Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Armenia

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Datasheet

Armenia

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Armenia
  • General data
  • Region: West Asia
  • Area (km2): 300,000
  • Climates: Dry, Subtropical
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 3,009,162
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$2,630
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$7,916,052,480
  • GDP: US$9,204,472,832
  • Agriculture, value added: US$1,661,862,400

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Present CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma) Present EPPO, 2018.
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight) Restricted distribution Introduced Yesvan der Zwet, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis platani (canker stain of plane) Absent, reported but not confirmed Introduced Simonian and Mamikonyan, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Present Introduced YesBrasier, 1991; Brasier and Kirk, 2001.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Present Introduced YesBrasier, 1991.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhoma tracheiphila (mal secco) Present Duran-Vila and Moreno, 2000.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees) Present Amano, 1986.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Widespread Babayan and Sarkisyan, 1971.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) Disease not reported Ouellet et al., 2005.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellus Present Introduced Gates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present Safaryan, 1986; Azaryan and Sevumyan, 1971.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee) Present Native Rasmont et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBythotrephes longimanus (spiny waterflea) Localised Native Kasymov, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil) Present Colonnelli, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present Borchsenius, 1936.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptococcus fagisuga (beech coccus) Present CIE, 1979; Kosztarab and Kozar, 1988; Miller and Gimpel, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale) Present Danzig, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid) Present CIE, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Present IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle) Present Azaryan et al., 1985; Nalbandyan, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerina Present NoMartinez, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (European grapevine moth) Present Vasilyan et al., 1978; Azaryan et al., 1980; Manukyan, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth) Present Mirzoyan and Mirzoyan, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly) Present Native NoKolomiets et al., 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth) Widespread Turundaevskaya, 1981; Gorbunov, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale) Present Ter-Grigorian, 1954; Ter-Grigorian, 1956; Ter-Grigorian, 1966; CIE, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white) Present Higgins, 1983; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle) Present Introduced Aslan et al., 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present Ben-Dov, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTremex fuscicornis (Tremex wasp) Present Native NoSmith, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp) Present Native NoArcher, 1998; Kostylev, 1929.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer) Present Native NoKhnzoryan, 1957.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle) Present Native NoStark, 1952; Pfeffer, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmberboa moschata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp) Present Introduced FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo) Present only in captivity/cultivation NoBorghese, 2005; Cockrill, 1977.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius gibelio (Prussian carp) Widespread Introduced Gabrielyan, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer) Localised NoWWF, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) Present Introduced FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Present Native NoBlanc et al., 1971; FAO, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish) Present Introduced Gabrielyan , 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish) Present Introduced YesFroese and Pauly, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish) Present Introduced Gabrielyan , 2001; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare) Widespread Native NoKhorozyan, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucaspius delineatus (sunbleak) Present Pipoyan, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeuciscus leuciscus (common dace) Present Native NoBlanc et al., 1971.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur) Present Introduced Gabrielyan , 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius fluviatilis (monkey goby) Localised Native Pinchuk et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNyctereutes procyonoides (raccoon dog) Present Introduced Novikov, 1962.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Native Gabrielyan, 2001; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch) Present Native Fishbase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant) Present Native Clements et al., 2014; BirdLife International, 2015a.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon) Present Introduced YesGabrielyan, 2001; Pipoyan, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach) Present Native Gabrielyan, 2001; Froese and Pauly, 2004; Kottelat and Freyhof, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout) Present Native Gabrielyan, 2001; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Khorozyan, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch) Present Native Blanc et al., 1971; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004; Blanc et al., 1971.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub) Present Native NoBlanc et al., 1971.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Native IUCN, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench) Present Native FishBase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAeluropus littoralis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalis Absent, unreliable record Native NoZhadin, 1952.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Present Pogosyan et al., 1972; Mkrtchyan, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode) Present Introduced YesIskandaryan and Arutyunyan, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode) Present Akopyan et al., 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea setacea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindrica Localised Native NoSlageren MWvan, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga chamaepitys Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlhagi maurorum (camelthorn) Present Native NoILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium ursinum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder) Present Native Yaltirik, 1967.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlthaea armeniaca Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlthaea hirsuta Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum alyssoides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum argenteum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum hirsutum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum linifolium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum simplex Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum tortuosum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (false indigo-bush) Present Introduced Euro+Med PlantBase, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill) Present Introduced Hand, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis altissima Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis tinctoria Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApera intermedia (interrupted windgrass) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApera interrupta Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium oxycedri (juniper dwarf mistletoe) Present Native NoCzerepanov, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass) Present Native NoValdés et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus galegiformis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus hamosus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus odoratus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstrodaucus orientalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena eriantha Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat) Present Holm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota nigra Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia) Present Native Euro+Med, 2016; Komarov et al., 1970.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBeckmannia eruciformis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus briziformis (rattlesnake brome) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome) Present Euro+Med, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage) Present Native Klinge, 1887a; Klinge, 1887b; Klinge, 1887c; Jehlik and Slavik, 1968; GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamintha grandiflora Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamintha nepeta Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula arvensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina laxa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina microcarpa (smallseed falseflax) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina rumelica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina sativa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula lactiflora Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus crispus (curly plumeless thistle) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex acutiformis (Swamp sedge) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex ovalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex pendula (hanging sedge) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed) Present Native YesUSDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea iberica (Iberian starthistle) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea macrocephala (giant knapweed) Present Native Wagenitz, 1975; Shoeb et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle) Present Native YesUSDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria gigantea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria syriaca Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium dichotomum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium perfoliatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium botrys Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucum (Oak-leaved goosefoot) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChorispora tenella (blue mustard) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum corymbosum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum macrophyllum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle) Present Native Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis orientalis (oriental virginsbower) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard) Present Native Mirumyan, 1991; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColutea orientalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConringia orientalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida orientalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed) Present Ivanova et al., 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronilla scorpioides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronopus squamatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocus biflorus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocus speciosus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper) Present Native Rechinger, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass) Present Native eMonocot, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder) Present Native USDA, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder) Present Native USDA, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Present Introduced Tselev and Fedorov, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus armeria (Deptford pink) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis ferruginea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus laciniatus (cutleaf teasel) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEcballium elaterium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops sphaerocephalus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium italicum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus elongatus (tall wheatgrass) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus hispidus (intermediate wheatgrass) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass) Present Saakyan et al., 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEremopoa persica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium malacoides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum repandum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge) Present USDA-ARS, 2003a.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia seguieriana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Present Native eMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue) Present Native GrassWorld, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry) Present Native Darrow, 1966.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria viridis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn) Present Native Godwin, 1943.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis ladanum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom) Present NoKomarov, 1945; Grossheim, 1952.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium dissectum (cutleaf geranium) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium rotundifolium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila perfoliata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila pilosa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pubescens Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum sosnowskyi (Sosnowskyi's hogweed) Present Native NoMandenova, 1950; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria glabra Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHesperis matronalis (damesrocket) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard) Present Native GBIF, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum marinum (seaside barley) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus pusillus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum androsaemum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam) Present Introduced GRIIS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIva xanthiifolia (marsh-elder) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoPruski, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Native Kirschner, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria macrantha Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca tatarica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLallemantia iberica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLappula barbata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed) Present Native GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed) Present Native GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium ruderale Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus racemosus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2015; Weeds of Australia, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLilium monadelphum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria genistifolia (broomleaf toadflax) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLithospermum officinale Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus angustissimus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva neglecta (common mallow) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestris Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago fischeriana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago monantha Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago monspeliaca Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago orbicularis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago orthoceras Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop) Present Introduced Valdes et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuscari neglectum (starch grape hyacinth) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyagrum perfoliatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosoton aquaticum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNigella arvensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNonea lutea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart) Present Native CWRIS, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cumana (sunflower broomrape) Present Introduced Taslakh'yan and Grigoryan, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver argemone Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver dubium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver hybridum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper) Present Introduced GRIIS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip) Present Native Euro+Med PlantBase, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia prolifera Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia saxifraga Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass) Present Native USDA-ARS(2003).
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass) Restricted distribution Fayvush, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhlomoides tuberosa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry) Present Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed) Present Native NoZahn, 1987; Meusel and Jäger, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimpinella saxifraga Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed) Present GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed) Present Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria) Widespread GRIN, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon fugax Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla reptans (sulfur cinquefoil) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrimula elatior Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Native WCSP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia distans (weeping alkali grass) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus bulbosus (bulbous buttercup) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus muricatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish) Present USDA, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed) Present Native YesUSDA-ARS, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoemeria refracta Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRorippa austriaca (Austrian fieldcress) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRostraria cristata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) Present Native YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex patientia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina procumbens Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia aethiopis (Mediterranean sage) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia glutinosa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia sclarea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia spinosa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia verticillata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia viridis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus) Native NoValdes and Scholz, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch) Present Native Virtual Herbaria Austria, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort) Present Native Komarov et al., 1961.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Present Native Komarov et al., 1961.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSideritis montana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene vulgaris (bladder campion) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irio Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys byzantina Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys macrantha Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys officinalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capillata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye) Present Native Frederiksen, 1986; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix ramosissima (saltcedar) Restricted distribution Native NoBaum, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum balsamita Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy) Present Native NoCzerepanov, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Present Introduced Arevshatyan, 1973.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium chamaedrys Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium polium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum minus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress) Present USDA et al., 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi perfoliatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium aureum (hop clover) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium diffusum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium hirtum (rose clover) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium medium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium retusum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica beccabunga (European speedwell) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica biloba (twolobe speedwell) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica chamaedrys Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica filiformis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica polita Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia lutea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia sepium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch) Present Native ILDIS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue) Present Native Euro+Med, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZygophyllum fabago (Syrian caper-bean) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictum Present Native NoKaraseferyan, 1959.
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus) Present Digiaro et al., 1999.
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Aeromonas infection in fish Present OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
American foul brood Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis Disease not reported Marutyan and Zaratsyan, 1986.
anthrax Disease not reported OIE, 2009; FAO Animal Health Yearbook(1971); OIE, 1997.
Aujeszky's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian chlamydiosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian infectious bronchitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
babesiosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bluetongue Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine anaplasmosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine viral diarrhoea No information available OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Present OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Present OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Present OIE, 2009.
camel pox No information available OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Chytridiomycosis Disease not reported Ouellet et al., 2005.
classical swine fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
contagious equine metritis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
crayfish plague Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever No information available OIE, 2009.
dourine Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
duck virus hepatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic abortion of ewes Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine infectious anaemia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
European foul brood Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Kitching, 1998.
fowl cholera Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
glanders Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
heartwater Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
infectious bursal disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a.
infectious salmon anaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
koi herpesvirus disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
lumpy skin disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Marek's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
myxomatosis No information available OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Newcastle disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Nipah virus infection No information available OIE, 2009.
paratuberculosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
peste des petits ruminants Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Plasmodium relictum infection Present Native NoKaraseferyan, 1959.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease No information available OIE, 2009.
rabies Present OIE, 2009.
red sea bream iridoviral disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Rift Valley fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
scrapie Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
small hive beetle infestation Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
surra Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Taura syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Theileria annulata infections Present Marutyan, 1977; Marutyan, 1978; OIE, 1998.
theileriosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
trichomonosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
tularaemia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
varroosis of honey bees Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009; Hubalek and Halouzka, 1999.
white spot disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
yellow head disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Apples Area Harvested 8962 9321 8811 8298 8942
Apples Production Quantity 77602 56487 120844 117199 111836
Apples Yield 86590.1 Fc 60601.9 Fc 137151 Fc 141238 Fc 125068 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 7739 7928 7808 8140 8215
Apricots Production Quantity 49357 7671 80643 83089 15681
Apricots Yield 63777 Fc 9675.83 Fc 103283 Fc 102075 Fc 19088.3 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 67873 60954 66511 66396 65180
Barley Production Quantity 178226 118574 145141 149091 162533
Barley Seed 16000 F 16000 F 16000 * 16000 * 16000 *
Barley Yield 26258.8 Fc 19453 Fc 21822.1 Fc 22454.8 Fc 24936 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 1864 1765 1952 2083 1884
Beans, dry Production Quantity 4930 4185 5549.4 5903 4951
Beans, dry Seed 200 F 200 F 200 F 200 F 200 *
Beans, dry Yield 26448.5 Fc 23711 Fc 28429.3 Fc 28338.9 Fc 26279.2 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 2291 2089 2084 2069 2223
Berries Nes Production Quantity 12627 10084 14140 15506 12949
Berries Nes Yield 55115.7 Fc 48271.9 Fc 67850.3 Fc 74944.4 Fc 58250.1 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 3453 3217 3070 3418 3531
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 128459 114279 115889 122702 132443
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 372021 Fc 355235 Fc 377489 Fc 358988 Fc 375086 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 980 940 913 970 964
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 23891 20414 23404.8 26970 27236
Carrots and turnips Yield 243786 Fc 217170 Fc 256350 Fc 278041 Fc 282531 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 323 315 306 249 308
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 10078 9931 9187 6849 8914
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 312012 Fc 315270 Fc 300229 Fc 275060 Fc 289416 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 158838 A 155674 A 164014 A 170141 A 172629 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 435470 A 321971 A 369077 A 409182 A 447521 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 43530 A 41530 A 39501 A 39779 A 41352 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 27416 Fc 20682.4 Fc 22502.8 Fc 24049.6 Fc 25923.9 Fc
Cereals, nes Area Harvested 7700 * 3800 * 5290 5801 4468
Cereals, nes Production Quantity 9507 4200 8425.3 10697 9530
Cereals, nes Yield 12346.8 Fc 11052.6 Fc 15926.8 Fc 18439.9 Fc 21329.5 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 158838 A 155674 A 164014 A 170141 A 172629 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 435470 A 321971 A 369077 A 409182 A 447521 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 43530 A 41530 A 39501 A 39779 A 41352 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 27416 Fc 20682.4 Fc 22502.8 Fc 24049.6 Fc 25923.9 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 1085 1003 997 952 1041
Cherries Production Quantity 7532 1672 7682 6598 3901
Cherries Yield 69419.4 Fc 16670 Fc 77051.1 Fc 69306.7 Fc 37473.6 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 81032 A 69074 A 75484 A 77331 A 74229 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 211388 A 138471 A 170997 A 183448 A 193288 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 16530 A 16530 A 16530 A 16500 A 16540 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 26087 Fc 20046.8 Fc 22653.4 Fc 23722.4 Fc 26039.4 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 2548 2237 2549 2339 2408
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 73678 63282 80944 81819 72109
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 289160 Fc 282888 Fc 317552 Fc 349803 Fc 299456 Fc
Figs Area Harvested 199 Im 200 F 209 193 194
Figs Production Quantity 400 * 200 * 520 313 803
Figs Yield 20100.5 Fc 10000 Fc 24880.4 Fc 16217.6 Fc 41391.8 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 45552 A 45765 A 44908 A 44598 A 45680 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 465209 A 352313 A 540868 A 503595 A 479043 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 102127 Fc 76983.1 Fc 120439 Fc 112919 Fc 104869 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 250 * 130 * 383 363 364
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 1000 * 500 * 1532 1206 1554
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 40000 Fc 38461.5 Fc 40000 Fc 33223.1 Fc 42692.3 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 500 * 500 * 500 * 500 * 500 *
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 3200 * 5800 * 4400 * 4400 * 4900 *
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 64000 Fc 116000 Fc 88000 Fc 88000 Fc 98000 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 1010 898 866 882 841
Garlic Production Quantity 10575 8810 9261.9 9180 9058
Garlic Yield 104703 Fc 98106.9 Fc 106950 Fc 104082 Fc 107705 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 14478 14613 14292 14390 14097
Grapes Production Quantity 229589 222905 208649 185832 218883
Grapes Yield 158578 Fc 152539 Fc 145990 Fc 129140 Fc 155269 Fc
Hazelnuts, with shell Area Harvested 130 Im 120 F 117 113 112
Hazelnuts, with shell Production Quantity 544 Im 500 F 544 497 414
Hazelnuts, with shell Yield 41846.2 Fc 41666.7 Fc 46495.7 Fc 43982.3 Fc 36964.3 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested 14 13 5 7 18
Lentils Production Quantity 24 36 5.3 11 25
Lentils Yield 17142.9 Fc 27692.3 Fc 10600 Fc 15714.3 Fc 13888.9 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested
Linseed Production Quantity
Linseed Yield
Maize Area Harvested 3524 2729 2637 3963 3541
Maize Production Quantity 19120 12751 15232 21172 18860
Maize Seed 150 F 150 F 150 F 100 * 150 *
Maize Yield 54256.5 Fc 46724.1 Fc 57762.6 Fc 53424.2 Fc 53261.8 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 1360 1435 831 857 690
Oats Production Quantity 3254 2601 1655.3 1624 1470
Oats Seed 230 F 230 F 230 F 230 * 220 *
Oats Yield 23926.5 Fc 18125.4 Fc 19919.4 Fc 18949.8 Fc 21304.3 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested A A A A A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity A A A A A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested A A A A A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity A A A A A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield
Onions, dry Area Harvested 1961 1869 2085 2487 2227
Onions, dry Production Quantity 40576 38282 50416.2 61449 56847
Onions, dry Yield 206915 Fc 204826 Fc 241804 Fc 247081 Fc 255263 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 4509 4317 4283 4269 4532
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 43824 23805 57883 41651 63868
Peaches and nectarines Yield 97192.3 Fc 55142.5 Fc 135146 Fc 97566.2 Fc 140927 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 2729 2788 2756 2727 2905
Pears Production Quantity 23039 16575 28247 29322 27106
Pears Yield 84422.9 Fc 59451.2 Fc 102493 Fc 107525 Fc 93308.1 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 44 76 71 59 31
Peas, dry Production Quantity 114 164 124 125 78
Peas, dry Yield 25909.1 Fc 21579 Fc 17464.8 Fc 21186.4 Fc 25161.3 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 145 68 72 76 100
Peas, green Production Quantity 534 163 334.6 284 437
Peas, green Yield 36827.6 Fc 23970.6 Fc 46472.2 Fc 37368.4 Fc 43700 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 1596 1536 1536 1486 1446
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 12376 4014 10344 12077 11226
Plums and sloes Yield 77543.9 Fc 26132.8 Fc 67343.8 Fc 81271.9 Fc 77634.9 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 28665 28326 31998 34298 31612
Potatoes Production Quantity 557322 481956 593551 648562 583934
Potatoes Seed 130000 F 125000 F 128000 137200 126700
Potatoes Yield 194426 Fc 170146 Fc 185496 Fc 189096 Fc 184719 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 30 * 20 * 25 50 * 60 *
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 133 84 104 132 109
Pulses, nes Yield 44333.3 Fc 42000 Fc 41600 Fc 26400 Fc 18166.7 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1952 A 1874 A 2053 A 2199 A 1993 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 5201 A 4469 A 5782.7 A 6171 A 5163 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 200 A 200 A 200 A 200 A 200 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 26644.5 Fc 23847.4 Fc 28167.1 Fc 28062.8 Fc 25905.7 Fc
Quinces Area Harvested 274 284 279 269 269
Quinces Production Quantity 1209 739 1432 1332 1917
Quinces Yield 44124.1 Fc 26021.1 Fc 51326.2 Fc 49516.7 Fc 71263.9 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 28665 A 28326 A 31998 A 34298 A 31612 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 557322 A 481956 A 593551 A 648562 A 583934 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 130000 A 125000 A 128000 A 137200 A 126700 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 194426 Fc 170146 Fc 185496 Fc 189096 Fc 184719 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 575 156 215 314 350
Rye Production Quantity 1281 345 543 864 895
Rye Seed 150 F 150 F 150 * 170 * 170 *
Rye Yield 22278.3 Fc 22115.4 Fc 25255.8 Fc 27515.9 Fc 25571.4 Fc
Sour cherries Area Harvested 740 756 763 737 737
Sour cherries Production Quantity 2854 1561 3698 3799 3586
Sour cherries Yield 38567.6 Fc 20648.2 Fc 48466.6 Fc 51546.8 Fc 48656.7 Fc
Stone fruit, nes Area Harvested 200 * 300 * 207 205 215
Stone fruit, nes Production Quantity 600 * 300 * 854 1271 833
Stone fruit, nes Yield 30000 Fc 10000 Fc 41256 Fc 62000 Fc 38744.2 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 600 F 600 F 600 F 2000 F 1800 F
Sugar beet Production Quantity 10000 F 10000 F 10000 F 30000 F 27000 F
Sugar beet Yield 166667 Fc 166667 Fc 166667 Fc 150000 Fc 150000 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 614 417 297 170 118
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 2386 1376 1054.8 538 268
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 38859.9 Fc 32997.6 Fc 35515.2 Fc 31647.1 Fc 22711.9 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 6837 6517 6231 6257 7372
Tomatoes Production Quantity 275470 251916 278582 293784 321472
Tomatoes Yield 402911 Fc 386552 Fc 447090 Fc 469529 Fc 436072 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1477 A 1520 A 1557 A 1462 A 1508 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 5040 A 4300 A 4333 A 4471 A 4980 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 34123.2 Fc 28289.5 Fc 27829.2 Fc 30581.4 Fc 33023.9 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 7656 7397 7821 7539 7825
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 223855 200517 251785 222301 216771
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 292392 Fc 271079 Fc 321935 Fc 294868 Fc 277024 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 30677 A 27934 A 30076 A 29663 A 31460 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 967995 A 840100 A 1035910 A 1007500 A 1051580 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 315544 Fc 300745 Fc 344429 Fc 339648 Fc 334260 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 30677 A 27934 A 30076 A 29663 A 31460 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 967995 A 840100 A 1035910 A 1007500 A 1051580 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 315544 Fc 300745 Fc 344429 Fc 339648 Fc 334260 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Area Harvested 1347 Im 1400 F 1440 1349 1396
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity 4496 Im 3800 F 3789 3974 4566
Walnuts, with shell Yield 33377.9 Fc 27142.9 Fc 26312.5 Fc 29458.9 Fc 32707.7 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 5764 4476 6163 5446 5884
Watermelons Production Quantity 180879 132506 216101 182159 206295
Watermelons Yield 313808 Fc 296037 Fc 350643 Fc 334482 Fc 350603 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 77806 86600 88530 92810 98400
Wheat Production Quantity 224082 183500 198080 225734 254233
Wheat Seed 27000 F 25000 F 22971 23279 24812
Wheat Yield 28800.1 Fc 21189.4 Fc 22374.3 Fc 24322.2 Fc 25836.7 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Apples Area Harvested 8000 * 8300 * 8000 * 8000 * 8761
Apples Production Quantity 160800 * 210000 * 56000 * 52800 * 35200
Apples Yield 201000 Fc 253012 Fc 70000 Fc 66000 Fc 40178.1 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 5700 * 5300 * 5100 * 3400 * 3200
Apricots Production Quantity 13000 * 10000 * 5400 * 4500 * 5000
Apricots Yield 22807 Fc 18867.9 Fc 10588.2 Fc 13235.3 Fc 15625 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 49400 65462 64628 60392 61701
Barley Production Quantity 49476 110771 131138 68273 109495
Barley Seed 15000 * 11500 * 14800 * 15100 * 15000
Barley Yield 10015.4 Fc 16921.4 Fc 20291.2 Fc 11305 Fc 17746.1 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 1770 1688 1799 1777 1687
Beans, dry Production Quantity 3717 4085 4959 4470 3309
Beans, dry Seed 180 * 170 * 160 * 170 * 170
Beans, dry Yield 21000 Fc 24200.2 Fc 27565.3 Fc 25154.8 Fc 19614.7 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 1000 * 1100 * 1016 170 167
Berries Nes Production Quantity 3000 * 2700 * 2381 428 378
Berries Nes Yield 30000 Fc 24545.5 Fc 23435 Fc 25176.5 Fc 22634.7 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 3573 3444 3202 3290 3425
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 115934 107172 93789 92585 82688
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 324472 Fc 311185 Fc 292908 Fc 281413 Fc 241425 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 999 919 936 888 720
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 16030 17075 14382 11811 12420
Carrots and turnips Yield 160460 Fc 185800 Fc 153654 Fc 133007 Fc 172500 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 234 242 305 213 214
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 7043 5621 6219 4943 3605
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 300983 Fc 232273 Fc 203902 Fc 232066 Fc 168458 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 157554 A 202111 A 197983 A 194816 A 184869 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 214943 A 399168 A 459985 A 309582 A 412083 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 43520 A 40920 A 51531 A 50788 A 50360 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 13642.5 Fc 19749.9 Fc 23233.6 Fc 15891 Fc 22290.5 Fc
Cereals, nes Area Harvested 4593 5060 4891 4392
Cereals, nes Production Quantity 3161 7333 8337 4339
Cereals, nes Yield 6882.21 Fc 14492.1 Fc 17045.6 Fc 9879.33 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 157554 A 202111 A 197983 A 194816 A 184869 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 214943 A 399168 A 459985 A 309582 A 412083 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 43520 A 40920 A 51531 A 50788 A 50360 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 13642.5 Fc 19749.9 Fc 23233.6 Fc 15891 Fc 22290.5 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 1200 * 1200 * 1100 * 700 * 650 *
Cherries Production Quantity 8000 * 7500 * 2700 * 2300 * 2800 *
Cherries Yield 66666.7 Fc 62500 Fc 24545.5 Fc 32857.1 Fc 43076.9 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 57366 A 74537 A 73504 A 68704 A 65645 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 62043 A 133468 A 160085 A 88605 A 122913 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 15520 A 11820 A 15231 A 15588 A 15360 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 10815.3 Fc 17906.3 Fc 21779.1 Fc 12896.6 Fc 18723.9 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 2360 2367 2231 2019 1949
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 72629 64407 60250 36582 36580
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 307750 Fc 272104 Fc 270058 Fc 181189 Fc 187686 Fc
Figs Area Harvested
Figs Production Quantity
Figs Yield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 44548 A 43385 A 42362 A 32661 A 34366 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 487371 A 479953 A 267393 A 184727 A 186179 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 109404 Fc 110626 Fc 63121 Fc 56558.9 Fc 54175.3 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 1500 * 1500 * 1669 888 783
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 6300 * 5400 * 3500 * 1730 1153
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 42000 Fc 36000 Fc 20970.6 Fc 19482 Fc 14725.4 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 500 * 510 * 547 142 196
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 2000 * 1800 * 2250 * 569 1026
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 40000 Fc 35294.1 Fc 41133.5 Fc 40070.4 Fc 52346.9 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 844 781 753 761 675
Garlic Production Quantity 9198 8681 7288 6504 5119
Garlic Yield 108981 Fc 111152 Fc 96786.2 Fc 85466.5 Fc 75837 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 14098 13475 13560 11301 12434
Grapes Production Quantity 201371 164353 148892 81600 103962
Grapes Yield 142837 Fc 121969 Fc 109802 Fc 72206 Fc 83611.1 Fc
Hazelnuts, with shell Area Harvested
Hazelnuts, with shell Production Quantity
Hazelnuts, with shell Yield
Lentils Area Harvested 21 11 9 27 8
Lentils Production Quantity 22 24 18 78 11
Lentils Yield 10476.2 Fc 21818.2 Fc 20000 Fc 28888.9 Fc 13750 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested
Linseed Production Quantity
Linseed Yield
Maize Area Harvested 2528 3161 3127 3310 3252
Maize Production Quantity 8421 14127 19322 15241 12156
Maize Seed 140 * 50 * 121 * 123 * 130
Maize Yield 33310.9 Fc 44691.6 Fc 61790.8 Fc 46045.3 Fc 37380.1 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 679 558 441 465 542
Oats Production Quantity 739 650 884 594 964
Oats Seed 190 * 180 * 150 * 135 * 150
Oats Yield 10883.7 Fc 11648.8 Fc 20045.3 Fc 12774.2 Fc 17786 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested A A A A A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity A A A A A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested A A A A A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity A A A A A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield
Onions, dry Area Harvested 2394 2078 2097 1853 2116
Onions, dry Production Quantity 62234 48787 42789 33521 37319
Onions, dry Yield 259958 Fc 234779 Fc 204049 Fc 180901 Fc 176366 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 5700 * 5400 * 5200 * 3500 * 3220
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 30000 * 25600 * 11400 * 9500 * 10500
Peaches and nectarines Yield 52631.6 Fc 47407.4 Fc 21923.1 Fc 27142.9 Fc 32608.7 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 3600 * 3700 * 3500 * 2700 * 2915
Pears Production Quantity 36100 * 30000 * 21270 * 19900 * 8960
Pears Yield 100278 Fc 81081.1 Fc 60771.4 Fc 73703.7 Fc 30737.6 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 118 91 116 41 25
Peas, dry Production Quantity 127 166 149 81 48
Peas, dry Yield 10762.7 Fc 18241.8 Fc 12844.8 Fc 19756.1 Fc 19200 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 69 70 45 84 192
Peas, green Production Quantity 796 619 296 274 622
Peas, green Yield 115362 Fc 88428.6 Fc 65777.8 Fc 32619 Fc 32395.8 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 2800 * 2600 * 2500 * 1700 * 1540
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 15000 * 15400 * 11000 * 9100 * 10000
Plums and sloes Yield 53571.4 Fc 59230.8 Fc 44000 Fc 53529.4 Fc 64935.1 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 33012 34299 35690 32286 30474
Potatoes Production Quantity 539477 564211 576427 507518 374263
Potatoes Seed 129600 * 135000 * 140300 * 146100 * 132000
Potatoes Yield 163418 Fc 164498 Fc 161509 Fc 157194 Fc 122814 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 60 * 58 60 78
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 100 74 108 81
Pulses, nes Yield 16666.7 Fc 12758.6 Fc 18000 Fc 10384.6 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1969 A 1848 A 1984 A 1923 A 1720 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3966 A 4349 A 5234 A 4710 A 3368 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 180 A 170 A 160 A 170 A 170 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 20142.2 Fc 23533.5 Fc 26381 Fc 24493 Fc 19581.4 Fc
Quinces Area Harvested
Quinces Production Quantity
Quinces Yield
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 33012 A 34299 A 35690 A 32286 A 30474 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 539477 A 564211 A 576427 A 507518 A 374263 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 129600 A 135000 A 140300 A 146100 A 132000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 163418 Fc 164498 Fc 161509 Fc 157194 Fc 122814 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 166 296 417 145 150
Rye Production Quantity 246 587 404 158 298
Rye Seed 190 * 90 * 160 * 230 * 80
Rye Yield 14819.3 Fc 19831.1 Fc 9688.25 Fc 10896.5 Fc 19866.7 Fc
Sour cherries Area Harvested
Sour cherries Production Quantity
Sour cherries Yield
Stone fruit, nes Area Harvested 450 F 300 F 170 * 160 * 500 F
Stone fruit, nes Production Quantity 11800 * 7200 * 2600 * 2300 * 7200 *
Stone fruit, nes Yield 262222 Fc 240000 Fc 152941 Fc 143750 Fc 144000 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 1200 F 1100 F 400 F 80 54
Sugar beet Production Quantity 18000 F 16000 F 6000 F 1500 811
Sugar beet Yield 150000 Fc 145455 Fc 150000 Fc 187500 Fc 150185 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 80 210 480 526 890
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 171 500 1100 1204 2714
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 21375 Fc 23809.5 Fc 22916.7 Fc 22889.7 Fc 30494.4 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 7205 6291 6374 7236 5618
Tomatoes Production Quantity 319285 234948 229478 225573 170008
Tomatoes Yield 443144 Fc 373467 Fc 360022 Fc 311737 Fc 302613 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested A A A A A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity A A A A A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 7500 6800 6300 6800 5300
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 176900 176377 146199 157534 118300 *
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 235867 Fc 259378 Fc 232062 Fc 231668 Fc 223208 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 29178 A 26852 A 26273 A 27202 A 24062 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 914984 A 781485 A 713590 A 684744 A 556403 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 313587 Fc 291034 Fc 271606 Fc 251726 Fc 231237 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 29178 A 26852 A 26273 A 27202 A 24062 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 914984 A 781485 A 713590 A 684744 A 556403 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 313587 Fc 291034 Fc 271606 Fc 251726 Fc 231237 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Area Harvested
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity
Walnuts, with shell Yield
Watermelons Area Harvested 4000 3860 4030 4058 3853
Watermelons Production Quantity 134935 117798 112900 115417 89742
Watermelons Yield 337338 Fc 305176 Fc 280149 Fc 284418 Fc 232915 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 100188 127574 124479 126112 119224
Wheat Production Quantity 152900 265700 299900 220977 289170
Wheat Seed 28000 * 29100 * 36300 * 35200 * 35000
Wheat Yield 15261.3 Fc 20827.1 Fc 24092.4 Fc 17522.3 Fc 24254.3 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 1710.6 Fm 1735 Fm 1745.9 Fm 1747.32 Q 1751.9 Q
Agricultural area certified organic Area 0.3 I 0.2 I 0.2 I 0.2 I
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 0.45 I 0.4 I 0.4 I 0.1 I
Agricultural area irrigated Area 155.76 Q 154.6 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 0.75 I 0.6 I 0.6 I 0.3 I
Arable land Area 430.2 Fm 448.5 W 449 W 449.41 Q 452.1 Q
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 483.6 Fm 503.6 Fm 502 Fm 503.41 Q 506.1 Q
Country area Area 2974 W 2974 W 2974 W 2974 Q 2974 W
Fallow land Area 136 Fm 145.8 Fm 126.5 Fm 134.81 Q 135.6 Q
Forest area Area 257.8 Fm 262 Q 266.2 Fm 270.4 Fm 274.6 Fm
Inland water Area 126 Fm 126 Fm 126 Fm 126 Fm 126 Fm
Land area Area 2848 Fm 2848 Fm 2848 Fm 2848 I 2848 I
Other land Area 879.6 Fm 851 Fm 835.9 Fm 830.28 Fm 821.5 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area 127 Fm 127.1 Fm 127.3 Fm 127.35 Q 127.5 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area 1100 Fm 1104.3 W 1116.6 W 1116.56 Q 1118.3 Q
Permanent crops Area 53.4 W 55.1 W 53 W 54 Q 54 W
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 1227 Fm 1231.4 Fm 1243.9 Fm 1243.91 Q 1245.8 Q
Temporary crops Area 294.2 W 302.7 W 322.5 W 314.6 Q 316.5 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 274 Fm 274 Fm 274 Fm 274 Fm 274 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 1756.4 Q 1605 Fm 1505 Fm 1444 Fm 1391 Fm
Agricultural area certified organic Area
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area
Agricultural area irrigated Area 153.9 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 0.2 I 0.3 I
Arable land Area 452.9 Q 455 Fm 455 Fm 455 Fm 455 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 503.9 Q 505 Fm 505 Fm 494 Fm 491 Fm
Country area Area 2974 W 2974 W 2974 W 2974 W 2974 W
Fallow land Area 135.87 Q
Forest area Area 278.8 Fm 283 Q 287.2 Fm 291.4 Fm 295.6 Fm
Inland water Area 126 Fm 126 Fm 126 Fm 126 Fm 126 Fm
Land area Area 2848 I 2848 I 2848 I 2848 I 2848 I
Other land Area 812.8 Fm 960 Fm 1055.8 Fm 1112.6 Fm 1161.4 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area 127.5 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area 1125 Q
Permanent crops Area 51 W 50 W 50 W 39 W 36 W
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 1252.5 Q 1100 Fm 1000 Fm 950 Fm 900 Fm
Temporary crops Area 317.03 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 274 I 274 Fm 274 Fm 274 Fm 274 I
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files