Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Bulgaria

Toolbox

Datasheet

Bulgaria

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 6,975,761 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 9,570 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 66,755.08 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 68,558.82 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 3.24 (2019)

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

List of Species

Top of page

The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Present, LocalizedBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter sepedonicus (potato ring rot)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens (bacterial wilt of dry beans)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2010)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma)Present, LocalizedSakalieva et al. (2007); Bobev et al. (2013); Genov et al. (2014); Avramov et al. (2016); Genov et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma trifolii (clover proliferation phytoplasma)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine flavescence doree phytoplasma (flavescence dorée of grapevine)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation)Present, LocalizedNémeth (1986); CABI/EPPO (2013); Etropolska et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2010); Etropolska et al. (2015)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)Present, Transient under eradicationTopchiiska and Sakalieva (2001); CABI/EPPO (2013); Etropolska et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginaleAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBobev et al. (2004); Bobev et al. (2007); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive)PresentUK, CAB International (1983); Bradbury (1981); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); EPPO (2021)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)Absent, Formerly presentCABI and EPPO (1999)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella AbortusequiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, WidespreadBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas translucens pv. cerealis (bacterial leaf streak of grasses)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2014)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas translucens pv. translucens (bacterial leaf streak of barley)Absent, Formerly presentKoleva (1981); Sands et al. (1986); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylophilus ampelinus (bacterial blight of grapevine)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022); Bradbury (1986)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose)PresentDaskalova (1980)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentDobrev and Tufa (1995); CABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Bobev et al. (2002); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Gábor et al. (2012); CABI and EPPO (2015); Georgieva et al. (2019)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiplodia seriata (grapevine trunk disease)PresentBobev et al. (2008)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe plataniPresentCABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGlomerella acutataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1989); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaKabatiella zeae (eyespot)PresentPopov and Popova (1979); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2000); Ganchev (2007)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBrasier and Kirk (2001); Stoyanov (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentBraun (1995)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentGeorgieva and Marković (2018)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumPresent, LocalizedNativePorta et al. (1998)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)Present, LocalizedNativeUK, CAB International (1980); Rosnev and Petkov (1986); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion parviporumPresent, LocalizedNativePorta et al. (1998)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)PresentSpehar et al. (1976)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Margina and Zheljazkov (1996); CABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); Denchev (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm)PresentMurina (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)PresentIntroducedSurugiu (2005); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentInvasiveGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPolydora cornutaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcartia tonsaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)Present, LocalizedTSALEV (1967); GERDZHIKOV (1968); Atanasov (1995); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid)PresentNativeEichhorn (1969); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)Present, WidespreadDochkova (1971); Nikolova (1971); Dimitrov (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAlocentron curvirostrePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983); Yovkova et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1968); Yovkova et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Andreev et al. (2007); Rasheva and Andreev (2007); Yovkova et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraephagaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011); Yovkova et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAppendiseta robiniaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAproceros leucopoda (elm zigzag sawfly)Present, WidespreadIntroducedDoychev (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArchips xylosteanus (apple, leafroller)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated); Borovinova and IIliyana (2005); Velcheva (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArgyrotaenia ljungianaPresentVelcheva (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidapion validumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale)PresentTrencheva et al. (2010); Pencheva and Yovkova (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAutographa gamma (silver-Y moth)PresentKaradzhov (1970); Dochkova (1971); Dochkova (1971); Dochkova (1972); Velichkova (1972); Trenchev (1980); Slavchev (1984); Zlatkov (2007); Arnaudov et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBellardia trixago (bellardia)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedHristova and Apostolova (1982)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeEstoup et al. (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite)PresentJeppson et al. (1975); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)Present, WidespreadNativeDirimanov (1962); UK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)PresentEPPO (2022); Pencheva and Yovkova (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Jensen (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaloptilia roscipennella (walnut leaf miner)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePelov et al. (1993); CABI and EPPO (2003); Girardoz et al. (2007); Péré et al. (2010); Mirchev et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus neposPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus tersusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercopagis pengoi (fishhook waterflea)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveGuher (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil)PresentColonnelli (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)Present, LocalizedLoginova (1992); Karsholt and Razowski (1996); Harizanova et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysolina coerulansPresentFauna Europaea (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara brauniPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveScheurer (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara juniperiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentDirimanov and Dimitrov (1975); Natskova (1977); Angelova and Tzolova (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaColeophora deauratella (red clover casebearer)PresentFauna Europaea (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaContarinia paniciPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaContarinia quinquenotata (Hemerocallis gall midge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Ĭosifov (1990); CABI and EPPO (2013); Georgieva et al. (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptococcus fagisuga (beech coccus)PresentKosztarab and Kozár (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCurculio elephas (chestnut weevil)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBeshkov et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle)Present, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveKiss et al. (2005); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus osborniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Present, LocalizedKosztarab and Kozár (1988); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDikerogammarus villosus (killer shrimp)PresentNativeGrabowski and Pešic (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)PresentGruber et al. (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDociostaurus tartarusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDreyfusia nordmannianae (silver fir adelges)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2016); Karadjova et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid)PresentPencheva et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEchinothrips americanusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid)PresentPencheva and Yovkova (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElophila nymphaeataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEphestia kuehniella (Mediterranean flour moth)PresentMarkova (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpichoristodes acerbella (South African carnation tortrix)PresentGlavendekić (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1975); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErschoviella musculana (Asian walnut moth)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEupoecilia ambiguella (grapevine moth)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEurytoma amygdali (almond fruit wasp)PresentZerova and Fursov (1991); Ivanov (1960)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuxesta pechumaniPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFaxonius limosus (Spiny-cheek crayfish)PresentIntroducedTrichkova T et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentUK, CAB International (1957)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGymnaspis aechmeaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer)Present, WidespreadNativeGeorgiev (1992); Razowski (1996); Georgiev and Samuelian (1999); Georgiev and Delkov (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGyropus ovalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1993); Beshkov (1996); Zlatkov (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Batalova (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemimysis anomalaPresent, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveAudzijonyte et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHolocnemus plucheiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil)PresentCankov (1968); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypoponera punctatissimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdiopterus nephrelepidisPresentPencheva et al. (2012); Yovkova et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIllinoia azaleaePresentYovkova et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaJapananus hyalinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius neglectus (invasive garden ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius turcicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1962); Nedyalkov (1984); Bozhkov (1985); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLernaea cyprinaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth)PresentNativeInvasiveIvanov (1976); Koutinkova et al. (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeFauna Europaea (2006); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnomysis benedeniPresent, WidespreadNativeBacescu (1949); Russev and Kaneva-Abadjieva (1973); Wittmann (2007); Audzijonyte et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerinaPresentAustralian Government (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Yankova et al. (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)Absent, EradicatedCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListrophorus americanusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListrophorus dozieriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListrophorus fainiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListrophorus validusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (European grapevine moth)Present, WidespreadKharizanov (1974); Stoeva (1979); Stoeva (1982); Zapryanov and Stoeva (1982); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); Žežlina et al. (2005); Keena et al. (2008); Georgiev et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)PresentNativeInvasiveEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacropsis cyanescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1984); Yovkova et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)PresentPopov (1972); CABI and EPPO (2001); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Pencheva and Yovkova (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonarthropalpus flavus (boxwood leafminer)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn)PresentNativeInvasiveAlthoff and Danilevsky (1997); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus urussovii (white mottled sawyer)PresentTsankov (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyocoptes ondatraePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentIntroducedKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentVasev (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); Yovkova et al. (2013); Andreev and Vasilev (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)Present, WidespreadNativeDaskalova (1970); Tsankov et al. (1980)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaObolodiplosis robiniae (black locust gall midge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOmonadus floralisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpilio parietinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveWood and Bright (1992); Takov et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstearius melanopygiusPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)PresentIgnatov and Kirkov (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp)Present, LocalizedIntroducedSt. Raykov et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPallenis spinosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPammene fascianaPresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)Present, WidespreadKeremidciev (1966); Georgiev (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentTschorbadjiew (1939); UK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPaysandisia archon (South American palm borer)PresentIntroducedEuropean Commission (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyKarsholt and Razowski (1996); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus peruvianusPresentPencheva and Yovkova (2016); Pencheva et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhilonthus spinipesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea absoluta (tomato leafminer)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHarizanova et al. (2009); CABI and EPPO (2013); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2012); Subchev et al. (2013); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocoptes azaleaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter issikii (lime leafminer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)Present, WidespreadHiggins (1983); Mateeva et al. (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)Present, WidespreadNativeAngelov (1979); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls)Present, WidespreadNativeTakov et al. (2011); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveRuskov (1928); Tschorbedjiev (1929); Buresh and Lazarov (1956); Tsankov (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Tsalev (1970); CABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPonera coarctataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPontogammarus robustoidesPresentNativeCarausu et al. (1955)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProciphilus fraxinifoliiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Yovkova et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Kosztarab and Kozár (1988); Pencheva and Yovkova (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug)PresentIntroducedKozar et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPterostichus caspiusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRamburiella turcomanaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil)PresentNativeAlonso-Zarazaga and Talamelli (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisii (Harris mud crab)PresentIntroducedMarchand and Saudray (1971); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhopalapion longirostrePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)Present, Transient under eradicationEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Ben-Dov (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda carcharias (large poplar borer)PresentHeyrowsky (1931)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda populnea (small poplar borer)PresentGeorgiev (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSceliphron curvatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSedina buettneri (Blair's wainscot)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1968); Cayrol (1972); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentKozár and Bink-Moenen (1988); CABI/EPPO (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Tsvetkov (1980)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStictocephala altaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTachycines asynamorusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeDanilevsky (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeDanilevsky (2003); Georgiev et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary)PresentUK, CAB International (1977); Tsankov (1990); Tsankov et al. (1996); Mirchev et al. (2011); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea processionea (oak processionary moth)PresentMirchev et al. (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTheresimima ampellophaga (European grapeleaf skeletonizer)PresentToshova et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)PresentNedelchev et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrechicus nigricepsPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTremex fuscicornis (Tremex wasp)PresentPilarska et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Loginova (1990); Pasev et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuponia elegansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)AbsentOIE (2018); Velitchkov and Natchev (1973); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)Present, WidespreadNativeArcher (1998); Cetkovic (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)Present, LocalizedNativeIoakimov (1925); Tsankov and Ganchev (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZaprionus tuberculatusPresent, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (wood leopard moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak)PresentNativeWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentIntroducedMikhov (2000); Uzunova and Zlatanova (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedJennings (1988); Welcomme (1988); FishBase (2004); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Froese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedBirdLife International (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationCockrill (1977); Borghese (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius gibelio (Prussian carp)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChelon haematocheilusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClupeonella cultriventris (Black Sea kilka)PresentNativeWhitehead (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCoregonus albula (vendace)PresentIntroducedMikhov (2000); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedShireman and Smith (1983); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)Present, WidespreadNativeAlikhuni (1966); FAO (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe)PresentNativeMuus and Dahlström (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)AbsentFroese and Pauly (2004); FishBase (2005); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); Uzunova and Zlatanova (2007); Olenin et al. (2008); Hadjinikolova et al. (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Copp and Fox (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)Present, WidespreadNativeMitchell-Jones et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucaspius delineatus (sunbleak)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius fluviatilis (monkey goby)Present, LocalizedNativePinchuk et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius melanostomus (round goby)Present, WidespreadNativePinchuk et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNyctereutes procyonoides (raccoon dog)Present, WidespreadIntroducedLever (1985); Mitchell-Jones et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat)PresentIntroducedPeshev (1996); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon)Present, WidespreadIntroducedMarkov and Penev (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerccottus glenii (Amur sleeper)Present, LocalizedIntroducedJurajda et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)PresentIntroducedBirdLife International (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001); Froese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWelcomme (1988); Louette et al. (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)PresentNativeKottelat and Freyhof (2007); Blanc et al. (1971); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Elvira (2001); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentIntroducedBlanc et al. (1971); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Blanc et al. (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish)PresentNativeFroese R and Pauly D (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentNativeFishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeGolemanski et al. (2011); Bruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaDiadumene lineataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent)PresentKostova and Chikova (2011); Margaritov (1960)
EukaryotaMetazoaCtenophoraMnemiopsis leidyi (sea walnut)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Konsulov and Kamburska (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAeluropus littoralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAethusa cynapiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAnadara inaequivalvisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion vulgaris (Spanish slug)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveKerney et al. (1979); Wiktor (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)Present, LocalizedIntroducedIrikov and Eröss (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFauna Europea (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)PresentGeorgiev et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTrichkova et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)Present, WidespreadNativeJurinic (1906); Irikov and Eröss (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)PresentNativeHickman (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaNeptunea arthriticaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveKaneva-Abadjieva (1958); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTeredo navalis (naval shipworm)PresentRoch (1940)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguina tritici (wheat seed gall nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2002); Mohamedova and Piperkova (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)Present, LocalizedStoyanov (1979); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)PresentStoyanov (1975); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2013); Katalan-Gateva and Konstantinova-Milkova (1975); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Present, LocalizedStoyanov (1975); CABI and EPPO (2009); Samaliev and Mohamedova (2011); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDracunculus vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCABI/EPPO (2011); Trifonova (2003); Samaliev (2011); Seebens et al. (2017); Trayanov et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveTrifonova (2000); Voulkova and Trifonova (2009); CABI/EPPO (2011); Trayanov et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera tabacum (tobacco cyst nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm)PresentStoyanov (1977); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentStoyanov (1980); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne fallax (false Columbia root-knot nematode)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentStoyanov (1980); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, LocalizedStoyanov (1980); Shepherd and Barker (1990); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)Present, WidespreadKatalan-Gateva and Budurova (1979); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaPresentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)Present, LocalizedBrown and Taylor (1987); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentStoyanov (1974); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema vuitteneziPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentIntroducedPetkov (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusPresentOIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusPresentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum capillus-venerisPresentYovkova et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentIntroducedSourek (1958); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla mexicanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum palustrePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum ramosissimumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin and et al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia fucoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKonstantinov and Nikolova (1983); Milanova et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcalypha virginicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)Present, PlantedIntroducedTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)Present, PlantedNativeBencheva (2014); Pencheva and Yovkova (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)Present, PlantedIntroducedTomov et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea crithmifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea pannonicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea setaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAconitum variegatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaPresent, WidespreadNativeSlageren (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGreuter (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentNativeTutin (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis castellanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga chamaepitysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga reptans (carpet bugle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)PresentPencheva and Yovkova (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla xanthochloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium atropurpureumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium cyrilliPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium nigrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium oleraceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium paniculatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium ursinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)Present, PlantedNativeDoychev et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentYovkova et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentNativeFlora Europaea (2008); Gospodinov (1984); Milanova et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus rendleiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlthaea hirsutaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum alyssoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum argenteumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum hirsutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum simplexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum tortuosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentAellen and Akeroyd (1993);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus crispusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentAellen and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentPetrova (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Euro+Med (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier spicata (dwarf serviceberry)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase (2011); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (false indigo-bush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Euro+Med PlantBase (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentMoskova et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnchusa leptophyllaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnchusa stylosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnchusa thessalaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnchusa undulataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnemone halleriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnemone sylvestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentNativeHand (2011); DAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis altissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis austriacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis ruthenicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis tinctoriaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis triumfettiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthriscus caucalis (bur chervil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAquilegia vulgarisPresentYovkova et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArabis procurrensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium oxycedri (juniper dwarf mistletoe)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctium tomentosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia albaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia ponticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsarum europaeumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentYovkova et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias syriaca (common milkweed)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsperugo procumbensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsperula arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus albusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster squamatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus glycyphylloidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus hamosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus onobrychisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex hortensis (garden orache)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex micranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex oblongifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex sagittataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex tataricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAubrieta deltoideaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAurinia saxatilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)Present, LocalizedInvasiveGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena claudaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena erianthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)PresentMilanova et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)PresentNativeDelipavlov (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota nigraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia lanifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia prostrataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBeckmannia eruciformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerteroa incana (hoary alyssum)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBifora radiansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBifora testiculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBiserrula pelecinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBombycilaena erectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeGBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentNative and IntroducedKell (2011); Euro+Med (2018); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus arvensis (field brome)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus inermis (Awnless brome)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus lanceolatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus scopariusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus squarrosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBroussonetia papyrifera (paper mulberry)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Pencheva and Yovkova (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryonia alba (white bryony)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryonia creticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Yovkova et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBufonia paniculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias erucagoPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage)PresentIntroducedTutin (1993); Fitter and Peat (1994); Ancev (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum longifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum rotundifolium (hare's ear)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamintha grandifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamintha nepetaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalepina irregularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina alyssumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina microcarpa (smallseed falseflax)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina rumelicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina sativaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula patulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculoides (creeping bellflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculus (rampion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rotundifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentFAO (2009);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentNativePetrov (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella rubellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009); Kostova et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (wavy bittercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex acutiformis (Swamp sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex ovalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex pendula (hanging sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarthamus dentatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatapodium rigidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea depressaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed)PresentNativeInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea iberica (Iberian starthistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)PresentNativeInvasiveOchsmann (2001); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea virgata (squarrose knapweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurium maritimumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentranthus longiflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria syriacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria transylvanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium brachypetalumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium dubiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocarpus arenariusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum submersumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerinthe minorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum hirsutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaiturus marrubiastrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus albus (White Spanish Broom)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus hirsutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus ratisbonensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce nutansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium acuminatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Moskova et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium bonus-henricusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium botrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium chenopodioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium foliosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucum (Oak-leaved goosefoot)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium opulifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium pumilioPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium urbicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium vulvariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChorispora tenella (blue mustard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrozophora tinctoriaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum corymbosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum macrophyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCichorium endivia (endives)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1979); Milanova et al. (2007); Moskova et al. (2018); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis flammulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis integrifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis rectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1964); Petkova (1984); Pencheva and Yovkova (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis viticellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClinopodium vulgarePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClypeola jonthlaspiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColeostephus myconisPresentYovkova et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Milanova et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConringia orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConringia planisiliquaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Moskova et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida regalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Present, WidespreadStace (1972); Milanova et al. (2007); Moskova et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus betonicifoliusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus persicusPresentIntroducedCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCronquist (1976); Milanova et al. (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant)PresentYovkova et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorispermum marschalliiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronilla scorpioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronopus squamatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorrigiola litoralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorynephorus divaricatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster nigerPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2007); Doychev et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis capillaris (smooth hawksbeard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis zacinthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocus biflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocus tommasinianusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCruciata glabraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis alopecuroidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCucubalus bacciferPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Valentine (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentNativeValentine (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentNativeValentine (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta monogyna (eastern dodder)PresentNativevon Raab-Straube (2018); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta planifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta scandensPresentNativevon Raab-Straube (2018); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyclachaena xanthiifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbalaria muralis (Kenilworth ivy)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedTutin et al. (1980); Moskova et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeWilliams and Hunyadi (1987); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentNativeEPPO (2022); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus fuscusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus hamulosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus longusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus michelianusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)Presentde Filippes (1980); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)PresentNativeHeywood and Ball (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Tashev et al. (2013); Roskov et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDasypyrum villosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Moore (1972); Yovkova et al. (2013); Moskova et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus broteriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus carota (carrot)PresentMilanova et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus guttatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy)PresentYovkova et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus armeria (Deptford pink)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Yovkova et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichondra repensPresentYovkova et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis ferrugineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis lanata (Grecian foxglove)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1980); Moskova et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis tenuifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis vimineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus laciniatus (cutleaf teasel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDittrichia graveolens (stinkwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDorycnium pentaphyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEcballium elateriumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Stoimenova and Mikova (1992); Milanova et al. (2007); DAISIE (2014); Moskova et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinocystis lobata (wild cucumber)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasivePetrova et al. (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops exaltatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops sphaerocephalusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium italicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)Present, WidespreadNativeGibbs (1972); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRipka (2005); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus multiflora (cherry silverberry)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine tristachyaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Dandy (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus elongatus (tall wheatgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus hispidus (intermediate wheatgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Present, LocalizedKonstantinov and Nikolova (1983); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEranthis hyemalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron annuus (annual fleabane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)PresentYovkova et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriolobus trilobatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium ciconiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium hoefftianumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErophila vernaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum cuspidatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum diffusumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum repandumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptusPresentYovkova et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuclidium syriacumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus japonicus (Japanese spindle tree)PresentIntroducedFlora Europaea (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia agrariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia chamaesycePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia davidiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia falcataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia maculataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia myrsinitesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplus (petty spurge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia platyphyllosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia seguierianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphrasia strictaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcaria vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia baldschuanica (Russian vine)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Stoimenova et al. (1995); DAISIE (2015); Moskova et al. (2018); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia dumetorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)PresentIntroducedJalas and Suominen (1979); Beerling et al. (1994); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedSukopp and Starfinger (1995); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentNativeGrassWorld (2016); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFibigia clypeataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014); Pencheva and Yovkova (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilago arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilago minimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis bisumbellataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); DAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria viridisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria densifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria kralikiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria petteriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria schleicheriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria schrammiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria vaillantiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea minimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalanthus elwesiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis ladanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis speciosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis tetrahitPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Konstantinov and Nikolova (1983); Toskov and Dimitrova (2002); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentMoskova et al. (2018); Milanova et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium tricornutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGastridium ventricosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaudinia fragilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista sagittalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGentiana acaulisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGentiana luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium columbinum (longstalk cranesbill)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium dissectum (cutleaf geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium divaricatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium macrorrhizumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium molle (dovefoot geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium phaeumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pratensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium purpureumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pyrenaicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium rotundifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeum coccineumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGladiolus italicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlaucium flavumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2003); Yovkova et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlinus lotoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria fluitansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGoniolimon tataricumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Bobev et al. (2009); Bobev et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGratiola officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrindelia squarrosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila muralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); Missouri Botanical Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila perfoliataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHainardia cylindricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin (1968); Yovkova et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedypnois creticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009); Milanova et al. (2007); Shindrova (2010); Moskova et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pubescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium dolosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium suaveolensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium supinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis fulva (tawny daylily)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum sosnowskyi (Sosnowskyi's hogweed)PresentEPPO (2022); Vladimirov et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria glabraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHesperis matronalis (damesrocket)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose)PresentYovkova et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentStoimenova et al. (1995); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolosteum umbellatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum secalinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyacinthella leucophaeaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranaePresentNativeUSA, USDA-GRIN (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus albusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum androsaemumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum calycinum (Aaron's beard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balfouriiPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); ISSG (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula germanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentYovkova et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIva xanthiifolia (marsh-elder)Present, LocalizedIntroducedMilanova (1999); Milanova and Valkova (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum officinalePresentYovkova et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeKirschner (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKickxia commutataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKickxia elatinePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKickxia spuriaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKnautia arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKniphofia uvaria (redhot poker)PresentYovkova et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria macranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca salignaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca tataricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentYovkova et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagoecia cuminoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagurus ovatus (hare's tail)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium galeobdolon (yellow archangel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium hybridumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLappula barbataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLappula marginataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus annuusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus aphacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus grandiflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus hirsutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus inconspicuusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nigerPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nissoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus palustrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus pannonicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus setifoliusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus sphaericusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus vernusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLegousia pentagoniaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLegousia speculum-venerisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLens ervoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLens nigricansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeontice leontopetalumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeontopodium alpinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveRadev and Stefanov (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium graminifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); DAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium ruderalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium spinosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedStoyanov and Vladimirov (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus racemosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigularia sibiricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLilium martagonPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimonium platyphyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimosella aquaticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria chalepensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria genistifolia (broomleaf toadflax)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia dubiaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum perennePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum trigynumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLithospermum officinalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeFitter et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera maackii (Amur honeysuckle)PresentPencheva and Yovkova (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus angustissimusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus cytisoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus maritimusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia palustris (marsh seedbox)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus angustifolius (narrow-leaf lupin)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLychnis coronaria (rose campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysimachia atropurpureaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum borysthenicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum portulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum thymifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum virgatum (European wand loosestrife)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum volgensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalcolmia africana (Malcolm stock)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva alceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva neglecta (common mallow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva verticillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvella sherardianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatricaria perforata (false chamomile)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago coronataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago monspeliacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago orbicularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago orthocerasPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago praecoxPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago rigidulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago turbinataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentDAISIE (2017); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus guttatus (Monkeyflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMisopates orontiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoenchia erectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonarda didymaPresentYovkova et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMontia fontanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMontia sibiricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass)PresentNativeKumar (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)PresentPencheva and Yovkova (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuscari neglectum (starch grape hyacinth)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyagrum perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis ramosissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis strictaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosoton aquaticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNerium oleander (oleander)PresentYovkova et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeslia paniculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru)PresentMoore (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNigella arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera biennis (common evening primrose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera parvifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera strictaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnobrychis aequidentataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnobrychis caput-galliPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum bracteatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum illyricum (Illyrian thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia humifusaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia macrorhizaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrlaya daucorlayaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrlaya grandifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithogalum narbonensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithopus compressusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape)PresentChater and Webb (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape)PresentChater and Webb (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cumana (sunflower broomrape)PresentIntroducedPineda-Martos et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentNativeChater and Webb (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)PresentNativeChater and Webb (1972); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOtanthus maritimusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis articulataPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Valentine (1968); Q-bank (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxytropis pilosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver dubiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver hybridumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver pinnatifidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParietaria judaicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParietaria lusitanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGRIIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPericallis hybridaPresentYovkova et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeriploca graecaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria maculosa (redshank)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia dubia (hairypink)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia proliferaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia saxifragaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentTutin (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum hirsutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeKew (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhlomoides tuberosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1991); Yurukova and Kochev (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedPopova et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPicris hieracioides (hawkweed oxtongue)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPicris paucifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPicris sprengeranaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed)PresentNativeSell and West (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed)Present, LocalizedNativeSell and West (1976); Gottschlich (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)PresentNativeSell and West (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine)PresentYovkova et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago arenariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago bellardiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago patagonicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)PresentYovkova et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentEdmondson (1980); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa jubataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeISSG (2015); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentNativeEuro+Med Plantbase (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum subsp. diphyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenariumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)Present, WidespreadDechkov (1989); Holm et al. (1997); Moskova et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum cognatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019); Tutin and Et Al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)PresentTomov et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedKoleshev and Zhelev (1987); Moskova et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeEUNIS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton trichoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrimula elatiorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)Present, PlantedIntroducedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia distans (weeping alkali grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPulicaria dysentericaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPulicaria vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPyracantha coccinea (scarlet firethorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017); Bobev et al. (2004); Bobev et al. (2008); Pencheva and Yovkova (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus bulbosus (bulbous buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus ficaria (fig buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus flammulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus lateriflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus muricatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus sardousPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Moskova et al. (2018); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRapistrum perennePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda inodoraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda luteolaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhagadiolus stellatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhododendron ponticum (rhododendron)Present, WidespreadNativeBean (1976); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002); Yovkova et al. (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRochelia dispermaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoemeria hybridaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRorippa austriaca (Austrian fieldcress)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Yovkova et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2014); Royal Botanic Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRostraria cristataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRotala ramosiorPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex confertusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex conglomeratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentRechinger and Akeroyd (1993); Milanova et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex cristatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentNativeInvasiveRechinger and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex patientiaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex pseudoalpinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex scutatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex stenophyllus (narrowleaf dock)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex thyrsiflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina procumbensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria sagittifoliaPresentYurukova and Kochev (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix eleagnosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia aethiopis (Mediterranean sage)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia glutinosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia pinnataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia sclareaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia verticillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia viridisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScandix australisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScandix pecten-venerisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenoplectiella supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenoplectus litoralis subsp. thermalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenoplectus mucronatus (ricefield bulrush)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenus ferrugineusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScilla bifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScorpiurus muricatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia caninaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia scopoliiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecale sylvestrePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera securidacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)Present, WidespreadNativeHayek (1931); Stoianov and Stephanov (1948); Chater and Walters (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio sylvaticus (woodland groundsel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio viscosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresent, WidespreadNativeChater and Walters (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSeseli libanotisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSeseli tortuosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentClayton (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Moskova et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSherardia arvensis (field madder)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber)PresentIntroducedTzonev (2005); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSideritis montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene conicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene creticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dichotomaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dioicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene subconicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene vulgaris (bladder campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSinapis arvensis (wild mustard)PresentMilanova et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentIntroducedDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium polyceratiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisyrinchium montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSmyrnium perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolandra maximaPresentYovkova et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum americanumPresentMoskova et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum heterodoxumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum luteumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentHolm et al. (1997); Milanova et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade)PresentIntroducedEPPO (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentBobev et al. (2018); Bobev et al. (2014); Petrov (2015); Trayanov et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Present, WidespreadMoskova et al. (2018); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentKolev (1963); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus wightianus (perennial sowthistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHolm et al. (1991); Milanova et al. (2007); Seebens et al. (2017); Moskova et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentRatter and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula morisonii (Morison's spurry)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia rubraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpiraea chamaedryfolia (germander meadowsweet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017); Roskov et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus indicus (rat tail grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys creticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys rectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria cupanianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria gramineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentChater and Heywood (1972); Holm et al. (1977); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novi-belgii (New York aster)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedStojanov and Stefanov (1967)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine)PresentYovkova et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye)PresentNativeFrederiksen (1986); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedKuleff and Djingova (1984); Djingova and Kuleff (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium chamaedrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium poliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum aquilegiifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum lucidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum simplexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi alliaceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentNativeClapham (1972); Holm et al. (1997); USDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi kovatsiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymelaea gussoneiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymus pulegioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTordylium apulumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTorilis arvensis (spreading hedgeparsley)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTorilis japonica (Japanese hedgeparsley)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTorilis leptophyllaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTorilis ucranicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachomitum venetumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTragus racemosus (stalker bur grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentTutin (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium aureum (hop clover)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium diffusumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium echinatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium glomeratumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium hirtum (rose clover)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium lappaceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium ligusticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium mediumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium micranthumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium nigrescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium pallidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium pannonicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium patensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium phleoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium purpureumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium retusumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium scabrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium spadiceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium striatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium strictumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium suffocatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrigonella balansaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrigonella caeruleaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTripleurospermum disciformePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTripleurospermum tenuifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriticum monococcumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Yanashkov and Vatchev (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTropaeolum majus (common nasturtium)PresentYovkova et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurgenia latifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentYurukova and Kochev (1993); Chambers et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeCook (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); DAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica piluliferaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaValerianella coronataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaValerianella dentataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaValerianella rimosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVelezia rigidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass)PresentBioCASE (2015); IUCN (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica acinifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica beccabunga (European speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica catenataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica chamaedrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica cymbalariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica filiformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica fruticansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica fruticulosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica politaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica prostrataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica triphyllosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica vernaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia bithynicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia dumetorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia hybridaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia melanopsPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia onobrychioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia peregrinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia pisiformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia serratifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia tenuifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentNativeILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVinca major (Big periwinkle)PresentYovkova et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaViola suavisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex agnus-castus (chaste tree)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia unilateralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)PresentYovkova et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentCABI (Undated); Milanova et al. (2007); Moskova et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXeranthemum annuumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXeranthemum cylindraceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZygophyllum fabago (Syrian caper-bean)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium tamarensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium aureolumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium catenatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeShurulinkov and Golemansky (2003); Hellgren et al. (2007); Zehtindjiev et al. (2008)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Desquesnes et al. (2013); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); Aregawi et al. (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusArterivirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbluetongue virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine leukemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusPresentMonev (1994); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
VirusCucumber green mottle mosaic virusPresentNeshev (2008); CABI and EPPO (2015); Orfanidou et al. (2019); Orfanidou et al. (2019)
VirusCucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus (Cucurbit aphid-borne yellows)PresentXanthis et al. (2015)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusEggplant mottled dwarf virus (tomato vein yellowing virus)PresentEPPO (2022); Kostova et al. (2001); CABI and EPPO (2008)
VirusElm mottle virusPresentIntroducedCABI and EPPO (2004); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfluenza A virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentMarkov (1964); Blazhev and Shentov (1976); Kong and Steinbiss (1998); CABI and EPPO (2003)
Virusmyxoma virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
VirusNewcastle disease virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusNipah virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusPepino mosaic virusAbsent, Formerly presentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentCABI and EPPO (2009); Kostova et al. (2003)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2020)
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Present, WidespreadIntroducedRoy and Smith (1994); Kamenova and Borisova (2002); CABI and EPPO (2007); Dallot et al. (2008); Kamenova et al. (2011); Petrov and Stoev (2011); Borisova and Sotirov (2021); EPPO (2022)
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Absent, Formerly presentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusrabies virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (sugarcane mosaic)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTomato brown rugose fruit virus (Tomato brown rugose fruit virus)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022); EPPO (2021)
VirusTomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (tomato spotted wilt)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1978); Hristova et al. (2001); Kostova et al. (2003); Dikova (2012); Dikova et al. (2013); Dikova et al. (2016); Pasev et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusWest Nile virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)

List of Species CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

Top of page

The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
acarapisosis of honey beesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
African swine feverPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
American foul broodPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
anthraxAbsentOIE (2019); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); OIE (1997); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian adenoviruses infectionsPresent, WidespreadKharalampiev et al. (1984)
avian chlamydiosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian influenzaPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
babesiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Trifonov and Rusev (1989)
blacklegPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetonguePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Borrelia anserina infectionsPresentPopova (2008); Knowles et al. (1932); OIE Handistatus (2005)
botulismAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine adenoviruses infectionsPresent, WidespreadHaralambiev and Azev (1969)
bovine anaplasmosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine babesiosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine herpesvirus 2 infectionPresentMartin et al. (1987)
bovine parainfluenza 3 infectionPresent, LocalizedKosarov et al. (1998)
bovine parvovirus infectionPresentBostandjieva et al. (1997)
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infectionPresentKharalambiev et al. (1984)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine tuberculosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2009); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine viral diarrhoeaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)AbsentOIE (2019); Milanov et al. (1986); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
caseous lymphadenitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentVodas and Elitsina (1986)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
classical swine feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Clostridium septicum bacteraemiaPresentKokosharov (1992)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious agalactiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsentOIE (2018); Monev (1994); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Denman island diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dermatophilosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Derzsy's diseasePresentAlexandrov et al. (1995)
dourineAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
duck virus hepatitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EchinococcusPresentOIE (2009)
Echinococcus granulosusPresentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Echinococcus multilocularisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine coital exanthemaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine infectious anaemiaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
equine influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine piroplasmosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine viral arteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Escherichia coli infectionsPresentSimeonov et al. (1981)
European foul broodAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
fowl choleraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowl typhoidAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
glandersAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious bursal diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (1998); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
leishmaniosisAbsentOIE (2019); Harizanov et al. (2013); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
leptospirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
listeriosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
lyme borreliosisPresent, WidespreadAngelov et al. (1990)
Marek's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); OIE (2000)
myxomatosisAbsentOIE (2019); Dinev (2012); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2018); Kujumgiev (1964); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
peste des petits ruminantsPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeShurulinkov and Golemansky (2003); Hellgren et al. (2007); Zehtindjiev et al. (2008)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine parvovirus infectionPresentPeev et al. (1990)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
pullorum diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)Enchev et al. (1958); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rabiesAbsentOIE (2019); Valtchovski (1995); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rinderpestAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultryPresent, LocalizedIgnatov et al. (1987); Dimitrova et al. (1988); Khalacheva et al. (1988)
scrapieAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
sheep and goat poxAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (1996); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
small hive beetle infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Staphylococcus aureus infectionsPresent, WidespreadTyagunenko et al. (1999)
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in poultryPresentMinev and Mineva (1971); Ilieva et al. (1987)
surraAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Desquesnes et al. (2013); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); Aregawi et al. (2019); OIE (2019)
swine influenzaPresentMilve et al. (1981)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Theileria annulata infectionsPresentPavlov (1949); Pavlov (1957)
theileriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); CABI (Undated)
TrichinellaPresentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
trypanosomosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
tuberculosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019)
tularaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); Padeshki et al. (2010); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
varroosis of honey beesAbsentOIE (2019); Velitchkov and Natchev (1973); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaPresentOIE (2009)
visna/maediAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
West Nile feverPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018)
whirling diseasePresentKostova and Chikova (2011); Margaritov (1960)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

Top of page
Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
Almonds, with shellArea harvested1,0101,090944987574
Production quantity7201,290713841424
Yield7,129 Fc11,835 Fc7,553 Fc8,521 Fc7,387 Fc
ApplesArea harvested4,1403,9803,9734,1114,765
Production quantity43,62050,30044,92744,75558,419
Yield105,362 Fc126,382 Fc113,081 Fc108,866 Fc122,600 Fc
ApricotsArea harvested2,9102,5502,8982,5542,481
Production quantity20,24013,59022,54215,50314,179
Yield69,553 Fc53,294 Fc77,785 Fc60,701 Fc57,150 Fc
ArtichokesArea harvested280170
Production quantity180290
Yield6,429 Fc17,059 Fc
AvocadosArea harvested
Production quantity
BananasArea harvested
Production quantity
BarleyArea harvested112,030103,570128,365159,830175,957
Production quantity563,150448,700595,237689,850697,863
Yield50,268 Fc43,323 Fc46,371 Fc43,161 Fc39,661 Fc
Beans, greenArea harvested230190216708361
Production quantity1,1701,7701,2444,6712,323
Yield50,870 Fc93,158 Fc57,593 Fc65,975 Fc64,349 Fc
Berries nesArea harvested860290230 Im229 Im230 Im
Production quantity1,680790284 Im285 Im285 Im
Yield19,535 Fc27,241 Fc12,348 Fc12,445 Fc12,391 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea harvested1,5901,880117735
Production quantity1,8602,480811135
Yield11,698 Fc13,191 Fc7,273 Fc14,416 Fc10,000 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested1,7701,9601,6922,8751,873
Production quantity46,56047,24041,81775,65042,447
Yield263,051 Fc241,020 Fc247,145 Fc263,130 Fc226,626 Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea harvested1,0901,5201,179422364
Production quantity20,41025,65023,9677,6988,520
Yield187,248 Fc168,750 Fc203,282 Fc182,417 Fc234,066 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea harvested230160138145236
Production quantity3,7902,5901,9802,1252,587
Yield164,783 Fc161,875 Fc143,478 Fc146,552 Fc109,619 Fc
Cereals nesArea harvested3,6302,880936737490
Production quantity6,4106,1101,9021,5361,102
Yield17,658 Fc21,215 Fc20,321 Fc20,841 Fc22,490 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested1,927,560 A1,817,770 A1,729,267 A1,816,636 A1,835,350 A
Production quantity11,130,990 A10,109,850 A9,475,846 A8,752,219 A8,570,299 A
Yield57,747 Fc55,617 Fc54,797 Fc48,178 Fc46,696 Fc
CherriesArea harvested10,84010,0508,9898,4638,055
Production quantity54,96055,31048,39138,49649,423
Yield50,701 Fc55,035 Fc53,834 Fc45,487 Fc61,357 Fc
Cherries, sourArea harvested1,3301,1801,0741,1371,207
Production quantity5,1504,7904,1063,5463,425
Yield38,722 Fc40,593 Fc38,231 Fc31,187 Fc28,376 Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea harvested3,2202,9503,2723,5774,114
Production quantity63,98051,96054,54472,03067,819
Yield198,696 Fc176,136 Fc166,699 Fc201,370 Fc164,849 Fc
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvestedAA
Production quantityAA
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea harvested2,0501,3407525431,004
Production quantity72,97074,35054,39866,65350,335
Yield355,951 Fc554,851 Fc723,378 Fc1,227,495 Fc501,345 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area harvested390440481311487
Production quantity11,18011,26011,9087,9059,933
Yield286,667 Fc255,909 Fc247,568 Fc254,180 Fc203,963 Fc
Fibre Crops PrimaryArea harvested1,010 AA4,845 A4,531 A2,211 A
Production quantity1,480 AA92 A94 A91 A
Yield14,653 Fc190 Fc207 Fc412 Fc
FigsArea harvested10
Production quantity20
Yield20,000 Fc
Flax fibre and towArea harvested40 Im41 Im40 Im
Production quantity92 Im94 Im91 Im
Yield23,000 Fc22,927 Fc22,750 Fc
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested72,260 A70,910 A75,611 A77,133 A77,811 A
Production quantity531,850 A543,570 A538,958 A503,682 A543,918 A
Yield73,602 Fc76,656 Fc71,280 Fc65,300 Fc69,902 Fc
Fruit, citrus nesArea harvested
Production quantity
Fruit, pome nesArea harvested4080
Production quantity210470
Yield52,500 Fc58,750 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea harvested
Production quantity
GarlicArea harvested510420182
Production quantity2,2201,770185939
Yield43,529 Fc42,143 Fc180,000 Fc73,750 Fc195,000 Fc
Grain, mixedArea harvested
Production quantity
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area harvested
Production quantity
GrapesArea harvested30,05031,32034,11136,55138,712
Production quantity178,530195,470201,529211,083261,820
Yield59,411 Fc62,411 Fc59,080 Fc57,750 Fc67,633 Fc
Hazelnuts, with shellArea harvested1,270800590544496
Production quantity430390313223361
Yield3,386 Fc4,875 Fc5,305 Fc4,099 Fc7,278 Fc
Hemp tow wasteArea harvested1,010MMM
Production quantity1,480MMM
Yield14,653 Fc
HopsArea harvested68 Im75 Im76 Im
Production quantity125 Im141 Im137 Im
Yield18,382 Fc18,800 Fc18,026 Fc
Kiwi fruitArea harvested1018 Im15 Im18 Im
Production quantity30132 Im113 Im132 Im
Yield30,000 Fc73,333 Fc75,333 Fc73,333 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegetablesArea harvested60100
Production quantity8802,280
Yield146,667 Fc228,000 Fc
Lemons and limesArea harvested
Production quantity
Lettuce and chicoryArea harvested230240116100 Im176
Production quantity4,0705,3405,1792,4252,533
Yield176,957 Fc222,500 Fc446,466 Fc242,500 Fc143,920 Fc
LinseedArea harvested100148161 Im168 Im
Production quantity80181164 Im166 Im
Yield8,000 Fc12,230 Fc10,186 Fc9,881 Fc
LupinsArea harvested260
Production quantity580
Yield22,308 Fc
MaizeArea harvested560,910444,620398,152406,942498,644
Production quantity4,059,7903,522,5002,562,5692,226,0942,696,923
Yield72,379 Fc79,225 Fc64,362 Fc54,703 Fc54,085 Fc
Melons, other (inc.cantaloupes)Area harvested2,4502,770
Production quantity23,43026,600
Yield95,633 Fc96,029 Fc
OatsArea harvested12,15011,34013,26615,32311,076
Production quantity31,51025,01031,84931,37221,694
Yield25,934 Fc22,055 Fc24,008 Fc20,474 Fc19,586 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested976,110 A980,790 A1,086,735 A1,028,788 A1,037,396 A
Production quantity2,381,580 A2,426,470 A2,566,387 A2,418,739 A2,173,824 A
Yield24,399 Fc24,740 Fc23,616 Fc23,511 Fc20,955 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested976,110 A980,790 A1,086,735 A1,028,788 A1,037,396 A
Production quantity1,178,549 A1,204,066 A1,274,761 A1,209,732 A1,090,435 A
Yield12,074 Fc12,276 Fc11,730 Fc11,759 Fc10,511 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested976,110 A980,790 A1,086,735 A1,028,788 A1,037,396 A
Production quantity961,258 A979,022 A1,031,394 A969,585 A867,847 A
Yield9,848 Fc9,982 Fc9,491 Fc9,425 Fc8,366 Fc
Oilseeds nesArea harvested5,5207,0905,04015,73814,362
Production quantity4,3105,0903,44010,7618,359
Yield7,808 Fc7,179 Fc6,825 Fc6,838 Fc5,820 Fc
OlivesArea harvested
Production quantity
Onions, dryArea harvested2,6303,6802,0801,3651,074
Production quantity31,38041,80023,49914,9218,926
Yield119,316 Fc113,587 Fc112,976 Fc109,311 Fc83,110 Fc
OrangesArea harvested
Production quantity
Peaches and nectarinesArea harvested3,2203,5303,8933,8163,711
Production quantity33,87028,88034,57230,43235,334
Yield105,186 Fc81,813 Fc88,806 Fc79,748 Fc95,214 Fc
PearsArea harvested700570449410528
Production quantity5,4303,3602,8401,9922,953
Yield77,571 Fc58,947 Fc63,252 Fc48,585 Fc55,928 Fc
Peas, dryArea harvested15,86030,78046,59818,7019,252
Production quantity40,05055,150133,25347,40320,496
Yield25,252 Fc17,917 Fc28,596 Fc25,348 Fc22,153 Fc
Peas, greenArea harvested9204807661,8741,064
Production quantity4,6201,7105,5187,3953,400
Yield50,217 Fc35,625 Fc72,037 Fc39,461 Fc31,955 Fc
Plums and sloesArea harvested8,0207,3606,8156,7056,827
Production quantity56,19056,43049,19448,63036,176
Yield70,062 Fc76,671 Fc72,185 Fc72,528 Fc52,990 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested9,29014,10012,8068,37611,018
Production quantity197,410261,690227,815127,182164,866
Yield212,497 Fc185,596 Fc177,897 Fc151,841 Fc149,633 Fc
Pulses nesArea harvested14,05063,520107 Im95 Im85 Im
Production quantity17,79064,460245 Im218 Im194 Im
Yield12,662 Fc10,148 Fc22,897 Fc22,947 Fc22,824 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested31,500 A96,440 A84,955 A30,901 A17,618 A
Production quantity59,700 A122,670 A205,332 A63,941 A30,591 A
Yield18,952 Fc12,720 Fc24,170 Fc20,692 Fc17,363 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea harvested1,3501,6802,11711,7612,442
Production quantity12,46026,32022,367132,93725,199
Yield92,296 Fc156,667 Fc105,654 Fc113,032 Fc103,190 Fc
RapeseedArea harvested151,170182,620160,650171,511170,421
Production quantity432,490472,590478,987509,251422,092
Yield28,610 Fc25,878 Fc29,816 Fc29,692 Fc24,768 Fc
RaspberriesArea harvested2,1902,1001,8631,8331,522
Production quantity7,1307,4507,4768,3986,845
Yield32,557 Fc35,476 Fc40,129 Fc45,816 Fc44,974 Fc
Rice, paddyArea harvested11,82011,00010,43411,98812,410
Production quantity70,92060,72058,52364,77367,684
Yield60,000 Fc55,200 Fc56,089 Fc54,032 Fc54,540 Fc
Rice, paddy (rice milled equivalent)Production quantity47,304 Fc40,500 Fc39,035 Fc43,204 Fc45,145 Fc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested9,290 A14,100 A12,806 A8,376 A11,018 A
Production quantity197,410 A261,690 A227,815 A127,182 A164,866 A
Yield212,497 Fc185,596 Fc177,897 Fc151,841 Fc149,633 Fc
RyeArea harvested6,1008,3208,2377,4686,304
Production quantity12,18014,08017,30415,17811,210
Yield19,967 Fc16,923 Fc21,008 Fc20,324 Fc17,782 Fc
SorghumArea harvested7,0408,8604,2383,2866,821
Production quantity23,22037,01012,2197,70517,041
Yield32,983 Fc41,772 Fc28,832 Fc23,448 Fc24,983 Fc
SoybeansArea harvested3,8602,32011,53014,16234,468
Production quantity7,5704,73020,00018,30140,281
Yield19,611 Fc20,388 Fc17,346 Fc12,923 Fc11,686 Fc
SpinachArea harvested90130669649
Production quantity5803303741,060464
Yield64,444 Fc25,385 Fc56,667 Fc110,417 Fc94,694 Fc
StrawberriesArea harvested710730655670759
Production quantity4,5704,8305,3595,1504,999
Yield64,366 Fc66,164 Fc81,817 Fc76,866 Fc65,863 Fc
Sugar beetArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvestedAAAAA
Production quantityAAAAA
Sunflower seedArea harvested815,560788,660898,844817,511810,841
Production quantity1,937,2101,943,9802,056,9871,873,6771,699,228
Yield23,753 Fc24,649 Fc22,885 Fc22,919 Fc20,956 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clementines, satsumasArea harvested
Production quantity
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvested3,5405,8107,7219,96313,360
Production quantity6,4808,64013,04015,21123,480
Yield18,305 Fc14,871 Fc16,889 Fc15,267 Fc17,575 Fc
TomatoesArea harvested5,1504,5204,3763,6133,275
Production quantity145,010148,080158,762141,367121,646
Yield281,573 Fc327,611 Fc362,802 Fc391,273 Fc371,438 Fc
Treenuts, TotalArea harvested8,640 A8,070 A7,586 A8,827 A7,149 A
Production quantity5,990 A6,800 A5,849 A7,334 A5,724 A
Yield6,933 Fc8,426 Fc7,710 Fc8,309 Fc8,007 Fc
TriticaleArea harvested15,20015,17018,66016,09612,714
Production quantity44,18041,20059,14049,26538,402
Yield29,066 Fc27,159 Fc31,693 Fc30,607 Fc30,204 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested21,150 A20,990 A24,499 A35,017 A25,164 A
Production quantity428,410 A449,490 A466,773 A594,031 A391,847 A
Yield202,558 Fc214,145 Fc190,527 Fc169,641 Fc155,717 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested9509904,6294,9115,830
Production quantity6,9505,63041,96336,83225,140
Yield73,158 Fc56,869 Fc90,652 Fc74,999 Fc43,122 Fc
Vegetables, leguminous nesArea harvested310 Im266 Im295 Im
Production quantity1,770 Im1,513 Im1,713 Im
Yield57,097 Fc56,880 Fc58,068 Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea harvested6,3606,1805,0476,2805,055
Production quantity4,8405,1203,5494,9593,627
Yield7,610 Fc8,285 Fc7,032 Fc7,896 Fc7,175 Fc
WatermelonsArea harvested4,7804,3204,8204,7383,217
Production quantity96,79095,000108,14185,65159,960
Yield202,490 Fc219,907 Fc224,359 Fc180,775 Fc186,385 Fc
WheatArea harvested1,198,6801,212,0101,144,5191,192,5901,105,916
Production quantity6,319,6305,954,5206,132,6715,662,7215,011,597
Yield52,722 Fc49,129 Fc53,583 Fc47,483 Fc45,316 Fc
BlueberriesArea harvested3013 Im13 Im13 Im
Production quantity10099 Im99 Im97 Im
Yield33,333 Fc76,154 Fc76,154 Fc74,615 Fc
CurrantsArea harvested50ImIm1 Im
Production quantity200ImImIm
Yield40,000 FcFc
Fruit, stone nesArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Mushrooms and trufflesArea harvested20
Production quantity1,1201,1501,4732,520
Yield560,000 Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corianderArea harvested20,21734,89835,342
Production quantity23,71239,63039,509
Yield11,729 Fc11,356 Fc11,179 Fc
AsparagusArea harvested1,096 Im1,127 Im1,281 Im
Production quantity6,715 Im6,838 Im7,766 Im
Yield61,268 Fc60,674 Fc60,625 Fc
Beans, dryArea harvested2,7492,4103,314
Production quantity2,5022,6143,262
Yield9,101 Fc10,846 Fc9,843 Fc
BuckwheatArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Castor oil seedArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
ChestnutArea harvested124 Im127 Im113 Im
Production quantity503 Im502 Im453 Im
Yield40,565 Fc39,528 Fc40,088 Fc
Chick peasArea harvested22,5644,7222,466
Production quantity32,3836,0653,100
Yield14,352 Fc12,844 Fc12,571 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea harvested356 Im335 Im320 Im
Production quantity1,266 Im1,275 Im1,349 Im
Yield35,562 Fc38,060 Fc42,156 Fc
CranberriesArea harvested69 Im70 Im73 Im
Production quantity86 Im87 Im89 Im
Yield12,464 Fc12,429 Fc12,192 Fc
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvested5,651 Im5,738 Im5,609 Im
Production quantity8,830 Im9,062 Im9,284 Im
Yield15,626 Fc15,793 Fc16,552 Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea harvested443356 Im222
Production quantity751677 Im469
Yield16,953 Fc19,017 Fc21,126 Fc
HempseedArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
LentilsArea harvested4,4713,8531,449
Production quantity5,9206,0741,860
Yield13,241 Fc15,764 Fc12,836 Fc
Maize, greenArea harvested491574484
Production quantity4,1564,8752,801
Yield84,644 Fc84,930 Fc57,872 Fc
MelonseedArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
MilletArea harvested2,4602,3765,018
Production quantity4,4323,7256,783
Yield18,016 Fc15,678 Fc13,517 Fc
Mustard seedArea harvested4,403 Im4,018 Im3,856 Im
Production quantity1,050 Im1,051 Im1,080 Im
Yield2,385 Fc2,616 Fc2,801 Fc
Nuts nesArea harvested881 Im889 Im911 Im
Production quantity771 Im809 Im859 Im
Yield8,751 Fc9,100 Fc9,429 Fc
Onions, shallots, greenArea harvested721 Im741 Im753 Im
Production quantity5,444 Im5,604 Im5,736 Im
Yield75,506 Fc75,628 Fc76,175 Fc
PeppermintArea harvested34 Im71 Im44 Im
Production quantity124 Im263 Im163 Im
Yield36,471 Fc37,042 Fc37,045 Fc
Poppy seedArea harvested872 Im841 Im887 Im
Production quantity608 Im606 Im591 Im
Yield6,972 Fc7,206 Fc6,663 Fc
QuincesArea harvested90 F80 F83
Production quantity450 F400 F498
Yield50,000 Fc50,000 Fc60,000 Fc
Roots and tubers nesArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Seed cottonArea harvested4,8054,4902,171
Production quantity4,3834,2511,558
Yield9,122 Fc9,468 Fc7,176 Fc
Sesame seedArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Spices nesArea harvested320 Im334 Im375 Im
Production quantity828 Im829 Im824 Im
Yield25,875 Fc24,820 Fc21,973 Fc
VetchesArea harvested8,4551,0431,017
Production quantity31,0211,4561,644
Yield36,690 Fc13,960 Fc16,165 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
F = FAO estimate
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

Top of page
Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea5,030 Q5,030 Q5,021 Q5,012 W4,977 W
AgricultureArea5,030 Fc5,030 Fc5,021 Fc5,012 Fc4,977 Fc
Agriculture area certified organicArea84 Q48 Q36 Q96 Q21 Q
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area129 Q137 Q161 Q119 Q74 Q
Arable landArea3,478 Q3,489 Q3,496 Q3,510 Q3,486 Q
Coastal watersArea636 Q
Coastal waters used for aquac. or holding facilitiesArea10 Q
Coastal waters used for capture fisheriesArea607 Q
Country areaArea11,100 Q11,100 Q11,100 Q11,100 Q11,100 Q
CroplandArea3,631 Q3,637 Q3,637 Q3,643 Q3,613 Q
Cropland area certified organicArea64 Q35 Q30 Q68 Fc
Cropland area under organic agric.Area95 Q97 Q122 Q87 Fc
Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)Area4,200 Q
Forest landArea3,867 Q3,854 Q3,841 Q3,833 Q3,814 Fm
Inland watersArea239 Fm239 Fm239 Fm239 Fm239 Fm
Inland waters used for aquac. or holding facilitiesArea8 Q
Inland waters used for capture fisheriesArea20 Q
Land areaArea10,856 Fm10,856 Fm10,856 Fm10,856 Fm10,856 Fm
Land area equipped for irrigationArea136 Fm136 Fm136 W129 Fm122 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea1,399 Q1,392 Q1,384 Q1,369 Q1,364 Q
Land under permanent cropsArea153 Q148 Q141 Q134 Q127 Q
Land under temp. meadows and pasturesArea119 Q118 Q109 Q95 Q88 Q
Land under temporary cropsArea3,209 Q3,211 Q3,195 Q3,180 Q3,306 Q
Land used for aquacultureArea1 Q
Land with temporary fallowArea150 Q160 Q192 Q235 Q92 Q
Naturally regenerating forestArea3,070 Q3,047 Q3,024 Q3,009 Q2,991 Fm
Other landArea1,959 Fc1,972 Fc1,994 Fc2,011 Fc2,065 Fc
Perm. meadows & pastures area certified organicArea20 Q13 Q6 Q28 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures area under organic agric.Area34 Q40 Q39 Q32 Q
Planted ForestArea797 Q807 Q817 Q824 Q823 Fm
Primary ForestArea597 Fm597 Fm597 Fm597 Fm
Agriculture area actually irrigatedArea93 Q
Cropland area actually irrigatedArea91 Q
Cropland area under conservation tillageArea1,337 Q
Cropland area under conventional tillageArea1,791 Q
Cropland area under zero or no tillageArea5 Q
Farm buildings & farmyardsArea16 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures area actually irrig.Area2 Q
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.