Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Austria

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Datasheet

Austria

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 8,877,067 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 51,460 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 456,779.63 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 445,075.39 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 1.09 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Absent, EradicatedBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter sepedonicus (potato ring rot)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma)Present, Few occurrencesRiedle-Bauer et al. (2008); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine flavescence doree phytoplasma (flavescence dorée of grapevine)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation)Present, LocalizedNémeth (1986); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Machado et al. (2001); Seemüller and Schneider (2004); CABI and EPPO (2010)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)Present, Few occurrencesNémeth (1986); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrenneria salicis (watermark)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Bradbury (1986); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveKeck (1994); Keck et al. (1997); Keck et al. (2006); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaAbsentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)Present, LocalizedInvasiveBradbury (1986); UK, CAB International (1987)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (bacterial canker of kiwifruit)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. aesculi (chestnut bleeding canker)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella dublinPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella enteritidisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumPresentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylophilus ampelinus (bacterial blight of grapevine)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022); Bradbury (1986)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciPresentIntroducedInvasiveAnon (1879); Pöckl and Pekny (2002)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces invadansAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronospora belbahrii (basil downy mildew)PresentInvasiveHafellner (2006)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora alni species complex (alder Phytophthora)PresentInvasiveBrasier et al. (2004); CABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentEPPO (2009); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (Sudden Oak Death (SOD))Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara angustiterminalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentBedlan (1989); Richardson (1990); David (2000)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose)PresentPhillips and Burdekin (1992); Toti et al. (1992); Halmschlager et al. (1993)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaArthrocladiella mougeotiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentSýkora et al. (1995); CABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis platani (canker stain of plane)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast)PresentNativeMinter (1994)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiaporthe eres (apple leaf, branch and fruit fungus)PresentDhanushka Udayanga et al. (2014); Gomes et al. (2013)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymascella thujina (cedar leaf blight)PresentIntroducedInvasivePardatscher (1977)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaEntoleuca mammataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe magnicellulataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe paeoniaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe vanbruntianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease)PresentUK, CAB International (1989); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHymenoscyphus fraxineus (ash dieback)Present, WidespreadInvasiveHalmschlager and Kirisits (2008); BPI (US National Fungus Collections) (2009); Kirisits et al. (2009); CABI/EPPO (2013); Baral and Bemmann (2014); Kirisits (2015); Kirisits and Schwanda (2015); Kräutler et al. (2015); Schwanda and Kirisits (2016); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaKabatiella zeae (eyespot)PresentBohm and Glaeser (1976); Zwatz (1986); UK, CAB International (1993)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)Present, LocalizedBrandstetter and Cech (1999); CABI and EPPO (2010); Hintsteiner et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentBarnes et al. (2008); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBrasier and Kirk (2001)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhoma tracheiphila (mal secco)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentBraun (1995)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentTobisch (1938); Punithalingham and Waterston (1970); Herb IMI (undated); Sutton (undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaStigmina thujinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresentNativeBreitenbach and Kranzlin (1988)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust)PresentNativeTubeuf (1893); Jaap (1908); Crane (2001); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1983); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaEntyloma gaillardianumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumPresent, WidespreadNativeCapretti et al. (1998)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)Present, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1980); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion parviporumPresent, WidespreadNativeCapretti et al. (1998)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMelampsoridium hiratsukanum (alder rust)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Hantula et al. (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, WidespreadZwatz (1984)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia komaroviiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUromyces limoniiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUromyces silphiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)PresentSztatecsny and Glaser (2011); Sztatecsny (2008)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Absent, EradicatedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentNativeGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentInvasiveGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentEPPO (2022); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth)Present, WidespreadSwatonek (1968); Petersen and Gaedike (1985); CABI and EPPO (2007); Huemer (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcronicta acerisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrotona pseudoteneraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops fuchsiae (Fuchsia gall mite)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid)Present, WidespreadNativeEichhorn (1969); Schremmer (1956); CABI/EPPO (2012); Toenshoff et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleochara puberulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAlocentron curvirostrePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAlphitophagus bifasciatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle)Absent, EradicatedIPPC (2013); CABI and EPPO (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); IPPC (2021); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthocoris butleriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthrenus caucasicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthrenus festivusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthrenus olgaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraephagaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis melliferaPresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAproceros leucopoda (elm zigzag sawfly)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Blank et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAraschnia levanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArgiope bruennichiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArgyresthia trifasciataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArgyrotaenia ljungianaPresentLichtenberger (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArmadillidium nasatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArocatus longicepsPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidapion validumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtomaria lewisiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtyaephyra desmarestiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactericera cockerelli (tomato/potato psyllid)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBaeocrara japonicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBellardia trixago (bellardia)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Present, LocalizedBlümel (1990); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)de Barro (1995); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBisnius parcusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBohemiellina flavipennisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeRasmont et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrachypterolus vestitusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchus signaticornisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBythotrephes longimanus (spiny waterflea)Present, WidespreadNativeKetelaars and Gille (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePuchberger (1990); Tomiczek (1997); Stolz (2000); CABI and EPPO (2003); Grabenweger (2004); Péré et al. (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpelimus zealandicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus pilosellusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus quadrisignatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercyon laminatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerobasis annulataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil)Present, WidespreadColonnelli (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChaetogammarus ischnusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChelicorophium curvispinum (Caspian mud shrimp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChionaspis pinifoliae (pine leaf scale)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)Present, Few occurrencesKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysolina coerulansPresentFauna Europaea (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentKlausnitzer (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaColeophora deauratella (red clover casebearer)PresentFauna Europaea (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaColeophora spiraeellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaColeosoma floridanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaContarinia quinquenotata (Hemerocallis gall midge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMaceljski (1986); CABI and EPPO (2013); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptococcus fagisuga (beech coccus)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); Kosztarab and Kozár (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptophagus acutangulusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptophagus cellarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptophagus fallaxPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptophagus subfumatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptophilus integerPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptophilus obliteratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptopleurum subtilePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCurculio elephas (chestnut weevil)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveRodeland (2009); Perny (2010); Straten and Muus (2010); CABI/EPPO (2012); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDaphnia parvulaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDasineura abietiperdaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle)PresentWood and Bright (1992); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCate (2005); Kiss et al. (2005); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Present, WidespreadKosztarab and Kozár (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDichrooscytus gustaviPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDictyna civicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDikerogammarus bispinosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDikerogammarus haemobaphes (demon shrimp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDikerogammarus villosus (killer shrimp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Nesemann et al. (1995); Füreder and Pöckl (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus bifoveolatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiprion similis (white pine sawfly)Present, LocalizedNativeSchedl (1975); Schedl (1982); Liston (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDorypteryx pallidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDreyfusia nordmannianae (silver fir adelges)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Kurir (1971); Bauer-Schmid (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Present, WidespreadIntroducedLethmayer (2011); CABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocoetes himalayensisPresent, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEchinogammarus trichiatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEchinothrips americanusPresent, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2011); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEdaphus beszedesiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEilema caniolaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid)Present, LocalizedNativeKloft et al. (1964); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEperigone trilobataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEphestia kuehniella (Mediterranean flour moth)PresentSchöller (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpichoristodes acerbella (South African carnation tortrix)Absent, EradicatedBauer (1976); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpitrix tuberis (tuber flea beetle)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpuraea ocularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USGS NAS (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid)PresentNHM (1953)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEupoecilia ambiguella (grapevine moth)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFaxonius limosus (Spiny-cheek crayfish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHoldich DM et al. (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentNativeStrenger (1950); Ebner (1951)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (1999); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGibbium psylloidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly)Present, WidespreadNativeSchedl (1975); Schedl (1982); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGnathocerus cornutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGnathotrichus materiariusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer)PresentNativeRazowski (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGyropus ovalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHaemaphysalis longicornisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBrown et al. (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1961)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemimysis anomalaPresent, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWittmann et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil)PresentFerenczy (1991); Steyrer et al. (2002); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle)PresentNativeHaidler and Wegensteiner (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentNativeEichhoff (1881); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypoponera punctatissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIllinoia azaleaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentBen-Dov et al. (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps cembrae (large larch bark beetle)PresentNativeCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle)PresentNativeKrehan (1996); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)PresentNativeHolzschuh and Perny (1996); BAWBILT (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaJapananus hyalinusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaKatamysis warpachowskyiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLamyctes emarginatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLepinotus inquilinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1962); Cate et al. (1985); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptorchestes berolinensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveIvanov (1976); Huemer (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeCox (2001); Haye and Kenis (2004); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnomysis benedeniPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWeish and Türkay (1975); Wittmann (1995); Wittmann et al. (1999); Wittmann (2002); Gergs et al. (2008); Moog et al. (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema leucomelasPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinyphia triangularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis brunneaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis corrodensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis decolorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis pearmaniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerinaPresentMartinez (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Present, LocalizedStolz (1996); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (1997); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitargus balteatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLithocharis nigricepsPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (European grapevine moth)Present, WidespreadGlaeser (1979); Höbnaus (1988); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022); Fischer-Colbrie (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLyctus cavicollisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)Present, WidespreadGiese and Schneider (1979); Hoch et al. (2001); Keena et al. (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)PresentNativeInvasiveEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacropsis cyanescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegastigmus spermotrophus (Douglas-fir seed chalcid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)PresentLucht (1987); Berger (1991); CABI and EPPO (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMesocyclops ruttneriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMicropeplus mariettiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonarthropalpus flavus (boxwood leafminer)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus saltuarius (Japanese pine sawyer)PresentBense (1995); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn)PresentNativeInvasiveAlthoff and Danilevsky (1997); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentNHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNecrobia ruficollisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNecrobia violaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)Present, WidespreadNativeNiklas and Franz (1957); Jahn and Sinreich (1964); Eichhorn et al. (1965); Liston (1995); Krehan (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNigma walckenaeriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaObesogammarus obesusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaObolodiplosis robiniae (black locust gall midge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Tomiczek et al. (2009); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOinophila v-flavaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOligota parvaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOmonadus floralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpilio canestriniiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpilio ruzickaiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrientus ishidae (mosaic leafhopper)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrsillus depressusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentKlapal (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)Present, WidespreadBlüel and Kaserer (1989); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOxycarenus hyalinipennis (cotton, seed bug)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOxytelus migratorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPachynematus itoiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Kouba et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); Ben-Dov et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPaysandisia archon (South American palm borer)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPentarthrum huttoniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus peruvianusAbsent, EradicatedEPPO (2022); Malumphy et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhilonthus spinipesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhloeotribus caucasicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhtheochroa pulvillanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI/EPPO (2012); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter issikii (lime leafminer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveŠefrová (2002); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter leucographellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)Present, WidespreadHiggins (1983); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)PresentNativeLucht (1987); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated); Rosner and Führer (2002); Avtzis et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveSchimitschek (1936); Braun (1941); Schedl (1980); Braasch (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus fallax f. virginalis (Marmorkrebs)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProdecatoma cookiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug)PresentIntroducedMalumphy (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveHoward (1899)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis cingulata (cherry fruit fly)Present, Few occurrencesEgartner et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhopalapion longirostrePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentFaber (1982)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1952); De Lotto (1965); Ben-Dov (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda carcharias (large poplar borer)PresentSinreich (1955)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSceliphron curvatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytogenes jalapaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentMound and Halsey (1978); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)Present, WidespreadNativeSmith (1978); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentSchöller (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentBerger and Hetfleis (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Faber (1978); Faber (1982)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSteatoda castaneaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSteatoda grossaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStenoscelis submuricatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStephanitis obertiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStictocephala altaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStosatea italicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStricticomus tobiasPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTachinus sibiricusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTachycines asynamorusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Wetterer (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTechnomyrmex albipes (white-footed ant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTechnomyrmex detorquensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTegenaria atricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTegenaria domesticaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeDanilevsky (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeDanilevsky (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1977); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea processionea (oak processionary moth)PresentKrehan (1993); Tomiczek and Krehan (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThecturota marchiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTheresimima ampellophaga (European grapeleaf skeletonizer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTinocallis nevskyiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTipula paludosa (European crane fly)Present, LocalizedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)Present, WidespreadCABI (Undated); Faccoli (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTremex fuscicornis (Tremex wasp)PresentNativeSmith (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentByrne et al. (1990); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrichodectes octomaculatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Absent, Intercepted onlyIPPC (2013); Faber (1982); IPPC (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma megatomoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropideres dorsalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrypodendron laevePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuponia elegansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUloborus plumipesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUroleucon erigeronensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentOIE (2019); Grabensteiner and Nowotny (2001); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)Present, WidespreadNativeGusenleitner (1981); Archer (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeRuss (1966); Egger (1973)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedWood and Bright (1992); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeiraphera diniana (douglas fir cone moth (Japan))PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZelotes puritanusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (wood leopard moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres cristatellusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak)PresentNativeWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedBlair et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedBlair et al. (2000); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); FishBase (2004); NOBANIS (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Froese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBanks et al. (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta hutchinsiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentNOBANIS (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius gibelio (Prussian carp)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCastor canadensis (beaver)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)PresentNativeIUCN (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBartoš (2009); Reimoser and Reimoser (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChrysemys picta (painted turtle)Absent, Formerly presentKaltenegger (2006); Kraus (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2011); NOBANIS (2011); Seebens et al. (2017); FAO (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)Present, WidespreadNativeAlikhuni (1966); FAO (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFowler (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe)PresentNativeMuus and Dahlström (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemichromis bimaculatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemichromis fasciatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)AbsentFroese and Pauly (2004); FishBase (2005); Seebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)PresentIntroducedCopp and Fox (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)Present, WidespreadNativeMitchell-Jones et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucaspius delineatus (sunbleak)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeuciscus leuciscus (common dace)Present, WidespreadNativeBlanc et al. (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucotelium cerasiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCABI (Undated); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2011); Froese and Pauly (2011); NOBANIS (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius melanostomus (round goby)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWiesner et al. (2000); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNyctereutes procyonoides (raccoon dog)PresentIntroducedLever (1985); Mitchell-Jones et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004); DAISIE (2011); NOBANIS (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveNOBANIS (2011); Niethammer and Krapp (1982); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon)Present, LocalizedIntroducedUloth (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCranswick and Hall (2010); Hall (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPavo cristatusAbsent, Formerly presentSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentNativeFishbase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBirdLife International (2015); eBird (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow)Present, WidespreadNativeFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon)PresentIntroducedInvasiveČirovič and Milenkovič (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudopus apodus (European legless lizard)Absent, Formerly presentSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWelcomme (1988); Weber (1984); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)Absent, Formerly presentStrubbe and Matthysen (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)Absent, Formerly presentKraus (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)PresentNativeKottelat and Freyhof (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Elvira (2001); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus namaycush (lake trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); AFMAFEWM (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Muus and Dahlström (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish)PresentNativeFroese R and Pauly D (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTamias sibiricus (Siberian chipmunk)Absent, Formerly presentKrapp (1978); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentNativeFishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)Present, LocalizedIntroducedNOBANIS (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora caspia (freshwater hydroid)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent)PresentHalliday (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAllopeas clavulinumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion flagellusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion vulgaris (Spanish slug)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveFischer and Reischütz (1998); Grimm (2001); Grimm and Paill (2001); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCernuella ionicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCernuella neglectaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCharpentieria italaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChilostoma cingulatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChilostoma planospiraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)PresentIntroducedReischütz (2002); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveReischütz (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentNativeFauna Europea (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)Present, WidespreadKerney et al. (1979); Fischer and Reischütz (1998); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)PresentNOBANIS (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaFerrissia fragilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHelix cinctaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHerilla bosniensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHygromia cinctellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimacus flavusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax albipesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBank et al. (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLucilla singleyanaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMilax gagatesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMilax nigricansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMonacha cantianaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOpeas pumilumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentNativeWelter-Schultes (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPhysella acutaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPhysella gyrinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPlanorbella duryiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea bridgesii (spiketop applesnail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail)Present, LocalizedIntroducedZieritz and Waringer (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSinanodonta woodiana (Chinese pond mussel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTandonia sowerbyiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheodoxus fluviatilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaZonitoides arboreusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassusPresent, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveSchabuss et al. (2005); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguina tritici (wheat seed gall nematode)PresentCHRISTIE and PERRY (1959); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022); Braasch (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCABI/EPPO (2011); Schouten et al. (2021); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveRiel and Mulder (1998); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)PresentFauna Europaea (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)Present, LocalizedNativeBrown and Taylor (1987); Shesh Kumari and Cesare (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentIntroducedOtte et al. (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesDactylogyrus yinwenyingaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesFascioloides magnaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesGyrodactylus gasterosteiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAsplenium ceterachPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCeratopteris thalictroides (watersprite)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedEuro+Med (2020); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin and et al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (kariba weed)PresentInvasiveHussner (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcaena inermisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcalypha virginicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)Present, Localized, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveDrescher and Magnes (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); Cech et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea ageratumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea crithmifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea grandifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea pannonicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea ptarmicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea setaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAconitum variegatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaPresent, Few occurrencesNativeSlageren (1994); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgastache foeniculumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina altissimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed)PresentIntroducedNOBANIS (2016); JOHNSON (1971); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentNativeTutin (1980); Varga et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis castellanaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis hiemalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis scabraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Maschek and Halmschlager (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga chamaepitysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga reptans (carpet bugle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla cymatophyllaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla speciosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla xanthochloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium christophiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium nigrumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium oleraceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium paradoxumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium subhirsutumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium ursinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)Present, PlantedNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentNativeFlora Europaea (2008); Holzner (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus rendleiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlthaea hirsutaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum alyssoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum argenteumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum hirsutumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); Aellen and Akeroyd (1993); Walter and Dobes (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus crispusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus cruentus (red amaranth)PresentIntroducedEssl and Rabitsch (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Aellen and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus muricatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus palmeri (Palmer amaranth)Present, Transient under eradicationEPPO (2022); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus standleyanusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Love (1976); Essl et al. (2009); Euro+Med (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2016); Euro+Med (2016); USDA-ARS (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier spicata (dwarf serviceberry)AbsentEPPO (2022); Kurtto (2009); NOBANIS (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmi visnagaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (false indigo-bush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Euro+Med PlantBase (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnacyclus clavatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnacyclus radiatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnacyclus valentinusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnaphalis margaritaceaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnchusa barrelieriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnchusa ochroleucaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndryala integrifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnemone apenninaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnemone halleriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnemone sylvestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedHand (2011); Randall (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis altissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis austriacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis segetalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis tinctoriaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApera interruptaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAquilegia atrataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArabis procurrensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria holosteoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Mowat (1964); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArnica chamissonisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArnoseris minimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia ponticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia verlotiorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsarum europaeumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias syriaca (common milkweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsperula orientalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster lanceolatus (Narrow-leaved michaelmas daisy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster salignusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster sibiricusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster versicolorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstilbe japonicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus falcatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus onobrychisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus penduliflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex hortensis (garden orache)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex micranthaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex sagittataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAubrieta deltoideaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAurinia petraeaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAurinia saxatilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)Present, LocalizedIntroducedEssl and Rabitsch (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena brevisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)PresentRuss (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota nigraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarbarea intermediaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarbarea vernaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)Present, PlantedIntroducedWittman and Pilsl (1997); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBergenia crassifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerteroa incana (hoary alyssum)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerteroa mutabilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens vulgataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentNativeCook et al. (2005); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2016); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeGBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBracteantha bracteataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica elongataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Virtual Herbaria Austria (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza minor (small quaking grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus briziformis (rattlesnake brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus grossusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)Present, WidespreadNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus lanceolatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus lepidusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Royal Botanic Gardens Kew (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentIntroducedTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBroussonetia papyrifera (paper mulberry)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrunnera macrophyllaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2009); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias erucagoPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Essl and Rabitsch (2002); GBIF (2009); NOBANIS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunium bulbocastanumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum baldensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum fontanesiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum lancifoliumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum longifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum odontitesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamintha grandifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamintha nepetaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalceolaria pinnataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula arvensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalystegia pulchraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalystegia silvaticaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina alyssumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina microcarpa (smallseed falseflax)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina rumelicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina sativaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula alliariifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula garganicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula hofmanniiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula mediumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula patulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula poscharskyanaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculoides (creeping bellflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculus (rampion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rotundifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella rubellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); FAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (wavy bittercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine glanduligeraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus crispus (curly plumeless thistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus hamulosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex acutiformis (Swamp sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex bebbiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex ovalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex pendula (hanging sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex vulpinoideaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatapodium rigidumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCelastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea dichroanthaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTutin et al. (1976); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea dilutaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea jacea (brown knapweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea nigrescens (alpine knapweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea rupestrisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea ruthenicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea scabiosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTutin et al. (1976); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)PresentNativeInvasiveOchsmann (2001); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria alpinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria radiataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria syriacaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria transylvanicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium tomentosum (boreal chickweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratochloa catharticaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)Present, WidespreadWychera et al. (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum aromaticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum hirsutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus hirsutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus purpureusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus ratisbonensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaemelum mixtumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce glyptospermaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce humifusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce nutansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce serpensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCheiranthus canusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Schratt-Ehrendorfer (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium berlandieriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium bonus-henricusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium botrysPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium desiccatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucophyllumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucum (Oak-leaved goosefoot)PresentSchratt-Ehrendorfer (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium hircinumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)PresentBrenan and Akeroyd (1993); Schratt-Ehrendorfer (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium probstiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium pumilioPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium schraderianumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium striatiformePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChionodoxa forbesiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChionodoxa sardensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChorispora tenella (blue mustard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum corymbosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum macrophyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum segetumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCichorium calvumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCichorium endivia (endives)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClarkia amoenaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClarkia pulchellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClarkia unguiculataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis glaucaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis integrifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis orientalis (oriental virginsbower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis rectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis viticellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome spinosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClinopodium vulgarePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCochlearia officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoincya monensis (star-mustard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColeostephus myconisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConringia orientalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida hispanicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida regalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)PresentStace (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCronquist (1976); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoreopsis bicolorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoreopsis grandifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoreopsis tinctoriaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorispermum leptopterumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCornus sericea (redosier dogwood)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronilla scorpioidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronopus squamatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster conspicuusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster divaricatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster franchetii (orange cotoneaster)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray)Present, WidespreadIntroducedNOBANIS (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster multiflorusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster nigerPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotula coronopifolia (brassbuttons)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrambe hispanicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrambe koktebelicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula helmsii (Australian swamp stonecrop)PresentIntroducedMinchin (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)Present, PlantedNativeUSDA-ARS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis nicaeensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis pulchraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis tectorum (narrowleaf hawksbeard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis zacinthaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocus flavusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocus heuffelianusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocus ligusticusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocus purpureusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocus tommasinianusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCruciata glabraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptocoryne crispatulaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptocoryne wendtiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCucurbita foetidissimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea lanceolataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus arizonica (Arizona cypress)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedMonumental Trees (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Valentine (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentValentine (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentNativeValentine (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta gronoviiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta monogyna (eastern dodder)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta scandensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyclachaena xanthiifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyclamen purpurascensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbalaria muralis (Kenilworth ivy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynosurus echinatus (hedgehog dogtailgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus glomeratusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus longusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus lupulinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)Present, WidespreadNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Roskov et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDasypyrum villosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Moore (1972); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelphinium elatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDentaria glandulosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDeschampsia cespitosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); GBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus armeria (Deptford pink)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus giganteusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus gratianopolitanusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis ferrugineaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis lanata (Grecian foxglove)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentNativeHolzner and Forstner (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis tenuifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus laciniatus (cutleaf teasel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus strigosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDittrichia graveolens (stinkwort)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDoronicum orientalePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDoronicum pardalianchesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDorycnium pentaphyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDraba aizoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDraba muralisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDraba nemorosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania botrysPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania pumilio (clammy goosefoot)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEcballium elateriumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa esculentaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinocystis lobata (wild cucumber)PresentIntroducedFritsch (1923); Bagi and Böszörményi (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinodorus cordifoliusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops bannaticusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops exaltatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops sphaerocephalusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium italicumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine tristachyaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea callitrichoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWychera et al. (1990); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed)PresentIntroducedNOBANIS (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElsholtzia ciliataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElsholtzia stauntoniiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus elongatus (tall wheatgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus hispidus (intermediate wheatgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)PresentNeururer (1975)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis mexicanaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis multicaulisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pectinaceaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis trichodesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEranthis hyemalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron annuus (annual fleabane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron philadelphicus (Philadelphia fleabane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron septentrionalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron speciosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriochloa villosaPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium ciconiumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium malacoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErucastrum gallicumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum aureumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum cuspidatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum diffusumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum perovskianumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum repandumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuclidium syriacumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia acuminataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia chamaesycePresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia dulcisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia glyptospermaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia maculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia myrsinitesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia rigidaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia segetalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia seguierianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia supinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia taurinensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia virgataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphrasia strictaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuthamia graminifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFagopyrum tataricumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcaria vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia baldschuanica (Russian vine)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentNeururer (1990); USDA-NRCS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveJalas and Suominen (1979); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedSukopp and Starfinger (1995); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFerulago campestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca heterophyllaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentNativeGrassWorld (2016); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)Present, PlantedIntroducedDAISIE (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria viridisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin (1968); Gassmann et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus pennsylvanica (downy ash)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria capreolataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea minimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalanthus elwesiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega orientalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleobdolon argentatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis ladanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis tetrahitPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Steden and Schulte (2000); USDA-ARS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedKabuce and Priede (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium rubrumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium verrucosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGastridium ventricosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaudinia fragilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaura biennisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista sagittalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGentiana acaulisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGentiana luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium bohemicumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium columbinum (longstalk cranesbill)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium dissectum (cutleaf geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium endressiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium macrorrhizumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium molle (dovefoot geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium phaeumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium platypetalumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pratensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium purpureumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pyrenaicumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium rotundifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium sibiricumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeum coccineumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeum vernumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGladiolus communisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlaucium flavumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlebionis coronaria (crowndaisy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); ILDIS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)Present, WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria fluitansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria striataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus fruticosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGratiola officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrindelia squarrosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGymnocladus dioicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila muralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); Missouri Botanical Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila pilosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila repensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila scorzonerifolia (garden baby's-breath)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHacquetia epipactisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelenium autumnalePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus debilis (beach sunflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Essl and Rabitsch (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus decapetalusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus pauciflorusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus petiolarisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTutin et al. (1976); Essl and Rabitsch (2002); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pratensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pubescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliopsis helianthoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelleborus orientalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentNativeGreuter (2006); USDA-ARS (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis fulva (tawny daylily)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBrummitt (1968); Tiley et al. (1996); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria glabraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHesperis matronalis (damesrocket)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeteranthera zosterifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeuchera sanguineaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHonorius nutansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum jubatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum marinum (seaside barley)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum secalinumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHosta lancifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHosta plantagineaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHottonia palustrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2016); Preston and Croft (1997); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranaePresentNativeUSA, USDA-GRIN (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila polysperma (Indian swampweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylotelephium spectabilePresentIntroducedCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus albusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum androsaemumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum calycinum (Aaron's beard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum pulchrumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIberis pinnataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIberis umbellataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balfouriiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2018); GRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveDrescher and Prots (2000); Essl and Rabitsch (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveEssl and Rabitsch (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIonopsidium acaulePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea coccinea (red morningglory)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris pallidaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)PresentIntroducedBall and Akeroyd (2010); Spataro and Negri (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIva xanthiifolia (marsh-elder)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedFollak et al. (2013); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJovibarba globiferaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus dudleyiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeKirschner (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedWittmann and Pilsl (1997); Essl and Rabitsch (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKitaibela vitifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKlasea quinquefoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKnautia arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria macranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca salignaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca tataricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagurus ovatus (hare's tail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium galeobdolon (yellow archangel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLappula marginataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLapsana communis (nipplewort)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLaserpitium archangelicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus annuusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus aphacaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus heterophyllusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus hirsutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nigerPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nissoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus odoratus (sweet pea)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); ILDIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus palustrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus pannonicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus vernusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLegousia hybridaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresent, Few occurrencesIntroducedNOBANIS (2009); DAISIE (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLens ervoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeontopodium alpinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus cardiacaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium densiflorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium didymum (lesser swine-cress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)PresentBuschmann et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium graminifoliumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium heterophyllumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium ruderalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemella serotinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucojum vernumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigularia przewalskiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigularia sibiricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum japonicum (Japanese privet)PresentIntroducedUzzell (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum obtusifolium (border privet)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedKelcey and Müller (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLilium martagonPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria angustissimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria caesiaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria genistifolia (broomleaf toadflax)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria incarnataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria purpureaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria repensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria simplexPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum grandiflorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum perennePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLithospermum officinalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLobelia inflataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLobelia siphiliticaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera alpigenaPresentRiegler and Stauffer (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLopezia racemosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus maritimusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus ornithopodioidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia palustris (marsh seedbox)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia repensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus angustifolius (narrow-leaf lupin)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus micranthusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Flora Europaea (1968); ILDIS (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuzula niveaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLychnis coronaria (rose campion)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum junceumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum virgatum (European wand loosestrife)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMadia sativaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape)Present, WidespreadIntroducedNOBANIS (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalcolmia africana (Malcolm stock)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalcolmia maritimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalope trifidaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva alceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva moschataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestrisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva verticillataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMantisalca salmanticaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatricaria perforata (false chamomile)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatthiola longipetalaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMeconopsis cambricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago monspeliacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago prostrataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha suaveolensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus cupreusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus guttatus (Monkeyflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus moschatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMinuartia hybridaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedDAISIE (2016); Antoine (1876); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis nyctagineaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonarda didymaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonarda punctataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)PresentIntroducedRandall (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuscari azureumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuscari neglectum (starch grape hyacinth)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyagrum perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis palustris (True forget-me-not)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosoton aquaticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedOrchard (1981); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum heterophyllum (broadleaf watermilfoil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentNativeFitter (1978); Janauer (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium sterilePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeslia paniculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Moore (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedRandall (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNigella arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNonea luteaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera biennis (common evening primrose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera carinthiacaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera cruciataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera deflexaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera fallaxPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera glazioviana (redsepal evening-primrose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera hoelscheriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera issleriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera oakesianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera parvifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera pycnocarpaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera roseaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera rubricaulisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera strictaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera subterminalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera villosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera wieniiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnonis mitissimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnonis natrixPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1976); Raabe (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum illyricum (Illyrian thistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum nervosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum tauricumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithopus perpusillusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape)Present, LocalizedBorg (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentNativeChater and Webb (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)PresentNativeChater and Webb (1972); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Essl and Rabitsch (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis dilleniiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxytropis pilosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaeonia masculaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum hillmaniiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum philadelphicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver argemonePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver atlanticumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver dubiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver hybridumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver pilosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver pseudoorientalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParietaria judaicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus vitaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia)Present, PlantedCABI (2005); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeriploca graecaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria maculosa (redshank)PresentNativeInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed)PresentIntroducedRoskov et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia proliferaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia saxifragaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhacelia congestaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhedimus aizoon (gold sedum)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhedimus hybridusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhiladelphus pubescensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum arenariumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum hirsutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum paniculatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeKew (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum subulatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhlomoides tuberosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys nigraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis virginiana var. sonoraePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPicris hieracioides (hawkweed oxtongue)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed)PresentNativeSell and West (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed)PresentNativeSell and West (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)Present, WidespreadNativeSell and West (1976); Meusel and Jäger (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimpinella peregrinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiptatherum miliaceum (smilograss)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago aristataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentNativeGerstberger (2001); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago holosteumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago sempervirensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago virginicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentEdmondson (1980); Holm et al. (1991); Clayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa infirmaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeISSG (2015); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa trivialis (rough-stalked meadow grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolemonium caeruleumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum oxyspermumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Walters (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeEUNIS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla anglicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla atrosanguineaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla intermediaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrimula elatiorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrimula juliaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)Present, PlantedIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia distans (weeping alkali grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPulsatilla vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuschkinia scilloidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPyracantha coccinea (scarlet firethorn)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedLesel (1994); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPyrus nivalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus aconitifoliusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus bulbosus (bulbous buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus ficaria (fig buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus flammulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus parviflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus pedatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus sardousPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus sativus (radish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda alba (white mignonette)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda odorataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhagadiolus stellatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhus typhina (staghorn sumac)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Essl (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRibes spicatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)Present, PlantedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRidolfia segetumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoemeria refractaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRorippa austriaca (Austrian fieldcress)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRorippa lippizensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRorippa pyrenaicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa blandaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (multiflora rose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRostraria cristataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus senticosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia hirtaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia trilobaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex browniiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex bucephalophorusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex confertusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentRechinger and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex cristatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex cristatus subsp. kerneriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex longifolius (Yard dock)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentNativeInvasivePoetsch and Krautzer (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex patientiaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex pulcherPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex scutatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex stenophyllus (narrowleaf dock)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex thyrsiflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex triangulivalvisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina procumbensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedNOBANIS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria sagittifoliaPresentPall (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix eleagnosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia aethiopis (Mediterranean sage)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia farinaceaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia glutinosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia reflexaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia sclareaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia verticillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia viridisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanguisorba dodecandraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanvitalia procumbensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSatureja montanaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaururus cernuusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaxifraga hirsutaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaxifraga umbrosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizanthus pinnatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenoplectiella supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenoplectus mucronatus (ricefield bulrush)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScilla amoenaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScilla bifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScilla sibericaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScolymus hispanicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia caninaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia scopoliiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScutellaria altissimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch)PresentNativeVirtual Herbaria Austria (2016); Kohler-Schneider and Caneppele (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum montanumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum sarmentosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum thartiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSempervivum arachnoideumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Schinninger et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)Present, WidespreadNativevon Mannagetta (1892); Chater and Walters (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio sylvaticus (woodland groundsel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresent, WidespreadNativeChater and Walters (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSerratula quinquefoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSeseli campestrePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSeseli libanotisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria faberi (giant foxtail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedNOBANIS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Clayton (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaShinnersia rivularisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSideritis montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSigesbeckia serrataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene bupleuroidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene chalcedonicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene coeli-rosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene conoideaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene creticaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene csereiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dichotomaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dioicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene flavescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene italicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene muscipulaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene pendulaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene vulgaris (bladder campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilphium perfoliatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSinacalia tanguticaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSinapis arvensis (wild mustard)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium volgensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisyrinchium bermudianaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSmyrnium perfoliatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum burbankiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Randall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium (sticky nightshade)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011); ISSG (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Royal Botanic Garden (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentNativeHubl and Holzner (1974); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welz et al. (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentRatter and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula morisonii (Morison's spurry)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia rubraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpiraea chamaedryfolia (germander meadowsweet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017); Roskov et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus neglectusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus vaginiflorusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); DAISIE (2014); Govaerts (2014); USDA-ARS (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys byzantinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys rectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria gramineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentChater and Heywood (1972); Neururer (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novae-angliaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novi-belgii (New York aster)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEuro+Med (2006); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphytum asperumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes tenuifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix parviflora (small-flower tamarisk)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix ramosissima (saltcedar)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum balsamitaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum macrophyllumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedSchechtner (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeloxys aristataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium chamaedrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum aquilegiifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum lucidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum simplexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThladiantha cordifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThladiantha dubiaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi alliaceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1991); USDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymus pulegioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymus serpyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTorilis nodosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTragus racemosus (stalker bur grass)PresentIntroducedNOBANIS (2020); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium aureum (hop clover)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium echinatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium lappaceumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium mediumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium mutabilePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium nigrescensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium patensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium retusumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium spadiceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium squarrosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium striatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrigonella caeruleaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrigonella grandifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrigonella kotschyiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrigonella procumbensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriticum compactumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriticum monococcumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTropaeolum majus (common nasturtium)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTulipa gesnerianaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTulipa sylvestrisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Chambers et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-NRCS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha laxmanniiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)Present, WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica piluliferaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)PresentTutin et al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria spiralis (eelweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Les et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass)PresentBioCASE (2015); IUCN (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum bombyciferumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum pulverulentumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum sinuatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeISSG (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum virgatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena bracteataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina occidentalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica beccabunga (European speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica ceratocarpaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica chamaedrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica filiformisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica politaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica prostrataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica triphyllosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia bithynicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia dumetorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia luteaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia peregrinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia pisiformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia serratifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia sylvaticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentNativeILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVinca major (Big periwinkle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaViola sororiaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaViola suavisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium albinumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium saccharatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthoxalis strictaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZelkova serrata (Japanese selkova)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentIntroducedGrims et al. (1999)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia divergensPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentLoupal et al. (1985)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine leukemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusChrysanthemum stem necrosis virusAbsentEPPO (2022)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCucumber green mottle mosaic virusPresentBedlan (1992); CABI and EPPO (2015)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusepizootic haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusfowlpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusHawaiia minusculaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious salmon anemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Plenk and Grausgruber-Gröger (2011); Weilner and Bedlan (2013); CABI and EPPO (2014)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusNewcastle disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
VirusPepino mosaic virusPresent, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2015)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Present, LocalizedRoy and Smith (1994); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
Virusrabies virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusStrawberry vein banding virus (vein banding of strawberry)AbsentEPPO (2022)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTomato brown rugose fruit virus (Tomato brown rugose fruit virus)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2021); EPPO (2022)
VirusTomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (tomato spotted wilt)Present, Few occurrencesUK, CAB International (1978); EPPO (2022)
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)AbsentEPPO (2022)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
VirusWest Nile virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWhite spot syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
Acanthocephalan infections of fishPresentSures et al. (1999)
acarapisosis of honey beesAbsentOIE (2019); EPPO (2009); OIE (2019)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
American foul broodPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
anguillicolosisPresent, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveSchabuss et al. (2005)
anthraxAbsentOIE (2019); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); OIE (1997); OIE (2019)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian adenoviruses infectionsPresent, WidespreadKohler and Hromatka-Vasicek (1974)
avian chlamydiosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
avian influenzaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
avipoxPresentLoupal et al. (1985)
blacklegPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetongueAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentIntroducedOtte et al. (1972)
bovine adenoviruses infectionsPresentBurki et al. (1978); Coulibaly (1990); Pernthaner et al. (1990); Peinhopf et al. (1996)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine parainfluenza 3 infectionPresent, WidespreadCoulibaly (1990)
bovine parvovirus infectionPresentHinaidy et al. (1979)
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infectionPresentCoulibaly (1990)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine tuberculosisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2009); OIE (2018)
bovine viral diarrhoeaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)AbsentOIE (2019); Khaschabi et al. (1993); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2000); OIE (2019)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentKaltenböck et al. (1997)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
ChytridiomycosisPresentSztatecsny and Glaser (2011); Sztatecsny (2008)
classical swine feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
cowpoxPresentSchonbauer et al. (1982); Nowotny et al. (1994); Nowotny (1996)
crayfish plaguePresentIntroducedInvasiveAnon (1879); Pöckl and Pekny (2002)
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultryPresentLederer et al. (1996)
Denman island diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dermatophilosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Dichelobacter nodosus infectionPresentFriedrich et al. (2012)
dourineAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Echinococcus granulosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
Echinococcus multilocularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
eperythrozoonosis in pigsPresentReigler (1990)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic ulcerative syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine coital exanthemaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine infectious anaemiaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Escherichia coli infectionsPresentKöfer et al. (1992)
European foul broodAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
fowl choleraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowl typhoidPresentOIE (2019)
fowlpoxAbsent, No presence record(s)Loupal et al. (1985); OIE Handistatus (2005)
giardiasisPresentSUPPERER (1952)
glandersAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Haemophilus somnus infectionPresentBuchner et al. (1995)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
hepatitis E virus infectionPresent, WidespreadZwettler et al. (2012)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
infectious salmon anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
koi herpesvirus diseasePresentOIE (2019); Haenen et al. (2004); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
listeriosisPresentAllerberger (1999); OIE Handistatus (2005)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
lyme borreliosisPresent, WidespreadRadda et al. (1986)
Mycoplasma bovigenitalium infectionsPresentEder-Rohm (1996)
Mycoplasma bovis infectionsPresentPothmann et al. (2015)
Mycoplasma conjunctivae infectionPresentNicolet et al. (1974)
neosporosisPresentWeissenböck et al. (1997)
Newcastle diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale infectionPresentHafez and Friedrich (1998)
paratuberculosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); Whittington et al. (2019)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Porcine hemagglutinating encephalomyelitisPresentMöstl (1990)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
rabiesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rinderpestAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultryPresent, WidespreadMöstl and Nowotny (1990)
scrapieAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
sheep and goat poxAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
small hive beetle infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
spring viraemia of carpAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Staphylococcus aureus infectionsPresent, WidespreadDeutz et al. (1998)
swine influenzaPresent, WidespreadSchafzahl et al. (1990); Nowotny et al. (1994)
tickborne encephalitisPresentLabuda et al. (1993); Traavik (1994)
tick-borne feverPresentCABI (Undated)
torovirus infectionsPresentHaschek et al. (2006)
TrichinellaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tuberculosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tularaemiaPresentCABI (Undated)
turkey rhinotracheitisPresentPollan et al. (1992)
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE (2019); Grabensteiner and Nowotny (2001); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
West Nile feverPresentOIE (2020); Hubálek et al. (1999); OIE (2018)
whirling diseasePresentHalliday (1976)
white spot diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
ApplesArea harvested6,5906,740
Production quantity239,210387,950185,244101,667287,599
Yield362,989 Fc575,593 Fc
ApricotsArea harvested820830788788737
Production quantity11,5109,3106,4845,2578,669
Yield140,366 Fc112,169 Fc82,284 Fc66,713 Fc117,626 Fc
AsparagusArea harvested830820813805629
Production quantity3,3203,0803,0382,5682,459
Yield40,000 Fc37,561 Fc37,368 Fc31,901 Fc39,094 Fc
AvocadosArea harvested
Production quantity
BananasArea harvested
Production quantity
BarleyArea harvested137,240139,270138,903140,425151,769
Production quantity828,130691,030782,029859,702840,433
Yield60,342 Fc49,618 Fc56,300 Fc61,221 Fc55,376 Fc
Beans, greenArea harvested1,1101,140481339322
Production quantity7,6606,8306,1563,8464,043
Yield69,009 Fc59,912 Fc127,983 Fc113,451 Fc125,559 Fc
Berries nesProduction quantity7090892659841
Area harvested155139139
Yield57,548 Fc47,410 Fc60,504 Fc
BlueberriesArea harvested200200
Production quantity1,3501,420
Yield67,500 Fc71,000 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea harvested5,7107,65010,29610,82310,780
Production quantity13,03015,99022,96227,69524,641
Yield22,820 Fc20,902 Fc22,302 Fc25,589 Fc22,858 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested1,2201,1801,2461,2931,393
Production quantity60,00053,36061,79064,43265,318
Yield491,803 Fc452,203 Fc495,907 Fc498,314 Fc468,902 Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea harvested1,8801,8301,8361,8141,632
Production quantity108,18093,84097,81398,47666,760
Yield575,426 Fc512,787 Fc532,751 Fc542,867 Fc409,069 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea harvested280260284279244
Production quantity5,7604,7505,8845,8864,900
Yield205,714 Fc182,692 Fc207,183 Fc210,968 Fc200,820 Fc
Cereals nesArea harvested7,7208,07013,97113,78614,364
Production quantity22,55023,45043,53547,31154,563
Yield29,210 Fc29,058 Fc31,161 Fc34,318 Fc37,986 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested776,400 A778,940 A778,650 A786,831 A783,127 A
Production quantity5,399,310 A4,787,200 A4,874,849 A5,701,698 A4,853,896 A
Yield69,543 Fc61,458 Fc62,606 Fc72,464 Fc61,981 Fc
CherriesArea harvested2802801,581 Im1,012 Im1,911 Im
Production quantity7,51010,9405,5483,5336,732
Yield268,214 Fc390,714 Fc35,092 Fc34,911 Fc35,228 Fc
Cherries, sourArea harvested2020112 Im83 Im139 Im
Production quantity7601,050577426719
Yield380,000 Fc525,000 Fc51,518 Fc51,325 Fc51,727 Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea harvested160160180168171
Production quantity14,98015,74015,80614,54715,860
Yield936,250 Fc983,750 Fc878,111 Fc865,893 Fc927,485 Fc
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvestedAA
Production quantityAA
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea harvested360340362373402
Production quantity45,27044,85046,58147,45043,646
Yield1,257,500 Fc1,319,118 Fc1,286,768 Fc1,272,118 Fc1,085,721 Fc
CurrantsArea harvested320320259239239
Production quantity4,5005,3502,9631,8423,279
Yield140,625 Fc167,188 Fc114,402 Fc77,071 Fc137,197 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area harvested1010988
Production quantity1,1701,1301,0629761,072
Yield1,170,000 Fc1,130,000 Fc1,180,000 Fc1,220,000 Fc1,340,000 Fc
Fibre Crops PrimaryArea harvested2,010 A1,580 A718 A647 A779 A
Production quantity8,920 A6,640 A3,332 A3,289 A3,479 A
Yield44,378 Fc42,025 Fc46,407 Fc50,835 Fc44,660 Fc
FigsArea harvested
Production quantity
Flax fibre and towArea harvested115
Production quantityM
YieldFcFc
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested59,150 A59,250 A52,646 A50,432 A48,634 A
Production quantity638,500 A939,340 A604,310 A417,286 A696,062 A
Yield107,946 Fc158,538 Fc114,787 Fc82,742 Fc143,123 Fc
Fruit, citrus nesArea harvested
Production quantity
GarlicArea harvested210210204188166
Production quantity1,2101,1201,0911,025902
Yield57,619 Fc53,333 Fc53,480 Fc54,521 Fc54,337 Fc
Grain, mixedArea harvested4,3705,0202,8502,7883,160
Production quantity19,77020,23010,34711,96213,023
Yield45,240 Fc40,299 Fc36,305 Fc42,905 Fc41,212 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area harvested
Production quantity
GrapesArea harvested48,72048,65048,05446,48743,777
Production quantity309,920367,130331,428260,337302,454
Yield63,612 Fc75,464 Fc68,970 Fc56,002 Fc69,090 Fc
Hemp tow wasteArea harvested2,0101,580717 Im646 Im774 Im
Production quantity8,9206,6403,332 Im3,289 Im3,479 Im
Yield44,378 Fc42,025 Fc46,471 Fc50,913 Fc44,948 Fc
HopsArea harvested250250248245249
Production quantity520460440482299
Yield20,800 Fc18,400 Fc17,742 Fc19,673 Fc12,008 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegetablesArea harvested160160158154107
Production quantity6,5305,4505,8695,7613,983
Yield408,125 Fc340,625 Fc371,456 Fc374,091 Fc372,243 Fc
Lemons and limesArea harvested
Production quantity
Lettuce and chicoryArea harvested1,3701,3601,6201,6691,566
Production quantity41,29035,20047,26448,71640,635
Yield301,387 Fc258,824 Fc291,753 Fc291,887 Fc259,483 Fc
LinseedArea harvested1,4201,3801,6411,2891,047
Production quantity1,7101,4901,7861,7341,200
Yield12,042 Fc10,797 Fc10,884 Fc13,452 Fc11,461 Fc
LupinsArea harvested230190224145146
Production quantity360290334249289
Yield15,652 Fc15,263 Fc14,911 Fc17,172 Fc19,795 Fc
MaizeArea harvested220,690209,900209,476195,252188,728
Production quantity2,298,8802,130,3402,075,9832,179,5871,637,905
Yield104,168 Fc101,493 Fc99,104 Fc111,629 Fc86,787 Fc
OatsArea harvested20,60021,45023,24522,51223,501
Production quantity77,35074,28076,67294,82996,255
Yield37,549 Fc34,629 Fc32,984 Fc42,124 Fc40,958 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested158,510 A159,160 A155,749 A152,929 A152,047 A
Production quantity413,770 A389,850 A382,963 A391,314 A311,734 A
Yield26,104 Fc24,494 Fc24,588 Fc25,588 Fc20,502 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested158,510 A159,160 A155,749 A152,929 A152,047 A
Production quantity281,301 A261,462 A259,721 A255,799 A207,832 A
Yield17,747 Fc16,428 Fc16,676 Fc16,727 Fc13,669 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested158,510 A159,160 A155,749 A152,929 A152,047 A
Production quantity113,756 A111,013 A107,037 A117,481 A90,623 A
Yield7,177 Fc6,975 Fc6,872 Fc7,682 Fc5,960 Fc
Oilseeds nesArea harvested30,66028,16024,10941,05335,246
Production quantity22,57020,21017,74632,70722,800
Yield7,361 Fc7,177 Fc7,361 Fc7,967 Fc6,469 Fc
OlivesArea harvested
Production quantity
Onions, dryArea harvested3,5103,3003,5353,5123,360
Production quantity141,650132,200144,682163,292168,089
Yield403,561 Fc400,606 Fc409,284 Fc464,954 Fc500,265 Fc
OrangesArea harvested
Production quantity
Peaches and nectarinesArea harvested180180164164165
Production quantity2,5102,6701,8571,2462,922
Yield139,444 Fc148,333 Fc113,232 Fc75,976 Fc177,091 Fc
PearsArea harvested500490
Production quantity32,730111,34046,11123,45051,110
Yield654,600 Fc2,272,245 Fc
Peas, dryArea harvested5,3306,9206,7217,7337,274
Production quantity12,80016,50015,25919,15518,728
Yield24,015 Fc23,844 Fc22,703 Fc24,770 Fc25,746 Fc
Peas, greenArea harvested2,1702,1702,0671,9971,512
Production quantity9,7909,79012,4069,0059,532
Yield45,115 Fc45,115 Fc60,019 Fc45,093 Fc63,042 Fc
Plums and sloesArea harvested200200185184177
Production quantity12,78029,5609,7217,78316,738
Yield639,000 Fc1,478,000 Fc525,459 Fc422,989 Fc945,650 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested23,97023,76022,99121,22120,368
Production quantity751,260697,930653,400767,261536,473
Yield313,417 Fc293,742 Fc284,198 Fc361,557 Fc263,390 Fc
Pulses nesArea harvested6,4005,8703,1563,4083,148
Production quantity12,61012,5107,8898,5197,870
Yield19,703 Fc21,312 Fc24,997 Fc24,997 Fc25,000 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested17,670 A20,630 A22,859 A24,792 A23,573 A
Production quantity38,800 A45,290 A50,137 A59,642 A54,866 A
Yield21,958 Fc21,953 Fc21,933 Fc24,057 Fc23,275 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea harvested870870768704615
Production quantity27,13026,96025,06523,70120,091
Yield311,839 Fc309,885 Fc326,367 Fc336,662 Fc326,683 Fc
RapeseedArea harvested35,97040,50040,50239,66237,529
Production quantity107,170120,690116,835141,893111,745
Yield29,794 Fc29,800 Fc28,847 Fc35,776 Fc29,776 Fc
RaspberriesArea harvested100100176172172
Production quantity6806501,102644829
Yield68,000 Fc65,000 Fc62,614 Fc37,442 Fc48,198 Fc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested23,970 A23,760 A22,991 A21,221 A20,368 A
Production quantity751,260 A697,930 A653,400 A767,261 A536,473 A
Yield313,417 Fc293,742 Fc284,198 Fc361,557 Fc263,390 Fc
RyeArea harvested43,68040,73034,47637,31239,563
Production quantity199,670176,420129,070188,384171,074
Yield45,712 Fc43,315 Fc37,438 Fc50,489 Fc43,241 Fc
SorghumArea harvested3,9403,5302,9932,2642,917
Production quantity29,74027,43020,33116,62020,680
Yield75,482 Fc77,705 Fc67,928 Fc73,410 Fc70,895 Fc
SoybeansArea harvested69,21067,62064,46749,79156,895
Production quantity217,780186,490193,416152,599136,195
Yield31,467 Fc27,579 Fc30,002 Fc30,648 Fc23,938 Fc
SpinachArea harvested770770673567554
Production quantity14,51012,93011,44112,81111,040
Yield188,442 Fc167,922 Fc170,000 Fc225,944 Fc199,278 Fc
StrawberriesArea harvested1,1901,2101,1401,1381,144
Production quantity13,58010,88011,5679,80713,368
Yield114,118 Fc89,917 Fc101,465 Fc86,178 Fc116,853 Fc
Sugar beetArea harvested27,88031,25042,68443,49745,436
Production quantity1,965,1502,150,1902,993,7103,534,4152,853,282
Yield704,860 Fc688,061 Fc701,366 Fc812,565 Fc627,978 Fc
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvested27,880 A31,250 A42,684 A43,497 A45,436 A
Production quantity1,965,150 A2,150,190 A2,993,710 A3,534,415 A2,853,282 A
Yield704,860 Fc688,061 Fc701,366 Fc812,565 Fc627,978 Fc
Sunflower seedArea harvested21,25021,50022,01818,18919,061
Production quantity64,54060,97051,38159,91738,060
Yield30,372 Fc28,358 Fc23,336 Fc32,941 Fc19,967 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clementines, satsumasArea harvested
Production quantity
TomatoesArea harvested200200179178188
Production quantity58,33058,15054,25855,06855,673
Yield2,916,500 Fc2,907,500 Fc3,031,173 Fc3,093,708 Fc2,961,330 Fc
Treenuts, TotalArea harvested170 A170 A
Production quantity3,090 A5,940 A2,633 A1,369 A4,939 A
Yield181,765 Fc349,412 Fc
TriticaleArea harvested59,82056,68055,23554,88653,729
Production quantity326,340276,960289,131322,560284,129
Yield54,554 Fc48,864 Fc52,346 Fc58,769 Fc52,882 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested15,920 A15,580 A17,756 A17,314 A15,652 A
Production quantity559,600 A518,670 A598,988 A616,605 A560,725 A
Yield351,508 Fc332,908 Fc337,344 Fc356,131 Fc358,245 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested8108001,6891,6391,436
Production quantity12,82013,29041,40342,99534,782
Yield158,272 Fc166,125 Fc245,133 Fc262,325 Fc242,214 Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea harvested170170
Production quantity3,0905,9402,6331,3694,939
Yield181,765 Fc349,412 Fc
WatermelonsArea harvested30201618
Production quantity1,390754582718
Yield463,333 Fc377,000 Fc363,750 Fc398,889 Fc
WheatArea harvested278,340294,290295,029315,088302,965
Production quantity1,596,8801,367,0601,437,1431,970,3641,725,737
Yield57,372 Fc46,453 Fc48,712 Fc62,534 Fc56,962 Fc
Melons, other (inc.cantaloupes)Area harvested30MMM
Production quantity1,000MMM
Yield333,333 Fc
Beans, dryArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
BuckwheatArea harvestedImImIm
Production quantityImImIm
GooseberriesArea harvested12 Im10 Im16 Im
Production quantity625384
Yield51,667 Fc53,000 Fc52,500 Fc
Maize, greenArea harvested830818662
Production quantity14,92513,95810,645
Yield179,819 Fc170,636 Fc160,801 Fc
MilletArea harvested2,472 Im2,518 Im2,431 Im
Production quantity10,608 Im10,379 Im10,097 Im
Yield42,913 Fc41,219 Fc41,534 Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction quantity1,9001,4001,200
Area harvested
Poppy seedArea harvested3,0122,9452,269
Production quantity1,7992,4641,734
Yield5,973 Fc8,367 Fc7,642 Fc
QuincesArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Spices nesArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvested63 Im67 Im71 Im
Production quantity108 Im116 Im121 Im
Yield17,143 Fc17,313 Fc17,042 Fc
Vegetables, leguminous nesArea harvested822809685
Production quantity55469295
Yield6,740 Fc8,554 Fc1,387 Fc
VetchesArea harvested2,4622,6832,225
Production quantity3,6934,0243,338
Yield15,000 Fc14,998 Fc15,002 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea2,653 Fc2,655 Q2,670 Q2,718 Q2,714 Q
AgricultureArea2,653 Fc2,655 Fc2,670 Q2,718 Fc2,714 Fc
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area639 Q621 Q571 Q552 Q525 Q
Arable landArea1,327 Q1,329 Q1,344 Q1,346 Q1,352 Q
Coastal watersArea0 Q0 Q0 Q0 Q0 Q
Country areaArea8,388 Q8,388 Q8,388 Q8,388 Q8,388 Q
CroplandArea1,394 Q1,396 Q1,411 Q1,412 Q1,417 Q
Cropland area under organic agric.Area252 Q238 Q214 Q202 Q199 Q
Forest landArea3,892 Q3,888 Q3,885 Q3,881 Q3,878 Fm
Inland watersArea136 Q136 Q136 Q136 Q136 Q
Land areaArea8,252 Q8,252 Q8,252 Q8,252 Q8,252 Q
Land area equipped for irrigationArea100 Fm100 Fm100 Q106 Fm113 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea1,259 W1,259 Q1,259 Q1,307 Q1,297 Q
Land under permanent cropsArea67 Q67 Q67 Q65 Q65 Q
Land under temp. meadows and pasturesArea149 Q144 Q153 Q158 Q162 Q
Land under temporary cropsArea1,126 Q1,133 Q1,141 Q1,140 Q1,155 Q
Land with temporary fallowArea53 Q52 Q50 Q48 Q35 Q
Naturally regenerating forestArea2,219 Fm2,215 Fm2,211 Fm2,207 Fm2,202 Fm
Other landArea1,707 Fc1,709 Fc1,697 Fc1,652 Fc1,661 Fc
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea843 Fm843 Q843 Q871 Fm865 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. growingArea416 Fm416 Q416 Q436 Fm432 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures area under organic agric.Area387 Q382 Q357 Q350 Q326 Q
Planted ForestArea1,673 Q1,673 Q1,674 Q1,675 Q1,675 Fm
Primary ForestArea114 Fm114 Fm114 Q114 Fm
Agriculture area actually irrigatedArea38 Q
Cropland area actually irrigatedArea37 Q
Cropland area under conservation tillageArea395 Q
Cropland area under conventional tillageArea733 Q
Cropland area under zero or no tillageArea23 Q
Farm buildings & farmyardsArea22 Q
Land area actually irrigatedArea38 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures area actually irrig.Area1 Q
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.