Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Camellia sinensis
(tea)

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Datasheet

Camellia sinensis (tea)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 28 November 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Camellia sinensis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • tea
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Beverage base
  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical
  • Spices and culinary herbs
  • Stimulants
  • Traditional/folklore

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Field tea crop, Uganda.
TitleField crop
CaptionField tea crop, Uganda.
Copyright©David J. Greathead
Field tea crop, Uganda.
Field cropField tea crop, Uganda.©David J. Greathead
Camellia sinensis (tea) field crop, Japan.
TitleField crop
CaptionCamellia sinensis (tea) field crop, Japan.
Copyright©David J. Greathead
Camellia sinensis (tea) field crop, Japan.
Field cropCamellia sinensis (tea) field crop, Japan.©David J. Greathead

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze

Preferred Common Name

  • tea

Variety

  • Camellia sinensis var. assamica (J.W. Mast.) Kitam.
  • Camellia sinensis var. sinensis

Other Scientific Names

  • Camellia thea Link
  • Camellia theifera Griff.
  • Thea bohea L.
  • Thea sinensis L.
  • Thea viridis L.

International Common Names

  • Spanish: té; te (planta)
  • French: thé; theier
  • Arabic: shây
  • Portuguese: cha

Local Common Names

  • Cambodia: taè
  • Germany: Teestrauch
  • Indonesia: teh
  • Italy: te (pianta)
  • Laos: hmiêngz; saa
  • Myanmar: leppet
  • Netherlands: the
  • Philippines: tsa
  • Sweden: tebuske
  • Thailand: miang
  • Vietnam: chè; trà

EPPO code

  • CAHSI (Camellia sinensis)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Theales
  •                         Family: Theaceae
  •                             Genus: Camellia
  •                                 Species: Camellia sinensis

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Acaphylla theae (pink tea rust mite); Agrotis ipsilon (black cutworm); Agrotis segetum (turnip moth); Amatissa cuprea; Andraca apodecta; Andraca bipunctata; Anredera baselloides (Madeira vine); Aonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale); Apogonia; Armillaria heimii (armillaria root rot); Arthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass); Bidens pilosa (blackjack); Biston suppressaria (tea looper); Borreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed); Brachycyttarus subteralbatus; Brevipalpus californicus (citrus flat mite); Brevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite); Caloptilia theivora (tea leaf roller); Cania bilinea; Cephaleuros parasiticus (red rust); Ceroplastes ceriferus (Indian wax scale); Ceroplastes japonicus (tortoise wax scale); Chalcocelis albiguttatus; Chenopodium album (fat hen); Chromolaena odorata (Siam weed); Coccus viridis (soft green scale); Commelina benghalensis (wandering jew); Convolvulus arvensis (bindweed); Conyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane); Conyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane); Crassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf); Cryptothelea fuscescens; Cydia leucostoma (flushworm); Cyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge); Dactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass); Darna diducta (nettle caterpillar); Darna trima (nettle caterpillar); Digitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass); Digitaria insularis (sourgrass); Ditylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode); Drymaria cordata (tropical chickweed); Echinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass); Ectropis bhurmitra (tea twig caterpillar); Empoasca onukii (tea green leafhopper); Erechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed); Erythricium salmonicolor (pink disease); Eumeta crameri (faggot worm); Eumeta minuscula (tea bagworm); Euphorbia hirta (garden spurge); Euproctis pseudoconspersa (tea tussock moth); Euwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer); Exobasidium vexans (blister blight of tea); Fimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush); Ganoderma philippii (tea root rot); Glomerella cingulata (anthracnose); Glyptotermes dilatatus (live-wood tea termite (Sri Lanka)); Haplochrois theae; Helicotylenchus dihystera (common spiral nematode); Heliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips); Helopeltis antonii (tea bug); Helopeltis bradyi (tea mosquito); Helopeltis clavifer; Helopeltis sp.; Helopeltis theivora (tea mosquito bug); Heterobostrychus aequalis (kapok borer); Holotrichia disparilis (white grub); Homona coffearia (tea tortrix); Homona magnanima (oriental tea tortrix); Hyalopeplus smaragdinus; Hyposidra infixaria; Hyposidra talaca; Imperata cylindrica (cogon grass); Lantana camara (lantana); Leersia hexandra (southern cut grass); Leptochloa chinensis (Chinese sprangletop); Lohita grandis; Macroplectra nararia (nettle grub); Macrotermes spp.; Meloidogyne brevicauda (Indian root-knot nematode); Meloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm); Microtermes (termites); Microtermes pakistanicus; Mikania micrantha (bitter vine); Mimosa pudica (sensitive plant); Mycterothrips setiventris (tea, thrips common); Odontotermes formosanus (formosan subterranean termite); Odontotermes horni; Odontotermes redemanni; Oligonychus coffeae (tea red spider mite); Orgyia postica (cocoa tussock moth); Oxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel); Oxalis latifolia (sorrel); Pachypeltis humerale; Panicum repens (torpedo grass); Parasa lepida (nettle caterpillar); Paratrichodorus porosus; Paspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum); Pennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass); Pennisetum polystachion (mission grass); Pennisetum purpureum (elephant grass); Persicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed); Phellinus noxius (brown tea root disease); Phomopsis theae (branch canker of tea); Phyllanthus urinaria (leafflower); Pleuroptya balteata; Poecilocoris latus (tea shield bug); Polygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper); Polygonum nepalense (Nepal persicaria); Polyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite); Poria hypolateritia (root disease: tea); Postelectrotermes militaris (dry wood termite); Pratylenchus brachyurus (root-lesion nematode); Pratylenchus loosi (root lesion nematode); Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion); Pseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug); Pseudomonas syringae pv. theae (shoot blight; bacterial stem blight); Radopholus similis (burrowing nematode); Rhizobium radiobacter (crown gall); Rhizobium rhizogenes (gall); Rhizoecus hibisci (root mealybug); Rosellinia arcuata (black root rot of tea); Rosellinia necatrix (dematophora root rot); Saccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane); Saissetia coffeae (hemispherical scale); Scirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips); Setaria palmifolia (palm grass); Setora nitens (coconut nettle caterpillar); Sida acuta (sida); Solanum carolinense (horsenettle); Solanum nigrum (black nightshade); Spodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm); Spodoptera litura (taro caterpillar); Stauropus alternus (lobster caterpillar); Suana concolor; Synedrella nodiflora (synedrella); Tetranychus kanzawai (kanzawa spider mite); Thaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth); Thosea lutea; Thosea sinensis (assam nettle, grub); Thosea vetusta; Toxoptera aurantii (camellia aphid); Tunstallia aculeata (thorny stem blight of tea); Xylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer); Xylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle); Zeuzera coffeae (coffee carpenter)

Minor host of:

Acarus siro (flour mite); Achatina fulica (giant African land snail); Acidovorax avenae subsp. avenae (bacterial leaf blight); Ageratum conyzoides (billy goat weed); Aleurocanthus spiniferus (orange spiny whitefly); Alternaria alternata (alternaria leaf spot); Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); Aonidiella aurantii (red scale); Aonidiella citrina (yellow scale); Aspidiotus destructor (coconut scale); Attacus atlas (atlas moth); Avena fatua (wild oat); Axonopus compressus (carpet grass); Centella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort); Ceroplastes destructor (white wax scale); Ceroplastes floridensis (soft scale); Ceroplastes rubens (red wax scale); Chloropulvinaria floccifera (camellia cottony, scale); Chondracris rosea (citrus locust); Chrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale); Coccus hesperidum (brown soft scale); Colletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry); Cricula trifenestrata (tea flush worm); Cylindrocarpon lichenicola; Cyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge); Digitaria abyssinica (East African couchgrass); Emilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower); Gryllotalpa africana (african mole cricket); Helicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode); Helicotylenchus pseudorobustus (spiral nematode); Helopeltis bergrothi (cacao-mosquito); Helopeltis schoutedeni (cacao-mosquito); Hoplolaimus pararobustus (lance nematode); Hypoxylon serpens (wood rot: tea); Icerya seychellarum (Seychelles scale); Indarbela quadrinotata (bark eating caterpillar); Khuskia oryzae (cob rot of maize); Lasiodiplodia theobromae (diplodia pod rot of cocoa); Leptocorisa acuta (rice seed bug); Marasmiellus scandens (white thread blight); Marasmius crinis-equi (horse hair blight); Megalurothrips distalis; Meloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode); Mimosa diplotricha (creeping sensitive plant); Papuana woodlarkiana; Parabemisia myricae (bayberry whitefly); Passiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower); Pestalotiopsis camelliae; Pseudaonidia duplex (camphor, scale); Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale); Pseudodendrothrips mori (mulberry thrips); Pulvinaria psidii (green shield scale); Rastrococcus iceryoides (mango mealy bug); Richardia brasiliensis (white-eye (Australia)); Rosellinia bunodes (black root rot); Rotylenchulus reniformis (reniform nematode); Rumex crispus (curled dock); Scirpus maritimus (saltmarsh bulrush); Scirtothrips aurantii (South African citrus thrips); Scutellonema brachyurus; Selenaspidus articulatus (West Indian red scale); Setaria pumila (yellow foxtail); Sorghum halepense (Johnson grass); Tetranychus cinnabarinus (carmine spider mite); Thrips flavus (honeysuckle thrips); Thrips hawaiiensis (Hawaiian flower thrips); Trichodorus (stubby root nematodes); Tridax procumbens (coat buttons); Xiphinema (dagger nematode); Xyleborus similis; Xylosandrus discolor; Xylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)

Associated with (not a host):

Erynia radicans (insect pathogen); Oligonychus perditus

Host of (source - data mining):

Acaphyllisa parindiae; Adiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern); Adoretus sinicus (Chinese rose beetle); Adrama determinata (fly, tea seed); Aphelenchus avenae (fungivorous nematode); Apolygus lucorum (small green plant bug); Asterolecanium pustulans (akee fringed scale); Athelia rolfsii (sclerotium rot); Brevipalpus obovatus (scarlet tea mite); Calacarus carinatus (purple tea mite); Casmara patrona; Chrysolampra flavipes; Chrysopogon aciculatus (golden false beardgrass); Colletotrichum coccodes (anthracnose); Corticium invisum (black rot: tea); Dasychira baibarana; Dictyophara patruelis; Ectropis obliqua; Fiorinia theae (camellia, scale); Fusarium oxysporum (basal rot); Fusarium pallidoroseum (fungal gummosis (of Leucaena)); Fusarium proliferatum; Heptophylla picea (chafter, yellowish elongate); Hydropisphaera arenula; Jacobiasca formosana; Kretzschmaria deusta (canker of beech); Lygus spinolae (plant bug, pale green); Maladera japonica (velvety chafer); Odontotermes feae; Pestalotiopsis theae (grey: tea blight); Pseudomonas syringae (bacterial blast); Scirtothrips bispinosus; Scirtothrips kenyensis; Spiraea japonica (Japanese spirea); Stephanitis chinensis; Tetramorium aculeatum (biting, ant); Tetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite); Thanatephorus cucumeris (many names, depending on host); Trialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)

Uses List

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Drugs, stimulants, social uses

  • Stimulants

Human food and beverage

  • Beverage base
  • Spices and culinary herbs

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical
  • Traditional/folklore