Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Brassica rapa subsp. rapa
(turnip)

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Datasheet

Brassica rapa subsp. rapa (turnip)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 15 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Brassica rapa subsp. rapa
  • Preferred Common Name
  • turnip
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Brassica rapa subsp. rapa (turnip); turnip, in hand, at a farmers market. Remscheid Lüttringhausen, North Rhine Westphalia, Germany. September 2012.
TitleTurnip
CaptionBrassica rapa subsp. rapa (turnip); turnip, in hand, at a farmers market. Remscheid Lüttringhausen, North Rhine Westphalia, Germany. September 2012.
Copyright©Frank Vincentz/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Brassica rapa subsp. rapa (turnip); turnip, in hand, at a farmers market. Remscheid Lüttringhausen, North Rhine Westphalia, Germany. September 2012.
TurnipBrassica rapa subsp. rapa (turnip); turnip, in hand, at a farmers market. Remscheid Lüttringhausen, North Rhine Westphalia, Germany. September 2012.©Frank Vincentz/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Brassica rapa subsp. rapa

Preferred Common Name

  • turnip

Other Scientific Names

  • Brassica rapa

International Common Names

  • Spanish: nabo
  • French: navet
  • Portuguese: nabo-ordinario; nabo-peludo; nabo-redondo

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Rübe; Stoppelrübe; Wasserrübe; Weisse Rübe
  • Italy: rapa; rapa coltivata; rapa da forraggio
  • Netherlands: lange raap; stoppelknol
  • Sweden: rova

EPPO code

  • BRSRR (Brassica rapa)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Capparidales
  •                         Family: Brassicaceae
  •                             Genus: Brassica
  •                                 Species: Brassica rapa subsp. rapa

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Agrotis ipsilon (black cutworm); Albugo candida (white rust of crucifers); Alternaria brassicae (dark spot of crucifers); Alternaria brassicicola (dark leaf spot of cabbage); Beet western yellows virus (turnip (mild) yellows); Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas); Colaspis louisianae; Contarinia nasturtii (swede midge); Crocidolomia pavonana (large cabbage-heart caterpillar); Elasmopalpus lignosellus (lesser corn stalk borer); Entomoscelis americana (red turnip beetle); Leptosphaeria maculans (stem canker); Lipaphis erysimi (mustard aphid); Liriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner); Meligethes aeneus (rape beetle); Mythimna separata (paddy armyworm); Orobanche (broomrape); Phyllophaga (white grubs); Phyllotreta cruciferae (crucifer flea beetle); Phyllotreta striolata (cabbage flea beetle); Plutella xylostella (diamondback moth); Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion); Pseudomonas syringae pv. maculicola (bacterial: cabbage leaf spot); Rhizobium radiobacter (crown gall); Rhizobium rhizogenes (gall); Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (cottony soft rot); Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm); Thanatephorus cucumeris (many names, depending on host); Tomato black ring virus (ring spot of beet); Trichodorus (stubby root nematodes); Trichoplusia ni (cabbage looper); Turnip crinkle virus; Turnip mosaic virus (cabbage A virus mosaic); Vicia villosa (hairy vetch); Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (black rot); Xanthomonas campestris pv. raphani (leafspot.)

Minor host of:

Abutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf); Alternaria japonica (pod spot of radish); Broccoli necrotic yellows virus; Cauliflower mosaic virus (cauliflower mosaic); Cirsium arvense (creeping thistle); Hadula trifolii (clover cutworm); Longidorus elongatus (needle nematode); Mamestra configurata (bertha armyworm); Nezara viridula (green stink bug); Pectobacterium atrosepticum (potato blackleg disease); Potato virus X (potato interveinal mosaic); Pseudomonas syringae pv. alisalensis; Theba pisana (white garden snail)

Wild host of:

Ditylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)

Associated with (not a host):

Spiroplasma citri (stubborn disease of citrus)