 F 600 * 320 F 460 F 550 F
Cottonseed Seed 33.2 Fc 33.2 Fc 44.64 Fc 39.6 Fc 56.48 Fc
Cranberries Area Harvested 72 Im 76 Im 85 Im 100 F 100 F
Cranberries Production Quantity 96 Im 90 Im 92 Im 100 F 100 F
Cranberries Yield 13333.3 Fc 11842.1 Fc 10823.5 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 786 853 876 371 850
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 58852 65668 77988 62618 57183
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 748753 Fc 769848 Fc 890274 Fc 1687820 Fc 672741 Fc
Currants Area Harvested F F
Currants Production Quantity F F
Currants Yield
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 347 455 695 260 354
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 6826 10747 16638 7062 8318
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 196715 Fc 236198 Fc 239396 Fc 271615 Fc 234972 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 454 A 594 A 541 A 759 A 898 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 233 A 368 A 270 A 356 A 375 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 5132.16 Fc 6195.29 Fc 4990.76 Fc 4690.38 Fc 4175.95 Fc
Flax fibre and tow Area Harvested 39 Im 36 Im 46 Im 53 Im 50 F
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity 98 Im 88 Im 110 Im 127 Im 100 F
Flax fibre and tow Yield 25128.2 Fc 24444.4 Fc 23913 Fc 23962.3 Fc 20000 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 140849 A 149562 A 165807 A 174631 A 186045 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 420041 A 396512 A 406136 A 475321 A 499429 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 29822.1 Fc 26511.5 Fc 24494.5 Fc 27218.6 Fc 26844.5 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 9417 Im 10000 F 9911 Im 10455 Im 11131 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 11000 F 11300 F 11267 Im 13189 Im 13856 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 11681 Fc 11300 Fc 11368.2 Fc 12615 Fc 12448.1 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 406 406 188 230 274
Garlic Production Quantity 1665 2263 1555 1153 1197
Garlic Yield 41009.8 Fc 55738.9 Fc 82712.8 Fc 50130.4 Fc 43686.1 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 78468 82675 101434 110816 120341
Grapes Production Quantity 243839 230198 281302 363539 376663
Grapes Yield 31075 Fc 27843.7 Fc 27732.5 Fc 32805.6 Fc 31299.6 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 10000 * 10000 * 10000 * 10000 * 10000 *
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 7000 * 7000 * 7000 * 7000 * 7000 *
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 1600 Fc 1600 Fc 1600 Fc 1600 Fc 1600 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 7000 Fc 7000 Fc 7000 Fc 7000 Fc 7000 Fc
Hazelnuts, with shell Area Harvested 606 171 601 Im 700 702
Hazelnuts, with shell Production Quantity 21 8 23 20 F 17
Hazelnuts, with shell Yield 346.53 Fc 467.84 Fc 382.7 Fc 285.71 Fc 242.17 Fc
Hemp Tow Waste Area Harvested
Hemp Tow Waste Production Quantity
Hemp Tow Waste Yield
Hempseed Area Harvested
Hempseed Production Quantity
Hempseed Seed B B B 14 B 1 B
Hempseed Yield
Hops Area Harvested 51 84 144 188 279
Hops Production Quantity 44 84 129 384 647
Hops Yield 8627.45 Fc 10000 Fc 8958.33 Fc 20425.5 Fc 23190 Fc
Kiwi fruit Area Harvested 17 18 17 F 60 F
Kiwi fruit Production Quantity 133 36 106 100
Kiwi fruit Yield 78235.3 Fc 20000 Fc 62352.9 Fc 16666.7 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 318 Im 350 F 224 Im 350 Im 341 Im
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 1354 Im 1500 F 734 Im 1137 Im 1298 Im
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 42578.6 Fc 42857.1 Fc 32767.9 Fc 32485.7 Fc 38064.5 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested 1686 2879 1977 1085 1175
Lentils Production Quantity 1872 2672 1607 1084 1500
Lentils Seed 33.72 Fc 33.72 Fc 57.58 Fc 39.54 Fc 21.7 Fc
Lentils Yield 11103.2 Fc 9281 Fc 8128.48 Fc 9990.78 Fc 12766 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 427 100 100 52 78
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 4886 2978 5257 2112 1425
Lettuce and chicory Yield 114426 Fc 297800 Fc 525700 Fc 406154 Fc 182692 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 291 Im 280 F 180 F 179 Im 146 Im
Linseed Production Quantity 189 Im 201 Im 150 F 171 Im 140 F
Linseed Seed 12 Fc 12 Fc 12 Fc 8 Fc 7.2 Fc
Linseed Yield 6494.85 Fc 7178.57 Fc 8333.33 Fc 9553.07 Fc 9589.04 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 450000 F 500000 F 274229 329345 214367
Maize Production Quantity 1800000 F 2047400 1290830 1368350 312860
Maize Seed 19200 Fc 19200 Fc 21200 Fc 12155.2 Fc 13936.1 Fc
Maize Yield 40000 Fc 40948 Fc 47071.2 Fc 41547.6 Fc 14594.6 Fc
Melonseed Production Quantity
Millet Area Harvested 3160 4000 3633 3333 2210
Millet Production Quantity 3364 5600 4262 4822 2508
Millet Seed 105 Fc 105 Fc 129 Fc 120 Fc 108 Fc
Millet Yield 10645.6 Fc 14000 Fc 11731.4 Fc 14467.5 Fc 11348.4 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 2171 1619 1725 1438 1716
Mustard seed Area Harvested 3737 Im 3600 F 3609 Im 3686 Im 3000 F
Mustard seed Production Quantity 1129 Im 1200 F 1182 Im 1171 Im 1000 F
Mustard seed Seed 56.06 Fc 56.06 Fc 54 Fc 54.14 Fc 55.29 Fc
Mustard seed Yield 3021.14 Fc 3333.33 Fc 3275.15 Fc 3176.89 Fc 3333.33 Fc
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 873 Im 860 Im 850 F 810 F 770 F
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 1403 Im 1207 Im 1182 Im 1114 Im 1073 Im
Nuts, nes Yield 16071 Fc 14034.9 Fc 13905.9 Fc 13753.1 Fc 13935.1 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 14794 23000 19996 24868 21913
Oats Production Quantity 29230 40000 30723 54489 22532
Oats Seed 3885 Fc 3885 Fc 6475 Fc 5234.39 Fc 7442.55 Fc
Oats Yield 19758 Fc 17391.3 Fc 15364.6 Fc 21911.3 Fc 10282.5 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 1003860 A 967006 A 824081 A 842310 A 686204 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 998379 A 1060060 A 777541 A 764912 A 334178 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 13354.7 A 13354.7 A 11757.3 A 11228.3 A 11570.9 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 9945.36 Fc 10962.3 Fc 9435.25 Fc 9081.13 Fc 4869.95 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1003860 A 967006 A 824081 A 842310 A 686204 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 793409 A 842926 A 638998 A 629350 A 274087 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 11129.8 A 11129.8 A 9765.66 A 9504.5 A 9850.23 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 7903.55 Fc 8716.86 Fc 7754.07 Fc 7471.72 Fc 3994.24 Fc
Oilseeds, Nes Area Harvested 10381 Im 10000 F 17300 F 18400 F 15700 F
Oilseeds, Nes Production Quantity 9412 Im 10000 F 21462 Im 18417 Im 15691 Im
Oilseeds, Nes Yield 9066.56 Fc 10000 Fc 12405.8 Fc 10009.2 Fc 9994.27 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 636 Im 700 F 419 Im 676 Im 685 Im
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 5687 Im 6300 F 6250 Im 6382 Im 6215 Im
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 89418.2 Fc 90000 Fc 149165 Fc 94408.3 Fc 90729.9 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 1499 1666 1179 1281 1262
Onions, dry Production Quantity 16750 19146 8223 16013 10598
Onions, dry Yield 111741 Fc 114922 Fc 69745.6 Fc 125004 Fc 83977.8 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 5645 5524 6000 6000 6241
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 28422 24467 17187 14908 18788
Peaches and nectarines Yield 50349 Fc 44292.2 Fc 28645 Fc 24846.7 Fc 30104.2 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 501 501 300 600 569
Pears Production Quantity 1974 1468 1442 924 965
Pears Yield 39401.2 Fc 29301.4 Fc 48066.7 Fc 15400 Fc 16959.6 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 1082 1981 1525 1973 2219
Peas, dry Production Quantity 1985 3606 1948 4266 2714
Peas, dry Seed 108.2 Fc 108.2 Fc 198.1 Fc 152.5 Fc 197.3 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 18345.7 Fc 18202.9 Fc 12773.8 Fc 21621.9 Fc 12230.7 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 1683 784 959 1511 1595
Peas, green Production Quantity 10329 5632 4977 8817 4867
Peas, green Yield 61372.6 Fc 71836.7 Fc 51897.8 Fc 58352.1 Fc 30514.1 Fc
Peppermint Area Harvested 187 187 27
Peppermint Production Quantity 356 1631 189
Peppermint Yield 19037.4 Fc 87219.3 Fc 70000 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 14682 17672 17000 16400 16264
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 32371 33688 17246 14298 23020
Plums and sloes Yield 22048.1 Fc 19062.9 Fc 10144.7 Fc 8718.29 Fc 14154 Fc
Poppy seed Area Harvested
Poppy seed Production Quantity
Poppy seed Seed
Poppy seed Yield
Potatoes Area Harvested 16200 13800 14002 21648 22427
Potatoes Production Quantity 232300 251100 231745 353060 298722
Potatoes Seed 25200 Fc 25200 Fc 21450 Fc 21102 Fc 32656.5 Fc
Potatoes Yield 143395 Fc 181957 Fc 165509 Fc 163091 Fc 133197 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 83 Im 110 F 93 Im 110 F 42
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 180 Im 250 F 200 Im 250 F 238
Pulses, nes Yield 21686.8 Fc 22727.3 Fc 21505.4 Fc 22727.3 Fc 56666.7 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 5712 A 7582 A 7199 A 7238 A 10010 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 7145 A 9950 A 8588 A 10695 A 12645 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 282.53 A 282.53 A 398.19 A 381.57 A 435.68 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 12508.8 Fc 13123.2 Fc 11929.4 Fc 14776.2 Fc 12632.4 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 62 987 226 260 272
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 817 14754 4250 4273 4411
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 131774 Fc 149483 Fc 188053 Fc 164346 Fc 162169 Fc
Quinces Area Harvested 203 403 250 F 50 124
Quinces Production Quantity 486 541 611 100 260
Quinces Yield 23940.9 Fc 13424.3 Fc 24440 Fc 20000 Fc 20967.7 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 231309 211954 108372 87516 53999
Rapeseed Production Quantity 519910 544841 235490 231176 93018
Rapeseed Seed 3007.02 Fc 3007.02 Fc 2755.4 Fc 1408.84 Fc 1137.71 Fc
Rapeseed Yield 22476.9 Fc 25705.6 Fc 21729.8 Fc 26415.3 Fc 17225.9 Fc
Raspberries Area Harvested 1634 1699 1200 1034 1372
Raspberries Production Quantity 7650 6109 3510 3540 3711
Raspberries Yield 46817.6 Fc 35956.4 Fc 29250 Fc 34236 Fc 27048.1 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 11791 11700 6521 5042 6454
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 59619 56000 43441 38645 30576
Rice, paddy Seed 2500 Fc 2500 Fc 1700 F 1664.2 Fc 1557.6 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 50563.1 Fc 47863.3 Fc 66617.1 Fc 76646.2 Fc 47375.3 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 16200 A 13800 A 14002 A 21648 A 22427 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 232300 A 251100 A 231745 A 353060 A 298722 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 25200 A 25200 A 21450 A 21102 A 32656.5 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 143395 Fc 181957 Fc 165509 Fc 163091 Fc 133197 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 10298 10900 10000 7406 5083
Rye Production Quantity 19840 17500 18858 14766 8531
Rye Seed 1980 Fc 1980 Fc 1980 Fc 1890 Fc 2753.28 Fc
Rye Yield 19265.9 Fc 16055 Fc 18858 Fc 19937.9 Fc 16783.4 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 415 558 495 706 848
Seed cotton Production Quantity 414 887 487 694 838
Seed cotton Yield 9975.9 Fc 15896.1 Fc 9838.38 Fc 9830.03 Fc 9882.08 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested
Sesame seed Production Quantity
Sesame seed Seed
Sesame seed Yield
Sorghum Area Harvested 2843 3500 730 1770 1634
Sorghum Production Quantity 5554 8600 1813 3419 1815
Sorghum Seed 75 Fc 75 Fc 108 Fc 43.5 Fc 54 Fc
Sorghum Yield 19535.7 Fc 24571.4 Fc 24835.6 Fc 19316.4 Fc 11107.7 Fc
Sour cherries Area Harvested 2823 2711 2711 3600 * 3706
Sour cherries Production Quantity 4328 2825 3958 3279 2700
Sour cherries Yield 15331.2 Fc 10420.5 Fc 14599.8 Fc 9108.33 Fc 7285.48 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 600 725 414 134 113
Soybeans Production Quantity 700 1647 400 179 68
Soybeans Seed 36 Fc 36 Fc 43.5 Fc 24.84 Fc 8.04 Fc
Soybeans Yield 11666.7 Fc 22717.2 Fc 9661.84 Fc 13358.2 Fc 6017.7 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 377 Im 390 F 565 Im 466 Im 362 Im
Spices, nes Production Quantity 809 Im 800 F 683 Im 597 Im 606 Im
Spices, nes Yield 21458.9 Fc 20512.8 Fc 12088.5 Fc 12811.2 Fc 16740.3 Fc
Spinach Area Harvested 94 80 40 45 72
Spinach Production Quantity 736 482 433 492 740
Spinach Yield 78297.9 Fc 60250 Fc 108250 Fc 109333 Fc 102778 Fc
Stone fruit, nes Area Harvested
Stone fruit, nes Production Quantity
Stone fruit, nes Yield
Strawberries Area Harvested 1011 690 581 1182 1240
Strawberries Production Quantity 7027 5727 8599 8599 5964
Strawberries Yield 69505.4 Fc 83000 Fc 148003 Fc 72749.6 Fc 48096.8 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested F F F * 1284
Sugar beet Production Quantity F F F F 16281
Sugar beet Yield 126799 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 747131 729889 683711 721689 602398
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 1439700 1536320 1317980 1300710 564447
Sunflower seed Seed 23100 Fc 23100 Fc 20000 F 20616.3 Fc 21718.9 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 19269.7 Fc 21048.7 Fc 19276.9 Fc 18023.1 Fc 9370 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 21702 24518 27865 25276 29900
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 40607 41056 51322 42424 41100
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 18711.2 Fc 16745.3 Fc 18418.1 Fc 16784.3 Fc 13745.8 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 3860 2924 3007 3474 4828
Tomatoes Production Quantity 103145 114605 104234 134131 133188
Tomatoes Yield 267215 Fc 391946 Fc 346638 Fc 386100 Fc 275866 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 9650 A 9434 A 4022 A 5062 A 12349 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4540 A 2862 A 1585 A 1703 A 2774 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 4704.66 Fc 3033.71 Fc 3940.83 Fc 3364.28 Fc 2246.34 Fc
Triticale Area Harvested 8590 9800 5958 4585 6499
Triticale Production Quantity 26522 26300 17227 20504 12700
Triticale Yield 30875.4 Fc 26836.7 Fc 28914.1 Fc 44719.7 Fc 19541.5 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 3357 6150 * 6439 10000 F 20000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 43327 20528 19591 35000 F 31075 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 129065 Fc 33378.9 Fc 30425.5 Fc 35000 Fc 15537.5 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 27640 A 30401 A 29979 A 32902 A 46760 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 460185 A 509778 A 499729 A 527595 A 510565 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 166492 Fc 167685 Fc 166693 Fc 160353 Fc 109188 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 27640 A 30401 A 29979 A 32902 A 46760 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 460185 A 509778 A 499729 A 527595 A 510565 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 166492 Fc 167685 Fc 166693 Fc 160353 Fc 109188 Fc
Vetches Area Harvested 226 300 311 244 416
Vetches Production Quantity 375 300 357 395 477
Vetches Seed 11.3 Fc 11.3 Fc 15 Fc 15.55 Fc 12.2 Fc
Vetches Yield 16592.9 Fc 10000 Fc 11479.1 Fc 16188.5 Fc 11466.4 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Area Harvested 7018 7217 2046 1628 8935
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity 2406 1240 281 422 1400
Walnuts, with shell Yield 3428.33 Fc 1718.17 Fc 1373.41 Fc 2592.14 Fc 1566.87 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 4293 4293 5593 4749 4572
Watermelons Production Quantity 70808 70808 110653 93348 95667
Watermelons Yield 164938 Fc 164938 Fc 197842 Fc 196563 Fc 209245 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 1137640 1137650 1247720 1111530 1088000
Wheat Production Quantity 4458490 4094600 3976850 4632210 2390610
Wheat Seed 205200 Fc 205200 Fc 753000 396000 200597 Fc
Wheat Yield 39190.7 Fc 35991.7 Fc 31872.9 Fc 41674.2 Fc 21972.5 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Almonds, with shell Area Harvested 1571 1586 1912 2674 3513
Almonds, with shell Production Quantity 161 243 531 572 1371
Almonds, with shell Yield 1024.82 Fc 1532.16 Fc 2777.2 Fc 2139.12 Fc 3902.65 Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Area Harvested 23000 F 30000 F 35000 F 34000 F 32000 F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Production Quantity 29000 F 27000 F 40000 F 33000 F 31000 F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Yield 12608.7 Fc 9000 Fc 11428.6 Fc 9705.88 Fc 9687.5 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 5708 5393 7350 7775 5976
Apples Production Quantity 26328 26130 39393 38372 26417
Apples Yield 46124.7 Fc 48451.7 Fc 53595.9 Fc 49353.1 Fc 44205.2 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 6857 7340 8151 8461 4607
Apricots Production Quantity 13286 10621 18458 18527 4159
Apricots Yield 19375.8 Fc 14470 Fc 22645.1 Fc 21896.9 Fc 9027.57 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 2300 F 2022 Im 1921 Im 2386 Im 2200 F
Asparagus Production Quantity 6753 Im 6288 Im 6357 Im 6243 Im 6777 Im
Asparagus Yield 29360.9 Fc 31097.9 Fc 33092.1 Fc 26165.1 Fc 30804.5 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 185705 264519 328924 270612 388797
Barley Production Quantity 546292 657863 1180840 524990 1211440
Barley Seed 33894.7 Fc 34219.3 Fc 48382.8 Fc 58359.9 Fc 49940.1 Fc
Barley Yield 29417.2 Fc 24870.2 Fc 35900.1 Fc 19400.1 Fc 31158.7 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 3677 8569 7102 11953 8152
Beans, dry Production Quantity 4844 10062 9324 11810 8087
Beans, dry Seed 346.71 Fc 239.01 Fc 556.99 Fc 461.63 Fc 776.95 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 13173.8 Fc 11742.3 Fc 13128.7 Fc 9880.36 Fc 9920.26 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 556 988 1738 1966 1107
Beans, green Production Quantity 3212 4069 14489 14234 6140
Beans, green Yield 57769.8 Fc 41184.2 Fc 83365.9 Fc 72400.8 Fc 55465.2 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 192 Im 188 Im 199 Im 200 F 100 *
Berries Nes Production Quantity 205 Im 176 Im 251 Im 283 Im 260 Im
Berries Nes Yield 10677.1 Fc 9361.7 Fc 12613.1 Fc 14150 Fc 26000 Fc
Blueberries Area Harvested 20 F
Blueberries Production Quantity 100 F
Blueberries Yield 50000 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 3 Im 4 Im 5 Im 3 Im 6 Im
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 21 Im 24 Im 25 Im 20 Im 25 Im
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Seed 0.11000000000000001 Fc 15 F 0.22000000000000003 Fc 0.27999999999999997 Fc 0.16999999999999998 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 70000 Fc 60000 Fc 50000 Fc 66666.7 Fc 41666.7 Fc
Buckwheat Area Harvested
Buckwheat Production Quantity
Buckwheat Yield
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 2818 3304 5128 5315 4946
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 72662 69306 116862 138318 109433
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 257850 Fc 209764 Fc 227890 Fc 260241 Fc 221256 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 646 342 1422 991 810
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 13273 4182 33955 19960 8886
Carrots and turnips Yield 205464 Fc 122281 Fc 238783 Fc 201413 Fc 109704 Fc
Castor oil seed Area Harvested
Castor oil seed Production Quantity
Castor oil seed Seed
Castor oil seed Yield
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 187 158 1103 396 587
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 3033 1831 13222 3617 6971
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 162193 Fc 115886 Fc 119873 Fc 91338.4 Fc 118756 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 1548460 A 1723960 A 1830120 A 1608440 A 2145080 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 5525160 A 5832370 A 7453460 A 3806210 A 6764430 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 260320 A 234199 A 275550 A 274447 A 245105 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 35681.7 Fc 33831.3 Fc 40726.6 Fc 23664 Fc 31534.7 Fc
Cereals, nes Area Harvested 216 1102 2542 9033 6274
Cereals, nes Production Quantity 675 3456 7322 8499 12000 F
Cereals, nes Seed 72 Fc 38.88 Fc 198.36 Fc 457.56 Fc 1625.94 Fc
Cereals, nes Yield 31250 Fc 31361.2 Fc 28804.1 Fc 9408.83 Fc 19126.5 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1548460 A 1723960 A 1830120 A 1608440 A 2145080 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 5531820 A 5839080 A 7462830 A 3814090 A 6770410 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 260320 A 234199 A 275550 A 274447 A 245105 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 35724.8 Fc 33870.2 Fc 40777.7 Fc 23713 Fc 31562.5 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 11339 11234 11145 9665 6751
Cherries Production Quantity 20504 18235 21369 17243 15654
Cherries Yield 18082.7 Fc 16232 Fc 19173.6 Fc 17840.7 Fc 23187.7 Fc
Chestnuts Area Harvested 19 Im 26 Im 25 35 F 42 Im
Chestnuts Production Quantity 54 Im 68 Im 100 F 200 F 314 Im
Chestnuts Yield 28421 Fc 26153.8 Fc 40000 Fc 57142.9 Fc 74761.9 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested 519 593.3 4450 5810 3506
Chick peas Production Quantity 427 471 3916 4939 4759
Chick peas Seed 32.88 Fc 20.76 Fc 23.72 Fc 178 Fc 232.4 Fc
Chick peas Yield 8227.36 Fc 7938.65 Fc 8800 Fc 8500.86 Fc 13573.9 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 183 Im 252 Im 266 Im 273 Im 260 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 394 Im 598 Im 641 Im 460 Im 675 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 21530 Fc 23730.2 Fc 24097.7 Fc 16849.8 Fc 25961.5 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 8516 5129 10800 13899 13004
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 156684 72155 124907 213876 166619
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 183988 Fc 140680 Fc 115655 Fc 153879 Fc 128129 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 573525 A 617648 A 784774 A 761790 A 772282 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2209930 A 2340850 A 3473530 A 1786490 A 2629680 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 57311.5 A 56795.7 A 70430.6 A 85385.8 A 81374 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 38532.5 Fc 37899.4 Fc 44261.5 Fc 23451.2 Fc 34050.8 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 350 F 420 850 1400 2000 *
Cottonseed Production Quantity 695 F 807 * 1680 * 2700 6360
Cottonseed Seed 67.84 Fc 80.96 Fc 102.48 Fc 209.52 Fc 255.68 Fc
Cranberries Area Harvested 100 F
Cranberries Production Quantity 100 F
Cranberries Yield 10000 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 991 777 3094 3971 5021
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 61477 44748 86560 85304 73527
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 620353 Fc 575907 Fc 279767 Fc 214817 Fc 146439 Fc
Currants Area Harvested 65 65 43 80 *
Currants Production Quantity 40 F 44 73 75 Im
Currants Yield 6153.85 Fc 6769.23 Fc 16976.7 Fc 9375 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 303 467.7 1613 1318 569
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 7782 10985 40097 32465 12342
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 256832 Fc 234873 Fc 248586 Fc 246320 Fc 216907 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1012 A 1238.6 A 2374 A 3259.3 A 6158 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 350 A 620 A 1059 A 1695 A 2317 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 3458.5 Fc 5005.65 Fc 4460.83 Fc 5200.5 Fc 3762.59 Fc
Flax fibre and tow Area Harvested F 120 F 125 117.3 113 Im
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity F 200 F 209 295 317 Im
Flax fibre and tow Yield 16666.7 Fc 16720 Fc 25149.2 Fc 28053.1 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 193142 A 189365 A 200373 A 199332 A 160845 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 441743 A 379756 A 540398 A 612059 A 553622 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 22871.4 Fc 20054.2 Fc 26969.6 Fc 30705.5 Fc 34419.6 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 11559 Im 11341 Im 12000 F 10000 F 1600 *
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 12257 Im 10541 Im 15000 F 20000 F 8000 *
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 10603.9 Fc 9294.59 Fc 12500 Fc 20000 Fc 50000 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 846 619 962 804 832
Garlic Production Quantity 3181 3702 5483 3885 3835
Garlic Yield 37600.5 Fc 59806.1 Fc 56995.8 Fc 48320.9 Fc 46093.8 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 128857 126842 129508 131069 114630
Grapes Production Quantity 307173 266183 351468 433619 408911
Grapes Yield 23838.3 Fc 20985.4 Fc 27138.7 Fc 33083.3 Fc 35672.3 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 10000 * 10000 * 9000 * 10000 * 10000 *
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 7000 * 7000 * 7000 * 7000 * 7000 *
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 1600 Fc 1600 Fc 1600 Fc 1600 Fc 1600 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 7000 Fc 7000 Fc 7777.78 Fc 7000 Fc 7000 Fc
Hazelnuts, with shell Area Harvested 376 255 106 120
Hazelnuts, with shell Production Quantity 52 23 20 15
Hazelnuts, with shell Yield 1382.98 Fc 901.96 Fc 1886.79 Fc 1250 Fc
Hemp Tow Waste Area Harvested
Hemp Tow Waste Production Quantity
Hemp Tow Waste Yield
Hempseed Area Harvested
Hempseed Production Quantity
Hempseed Seed 64 B B B B B
Hempseed Yield
Hops Area Harvested 202 227.7 273 281 254
Hops Production Quantity 174 216 276 268 189
Hops Yield 8613.86 Fc 9486.17 Fc 10109.9 Fc 9537.37 Fc 7440.94 Fc
Kiwi fruit Area Harvested 70 F 45 24 10
Kiwi fruit Production Quantity 40 40 21 8
Kiwi fruit Yield 5714.29 Fc 8888.89 Fc 8750 Fc 8000 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 381 Im 376 Im 391 Im 486 Im 448 Im
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 1173 Im 1500 F 4000 F 2100 Im 3000 F
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 30787.4 Fc 39893.6 Fc 102302 Fc 43209.9 Fc 66964.3 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested 1918 2064 2569 2061 1253
Lentils Production Quantity 2246 2295 1644 2679 1306
Lentils Seed 23.5 Fc 38.36 Fc 41.28 Fc 51.38 Fc 41.22 Fc
Lentils Yield 11710.1 Fc 11119.2 Fc 6399.38 Fc 12998.5 Fc 10423 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 86 173 1569 1188 520
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 1071 3960 30264 18893 8937
Lettuce and chicory Yield 124535 Fc 228902 Fc 192887 Fc 159032 Fc 171865 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 170 F 120 F 125 158 230 Im
Linseed Production Quantity 160 F 87 Im 100 F 142 120 F
Linseed Seed 7.2 Fc 7.2 Fc 5.2 Fc 5.4 Fc 6.96 Fc
Linseed Yield 9411.76 Fc 7250 Fc 8000 Fc 8987.34 Fc 5217.39 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 350291 298712 383217 414680 304055
Maize Production Quantity 1587800 1585700 2123020 1161110 1288110
Maize Seed 16355.2 Fc 15470.9 Fc 13633.9 Fc 16638.8 Fc 18927.2 Fc
Maize Yield 45328 Fc 53084.6 Fc 55399.9 Fc 28000.1 Fc 42364.4 Fc
Melonseed Production Quantity
Millet Area Harvested 2686 3047.2 5999 4624 4600 *
Millet Production Quantity 3588 4190 9840 4339 5000 F
Millet Seed 72 Fc 87 Fc 100.34 Fc 183.66 Fc 151.23 Fc
Millet Yield 13358.2 Fc 13750.3 Fc 16402.7 Fc 9383.65 Fc 10869.6 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 1894 3000 F 11000 F 9341 Im 8961 Im
Mustard seed Area Harvested 3200 F 1000 F 800 F 950 F 1000 F
Mustard seed Production Quantity 1150 F 800 F 981 Im 718 Im 600 F
Mustard seed Seed 45 Fc 48 Fc 15 Fc 12 Fc 14.25 Fc
Mustard seed Yield 3593.75 Fc 8000 Fc 12262.5 Fc 7557.89 Fc 6000 Fc
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 1070 F 1094.3 900 1038.6 670 F
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 1500 F 1427 1300 1636 1636 F
Nuts, nes Yield 14018.7 Fc 13040.3 Fc 14444.4 Fc 15752 Fc 24417.9 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 16446 30571.1 43002 37615 41025
Oats Production Quantity 30491 50138 101486 51533 62445
Oats Seed 4701.22 Fc 3830.79 Fc 6366.89 Fc 8033.25 Fc 8767.33 Fc
Oats Yield 18540.1 Fc 16400.5 Fc 23600.3 Fc 13700.1 Fc 15221.2 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 799028 A 670906 A 632930 A 699093 A 508055 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 594267 A 465058 A 534977 A 389697 A 323725 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 10827.9 A 11878.8 A 9983.38 A 9263.8 A 10390.7 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 7437.37 Fc 6931.79 Fc 8452.39 Fc 5574.33 Fc 6371.84 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 799028 A 670906 A 632930 A 699093 A 508055 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 509571 A 398494 A 458620 A 334229 A 274778 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 9242.81 A 10248.2 A 8597.31 A 7936.89 A 8897.87 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 6377.38 Fc 5939.63 Fc 7245.98 Fc 4780.89 Fc 5408.42 Fc
Oilseeds, Nes Area Harvested 18200 F 12400 F 16400 F 12000 F 10000 F
Oilseeds, Nes Production Quantity 18184 Im 14237 Im 16400 Im 12000 F 10000 F
Oilseeds, Nes Yield 9991.21 Fc 11481.5 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 712 Im 741 Im 805 Im 1000 F 821 Im
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 10000 F 4000 F 10000 F 8000 F 7400 F
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 140449 Fc 53981.1 Fc 124224 Fc 80000 Fc 90134 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 2217 1527 3990 5351 4962
Onions, dry Production Quantity 20272 14300 44553 42274 38007
Onions, dry Yield 91438.9 Fc 93647.7 Fc 111662 Fc 79002.1 Fc 76596.1 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 5907 5995 6135 6126 4010
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 21709 14827 22484 16544 10133
Peaches and nectarines Yield 36751.3 Fc 24732.3 Fc 36648.7 Fc 27006.2 Fc 25269.3 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 327 327 427 396 265
Pears Production Quantity 572 750 1795 1035 1081
Pears Yield 17492.3 Fc 22935.8 Fc 42037.5 Fc 26136.4 Fc 40792.4 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 570 1402 1814 2250 4100
Peas, dry Production Quantity 1060 2445 4770 3798 8897
Peas, dry Seed 221.9 Fc 57 Fc 140.2 Fc 181.4 Fc 225 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 18596.5 Fc 17439.4 Fc 26295.5 Fc 16880 Fc 21700 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 1087 321.6 1050 761 560
Peas, green Production Quantity 3471 1373 3266 1537 2074
Peas, green Yield 31931.9 Fc 42692.8 Fc 31104.8 Fc 20197.1 Fc 37035.7 Fc
Peppermint Area Harvested
Peppermint Production Quantity
Peppermint Yield
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 15051 15061 19703 18553 16078
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 21001 17950 49165 46364 48891
Plums and sloes Yield 13953.2 Fc 11918.2 Fc 24953 Fc 24990 Fc 30408.6 Fc
Poppy seed Area Harvested
Poppy seed Production Quantity
Poppy seed Seed
Poppy seed Yield
Potatoes Area Harvested 24471 23999 30675 29754 51886
Potatoes Production Quantity 386050 375459 573179 450214 627273
Potatoes Seed 33640.5 Fc 36706.5 Fc 35998.5 Fc 46012.5 Fc 44631 Fc
Potatoes Yield 157758 Fc 156448 Fc 186855 Fc 151312 Fc 120894 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 829
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 1752
Pulses, nes Yield 21133.9 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 7823 A 13407.3 A 16653 A 22977 A 18317 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 10866 A 16207 A 20735 A 24496 A 24774 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 645.9 A 385.48 A 801.16 A 908.34 A 1320.74 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 13889.8 Fc 12088.2 Fc 12451.2 Fc 10661.1 Fc 13525.1 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 232 220.2 1164 1350 3593
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 3135 3712 16023 15752 23485
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 135129 Fc 168574 Fc 137655 Fc 116681 Fc 65363.2 Fc
Quinces Area Harvested 79 85 125 167 200 *
Quinces Production Quantity 240 632 515 1588 3000 F
Quinces Yield 30379.8 Fc 74352.9 Fc 41200 Fc 95089.8 Fc 150000 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 15837 10993 11250 12687 6901
Rapeseed Production Quantity 28463 21778 22388 11291 8061
Rapeseed Seed 701.99 Fc 205.88 Fc 142.91 Fc 146.25 Fc 164.93 Fc
Rapeseed Yield 17972.5 Fc 19810.8 Fc 19900.4 Fc 8899.66 Fc 11680.9 Fc
Raspberries Area Harvested 2087 2000 1048 1109 969
Raspberries Production Quantity 5766 3900 5606 4083 3938
Raspberries Yield 27628.2 Fc 19500 Fc 53492.4 Fc 36816.9 Fc 40639.8 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 4539 4500.6 5669 5633 4166
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 20008 20163 28116 23659 17955
Rice, paddy Seed 1316.6 Fc 1016.4 Fc 936.66 Fc 1139.8 Fc 1128.8 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 44080.2 Fc 44800.7 Fc 49596.1 Fc 42000.7 Fc 43098.9 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 24471 A 23999 A 30675 A 29754 A 51886 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 386050 A 375459 A 573179 A 450214 A 627273 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 33640.5 A 36706.5 A 35998.5 A 46012.5 A 44631 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 157758 Fc 156448 Fc 186855 Fc 151312 Fc 120894 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 7400 8782.3 8520 9801 13105
Rye Production Quantity 12700 13617 16976 11859 18324
Rye Seed 2165.4 Fc 3111.3 Fc 1698.84 Fc 1614.06 Fc 1852.02 Fc
Rye Yield 17162.2 Fc 15505 Fc 19924.9 Fc 12099.8 Fc 13982.5 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 1012 1118.6 2249 3142 6045
Seed cotton Production Quantity 1056 1285 2587 4162 9636
Seed cotton Yield 10434.8 Fc 11487.6 Fc 11502.9 Fc 13246.3 Fc 15940.5 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested
Sesame seed Production Quantity
Sesame seed Seed
Sesame seed Yield
Sorghum Area Harvested 1181 1589.7 3049 3539 4261
Sorghum Production Quantity 2687 3243 6402 5874 8967
Sorghum Seed 51 Fc 37.5 Fc 49.52 Fc 98.58 Fc 110.19 Fc
Sorghum Yield 22751.9 Fc 20400.1 Fc 20997 Fc 16597.9 Fc 21044.4 Fc
Sour cherries Area Harvested 3593 2303 2527 3221 3173
Sour cherries Production Quantity 3701 3168 3325 3108 7529
Sour cherries Yield 10300.6 Fc 13756 Fc 13157.9 Fc 9649.18 Fc 23728.3 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 88 271.6 341 524 2866
Soybeans Production Quantity 137 604 640 584 4098
Soybeans Seed 6.78 Fc 5.28 Fc 16.3 Fc 20.46 Fc 31.44 Fc
Soybeans Yield 15568.2 Fc 22238.6 Fc 18768.3 Fc 11145 Fc 14298.7 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 494 Im 584 Im 961 Im 1009 Im 961 Im
Spices, nes Production Quantity 517 Im 740 Im 878 Im 657 Im 964 Im
Spices, nes Yield 10465.6 Fc 12671.2 Fc 9136.32 Fc 6511.4 Fc 10031.2 Fc
Spinach Area Harvested 59 47 455 181 928
Spinach Production Quantity 369 635 3051 1560 3570
Spinach Yield 62542.4 Fc 135106 Fc 67054.9 Fc 86187.9 Fc 38469.8 Fc
Stone fruit, nes Area Harvested
Stone fruit, nes Production Quantity
Stone fruit, nes Yield
Strawberries Area Harvested 1396 1146 1966 2537 2406
Strawberries Production Quantity 8761 6563 11504 11212 15574
Strawberries Yield 62757.9 Fc 57268.8 Fc 58514.8 Fc 44193.9 Fc 64729.8 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 1356 1294 1083 394 2162
Sugar beet Production Quantity 26788 24731 26367 9076 51326
Sugar beet Yield 197552 Fc 191121 Fc 243463 Fc 230355 Fc 237401 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 750521 635003 592765 659632 471013
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 1196570 934855 1078830 788763 645369
Sunflower seed Seed 20609.5 Fc 23551.9 Fc 19601.1 Fc 17946.1 Fc 20246.5 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 15943.2 Fc 14722.1 Fc 18200 Fc 11957.6 Fc 13701.7 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 27369 40869 47149 41404 39366
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 41956 58336 69569 61539 62250
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 15329.8 Fc 14273.9 Fc 14755.1 Fc 14863.1 Fc 15813.1 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 7022 5394 12266 15579 14562
Tomatoes Production Quantity 212969 126462 237597 428165 245299
Tomatoes Yield 303288 Fc 234449 Fc 193704 Fc 274835 Fc 168451 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 11389 A 11487.3 A 11596 A 14279.6 A 9993 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3877 A 4401 A 6453 A 8452 A 5550 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 3404.16 Fc 3831.19 Fc 5564.85 Fc 5918.93 Fc 5553.89 Fc
Triticale Area Harvested 9600 9324.4 9521 11886 10165
Triticale Production Quantity 25700 22643 27643 18288 23398
Triticale Yield 26770.8 Fc 24283.6 Fc 29033.7 Fc 15386.2 Fc 23018.2 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 15500 F 17998 Im 16103 Im 20000 F 23000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 50000 F 40000 F 69160 Im 67675 Im 70000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 32258.1 Fc 22224.7 Fc 42948.5 Fc 33837.5 Fc 30434.8 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 54528 A 47673.5 A 74116 A 92052 A 89335 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 818233 A 513526 A 998378 A 1375350 A 979093 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 150057 Fc 107717 Fc 134705 Fc 149410 Fc 109598 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 54528 A 47673.5 A 74116 A 92052 A 89335 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 818233 A 513526 A 998378 A 1375350 A 979093 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 150057 Fc 107717 Fc 134705 Fc 149410 Fc 109598 Fc
Vetches Area Harvested 307 775 713 900 * 1300 *
Vetches Production Quantity 516 910 1056 1250 F 1700 F
Vetches Seed 20.8 Fc 15.35 Fc 38.75 Fc 35.65 Fc 45 Fc
Vetches Yield 16807.8 Fc 11741.9 Fc 14810.7 Fc 13888.9 Fc 13076.9 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Area Harvested 8353 8526 8653 10412 5768
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity 2110 2640 4502 6029 2229
Walnuts, with shell Yield 2526.04 Fc 3096.41 Fc 5202.82 Fc 5790.43 Fc 3864.42 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 10069 7069 8542 15110 10865
Watermelons Production Quantity 185822 97318 127532 262153 173830
Watermelons Yield 184549 Fc 137669 Fc 149300 Fc 173496 Fc 159991 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 970392 1101810 1039680 841014 1368630
Wheat Production Quantity 3301880 3478070 3961180 2003940 4122770
Wheat Seed 201692 Fc 176387 Fc 204183 Fc 187921 Fc 162602 Fc
Wheat Yield 34026.3 Fc 31566.9 Fc 38100 Fc 23827.7 Fc 30123.3 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 5088 Q 5052 Q 5030 Q 5101 Q 5116 Q
Agricultural area certified organic Area 12.7 I 5 I 4 I 8 I
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 12.9 I 7.4 I 12.7 Fm 5.6 Fm
Agricultural area irrigated Area 90 Q 73 I
Agricultural area organic, total Area 25.6 I 12.3 I 16.7 I 13.6 I
Arable land Area 3250 Q 3183 Q 3139 Q 3082 Q 3086 Q
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 3410 Q 3350 Q 3311 Q 3272 Q 3281 Q
Country area Area 11100 Q 11100 Q 11100 Q 11100 Q 11100 Q
Fallow land Area 174 Q 208 Q 196 Q 229 Q 570 Q
Forest area Area 3982.2 Fm 3927 Q 3871.8 Fm 3816.6 Fm 3761.4 Fm
Inland water Area 244 Fm 244 Fm 244 Fm 239 Fm 239 Q
Land area Area 10856 Fm 10856 Fm 10856 Q 10861 Fm 10861 Q
Other land Area 1785.8 Fm 1877 Fm 1954.2 Fm 1943.4 Fm 1983.6 Fm
Permanent crops Area 160 Q 167 Q 172 Q 190 Q 195 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 1678 Q 1702 Q 1719 Q 1829 Q 1835 Q
Temporary crops Area 2991 Q 2886 Q 2848 Q 2751 Q 2451 Q
Temporary meadows and pastures Area 85 Q 89 Q 95 Q 102 Q 65 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 102 Fm 102 Fm 102 Fm 102 Fm 104.58 W
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 5160 Q 5265 Q 5330 Q 5326 Q 5325 Q
Agricultural area certified organic Area 3 I
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 1.7 Fm
Agricultural area irrigated Area 54 I 79 I
Agricultural area organic, total Area 4.7 I 2.4 I
Arable land Area 3099 Q 3173 Q 3313 Q 3323 Q 3355 Q
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 3305 Q 3374 Q 3529 Q 3537 Q 3583 Q
Country area Area 11100 Q 11100 Q 11100 Q 11099 Q 11099 Q
Fallow land Area 554 Q 490 Q 489 Q 578 Q 316 Q
Forest area Area 3706.2 Fm 3651 Q 3595.8 Fm 3540.6 Fm 3485.4 Fm
Inland water Area 237 Q 236 Fm 224 Fm 222 Fm 219 Fm
Land area Area 10863 Q 10864 Q 10876 Q 10877 Q 10880 Q
Other land Area 1996.8 Fm 1948 Fm 1950.2 Fm 2010.4 Fm 2069.6 Fm
Permanent crops Area 206 Q 201 Q 216 Q 214 Q 228 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 1855 Q 1891 Q 1801 Q 1789 Q 1742 Q
Temporary crops Area 2492 Q 2617 Q 2742 Q 2657 Q 2949 Q
Temporary meadows and pastures Area 53 Q 66 Q 82 Q 88 Q 90 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 108 Fm 112 Q 118 Fm 124 Q 592 F
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files