Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Argentina

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Datasheet

Argentina

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 44,938,712 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 11,130 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 500,111.58 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 445,445.18 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 6.09 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
yellow head virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); Alippi (1992); Alippi (1997); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)PresentEPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresentOIE (2019); Schotman (1989); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesSpiroplasma kunkelii (corn stunt spiroplasma)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2008)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginalePresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisPresentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)PresentBradbury (1986); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Hepatobacter penaeiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (citrus greening)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Badaracco et al. (2017); CABI/EPPO (2017)
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolyticaPresentAuad et al. (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaAbsentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive)PresentAlippi (1996); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentInvasiveBradbury (1986); UK, CAB International (1987)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (bacterial canker of kiwifruit)PresentBalestra et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2021)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella AbortusequiPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaVibrio parahaemolyticusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight)PresentBradbury (1986); UK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. vasculorum (sugarcane gumming disease)Present, LocalizedBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGoto et al. (1980); Bradbury (1986); Pruvost et al. (1992); Vernière et al. (1998); Li et al. (2007); Gottwald et al. (2009); Paola et al. (2013); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas translucens pv. cerealis (bacterial leaf streak of grasses)PresentEPPO (2014)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas translucens pv. translucens (bacterial leaf streak of barley)PresentSands and Fourrest (1989); Mehta (1990); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas vasicola pv. vasculorum (bacterial leaf streak of corn)Present, WidespreadPlazas et al. (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)PresentNativeColl et al. (2000); CABI and EPPO (2015); Haelterman et al. (2015); Tolocka et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylophilus ampelinus (bacterial blight of grapevine)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Bradbury (1986); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaSpirochaetesLeptospira interrogansPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveViviana Sastre et al. (2013); Beamud et al. (2013)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces invadansAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFREZZI (1970); UK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronospora belbahrii (basil downy mildew)PresentInvasiveRonco et al. (2009); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora austrocedriPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGreslebin et al. (2007); Vélez et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora kernoviaePresentVélez et al. (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora medicaginis (Phytophthora root rot of lucerne)PresentHijano (1991)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (Sudden Oak Death (SOD))PresentVélez et al. (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)PresentGulya et al. (1991); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria triticina (leaf blight of wheat)PresentIntroducedInvasivePerelló and Sisterna (2006);
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBipolaris victoriae (Victoria blight of oats)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); UK, CAB International (1990)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI and EPPO (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot)PresentIntroducedBandyopadhyay et al. (1998); CABI and EPPO (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Lori et al. (2004); CABI and EPPO (2010); Sir et al. (2012)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast)PresentIntroducedRajchenberg et al. (1995)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiaporthe eres (apple leaf, branch and fruit fungus)PresentCatania and Romero (2008); Fernandez Valiela et al. (1954)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiaporthe gulyae (Phomopsis stem canker of sunflower)PresentMancebo et al. (2019)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFarr (1973); Punithalingam (1993); UK, CAB International (1993)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiplodia seriata (grapevine trunk disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab)PresentHyun et al. (2009); Chung (2011); CABI/EPPO (2012); Fan et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe plataniPresentCABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (Fusarium wilt)PresentUK, CAB International (1982); Assigbetse et al. (1994); Fernandez et al. (1994)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusicladium effusum (pecan scab)PresentMantz et al. (2008); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Present, LocalizedFoguet et al. (1985); Garran (1996); Baayen et al. (2002); CABI/EPPO (2012); Wikee et al. (2013); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaKabatiella zeae (eyespot)PresentIntroducedFrezzi (1972); UK, CAB International (1993); Corcuera and Sandoval (1998)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMagnaporthe oryzae Triticum pathotype (wheat blast)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveAlberione et al. (2008); Perelló et al. (2017)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella populorum (septoria leaf spot)PresentNativeSarasola (1944); Ares and Gutierrez (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDal Bello and Sisterna (2000); CABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker)PresentIntroducedSaravi Cisneros (1953); Nag Raj (1994); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentSaravi Cisneros (1950); Punithalingham and Waterston (1970)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWinter et al. (1974); UK, CAB International (1984); Gutiérrez et al. (2002)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresentLi DaPeng et al. (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaArmillaria limoneaAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Horak (1980)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaArmillaria novae-zelandiaePresentNativeSinger (1969)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAustropuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)PresentDi Fonzo (1946); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCarmona et al. (2005); Hernández (2005); Ploper et al. (2005); Ivancovich et al. (2007); CABI and EPPO (2015); Lavilla and Ivancovich (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, WidespreadCIMMYT (1988); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)PresentLindquist and Merlo (1970); CABI and EPPO (2008); Demers et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaThecaphora frezii (peanut smut)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMarinelli et al. (1995)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)Absent, Formerly presentAstiz Gasso (2019); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)Absent, Formerly presentSENASA (2020); UK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)Present, WidespreadHerrera et al. (2005); Barrionuevo and Ponssa (2008)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm)PresentElías et al. (2003); Botto et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)PresentIntroducedRioja (1943); Bastida (1971); Orensanz and Estivariz (1971); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentEPPO (2022); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentRossi (1963); Undurraga and Dybas (1988); Costilla and Barberis (1990); Costilla (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes aegyptiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentGalarza (1972); Patruele (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentLopez et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentDarwin (1854)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)Present, LocalizedNativeWeyenbergh (1874); Stone (1942); Blanchard (1961); Ovruski et al. (2003); Oroño et al. (2005); Segura et al. (2006); Vera et al. (2006); Ovruski et al. (2007); Ovruski et al. (2010); Schliserman et al. (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha grandis (South American cucurbit fruit fly)Present, LocalizedNativeStone (1942); Blanchard (1961); Norrbom (1991); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Norrbom (2004); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)CABI (Undated); Blanchard (1961); Norrbom et al. (1999); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2022);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil)Present, LocalizedIntroducedToledo et al. (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1978); Nakahara (1982); Claps et al. (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983); Mier Durante et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969); Portillo (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis melliferaPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Diniz et al. (2003); Piereira and Chaud-Netto (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAppendiseta robiniaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Present, LocalizedCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); Grille et al. (2011); Alemandri et al. (2012); Guerrero et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentShatters et al. (2009); Viscarret et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentGrille et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentIntroducedTorretta et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCactoblastis cactorum (cactus moth)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Pemberton and Cordo (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallidiellum rufipenne (Japanese cedar longhorn beetle)PresentIntroducedTurienzo (2007); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentNativeGulf States Marine Fisheries Commission (2001); Tavares (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHidalgo et al. (2005); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveMcPheron and Steck (1996); Gasparich et al. (1997); Gasperi et al. (2002); Ovruski et al. (2003); Ovruski et al. (2004); Oroño et al. (2005); Segura et al. (2006); Ovruski et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2015); Funes et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedVigliano and Darrigran (2002); Ahyong and Yeo (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); Claps et al. (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); Claps and Terán (2001); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentOrtego (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara pruinosaPresentDurante et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConoderus rufangulusPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina eucalypti (blue gum psyllid)PresentIntroducedFidalgo et al. (2005); Fidalgo et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadIntroducedMorais et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)PresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Present, WidespreadBorchsenius (1966); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDipogon lignosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)PresentIntroducedReed and Kindler (1994); Clua et al. (2004); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)PresentLue ChiaHua et al. (2017); Lavagnino et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid)PresentDelfino and Binazzi (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEssigella californica (Monterey pine aphid)PresentOrtego and Mier Durante (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDelfino and Eastop (1980)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1966); Ben-Dov (1994); Trjapitzin and Trjapitzin (1999); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNakahara (1997); Borbón et al. (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Bouvet et al. (2005); CABI and EPPO (2015); Cuello et al. (2018); Cuello et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle)PresentIntroducedMarelli (1926); Marelli (1928); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)PresentEPPO (2022); Kirk et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGreenidea ficicolaPresentCABI/EPPO (2011); Rossa et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGymnandrosoma aurantianum (citrus fruit borer)PresentAdamski and Brown (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentJacot-Guillarmod and Brothers (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGyropus ovalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveKoch et al. (2006); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Murua et al. (2014); Murúa et al. (2014); Arneodo et al. (2015); Arnemann et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa gelotopoeonPresentMurúa et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (bollworm)PresentEPPO (2022); Murúa et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1961)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentCrouzel (1973); Schotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug)PresentNativeBen-Dov (1994); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypsipyla grandella (mahogany shoot borer)PresentBaca (2018); Fiorentino and Diodato de Medina (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); Rocca et al. (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentUK, CAB International (1957)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa (blue gum chalcid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAquino et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug)PresentIntroducedKun and Masciocchi (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria lignorum (gribble)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)NMNH (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Wild (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Present, LocalizedSalvo and Valladares (1997); Scheffer and Lewis (2001); CABI and EPPO (2002); Banchio et al. (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI (Undated); Martinez and Etienne (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil)Present, WidespreadBosq (1942); Morrone (1993); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (European grapevine moth)PresentSENASA (2020); CABI/EPPO (2012); Heit et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegaplatypus mutatusPresent, WidespreadNativeWood and Bright (1992); Giménez and Etiennot (2003); CABI and EPPO (2006); Alfaro et al. (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)Present, WidespreadSmith and Cermeli (1979); UK, CAB International (1979); Foster et al. (2003); Fenton et al. (2010); Olivo and Corronca (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeoleucinodes elegantalis (eggplant stem borer)PresentEPPO (2022); Olckers et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1970); Porta (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994); CABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOxycarenus hyalinipennis (cotton, seed bug)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp)Present, LocalizedIntroducedSpivak et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPaysandisia archon (South American palm borer)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentAnkersmit and Adkisson (1967); Flint et al. (1979); UK, CAB International (1990); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug)PresentNativeSantis (1963); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus peruvianusPresentCABI and EPPO (2014); Granara de Willink and Szumik (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGranara de Willink and Szumik (2007); Kondo et al. (2008); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhilornis downsiPresentSilvestri et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentIntroducedIede et al. (2000); Kliejunas et al. (2001); Ioirio et al. (2003); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea absoluta (tomato leafminer)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBahamondes and Mallea (1969); Povolny (1975); García and Espul (1982); Schotman (1989); Cifuentes et al. (2011); Haddi et al. (2012); CABI and EPPO (2013); Lobos et al. (2013); Speranza et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Present, WidespreadCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentUK, CAB International (1986); Diez et al. (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999); Ben-Dov (1994); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentSalinas (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes dominula (European paper wasp)PresentIntroducedSackmann et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentUK, CAB International (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug)PresentEPPO (2022); Granara Willink (1991); Gimpel and Miller (1996); Dapoto et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDreistadt (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveFeldman (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBrewer et al. (1968); Havrilenko (1981); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil)PresentBlanchard (1937); Wattanapongsiri (1966); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentTrivelli (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRusselliana solanicolaPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentViscarret et al. (2000); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)Present, WidespreadIntroducedEcheverría (1991); Klasmer et al. (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentChamp and Dyte (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant)Present, LocalizedNativeCABI (Undated); Folgarait et al. (2008); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis richteri (black imported fire ant)Present, WidespreadNativePitts (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)PresentCABI (Undated); CABI and EPPO (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentEPPO (2022); Nagoshi et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTakecallis taiwanusPresentEPPO (2022); Avila et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNoack and Coviella (2006); Carpintero and Dellapé (2006); Nadel et al. (2010); Noack et al. (2011); CABI and EPPO (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTibraca limbativentris (stinkbug)PresentSchotman (1989); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentEssig (1949); CABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTremex fuscicornis (Tremex wasp)PresentLandi et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentLopez and Botto (1995); Van Nieuwenhove et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1962); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentOIE (2019); Montiel and Piola (1976); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWillink (1980); Edwards (1984); D'Adamo et al. (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWahlgreniella nervataPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentNativeISSG (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Córdoba et al. (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres cristatellusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAscidiella aspersa (European sea squirt)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar)Present, WidespreadNativeSilvano and Begossi (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAxis axis (Indian spotted deer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)PresentIntroducedLong (2003); Borghese (2005); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCallosciurus erythraeus (Pallas's squirrel)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveNovillo and Ojeda (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCastor canadensis (beaver)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveFlueck et al. (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorella eumyota (orange-tipped sea squirt)PresentNativeKott (1969); Alurralde et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedFAO (2019); Seebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidelphis marsupialis (common opossum)Present, WidespreadNativeIUCN (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGrubb (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHoplosternum littorale (armoured catfish)PresentNativeFishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypostomus plecostomus (suckermouth catfish)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Lopez et al. (1987); Froese R and Pauly D (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGrigera and Rapoport (1983); Bonino et al. (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLycalopex griseus (South American gray fox)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)PresentIntroducedLever (1996); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet)PresentNativeInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Lizarralde and Escobar (2000); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Behnke (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat)Present, LocalizedIntroducedAnderson et al. (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Pullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Pullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedGazzari (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)Present, LocalizedNativeFjeldså and Krabbe (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhalloceros caudimaculatus (dusky millions fish)PresentNativeAlmirón et al. (2000); López et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)Present, LocalizedIntroducedSanabria et al. (2005); Akmentins and Cardozo (2010); Sanabria et al. (2011); Sanabria et al. (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRangifer tarandus (reindeer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Lopez et al. (1987); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus namaycush (lake trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Natureserve (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate)PresentIntroducedPereyra et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentIntroducedInvasiveJaksic et al. (2002); Novillo and Ojeda (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDavis (1957)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaDiadumene lineataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaGonionemus vertensPresent, Few occurrencesIntroducedFofonoff et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveGutiérrez Gregoric et al. (2013); Gregoric et al. (2011); Gutiérrez Gregoric et al. (2011); Vogler et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBiomphalaria glabrata (marsh snail)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentIntroducedInvasiveItuarte (1981); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCFIA (2009); Taylor (1914); Godan (1983); González et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAnon (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMartín et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Martín et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimacus flavusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHylton Scott (1963); Virgillito and Miquel (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimnoperna fortunei (golden mussel)PresentIntroducedInvasivePastorino et al. (1993); Darrigran and Ezcurra de Drago (2000); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMagallana gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOrensanz et al. (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMeghimatium pictumPresentGutiérrez Gregoric et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasivePeso et al. (2011); Peso and Quintana (1999); Peso et al. (2010); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMilax gagatesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)Present, WidespreadNativeHayes et al. (2008); Hayes et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea maculataPresent, WidespreadNativeHayes et al. (2012); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGiberto et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)PresentRumi et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)PresentMareggiani and Russo (1992); Doucet (1999); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Present, Few occurrencesCABI/EPPO (2011); Skantar et al. (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Absent, Formerly presentFranco et al. (1998); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera tabacum (tobacco cyst nematode)PresentChaves (1993); CABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentCostilla et al. (1979); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode)PresentWrather et al. (1997); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentTaylor et al. (1982); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode)PresentTiilikkala et al. (1995); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentChaves and Torres (1993); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadDoucet and Pinochet (1992); CABI and EPPO (2002); Cabrera et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, WidespreadCostilla et al. (1976); Doucet and Pinochet (1992); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)Absent, Formerly presentCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Present, WidespreadGutierrez (1947); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentVega (1978); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresent, LocalizedIntroducedWaicheim et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusPresentOIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusPresentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesGyrodactylus salarisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesObama nungaraPresentLago-Barcia et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaUndaria pinnatifida (Asian kelp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Casas and Piriz (1996); Casas et al. (2004); Pereyra et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla cristataPresentGardenal et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentNativeReed (1962); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum appendiculatum (palm fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMacrothelypteris torresiana (swordfern)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeThomson and Alonso-Amelot (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris vittata (Chinese ladder brake fern)PresentIntroducedInstituto de Botánica Darwinion (2019); Missouri Botanical Garden (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia)PresentUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minimaPresentNativeGBIF (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (kariba weed)Present, WidespreadGunn and Ritchie (1982); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia caven (Roman cassie)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedCSIRO (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveStellatelli et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); ILDIS (2007); IABIN (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2002); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (coojong)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); ILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)PresentNativeMarzocca (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)Present, Localized, PlantedIntroducedSimberloff et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchnatherum brachychaetumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene americana (shyleaf)PresentNativeILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); JOHNSON (1971)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentIntroducedInstituto de Botanica Darwinion (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis castellanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Mier Durante et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia niopoides (silk tree)PresentNativeZuloaga and Morrone (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium neapolitanum (False onion weed)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2008); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloysia citrodora (lemon verbena)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlstroemeria aureaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)Present, WidespreadNativeJulien et al. (1995); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)SENASA Argentina (2022); Holm et al. (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Anton and Zoluaga (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus crispusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus cruentus (red amaranth)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGrubben (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth)PresentNativeGBIF (2014); Zuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus muricatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus palmeri (Palmer amaranth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEPPO (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentZuloaga et al. (2008); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus standleyanusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedAllard (1943); King (1966); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia tenuifolia (lacy ragweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (false indigo-bush)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2018); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentIntroducedMorton (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentGBIF (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Randall (2002); Missouri Botanical Garden (2003); Borbón and Zamar (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1977); Krause (1989); Parsons and Cuthbertson (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Weeds of Australia (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia littoralis (elegant dutchman's pipe)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArmeria maritimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood)PresentLing (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Argentina (2014); Missouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentInvasiveHolm et al. (1997); USDA-ARS (2011); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus aethiopicusPresentIntroducedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus falcatus (sicklethorn)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedMendoza (1942)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster squamatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex semibaccata (Australian saltbush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAustrocylindropuntia subulata (Eve’s needle cactus)PresentIntroducedChinnock (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)Present, LocalizedInvasiveGBIF (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); Hafliger and Scholz (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)Present, LocalizedNativeHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus compressus (carpet grass)PresentAl-de et al. (1973)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa monnieri (water hyssop)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa tuldoides (punting pole bamboo)PresentIntroducedGuerreiro and Lizarazu (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedJudziewicz et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); Anton and Zuloaga (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentFrancescangeli and Mitidieri (1990); GRIIS (2018); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens subalternansPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentIntroducedInvasiveZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa barbinodisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa bladhii (Caucasian bluestem)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBougainvillea spectabilis (great bougainvillea)PresentPalmucci and Wolcan (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentIntroducedInvasiveZuloaga et al. (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedDuke (1983); Missouri Botanical Garden (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2018); Cazado et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa subsp. oleifera (turnip rape)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Planchuelo and Peterson (2000); GBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentNativeGBIF (2015); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja madagascariensis (smokebush)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedRodolfo de la Peña (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)PresentNativeWashington State Department of Ecology (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalceolaria chelidonioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repens (creeping inch-plant)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentNativeILDIS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveWorld Agroforestry Centre (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia ensiformis (jack bean)PresentIntroducedSauer (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia gladiata (sword bean)PresentIntroducedPOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna x generalis (canna lily)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentIntroducedSola (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009); Ferrand et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum baccatum (pepper)PresentNativeEshbaugh (1970); USDA-ARS (2014); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentNativeFlora del Conosur (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus chilensis (sea fig)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)PresentIntroducedGISP (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCascabela thevetia (yellow oleander)PresentNativeGovaerts (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)Present, PlantedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)PresentIntroducedMendonza (1983); World Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)PresentHolm et al. (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus longispinus (Spiny burrgrass)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea iberica (Iberian starthistle)PresentIntroducedParodi (1956); Holm et al. (1979); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensis (Maltese starthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNobile and Luján (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Eriksen et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)Present, WidespreadDorna (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCereus hildmannianusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum parqui (Chilean jessamine)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)Present, WidespreadNobile and Luján (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentHafliger and Scholz (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris gayana (Rhodes grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentNativeGautier (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon zizanioides (vetiver)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)PresentIntroducedDewey (1897)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016); Holm et al. (1979); Nobile and Luján (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus verticillata (possum grape vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome gynandraPresentIntroducedKuhn (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome hasslerianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum bungei (rose glorybower)PresentIntroducedFlora Mesoamericana (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentNativeWester and Wood (1977); Missouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClytostoma callistegioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedInstituto de Botánica Darwinion (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)PresentWilson (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentCiba Geigy (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1977); Istilart (2005); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1979); Cazado et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2004); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia jubata (purple pampas grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2008); USDA-ARS (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedGiorgis et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia)PresentIntroducedGovaerts and Barker (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria maypurensis (rattlebox weed)PresentNativeGómez-Sosa (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCroton argenteus (silver July croton)PresentNativeGovaerts (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCucumis anguria (West Indian gherkin)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea hyssopifolia (false heather)Present, LocalizedNativeHieronymus (1874)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus arizonica (Arizona cypress)PresentIntroducedFlora Argentina (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedYuncker (1932)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2003); Albo et al. (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGBIF (2016); Weeds of Australia (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon plectostachyus (African stargrass)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus aggregatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus entrerianus (deeprooted sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus eragrostis (Tall flatsedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2008); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus meyenianus (Meyen's flatsedge)PresentNativeGilly (1941); IABIN (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2015); Burkart (1952); Mier Durante et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTorres et al. (2013); Torres et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentMarzocca (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHilliard (1977); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016); GBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)PresentParodi (1943); Garbulsky and Deregibus (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium uncinatum (Silver-leaf desmodium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium aristatum (angelton bluestem)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium caricosum (nadi blue grass)PresentIntroducedCook et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichondra micranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDieffenbachia seguine (dumb cane)PresentPalmucci et al. (2011); Palmucci and Barreto (2007); Alippi and López (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2008); Clayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria eriantha (pangola grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); Encyclopedia of Life (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria fuscescens (yellow crab grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCabrera (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis tenuifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper)PresentNativeUlloa (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Francescangeli and Mitidieri (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); Pace et al. (1991); IABIN (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-pavonis (gulf cockspur grass)PresentNativeTropicos (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalisAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)SENASA Argentina (2022); GBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentNativeCabrera (1968); Cook and Urmi-König (1984); USDA-ARS (2003); Cabrera Walsh et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth)Present, LocalizedNativeUK, Royal Botanic Gardens (Kew) (2009); USA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009); USDA-ARS (2009); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, LocalizedGopal (1987); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus pungens (thorny olive)PresentIntroducedCarmona and Wright (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Istilart (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)SENASA Argentina (2022); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Argentina (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine)PresentWright et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis ciliaris (gophertail lovegrass)PresentIntroducedGiraldo Cañas et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis lehmanniana (Lehmann lovegrass)PresentIntroducedPeterson et al. (2001); Soreng et al. (2014); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis plana (South African lovegrass)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)SENASA Argentina (2022); Medeiros and Focht (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2012); Belcher (1956)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriocereus martinii (harrisia cactus)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEryngium pandanifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptusPresentConstantino (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedRejmanek and Richardson (2011); Zalba (1995); WAC (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus sideroxylon (black ironbark)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia davidiiPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentNativeGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEustachys retusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)Present, WidespreadCatullo et al. (1983); Falcon et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1991); USDA-NRCS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentIntroducedeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); GrassWorld (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentWeber (2003); FAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentWeber (2003); WBN Flora Database (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentInvasiveMitidieri and Bianchini (1973); Nobile et al. (2002); USDA-ARS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBurkart (1952)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeoffroea decorticans (Chilean palo verde)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveTortorelli (1956); Mier Durante et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlandularia aristigeraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009); WAC (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena globosa (globe amaranth)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena serrata (arrasa con todo)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)Present, PlantedIntroducedI3N-Argentina (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb)PresentNativeGlobal Biodiversity Information Facility (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGymnocoronis spilanthoides (Senegal tea plant)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1979); USA, USDA-ARS (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentWolcan and Ronco (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveZalba and Villamil (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveKissmann (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009); Mederos et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliocarpus americanus (white moho)Present, LocalizedNativeUSDA-ARS (2012); Lay (1949); Grandtner and Chevrette (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum (salt heliotrope)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)Present, LocalizedJohnston (1928); Burkart (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeteropogon contortus (spear grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose)PresentLoiácono et al. (2003); Rivera et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMarzocca et al. (1976); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum euclastonPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum flexuosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum pubiflorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne)Present, WidespreadNativeFlora del Conosur (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015); Gaetán et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis brevipes (lesser roundweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (busy lizzy)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFonseca et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpheion uniflorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (white moonflower )PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008); Witt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea cairica (five-fingered morning glory)PresentIntroducedStaples (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carneaPresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea hederifolia (scarlet-creeper )PresentNativeStaples (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentStaples (2017); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea nil (white edge morning-glory)PresentNativeStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)Present, PlantedNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)Present, WidespreadNativeCSIRO (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus acutus (spiny rush)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); Kirschner (2002); FOA (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus planifolius (broadleaf rush)PresentNativeBalslev (1980); Zuloaga and Morrone (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamarckia aureaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentNativeInvasiveMorton (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana montevidensisPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus japonicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentPyrah (1969)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)Present, LocalizedInvasiveRouquaud and Videla (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentUSDA-ARS (2014); WCSP (2018);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa mucronata (mucronate sprangletop )PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum japonicum (Japanese privet)PresentIntroducedUzzell (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGavier-Pizarro et al. (2012); Aguirre-Acosta et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMontaldo (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Argentina (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax)Present, LocalizedIntroducedPuntieri and Brion (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013); Goldring et al. (2007); Goldring et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Ratera (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Argentina (2014); Blood (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentNativeZardini et al. (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peruviana (primrose willow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah)PresentZipcode Zoo (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus angustifolius (narrow-leaf lupin)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum maritimum (pukamole)PresentNativePensiero et al. (2005); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentTorres and Puntieri (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestrisPresentMier Durante et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentIntroducedWeiss et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedEvans (2001); Mier Durante et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)Present, WidespreadIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose)PresentNativeInstituto de Botánica Darwinion (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia cissoides (roadside woodrose)PresentNativeInstituto de Botánica Darwinion (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentNativeInstituto de Botánica Darwinion (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesembryanthemum crystallinum (crystalline iceplant)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia)PresentNativeMeyer (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)PresentGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)Present, LocalizedNativeHolm et al. (1977); Waterhouse and Norris (1987); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)PresentNativeWiggins and Porter (1971)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia)PresentIntroducedTropicos (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaModiola caroliniana (Carolina bristlemallow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass)PresentIntroducedTroncoso and Bacigalupo (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry)PresentNativeInstituto de Botánica Darwinion (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentOrchard (1981); Claps (1991); Maine et al. (1998); Nunez et al. (1998); Sabbatini et al. (1998); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (Undated); GBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella neesiana (Chilean needlegrass)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella tenuissima (Mexican feather grass)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass)Present, LocalizedNativeErb (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru)PresentMarzocca (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana langsdorffiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana longifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana plumbaginifolia (Tex-Mex tobacco)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationFunk et al. (2007); Mercado Cárdenas et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid)PresentIntroducedGaray and Taylor (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCabrera (1971); Boeleke (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia aurantiaca (jointed cactus)Present, LocalizedNativeMoran et al. (1976); USDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia humifusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis articulataPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis debilis (pink woodsorrel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentIntroducedPuntieri and Brion (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentNativeGarcia (2000); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)Present, WidespreadNativeCastex et al. (1940); Dale (1981); Aneja et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentNativeChase (1929); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum fasciculatum (bull grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum millegrana (yerba brava)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum notatum (Bahia grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)Present, WidespreadNativeZuloaga et al. (1994); Missouri Botanical Garden (2012); Soreng et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum virgatum (sword grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower)PresentNativeInvasiveDendinagi (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); Cervi (1997); Wolcan and Larran (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)Present, LocalizedNativeKillip (1938); Dendinagi (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia)Present, PlantedIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008); Jiang (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass)PresentIntroducedSisterna and Wolcan (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)PresentWeber (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPereskia aculeata (Lemon-vine)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria maculosa (redshank)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass)PresentIntroducedOram et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentHolm et al. (1979); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris platensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentILDIS (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentIntroducedKew (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedHanelt et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)PresentIntroducedUSDA-APHIS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationNativeCerri (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveGottschlich (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedSimberloff et al. (2010); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSarasola et al. (2006); Langdon et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveZalba (1995); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveZalba (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Zuloaga et al. (2008); Lenicov et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Conticello and Gandullo (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Argentina (2014); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa flabellataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)SENASA Argentina (2022); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPontederia cordata (pickerel weed)PresentWitt and Luke (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPontederia rotundifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)Present, PlantedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedLegrand (1952)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis ruscifoliaPresent, LocalizedNativeInvasiveMorello et al. (1971); Burkart (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentIntroducedWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Argentina (2013); Carranza et al. (2002); Schliserman et al. (2004); USDA-ARS (2012); FAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPyracantha coccinea (scarlet firethorn)PresentIntroducedInvasiveVergara-Tabares et al. (2016); Missouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus cymbalariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus parviflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus sativus (radish)PresentIstilart (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)Present, PlantedIntroducedAnon (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMaddox et al. (1985); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Argentina (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Mier Durante et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentGorustovich et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRotala ramosiorPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentIntroducedMillhollon and Burner (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry)PresentFunes et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentSerra et al. (2013); Budde et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix humboldtiana (pencil willow)Present, WidespreadNativeIsebrands and Richardson (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalpichroa origanifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015); Mier Durante et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)PresentIntroducedHurrell et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); USDA-ARS (2007); McKay et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); Garcia and Monteiro (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSechium edule (chayote)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)Absent, Formerly presentHARPER and WOOD (1957); Holm et al. (1979); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio madagascariensis (fireweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCabrera (1941); López et al. (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresent, WidespreadIntroducedDelhey and Kiehr-Delhey (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); Keller (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna corymbosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna hirsuta (hairy senna)PresentNativeILDIS (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationHanelt et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)Present, WidespreadNativePalmer and Pullen (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); ILDIS (2002); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedIrwin and Barneby (1982); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania)PresentNativeErb (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); Arregui et al. (2001); GBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida linifolia (flaxleaf fanpetals)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSinapis arvensis (wild mustard)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveMorton (1976); Amor (1978); Holm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)Present, LocalizedNativeRoe (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium (sticky nightshade)PresentNativePOWO (2020); CABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentUSDA-ARS (2014); Avila et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum verneiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)PresentNativeGRIN (2008); Nee (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisPresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2010); GBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFonseca et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2014); Istilart (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina densifloraPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSanhueza and Zalba (2012); Mier Durante et al. (2012); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphaeralcea bonariensisPresentCazado et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphaeralcea miniataPresentMier Durante et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus indicus (rat tail grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Govaerts (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)Present, Few occurrencesNativeTroncoso (1979); Davidse et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentHolm et al. (1977); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarindus indica (tamarind)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix ramosissima (saltcedar)PresentIntroducedGaskin and Schaal (2003); Missouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)PresentIntroducedZuloaga and Morrone (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)Present, WidespreadIntroducedGracia et al. (1983); Holm et al. (1997); Doucet et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedUlloa (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013); Zuloaga and Morrone (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda quadrivalvis (grader grass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2019); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina herbacea (cane tibouchina)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia rotundifolia (red sunflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachelium caeruleumPresentWolcan and Grego (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachypogon spicatus (spiked crinkleawn)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTragus berteronianusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTragus racemosus (stalker bur grass)PresentIntroducedSulekic and Zapater (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentMarzocca (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTropaeolum majus (common nasturtium)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTropaeolum polyphyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)Present, WidespreadCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeCrespo and Pérez-Moreau (1967)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2007); IABIN (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass)PresentIntroducedZuloaga and Morrone (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa platyphylla (broadleaf signalgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWeigend and Luebert (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVachellia macracantha (porknut)PresentILDIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentIntroducedInvasiveISSG (2014); Missouri Botanical Garden (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena bonariensis (clusterflower vervain)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena brasiliensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena)Present, LocalizedNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)Present, WidespreadInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Lopez et al. (1996); GBIF (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHurrell et al. (2011); Mier Durante et al. (2012); ILDIS (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentNativeInvasiveIstilart (2005); Missouri Botanical Garden (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2016); Darwin Botanical Institute (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZinnia peruviana (Peruvian zinnia)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentNativeGradstein and Sipman (1978)
EukaryotaProtistaParamyxeaMarteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bovisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia exitiosaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia ostreaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium catenatumPresent, LocalizedBalech (1964)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus olseniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiPresentIntroducedDesquesnes et al. (2013); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusArterivirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusavian metapneumovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentCABI (Undated)
Virusbluetongue virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine leukemia virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus)PresentVergani (1945); Bitancourt (1955); CABI/EPPO (2013); Cáceres et al. (2013); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCowpea mild mottle virus (angular mosaic of beans)PresentRodríguez Pardina et al. (2004); Celli et al. (2016); CABI and EPPO (2019); EPPO (2022)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusepizootic haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1Present, LocalizedOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine influenzavirusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusfowlpox virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusHaliotid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious myonecrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious salmon anemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusMacrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusMaize chlorotic mottle virusPresent, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2014); Teyssandier et al. (1983)
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentTeyssandier et al. (1983); Yossen et al. (1983); CABI and EPPO (2003); CABI (Undated)
VirusMaize lethal necrosis diseasePresentGordon et al. (1984); CABI (Undated)
Virusmyxoma virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNewcastle disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNipah virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentCabrera Mederos et al. (2016)
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentCABI (Undated); CABI and EPPO (2009)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Present, Few occurrencesZotto et al. (2006); CABI and EPPO (2007); Zotto et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Absent, EradicatedCABI (Undated); Fernandez Valiela and Calderoni (1965); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrabies virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusred sea bream iridovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (sugarcane mosaic)PresentISSCT (1989); EPPO (2022)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2022)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusTomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (tomato spotted wilt)PresentUK, CAB International (1978); Ferrand et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
VirusWest Nile virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
VirusWhite spot syndrome virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
abalone viral ganglioneuritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
acarapisosis of honey beesAbsentOIE (2019); EPPO (2009); OIE (2019)
actinomycosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
acute hepatopancreatic necrosis diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
American foul broodPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); Alippi (1992); Alippi (1997); OIE (2019)
anaplasmosisPresentSpäth (1987); Rios et al. (1990); Späth et al. (1990); Guglielmone (1994); Guglielmone et al. (1997); OIE Handistatus (2005)
anthraxPresentOIE (2019); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); OIE (1997); OIE (2019)
Aujeszky's diseasePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian adenoviruses infectionsPresent, WidespreadMenendez (1975)
avian chlamydiosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian encephalomyelitisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avian infectious bronchitisPresentOIE (2019); Delamer (1974); OIE (2019)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
avian leukosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian tuberculosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
babesiosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009); Aguirre et al. (1990); Guglielmone et al. (1992); Gaido et al. (1997); Guglielmone et al. (1997)
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
blacklegPresentGuzmán and Micalizzi (1992); OIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetonguePresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bonamiosis (Bonamia exitiosa)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bonamiosis (Bonamia ostreae)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresent, LocalizedIntroducedWaicheim et al. (2014)
bovine adenoviruses infectionsPresentCarrillo et al. (1986)
bovine anaplasmosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine babesiosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine coronavirus infectionPresentPanighi et al. (1992); Pinto et al. (1993)
bovine enterovirus infectionPresentPuntel (1997)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine herpesvirus 5 infectionPresentCarillo et al. (1983)
bovine immunodeficiency virus infectionPresentGonzález et al. (2008)
bovine papular stomatitisPresentRodríguez Armesto et al. (1988)
bovine parainfluenza 3 infectionPresent, WidespreadRuiz et al. (1989); Fulton et al. (2000); Maidana et al. (2012)
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infectionPresentBagnis et al. (1999)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine tuberculosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BP virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Present, LocalizedOIE (2019); Samartino et al. (1999); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)PresentOIE (2019); Russo and Monzón (1998); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)PresentOIE (2019); Robles et al. (1993); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Present, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2000); OIE (2019)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)Conigliaro et al. (1999); OIE Handistatus (2005)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
caseous lymphadenitisAbsent, No presence record(s)Arrigo et al. (1993); OIE Handistatus (2005)
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentFernandez and Ouviña (1999)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
ChytridiomycosisPresent, WidespreadHerrera et al. (2005); Barrionuevo and Ponssa (2008)
classical swine feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Clostridium novyi infectionsPresent, WidespreadSchranner et al. (1992); Uzal et al. (1992)
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemiaPresentUzal et al. (1999); OIE Handistatus (2005)
coccidiosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious agalactiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious ecthymaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious ophthalmiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
crayfish plagueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultryPresentAbramovich et al. (2001)
dermatophilosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Digenean infections of fishPresentSemenas (1998)
dourineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck virus hepatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EchinococcusPresentOIE (2009)
Echinococcus granulosusPresentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
Echinococcus multilocularisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
eperythrozoonosis in pigsPresentMachuca et al. (1999)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic ulcerative syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine coital exanthemaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine infectious anaemiaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine influenzaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2009)
equine piroplasmosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine rhinopneumonitisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
equine viral arteritisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Escherichia coli infectionsPresentMagnasco and Odeon (1984); Bellinzoni et al. (1990); Sanz et al. (1998); Parma et al. (2000)
European foul broodPresentOIE (2019); Schotman (1989); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
fowl choleraPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
fowl typhoidPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
fowlpoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Fusobacterium necrophorum infectionsPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
glandersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Haemophilus somnus infectionPresentCampero et al. (1992); Campero et al. (1993); Carrillo et al. (1993)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
hepatitis E virus infectionPresent, WidespreadMunné et al. (2006)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
inclusion body rhinitisPresentCABI (Undated)
infection with Marteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infection with Perkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infection with Perkinsus olseniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Infection with salmonid alphavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious coryzaPresentTerzolo et al. (1993); Terzolo et al. (1999); OIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious laryngotracheitisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
infectious myonecrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious salmon anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
koi herpesvirus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
leishmaniosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); Cruz et al. (2010); OIE (2019)
leptospirosisPresentOIE (2009)
listeriosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
malignant catarrhal feverPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Mannheimia haemolytica infectionsPresentAuad et al. (2001)
Marek's diseasePresentOIE (2009)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Mycoplasma bovis infectionsPresentMargineda et al. (2017)
myxomatosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
necrotizing hepatopancreatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
neosporosisPresentCampero et al. (1998); Venturini et al. (1999)
Newcastle diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
nocardiosis of fishPresentConroy (1964)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
paratuberculosisPresentWhittington et al. (2019); Ubach (1941); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Philornis downsi infestationPresentSilvestri et al. (2011)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Porcine hemagglutinating encephalomyelitisPresentQuiroga et al. (2008)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
pullorum diseasePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
pulmonary adenomatosisPresentGea and González Quintana (1992); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rabiesPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); Delpietro and Nader (1989); Delpietro et al. (1991); OIE (2019)
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
reticuloendotheliosisPresentBrandetti et al. (1990)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultryPresent, WidespreadMatton et al. (1989); Bellinzoni et al. (1990); Ochi et al. (1992)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2PresentOIE (2020)
sheep and goat poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
small hive beetle infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
spherical baculovirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
spring viraemia of carpAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Staphylococcus aureus infectionsPresent, WidespreadCalvinho et al. (1997); Quiñones and Demo (1997); Sordelli et al. (2000)
stranglesPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
surraPresentIntroducedDesquesnes et al. (2013); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
swine dysenteryPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Taura syndromeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
theileriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
toxoplasmosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
TrichinellaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
trichomonosisPresentOIE (2009)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
trypanosomosisPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
tuberculosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); Fisanotti et al. (1998); OIE (2019)
tularaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE (2019); Montiel and Piola (1976); OIE (2019)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
visna/maediAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
West Nile feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
white spot diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
white tail diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Xenohaliotis californiensis infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
yellow head diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
Almonds, with shellArea harvested434 Im421 Im408 Im395 Im382 Im
Production quantity812 Im789 Im765 Im741 Im715 Im
Yield18,710 Fc18,741 Fc18,750 Fc18,759 Fc18,717 Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corianderArea harvested6,502 Im7,338 Im8,528 Im9,922 Im8,431 Im
Production quantity5,841 Im6,540 F7,539 Im8,700 F7,290 F
Yield8,983 Fc8,913 Fc8,840 Fc8,768 Fc8,647 Fc
ApplesArea harvested22,335 Im23,95819,49620,49526,727 Im
Production quantity538,722 Im510,478458,908458,908693,275
Yield241,201 Fc213,072 Fc235,386 Fc223,912 Fc259,391 Fc
ApricotsArea harvested2,369 Im2,366 Im2,363 Im2,361 Im2,362 Im
Production quantity27,153 Im27,048 Im26,943 Im26,838 Im26,959 Im
Yield114,618 Fc114,320 Fc114,020 Fc113,672 Fc114,136 Fc
ArtichokesArea harvested3,900 Im3,940 Im3,982 Im4,026 Im4,104 Im
Production quantity111,853 Im110,464 Im109,076 Im107,688 Im106,771 Im
Yield286,803 Fc280,365 Fc273,923 Fc267,481 Fc260,163 Fc
AsparagusArea harvested2,934 Im2,869 Im2,804 Im2,739 Im2,662 Im
Production quantity11,751 Im11,475 Im11,198 Im10,922 Im10,580 Im
Yield40,051 Fc39,997 Fc39,936 Fc39,876 Fc39,745 Fc
AvocadosArea harvested583 Im583 Im583 Im583 Im581 Im
Production quantity4,137 Im4,115 Im4,092 Im4,069 Im4,030 Im
Yield70,961 Fc70,583 Fc70,189 Fc69,794 Fc69,363 Fc
BananasArea harvested8,419 Im8,412 Im8,406 Im8,399 Im8,394 Im
Production quantity176,555 Im176,321 Im176,087 Im175,853 Im176,076 Im
Yield209,710 Fc209,607 Fc209,478 Fc209,374 Fc209,764 Fc
BarleyArea harvested1,256,360 Im1,209,995870,2131,246,891888,873
Production quantity5,117,247 Im5,061,0693,741,1584,938,7232,901,495
Yield40,731 Fc41,827 Fc42,991 Fc39,608 Fc32,642 Fc
Beans, dryArea harvested419,927416,209415,340361,135436,560
Production quantity578,713473,389413,605366,588604,817
Yield13,781 Fc11,374 Fc9,958 Fc10,151 Fc13,854 Fc
Beans, greenArea harvested5,205 Im3,110 Im2,248 Im1,779 Im1,485 Im
Production quantity3,133 Im3,212 Im3,292 Im3,371 Im3,466 Im
Yield6,019 Fc10,328 Fc14,644 Fc18,949 Fc23,340 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea harvested1,927 Im1,908 Im1,888 Im1,869 Im1,853 Im
Production quantity17,100 Im16,952 Im16,805 Im16,658 Im16,557 Im
Yield88,739 Fc88,847 Fc89,010 Fc89,128 Fc89,352 Fc
Canary seedArea harvested26,70814,49531,74019,31426,129
Production quantity41,13722,27844,35429,47931,657
Yield15,403 Fc15,369 Fc13,974 Fc15,263 Fc12,116 Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea harvested9,039 Im9,162 Im9,386 Im9,5009,338 Im
Production quantity285,978 Im284,486 Im293,255 Im302,000280,208 Im
Yield316,382 Fc310,506 Fc312,439 Fc317,895 Fc300,073 Fc
CassavaArea harvested19,552 Im19,405 Im19,259 Im19,112 Im19,002 Im
Production quantity195,852 Im194,367 Im192,882 Im191,398 Im190,330 Im
Yield100,170 Fc100,163 Fc100,152 Fc100,145 Fc100,163 Fc
Castor oil seedArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Cereals nesArea harvested26,040 Im25,912 Im25,786 Im25,659 Im25,377 Im
Production quantity16,325 Im16,283 Im16,241 Im16,199 Im16,112 Im
Yield6,269 Fc6,284 Fc6,298 Fc6,313 Fc6,349 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested15,408,405 A15,112,061 A14,135,566 A11,751,299 A11,713,405 A
Production quantity84,948,777 A70,591,476 A76,397,144 A61,147,495 A55,980,088 A
Yield55,131 Fc46,712 Fc54,046 Fc52,035 Fc47,791 Fc
CherriesArea harvested3,032 Im2,792 Im2,585 Im2,406 Im2,255 Im
Production quantity7,170 Im7,145 Im7,120 Im7,095 Im7,115 Im
Yield23,648 Fc25,591 Fc27,544 Fc29,489 Fc31,552 Fc
Chick peasArea harvested68,424 Im75,611 Im93,594 Im29,00055,000
Production quantity137,244 Im144,541184,000 F60,000104,000
Yield20,058 Fc19,116 Fc19,659 Fc20,690 Fc18,909 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea harvested2,716 Im2,731 Im2,745 Im2,758 Im2,790 Im
Production quantity3,169 Im3,168 Im3,166 Im3,165 Im3,171 Im
Yield11,668 Fc11,600 Fc11,534 Fc11,476 Fc11,366 Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea harvested6,404 Im6,442 Im6,481 Im6,521 Im6,536 Im
Production quantity155,006 Im153,570 Im152,134 Im150,697 Im150,677 Im
Yield242,046 Fc238,389 Fc234,738 Fc231,095 Fc230,534 Fc
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvested137,361 A137,236 A134,954 A131,020 A131,511 A
Production quantity3,469,277 A3,541,671 A3,272,000 A3,281,320 A3,184,681 A
Yield252,566 Fc258,072 Fc242,453 Fc250,444 Fc242,161 Fc
Fibre crops nesArea harvested1,394 Im1,390 Im1,387 Im1,426 Im1,485 Im
Production quantity1,415 Im1,411 Im1,407 Im1,447 Im1,506 Im
Yield10,151 Fc10,151 Fc10,144 Fc10,147 Fc10,141 Fc
Fibre Crops PrimaryArea harvested337,186 A323,582 A257,614 A381,132 A460,094 A
Production quantity4,110 A4,077 A4,044 A4,052 A4,000 A
Yield122 Fc126 Fc157 Fc106 Fc87 Fc
FigsArea harvested276 Im275 Im274 Im273 Im271 Im
Production quantity868 Im868 Im869 Im869 Im868 Im
Yield31,449 Fc31,564 Fc31,715 Fc31,832 Fc32,030 Fc
Flax fibre and towArea harvested2,896 Im2,907 Im2,917 Im2,926 Im2,864 Im
Production quantity2,695 Im2,666 Im2,637 Im2,605 Im2,494 Im
Yield9,306 Fc9,171 Fc9,040 Fc8,903 Fc8,708 Fc
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested464,495 A466,419 A459,122 A461,134 A470,099 A
Production quantity7,958,710 A8,066,872 A6,815,541 A6,894,023 A7,811,902 A
Yield171,341 Fc172,953 Fc148,447 Fc149,502 Fc166,176 Fc
GarlicArea harvested15,787 Im15,692 Im15,597 Im15,503 Im15,606 Im
Production quantity147,649 Im147,088 Im146,527 Im145,966 Im148,459 Im
Yield93,526 Fc93,734 Fc93,946 Fc94,153 Fc95,129 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area harvested4,637 Im4,7084,8503,8825,353
Production quantity112,630 Im114,118112,000102,259130,382
Yield242,894 Fc242,392 Fc230,928 Fc263,418 Fc243,568 Fc
GrapesArea harvested215,169218,233220,848223,944224,707
Production quantity2,519,8862,573,3111,965,2061,758,4182,415,571
Yield117,112 Fc117,916 Fc88,985 Fc78,520 Fc107,499 Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea harvested387,014443,864334,050341,838424,628
Production quantity1,337,229921,2311,031,0821,001,1131,010,777
Yield34,552 Fc20,755 Fc30,866 Fc29,286 Fc23,804 Fc
HopsArea harvested402 Im397 Im393 Im388 Im381 Im
Production quantity493 Im486 Im480 Im474 Im465 Im
Yield12,264 Fc12,242 Fc12,214 Fc12,216 Fc12,205 Fc
Lemons and limesArea harvested57,541 Im57,66553,74451,92650,616
Production quantity1,904,765 Im1,989,4001,676,0001,678,3371,561,606
Yield331,027 Fc344,993 Fc311,849 Fc323,217 Fc308,520 Fc
LentilsArea harvested11,846 Im13,407 Im15,606 Im19,00026,000
Production quantity16,299 Im18,60520,000 F22,00034,000
Yield13,759 Fc13,877 Fc12,816 Fc11,579 Fc13,077 Fc
LinseedArea harvested9,04614,24612,40013,00017,000
Production quantity9,95019,51513,57516,61020,085
Yield10,999 Fc13,699 Fc10,948 Fc12,777 Fc11,815 Fc
LupinsArea harvested116 Im114 Im112 Im110 Im110 Im
Production quantity173 Im171 Im169 Im166 Im166 Im
Yield14,914 Fc15,000 Fc15,089 Fc15,091 Fc15,091 Fc
MaizeArea harvested7,232,7617,138,6206,530,6735,346,5934,626,880
Production quantity56,860,70443,462,32349,475,89539,792,85433,817,744
Yield78,615 Fc60,883 Fc75,759 Fc74,427 Fc73,090 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea harvested273 Im272 Im271 Im270 Im270 Im
Production quantity2,186 Im2,178 Im2,170 Im2,161 Im2,164 Im
Yield80,073 Fc80,074 Fc80,074 Fc80,037 Fc80,148 Fc
MatéArea harvested172,269 Im165,327165,327165,327183,601 Im
Production quantity302,183 Im302,099291,309280,020285,518
Yield17,541 Fc18,273 Fc17,620 Fc16,937 Fc15,551 Fc
Melons, other (inc.cantaloupes)Area harvested5,839 Im5,746 Im5,640 Im5,510 Im5,271 Im
Production quantity81,416 Im81,231 Im81,155 Im81,079 Im81,275 Im
Yield139,435 Fc141,370 Fc143,892 Fc147,149 Fc154,193 Fc
MilletArea harvested2,1881,8002,7704,4202,040
Production quantity4,1402,2545,3286,8674,640
Yield18,921 Fc12,522 Fc19,235 Fc15,536 Fc22,745 Fc
OatsArea harvested238,166218,399321,054239,640244,528
Production quantity571,630491,713784,981553,435524,716
Yield24,001 Fc22,514 Fc24,450 Fc23,094 Fc21,458 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested19,349,472 A18,939,519 A19,951,769 A21,856,749 A21,909,276 A
Production quantity61,705,154 A43,453,787 A60,652,974 A63,863,294 A66,905,553 A
Yield31,890 Fc22,943 Fc30,400 Fc29,219 Fc30,538 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested19,228,001 A18,826,505 A19,804,971 A21,765,595 A21,788,283 A
Production quantity46,290,537 A32,177,718 A45,733,854 A48,541,660 A50,760,446 A
Yield24,075 Fc17,092 Fc23,092 Fc22,302 Fc23,297 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested19,349,472 A18,939,519 A19,951,769 A21,856,749 A21,909,276 A
Production quantity12,104,883 A8,708,588 A11,839,345 A12,287,137 A12,870,239 A
Yield6,256 Fc4,598 Fc5,934 Fc5,622 Fc5,874 Fc
Oilseeds nesProduction quantityImImImImIm
OlivesArea harvested119,273 Im110,458 Im144,293 Im88,655 Im118,548 Im
Production quantity325,862 Im303,989 F400,000 *247,555 F334,848 F
Yield27,321 Fc27,521 Fc27,721 Fc27,923 Fc28,246 Fc
Onions, dryArea harvested27,214 Im27,039 Im26,187 Im24,00025,490 Im
Production quantity696,840 Im703,785 Im669,180 Im600,000668,252 Im
Yield256,059 Fc260,285 Fc255,539 Fc250,000 Fc262,162 Fc
OrangesArea harvested45,957 Im46,02346,81445,98443,272
Production quantity1,026,367 Im1,006,7791,025,0001,032,4461,001,309
Yield223,332 Fc218,756 Fc218,952 Fc224,523 Fc231,399 Fc
PapayasArea harvested204 Im200 Im197 Im193 Im190 Im
Production quantity2,206 Im2,202 Im2,198 Im2,194 Im2,201 Im
Yield108,137 Fc110,100 Fc111,574 Fc113,679 Fc115,842 Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea harvested12,835 Im11,70012,31312,64812,508
Production quantity210,000226,00089,705250,737266,000
Yield163,615 Fc193,162 Fc72,854 Fc198,242 Fc212,664 Fc
PearsArea harvested26,244 Im24,55320,87922,16922,922 Im
Production quantity595,427 Im565,697517,754522,414619,305
Yield226,881 Fc230,398 Fc247,978 Fc235,651 Fc270,179 Fc
Peas, dryArea harvested63,178 Im70,010 Im78,407 Im88,000130,000
Production quantity102,802 Im109,736120,000 F140,000208,000
Yield16,272 Fc15,674 Fc15,305 Fc15,909 Fc16,000 Fc
Peas, greenArea harvested14,462 Im14,337 Im14,213 Im14,089 Im13,977 Im
Production quantity29,260 Im29,038 Im28,816 Im28,594 Im28,302 Im
Yield20,232 Fc20,254 Fc20,274 Fc20,295 Fc20,249 Fc
PeppermintProduction quantity7,002 Im7,010 Im7,017 Im7,024 Im6,994 Im
PineapplesArea harvested180 Im179 Im179 Im179 Im178 Im
Production quantity3,278 Im3,280 Im3,282 Im3,285 Im3,283 Im
Yield182,111 Fc183,240 Fc183,352 Fc183,520 Fc184,438 Fc
Plums and sloesArea harvested15,942 Im16,48116,70317,25318,510
Production quantity150,716 Im176,00039,110150,229161,000
Yield94,540 Fc106,790 Fc23,415 Fc87,074 Fc86,980 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested68,457 Im67,876 Im76,649 Im75,50074,338 Im
Production quantity2,209,220 Im2,193,455 Im2,454,850 Im2,430,8662,329,939 Im
Yield322,716 Fc323,156 Fc320,272 Fc321,969 Fc313,425 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested565,418 A577,259 A604,947 A499,114 A649,523 A
Production quantity852,331 A763,394 A754,579 A605,412 A967,540 A
Yield15,074 Fc13,224 Fc12,473 Fc12,130 Fc14,896 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea harvested19,016 Im19,047 Im19,077 Im19,107 Im18,740 Im
Production quantity266,555 Im268,496 Im270,437 Im272,378 Im271,769 Im
Yield140,174 Fc140,965 Fc141,761 Fc142,554 Fc145,021 Fc
QuincesArea harvested3,322 Im3,309 Im3,296 Im3,283 Im3,283 Im
Production quantity28,589 Im28,422 Im28,256 Im28,089 Im28,007 Im
Yield86,060 Fc85,893 Fc85,728 Fc85,559 Fc85,309 Fc
RapeseedArea harvested18,57418,22024,93035,41054,600
Production quantity39,68935,44949,84067,381104,849
Yield21,368 Fc19,456 Fc19,992 Fc19,029 Fc19,203 Fc
Rice, paddyArea harvested183,285198,170204,100207,740232,590
Production quantity1,189,8661,367,9681,328,3401,404,9801,558,100
Yield64,919 Fc69,030 Fc65,083 Fc67,632 Fc66,989 Fc
Rice, paddy (rice milled equivalent)Production quantity793,641 Fc912,435 Fc886,003 Fc937,122 Fc1,039,253 Fc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested110,680 A109,828 A118,331 A116,912 A115,619 A
Production quantity2,742,559 A2,723,886 A2,982,372 A2,955,481 A2,854,596 A
Yield247,792 Fc248,014 Fc252,036 Fc252,795 Fc246,897 Fc
RyeArea harvested49,32145,03440,89034,39051,112
Production quantity86,56686,09878,81060,67697,398
Yield17,552 Fc19,118 Fc19,274 Fc17,644 Fc19,056 Fc
Safflower seedArea harvested28,64634,79926,13479,95644,280
Production quantity24,32727,83917,58451,55028,680
Yield8,492 Fc8,000 Fc6,728 Fc6,447 Fc6,477 Fc
Seed cottonArea harvested332,896319,285253,310376,780455,745
Production quantity872,721813,692616,160673,145795,345
Yield26,216 Fc25,485 Fc24,324 Fc17,866 Fc17,452 Fc
SorghumArea harvested342,623437,463541,955673,550658,576
Production quantity1,601,4351,563,4452,526,9313,029,3303,098,148
Yield46,740 Fc35,739 Fc46,626 Fc44,976 Fc47,043 Fc
SoybeansArea harvested16,575,88716,318,06017,335,10219,504,64819,352,115
Production quantity55,263,89137,787,92754,971,62658,799,25861,446,556
Yield33,340 Fc23,157 Fc31,711 Fc30,146 Fc31,752 Fc
Spices nesArea harvested1,312 Im1,323 Im1,330 Im1,345 Im1,359 Im
Production quantity1,502 Im1,499 Im1,496 Im1,494 Im1,498 Im
Yield11,448 Fc11,330 Fc11,248 Fc11,108 Fc11,023 Fc
StrawberriesArea harvested1,044 Im1,050 Im1,056 Im1,063 Im1,072 Im
Production quantity14,750 Im14,516 Im14,281 Im14,045 Im13,766 Im
Yield141,284 Fc138,248 Fc135,237 Fc132,126 Fc128,414 Fc
String beansArea harvested6,650 Im6,565 Im6,482 Im6,399 Im6,316 Im
Production quantity49,586 Im49,272 Im48,958 Im48,643 Im48,373 Im
Yield74,565 Fc75,053 Fc75,529 Fc76,017 Fc76,588 Fc
Sugar caneArea harvested476,176 Im457,884 Im422,098 Im409,037 Im385,000
Production quantity17,652,814 Im18,464,782 Im18,698,786 Im18,436,08217,872,791
Yield370,720 Fc403,263 Fc442,996 Fc450,719 Fc464,228 Fc
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvested476,176 A457,884 A422,098 A409,037 A385,000 A
Production quantity17,652,814 A18,464,782 A18,698,786 A18,436,082 A17,872,791 A
Yield370,720 Fc403,263 Fc442,996 Fc450,719 Fc464,228 Fc
Sunflower seedArea harvested1,875,9381,678,0311,819,0451,413,9631,439,915
Production quantity3,825,7503,537,5453,546,7073,000,3673,158,290
Yield20,394 Fc21,082 Fc19,498 Fc21,220 Fc21,934 Fc
Sweet potatoesArea harvested22,671 Im22,547 Im22,423 Im22,300 Im22,279 Im
Production quantity337,487 Im336,064 Im334,640 Im333,217 Im334,327 Im
Yield148,863 Fc149,050 Fc149,240 Fc149,425 Fc150,064 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clementines, satsumasArea harvested29,226 Im28,84029,54629,22832,270
Production quantity425,515 Im431,374459,000468,278491,384
Yield145,595 Fc149,575 Fc155,351 Fc160,216 Fc152,273 Fc
TeaArea harvested39,794 Im39,60039,60039,60039,600
Production quantity85,730 Im81,98181,47685,01582,492
Yield21,543 Fc20,702 Fc20,575 Fc21,468 Fc20,831 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvested53,665 Im54,72857,32143,81555,194
Production quantity106,319 Im104,093117,15493,671109,106
Yield19,812 Fc19,020 Fc20,438 Fc21,379 Fc19,768 Fc
TomatoesArea harvested16,828 Im16,870 Im16,912 Im16,954 Im16,689 Im
Production quantity658,106 Im659,773 Im661,439 Im663,105 Im661,406 Im
Yield391,078 Fc391,092 Fc391,106 Fc391,120 Fc396,313 Fc
Treenuts, TotalArea harvested15,653 A15,333 A14,819 A14,485 A9,765 A
Production quantity19,300 A19,201 A19,177 A19,153 A16,406 A
Yield12,330 Fc12,523 Fc12,941 Fc13,223 Fc16,801 Fc
Tung nutsArea harvested2,198 Im2,556 Im2,505 Im2,499 Im2,445 Im
Production quantity5,735 Im6,600 F6,400 F6,315 F6,123 F
Yield26,092 Fc25,822 Fc25,549 Fc25,270 Fc25,043 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested187,960 A185,206 A183,103 A179,941 A179,802 A
Production quantity3,347,395 A3,334,120 A3,289,556 A3,210,391 A3,229,727 A
Yield178,091 Fc180,022 Fc179,656 Fc178,414 Fc179,627 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested60,521 Im60,133 Im59,734 Im59,324 Im58,859 Im
Production quantity931,678 Im913,461 Im895,244 Im877,027 Im851,464 Im
Yield153,943 Fc151,907 Fc149,872 Fc147,837 Fc144,662 Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea harvested15,219 Im14,91214,41114,0909,383 Im
Production quantity18,488 Im18,41218,41218,41215,691 Im
Yield12,148 Fc12,347 Fc12,776 Fc13,067 Fc16,723 Fc
WatermelonsArea harvested9,068 Im9,074 Im9,079 Im9,085 Im9,087 Im
Production quantity126,374 Im126,389 Im126,405 Im126,420 Im126,326 Im
Yield139,363 Fc139,287 Fc139,228 Fc139,152 Fc139,018 Fc
WheatArea harvested6,050,9535,822,1735,566,3853,953,1024,957,300
Production quantity19,459,72718,518,04518,395,10611,314,95213,930,078
Yield32,160 Fc31,806 Fc33,047 Fc28,623 Fc28,100 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
* = Unofficial figure
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
F = FAO estimate
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea148,768 Fm148,700 Fm148,700 Fm148,700 Fm148,700 Fm
AgricultureArea148,768 Fc148,700 Fc148,700 Fc148,700 Fc148,700 Fc
Agriculture area actually irrigatedArea1,391 Q
Agriculture area certified organicArea3,617 W3,180 W2,844 W3,064 W3,016 W
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area3,617 W3,180 W2,844 W3,064 W3,016 W
Arable landArea39,200 Fm39,200 Fm39,200 Fm39,200 Fm39,200 Fm
Country areaArea278,040 Q278,040 Q278,040 Q278,040 Q278,040 W
CroplandArea40,268 Fm40,200 Fm40,200 Fm40,200 Fm40,200 Fm
Forest landArea28,791 Q28,899 Q29,010 Q29,097 Q29,320 Fm
Inland watersArea4,371 Fm4,371 Fm4,371 Fm4,371 Fm4,371 Fm
Land areaArea273,669 Fm273,669 Fm273,669 Fm273,669 Fm273,669 Fm
Land area equipped for irrigationArea2,360 Fm2,360 Fm2,360 Fm2,360 Fm2,360 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea108,500 Fm108,500 Fm108,500 Fm108,500 Fm108,500 Fm
Land under permanent cropsArea1,068 Q1,000 Fm1,000 Fm1,000 Fm1,000 Fm
Land under temp. meadows and pasturesArea4,400 Fm4,400 Fm4,400 Fm4,400 Fm4,400 Fm
Land under temporary cropsArea32,000 Fm32,000 Fm32,000 Fm32,000 Fm32,000 Fm
Land with temporary fallowArea2,800 Fm2,800 Fm2,800 Fm2,800 Fm2,800 Fm
Naturally regenerating forestArea27,416 Q27,555 Q27,695 Q27,812 Q28,055 Fm
Other landArea96,110 Fc96,070 Fc95,959 Fc95,872 Fc95,649 Fc
Planted ForestArea1,375 Q1,344 Q1,315 Q1,285 Q1,265 Fm
Primary ForestArea1,738 Fm1,738 Fm1,738 Q1,738 Fm
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.