Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Bangladesh

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Datasheet

Bangladesh

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 163,046,161 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 1,940 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 316,235.04 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 302,571.25 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 12.68 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
Tetraodon fluviatilis (green-spotted puffer fish)PresentNativeRahman (1989)
yellow head virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma trifolii (clover proliferation phytoplasma)PresentSiddique et al. (2001); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaeAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginalePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiPresentJilani et al. (2016)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Hepatobacter penaeiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)PresentBové (2006); CABI/EPPO (2017); Tipu et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)PresentEPPO (2019); Catling et al. (1978)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022); EPPO (2021)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (1999)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaVibrio parahaemolyticusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Present, LocalizedBradbury (1986); Lan Bui Thi Ngoc et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola (bacterial leaf streak of rice)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces invadansAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora philippinensis (Philippine downy mildew of maize)PresentIntroducedFaruq et al. (2014)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentHossain et al. (2009)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentRazia Sultana and Shamim Shamsi (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria triticina (leaf blight of wheat)PresentNativeRashid et al. (1985); Ahmed et al. (1994)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2015); Mostert et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (Fusarium wilt)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMagnaporthe oryzae Triticum pathotype (wheat blast)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveIslam et al. (2016); Islam et al. (2019); Nabila Yesmin et al. (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella gibsonii (needle blight of pine)PresentIvory (1994); UK, CAB International (1994); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentMasuduzzaman et al. (2008); CABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentMian and Fakir (1989); Mathur et al. (2004); Khokon et al. (2005)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus)PresentOno (2000); Zaman (1982); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentBromfield and Pennypacker (1980); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, Few occurrencesRazzaque and Hossain (1980)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaSporisorium sacchari (Asian sugarcane smut)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentAlam and Ahmad (1975); APPPC (1987); Islam et al. (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); APPPC (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentEPPO (2022); Rashid et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma variegatum (tropical bont tick)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentAPPPC (1987); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale)PresentNHM (1927)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983); APPPC (1987); Uddin et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentAPPPC (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentAPPPC (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera carambolae (carambola fruit fly)PresentEPPO (2022); Leblanc et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera correcta (guava fruit fly)PresentLeblanc et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)Present, WidespreadInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2003); Virgilio et al. (2010); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveZahan (2012); CABI/EPPO (2013); Leblanc et al. (2013); Leblanc et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera latifrons (Solanum fruit fly)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera tauPresentAkhtaruzzaman et al. (1999); Kabir et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly)Present, Few occurrencesNativeKapoor (1993); CABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentNHM (1984); Kajita and Alam (1996); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); Hu Jian et al. (2015); Jahan et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid)Present, WidespreadKabir (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil)Present, WidespreadKabir (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer)PresentUK, CAB International (1989); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer)PresentNativeInvasiveUK, CAB International (1977); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentCatling and Islam (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)PresentJames (1947); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccidohystrix insolita (eggplant mealybug)PresentVeilleux et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentMaula et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadInvasiveArif-ul-Hasan et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); Ahmad and Hossain (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)PresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)PresentKosztarab (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)PresentNativePansa et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1972); Ben-Dov (1994); Williams (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErthesina fullo (yellow-spotted stink bug)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea piceusPresentNativeBeeson (1930)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1966); APPPC (1987); Williams (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGreenidea ficicolaPresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1993); Musa et al. (1999); Hossain et al. (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentFAO (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNHM (1980)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdioscopus clypealis (mango leafhopper)Present, WidespreadViraktamath (1989); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza chinensisPresentSantosh Mazumdar and Bhuiya (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)PresentSantosh Mazumdar and Bhuiya (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLycorma delicatula (spotted lanternfly)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria mathura (pink gypsy moth)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveBrowne (1968); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentNativeWilliams (2004); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn)PresentNativeNew (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedAPPPC (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); APPPC (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1970); APPPC (1987); Ohno and Alam (1992); Uddin et al. (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)APPPC (1987); CABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentWilliams (2004); CABI and EPPO (2005); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle)Present, WidespreadAPPPC (1987); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentMills (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOxycarenus hyalinipennis (cotton, seed bug)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail)Present, WidespreadBingham (1907); APPPC (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)PresentIntroducedMuniappan et al. (2009); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)Present, WidespreadAPPPC (1987); UK, CAB International (1990); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)PresentNativeHolthuis (1980); Dore and Frimodt (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)PresentIntroducedIsmail et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea absoluta (tomato leafminer)PresentIntroducedHossain et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Present, WidespreadAPPPC (1987); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentUK, CAB International (1986); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentUllah and Parveen (1993); CABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)Present, WidespreadKarim (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentKabir (1979); UK, CAB International (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRastrococcus invadens (fruit tree mealybug)Present, LocalizedWilliams (1986); CABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)Present, WidespreadTabibullah and Ahmad (1976); APPPC (1987); CABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)Present, WidespreadTaylor and Halliday (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)PresentNativeCABI and EPPO (2010); Biswas (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedon aenescens (snail-killing fly)PresentYano (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid)PresentNativeNHM (1979); Blackman and Eastop (2000); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentHowlander and Matin (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentBaksha (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentFAO (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)Present, WidespreadInvasiveUK, CAB International (1993); Tithi et al. (2010); Islam et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)PresentAlam (1962); Alam (1975); Amin et al. (2015); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentWetterer (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentMir (1990); International Institute of Entomology (1996); Dutta et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)PresentBhatti (1980); Palmer (1992); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); CABI and EPPO (1998); Saha et al. (2007); Rashid et al. (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentCABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrirachys holosericeus (apple stem borer)PresentNativeGahan (1906)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); Marin (1978); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus glabratus (redbay ambrosia beetle)PresentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentNativeBeeson (1930); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similisPresentNativeBeeson (1930); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); FishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAxis axis (Indian spotted deer)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationBorghese (2005); Cockrill (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCallosciurus erythraeus (Pallas's squirrel)PresentNativeIUCN (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChanna marulius (bullseye snakehead)PresentNativeCourtenay and Williams (2004); Froese R and Pauly D (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias batrachus (walking catfish)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentIntroducedInvasiveWelcomme (1988); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)Present, WidespreadNativeAli and Ripley (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)AbsentShireman and Smith (1983); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Barua et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDicrurus macrocercusPresent, WidespreadNativeGrimmett et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDuttaphrynus melanostictus (Asian common toad)PresentNativeDijk et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko)Present, WidespreadNativeThe Reptile Database (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes auropunctatus (small Indian mongoose)PresentNativeIUCN (2016); Prater (1965); Corbet and Hill (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); FishBase (2005); Seebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypostomus plecostomus (suckermouth catfish)PresentNativeBartley (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeiothrix lutea (red-billed leiothrix)Present, WidespreadNativeeBird (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)Present, WidespreadNativeAllen (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacaca fascicularis (crab-eating macaque)PresentNativeJiang et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacaca mulatta (rhesus macaque)PresentNativeTimmins et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur)PresentIntroducedDIAS (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Pullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Pullin et al. (1997); Barua et al. (2001); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPangasianodon hypophthalmus (sutchi catfish)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Barua et al. (2001); Islam et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula eupatria (Alexandrine parakeet)Present, Widespread, Confirmed present by surveyNativeForshaw (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)Present, WidespreadNativeJuniper and Parr (2003); BirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterygoplichthys multiradiatus (Orinoco sailfin catfish)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterygoplichthys pardalis (Amazon sailfin catfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered bulbul)Present, WidespreadNativeBirdLife International (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPython bivittatus (Burmese python)Present, WidespreadNativeSmith (1943); Kock and Schröder (1981); Das (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus exulans (Pacific rat)PresentPosamentier (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus tanezumi (Asian house rat)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSuncus murinus (Asian house shrew)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMead (1979); Jahan and Raut (1994); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Ranamukhaarachchi and Wickramasinghe (2006); Wu and Xie (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)Present, WidespreadTimm (1955); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus angustus (rice stem nematode)Present, WidespreadButler (1913); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentSher (1966); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentChoudhury (1981); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode)PresentPage et al. (1979); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadShepherd and Barker (1990); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusPresentOIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusPresentOIE (2020); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesGyrodactylus salarisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentNativeGuiry and Guiry (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAngiopteris evecta (king fern)PresentHaque et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern)Present, LocalizedNativeEPPO (2022); Shahjahan et al. (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDiplazium esculentum (vegetable fern)PresentNativeBadola (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern)PresentNativePrain (1903); Uddin et al. (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMacrothelypteris torresiana (swordfern)PresentMirza (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern)PresentGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia)PresentIntroducedHadiuzzaman Khondker (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeSilva et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeSilva et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus esculentus (okra)PresentMazed et al. (2016); Mohammad et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus moschatus (musk mallow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentHanif et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveIslam (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBrown (2000); Haysom and Murphy (2003); Krisnawati et al. (2011); Aguiar Júnior et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)Present, PlantedNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia polyacantha (hook thorn)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcrocarpus fraxinifolius (shingle tree)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGISD (2016); Salma Hossain and Zuberi (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia chinensis (Chinese albizia)Present, PlantedNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)Present, PlantedNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentCook et al. (2005); Orwa et al. (2009); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris)PresentNativeParotta and Roshetko (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentIntroducedKrisnawati et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia cucullata (Chinese taro)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2017); Begum et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)PresentNativeGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIslam et al. (2003); Shaheen et al. (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1991); Rahman and Gulshana (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus cruentus (red amaranth)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGrubben (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Kumar et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAponogeton undulatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAreca catechu (betelnut palm)Present, PlantedCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenga pinnata (sugar palm)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Islam et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentNativeGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus heterophyllus (jackfruit)Present, PlantedRahman et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBiswas et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)Present, PlantedNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa longispiculata (mahal bamboo)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa tuldoides (punting pole bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)PresentPFAF (2017); WCSP (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentNativeOrwa et al. (2009); Contu (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentSudha et al. (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBlyxa aubertii (roundfruit blyxa)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa bladhii (Caucasian bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentSantosh Mazumdar and Bhuiya (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentSantosh Mazumdar and Bhuiya (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa subsp. oleifera (turnip rape)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja asiatica (dog tail)PresentNativeLi and Leeuwenberg (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentNativeInvasivePIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia catharticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia gladiata (sword bean)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (wavy bittercress)PresentIntroducedISSG (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCascabela thevetia (yellow oleander)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)Present, PlantedFAO (2014); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002); Chowdhury et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeIslam et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCheilocostus speciosus (crepe ginger )PresentNativeGovaerts (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris gayana (Rhodes grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGautier (1992); Rezaul Karim (2013); Salma Hossain and Zuberi (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon aciculatus (golden false beardgrass)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon zizanioides (vetiver)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon)Present, PlantedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus quadrangularis (treebine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus verticillata (possum grape vine)PresentIntroducedPOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum paniculatum (pagoda flower)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum wallichii (Wallich's glorybower)PresentNativeDeori et al. (2013); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2016); ILDIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedChan and Elevitch (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentNativeAhmed (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentNativeGovaerts (2012); Wang et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1977); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant)PresentHinkle (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentNativeILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea hyssopifolia (false heather)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedRahmatullah et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedKhan and Halim (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta reflexa (dodder)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2016); Ashrafuzzaman et al. (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)PresenteMonocot (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon plectostachyus (African stargrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentMoody (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissooPresentNativeILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDerris elliptica (tuba root)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium caricosum (nadi blue grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentMoody (1989); Clayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria fuscescens (yellow crab grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentNativeGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)Present, WidespreadKarim et al. (1999); Clayton et al. (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedMoody (1989); Holm et al. (1991); USDA-ARS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGopal (1987); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine)PresentNativeGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis ciliaris (gophertail lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis unioloides (Chinese lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOrwa et al. (2009); Islam (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia milii (crown-of-thorns)PresentIntroducedPOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia neriifolia (Indian spurge tree)PresentNativeGovaerts (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tithymaloides (devil's backbone)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia trigona (African milk weed)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia umbellata (African milk bush)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGovaerts (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood)Present, PlantedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)PresentFlora of Pakistan (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)PresentNativeFlora of Pakistan (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)PresentIRRI (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia)PresentNativeILDIS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalphimia gracilis (goldshower)PresentIntroducedPOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGardenia jasminoides (cape jasmine)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)PresentIntroducedIndia Biodiversity Portal (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2014); Ahmed (2008); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentRahman and Yosuf (1997); Govaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium gardnerianum (kahili ginger)PresentNativeKew (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliconia bihai (macaw flower)PresentIntroducedSultana and Hassan (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHevea brasiliensis (rubber)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHiptage benghalensis (hiptage)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Present, LocalizedPieterse (1981); Cook (1996); Govaerts (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila difformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila polysperma (Indian swampweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis brevipes (lesser roundweed)PresentIntroducedBhuiyan et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)Present, LocalizedNativeHolm et al. (1979); Garrity et al. (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeBisby et al. (1994); USDA-ARS (2013); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (white moonflower )PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentGunn and Ritchie (1982); Mamun et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea cairica (five-fingered morning glory)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea hederifolia (scarlet-creeper )PresentIntroducedStaples (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea nil (white edge morning-glory)PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1979); Clayton et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine)PresentNativePasha and Uddin (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum sambac (Arabian jasmine)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLablab purpureus (hyacinth bean)PresentProva et al. (2014); Santosh Mazumdar and Bhuiya (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentIntroducedPFAF (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIslam et al. (2001); Salma Hossain and Zuberi (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentMajid et al. (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresent, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBarua et al. (2001); ILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum robustum subsp. walkeri (Sri Lankan privet)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentNativeLansdown (2011); Moody (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLitsea glutinosa (Indian laurel)PresentNativeChowdhury et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveShaheen et al. (2006); Moody (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentMoody (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa acutangula (angled luffa)PresentRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus penduliflorus (Turk's cap mallow)PresentIntroducedPOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedIUCN (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaranta arundinacea (arrowroot)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)Present, PlantedNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentNativeStaples (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveAkter and Zuberi (2009); Salma Hossain and Zuberi (2013); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania scandensAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Ghani (2003); Uddin et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveAkbar (1968); Holm et al. (1977); Moody (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentNativeScholz (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria hastata (hastate-leaved pondweed)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); India Biodiversity Portal (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria vaginalis (pickerel weed)PresentIRRI (1989); Rahman (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass)PresentNativeKumar (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry)PresentNativeGovaerts (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentNativeILDIS (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1977); Galinato et al. (1999); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentMoody (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf)PresentNativeMahbubur (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeyraudia reynaudiana (burma reed)PresentNativeBarbhuiya and Gogoi (2010); Hooker (1897)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea lotus (white Egyptian lotus)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNypa fruticans (nipa palm)Present, WidespreadNativeFaizuddin et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum (African basil)PresentNativeWCSP (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia corymbosa (flat-top mille graines)PresentGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1979); Moody (1989); Doi et al. (2000); Zhu et al. (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine)Present, LocalizedNativePuff (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMahadevappa (1997); Salma Hossain and Zuberi (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePradhan and Chettri (1987); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeltophorum pterocarpum (copperpod)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria maculosa (redshank)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria perfoliata (mile-a-minute weed)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid)PresentNativeeMonocot (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)PresentSamunder Singh (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveMoody (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentIntroducedFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAfrin et al. (2010); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea indica (Indian camphorweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)PresentHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)Present, PlantedCABI (2005); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002); FAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane)PresentHolm et al. (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria sagittifoliaPresentMoniruzzaman et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus canadensis (American black elderberry)PresentIntroducedPOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenoplectus mucronatus (ricefield bulrush)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentCock and Evans (1984)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania cannabina (corkwood tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentKhatun (1987); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle)PresentHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade)PresentIntroducedEPPO (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium (sticky nightshade)PresentIntroducedPOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1991); Bari et al. (2010); Rahman et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)Present, PlantedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid)PresentNativeGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphenoclea zeylanica (wedgewort)PresentMoody (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Rasheduzzaman Chowdhury et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStictocardia tiliifolia (spottedheart)PresentNativeSmithsonian Museum of Natural History (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga densiflora (witchweed)PresentZuberi et al. (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)Presentvan Lingen (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia rosea (pink poui)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabernaemontana divaricataPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentRahman et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarindus indica (tamarind)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedUlloa (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentNativeILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)PresentOrwa et al. (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda quadrivalvis (grader grass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia erecta (bush clockvine)PresentIntroducedPOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)PresentNativeHua and Edmonds (2008); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToxicodendron succedaneum (wax tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentNativeUSA, The Bayscience Foundation Inc. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentRahman et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Akter and Zuberi (2009); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena sinuata (bur mallow)PresentNativeValkenburg and Bunyapraphatsara (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex rotundifolia (beach vitex)PresentNativeMunir (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex trifoliaPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXyris complanata (yellow-eyed grass)PresentNativeRao and Bhat (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber montanum (cassumunar ginger)PresentNativeInvasiveChowdhury and Ullah (1995); Rahman et al. (2010); Govaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2016); Rahman and Yusuf (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber zerumbet (shampoo ginger)PresentNativeGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaProtistaParamyxeaMarteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia exitiosaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia ostreaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus olseniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsentOIE (2020); Misra et al. (2016); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusavian metapneumovirusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine leukemia virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusPresentCABI and EPPO (2010)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusepizootic haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusHaliotid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusinfectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusinfectious myonecrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusinfectious salmon anemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusMacrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusmyxoma virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
VirusNewcastle disease virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNipah virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentAkanda et al. (1991); CABI and EPPO (2003)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrabies virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusred sea bream iridovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (sugarcane mosaic)PresentISSCT (1989); EPPO (2022)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusTomato leaf curl New Delhi virus (Tomato New Delhi virus)PresentNativeMaruthi et al. (2005); Punam Kumari et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2022)
VirusTomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (tomato spotted wilt)PresentFarooq and Akanda (2007)
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)PresentRashid et al. (2008); EPPO (2022)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWest Nile virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWhite spot syndrome virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
abalone viral ganglioneuritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
acarapisosis of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
acute hepatopancreatic necrosis diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Aeromonas infection in fishPresentOIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
American foul broodAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
anthraxPresentOIE (2020); Halilov (1997); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian chlamydiosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian influenzaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian leukosis sarcoma virus infectionsPresent, WidespreadCABI (Undated)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)PresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
babesiosisPresentOIE (2009); Samad et al. (1988); Ghimire (1989)
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
bluetongueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bonamiosis (Bonamia exitiosa)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
bonamiosis (Bonamia ostreae)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine babesiosisPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BP virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
buffalopoxPresentDumbell and Richardson (1993)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)Dance (1991)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationPresentJames (1947); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
ChytridiomycosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
classical swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious agalactiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsentOIE (2019); Lefèvre (1991); Laak (1992); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious ecthymaAbsent, No presence record(s)Nooruddin and Barik (1989)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
crayfish plagueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultryPresentShahid et al. (1987); Bhattacharya et al. (1997); Rashidul Haque et al. (2003)
dourineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
duck virus hepatitisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EchinococcusPresentOIE (2009)
Echinococcus granulosusPresentOIE (2020); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Echinococcus multilocularisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection)PresentCABI (Undated)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic ulcerative syndromeAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020); CABI (Undated)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine piroplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine viral arteritisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
European foul broodAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
fowl choleraPresentOIE (2009)
fowl typhoidPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
glandersAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infection with Marteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
infection with Perkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
infection with Perkinsus olseniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Infection with salmonid alphavirusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious coryzaPresentKhatun et al. (2016)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious myonecrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
infectious salmon anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Japanese encephalitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
koi herpesvirus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
leishmaniosisPresentAlam et al. (2013); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
leptospirosisPresentOIE (2009)
lumpy skin diseasePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Marek's diseasePresentOIE (2009)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
myxomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
necrotizing hepatopancreatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Nipah virus infectionAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
paratuberculosisPresentWhittington et al. (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
Pasteurella multocida infectionsPresent, WidespreadRhoades and Rimler (1987); Ahmed (1996)
peste des petits ruminantsPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
pullorum diseasePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Q feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rabiesAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Ranavirus infection in amphibiansAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Riemerella anatipestifer infectionPresentMustafa et al. (1985)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rinderpestAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020); CABI (Undated)
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultryPresent, WidespreadNativeSamad and Ahmed (1990); Selim et al. (1991); Talukder et al. (2003)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
sheep and goat poxPresentOIE (2020); Kitching et al. (1987); Nooruddin et al. (1987); OIE (1997); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
small hive beetle infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
spherical baculovirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
spring viraemia of carpAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Staphylococcus aureus infectionsPresent, WidespreadAlam et al. (1995)
surraPresentMisra et al. (2016); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Taura syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Theileria annulata infectionsPresentSamad et al. (1983); Welte (1994)
theileriosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
TrichinellaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
trichomonosisPresentOIE (2009)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
trypanosomosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tuberculosisPresentOIE (2020); Samad and Rahman (1986); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
varroosis of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); Marin (1978); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
white spot diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
white tail diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Xenohaliotis californiensis infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
yellow head diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
Anise, badian, fennel, corianderArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Areca nutsArea harvested386,957 Im270,358 Im291,210 Im238,760238,760
Production quantity316,715215,783246,863214,000218,000
Yield8,185 Fc7,981 Fc8,477 Fc8,963 Fc9,131 Fc
BananasArea harvested48,85049,12348,64447,43246,714
Production quantity833,309810,347807,104798,012777,427
Yield170,585 Fc164,963 Fc165,921 Fc168,243 Fc166,423 Fc
BarleyArea harvested191301329356348
Production quantity157244287317307
Yield8,220 Fc8,106 Fc8,723 Fc8,904 Fc8,822 Fc
Bastfibres, otherArea harvested8,037 Im6,658 Im5,655 Im4,888 Im4,321 Im
Production quantity2,660 Im2,666 Im2,672 Im2,678 Im2,735 Im
Yield3,310 Fc4,004 Fc4,725 Fc5,479 Fc6,330 Fc
Beans, dryArea harvested87,38081,72083,02083,02077,840
Production quantity76,22475,53273,97072,10566,137
Yield8,723 Fc9,243 Fc8,910 Fc8,685 Fc8,497 Fc
Beans, greenArea harvested20,87320,59420,88020,21119,907
Production quantity144,050134,860137,495128,676122,091
Yield69,013 Fc65,485 Fc65,850 Fc63,666 Fc61,331 Fc
Berries nesArea harvested1,931 Im1,9901,9901,8702,160
Production quantity27,32926,79627,06527,72728,956
Yield141,528 Fc134,653 Fc136,005 Fc148,273 Fc134,056 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested19,18218,54618,48617,94419,718
Production quantity331,020321,719311,650295,744258,608
Yield172,568 Fc173,471 Fc168,587 Fc164,815 Fc131,153 Fc
Canary seedArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Cashew nuts, with shellArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Castor oil seedArea harvested364 Im366 Im368 Im370 Im376 Im
Production quantity254 Im256 Im257 Im258 Im264 Im
Yield6,978 Fc6,995 Fc6,984 Fc6,973 Fc7,021 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea harvested20,18119,45919,71819,33119,544
Production quantity284,327274,297277,500268,484268,480
Yield140,888 Fc140,962 Fc140,734 Fc138,888 Fc137,372 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested12,302,025 A12,274,921 A12,430,005 A11,793,602 A12,156,367 A
Production quantity59,181,920 A58,811,617 A58,495,624 A54,262,297 A55,438,379 A
Yield48,107 Fc47,912 Fc47,060 Fc46,010 Fc45,604 Fc
Chick peasArea harvested4,8125,0275,9176,0837,072
Production quantity5,3474,9646,2376,3826,672
Yield11,112 Fc9,875 Fc10,541 Fc10,492 Fc9,434 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea harvested96,800101,072103,380101,97292,167
Production quantity149,473141,177136,872130,260123,207
Yield15,441 Fc13,968 Fc13,240 Fc12,774 Fc13,368 Fc
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvested38,060 A35,151 A38,018 A33,217 A38,152 A
Production quantity165,327 A160,615 A161,270 A155,936 A156,898 A
Yield43,439 Fc45,693 Fc42,419 Fc46,945 Fc41,124 Fc
CoconutsArea harvested36,483 Im43,000 *43,000 *43,000 *43,000 *
Production quantity431,596466,975408,635374,269383,833
Yield118,301 Fc108,599 Fc95,031 Fc87,039 Fc89,263 Fc
CoirProduction quantity9,964 Im10,040 Im10,131 Im10,277 Im10,270 Im
Area harvested
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea harvested15,37415,28715,13814,56914,094
Production quantity119,136112,974121,254109,47599,927
Yield77,492 Fc73,902 Fc80,099 Fc75,142 Fc70,900 Fc
Fibre crops nesArea harvested2,062 Im2,040 Im2,018 Im1,998 Im2,032 Im
Production quantity384 Im389 Im394 Im400 Im398 Im
Yield1,862 Fc1,907 Fc1,952 Fc2,002 Fc1,959 Fc
Fibre Crops PrimaryArea harvested783,685 A804,374 A779,165 A701,905 A701,248 A
Production quantity1,603,518 A1,616,817 A1,499,282 A1,347,078 A1,402,133 A
Yield20,461 Fc20,100 Fc19,242 Fc19,192 Fc19,995 Fc
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested468,674 A389,619 A395,402 A374,027 A444,275 A
Production quantity4,896,712 A4,857,392 A4,975,874 A4,730,184 A4,516,921 A
Yield104,480 Fc124,670 Fc125,843 Fc126,466 Fc101,669 Fc
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvested83,470 Im83,989 Im84,353 Im80,869 Im77,725 Im
Production quantity661,823 Im649,596 Im636,000594,000550,000
Yield79,289 Fc77,343 Fc75,397 Fc73,452 Fc70,762 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea harvested102,405 Im105,277 Im109,112 Im106,902 Im101,654 Im
Production quantity1,009,494 Im1,038,0001,076,0001,050,0001,031,000
Yield98,579 Fc98,597 Fc98,614 Fc98,221 Fc101,422 Fc
GarlicArea harvested71,73471,41166,25960,77657,049
Production quantity466,389461,970425,401381,851345,725
Yield65,016 Fc64,692 Fc64,203 Fc62,829 Fc60,601 Fc
GingerArea harvested9,6109,6099,3079,47310,216
Production quantity80,23479,43877,47877,29083,004
Yield83,490 Fc82,670 Fc83,247 Fc81,590 Fc81,249 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area harvested12,6589,192 Im7,7708,1009,000
Production quantity72,11068,13765,56066,47063,223
Yield56,968 Fc74,126 Fc84,376 Fc82,062 Fc70,248 Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea harvested35,26038,04336,90335,71231,753
Production quantity62,83266,82866,06062,26456,713
Yield17,820 Fc17,566 Fc17,901 Fc17,435 Fc17,861 Fc
Hemp tow wasteArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
JuteArea harvested749,658758,218737,770677,678677,575
Production quantity1,600,4741,613,7621,496,2161,344,0001,399,000
Yield21,349 Fc21,284 Fc20,280 Fc19,832 Fc20,647 Fc
Lemons and limesArea harvested21,144 Im21,868 Im25,78020,23424,200
Production quantity67,07767,07769,13265,24868,721
Yield31,724 Fc30,674 Fc26,816 Fc32,247 Fc28,397 Fc
LentilsArea harvested142,418155,963154,746154,515145,492
Production quantity175,384176,633168,837158,228167,261
Yield12,315 Fc11,325 Fc10,911 Fc10,240 Fc11,496 Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea harvested7,285 Im7,5637,5337,2337,062
Production quantity38,490 Im41,00344,41240,09739,429
Yield52,835 Fc54,215 Fc58,957 Fc55,436 Fc55,833 Fc
LinseedArea harvested5,2845,6335,3656,5617,009
Production quantity3,6414,4644,1654,4754,865
Yield6,891 Fc7,925 Fc7,763 Fc6,821 Fc6,941 Fc
MaizeArea harvested445,099400,478389,878334,974325,308
Production quantity3,569,3213,288,1023,025,3922,445,5762,271,998
Yield80,192 Fc82,104 Fc77,598 Fc73,008 Fc69,841 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea harvested134,35448,94746,32341,390116,297
Production quantity1,456,3311,407,3081,517,6911,375,9931,220,616
Yield108,395 Fc287,517 Fc327,632 Fc332,446 Fc104,957 Fc
Melons, other (inc.cantaloupes)Area harvested14,70715,37911,73611,05111,740
Production quantity228,960267,694254,000249,605274,000
Yield155,681 Fc174,065 Fc216,428 Fc225,866 Fc233,390 Fc
MilletArea harvested9,755 Im7,856 Im9,37612,56512,581
Production quantity9,200 Im7,811 Im10,38015,25012,510
Yield9,431 Fc9,943 Fc11,071 Fc12,137 Fc9,944 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested469,314 A530,523 A557,525 A513,859 A511,788 A
Production quantity1,035,436 A1,156,149 A1,093,810 A994,506 A991,655 A
Yield22,063 Fc21,793 Fc19,619 Fc19,354 Fc19,376 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested468,950 A530,157 A557,157 A513,489 A511,412 A
Production quantity378,595 A415,525 A411,423 A385,835 A381,157 A
Yield8,073 Fc7,838 Fc7,384 Fc7,514 Fc7,453 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested469,314 A530,523 A557,525 A513,859 A511,788 A
Production quantity237,086 A262,623 A257,022 A245,714 A243,562 A
Yield5,052 Fc4,950 Fc4,610 Fc4,782 Fc4,759 Fc
Oilseeds nesArea harvested1,2901,5101,3861,6231,333
Production quantity1,9752,5311,9132,2292,148
Yield15,310 Fc16,762 Fc13,802 Fc13,734 Fc16,114 Fc
Onions, dryArea harvested172,456178,506185,735177,492169,609
Production quantity1,802,8681,737,7141,866,5021,735,3341,704,402
Yield104,541 Fc97,348 Fc100,493 Fc97,770 Fc100,490 Fc
OrangesArea harvested685498 Im427434440
Production quantity3,3933,3153,3723,2183,954
Yield49,533 Fc66,566 Fc78,970 Fc74,147 Fc89,864 Fc
PapayasArea harvested18,73224,152 Im29,70027,01725,597
Production quantity135,809131,598134,647130,371133,370
Yield72,501 Fc54,487 Fc45,336 Fc48,255 Fc52,104 Fc
Peas, dryArea harvested7,0977,18116,52916,29414,747
Production quantity7,4398,13918,41518,56216,939
Yield10,482 Fc11,334 Fc11,141 Fc11,392 Fc11,486 Fc
Pigeon peasArea harvested465464516538575
Production quantity468465552566603
Yield10,065 Fc10,022 Fc10,698 Fc10,520 Fc10,487 Fc
PineapplesArea harvested14,89214,26014,35913,56113,632
Production quantity217,439208,401211,833200,701197,518
Yield146,011 Fc146,144 Fc147,526 Fc147,999 Fc144,893 Fc
Plantains and othersArea harvested11,27311,35111,16710,71810,604
Production quantity160,891157,037150,264147,839147,136
Yield142,722 Fc138,346 Fc134,561 Fc137,935 Fc138,755 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested468,395477,419499,725475,488471,013
Production quantity9,655,0829,744,41210,215,9579,474,0999,254,285
Yield206,131 Fc204,106 Fc204,432 Fc199,250 Fc196,476 Fc
Pulses nesArea harvested111,980104,208112,097113,478112,348
Production quantity128,565114,775119,000122,408120,714
Yield11,481 Fc11,014 Fc10,616 Fc10,787 Fc10,745 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested354,152 A354,563 A372,825 A373,928 A358,074 A
Production quantity393,427 A380,508 A387,011 A378,251 A378,326 A
Yield11,109 Fc10,732 Fc10,381 Fc10,116 Fc10,566 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea harvested58,37856,58257,40428,62528,327
Production quantity634,951600,141594,682290,835278,392
Yield108,765 Fc106,066 Fc103,596 Fc101,602 Fc98,278 Fc
RapeseedArea harvested270,018307,504336,393318,633324,908
Production quantity311,740351,537362,860361,909359,452
Yield11,545 Fc11,432 Fc10,787 Fc11,358 Fc11,063 Fc
Rice, paddyArea harvested11,516,55311,515,00011,615,00011,000,80911,381,221
Production quantity54,586,34454,416,00054,148,00050,452,86651,805,464
Yield47,398 Fc47,257 Fc46,619 Fc45,863 Fc45,518 Fc
Rice, paddy (rice milled equivalent)Production quantity36,409,091 Fc36,295,472 Fc36,116,716 Fc33,652,062 Fc34,554,244 Fc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested491,409 A501,394 A525,475 A500,374 A496,273 A
Production quantity9,890,963 A9,991,228 A10,478,659 A9,733,471 A9,508,918 A
Yield201,278 Fc199,269 Fc199,413 Fc194,524 Fc191,607 Fc
Rubber, naturalArea harvested226,935 Im223,955 Im209,031 Im187,138 Im183,491 Im
Production quantity22,800 F22,500 *21,000 *18,800 *18,400 *
Yield1,005 Fc1,005 Fc1,005 Fc1,005 Fc1,003 Fc
Seed cottonArea harvested23,928 Im37,458 Im33,722 Im17,341 *17,320 *
Production quantity81,000 F130,000 F119,000 F60,000 *57,120 *
Yield33,852 Fc34,706 Fc35,289 Fc34,600 Fc32,979 Fc
Sesame seedArea harvested34,20637,56737,51840,32038,205
Production quantity31,61334,85933,99936,92135,764
Yield9,242 Fc9,279 Fc9,062 Fc9,157 Fc9,361 Fc
SorghumArea harvested7973839395
Production quantity878792102100
Yield11,013 Fc11,918 Fc11,084 Fc10,968 Fc10,526 Fc
SoybeansArea harvested62,48159,44262,87050,29947,884
Production quantity110,78598,69996,92192,18191,496
Yield17,731 Fc16,604 Fc15,416 Fc18,327 Fc19,108 Fc
Spices nesArea harvested52,13346,53847,33246,08342,087
Production quantity173,851173,079168,000162,000151,000
Yield33,348 Fc37,191 Fc35,494 Fc35,154 Fc35,878 Fc
SpinachArea harvested9,5809,2578,7448,7228,237
Production quantity57,61655,60966,29250,55546,394
Yield60,142 Fc60,072 Fc75,814 Fc57,963 Fc56,324 Fc
Sugar caneArea harvested81,06290,15692,06098,357104,263
Production quantity3,141,9233,638,7313,862,7754,207,5924,434,070
Yield387,595 Fc403,604 Fc419,593 Fc427,788 Fc425,277 Fc
Sugar crops nesArea harvested9,019 Im11,682 Im11,126 Im11,78013,840
Production quantity214,941272,072258,777272,094300,938
Yield238,320 Fc232,898 Fc232,588 Fc230,980 Fc217,441 Fc
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvested90,081 A101,838 A103,186 A110,137 A118,103 A
Production quantity3,356,864 A3,910,803 A4,121,552 A4,479,686 A4,735,008 A
Yield372,650 Fc384,022 Fc399,429 Fc406,738 Fc400,922 Fc
Sweet potatoesArea harvested23,01423,97525,75024,88625,260
Production quantity235,881246,816262,702259,372254,633
Yield102,495 Fc102,947 Fc102,020 Fc104,224 Fc100,805 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clementines, satsumasArea harvested3,573 Im3,593 Im4,041 Im4,449 Im4,512 F
Production quantity22,747 Im22,08623,20621,00021,000
Yield63,664 Fc61,470 Fc57,426 Fc47,202 Fc46,543 Fc
TeaArea harvested54,00167,04353,85660,05960,424
Production quantity90,68578,15081,85064,50066,101
Yield16,793 Fc11,657 Fc15,198 Fc10,739 Fc10,940 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvested59,64042,45845,72946,47251,547
Production quantity128,59789,01391,57387,62894,221
Yield21,562 Fc20,965 Fc20,025 Fc18,856 Fc18,279 Fc
TomatoesArea harvested28,20528,13027,66627,34230,594
Production quantity387,653385,038388,725368,121413,610
Yield137,441 Fc136,878 Fc140,506 Fc134,636 Fc135,193 Fc
Treenuts, TotalArea harvestedAAAAA
Production quantityAAAAA
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested651,132 A616,749 A616,549 A572,895 A566,771 A
Production quantity6,300,864 A5,759,325 A5,823,913 A5,204,172 A5,058,058 A
Yield96,768 Fc93,382 Fc94,460 Fc90,840 Fc89,243 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested227,884191,414188,986190,650192,630
Production quantity2,034,3641,634,0001,590,0001,535,0001,481,000
Yield89,272 Fc85,365 Fc84,133 Fc80,514 Fc76,883 Fc
WheatArea harvested330,348351,213415,339444,805436,814
Production quantity1,016,8111,099,3731,311,4731,348,1861,348,000
Yield30,780 Fc31,302 Fc31,576 Fc30,310 Fc30,860 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
* = Unofficial figure
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
F = FAO estimate
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea9,202 Fm9,187 Fm9,194 Fm9,162 Fm9,099 Fm
AgricultureArea9,202 Fc9,187 Fc9,194 Fc9,162 Fc9,099 Fc
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area1 I8 I7 I7 I7 I
Arable landArea7,772 Fm7,757 Fm7,764 Fm7,732 Fm7,669 Fm
Country areaArea14,757 Q14,798 Q14,763 Fm14,763 Fm14,763 Q
CroplandArea8,602 W8,587 Q8,594 Q8,562 Q8,499 Q
Forest landArea1,883 Q1,883 Q1,883 Q1,883 Q1,884 Fm
Inland watersArea1,740 Fm1,781 Fm1,746 Fm1,746 Fm1,746 Fm
Inland waters used for aquac. or holding facilitiesArea798 Q834 Q796 W789 W
Land areaArea13,017 Fm13,017 Fm13,017 Fm13,017 Fm13,017 Fm
Land area equipped for irrigationArea5,550 Fm5,550 Fm5,500 Fm5,500 Fm5,500 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea600 Fm600 Fm600 Fm600 Fm600 Fm
Land under permanent cropsArea830 Fm830 Fm830 Fm830 Fm830 Fm
Land used for aquacultureArea808 Q1,116 Q
Land with temporary fallowArea367 Q402 Q408 Q422 Q376 Q
Naturally regenerating forestArea1,725 Q1,725 Q1,725 Q1,725 Q1,744 Fm
Other landArea1,931 Fc1,946 Fc1,939 Fc1,971 Fc2,034 Fc
Planted ForestArea158 Q158 Q158 Q158 Q141 Fm
Agriculture area actually irrigatedArea5,527 Fc5,490 Fc5,448 Fc5,402 Fc
Cropland area actually irrigatedArea5,527 Q5,490 Q5,448 Q5,402 Q
Primary ForestArea411 Fm411 Fm411 Q416 Fm
Agriculture area certified organicArea
Cropland area certified organicArea
Cropland area under organic agric.Area
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc.
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.