Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Afghanistan

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Datasheet

Afghanistan

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Afghanistan
  • General data
  • Region: West Asia
  • Area (km2): 652,090
  • Climates: Temperate
  • Capital: Kabul
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2005)
  • Population, total: 29,863,005
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$230
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$6,998,988,288
  • GDP: US$7,308,497,920

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot) Absent, unreliable record Bradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis No information available OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo) Widespread Native NoFoged, 1959.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot) Present Kaiser et al., 1997; Chérif et al., 2006.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot) Present Native NoBuchanan, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Widespread Gattani and Sadek, 1964; Abdel-Hak and Kamel, 1972.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat) Present IMI, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia indica (Karnal bunt of wheat) Present IMI, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat) Present IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellus Present Introduced Gates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAeolesthes sarta (city longhorn beetle) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present CIE, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly) Present YesCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer) Present CIE, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) No information available OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Harbach, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly) Present IIE, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale) Present Mohammad, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid) Present CABI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid) Present Mohammad, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Present IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerina Present NoAustralian Government, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle) Restricted distribution Easton, 1957; CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Widespread Hoberlandt, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail) Restricted distribution Heydemann, 1954.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale) Present Kozar et al., 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present IIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Present IIE, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly) Present CIE, 1952.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug) Present Introduced Kozar et al., 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle) Present Introduced Lopatin, 1977; Aslan et al., 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis pomonella (apple maggot) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedon aenescens (snail-killing fly) Present Knutson and Orth, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil) Present CIE London UK.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar) Present YesIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle) Present Banks and, 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelaps Present Anderson and Roberts, 2013; Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelaps clareae Present Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa jacobsoni (Varroa mite) Present CAB Abstracts.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespa velutina (Asian hornet) Present Native Archer, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp) Present Native NoGiordani Soika, 1962; Gusenleitner, 1972; Archer, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose) Present Native BirdLife International, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo) Present only in captivity/cultivation NoCockrill, 1977.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel) Widespread Native
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer) Localised Native NoMoheb et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow) Localised Native NoRyall, 2010a.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Present Introduced NoWelcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDicrurus macrocercus Present Native Sibley and Monroe, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish) Present Introduced Coad , 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish) Present Introduced YesMotabar, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe) Present Native NoCoad, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemiculter leucisculus (common sawbelly) Present Introduced Coad, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes auropunctatus (small Indian mongoose) Present Native IUCN, 2016; Prater, 1965; Corbett and Hill, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeuciscus leuciscus (common dace) Present Native NoCoad, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacaca mulatta (rhesus macaque) Present Native NoTimmins et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch) Present Native Fishbase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon) Present Introduced Coad, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet) Present, few occurrences Native NoCramp, 1985; BirdLife International, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus tanezumi (Asian house rat) Present Native Musser and Carleton, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach) Present Native Coad, 1981; Froese and Pauly, 2004; Kottelat and Freyhof, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout) Present Native Coad, 1981; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch) Present Native Coad, 1981; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004; Coad, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove) Present Native NoBirdLife International, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSuncus murinus (Asian house shrew) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Native IUCN, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAeluropus littoralis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalis Present Native NoAnnandale et al., 1919; Jaeckel, 1956; Likharev and Starobogatov, 1967; Solem, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania) Present Native Hägg, 1903.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguina tritici (wheat seed gall nematode) Present Brown, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Asaad and Abang, 2009; EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode) Present CABI Bioscience, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode) Present Roivainen et al., 1988; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathi Present Introduced Moravec and Amin, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus No information available OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium No information available OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow) Present Native Achigan-Dako, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow) Present Native PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindrica Present, few occurrences Native NoSlageren MWvan, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene indica (Indian jointvetch) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlhagi maurorum (camelthorn) Widespread Native NoFAO, 2002; ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass) Present Native NoGBIF, 2008; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlthaea armeniaca Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum alyssoides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum linifolium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Reported present or known to be present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis altissima Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApera interrupta Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia capillaris Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2007; Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus crenatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus hamosus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat) Localised YesGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat) Present Holm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat) Restricted distribution Native Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem) Widespread Native Cook et al., 2005; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard) Present Native GBIF, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus racemosus (bald brome) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome) Widespread Native NoKostivkovsky and Young, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula arvensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom) Present Native YesUSDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina rumelica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex acutiformis (Swamp sedge) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass) Present Native Cook et al., 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea iberica (Iberian starthistle) Present Native NoHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea virgata (squarrose knapweed) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium dichotomum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChorispora tenella (blue mustard) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle) Restricted distribution Native Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis montana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis orientalis (oriental virginsbower) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard) Present Native Rechinger, 1992; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConringia orientalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida orientalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster hissaricus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster insignis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster multiflorus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster roseus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper) Present Native Rechinger, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass) Present Native eMonocot, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta reflexa (dodder) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCutandia memphitica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Native Moody et al., 1984; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Present Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2014; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissoo Present Native NoILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple) Present Introduced GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed) Present USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmostachya bipinnata (halfa grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDittrichia graveolens (stinkwort) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElsholtzia ciliata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis papposa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEremopoa persica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum repandum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia seguieriana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present Native Holm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Widespread Native eMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014; FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry) Present Native Darrow, 1966.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium dissectum (cutleaf geranium) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium himalayense Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium nepalense Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium rotundifolium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila pilosa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHalogeton glomeratus (halogeton) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower) Present FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria glabra Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow) Present Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum marinum (seaside barley) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Present Native Govaerts, 2016; Cook and Lüönd, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015; Flora of Pakistan, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus pusillus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam) Present Native Trepl, 1984; USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass) Restricted distribution Native Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad) Present Native NoMoazzeni and Zarre, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum officinale Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Native Kirschner, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKochia indica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria macrantha Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca tatarica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLappula barbata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus annuus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus aphaca Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus hirsutus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus pratensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress) Restricted distribution Native YesHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed) Present Native GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed) Present Native GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium pinnatifidum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLithospermum officinale Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass) Widespread Native Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) Present Native Wangerin and Schr÷ter, 1937.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva neglecta (common mallow) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestris Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago laciniata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago monantha Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago orbicularis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago rigidula Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present NoHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower) Present Introduced PROTA, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass) Present Native Podlech, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree) Present Introduced PROTA, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuscari neglectum (starch grape hyacinth) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. europaea (European olive) Present Introduced IRIN, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle) Present Native Rechinger, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; Parker and Wilson, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape) Present Native Parker and Wilson, 1986; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cumana (sunflower broomrape) Present Introduced ITIS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape) Present Native Parker and Wilson, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Q-bank, 2013; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver dubium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver hybridum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum flaccidum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed) Present Native Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago arenaria Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Present Native ISSG, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa supina Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed) Present, few occurrences Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank) Present YesHolm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon fugax Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Kitamura, 1960.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla multifida Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla reptans (sulfur cinquefoil) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supina Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Native WCSP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia distans (weeping alkali grass) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus muricatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn) Present Native Tutin et al., 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed) Widespread Native YesMaddox et al., 1985; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoemeria refracta Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRostraria cristata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex conglomeratus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) Present Native YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex patientia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex vesicarius Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane) Indigenous, localized Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola paulsenii (barbwire Russian thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia sclarea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus) Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus barbatus (common Mediterranean grass) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Present Native Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014; Lock and Simpson, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail) Present Wang et al., 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSideritis montana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene vulgaris (bladder campion) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSinapis arvensis (wild mustard) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irio Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Native Kirpichnikov, 1964; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Restricted distribution Native Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia marina Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphaerophysa salsula (swainsonpea) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed) Present Holm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria graminea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipagrostis pungens Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye) Present Native Frederiksen, 1986; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix aphylla (athel) Present, few occurrences Native NoBaum, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix chinensis (five-stamen tamarisk) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix ramosissima (saltcedar) Widespread Native NoBaum, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium polium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum minus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress) Present Holm et al., 1991; USDA et al., 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi perfoliatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriticum polonicum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTulipa clusiana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Holm et al., 1991; Chambers et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein) Present Native NoISSG, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica beccabunga (European speedwell) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica biloba (twolobe speedwell) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica polita Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia hybrida Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia peregrina Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch) Present Native Roskov et al., 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue) Present Native eFloras, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia unilateralis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube) Present Native CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus spina-christi (Christ's thorn jujube) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZygophyllum fabago (Syrian caper-bean) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi Present Desquesnes et al., 2013.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Present Winteroll et al., 1979.
Virusbluetongue virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus Present Bashir and Hampton, 1996a; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus Present Bente et al., 2013.
VirusEggplant mottled dwarf virus (tomato vein yellowing virus) Present CABI/EPPO, 2008; Martelli and Lal, 1985; EPPO, 2014.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus) Present Digiaro et al., 1999.
Virusinfluenza A virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2018.
Virusrabies virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus No information available OIE, 2009.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
Aeromonas infection in fish Present OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness No information available OIE, 2009.
African swine fever No information available OIE, 2009.
American foul brood No information available OIE, 2009.
anthrax Present OIE, 2009.
Aujeszky's disease No information available OIE, 2009.
avian chlamydiosis No information available OIE, 2009.
avian infectious bronchitis No information available OIE, 2009.
avian influenza Present OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) No information available OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) No information available OIE, 2009.
avipox Present Winteroll et al., 1979.
babesiosis No information available OIE, 2009.
bluetongue No information available OIE, 2009.
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infection Present Introduced Moravec and Amin, 1978.
bovine anaplasmosis No information available OIE, 2009.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis No information available OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections No information available OIE, 2009.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy No information available OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis No information available OIE, 2009.
bovine viral diarrhoea No information available OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) No information available OIE, 2009.
camel pox No information available OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis No information available OIE, 2009.
classical swine fever No information available OIE, 2009.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia No information available OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia No information available OIE, 2009.
contagious equine metritis No information available OIE, 2009.
crayfish plague No information available OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Present Bente et al., 2013.
dourine No information available OIE, 2009.
duck virus hepatitis No information available OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus No information available OIE, 2009.
enzootic abortion of ewes No information available OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis No information available OIE, 2009.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern) No information available OIE, 2009.
equine infectious anaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
equine influenza No information available OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis No information available OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis No information available OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis No information available OIE, 2009.
European foul brood No information available OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Present OIE, 2009; Kitching, 1998.
fowl cholera No information available OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid No information available OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Present
glanders No information available OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection No information available OIE, 2009.
heartwater No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious bursal disease No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious salmon anaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis No information available OIE, 2009.
koi herpesvirus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis No information available OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis No information available OIE, 2009.
listeriosis Present Modjadedy and Seraj, 1970.
lumpy skin disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Marek's disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections No information available OIE, 2009.
myxomatosis No information available OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Newcastle disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Nipah virus infection No information available OIE, 2009.
paratuberculosis No information available OIE, 2009.
peste des petits ruminants Present OIE, 2009.
porcine enterovirus infections No information available OIE, 2009.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Q fever Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease No information available OIE, 2009.
rabies No information available OIE, 2009.
red sea bream iridoviral disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Rift Valley fever No information available OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
scrapie No information available OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 1984; Kitching, 1994.
small hive beetle infestation No information available OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis No information available OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp No information available OIE, 2009.
surra Present Desquesnes et al., 2013; OIE, 2009.
swine vesicular disease Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
Theileria annulata infections Present Bulman et al., 1979.
theileriosis No information available OIE, 2009.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection No information available OIE, 2009.
trichomonosis No information available OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees Present Anderson and Roberts, 2013; Schotman, 1989; OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis No information available OIE, 2009.
tuberculosis Reported present or known to be present OIE(1997); OIE Handistatus, 2005.
tularaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis No information available OIE, 2009.
varroosis of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis No information available OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis No information available OIE, 2009.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi No information available OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever No information available OIE, 2009.
white spot disease No information available OIE, 2009.
yellow head disease No information available OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Almonds, with shell Area Harvested 13469 11210 11029 12000 12000
Almonds, with shell Production Quantity 60611 56000 43183 * 42000 31481
Almonds, with shell Yield 45000.4 Fc 49955.4 Fc 39154.1 Fc 35000 Fc 26234.2 Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Area Harvested 18275 Im 17000 F 10616 Im 15000 F 28000 F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Production Quantity 12055 Im 10200 F 8373 Im 9000 F 17000 F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Yield 6596.44 Fc 6000 Fc 7887.15 Fc 6000 Fc 6071.43 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 8863 8550 8550 7000 7000
Apples Production Quantity 59469 Im 59850 72765 59090 Im 59500 F
Apples Yield 67098.1 Fc 70000 Fc 85105.3 Fc 84414.3 Fc 85000 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 8320 8320 8170 8000 8000 F
Apricots Production Quantity 56043 Im 46000 Im 60000 F 57457 Im 58000 F
Apricots Yield 67359.4 Fc 55288.5 Fc 73439.4 Fc 71821.3 Fc 72500 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 190000 212000 267000 236000 236000
Barley Production Quantity 305900 437000 486000 333000 370000
Barley Seed 15200 Fc 15200 Fc 16960 Fc 21360 Fc 18880 Fc
Barley Yield 16100 Fc 20613.2 Fc 18202.3 Fc 14110.2 Fc 15678 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 3800 3800 3800 5500 5586
Berries Nes Production Quantity 24606 Im 24764 Im 32300 F 47000 F 48000 F
Berries Nes Yield 64752.6 Fc 65168.4 Fc 85000 Fc 85454.6 Fc 85929.1 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 2820000 A 2962000 A 3192000 A 2714000 A 3021000 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 4457240 A 5733220 A 6299220 A 3666200 A 5602180 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 371280 A 356805 A 364355 A 303560 A 346985 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 15805.8 Fc 19355.9 Fc 19734.4 Fc 13508.5 Fc 18544.1 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2820000 A 2962000 A 3192000 A 2714000 A 3021000 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4681020 A 5957000 A 6514000 A 3870000 A 5786000 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 371280 A 356805 A 364355 A 303560 A 346985 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 16599.4 Fc 20111.4 Fc 20407.3 Fc 14259.4 Fc 19152.6 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 200 200 200 200 200
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 1431 Im 2000 F 2000 F 1600 F 1600 F
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 71550 Fc 100000 Fc 100000 Fc 80000 Fc 80000 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1200 A 1200 A 1200 A 1200 A 1200 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 8838 A 11269 A 10300 A 9600 A 8709 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 73650 Fc 93908.3 Fc 85833.3 Fc 80000 Fc 72575 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 378000 A 400000 A 417000 A 385000 A 385000 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 621020 A 753000 A 805000 A 635000 A 750000 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 21755 A 21755 A 23515 A 26560 A 24035 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 16429.1 Fc 18825 Fc 19304.6 Fc 16493.5 Fc 19480.5 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 10890 Fc 10890 Fc 14147.8 Fc 11550 Fc 11566.8 Fc
Cottonseed Production Quantity 21450 Fc 21450 Fc 27866.8 Fc 22750 Fc 22783.2 Fc
Cottonseed Seed 1155 Fc 1155 Fc 1155 Fc 1155 Fc 1225 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 33000 A 33000 A 33000 A 35000 A 35000 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 10890 A 10890 A 14147.8 A 11550 A 11566.8 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 3300 Fc 3300 Fc 4287.21 Fc 3300 Fc 3304.8 Fc
Figs Area Harvested 10469 Im 10336 Im 10288 Im 9936 Im 11000 F
Figs Production Quantity 19045 Im 20000 F 25000 F 30000 F 30000 F
Figs Yield 18191.8 Fc 19349.8 Fc 24300.2 Fc 30193.2 Fc 27272.7 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 114859 A 113576 A 112907 A 109065 A 111401 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 774122 A 746453 A 793374 A 764608 A 755661 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 67397.6 Fc 65722.8 Fc 70267.9 Fc 70105.7 Fc 67832.5 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 8413 8413 8413 8000 10000 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 106946 Im 100956 126195 96000 90326 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 127120 Fc 120000 Fc 150000 Fc 120000 Fc 90326 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 61558 61132 60832 57600 55000 F
Grapes Production Quantity 411000 F 397000 * 378000 * 364000 360000 *
Grapes Yield 66766.3 Fc 64941.4 Fc 62138.3 Fc 63194.4 Fc 65454.6 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 3943 1788 1780 3160 2000
Linseed Production Quantity 1500 F 1400 Im 1200 F 1300 F 1200 F
Linseed Seed 118.29 Fc 118.29 Fc 53.64 Fc 53.4 Fc 94.8 Fc
Linseed Yield 3804.21 Fc 7829.98 Fc 6741.57 Fc 4113.92 Fc 6000 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 183000 183000 140000 137000 137000
Maize Production Quantity 300120 301000 300000 280000 360000
Maize Seed 6405 Fc 6405 Fc 6405 Fc 4900 Fc 4795 Fc
Maize Yield 16400 Fc 16448.1 Fc 21428.6 Fc 20438 Fc 26277.4 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 5000 5000 10000 12000 12000
Millet Production Quantity 15000 * 15000 19000 P 22000 20000 *
Millet Seed 150 Fc 150 Fc 150 Fc 300 Fc 360 Fc
Millet Yield 30000 Fc 30000 Fc 19000 Fc 18333.3 Fc 16666.7 Fc
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 883 Im 760 Im 750 Im 800 F 755
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 1649 Im 1503 Im 1177 Im 1143 Im 900 F
Nuts, nes Yield 18675 Fc 19776.3 Fc 15693.3 Fc 14287.5 Fc 11920.5 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 85691 A 83492 A 83480 A 88160 A 91000 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 29315.1 A 29269 A 32463.1 A 30715.5 A 33301.4 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 1047.77 A 1047.77 A 1006.42 A 1006.21 A 1086.32 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 3421.03 Fc 3505.61 Fc 3888.72 Fc 3484.06 Fc 3659.5 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 87891 A 85692 A 85480 A 90460 A 93300 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 19015.8 A 18995.6 A 19971.7 A 19929 A 22193.5 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 550.85 A 550.85 A 527.68 A 527.55 A 569.23 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 2163.57 Fc 2216.73 Fc 2336.42 Fc 2203.07 Fc 2378.73 Fc
Olives Area Harvested 2200 2200 2000 2300 2300
Olives Production Quantity 1500 F 1500 F 1400 F 1600 F 1592
Olives Yield 6818.18 Fc 6818.18 Fc 7000 Fc 6956.52 Fc 6921.74 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000
Oranges Production Quantity 7407 Im 9269 Im 8300 Im 8000 F 7109
Oranges Yield 74070 Fc 92690 Fc 83000 Fc 80000 Fc 71090 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 2103 Im 2598 Im 2681 Im 2418 Im 2698 Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 28121 Im 26375 Im 28016 Im 29113 Im 32263 Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 133719 Fc 101520 Fc 104498 Fc 120401 Fc 119581 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 1877 1675 1675 1920 1920
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 13460 Im 13400 16752 24960 13622
Peaches and nectarines Yield 71710.2 Fc 80000 Fc 100012 Fc 130000 Fc 70947.9 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 225 220 225 350 350
Pears Production Quantity 1596 Im 1687 Im 2200 F 3500 2145
Pears Yield 70933.3 Fc 76681.8 Fc 97777.8 Fc 100000 Fc 61285.7 Fc
Pistachios Area Harvested 2355 Im 2027 Im 2000 F 2900 F 2347
Pistachios Production Quantity 4203 Im 3830 Im 3000 F 4300 F 4200 F
Pistachios Yield 17847.1 Fc 18894.9 Fc 15000 Fc 14827.6 Fc 17895.2 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 3800 3500 3500 3500 5500
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 28406 Im 26527 Im 34600 F 34500 F 49925 Im
Plums and sloes Yield 74752.6 Fc 75791.4 Fc 98857.1 Fc 98571.4 Fc 90772.7 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 20500 20500 21600 20000 20000
Potatoes Production Quantity 205000 246000 302400 280000 300800
Potatoes Seed 20500 Fc 20500 Fc 20500 Fc 21600 Fc 20000 Fc
Potatoes Yield 100000 Fc 120000 Fc 140000 Fc 140000 Fc 150400 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 51941 Im 52308 Im 44390 Im 39500 F 37039 Im
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 49147 Im 49185 Im 44402 Im 42500 F 39975 Im
Pulses, nes Seed 3116.46 Fc 3116.46 Fc 3138.48 Fc 2663.4 Fc 2370 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 9462.08 Fc 9402.96 Fc 10002.7 Fc 10759.5 Fc 10792.7 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 51941 A 52308 A 44390 A 39500 A 37039 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 49147 A 49185 A 44402 A 42500 A 39975 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 3116.46 A 3116.46 A 3138.48 A 2663.4 A 2370 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 9462.08 Fc 9402.96 Fc 10002.7 Fc 10759.5 Fc 10792.7 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 210000 208000 200000 190000 170000
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 672000 672000 645000 612000 552000
Rice, paddy Seed 21525 Fc 22050 Fc 21840 Fc 21000 Fc 19950 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 32000 Fc 32307.7 Fc 32250 Fc 32210.5 Fc 32470.6 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 20500 A 20500 A 21600 A 20000 A 20000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 205000 A 246000 A 302400 A 280000 A 300800 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 20500 A 20500 A 20500 A 21600 A 20000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 100000 Fc 120000 Fc 140000 Fc 140000 Fc 150400 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 33000 33000 33000 35000 35000
Seed cotton Production Quantity 33000 33000 42872 35000 35051
Seed cotton Yield 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 12991.5 Fc 10000 Fc 10014.6 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 47000 * 47000 * 47000 * 47000 * 47000 *
Sesame seed Production Quantity 32000 * 32000 * 32000 * 32000 * 32000 *
Sesame seed Seed 705 Fc 705 Fc 705 Fc 705 Fc 705 Fc
Sesame seed Yield 6808.51 Fc 6808.51 Fc 6808.51 Fc 6808.51 Fc 6808.51 Fc
Stone fruit, nes Area Harvested 6334 Im 6430 Im 6254 Im 6059 Im 5845 Im
Stone fruit, nes Production Quantity 44713 Im 45000 F 35262 Im 38501 Im 35434 Im
Stone fruit, nes Yield 70592 Fc 69984.4 Fc 56383.1 Fc 63543.5 Fc 60622.8 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 1172 1170 1100 4640 2500
Sugar beet Production Quantity 15236 15200 16500 13316 12938
Sugar beet Yield 130000 Fc 129915 Fc 150000 Fc 28698.3 Fc 51752 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 3082 3100 3080 3000 F 3700
Sugar cane Production Quantity 92460 92400 123200 62960 74000 F
Sugar cane Yield 300000 Fc 298065 Fc 400000 Fc 209867 Fc 200000 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 1748 Im 1704 Im 1700 * 3000 F 7000 F
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 2363 Im 2399 Im 2500 F 4200 F 9800 F
Sunflower seed Seed 52.44 Fc 52.44 Fc 51.12 Fc 51 Fc 90 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 13518.3 Fc 14078.6 Fc 14705.9 Fc 14000 Fc 14000 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 19024 A 16377 A 16161 A 18000 A 17402 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 80365 A 73233 A 57362 A 57103 A 45787 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 42244 Fc 44717 Fc 35494.1 Fc 31723.9 Fc 26311.3 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 53718 69147 72200 67999 68000
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 605877 Im 660000 F 686000 F 646000 F 650000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 112788 Fc 95448.8 Fc 95013.9 Fc 95001.4 Fc 95588.2 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 78413 A 96887 A 99981 A 90417 A 90698 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 934563 A 968275 A 964016 A 875113 A 909469 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 119185 Fc 99938.6 Fc 96419.9 Fc 96786.3 Fc 100274 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 78413 A 96887 A 99981 A 90417 A 90698 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 934563 A 968275 A 964016 A 875113 A 909469 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 119185 Fc 99938.6 Fc 96419.9 Fc 96786.3 Fc 100274 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Area Harvested 2317 2380 2382 2300 2300
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity 13902 11900 10002 9660 9206
Walnuts, with shell Yield 60000 Fc 50000 Fc 41989.9 Fc 42000 Fc 40026.1 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 22592 25142 25100 20000 20000
Watermelons Production Quantity 300565 Im 281900 Im 250000 F 200000 227206 Im
Watermelons Yield 133040 Fc 112123 Fc 99601.6 Fc 100000 Fc 113603 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 2232000 2354000 2575000 2139000 2466000
Wheat Production Quantity 3388000 4532000 5064000 2623000 4484000
Wheat Seed 328000 313000 319000 256000 303000
Wheat Yield 15179.2 Fc 19252.3 Fc 19666 Fc 12262.7 Fc 18183.3 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Almonds, with shell Area Harvested 12000 13265 Im 12000 * 5700 5500
Almonds, with shell Production Quantity 20000 15630 * 14700 * 14000 * 15349 Im
Almonds, with shell Yield 16666.7 Fc 11782.9 Fc 12250 Fc 24561.4 Fc 27907.3 Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Area Harvested 16866 Im 16000 F 15000 F 6800 F 3300 F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Production Quantity 10458 Im 10000 F 9000 F 4100 F 2000 F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Yield 6200.64 Fc 6250 Fc 6000 Fc 6029.41 Fc 6060.61 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 7000 2751 2311 3935 2669 Im
Apples Production Quantity 52500 F 25732 Im 21948 Im 21134 Im 17380 Im
Apples Yield 75000 Fc 93536.9 Fc 94971.9 Fc 53707.8 Fc 65118 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 8030 5291 Im 5200 F 7007 5497 Im
Apricots Production Quantity 50000 F 48192 Im 44258 Im 41793 Im 39532 Im
Apricots Yield 62266.5 Fc 91083 Fc 85111.5 Fc 59644.6 Fc 71915.6 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 236000 240000 315000 270000 236000
Barley Production Quantity 364000 337000 290000 240000 345000
Barley Seed 18880 Fc 18880 Fc 19200 Fc 25200 Fc 21600 Fc
Barley Yield 15423.7 Fc 14041.7 Fc 9206.35 Fc 8888.89 Fc 14618.6 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 5000 F 6000 F 10771 Im 9255 Im 9263 Im
Berries Nes Production Quantity 42500 F 51000 F 79006 Im 74606 Im 70570 Im
Berries Nes Yield 85000 Fc 85000 Fc 73350.7 Fc 80611.6 Fc 76184.8 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 2989000 A 3030000 A 2667000 A 3004700 A 2238000 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 4458180 A 5263500 A 3405820 A 4236480 A 3607800 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 251495 A 248575 A 245015 A 215475 A 243366 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 14915.3 Fc 17371.3 Fc 12770.2 Fc 14099.5 Fc 16120.6 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2989000 A 3030000 A 2667000 A 3004700 A 2238000 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4638000 A 5425000 A 3560000 A 4381000 A 3737000 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 251495 A 248575 A 245015 A 215475 A 243366 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 15516.9 Fc 17904.3 Fc 13348.3 Fc 14580.5 Fc 16697.9 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 500 F 706 770 F 1009 703 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 4000 F 5700 F 9460 Im 8933 Im 8450 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 80000 Fc 80736.5 Fc 122857 Fc 88533.2 Fc 120199 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1500 A 1943 A 2170 A 2869 A 2930 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 10284 A 15200 A 20260 A 20077 A 22747 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 68560 Fc 78229.5 Fc 93364.1 Fc 69979.1 Fc 77634.8 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 385000 A 528000 A 584000 A 539700 A 361000 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 735000 A 674000 A 707000 A 467000 A 663000 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 24035 A 24035 A 29145 A 34520 A 30941 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 19090.9 Fc 12765.2 Fc 12106.2 Fc 8652.96 Fc 18365.7 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 10560 Fc 10890 Fc 9240 Fc 10890 Fc 18500 *
Cottonseed Production Quantity 20800 Fc 21450 Fc 18200 Fc 21450 Fc 37000 *
Cottonseed Seed 1225 Fc 1118.25 Fc 1050 Fc 892.5 Fc 1050 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 31950 A 30000 A 25500 A 30000 A 50000 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 10560 A 10890 A 9240 A 10890 A 18500 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 3305.16 Fc 3630 Fc 3623.53 Fc 3630 Fc 3700 Fc
Figs Area Harvested 7400 F 17000 F 8000 F 7115 Im 7400 F
Figs Production Quantity 20000 F 55000 F 22000 F 21960 Im 20000 F
Figs Yield 27027 Fc 32352.9 Fc 27500 Fc 30864.4 Fc 27027 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 106116 A 105026 A 99274 A 104554 A 105689 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 742169 A 737851 A 726627 A 737975 A 750303 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 69939.4 Fc 70254.1 Fc 73194.1 Fc 70583.1 Fc 70991.6 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 11617 Im 10333 Im 10155 Im 11000 F 12479 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 95890 Im 94712 Im 95644 Im 100000 F 123438 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 82542.8 Fc 91659.7 Fc 94184.1 Fc 90909.1 Fc 98916.6 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 52000 * 50000 * 50000 * 50000 * 52000 *
Grapes Production Quantity 350000 * 345700 * 349100 * 365000 * 365000 *
Grapes Yield 67307.7 Fc 69140 Fc 69820 Fc 73000 Fc 70192.3 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 1840 16588 12750 18350 Im 21775 Im
Linseed Production Quantity 1100 F 10000 F 8300 F 11996 Im 11319 Im
Linseed Seed 60 Fc 55.2 Fc 497.64 Fc 382.5 Fc 550.5 Fc
Linseed Yield 5978.26 Fc 6028.45 Fc 6509.8 Fc 6537.33 Fc 5198.16 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 137000 261000 250000 250000 100000
Maize Production Quantity 359000 315000 400000 210000 298000
Maize Seed 4795 Fc 4795 Fc 9135 Fc 8750 Fc 8750 Fc
Maize Yield 26204.4 Fc 12069 Fc 16000 Fc 8400 Fc 29800 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 12000 27000 19000 F 19700 25000
Millet Production Quantity 12000 22000 17000 17000 20000
Millet Seed 360 Fc 360 Fc 810 Fc 570 Fc 591 Fc
Millet Yield 10000 Fc 8148.15 Fc 8947.37 Fc 8629.44 Fc 8000 Fc
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 1105 1105 1000 800 700
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 893 893 840 800 1000
Nuts, nes Yield 8081.45 Fc 8081.45 Fc 8400 Fc 10000 Fc 14285.7 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 90790 A 107412 A 93875 A 105348 A 117619 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 34201 A 42959.5 A 37371 A 40764.3 A 44304.9 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 1120.8 A 1105.63 A 1403.48 A 1190.21 A 1402.19 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 3767.04 Fc 3999.51 Fc 3980.93 Fc 3869.49 Fc 3766.81 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 93090 A 108517 A 94875 A 107748 A 118919 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 23563.2 A 29488.6 A 25858 A 27136.4 A 25748.3 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 606.25 A 624.39 A 815.36 A 697.61 A 804.35 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 2531.23 Fc 2717.42 Fc 2725.48 Fc 2518.51 Fc 2165.2 Fc
Olives Area Harvested 2300 1105 1000 2400 1300
Olives Production Quantity 1592 2712 2550 2400 1100
Olives Yield 6921.74 Fc 24543 Fc 25500 Fc 10000 Fc 8461.54 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 1000 1237 1400 1860 2227 Im
Oranges Production Quantity 6284 9500 F 10800 F 11144 Im 14297 Im
Oranges Yield 62840 Fc 76798.7 Fc 77142.9 Fc 59914 Fc 64198.5 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 2436 Im 2737 Im 2507 Im 2700 F 2900 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 27648 Im 30789 Im 25206 Im 28000 F 30000 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 113498 Fc 112492 Fc 100542 Fc 103704 Fc 103448 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 2197 Im 1954 Im 1920 F 2611 3541 Im
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 31472 Im 29264 Im 26875 Im 25378 Im 24005 Im
Peaches and nectarines Yield 143250 Fc 149765 Fc 139974 Fc 97196.5 Fc 67791.6 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 350 305 256 435 291 Im
Pears Production Quantity 3540 2382 Im 2262 Im 2255 Im 2367 Im
Pears Yield 101143 Fc 78098.4 Fc 88359.4 Fc 51839.1 Fc 81340.2 Fc
Pistachios Area Harvested 2211 2211 2000 3200 2700
Pistachios Production Quantity 2457 2457 2310 2200 2800
Pistachios Yield 11112.6 Fc 11112.6 Fc 11550 Fc 6875 Fc 10370.4 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 5500 4278 3594 6119 5407 Im
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 53000 F 40000 F 37109 Im 39175 Im 40106 Im
Plums and sloes Yield 96363.6 Fc 93501.6 Fc 103253 Fc 64021.9 Fc 74174.2 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 20000 20000 17000 21000 14000
Potatoes Production Quantity 300000 300000 300000 350000 230000
Potatoes Seed 20000 Fc 20000 Fc 20000 Fc 17000 Fc 21000 Fc
Potatoes Yield 150000 Fc 150000 Fc 176471 Fc 166667 Fc 164286 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 39300 F 38151 Im 39000 F 39300 22603 Im
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 42100 F 35023 Im 42000 F 42100 39330 Im
Pulses, nes Seed 2222.34 Fc 2358 Fc 2289.06 Fc 2340 Fc 2358 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 10712.5 Fc 9180.1 Fc 10769.2 Fc 10712.5 Fc 17400.3 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 39300 A 38151 A 39000 A 39300 A 22603 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 42100 A 35023 A 42000 A 42100 A 39330 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 2222.34 A 2358 A 2289.06 A 2340 A 2358 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 10712.5 Fc 9180.1 Fc 10769.2 Fc 10712.5 Fc 17400.3 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 160000 160000 195000 145000 135000
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 540000 485000 463000 434000 388000
Rice, paddy Seed 17850 Fc 16800 Fc 16800 Fc 20475 Fc 15225 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 33750 Fc 30312.5 Fc 23743.6 Fc 29931 Fc 28740.7 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 20000 A 20000 A 17000 A 21000 A 14000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 300000 A 300000 A 300000 A 350000 A 230000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 20000 A 20000 A 20000 A 17000 A 21000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 150000 Fc 150000 Fc 176471 Fc 166667 Fc 164286 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 31950 30000 25500 30000 50000 *
Seed cotton Production Quantity 32000 33000 * 28000 * 33000 * 57000 *
Seed cotton Yield 10015.7 Fc 11000 Fc 10980.4 Fc 11000 Fc 11400 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 47000 * 47000 * 45000 * 44000 * 35000 *
Sesame seed Production Quantity 32000 * 32000 * 31000 * 30000 * 23000 *
Sesame seed Seed 705 Fc 705 Fc 705 Fc 675 Fc 660 Fc
Sesame seed Yield 6808.51 Fc 6808.51 Fc 6888.89 Fc 6818.18 Fc 6571.43 Fc
Stone fruit, nes Area Harvested 5522 Im 5171 Im 4897 Im 4208 Im 4212 Im
Stone fruit, nes Production Quantity 32983 Im 30669 Im 28165 Im 26597 Im 25158 Im
Stone fruit, nes Yield 59730.2 Fc 59309.6 Fc 57514.8 Fc 63205.8 Fc 59729.3 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 1000 1000 1000 200 F 200 F
Sugar beet Production Quantity 3000 3000 5000 1000 1000
Sugar beet Yield 30000 Fc 30000 Fc 50000 Fc 50000 Fc 50000 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 3700 2000 3000 3300 2000 F
Sugar cane Production Quantity 70000 38000 60000 60000 F 38000 F
Sugar cane Yield 189189 Fc 190000 Fc 200000 Fc 181818 Fc 190000 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 10000 F 13824 10625 12998 Im 10844 Im
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 14000 F 20000 F 15000 F 14824 Im 13987 Im
Sunflower seed Seed 210 Fc 300 Fc 414.72 Fc 318.75 Fc 389.94 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 14000 Fc 14467.6 Fc 14117.7 Fc 11404.8 Fc 12898.4 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 17616 A 18792 A 17000 A 12800 A 11200 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 28350 A 23335 A 21945 A 20900 A 24149 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 16093.3 Fc 12417.5 Fc 12908.8 Fc 16328.1 Fc 21561.6 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 68400 87813 51660 84348 Im 60441 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 620000 F 800000 F 600000 F 680317 Im 545941 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 90643.3 Fc 91102.7 Fc 116144 Fc 80656 Fc 90326.3 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 90836 A 102876 A 60467 A 98248 A 69814 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 847648 A 968789 A 696206 A 837317 A 686420 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 93316.3 Fc 94170.6 Fc 115138 Fc 85224.8 Fc 98321.3 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 90836 A 102876 A 60467 A 98248 A 69814 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 847648 A 968789 A 696206 A 837317 A 686420 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 93316.3 Fc 94170.6 Fc 115138 Fc 85224.8 Fc 98321.3 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Area Harvested 2300 2211 2000 3100 2300
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity 5000 4355 4095 3900 5000
Walnuts, with shell Yield 21739.1 Fc 19697 Fc 20475 Fc 12580.7 Fc 21739.1 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 20000 12326 6300 11200 6473 Im
Watermelons Production Quantity 200000 F 138000 F 71000 F 129000 F 110479 Im
Watermelons Yield 100000 Fc 111958 Fc 112698 Fc 115179 Fc 170677 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 2444000 2342000 1888000 2320000 1742000
Wheat Production Quantity 3363000 4266000 2390000 3480000 2686000
Wheat Seed 209610 Fc 207740 Fc 199070 Fc 160480 Fc 197200 Fc
Wheat Yield 13760.2 Fc 18215.2 Fc 12658.9 Fc 15000 Fc 15419.1 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 37910 Q 37910 Q 37910 Q 37910 W 37910 W
Agricultural area certified organic Area 0.04 I 0.03 Q 0.02 I 0.02 I
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 0.02 I 0.03 Q 0.02 I
Agricultural area irrigated Area 2044 Q 1896 Q 1836 Q 2191 Q 2252 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 0.06 I 0.06 Q 0.04 I 0.02 I
Arable land Area 7791 Q 7792 Q 7793 Q 7794 W 7794 W
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 7910 Q 7910 Q 7910 Q 7910 W 7910 W
Country area Area 65223 Q 65223 Q 65223 Q 65223 Q 65223 Q
Fallow land Area 4710 Fm 4311 Fm 4324 Fm 4570 Fm 4263 Fm
Forest area Area 1350 Fm 1350 E 1350 Fm 1350 Fm 1350 Fm
Land area Area 65223 Fm 65223 Fm 65223 Fm 65223 Fm 65223 Fm
Other land Area 25963 Fm 25963 Fm 25963 Fm 25963 Fm 25963 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area 30000 Q 30000 Q 30000 Q 30000 Q 30000 Q
Permanent crops Area 119 Q 118 Q 117 Q 116 W 116 W
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 30000 Q 30000 Q 30000 Q 30000 Q 30000 Q
Temporary crops Area 3081 Q 3481 Q 3469 Q 3224 W 3531 W
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 3208 Fm 3208 Fm 3208 Fm 3208 Fm 3208 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 37910 W 37910 W 37911 W 37910 W 37753 W
Agricultural area certified organic Area
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area
Agricultural area irrigated Area 2307 Q 2214 Q 2086 Q 2752 Q 1745 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area
Arable land Area 7794 W 7805 W 7816 W 7772 W 7678 W
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 7910 W 7910 W 7911 W 7910 W 7753 W
Country area Area 65223 Q 65223 Q 65223 Q 65223 Q 65223 Q
Fallow land Area 4265 Fm 4420 Fm 4882 Fm 4011 Fm 5567 Fm
Forest area Area 1350 Fm 1350 E 1350 Fm 1350 Fm 1350 Fm
Land area Area 65223 Fm 65223 Fm 65223 Fm 65223 Fm 65223 Fm
Other land Area 25963 Fm 25963 Fm 25962 Fm 25963 Fm 26120 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area 30000 Q 30000 Q 30000 Q 30000 Q 30000 Q
Permanent crops Area 116 W 105 W 95 W 138 W 75 W
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 30000 Q 30000 Q 30000 Q 30000 Q 30000 Q
Temporary crops Area 3529 W 3385 W 2934 W 3761 W 2111 W
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 3208 Fm 3208 Fm 3208 Fm 3208 Fm 3208 I
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files