Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Archips rosana
(European leaf roller)

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Datasheet

Archips rosana (European leaf roller)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 21 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Archips rosana
  • Preferred Common Name
  • European leaf roller
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
A. rosana; adult (museum set specimen).
TitleAdult
CaptionA. rosana; adult (museum set specimen).
Copyright©David Agassiz
A. rosana; adult (museum set specimen).
AdultA. rosana; adult (museum set specimen).©David Agassiz
Adult female of A. rosana (museum set specimen).
TitleFemale
CaptionAdult female of A. rosana (museum set specimen).
CopyrightLouis van der Laan/Zoological Museum Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Adult female of A. rosana (museum set specimen).
FemaleAdult female of A. rosana (museum set specimen).Louis van der Laan/Zoological Museum Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Adult male of A. rosana (museum set specimen).
TitleMale
CaptionAdult male of A. rosana (museum set specimen).
CopyrightLouis van der Laan/Zoological Museum Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Adult male of A. rosana (museum set specimen).
MaleAdult male of A. rosana (museum set specimen).Louis van der Laan/Zoological Museum Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Adult male of A. rosana (museum set specimen).
TitleMale
CaptionAdult male of A. rosana (museum set specimen).
CopyrightLouis van der Laan/Zoological Museum Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Adult male of A. rosana (museum set specimen).
MaleAdult male of A. rosana (museum set specimen).Louis van der Laan/Zoological Museum Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Archips rosana Linnaeus

Preferred Common Name

  • European leaf roller

Other Scientific Names

  • Archips rosanus
  • Cacoecia hewittana
  • Cacoecia rosana (Linnaeus)
  • Tortrix hewittana Busck
  • Tortrix laevigana Schiffermueller
  • Tortrix rosana (Linnaeus)

International Common Names

  • English: rose leaf folder; rose twist moth
  • French: tordeuse europeenne

Local Common Names

  • Denmark: hækvikler
  • Finland: pensaskääriäinen
  • Germany: Wickler, Brauner Rosen-; Wickler, Hecken-
  • Israel: ash ale havardaniim
  • Netherlands: heggebladroller; rozenbladroller
  • Spain: cacoecia de los frutales
  • Sweden: häckvecklare
  • Turkey: yaprak buken

EPPO code

  • CACORO (Cacoecia rosana)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Tortricidae
  •                             Genus: Archips
  •                                 Species: Archips rosana

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Asia

AzerbaijanPresentMaharramova (2011)
KazakhstanPresentZlatanova (1970); Lozhaunikas and Yakovishena (1978)
TurkeyPresentDoğanlar (1984)

Europe

AlbaniaPresentKapidani and Duraj (1991)
BelgiumPresentVanwetswinkel and Seutin (1978); Balevski and Ivanov (1979); Vantieghem (1994)
BulgariaPresentKolev (1972)
CzechoslovakiaPresentVankova (1973)
Federal Republic of YugoslaviaPresentCiglar and Schmidt (1983)
FinlandPresentPeltotalo and Tuovinen (1986)
FrancePresentGendrier (1985); Monnet (1987)
GermanyPresentGottwald (1977); Harzer (1990)
GreecePresentLykouressis and Eastop (1997); CABI (Undated)
HungaryPresentJenser et al. (1997)
ItalyPresentBenfatto (1981); Benfatto (1984); Lozzia and Trematerra (1986); Castellari (1988); Roversi (1995)
LithuaniaPresentCABI (Undated);
NetherlandsPresentRoelofs et al. (1976); Reede et al. (1985)
PolandPresentNapiórkowska (1991); CABI (Undated)
RussiaPresentGrichanov et al. (1994)
SpainPresentRubio et al. (1990); CABI (Undated)
SwitzerlandPresentGottwald (1977)
UkrainePresentPralya et al. (1992)
United KingdomPresentCross (1996)

North America

CanadaPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-British ColumbiaPresentDoganlar and Beirne (1978); Gillespie and Beirne (1982); Thomson et al. (1991); Deland et al. (1994); CABI (Undated)
United StatesPresentAliNiazee (1994)
-OregonPresentCoop et al. (1989); AliNiazee (1994); AliNiazee et al. (1997)

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / external feeding
Growing point / external feeding
Inflorescence / external feeding
Leaves / leaves rolled or folded

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Apanteles ater Parasite Larvae
Apanteles brunnistigma Parasite Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis galleriae Pathogen Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki Pathogen Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis thuringiensis Pathogen Larvae
Bassus rufipes Parasite Larvae
Beauveria bassiana Pathogen
Bessa parallela Parasite Larvae
Blondelia nigripes Parasite Larvae
Charmon extensor Parasite Larvae
Clemelis pullata Parasite Larvae
Dibrachys cavus Parasite
Dolichogenidea laevigata Parasite Larvae
Elodia morio Parasite Larvae
Eumea linearicornis Parasite Larvae
Eurysthaea scutellaris Parasite Larvae
Eurytoma verticillata Parasite
Hypomicrogaster suffolciensis Parasite Larvae
Itoplectis maculator Parasite Larvae
Itoplectis quadricingulata Parasite Larvae
Lycorina triangulifera Parasite
Macrocentrus rossemi Parasite Larvae
Meteorus argyrotaeniae Parasite Larvae
Meteorus ictericus Parasite Larvae
Microgaster laeviscuta Parasite Larvae
Nemorilla floralis Parasite Larvae
Nosema carpocapsae Pathogen
Oedemopsis scabricula Parasite
Phytodietus polyzonias Parasite Larvae
Phytodietus segmentator Parasite
Phytomyptera nigrina Parasite Larvae
Pimpla contemplator Parasite
Platymya mitis Parasite Larvae
Pseudoperichaeta erecta Parasite Larvae
Pseudoperichaeta nigrolineata Parasite Larvae
Trichogramma cacoeciae Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma dendrolimi Parasite
Trichogramma telengai Parasite Eggs
Trichoma enecator Parasite Larvae
Trichomma enecator Parasite
Zenillia libatrix Parasite Larvae

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Leaves eggs; larvae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Fruits (inc. pods)
Growing medium accompanying plants
Roots
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

References

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AliNiazee MT, 1974. Evaluation of Bacillus thuringiensis against Archips rosanus (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Canadian Entomologist, 106(4):393-398

AliNiazee MT, 1977. Bionomics and life history of a filbert leafroller, Archips rosanus (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 70(3):391-401

AliNiazee MT, 1994. Insect pest management in hazelnut orchards of North America. Acta Horticulturae, 351:543-549

AliNiazee MT; Amin Alhumeyri; Saeed M, 1997. Laboratory and field evaluation of a neem insecticide against Archips rosanus L. (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Canadian Entomologist, 129(1):27-33; 19 ref.

Arias Giralda A; Nieto Calderon J, 1972. A comparative test of compounds active against overwintering eggs of Cacoecia rosana L. (pear Tortricid). Boletin Informativo de Plagas, 99:23-27

Baggiolini M, 1958. Etude des possibilités de coordination de la lutte chimique et biologique contre Cacoecia rosana L. avec le concours de Trichogramma cacoeciae. Bull. Soc. Entom. Suisse, 31:35-44.

Balevski A; Ivanov S, 1979. Control of leafrollers - damagers of fruit in apple orchards. Rastitelna Zashchita, 27(4):32-35

Barrett CG, 1904-05. The Lepidoptera of the British Islands., UK 425-469.

Barrett CG, 1905-07. The Lepidoptera of the British Islands. London, UK 470-504.

Beeke H; De Jong DJ, 1991. Identification of larvae and pupae. In: Van der Geest LPS, Evenhuis HH, eds. Tortricid Pests, their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier, 65-76.

Benfatto D, 1981. Necessity for control against the citrus shoot leaf-roller and use of chemical products. Informatore Fitopatologico, 31(4):23-27

Benfatto D, 1984. Observations on the chemical control of citrus pests: use of pheromone traps to monitor Archips rosanus L. and Prays citri Mill. Annali dell'Istituto Sperimentale per l'Agrumicoltura, 17-18:213-238

Bolotnikova VV; Supranovich RV, 1981. Contribution to the biology and ecology of Trichogramma cacoecip March. in Belorussia. In: Sem'yanov VP, ed. Noveishie dostizheniya sel'skokhozyaistvennoi entomologii (po materialam USh s"ezda VEO, Vil'nyus, 9-13 oktyabrya 1979 g.) Vsesoyuznoe Entomologicheskoe Obshchestvo Vilnius USSR, 26-27

Bradley JD; Tremewan WG; Smith A, 1973. British Tortricoid Moths, Cochylidae and Tortricidae: Tortricinae. London, UK: Ray Society.

Bradley JD; Tremewan WG; Smith A, 1973. British Tortricoid Moths, Cochylidae and Tortricidae: Tortricinae. London, UK: Ray Society.

Bradley JD; Tremewan WG; Smith A, 1979. British tortricoid moths. Tortricidae: Olethreutinae. British tortricoid moths. Tortricidae: Olethreutinae. London, UK: The Ray Society, 336.

Castellari PL, 1988. Studies on Pandemis cerasana Hb. (=ribeana Hb.), Archips podanus Scop., A. rosanus L., Argyrotpnia pulchellana Haw. (Lep. Tortricidae) and a method for their control. Bollettino dell'Istituto di Entomologia della Universita degli Studi di Bologna, 42:139-174

Chepurnaya VI; Rybalov LN, 1981. The rose leaf-roller on black currant. Zashchita Rastenii, Vol. 4:54

Ciglar I; Schmidt L, 1983. Insect fauna of the apple orchard 'Borinci' - Vinkovci, Croatia, Yugoslavia. Acta Entomologica Jugoslavica, 19(1/2):83-90

Coop L; Knight A; Fisher G, 1989. Parasitism of orange tortrix on caneberry, Rubus spp. in Western Oregon and Washington. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia, 86:63-65

Cross JV, 1996. A pheromone trap survey of tortricid moths (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in apple orchards in England subject to different insecticide management. Entomologist, 115(3/4):168-180; 14 ref.

Deland JP; Judd GJR; Roitberg BD, 1994. Disruption of pheromone communication in three sympatric leafroller (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) pests of apple in British Columbia. Environmental Entomology, 23(5):1084-1090

Doganlar M, 1984. Notes on Chalcidoidea of Turkey. I. Chalicididae, Eurytomidae, Torymidae, Ormyridae, Perilampidae, Eucharitidae. Turkiye Bitki Koruma Dergisi, 8(3):151-158

Doganlar M; Beirne BP, 1978. Fruit tree leafrollers (Lepidoptera) and parasites (Hymenoptera) introduced in the Vancouver district, British Columbia. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia, 75:23-24

Ford LT, 1949. A Guide to the Smaller British Lepidoptera. London, UK.

Gendrier JP, 1985. Rationalising the control of the pests of pear. Phytoma, 371:33-35

Gillespie DR; Beirne BP, 1982. Leafrollers (Lepidoptera) on berry crops in the Lower Fraser Valley, British Columbia. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia, 79:31-36

Gottwald R, 1977. Investigations on monitoring the rose tortricid (Archips rosana L.) in intensive plantings of apple. Nachrichtenblatt fur den Pflanzenschutz in der DDR, 31(7):145-150

Grichanov IY; Bukzeyeva ON; Zakonnikova KV, 1994. The influence of temperature on the phenology of the tortricid moth Archips rosana L. (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection, 29(2):185-189

Harzer W, 1990. Preliminary findings on the control of the fruit peel tortricid with Insegar. Obstbau (Bonn), 15(4):146-150

Jenser G; Balßzs K; ErdTlyi C; Haltrich A; Kozßr F; Mark= V; Rßcz V; Samu F, 1997. The effect of an integrated pest management program on the arthropod populations in a Hungarian apple orchard. Zahradnictvi^acute~, 24(2):63-76; 16 ref.

Kapidani A; Duraj N, 1991. Investigations on the biology and control of the tortricid Archips rosana L. in Albania. Pflanzenschutzberichte, 52(2):79-88

Kolev KD, 1972. Studies of substances and times for the control of some Tortricids on fruit trees. Gradinarska i Lozarska Nauka, 9(4):29-36

Lozhaunikas EE; Yakovishena YaK, 1978. The Telman observation point. Zashchita Rastenii, 11:39

Lozzia GC; Trematerra P, 1986. Guided control in the apple orchards of the Valtella district: leaf-rolling tortricids and their flight periods. Difesa delle Piante, 9(3):245-260

Lykouressis DP; Eastop VF, 1997. Larval and pupal parasitoids of Archips rosanus L. on citrus: new associations. Entomologist, 116(1):33-36; 13 ref.

Madsen HF; Potter SA; Peters FE, 1977. Pest management: control of Archips argyrospilus and Archips rosanus (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) on apple. Canadian Entomologist, 109(2):171-174

Maharramova S, 2011. Characterization of leaf-rollers attacking forest and fruit trees in Azerbaijan (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Beiträge zur Entomologie, 61(1):223-238.

Mayer DF; Beirne BP, 1974. Aspects of the ecology of apple leaf rollers (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in the Okanagan Valley, British Columbia. Canadian Entomologist, 106(4):349-352

Mayer DF; Beirne BP, 1974. Occurrence of apple leaf rollers (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) and their parasites in the Okanagan Valley, British Columbia. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia, 71:22-25

Meyrick E, 1928. A Revised Handbook of British Lepidoptera. London, UK.

Minyailo VA; Minyailo AK, 1988. On the number of pheromone traps neccessary for the estimation of the density of a population of the rose leaf roller - Archips rosanus (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae). Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, 67(5):760-765

Minyailo VA; Minyailo AK, 1988. Sample size for counting egg masses of the rose leafroller. Zashchita Rastenii (Moskva), 6:37

Miselyunene IS; Valyukas YuB, 1981. The effect of microbial preparations on the most important pests of orchards. Noveishie dostizheniya sel'skokhozyaistvennoi entomologii (po materialam USh s"ezda VeO, Vil'nyus, 9-13 oktyabrya 1979 g.), 117-119.

Monnet Y, 1987. Fruit crops. Archips rosana, a tortricid pest of blackcurrants. Phytoma, 387:40-41

Mourikis PA; Vassilaina-Alexopoulou P, 1974. Infestation of Citrus-trees in Greece by Archips rosanus (L.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Annales de l'Institut Phytopathologique Benaki, 11(1):69-70

Napiorkowska J, 1991. Parasitic insects reared from larvae and pupae of Archips rosanus L. (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae) collected on ornamental shrubs of Lublin. Wiadomosci Entomologiczne, 10(3):163-167

Niemczyk E, 1980. Applying bacterial preparations against orchard pests. In: Proceedings of the International symposium of IOBC/WPRS on integrated control in agriculture, forestryVienna, ed. Workshop sessions. Vienna, Austria: International Organization for Biological Control of Noxious Animals and Plants, West Palearctic Regional Section, 416-419

Niemczyk E; Dronka K, 1976. The effectiveness of the bacterial preparation Dipel for the control of leaf-rollers (Tortricidae) in apple orchards. Roczniki Nauk Rolniczych, E, 6(1):143-149

Niemczyk E; Dronka K; Dawydko B; Predki S, 1975. Effectiveness of bacterial preparation Thuricide 90TS to control leaf rollers (Tortricidae) in apple-orchards. Roczniki Nauk Rolniczych, E, 5(1):75-85

Peltotalo P; Tuovinen T, 1986. Specificity of pheromone preparates for lepidopterous pests. Annales Agriculturae Fenniae, 25(2):139-146

Piekarska-Boniecka H, 1994. Contribution to knowledge of the leaf-rollers (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae) and their parasitoids (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae) occurring on red currant in the environs of Poznan. Wiadomosci Entomologiczne, 13(3):185-190

Piekarska-Boniecka H; Wilkaniec B; Dolanska-Niedbaa E, 2008. Parasitoids of Ichneumonidae family (Hymenoptera, Apocrita) limiting abundance of rose tortrix moth Archips rosana (L.) in selected orchards in Wielkopolska. (Parazytoidy z rodziny Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera, Apocrita) ograniczajace liczebnosc zwójki rózóweczki [Archips rosana (L.)] w wybranych sadach Wielkopolski.) Progress in Plant Protection, 48(4):1319-1322. http://www.progress.plantprotection.pl/pliki/2008/48-4-40.pdf

Pierce FN; Metcalfe JW, 1922. The Genitalia of the group Tortricidae of the lepidoptera of the British Islands. Oundle, UK.

Powell JA, 1964. Biological and taxonomic studies on tortricine moths, with reference to the species in California. Berkeley/Los Angeles, USA: University of California Publications in Entomology/University of California Press, 32.

Pralya II; Sen'kova EA; Shapar' MV, 1992. Methods of counting orchard leafrollers (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae). Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, 71(4):131-138

Raudonis L, 2001. Dynamics of pest abundance and its harm in intensive orchards of apple-trees. Sodininkyste ir Darzininkyste, 20(4):11-16.

Reede RH de; Alkema P; Blommers LHM, 1985. The use of the insect growth regulators fenoxycarb and epofenonane against leafrollers in integrated pest management in apple orchards. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 39(3):265-272

Roelofs W; Hill A; Carde A; Madsen H; Vakenti J, 1976. Sex pheromone of the European leafroller, Archips rosanus. Environmental Entomology, 5(2):362-364

Roshchin NT; Shestopal AV; Dzhafarov ShM, 1986. Lepidocide against tortricids. Zashchita Rastenii, No. 5:33-34.

Roversi A, 1995. Observations on the management of a sweet cherry orchard in southern Italy, with respect to integrated control. Bulletin OILB/SROP, 18(2):35-38

Rubio M; Esteban J; Llamas S, 1990. Treatment, differentiation and control of catches using bait traps with synthetic sexual pheromones of Lepidoptera potentially new to cultivated plants. Boletin de Sanidad Vegetal, Plagas, 16(1):371-379

Strickler K; Whalon M, 1985. Microlepidoptera species composition in Michigan apple orchards. Environmental Entomology, 14(4):486-495

Thomson DR; Angerilli NPD; Vincent C; Gaunce AP, 1991. Evidence for regional differences in the response of obliquebanded leafroller (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) to sex pheromone blends. Environmental Entomology, 20(3):935-938

Vankova J, 1973. Comparison of the insecticidal effects of two Bacillus thuringiensis preparations, Bathurin and Dipel. Acta Entomologica Bohemoslovaca, 70(5):328-333

Vantieghem H, 1994. Insect sex pheromones: general and possibilities in Belgian fruit culture (Part 2). Fruitteelt-nieuws, 7(11):9-11

Vanwetswinkel G; Seutin E, 1978. Study of some photostable pyrethroids in fruit-tree cultivation. Phytiatrie-Phytopharmacie, 27:15-26

Zlatanova AA, 1970. The biology of Microdus rufipes Nees (Hymenoptera, Braconidae) - a parasitoid of the codling moth in Kazakhstan. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie, 49(4):749-755

Zukauskiene J, 1973. The after effects of Entobakterin 3, Dendrobacillin and Boverin on leaf eating pests of berry fruits and their parasites. Acta Entomologica Lituanica, 2:137-151.

Zurabova eR; Pokozii IT; Yatsenko VG; Vavilov VG, 1986. Lepidocide against Lepidoptera in orchards and soft-fruit crops. Zashchita Rastenii, No. 5:26-27.

Distribution References

AliNiazee M T, 1994. Insect pest management in hazelnut orchards of North America. In: Acta Horticulturae, 543-549.

AliNiazee M T, Amin Alhumeyri, Saeed M, 1997. Laboratory and field evaluation of a neem insecticide against Archips rosanus L. (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Canadian Entomologist. 129 (1), 27-33.

Balevski A, Ivanov S, 1979. Control of leafrollers - damagers of fruit in apple orchards. Rastitelna Zashchita. 27 (4), 32-35.

Benfatto D, 1981. Necessity for control against the citrus shoot leaf-roller and use of chemical products. (Necessita della lotta control la tortrice dei germogli degli agrumi e impiego di prodotti chimici.). Informatore Fitopatologico. 31 (4), 23-27.

Benfatto D, 1984. Observations on the chemical control of citrus pests: use of pheromone traps to monitor Archips rosanus L. and Prays citri Mill. (Osservazioni sul controllo chimico dei fitofagi degli agrumi: impiego di trappole a feromoni per il monitoraggio di Archips rosanus L. e Prays citri Mill.). Annali dell'Istituto Sperimentale per l'Agrumicoltura. 213-238.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Castellari P L, 1988. Studies on Pandemis cerasana Hb. (=ribeana Hb.), Archips podanus Scop., A. rosanus L., Argyrotaenia pulchellana Haw. (Lep. Tortricidae) and a method for their control. (Ricerche su Pandemis cerasana Hb. (=ribeana Hb.), Archips podanus Scop., A. rosanus L., Argyrotaenia pulchellana Haw. (Lep. Tortricidae) e su di un metodo per combatterli.). Bollettino dell'Istituto di Entomologia della Università degli Studi di Bologna. 139-174.

Ciglar I, Schmidt L, 1983. Insect fauna of the apple orchard 'Borinci' - Vinkovci, Croatia, Yugoslavia. (Fauna kukaca y jabučnjaku 'Borinci' - Vinkovci, Hrvatska, Jugoslavija.). Acta Entomologica Jugoslavica. 19 (1/2), 83-90.

Coop L, Knight A, Fisher G, 1989. Parasitism of orange tortrix on caneberry, Rubus spp. in Western Oregon and Washington. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia. 63-65.

Cross J V, 1996. A pheromone trap survey of tortricid moths (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in apple orchards in England subject to different insecticide management. Entomologist. 115 (3/4), 168-180.

Deland J P, Judd G J R, Roitberg B D, 1994. Disruption of pheromone communication in three sympatric leafroller (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) pests of apple in British Columbia. Environmental Entomology. 23 (5), 1084-1090. DOI:10.1093/ee/23.5.1084

Doğanlar M, 1984. Notes on Chalcidoidea of Turkey. I. Chalicididae, Eurytomidae, Torymidae, Ormyridae, Perilampidae, Eucharitidae. Türkiye Bitki Koruma Dergisi. 8 (3), 151-158.

Doganlar M, Beirne B P, 1978. Fruit tree leafrollers (Lepidoptera) and parasites (Hymenoptera) introduced in the Vancouver district, British Columbia. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia. 23-24.

Gendrier J P, 1985. Rationalising the control of the pests of pear. (Raisonner la lutte contre les ravageurs du poirier.). Phytoma. 33-35.

Gillespie D R, Beirne B P, 1982. Leafrollers (Lepidoptera) on berry crops in the Lower Fraser Valley, British Columbia. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia. 31-36.

Gottwald R, 1977. Investigations on monitoring the rose tortricid (Archips rosana L.) in intensive plantings of apple. (Untersuchungen zur Uberwachung des Heckenwicklers (Archips rosana L.) in Apfelintensivanlagen.). Nachrichtenblatt fur den Pflanzenschutz in der DDR. 31 (7), 145-150.

Grichanov I Y, Bukzeyeva O N, Zakonnikova K V, 1994. The influence of temperature on the phenology of the tortricid moth Archips rosana L. (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection. 29 (2), 185-189. DOI:10.1080/03235409409383109

Harzer W, 1990. Preliminary findings on the control of the fruit peel tortricid with Insegar. (Erste Erfahrungen bei der Fruchtschalenwicklerbekämpfung mit Insegar.). Obstbau (Bonn). 15 (4), 146-150.

Jenser G, Balázs K, Erdélyi C, Haltrich A, Kozár F, Markó V, Rácz V, Samu F, 1997. The effect of an integrated pest management program on the arthropod populations in a Hungarian apple orchard. Zahradnictví. 24 (2), 63-76.

Kapidani A, Duraj N, 1991. Investigations on the biology and control of the tortricid Archips rosana L. in Albania. (Untersuchungen zur Biologie und Bekämpfung des Heckenwicklers (Archips rosana L.) in Albanien.). Pflanzenschutzberichte. 52 (2), 79-88.

Kolev K D, 1972. Studies of substances and times for the control of some Tortricids on fruit trees. Gradinarska i Lozarska Nauka. 9 (4), 29-36.

Lozhaunikas E E, Yakovishena Ya K, 1978. The Telman observation point. Zashchita Rastenii. 39.

Lozzia G C, Trematerra P, 1986. Guided control in the apple orchards of the Valtella district: leaf-rolling tortricids and their flight periods. (Difesa guidata nei meleti della Valtellina: tortricidi ricamatori e loro epoche di volo.). Difesa delle Piante. 9 (3), 245-260.

Lykouressis D P, Eastop V F, 1997. Larval and pupal parasitoids of Archips rosanus L. on citrus: new associations. Entomologist. 116 (1), 33-36.

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