Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Cajanus cajan
(pigeon pea)

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Datasheet

Cajanus cajan (pigeon pea)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 11 October 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Cajanus cajan
  • Preferred Common Name
  • pigeon pea
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Agroforestry
  • Fodder/animal feed
  • Forage
  • Invertebrate food for lac/wax insects
  • Invertebrate food for silkworms

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Cajanus cajan (pigeon pea); fruiting habit. Community Garden Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 2008.
TitleFruiting habit
CaptionCajanus cajan (pigeon pea); fruiting habit. Community Garden Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 2008.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Cajanus cajan (pigeon pea); fruiting habit. Community Garden Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 2008.
Fruiting habitCajanus cajan (pigeon pea); fruiting habit. Community Garden Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 2008.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Cajanus cajan (pigeon pea); seedpod. Community Garden Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 2008.
TitleSeedpod
CaptionCajanus cajan (pigeon pea); seedpod. Community Garden Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 2008.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Cajanus cajan (pigeon pea); seedpod. Community Garden Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 2008.
SeedpodCajanus cajan (pigeon pea); seedpod. Community Garden Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 2008.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Cajanus cajan (pigeon pea); flower. Old macadamia nut orchards Waiehu, Maui, Hawaii, USA. February 2007.
TitleFlower
CaptionCajanus cajan (pigeon pea); flower. Old macadamia nut orchards Waiehu, Maui, Hawaii, USA. February 2007.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Cajanus cajan (pigeon pea); flower. Old macadamia nut orchards Waiehu, Maui, Hawaii, USA. February 2007.
FlowerCajanus cajan (pigeon pea); flower. Old macadamia nut orchards Waiehu, Maui, Hawaii, USA. February 2007.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Cajanus cajan (pigeon pea); seedpods. Old macadamia nut orchards Waiehu, Maui, Hawaii, USA. February 2007.
TitleSeedpods
CaptionCajanus cajan (pigeon pea); seedpods. Old macadamia nut orchards Waiehu, Maui, Hawaii, USA. February 2007.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Cajanus cajan (pigeon pea); seedpods. Old macadamia nut orchards Waiehu, Maui, Hawaii, USA. February 2007.
SeedpodsCajanus cajan (pigeon pea); seedpods. Old macadamia nut orchards Waiehu, Maui, Hawaii, USA. February 2007.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Cajanus cajan (pigeon pea); fully mature seedpod. Community Garden Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 2008.
TitleSeedpod
CaptionCajanus cajan (pigeon pea); fully mature seedpod. Community Garden Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 2008.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Cajanus cajan (pigeon pea); fully mature seedpod. Community Garden Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 2008.
SeedpodCajanus cajan (pigeon pea); fully mature seedpod. Community Garden Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 2008.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Cajanus cajan (pigeon pea); grown for forage in Ethiopia.
TitleCajanus cajan
CaptionCajanus cajan (pigeon pea); grown for forage in Ethiopia.
CopyrightAshley Pearson
Cajanus cajan (pigeon pea); grown for forage in Ethiopia.
Cajanus cajanCajanus cajan (pigeon pea); grown for forage in Ethiopia.Ashley Pearson
Cajanus cajan (pigeon pea); grown for forage in Ethiopia.
TitleCajanus cajan
CaptionCajanus cajan (pigeon pea); grown for forage in Ethiopia.
CopyrightAshley Pearson
Cajanus cajan (pigeon pea); grown for forage in Ethiopia.
Cajanus cajanCajanus cajan (pigeon pea); grown for forage in Ethiopia.Ashley Pearson

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.

Preferred Common Name

  • pigeon pea

Other Scientific Names

  • Cajanus bicolor DC.
  • Cajanus flavus DC., nom. illeg.
  • Cajanus indicus Spreng., nom. illeg.
  • Cytisus cajan L.

International Common Names

  • Spanish: arveja de Angola; cachito (Guatemala); chicharo de paloma (Colombia); chickaro de arbol (Honduras); frejol mantecoso; frijol de arbol (Honduras); frijol de palo (Bolivia); gandul (Costa Rica); guandu quinconcho (Nicaragua); guisante de paloma (Colombia); guisante enamo (Colombia); lenteja bocona; lenteja francesa (Spain); puso-poroto (Bolivia); timbolillo (Costa Rica)
  • French: ambrévade; pois d'Angole

Local Common Names

  • Brazil: guandu-de-fava-larga
  • Cambodia: sândaèk dai; sândaèk klöng; sândaèk kroëb sâ
  • Germany: Straucherbsenbaum; Taubenerbsenbaum
  • India: adhaki; arhar; kandulu; thovaray; thuvara; togare; tur; tuvari; tuvarika; tuver
  • Indonesia: kacang Bali; kacang gude; kacang kayu
  • Italy: citiso dell'India; pisello d'Angola
  • Laos: thwàx h'ê
  • Malaysia: kacang; kacang dal; kacang hiris
  • Philippines: kardis; kidis; tabios
  • Thailand: ma hae; thua maetaai; thua rae
  • Vietnam: cay dau chieu; dau sang

EPPO code

  • CAJCA (Cajanus cajan)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Fabales
  •                         Family: Fabaceae
  •                             Subfamily: Faboideae
  •                                 Genus: Cajanus
  •                                     Species: Cajanus cajan

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Acanthoscelides flavescens; Acanthoscelides obtectus (bean bruchid); Acanthoscelides zeteki; Aceria cajani (pigeonpea mite); Adisura atkinsoni (field bean pod borer); Adoretus sinicus (Chinese rose beetle); Agallia albidula; Agrotis repleta (cutworm); Alabama argillacea (cotton leaf worm); Albonectria rigidiuscula (green point gall); Aleurodicus dispersus (whitefly); Amsacta moorei (tiger moth); Ancylostomia stercorea (pod borer); Anoplocnemis phasiana; Anticarsia gemmatalis (soybean caterpillar); Apate monachus (black borer); Aphis craccivora (groundnut aphid); Apion clavipes; Apomyelois ceratoniae (blunt-winged knot-horn); Asterolecanium pustulans (akee fringed scale); Balclutha abdominalis; Balclutha lineata; Bemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly); Callosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid); Callosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil); Carneocephala sagittifera; Cathartus quadricollis (square-necked grain beetle); Celosia argentea (celosia); Ceratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight); Cerotoma salvinii; Chionaspis minor (small snow scale); Choanephora cucurbitarum (Choanephora fruit rot); Chrysodeixis eriosoma (green looper caterpillar); Chrysodeixis includens (soybean looper); Clavigralla (pigeon pea bugs); Clavigralla elongata (African podbug); Clavigralla gibbosa; Clavigralla scutellaris (pod bug); Clavigralla tomentosicollis (African pod bug); Coccus longulus (long shield scale); Colaspis compta; Colaspis flavicornis; Colletotrichum lindemuthianum (anthracnose of bean); Colletotrichum truncatum (soyabean anthracnose); Corticium koleroga (thread blight); Corythuca gossypii (cotton lacebug); Cyclocephala amazona signata (hard-back beetle); Cydia nigricana (pea moth); Cyphonia clavata; Diabrotica laeta; Diaphania indica (cucumber moth); Diaprepes famelicus (root borer, sugarcane); Dioxyna sororcula; Diphaulaca viridipennis; Diplodia cajani (root rot of pigeon pea); Disonycha glabrata (flea beetle, amaranth); Duplaspidiotus subtesseratus; Echinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass); Edessa meditabunda (green and brown stink bug); Elasmopalpus lignosellus (lesser corn stalk borer); Empoasca fabalis; Empoasca hastosa; Enchenopa ignidorsum (orange and black treehopper); Erythricium salmonicolor (pink disease); Euphorbia hirta (garden spurge); Exelastis atomosa (plume moth); Exitianus atratus; Ferrisia virgata (striped mealybug); Frankliniella insularis (blossom thrips); Frankliniella schultzei (cotton thrips); Fundella pellucens (caribbean pod borer); Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (vascular cotton wilt); Fusarium pallidoroseum (fungal gummosis (of Leucaena)); Gibberella avenacea (Fusarium blight); Gibberella indica (wilt of pigeon pea); Gracilaria similatella (pigeon pea leaf roller); Helicotylenchus dihystera (common spiral nematode); Helicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm); Helicoverpa punctigera (native budworm); Helicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm); Heliothis virescens (tobacco budworm); Heterodera cajani (pigeon pea cyst nematode); Heterodera vigni (cowpea cyst nematode); Heterotermes convexinotatus; Hieroglyphus banian (rice grasshopper); Hoplolaimus seinhorsti (lance nematode); Hortensia similis (common green sugarcane leafhopper); Howardia biclavis (mining scale); Icerya montserratensis (montserrat cottony cushion scale); Icerya samaraia (steatococcus scale); Jacobiasca lybica (cotton jassid); Lachnosterna jamaicensis; Lampides boeticus (pea blue butterfly); Leptopharsa machalana; Liriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner); Litostylus strangulatus; Loberus testaceus; Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); Macrophomina phaseolina (charcoal rot of bean/tobacco); Maruca vitrata (lima bean pod borer); Megalotomus rufipes; Megalurothrips distalis; Megalurothrips sjostedti (bean flower thrips); Megalurothrips usitatus (bean flower thrips); Melanagromyza chalcosoma (bean pod fly); Melanagromyza obtusa (pod fly); Membracis tectigera; Menoetius curvipes; Mesophleps palpigera; Microtermes (termites); Mylabris pustulata (blister beetle, arhap); Myzus persicae (green peach aphid); Nipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug); Oedionychus decimguttatus; Oligonychus pratensis (spider mite); Omiodes diemenalis (soybean leaf folder); Omoplata marginata; Oncideres amputator; Oxycetonia versicolor; Parasaissetia nigra (pomegranate scale); Passalora cajani (leafspot of pigeon pea); Patanga succincta (bombay locust); Phakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust); Phoma cajani (canker of pigeon pea); Phoma sorghina (leaf spot of sorghum); Phyllophaga (white grubs); Phyllophaga hogardi; Phyllosticta cajani (phyllosticta leaf spot of pigeon pea); Physalospora cajanae; Phytophthora cryptogea (tomato foot rot); Phytophthora drechsleri f.sp. cajani (Phytophthora blight); Piezodorus guildinii (stink bug); Pigeon pea witches' broom phytoplasma (witches broom of pigeon pea); Pigeon Pea Yellow Mosaic Virus; Pigeonpea sterility mosaic virus (sterility mosaic); Pinnaspis strachani (lesser snow scale); Pityophthorus xylotrupes; Planococcus kenyae (coffee mealybug); Pococera atramentalis; Pratylenchus (root lesion nematode); Pratylenchus brachyurus (root-lesion nematode); Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion); Prepodes quadrivittatus (striped leaf weevil); Promecops lunatus; Protaetia fusca (mango flower beetle); Rhinacloa forticornis (brown cotton mirid); Rhizobium radiobacter (crown gall); Rhizobium rhizogenes (gall); Rhizoctonia ferruginea; Rhyssomatus nigerrimus; Richardia brasiliensis (white-eye (Australia)); Riptortus; Rivellia angulata; Rotylenchulus (reniform nematode); Rotylenchulus reniformis (reniform nematode); Saissetia coffeae (hemispherical scale); Saissetia oleae (olive scale); Schistocerca gregaria (desert locust); Sphenarches anisodactylus (plume moth); Sphenarches caffer (pod borer); Spilarctia obliqua (common hairy caterpillar); Stirellus bicolor; Sunn-hemp mosaic virus (cowpea Mosaic Virus); Systena s-littera; Tanaostigmodes cajaninae; Thysanoplusia orichalcea (slender burnished brass moth); Trogoderma anthrenoides; Urbanus proteus (bean leaf roller); Uredo cajani (rust of pigeon pea); Uromyces appendiculatus (bean rust); Uromyces dolicholi (rust of pigeon pea); Vanduzeea punctipennis; Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. cajani (bacterial leaf spot)

Minor host of:

Achatina fulica (giant African land snail); Alfalfa mosaic virus (alfalfa yellow spot); Amrasca biguttula biguttula (Indian cotton jassid); Anoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn); Aphasmatylenchus straturatus; Aphis fabae (black bean aphid); Aproaerema modicella (groundnut leaf miner); Aspergillus niger (black mould of onion); Athelia rolfsii (sclerotium rot); Bean golden mosaic virus (BGMV-type 1); Callosobruchus analis (weevil, bean); Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas); Coccidohystrix insolita (eggplant mealybug); Cochliobolus lunatus (head mould of grasses, rice and sorghum); Corcyra cephalonica (rice meal moth); Cuscuta campestris (field dodder); Dactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass); Diaporthe phaseolorum var. meridionalis (soyabean stem canker); Diaprepes abbreviatus (citrus weevil); Diaprepes spengleri (weevil, golden leaf); Etiella zinckenella (pea pod borer); Gibberella acuminata (stalk rot of maize); Globisporangium irregulare (dieback: carrot); Glomerella cingulata (anthracnose); Heterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode); Holotrichia serrata (white grub); Hoplolaimus indicus (lance nematode); Icerya aegyptiaca (breadfruit mealybug); Icerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale); Icerya seychellarum (Seychelles scale); Kerria lacca (lac insect); Lasiodiplodia theobromae (diplodia pod rot of cocoa); Leveillula taurica (powdery mildew of cotton); Melanagromyza sojae (soyabean stem miner); Meloidogyne acronea (African cotton root nematode); Meloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode); Mesoplatys ochroptera (sesbanie beetle); Mungbean yellow mosaic virus; Mythimna separata (paddy armyworm); Nezara viridula (green stink bug); Ophiomyia centrosematis (stemfly); Ophiomyia phaseoli (bean fly); Paracoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug); Phakopsora meibomiae (soybean rust); Phenacoccus madeirensis (Madeira mealybug); Piezodorus hybneri (legume stink bug); Planococcus citri (citrus mealybug); Pseudococcus jackbeardsleyi (Jack Beardsley mealybug); Pseudomonas savastanoi pv. phaseolicola (halo blight (of beans)); Pulvinaria psidii (green shield scale); Rastrococcus iceryoides (mango mealy bug); Rosellinia pepo (black root rot); Scutellonema bradys (yam nematode); Scutellonema clathricaudatum; Sinoxylon conigerum (conifer auger beetle); Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm); Thrips hawaiiensis (Hawaiian flower thrips); Thrips imaginis (plague thrips); Thrips tabaci (onion thrips); Tobacco streak virus (tobacco streak); Tribulus terrestris (puncture vine); Tylenchorhynchus claytoni (stunt nematode); Urd bean leaf crinkle virus

Associated with (not a host):

Aspergillus fumigatus; Atherigona orientalis (pepper fruit fly); Bacillus subtilis; Bracon cajani; Bracon thurberiphagae; Chelonus busckiella; Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. ciceris (Fusarium wilt of chickpea); Iconella etiellae; Mycosphaerella tassiana (antagonist of Botrytis cinerea); Myiophasia globosa; Phanerotoma bennetti; Trichoderma harzianum (hyperparasite of Rhizoctonia solani); Verticillium chlamydosporium (nematode egg parasite)

Host of (source - data mining):

Alcidodes collaris; Alternaria alternata (alternaria leaf spot); Alternaria tenuissima (nailhead spot of tomato); Apion amplum; Apion fulvipes (white clover seed weevil); Bruchidius incarnatus; Callosobruchus theobromae; Ceroplastodes cajani; Clavigralla shadabi; Cochliobolus hawaiiensis (leaf spot: maize); Creontiades pallidus (bud and boll shedder, bug); Cydia critica; Dasychira mendosa; Dolycoris indicus; Empoasca; Empoasca kerri; Euchrysops cnejus (bean blue); Fusarium oxysporum (basal rot); Gibberella intricans (damping-off of safflower); Helicoverpa assulta (Oriental tobacco budworm); Hishimonus phycitis; Hyposidra talaca; Leguminivora ptychora; Lepropus lateralis; Madurasia obscurella; Marumba dyras; Megalorrhipida defectalis; Microtermes obesi; Mocis undata; Mylabris phalerata (yellow-banded blister beetle); Mylabris thunbergi; Myllocerus undecimpustulatus; Myrothecium roridum (blight: eggplant); Nanaguna breviuscula; Otinotus oneratus; Oxyrhachis tarandus; Parthenolecanium persicae (peach scale); Phytophthora drechsleri (watermelon fruit rot); Rhizopus stolonifer (bulb rot); Stauropus alternus (lobster caterpillar); Suidasia nesbitti (scaly grain, mite); Tyrophagus putrescentiae (cereal mite); Urentius hystricellus (eggplant lace bug)

Uses List

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Animal feed, fodder, forage

  • Fodder/animal feed
  • Forage
  • Invertebrate food for lac/wax insects
  • Invertebrate food for silkworms

Environmental

  • Agroforestry
  • Boundary, barrier or support
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Shade and shelter
  • Soil improvement
  • Windbreak

Fuels

  • Fuelwood

Human food and beverage

  • Honey/honey flora
  • Nuts
  • Pulse
  • Vegetable

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical
  • Traditional/folklore