Beet curly top virus (curly top)
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IdentityTop of page
Preferred Scientific Name
- Beet curly top virus
Preferred Common Name
- curly top
Other Scientific Names
- Beet curly top geminivirus
- beet curly top hybrigeminivirus
- potato green dwarf virus
- sugarbeet curly top virus
- sugarbeet curly-leaf virus
- sugarbeet virus 1
- tomato yellow virus
- tomato yellows virus
- western yellow blight virus
International Common Names
- English: beet curly top; curly top of beet; potato green dwarf; sugar beet curly top virus; sugar beet curly-leaf; tomato yellows; tomato yellows virus
Local Common Names
- Germany: Kraeuselschopfkrankheit: Ruebe
- BCTV00 (Beet curly top curtovirus)
Taxonomic TreeTop of page
- Domain: Virus
- Group: "ssDNA viruses"
- Group: "DNA viruses"
- Family: Geminiviridae
- Genus: Curtovirus
- Species: Beet curly top virus
Distribution TableTop of page
The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.Last updated: 23 Apr 2020
Growth StagesTop of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage
List of Symptoms/SignsTop of page
|Fruit / abnormal shape|
|Fruit / reduced size|
|Growing point / discoloration|
|Growing point / distortion|
|Inflorescence / blight; necrosis|
|Inflorescence / discoloration (non-graminaceous plants)|
|Leaves / abnormal colours|
|Leaves / abnormal forms|
|Leaves / abnormal patterns|
|Leaves / leaves rolled or folded|
|Leaves / wilting|
|Leaves / yellowed or dead|
|Roots / reduced root system|
|Stems / distortion|
|Whole plant / distortion; rosetting|
|Whole plant / dwarfing|
|Whole plant / plant dead; dieback|
Plant TradeTop of page
|Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transport||Pest stages||Borne internally||Borne externally||Visibility of pest or symptoms|
|Leaves||Yes||Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye|
|Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport|
|Fruits (inc. pods)|
|Growing medium accompanying plants|
|Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches|
|True seeds (inc. grain)|
Vectors and Intermediate HostsTop of page
ReferencesTop of page
Abdel-Salam AM, 1991. Tomato yellow leaf curl virus in Egypt: 1 - characterization, partial purification and antiserum production. Bulletin of the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Cairo, 42(2):507-520
Abdel-Salam AM; Amin AH, 1990. An Egyptian isolate of beet curly top virus: new differential hosts, physical properties, seed transmission, and serologic studies. Bulletin of Faculty of Agriculture, University of Cairo, 41(3):843-858
Abdel-Salam AM; Thomas PE, 1994. Isolation and partial characterization of a geminivirus transmitted by the greenhouse whitefly Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Westwood) in some tomato fields in Washington and Oregon States. Egyptian Journal of Phytopathology, 22(1):91-105; 22 ref.
Adsuar J, 1955. A disease of tomato in Puerto Rico resembling Brazilian curly top of tomatoes. Journal of Agriculture, University of Puerto Rico, 39:113-114.
Arjmand MN; Farsinejad K; Alimoradi I; Aghaeizadeh M; Katal B; Frese L, Panella L (ed. ), Srivastava HM (ed.), Lange-W, 1998. Pre-breeding for major disease resistances in sugar beet in Iran. International Crop Network Series, 12:58-61.
Atkins IM; Futrell MC; Merkel OG, 1957. Observations on curly top of flax in Texas. Plant Disease Reporter, 41:995-1000.
Beardsley JW, 1966. Insects and other terrestrial arthopods from the leeward Hawaiian Islands. Hawaiian Entomol. Soc., Proc., 19:157-185.
Bell FH; Segundo AB, 1957. Disease of temperate climate crops in Bolivia. Plant Disease Reporter, 41:646-649.
Bennett CW, 1971. The curly top disease of sugarbeet and other plants. Monograph, American Phytopathological Society, No. 7.
Bennett CW; Carsner E; Coons GH; Brandes EW, 1946. The Argentine curly top of sugar beet. Journal of Agricultural Research, 72:19-48.
Bennett CW; Costa AS, 1949. The Brazilian curly top of tomato and tobacco resembling North American and Argentine curly top of sugar beet. Journal of Agricultural Research, 78:675-693.
Bennett CW; Tanrisever A, 1957. Sugar beet curly top disease in Turkey. Plant Disease Reporter, 41:721-725.
Bennett CW; Tanrisever A, 1958. Curly top disease in Turkey and its relationship to curly top in North America. Journal of American Society of Sugar Beet Technology, 10:189-211.
Blickenstaff CC; Traveller D, 1979. Factors affecting curly top damage to sugarbeets and beans in southern Idaho, 1919-77. Agricultural Reviews and Manuals, Science and Education Administration, United States Department of Agriculture, ARM-W-8:iv + 22 pp.
Boulton MI; Markham PG, 1986. The use of squash-blotting to detect plant pathogens in insect vectors. In: Jones RAC, Torrance L, eds. Developments in Applied Biology 1: Developments and Applications in Virus Testing. Wellesbourne, UK: Association of Applied Biologists, 55-69.
Briddon RW; Markham PG, 1995. Geminiviridae. In: Murphy FA, Fauquet CM, Bishop DHL, Jarvis AW, Martelli GP, Mayo MA, Summers MD, eds. Virus Taxonomy. Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses, 6th, 158-165.
Davis EW, 1927. Notes on collections of the sugar beet leafhopper showing the extension of its known range into British Columbia and to the coast of Washington and Oregon. Journal of Economic Entomology, 20:581-586.
Doney DL; Frese L Panella L; Srivastava HM; Lange W, 1998. Beta evaluation and sugar beet enhancement from wild sources. International Crop Network Series, 12:73-76.
Duarte MLR; Albuquerque FC, 1971. Tomato diseases in Amazon region. Instituto de Pesquisas e Experimentacao Agropecuarias do Norte, Fitotecnia, 2:9-34.
Duffus JE, 1983. Epidemiology and control of curly top diseases of sugarbeet and other crops. In: Plumb RT, Thresh JM, ed. Plant virus epidemiology. The spread and control of insect-borne viruses Blackwell Scientific Publications Oxford United Kingdom, 297-304
Duffus JE, 1986. Beet curly top. In: Whitney ED, Duffus JE, eds. Compendium of beet diseases and insects. St. Paul, Minnesota, USA: American Phytopathological Society Press, 31-32.
EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm
Esau K, 1935. Ontogeny of the phloem in sugar beets affected by the curly top disease. American Journal of Botany, 22:149-163.
Flock RA; Laird EF; Dickson RC, 1960. Loss caused by late infection of cantaloupes by the curly top virus. Phytopathology, 50:327-328.
Fulton RW, 1955. Curly top of tobacco in Wisconsin. Plant Disease Reporter, 39:799-800.
Haggestad HE; Moore EL, 1959. Occurrence of curly top on tobacco in Maryland and North Carolina in 1958. Plant Disease Reporter, 43:682-684.
Hills OA; Taylor EA, 1954. Effect of curly top-infective beet leafhoppers on cantaloup plants in varying stages of development. Journal of Economical Entomology, 47:44-48.
Hoyle BJ, 1977. Curly top identification handbook: nine crops. DANR University of California, Publication 4079.
Hungerford CW, 1934. Curly top of vegetables in Idaho. Plant Disease Reporter, 18:173-174.
Ikegami M, 1990. Computer analysis between nucleotide and amino acid sequences of mung bean yellow mosaic virus and those of maize streak, wheat dwarf, chloris striate mosaic and beet curly top viruses. Journal of Agricultural Science, Tokyo Nogyo Daigaku, 35(1):17-23
Kubelkova D; Spak J, 1999. Virus diseases of poppy (Papaver somniferum L.) and some other species of the Papaveraceae family. Plant Protection Science, 35:33-36.
Murphy AM, 1946. Sugar beet and curly top history in southern Utah 1912-1945. American Society of Sugar Beet Technology, Proceedings, 4:408-412.
Panella LW; Ruppel EG, 1997. Registration of sugarbeet germplasms FC721 and FC721CMS resistant to Rhizoctonia root rot and moderately resistant to the beet curly top virus. Crop Science, 37(5):1675-1676; 7 ref.
Rodriguez RA, 1961. Outbreak of curly top in Costa Rica. Plant Disease Reporter, 45:980.
Schneider CL, 1955. Incidence of curly top in sugar beet in Minnesota and Iowa in 1954. Plant Disease Reporter, 39:453-454.
Schneider CL, 1959. Occurrence of curly top in sugar beet in Maryland in 1958. Plant Disease Reporter, 43:681.
Strausbaugh CA; Gillen AM; Gallian JJ; Camp S; Stander JR, 2006. Influence of host resistance and insecticide seed treatments on curly top in sugar beets. Plant Disease, 90(12):1539-1544. HTTP://www.apsnet.org
Thomas PE; Mink GI, 1979. Beet curly top virus. CMI/AAB Descriptions of Plant Viruses No. 210. Wellsbourne, UK: Association of Applied Biologists.
Beardsley JW, 1966. Insects and other terrestrial arthopods from the leeward Hawaiian Islands. In: Hawaiian Entomol. Soc., Proc. 19 157-185.
Bennett CW, Tanrisever A, 1958. Curly top disease in Turkey and its relationship to curly top in North America. In: Journal of American Society of Sugar Beet Technology, 10 189-211.
Blickenstaff C C, Traveller D, 1979. Factors affecting curly top damage to sugarbeets and beans in southern Idaho, 1919-77. In: Agricultural Reviews and Manuals, Science and Education Administration, United States Department of Agriculture, iv + 22 pp.
CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI
CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI
Davis E W, 1927. Notéis on Collections of the Sugar Beet Leaf-hopper showing the Extension of its known Range into British Columbia and to the Coast in Washington and Oregon. Journal of Economic Entomology. 20 (4), 581-586 pp. DOI:10.1093/jee/20.4.581
Doney D L, 1998. Beta evaluation and sugar beet enhancement from wild sources. In: International Crop Network Series [International Beta genetic resources network. A report on the 4th International Beta Genetic Resources Workshop and World Beta Network Conference, Izmir, Turkey, 28 February-3 March 1996.], [ed. by Frese L Panella L, Srivastava H M, Lange W]. 73-76.
Haggestad HE, Moore EL, 1959. Occurrence of curly top on tobacco in Maryland and North Carolina in 1958. In: Plant Disease Reporter, 43 682-684.
HILLS O A , TAYLOR E A, 1954. Effect of Curly Top-infective Beet Leafhoppers on Cantaloup Plants in varying Stages of Development. Journal of Economic Entomology. 47 (1), 44-48 pp. DOI:10.1093/jee/47.1.44
Ikegami M, 1990. Computer analysis between nucleotide and amino acid sequences of mung bean yellow mosaic virus and those of maize streak, wheat dwarf, chloris striate mosaic and beet curly top viruses. Journal of Agricultural Science, Tokyo Nogyo Daigaku. 35 (1), 17-23.
Panella L W, Ruppel E G, 1997. Registration of sugarbeet germplasms FC721 and FC721CMS resistant to Rhizoctonia root rot and moderately resistant to the beet curly top virus. Crop Science. 37 (5), 1675-1676. DOI:10.2135/cropsci1997.0011183X003700050056x
Distribution MapsTop of page
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