Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Albania

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Datasheet

Albania

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Albania
  • General data
  • Region: Europe
  • Area (km2): 290,000
  • Climates: Subtropical
  • Capital: Tirana
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 3,181,326
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$3,300
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$10,511,990,784
  • GDP: US$10,831,224,832
  • Agriculture, value added: US$1,965,158,016

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma) Present Myrta et al., 2003; EPPO, 2018.
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight) Restricted distribution Introduced YesIsufi and Myrta, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis No information available OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower) Present Kola, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Widespread Introduced YesBrasier and Kirk, 2001.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Widespread YesBrasier, 1991.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhoma tracheiphila (mal secco) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees) Present Amano, 1986.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot) Restricted distribution Native NoLushaj, 2001.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Present Casulli & Rici, 1991.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcanthococcus araucariae Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite) Present Leka, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid) Present Native NoEichhorn, 1969; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present Karsholt and Razowski, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present Balliu and Cota, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraephaga Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidimorpha cincta Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta dilutipennis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtomaria lewisi Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly) Present Hawkes et al., 2005; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBisnius palmi Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBisnius parcus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee) Present Native Rasmont et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchus signaticornis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer) Widespread Native YesSimova-Tosic and Filev, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus fumatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus nepos Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus pilosellus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus tersus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus zeaphilus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercyon laminatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerodontha unisetiorbita Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth) Present Native CIE, 1977; Karsholt and Razowski, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present Danzig and Pellizzari, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird) Present de Jong et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaColeophora deauratella (red clover casebearer) Present Fauna Europaea, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptopleurum subtile Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDasineura oxycoccana (blueberry gall midge) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDemyrsus meleoides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes formosensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEotetranychus weldoni Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpuraea ocularis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid) Present CIE, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulepidosaphes pyriformis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig) Present Native NoMuranyi, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Restricted distribution Introduced YesÇota and Merkuri, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGymnaspis aechmeae Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer) Present Native Razowski, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Widespread IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaKuwanaspis bambusae Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius turcicus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug) Present, few occurrences van der Heyden, 2018a.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth) Present Native YesIsufi and Myrta, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucothrips nigripennis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle) Present Native NoCox, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerina Present NoAustralian Government, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLithocharis nigriceps Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (European grapevine moth) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle) Present CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn) Present Native YesAlthoff and Danilevsky, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid) Present Isufi and Myrta, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present Balliu and Cota, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNearctaphis bakeri Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaObolodiplosis robiniae (black locust gall midge) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOmonadus floralis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp) Present Native Nod'Udekem d'Acoz, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present Karsholt and Razowski, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhilonthus spinipes Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Absent, reported but not confirmed CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis vitegenella Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present Salinas, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaonidia paeoniae Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil) Widespread Native NoAlonso-Zarazaga and Talamelli, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhizoecus dianthi Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhizoecus latus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhopalapion longirostre Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil) Present CABI/EPPO, 2016; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer) Present Native NoCIE, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStephanitis oberti Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStictocephala alta Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present Balliu and Cota, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle) Widespread Native NoDanilevsky, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug) Present, few occurrences Introduced van der Heyden, 2017; CABI/EPPO, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary) Present Native CIE, 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present Balliu and Cota, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrisetacus juniperinus (juniper gall mite) Present Native YesRoques et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma longisetosum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma megatomoides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2018; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite) Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp) Widespread Native NoArcher, 1998; Cetkovic, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer) Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylotrechus stebbingi Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead) Present Introduced FAO, 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo) Present NoCockrill, 1977; Borghese, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius gibelio (Prussian carp) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2011; Lusk, pers. comm..
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer) Absent, formerly present IUCN, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike) Widespread Native Blanc et al., 1971.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish) Present Introduced FAO, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish) Present Introduced YesFroese and Pauly, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemiramphus far Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp) Present Introduced NoFishBase, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare) Widespread Native NoMitchell-Jones et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur) Introduced, not established Froese and Pauly, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataParexocoetus mento (African sailfin flyingfish) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch) Present Native Fishbase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey) Present Native Vladykov, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPodarcis sicula (Italian wall lizard) Present Introduced Mizsei et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy) Present Introduced Crivelli, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach) Present Native Dhora, 2010; Kottelat and Freyhof, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout) Present Dhora, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch) Present Native Dhora, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSaurida undosquamis (brushtooth lizardfish) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004; Blanc et al., 1971.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub) Present Native NoDhora, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove) Present Native NoBirdLife International, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Native IUCN, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAeluropus littoralis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel) Present Introduced Ruci et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail) Present Introduced NoDhora and Welter-Schultes, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Widespread Native NoJaeckel, 1954; Bank, 2011a.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel) Present Native Hickman, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster) Present Introduced Katsanevakis et al., 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk) Present Introduced Ruci et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail) Present EPPO, 2014; Dhora and Welter-Schultes, 1996; Bank, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Present Shepherd and Barker, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode) Restricted distribution Introduced YesJovani, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Restricted distribution Shepherd and Barker, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode) Present Merkuri et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathi Present Stojanovski et al., 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium No information available OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea Present Introduced YesMartino and Giaccone, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Widespread Native Tutin and et al, 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaChondria pygmaea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaLophocladia lallemandii Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaNeosiphonia paniculata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia fucoides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea crithmifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea pannonica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent) Present Native NoTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis castellana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga chamaepitys Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga reptans (carpet bugle) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium nigrum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium paniculatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium roseum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass) Present Native NoFlora Europaea, 2008; Clarke, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus rendlei Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlthaea hirsuta Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum alyssoides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum argenteum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum minus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum montanum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum simplex Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Present Aellen and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed) Present Aellen and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed) Present Aellen and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmi visnaga Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass) Present Native Euro+Med PlantBase, 2011; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (false indigo-bush) Present Introduced Euro+Med PlantBase, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnchusa stylosa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnemone halleri Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill) Present Hand, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis altissima Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis austriaca Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis tinctoria Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis triumfettii Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium oxycedri (juniper dwarf mistletoe) Widespread Native NoAtlas Florae Europaeae, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass) Present Native NoTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArum italicum (Italian arum) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007; Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsarum europaeum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus albus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus hamosus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus onobrychis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAurinia petraea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAurinia saxatilis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota nigra Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota rupestris Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBeckmannia eruciformis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerteroa incana (hoary alyssum) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBifora radians Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBiscutella didyma Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBiserrula pelecinus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome) Present Native NoEuro+Med Plantbase, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza minor (small quaking grass) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome) Present Native NoGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome) Present Native Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome) Present Native NoTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryonia cretica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunium alpinum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum longifolium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamintha grandiflora Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamintha nepeta Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula arvensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina rumelica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina sativa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula fenestrellata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula patula Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculoides (creeping bellflower) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rotundifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella grandiflora Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper) Present FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex acutiformis (Swamp sedge) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex ovalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex pendula (hanging sedge) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatapodium rigidum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea jacea (brown knapweed) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle) Present Native YesUSDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed) Present Native YesTutin et al., 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria transylvanica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerinthe major Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerinthe minor Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum aromaticum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum hirsutum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus albus (White Spanish Broom) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus hirsutus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus purpureus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium bonus-henricus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium botrys Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucum (Oak-leaved goosefoot) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot) Present Brenan and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed) Present Native NoGBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum corymbosum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum macrophyllum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis flammula Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis integrifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard) Present Native Tutin et al., 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis viticella Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClinopodium vulgare Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConringia orientalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida orientalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida regalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed) Present Stace, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane) Present Introduced YesCronquist, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Present Introduced YesCronquist, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronilla scorpioides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronilla valentina Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronopus squamatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis dioscoridis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCruciata glabra Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass) Present Native eMonocot, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Present Introduced Valentine and, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder) Present Native Valentine and, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder) Present Native Valentine and, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Present Introduced Tutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Native Williams and Hunyadi, 1987; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Present EPPO, 2014; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus longus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present de Filippes, 1980; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus decumbens Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom) Present Native NoHeywood and Ball, 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015; Roskov et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Moore, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus armeria (Deptford pink) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus giganteus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis ferruginea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis lanata (Grecian foxglove) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass) Present Native Tutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis tenuifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus laciniatus (cutleaf teasel) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDittrichia graveolens (stinkwort) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDorycnium pentaphyllum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEcballium elaterium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops sphaerocephalus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium italicum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse) Widespread Native NoGreuter et al., 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus hispidus (intermediate wheatgrass) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium malacoides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErucastrum nasturtiifolium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum cuspidatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum repandum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced WAC, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia myrsinites Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia platyphyllos Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia seguieriana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia terracina (false caper) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphrasia stricta Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Present Native eMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca heterophylla Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue) Present Native GrassWorld, 2016; Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig) Present only in captivity/cultivation Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014; FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry) Present Native Darrow, 1966.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria viridis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn) Present Native Tutin et al., 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria capreolata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria densiflora Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea minima Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalanthus reginae-olgae Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis ladanum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis tetrahit Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaudinia fragilis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom) Restricted distribution Native NoGibbs and Dingwall, 1971; Greuter et al., 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista sagittalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGentiana lutea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium columbinum (longstalk cranesbill) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium dissectum (cutleaf geranium) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium macrorrhizum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium molle (dovefoot geranium) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium phaeum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium rotundifolium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeum coccineum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGladiolus italicus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlaucium flavum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria fluitans Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGratiola officinalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHainardia cylindrica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHalophila stipulacea (halophila seagrass) Present Introduced Sghaier et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy) Widespread Native Tutin et al., 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower) Present FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke) Present Introduced Tutin et al., 1976; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pubescens Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium supinum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue) Present Native NoGreuter, 2006; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria glabra Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHesperis matronalis (damesrocket) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow) Present Webb, 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus albus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam) Present Introduced GRIIS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJovibarba globifera Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Native Kirschner, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria macrantha Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca saligna Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium galeobdolon (yellow archangel) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLappula barbata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus annuus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus aphaca Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus clymenum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus grandiflorus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus hirsutus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus inconspicuus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus niger Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nissolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus ochrus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus palustris Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus pannonicus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus setifolius Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus sphaericus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus vernus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLens ervoides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeontopodium alpinum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium graminifolium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed) Present Native GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium ruderale Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLilium martagon Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria genistifolia (broomleaf toadflax) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum narbonense Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum perenne Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum trigynum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLithospermum officinale Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present Native eMonocot, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus angustissimus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus ornithopodioides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus angustifolius (narrow-leaf lupin) Present Native Rhodes and Maxted, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus micranthus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLychnis coronaria (rose campion) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum virgatum (European wand loosestrife) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalcolmia maritima Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva moschata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago coronata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago monspeliaca Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago orbicularis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago prostrata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago rigidula Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuscari neglectum (starch grape hyacinth) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyagrum perfoliatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis arvensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosoton aquaticum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNigella arvensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. europaea (European olive) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnobrychis aequidentata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnobrychis caput-galli Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle) Present Native Tutin et al., 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum illyricum (Illyrian thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrlaya grandiflora Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithogalum narbonense Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithopus compressus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape) Present Chater and Webb, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape) Present Native Chater and Webb, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape) Present Native Chater and Webb, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Q-bank, 2013; Valentine, 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass) Present Introduced NoTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver argemone Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver dubium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver hybridum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed) Present Native Reading University Herbarium, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParietaria judaica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper) Present Introduced GRIIS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present EPPO, 2014; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip) Present Native NoEuro+Med PlantBase, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia prolifera Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia saxifraga Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass) Present Native USDA-ARS(2003).
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass) Present Tutin, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum hirsutum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass) Present Native Kew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed) Present Native NoSell and West, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiptatherum miliaceum (smilograss) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago arenaria Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass) Present Native NoRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Present Native Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed) Present Jalas and Suominen, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria) Widespread TUTIN and ET, 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Walters, 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed) Present EUNIS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrimula elatior Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Native WCSP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus bulbosus (bulbous buttercup) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus ficaria (fig buttercup) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus flammula Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus muricatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus sardous Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish) Present Chater and, 1981; USDA, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda luteola Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn) Present Native Tutin et al., 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRorippa austriaca (Austrian fieldcress) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRostraria cristata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex bucephalophorus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex conglomeratus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock) Present Rechinger and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) Present Native YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex patientia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex scutatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex thyrsiflorus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuta chalepensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina procumbens Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix eleagnos Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia glutinosa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia pratensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia sclarea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia verticillata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia viridis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSatureja montana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScilla bifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScorpiurus muricatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia canina Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia scopolii Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera securidaca Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum sediforme Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort) Widespread Native Hayek, 1931; Chater and Walters, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Widespread Native Hayek, 1931; Chater and Walters, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSeseli tortuosum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Native Clayton, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail) Present Clayton, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSideritis montana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene vulgaris (bladder campion) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSmyrnium perfoliatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod) Present Introduced EPPO, 2014; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod) Present Introduced YesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Native Demiri, 1983; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Present Introduced Clayton, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry) Present Ratter and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia rubra Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed) Present Native Govaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys cretica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys officinalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys recta Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria graminea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed) Present Chater and Heywood, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capillata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye) Present Native Frederiksen, 1986; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix parviflora (small-flower tamarisk) Restricted distribution Native NoBaum, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy) Widespread Native NoHeywood, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium chamaedrys Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium polium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum aquilegiifolium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum lucidum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum minus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress) Present USDA et al., 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi kovatsii Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi perfoliatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymus pulegioides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut) Present Native NoISSG, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present Tutin, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium aureum (hop clover) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium diffusum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium echinatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium glomeratum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium hirtum (rose clover) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium lappaceum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium medium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium micranthum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium mutabile Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium nigrescens Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium pallidum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium pannonicum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium patens Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium purpureum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium scabrum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium squamosum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium squarrosum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium stellatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium striatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium suffocatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Native Chambers et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail) Present Native Cook, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle) Widespread Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle) Present Tutin et al., 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass) Present Native IUCN, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica beccabunga (European speedwell) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica chamaedrys Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica officinalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica polita Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica prostrata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica triphyllos Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia bithynica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia hybrida Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia lutea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia melanops Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia onobrychioides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia parviflora Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia peregrina Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia pisiformis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia sylvatica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch) Present Native ILDIS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVinca major (Big periwinkle) Present Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaViola suavis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue) Present Native Euro+Med, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur) Present Love, 1976.
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus Present Papa et al., 2002.
VirusEggplant mottled dwarf virus (tomato vein yellowing virus) Present Pappi et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014.
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus) Present Merkuri et al., 1994.
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka) Widespread Introduced NoRoy and Smith, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014; Palmisano et al., 2015.
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus No information available OIE, 2009.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees Present Leka, 1986; OIE, 2009.
Aeromonas infection in fish No information available OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness No information available OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
American foul brood No information available OIE, 2009.
anthrax Present OIE, 2009.
Aujeszky's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian chlamydiosis No information available OIE, 2009.
avian infectious bronchitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) No information available OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) No information available OIE, 2009.
babesiosis No information available OIE, 2009.
bluetongue Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infection Present Stojanovski et al., 2013.
bovine anaplasmosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine coronavirus infection Present Ikonomi and Dino, 1994.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis No information available OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections No information available OIE, 2009.
bovine parainfluenza 3 infection Widespread Ikonomi et al., 1988.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy No information available OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine viral diarrhoea Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Present OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) No information available OIE, 2009.
camel pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis No information available OIE, 2009.
classical swine fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia No information available OIE, 2009.
contagious equine metritis No information available OIE, 2009.
crayfish plague No information available OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Present Papa et al., 2002.
dourine No information available OIE, 2009.
duck virus hepatitis No information available OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic abortion of ewes No information available OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis No information available OIE, 2009.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern) No information available OIE, 2009.
equine infectious anaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
equine influenza No information available OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis No information available OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis No information available OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis No information available OIE, 2009.
European foul brood No information available OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowl cholera No information available OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid No information available OIE, 2009.
glanders No information available OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection No information available OIE, 2009.
heartwater Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious bursal disease No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious salmon anaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
koi herpesvirus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis Widespread Lazri et al., 2008.
leptospirosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
lumpy skin disease Present OIE, 2009.
Marek's disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000.
myxomatosis No information available OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Newcastle disease Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
Nipah virus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
paratuberculosis No information available OIE, 2009; Vavako, 1942.
peste des petits ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine enterovirus infections No information available OIE, 2009.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease No information available OIE, 2009.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease No information available OIE, 2009.
rabies Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
red sea bream iridoviral disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Rift Valley fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultry Widespread Ikonomi, 1983; Divizia et al., 2004.
scrapie No information available OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
small hive beetle infestation Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis No information available OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp No information available OIE, 2009.
surra No information available OIE, 2009.
Taura syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
theileriosis No information available OIE, 2009.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection No information available OIE, 2009.
trichomonosis No information available OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis No information available OIE, 2009.
tuberculosis No information available OIE(1997).
tularaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
varroosis of honey bees Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis No information available OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi No information available OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009; Hubalek and Halouzka, 1999.
white spot disease No information available OIE, 2009.
yellow head disease No information available OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Apples Area Harvested 10600 F 10400 Im 9400 F 8800 F 7000 F
Apples Production Quantity 56000 * 54604 47202 45000 36000
Apples Yield 52830.2 Fc 52503.8 Fc 50214.9 Fc 51136.4 Fc 51428.6 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 750 F 700 F 719 Im 700 F 400 F
Apricots Production Quantity 4000 * 3471 3850 3500 2000
Apricots Yield 53333.3 Fc 49585.7 Fc 53546.6 Fc 50000 Fc 50000 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 2840 2500 1700 1400 1400
Barley Production Quantity 8700 7300 4500 3600 3500
Barley Seed 852 Fc 400 F 400 F 400 F 400 F
Barley Yield 30633.8 Fc 29200 Fc 26470.6 Fc 25714.3 Fc 25000 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 16755 13700 14000 14300 14600
Beans, dry Production Quantity 25300 24000 23000 21800 20800
Beans, dry Seed 2940 Fc 2940 Fc 2940 Fc 3000 Fc 3020 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 15100 Fc 17518.3 Fc 16428.6 Fc 15244.8 Fc 14246.6 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 800 F 797 587 695 600 *
Beans, green Production Quantity 9600 * 9307 6902 7100 7000
Beans, green Yield 120000 Fc 116775 Fc 117581 Fc 102158 Fc 116667 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 183 Im 150 F 147 Im 150 F 93 Im
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 211 Im 200 F 225 Im 213 Im 203 Im
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 11530 Fc 13333.3 Fc 15306.1 Fc 14200 Fc 21828 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 1600 F 1653 677 1012 1050 *
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 35000 F 35832 26823 30400 25000
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 218750 Fc 216770 Fc 396204 Fc 300395 Fc 238095 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 390 F 392 198 290 200 *
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 6300 F 6303 6608 6400 4000
Carrots and turnips Yield 161538 Fc 160791 Fc 333737 Fc 220690 Fc 200000 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 365 Im 360 211 * 248 140 *
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 4600 F 4601 4917 5150 3000
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 126027 Fc 127806 Fc 233033 Fc 207661 Fc 214286 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 157269 A 145700 A 146200 A 149100 A 132390 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 701200 A 693800 A 630900 A 608500 A 493600 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 28422.7 A 21555 A 22730 A 23480 A 24795 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 44586 Fc 47618.4 Fc 43153.2 Fc 40811.5 Fc 37283.8 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 157269 A 145700 A 146200 A 149100 A 132390 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 701200 A 693800 A 630900 A 608500 A 493600 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 28422.7 A 21555 A 22730 A 23480 A 24795 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 44586 Fc 47618.4 Fc 43153.2 Fc 40811.5 Fc 37283.8 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 2700 F 2000 F 2100 F 1500 F 1400 F
Cherries Production Quantity 16500 * 12528 10871 8000 7500
Cherries Yield 61111.1 Fc 62640 Fc 51766.7 Fc 53333.3 Fc 53571.4 Fc
Chestnuts Area Harvested 2297 Im 2260 Im 2280 Im 2000 F 2000 F
Chestnuts Production Quantity 5166 Im 5290 Im 5580 5000 F 5000 F
Chestnuts Yield 22490.2 Fc 23407.1 Fc 24473.7 Fc 25000 Fc 25000 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 3100 F 3067 2933 2520 2000 *
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 70000 * 65475 51757 46600 45000
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 225806 Fc 213482 Fc 176464 Fc 184921 Fc 225000 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1750 A 1510 A 1262 A 1155 A 913 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 15000 A 13305 A 10000 A 8440 A 6725 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 85714.3 Fc 88112.6 Fc 79239.3 Fc 73073.6 Fc 73658.3 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 88050 A 71800 A 63400 A 65700 A 62100 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 408400 A 398900 A 297800 A 273500 A 244100 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 7657 A 6555 A 6730 A 6480 A 6795 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 46382.7 Fc 55557.1 Fc 46971.6 Fc 41628.6 Fc 39307.6 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 230 F 230 Im 220 F 190 F 300 F
Cottonseed Production Quantity 400 F 400 F 449 Im 489 Im 600 F
Cottonseed Seed 111 Fc 111 Fc 111 Fc 111 Fc 111 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 2100 F 2159 2041 1920 2200 *
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 69500 * 68959 60980 55700 50000
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 330952 Fc 319403 Fc 298775 Fc 290104 Fc 227273 Fc
Dates Area Harvested 3800 F 3400 F 3362 Im 3238 Im 3200 F
Dates Production Quantity 12000 * 10921 9500 9000 8000
Dates Yield 31579 Fc 32120.6 Fc 28257 Fc 27794.9 Fc 25000 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 1000 F 1038 1037 920 900 *
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 23100 * 23641 19579 17400 20000
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 231000 Fc 227755 Fc 188804 Fc 189130 Fc 222222 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 669 A 600 A 653 A 740 A 950 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 230 A 230 A 220 A 190 A 300 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 3437.97 Fc 3833.33 Fc 3369.07 Fc 2567.57 Fc 3157.89 Fc
Figs Area Harvested 11000 F 9900 Im 12000 F 11000 F 9600 F
Figs Production Quantity 19500 * 18387 19517 18000 16000
Figs Yield 17727.3 Fc 18572.7 Fc 16264.2 Fc 16363.6 Fc 16666.7 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 53677 A 48645 A 51444 A 47119 A 43474 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 398300 A 370192 A 338579 A 310053 A 286200 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 74203.1 Fc 76100.7 Fc 65815.1 Fc 65802.1 Fc 65832.4 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 4500 F 4000 F 5800 F 5000 F 6100 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 10400 * 8947 14242 10560 15462
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 23111.1 Fc 22367.5 Fc 24555.2 Fc 21120 Fc 25347.5 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 900 F 902 877 840 300 *
Garlic Production Quantity 8100 F 8132 7044 6660 6000
Garlic Yield 90000 Fc 90155.2 Fc 80319.3 Fc 79285.7 Fc 200000 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 9077 8630 8532 8061 7497
Grapes Production Quantity 195200 184900 162800 153900 146500
Grapes Yield 215049 Fc 214253 Fc 190811 Fc 190919 Fc 195412 Fc
Hops Area Harvested 1913 Im 2019 Im 2200 F 1500 F 1500 F
Hops Production Quantity 1307 Im 1269 Im 1500 F 1065 Im 1017 Im
Hops Yield 6832.2 Fc 6285.29 Fc 6818.18 Fc 7100 Fc 6780 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Area Harvested 1400 F 1436 451 830 900 *
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Production Quantity 25000 * 20682 17476 23600 20000
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Yield 178571 Fc 144025 Fc 387494 Fc 284337 Fc 222222 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 20 Im 24 Im 20 Im 19 Im 20 *
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 93 Im 100 F 109 Im 107 Im 100 *
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 46500 Fc 41666.7 Fc 54500 Fc 56315.8 Fc 50000 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 300 F 210 Im 200 F 400 F 200 F
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 2000 F 1637 1350 2840 1525
Lemons and limes Yield 66666.7 Fc 77952.4 Fc 67500 Fc 71000 Fc 76250 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 900 F 858 409 390 700 *
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 9000 F 8995 8675 6000 2000
Lettuce and chicory Yield 100000 Fc 104837 Fc 212103 Fc 153846 Fc 28571.4 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 70870 54200 47600 49000 46200
Maize Production Quantity 366400 362000 265100 245000 215900
Maize Seed 3150 Fc 2500 F 2500 F 2500 F 2500 F
Maize Yield 51700.3 Fc 66789.7 Fc 55693.3 Fc 50000 Fc 46731.6 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 123 Im 100 F 107 Im 105 Im 99 Im
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 4697 Im 4712 Im 4700 F 4000 F 3500 F
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 5031 Im 5490 Im 5237 4500 F 4000 F
Nuts, nes Yield 10711.1 Fc 11651.1 Fc 11142.5 Fc 11250 Fc 11428.6 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 12940 14000 13000 13900 13200
Oats Production Quantity 29900 27300 25000 21800 21400
Oats Seed 3235 Fc 3235 Fc 3500 Fc 3250 Fc 3475 Fc
Oats Yield 23106.7 Fc 19500 Fc 19230.8 Fc 15683.5 Fc 16212.1 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 2453 A 2200 A 2153 A 2440 A 3250 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 2088 A 1821 A 1704.99 A 1757.39 A 1750 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 121.64 A 87.33 A 85.05 A 85.05 A 85.05 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 8512.03 Fc 8277.27 Fc 7919.14 Fc 7202.42 Fc 5384.62 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 44453 A 44900 A 42153 A 47440 A 28250 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 15790 A 16620 A 18264.8 A 13452.2 A 7224 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 54.69 A 24.76 A 24.24 A 24.24 A 24.24 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 3552.07 Fc 3701.56 Fc 4332.99 Fc 2835.63 Fc 2557.17 Fc
Okra Area Harvested 792 Im 800 F 801 Im 765 Im 800 *
Okra Production Quantity 8153 Im 8000 F 8159 Im 8000 F 7400 *
Okra Yield 102942 Fc 100000 Fc 101860 Fc 104575 Fc 92500 Fc
Olives Area Harvested 42000 F 42700 Im 40000 F 45000 F 25000 F
Olives Production Quantity 65400 70000 78000 56200 27600
Olives Yield 15571.4 Fc 16393.4 Fc 19500 Fc 12488.9 Fc 11040 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 2300 F 2297 1368 F 1370 600 *
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 38000 * 33415 26306 25780 13000
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 165217 Fc 145472 Fc 192295 Fc 188175 Fc 216667 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 4100 F 4180 3916 3650 2800 *
Onions, dry Production Quantity 75000 * 70344 65467 61300 60000
Onions, dry Yield 182927 Fc 168287 Fc 167178 Fc 167945 Fc 214286 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 900 F 800 F 802 Im 643 F 600 F
Oranges Production Quantity 7400 F 6631 5750 4500 4200
Oranges Yield 82222.2 Fc 82887.5 Fc 71695.8 Fc 69984.4 Fc 70000 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 2400 F 2368 1980 2500 1800 *
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 64000 F 64622 32696 74800 40000
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 266667 Fc 272897 Fc 165131 Fc 299200 Fc 222222 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 1600 F 1315 Im 1300 F 1100 F 976 Im
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 13000 * 11525 11047 9000 7500
Peaches and nectarines Yield 81250 Fc 87642.6 Fc 84976.9 Fc 81818.2 Fc 76844.3 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 800 F 690 F 700 F 550 F 488 Im
Pears Production Quantity 8500 * 7326 7180 5570 4700
Pears Yield 106250 Fc 106174 Fc 102571 Fc 101273 Fc 96311.5 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 300 F 347 281 325 100 F
Peas, green Production Quantity 3100 F 3071 2572 2430 2000
Peas, green Yield 103333 Fc 88501.4 Fc 91530.3 Fc 74769.2 Fc 200000 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 2900 F 2500 Im 2700 F 2466 Im 2500 F
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 27500 * 26083 23791 22000 20000
Plums and sloes Yield 94827.6 Fc 104332 Fc 88114.8 Fc 89213.3 Fc 80000 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 10092 9000 9100 9800 8200
Potatoes Production Quantity 230100 208000 200000 190000 154900
Potatoes Seed 30276 Fc 30276 Fc 27000 Fc 27300 Fc 29400 Fc
Potatoes Yield 228002 Fc 231111 Fc 219780 Fc 193878 Fc 188902 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 1101 Im 900 F 1077 Im 868 Im 1068 Im
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 633 Im 600 F 633 Im 600 F 500 F
Pulses, nes Seed 60.56 Fc 60.56 Fc 49.5 Fc 59.24 Fc 47.74 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 5749.32 Fc 6666.67 Fc 5877.44 Fc 6912.44 Fc 4681.65 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 24888 A 20350 A 20978 A 21195 A 21761 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 28042 A 26600 A 25627 A 24290 A 23103 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 3685.46 A 3685.46 A 3549.5 A 3634.64 A 3655.44 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 11267.3 Fc 13071.3 Fc 12216.1 Fc 11460.3 Fc 10616.7 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 490 F 488 373 270 300 *
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 9700 F 9726 6482 5470 7000
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 197959 Fc 199303 Fc 173780 Fc 202593 Fc 233333 Fc
Quinces Area Harvested 1200 F 1000 F 980 Im 1000 F 900 F
Quinces Production Quantity 3700 * 3195 3200 3000 2813
Quinces Yield 30833.3 Fc 31950 Fc 32653.1 Fc 30000 Fc 31255.6 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested
Rice, paddy Production Quantity
Rice, paddy Seed
Rice, paddy Yield
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 10092 A 9000 A 9100 A 9800 A 8200 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 230100 A 208000 A 200000 A 190000 A 154900 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 30276 A 30276 A 27000 A 27300 A 29400 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 228002 Fc 231111 Fc 219780 Fc 193878 Fc 188902 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 1400 1100 1100 1400 1300
Rye Production Quantity 3400 2300 3200 3100 3300
Rye Seed 420 Fc 420 Fc 330 Fc 330 Fc 420 Fc
Rye Yield 24285.7 Fc 20909.1 Fc 29090.9 Fc 22142.9 Fc 25384.6 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 669 Im 600 F 653 Im 740 F 950 F
Seed cotton Production Quantity 819 Im 868 Im 959 Im 700 F 900 F
Seed cotton Yield 12242.2 Fc 14466.7 Fc 14686.1 Fc 9459.46 Fc 9473.68 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested
Sorghum Production Quantity
Sorghum Seed
Sorghum Yield
Sour cherries Area Harvested 3000 F 2600 F 2589 Im 2549 Im 2500 F
Sour cherries Production Quantity 17000 * 15000 F 15379 Im 14083 Im 13000 F
Sour cherries Yield 56666.7 Fc 57692.3 Fc 59401.3 Fc 55249.1 Fc 52000 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 324 300 300 300 200
Soybeans Production Quantity 600 500 500 600 400
Soybeans Seed 38.88 Fc 38.88 Fc 36 Fc 36 Fc 36 Fc
Soybeans Yield 18518.5 Fc 16666.7 Fc 16666.7 Fc 20000 Fc 20000 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 400 F 390 Im 400 F 300 F 200 F
Spices, nes Production Quantity 341 Im 321 Im 300 F 200 F 150 F
Spices, nes Yield 8525 Fc 8230.77 Fc 7500 Fc 6666.67 Fc 7500 Fc
Spinach Area Harvested 1200 F 1153 511 680 300 *
Spinach Production Quantity 14000 F 13768 10577 12200 6000
Spinach Yield 116667 Fc 119410 Fc 206986 Fc 179412 Fc 200000 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 2000 F 2000 F 2000 * 2000 * 2000 *
Sugar beet Production Quantity 40000 * 40000 * 40000 * 40000 * 40000 *
Sugar beet Yield 200000 Fc 200000 Fc 200000 Fc 200000 Fc 200000 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 1460 1300 1200 1400 2100
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 3000 2600 2300 2200 2400
Sunflower seed Seed 73 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 20548 Fc 20000 Fc 19166.7 Fc 15714.3 Fc 11428.6 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 550 F 500 F 260 F 112 Im 113 Im
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 5600 F 5037 2900 1100 1000
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 101818 Fc 100740 Fc 111538 Fc 98214.3 Fc 88495.6 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 1180 1200 1200 1100 1200
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 1900 1700 1600 1300 900
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 16101.7 Fc 14166.7 Fc 13333.3 Fc 11818.2 Fc 7500 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 6300 F 6161 5068 5050 6500 *
Tomatoes Production Quantity 205000 * 199283 162376 162500 160000
Tomatoes Yield 325397 Fc 323459 Fc 320395 Fc 321782 Fc 246154 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 6994 A 6972 A 6980 A 6000 A 5500 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 10197 A 10780 A 10817 A 9500 A 9000 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 14579.6 Fc 15461.9 Fc 15497.1 Fc 15833.3 Fc 16363.6 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 1300 F 1333 1500 F 1645 800 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 16000 * 14949 16964 23040 11500
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 123077 Fc 112146 Fc 113093 Fc 140061 Fc 143750 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 38257 A 37301 A 31512 A 30369 A 30610 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 898369 A 868669 A 738006 A 723617 A 679099 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 234825 Fc 232881 Fc 234198 Fc 238275 Fc 221855 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 38257 A 37301 A 31512 A 30369 A 30610 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 898369 A 868669 A 738006 A 723617 A 679099 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 234825 Fc 232881 Fc 234198 Fc 238275 Fc 221855 Fc
Vetches Area Harvested 6849 Im 5600 F 5754 Im 5877 Im 6000 F
Vetches Production Quantity 1898 Im 1800 F 1769 Im 1677 Im 1600 F
Vetches Seed 684.9 Fc 684.9 Fc 560 Fc 575.4 Fc 587.7 Fc
Vetches Yield 2771.21 Fc 3214.29 Fc 3074.38 Fc 2853.5 Fc 2666.67 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 6500 F 5488 6273 4430 7600 *
Watermelons Production Quantity 205000 * 199364 195430 142875 190000
Watermelons Yield 315385 Fc 363273 Fc 311542 Fc 322517 Fc 250000 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 69219 73900 82800 83400 70290
Wheat Production Quantity 292800 294900 333100 335000 249500
Wheat Seed 20765.7 Fc 15000 F 16000 * 17000 * 18000 *
Wheat Yield 42300.5 Fc 39905.3 Fc 40229.5 Fc 40167.9 Fc 35495.8 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Apples Area Harvested 5500 F 3000 3000 2400 2250
Apples Production Quantity 27566 16000 15000 13300 15800
Apples Yield 50120 Fc 53333.3 Fc 50000 Fc 55416.7 Fc 70222.2 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 380 F 400 F 350 F 391 Im 358 Im
Apricots Production Quantity 1900 2000 F 1800 F 2200 F 2000 F
Apricots Yield 50000 Fc 50000 Fc 51428.6 Fc 56266 Fc 55865.9 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 2175 1502 1500 1550 800
Barley Production Quantity 6000 4100 3700 2900 3800
Barley Seed 400 F 650 F 450 F 450 F 450 F
Barley Yield 27586.2 Fc 27296.9 Fc 24666.7 Fc 18709.7 Fc 47500 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 15076 16100 17200 17400 17400
Beans, dry Production Quantity 24300 23600 22400 17800 24500
Beans, dry Seed 2940 Fc 4000 F 3340 Fc 3544 Fc 3580 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 16118.3 Fc 14658.4 Fc 13023.3 Fc 10229.9 Fc 14080.5 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 600 * 600 520 500 690
Beans, green Production Quantity 16000 * 7800 7600 7500 5400
Beans, green Yield 266667 Fc 130000 Fc 146154 Fc 150000 Fc 78260.9 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 99 Im 129 Im 115 Im 111 Im 104 Im
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 237 Im 230 Im 218 Im 173 Im 238 Im
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 23939.4 Fc 17829.5 Fc 18956.5 Fc 15585.6 Fc 22884.6 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 1574 1800 1600 1700 1200 *
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 35129 41000 40500 38000 29400 *
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 223183 Fc 227778 Fc 253125 Fc 223529 Fc 245000 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 57 250 200 200 400 *
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 1268 4000 3800 3500 6700 *
Carrots and turnips Yield 222456 Fc 160000 Fc 190000 Fc 175000 Fc 167500 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 144 200 170 200 100 *
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 3210 3300 3200 2000 2000 *
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 222917 Fc 165000 Fc 188235 Fc 100000 Fc 200000 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 140870 A 147655 A 143900 A 153340 A 157600 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 507500 A 511200 A 498800 A 488500 A 518800 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 21590 A 22898.5 A 23885 A 23200 A 24227.9 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 36026.1 Fc 34621.3 Fc 34663 Fc 31857.3 Fc 32918.8 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 140870 A 147655 A 143900 A 153340 A 157600 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 507500 A 511200 A 498800 A 488500 A 518800 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 21590 A 22898.5 A 23885 A 23200 A 24227.9 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 36026.1 Fc 34621.3 Fc 34663 Fc 31857.3 Fc 32918.8 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 1500 F 1400 1300 1200 1100
Cherries Production Quantity 7680 7200 6900 6300 6000
Cherries Yield 51200 Fc 51428.6 Fc 53076.9 Fc 52500 Fc 54545.4 Fc
Chestnuts Area Harvested 2000 F 2000 F 2000 F 2000 F 2000 F
Chestnuts Production Quantity 5000 F 5000 F 5000 F 5000 F 5000 F
Chestnuts Yield 25000 Fc 25000 Fc 25000 Fc 25000 Fc 25000 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 2199 2800 2800 2800 1700 *
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 49078 46000 45600 44000 27000 *
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 223183 Fc 164286 Fc 162857 Fc 157143 Fc 158824 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 728 A 913 A 835 A 611 A 500 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 5600 A 6800 A 6262 A 4400 A 3400 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 76923.1 Fc 74479.7 Fc 74994 Fc 72013.1 Fc 68000 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 65870 A 65330 A 62500 A 62558 A 64200 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 276600 A 251200 A 245400 A 228600 A 223500 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 6590 A 6898.45 A 6884.95 A 6200 A 6227.9 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 41991.8 Fc 38450.9 Fc 39264 Fc 36542.1 Fc 34813.1 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 310 Im 329 Im 315 Im 300 F 200 F
Cottonseed Production Quantity 616 Im 590 F 590 F 620 F 432 Im
Cottonseed Seed 142.5 Fc 162 Fc 162 Fc 159 Fc 150 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 2370 1920 1900 1900 1200 *
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 52912 55000 53500 53300 32000 *
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 223257 Fc 286458 Fc 281579 Fc 280526 Fc 266667 Fc
Dates Area Harvested 3000 F 2500 F 2300 F
Dates Production Quantity 7900 6590 5800
Dates Yield 26333.3 Fc 26360 Fc 25217.4 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 766 1100 1200 1100 1100 *
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 17094 21100 20000 20000 20000 *
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 223159 Fc 191818 Fc 166667 Fc 181818 Fc 181818 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1080 A 1080 A 1060 A 1000 A 840 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 310 A 329 A 315 A 300 A 200 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 2870.37 Fc 3046.3 Fc 2971.7 Fc 3000 Fc 2380.95 Fc
Figs Area Harvested 9500 F 9000 F 7700 F 10979 Im 10043 Im
Figs Production Quantity 16650 16000 F 14000 F 17500 F 14500
Figs Yield 17526.3 Fc 17777.8 Fc 18181.8 Fc 15939.5 Fc 14437.9 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 39073 A 33830 A 30589 A 30155 A 27104 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 252996 A 220290 A 195162 A 194100 A 166800 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 64749.6 Fc 65116.8 Fc 63801.4 Fc 64367.4 Fc 61540.7 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 5000 F 4000 F 3200 F 2800 F 2000 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 12500 F 10000 F 8000 F 7000 F 5000 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 25000 Fc 25000 Fc 25000 Fc 25000 Fc 25000 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 265 1000 1000 1200 1000 *
Garlic Production Quantity 5917 7000 7000 8000 6700 *
Garlic Yield 223283 Fc 70000 Fc 70000 Fc 66666.7 Fc 67000 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 6915 6637 6364 5741 5202
Grapes Production Quantity 127800 115100 97100 105500 83100
Grapes Yield 184816 Fc 173422 Fc 152577 Fc 183766 Fc 159746 Fc
Hops Area Harvested 1500 F 1200 F 1350 F 915 Im 1050 F
Hops Production Quantity 1000 F 800 F 900 F 700 F 700 F
Hops Yield 6666.67 Fc 6666.67 Fc 6666.67 Fc 7650.27 Fc 6666.67 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Area Harvested 1008 1600 1500 1700 1000 *
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Production Quantity 22495 27000 26500 29500 17000 *
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Yield 223165 Fc 168750 Fc 176667 Fc 173529 Fc 170000 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 20 * 20 * 20 * 20 * 20 *
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 100 * 100 * 100 * 100 * 100 *
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 50000 Fc 50000 Fc 50000 Fc 50000 Fc 50000 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 100 F 70 F 60 F
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 860 700 602
Lemons and limes Yield 86000 Fc 100000 Fc 100333 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 307
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 6843
Lettuce and chicory Yield 222899 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 48971 48391 46800 48336 50000
Maize Production Quantity 245400 219900 216200 206900 197300
Maize Seed 2500 F 2500 F 2500 F 2500 F 2500
Maize Yield 50111.3 Fc 45442.3 Fc 46196.6 Fc 42804.5 Fc 39460 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 100 Im 101 Im 118 Im 114 Im 104 Im
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 3200 F 2800 F 2396 Im 2397 Im 2366 Im
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 3800 F 3500 F 2800 F 2373 Im 2658 Im
Nuts, nes Yield 11875 Fc 12500 Fc 11686.1 Fc 9899.87 Fc 11234.2 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 13375 13923 12700 11079 11900
Oats Production Quantity 22600 24200 23100 16400 19700
Oats Seed 3300 Fc 3343.75 Fc 3480.75 Fc 2800 F 2800
Oats Yield 16897.2 Fc 17381.3 Fc 18189 Fc 14802.8 Fc 16554.6 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 2580 A 2580 A 4160 A 2847 A 2740 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 1664.16 A 1793.9 A 1650.9 A 1331.13 A 1758.32 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 91.63 A 127.43 A 146.39 A 175.33 A 156.8 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 6450.23 Fc 6953.1 Fc 3968.51 Fc 4675.55 Fc 6417.23 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 37580 A 31080 A 37660 A 36447 A 30740 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 9916.56 A 7684.4 A 13982.4 A 6875.25 A 7213.12 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 27.12 A 52.79 A 57.11 A 89.32 A 63.5 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 2638.79 Fc 2472.46 Fc 3712.8 Fc 1886.37 Fc 2346.49 Fc
Okra Area Harvested 700 * 700 600 700 780 *
Okra Production Quantity 10500 * 5800 5300 6000 6700 *
Okra Yield 150000 Fc 82857.1 Fc 88333.3 Fc 85714.3 Fc 85897.4 Fc
Olives Area Harvested 35000 F 28500 F 33500 F 33600 28000
Olives Production Quantity 40200 30200 58700 27933 27300
Olives Yield 11485.7 Fc 10596.5 Fc 17522.4 Fc 8313.39 Fc 9750 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 596 1100 1000 1100 1000 *
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 13299 13800 13000 12000 13000 *
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 223138 Fc 125455 Fc 130000 Fc 109091 Fc 130000 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 2764 4200 4100 4200 2600 *
Onions, dry Production Quantity 61691 52000 50000 51000 33000 *
Onions, dry Yield 223195 Fc 123810 Fc 121951 Fc 121429 Fc 126923 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 524 F 743 F 700 F 611 F 500
Oranges Production Quantity 3670 5200 4900 4400 3400
Oranges Yield 70038.2 Fc 69986.5 Fc 70000 Fc 72013.1 Fc 68000 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 1828 1900 1800 1700
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 40805 31000 30500 30200
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 223222 Fc 163158 Fc 169444 Fc 177647 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 900 F 680 600 520 400
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 7540 5600 4800 4400 4000
Peaches and nectarines Yield 83777.8 Fc 82352.9 Fc 80000 Fc 84615.4 Fc 100000 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 450 F 400 F 380 330 300
Pears Production Quantity 4760 4300 4000 3500 3500
Pears Yield 105778 Fc 107500 Fc 105263 Fc 106061 Fc 116667 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 86
Peas, green Production Quantity 1914
Peas, green Yield 222558 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 2000 F 1900 2000 2000 1900
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 18000 16000 19000 14000 15300
Plums and sloes Yield 90000 Fc 84210.5 Fc 95000 Fc 70000 Fc 80526.3 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 9523 10134 10700 10456 10600
Potatoes Production Quantity 162600 169300 159800 158200 163100
Potatoes Seed 24600 Fc 28569 Fc 30402 Fc 32100 Fc 31368 Fc
Potatoes Yield 170745 Fc 167061 Fc 149346 Fc 151301 Fc 153868 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 1160 Im 1344 Im 1373 Im 1569 Im 1500 F
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 600 F 550 F 457 Im 363 Im 500 F
Pulses, nes Seed 58.74 Fc 63.8 Fc 73.92 Fc 75.52 Fc 86.3 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 5172.41 Fc 4092.26 Fc 3328.48 Fc 2313.58 Fc 3333.33 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 22135 A 22778 A 24055 A 24919 A 24647 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 26937 A 26501 A 25088 A 19936 A 27034 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 3598.74 A 4663.8 A 3934.42 A 4156.22 A 4250.2 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 12169.4 Fc 11634.5 Fc 10429.4 Fc 8000.32 Fc 10968.5 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 241 400 300 400 450 *
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 5374 7500 7200 7000 6700 *
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 222988 Fc 187500 Fc 240000 Fc 175000 Fc 148889 Fc
Quinces Area Harvested 500 F 200 F 160 F 217 Im 219 Im
Quinces Production Quantity 1500 F 700 F 500 F 600 F 1000 *
Quinces Yield 30000 Fc 35000 Fc 31250 Fc 27649.8 Fc 45662.1 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested
Rice, paddy Production Quantity
Rice, paddy Seed
Rice, paddy Yield
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 9523 A 10134 A 10700 A 10456 A 10600 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 162600 A 169300 A 159800 A 158200 A 163100 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 24600 A 28569 A 30402 A 32100 A 31368 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 170745 Fc 167061 Fc 149346 Fc 151301 Fc 153868 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 1349 1514 1500 1593 1500
Rye Production Quantity 2600 3000 2400 2400 2700
Rye Seed 390 Fc 404.7 Fc 454.2 Fc 450 Fc 477.9 Fc
Rye Yield 19273.5 Fc 19815.1 Fc 16000 Fc 15065.9 Fc 18000 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 1080 F 1080 F 1060 F 1000 F 840 F
Seed cotton Production Quantity 1000 F 1030 F 1010 F 950 F 800 F
Seed cotton Yield 9259.26 Fc 9537.04 Fc 9528.3 Fc 9500 Fc 9523.81 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested
Sorghum Production Quantity
Sorghum Seed
Sorghum Yield
Sour cherries Area Harvested 2700 F 2800 F 2400 F 2966 Im 2832 Im
Sour cherries Production Quantity 13600 F 14000 F 12000 F 15400 F 13200 F
Sour cherries Yield 50370.4 Fc 50000 Fc 50000 Fc 51921.8 Fc 46610.2 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 200 400 300 413 200
Soybeans Production Quantity 400 700 400 500 400
Soybeans Seed 24 Fc 24 Fc 48 Fc 36 Fc 60
Soybeans Yield 20000 Fc 17500 Fc 13333.3 Fc 12106.5 Fc 20000 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 300 F 127 Im 150 Im 152 Im 202 Im
Spices, nes Production Quantity 200 F 100 F 76 Im 105 Im 136 Im
Spices, nes Yield 6666.67 Fc 7874.02 Fc 5066.67 Fc 6907.89 Fc 6732.67 Fc
Spinach Area Harvested 283 700 600 700 650 *
Spinach Production Quantity 6311 6500 6000 7000 6700 *
Spinach Yield 223004 Fc 92857.1 Fc 100000 Fc 100000 Fc 103077 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 2000 * 2000 * 2000 * 2000 * 1200
Sugar beet Production Quantity 50000 * 40000 F 40000 F 40000 39200
Sugar beet Yield 250000 Fc 200000 Fc 200000 Fc 200000 Fc 326667 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 1300 1100 2800 1434 1700
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 2200 2000 2200 1319 2600
Sunflower seed Seed 55 F 55 F 140 F 70 F
Sunflower seed Yield 16923.1 Fc 18181.8 Fc 7857.14 Fc 9198.05 Fc 15294.1 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 104 Im 100 F 75 F
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 1070 900 760
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 102885 Fc 90000 Fc 101333 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 1800 1500 1900 1642 2300
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 2000 1900 2100 1416 2600
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 11111.1 Fc 12666.7 Fc 11052.6 Fc 8623.63 Fc 11304.4 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 7385 6200 5700 5500 6100
Tomatoes Production Quantity 164853 152000 152000 151000 162000
Tomatoes Yield 223227 Fc 245161 Fc 266667 Fc 274545 Fc 265574 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 5200 A 4800 A 4396 A 4397 A 4366 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 8800 A 8500 A 7800 A 7373 A 7658 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 16923.1 Fc 17708.3 Fc 17743.4 Fc 16768.3 Fc 17540.1 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 300 F 100 * 100 * 120 Im 100 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 3500 * 1000 * 1000 * 1000 * 1000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 116667 Fc 100000 Fc 100000 Fc 83333.3 Fc 100000 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 31069 A 33590 A 32110 A 32540 A 29790 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 687500 A 686001 A 677258 A 675214 A 668504 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 221282 Fc 204228 Fc 210918 Fc 207503 Fc 224406 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 31069 A 33590 A 32110 A 32540 A 29790 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 687500 A 686001 A 677258 A 675214 A 668504 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 221282 Fc 204228 Fc 210918 Fc 207503 Fc 224406 Fc
Vetches Area Harvested 5800 F 5205 Im 5367 Im 5839 Im 5643 Im
Vetches Production Quantity 1800 F 2121 Im 2013 Im 1600 F 1796 Im
Vetches Seed 600 Fc 600 F 520.5 Fc 536.7 Fc 583.9 Fc
Vetches Yield 3103.45 Fc 4074.93 Fc 3750.7 Fc 2740.2 Fc 3182.7 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 7576 7000 7000 6800 9700 F
Watermelons Production Quantity 169107 204000 204340 204000 293000
Watermelons Yield 223214 Fc 291429 Fc 291914 Fc 300000 Fc 302062 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 75000 82325 81400 90782 93400
Wheat Production Quantity 230900 260000 253400 259900 295300
Wheat Seed 15000 * 16000 * 17000 * 17000 * 18000
Wheat Yield 30786.7 Fc 31582.1 Fc 31130.2 Fc 28629 Fc 31616.7 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 1201 Q 1201.3 Q 1201.3 Q 1181 Q 1119 Q
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 4.2 Q
Agricultural area irrigated Area 204.5 Q 202 Q 118 Q 195 W
Agricultural area organic, total Area 4.2 Q 0.5 Q 0.3 Q 0.08 Q
Arable land Area 622 Q 626 Q 609 Q 610 Q 578 Q
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 696 Q 696 Q 696 Q 697 Q 698 Q
Arable land area in conversion to organic Area 2.1 Q
Arable land organic, total Area 2.1 Q
Country area Area 2875 Q 2875 Q 2875 Q 2875 Q 2875 Q
Fallow land Area 213 Fm 222 Q 207 Q 210 Q
Forest area Area 775.16 Fm 776.3 Q 777.44 Fm 778.58 Fm 779.72 Fm
Inland water Area 135 Fm 135 Fm 135 Fm 135 Fm 135 Fm
Land area Area 2740 Q 2740 Q 2740 Q 2740 Q 2740 Q
Other land Area 763.84 Fm 762.4 Fm 761.26 Fm 780.42 Fm 841.28 Fm
Permanent crops Area 74 Q 70 Q 87 Q 87 Q 120 Q
Permanent crops area in conversion to organic Area 2.1 Q
Permanent crops organic, total Area 2.1 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 505 Q 505.3 Q 505.29 Q 484 Q 421 Q
Temporary crops Area 205 Q 202 Q 202 Q 206 Q
Temporary meadows and pastures Area 204 Q 202 Q 200 Q 194 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 331 Fm 331 Q 339.5 Fm 348 Fm 356.5 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 1120 Q 1077 Q 1122 Q 1121 Q 1140 Q
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area
Agricultural area irrigated Area
Agricultural area organic, total Area 1 Q 1.2 I
Arable land Area 584 Q 538 Q 578 Q 578 Q 578 Q
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 705 Q 659 Q 699 Q 699 Q 699 Q
Arable land area in conversion to organic Area
Arable land organic, total Area
Country area Area 2875 Q 2875 Q 2875 Q 2875 Q 2875 Q
Fallow land Area 60 Q
Forest area Area 780.86 Fm 782 Q 779.4 Fm 776.8 Fm 774.2 Fm
Inland water Area 135 Fm 135 Fm 135 Fm 135 Fm 135 Fm
Land area Area 2740 Q 2740 Q 2740 Q 2740 Q 2740 Q
Other land Area 839.14 Fm 881 Fm 838.6 Fm 842.2 Fm 825.8 Fm
Permanent crops Area 121 Q 121 Q 121 Q 121 Q 121 Q
Permanent crops area in conversion to organic Area
Permanent crops organic, total Area
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 415 Q 418 Q 423 Q 422 Q 441 Q
Temporary crops Area
Temporary meadows and pastures Area
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 365 Fm 362 Q 354 Q 353 Q 346 Q
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files