Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera
(Brussels sprouts)

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Datasheet

Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera (Brussels sprouts)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 20 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera
  • Preferred Common Name
  • Brussels sprouts
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Traditional/folklore
  • Vegetable

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera (Brussels sprouts); field crop growing near Taddington, Gloucester. October 2014.
TitleField crop
CaptionBrassica oleracea var. gemmifera (Brussels sprouts); field crop growing near Taddington, Gloucester. October 2014.
Copyright©Roger Davies/via Geograph - CC BY-SA 2.0
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera (Brussels sprouts); field crop growing near Taddington, Gloucester. October 2014.
Field cropBrassica oleracea var. gemmifera (Brussels sprouts); field crop growing near Taddington, Gloucester. October 2014.©Roger Davies/via Geograph - CC BY-SA 2.0
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera (Brussels sprouts); harvested 'sprouts at point of sale. July 2011.
TitleHarvested 'sprouts
CaptionBrassica oleracea var. gemmifera (Brussels sprouts); harvested 'sprouts at point of sale. July 2011.
Copyright©ThorPorre/via wikipedia - CC BY 3.0
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera (Brussels sprouts); harvested 'sprouts at point of sale. July 2011.
Harvested 'sproutsBrassica oleracea var. gemmifera (Brussels sprouts); harvested 'sprouts at point of sale. July 2011.©ThorPorre/via wikipedia - CC BY 3.0
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera (Brussels sprouts); freshly cut sprouts, on stalk. Eugene Saturday Market, Oregon, USA. November 2013.
TitleFreshly cut sprouts
CaptionBrassica oleracea var. gemmifera (Brussels sprouts); freshly cut sprouts, on stalk. Eugene Saturday Market, Oregon, USA. November 2013.
Copyright©Visitor7/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera (Brussels sprouts); freshly cut sprouts, on stalk. Eugene Saturday Market, Oregon, USA. November 2013.
Freshly cut sproutsBrassica oleracea var. gemmifera (Brussels sprouts); freshly cut sprouts, on stalk. Eugene Saturday Market, Oregon, USA. November 2013.©Visitor7/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera (Brussels sprouts); organic sprouts on stems. Home Farm, Nacton, Suffolk, UK. November 2009.
TitleOrganic sprouts
CaptionBrassica oleracea var. gemmifera (Brussels sprouts); organic sprouts on stems. Home Farm, Nacton, Suffolk, UK. November 2009.
Copyright©Nick Saltmarsh/via flickr - CC BY 2.0
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera (Brussels sprouts); organic sprouts on stems. Home Farm, Nacton, Suffolk, UK. November 2009.
Organic sproutsBrassica oleracea var. gemmifera (Brussels sprouts); organic sprouts on stems. Home Farm, Nacton, Suffolk, UK. November 2009.©Nick Saltmarsh/via flickr - CC BY 2.0
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera (Brussels sprouts); potted seedlings, in a nursery. Cranford, New Jersey, USA. April 2012.
TitlePotted seedlings
CaptionBrassica oleracea var. gemmifera (Brussels sprouts); potted seedlings, in a nursery. Cranford, New Jersey, USA. April 2012.
CopyrightPublic Domain - Released by Tom W. Sulcer/via wikipedia - CC0 1.0
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera (Brussels sprouts); potted seedlings, in a nursery. Cranford, New Jersey, USA. April 2012.
Potted seedlingsBrassica oleracea var. gemmifera (Brussels sprouts); potted seedlings, in a nursery. Cranford, New Jersey, USA. April 2012.Public Domain - Released by Tom W. Sulcer/via wikipedia - CC0 1.0

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera Zenk.

Preferred Common Name

  • Brussels sprouts

Other Scientific Names

  • Brassica oleracea Group Gemmifera
  • Brassica oleracea var. oleracea var. gemmifera DC.

International Common Names

  • Spanish: col de Bruselas
  • French: chou de Bruxelles
  • Chinese: bao zi gan lan

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Rosen- Kohl; Rosenkohl
  • Italy: cavolo di Bruxelles
  • Japan: me kiyabetsu
  • Netherlands: spruitkool
  • Sweden: brysselkaal; rosenkaal

EPPO code

  • BRSOF (Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Capparidales
  •                         Family: Brassicaceae
  •                             Genus: Brassica
  •                                 Species: Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Albugo candida (white rust of crucifers); Aleyrodes proletella (cabbage whitefly); Alternaria brassicae (dark spot of crucifers); Autographa gamma (silver-Y moth); Beet western yellows virus (turnip (mild) yellows); Bemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly); Brevicoryne brassicae (cabbage aphid); Broccoli necrotic yellows virus; Cauliflower mosaic virus (cauliflower mosaic); Cercospora brassicicola; Chamomilla recutita (common chamomile); Contarinia nasturtii (swede midge); Delia radicum (cabbage root fly); Erysiphe cruciferarum (powdery mildew of crucifers); Evergestis rimosalis (cross-striped cabbageworm); Hellula undalis (cabbage webworm); Hyaloperonospora parasitica (downy mildew); Leptosphaeria maculans (stem canker); Listroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil); Mamestra brassicae (cabbage moth); Murgantia histrionica (harlequin bug); Mycosphaerella brassicicola (cabbage ring-spot); Nacobbus aberrans (false root-knot nematode); Phyllotreta cruciferae (crucifer flea beetle); Phytophthora megasperma (root rot); Pieris brassicae (large cabbage white); Pieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly); Plasmodiophora brassicae (club root); Plutella xylostella (diamondback moth); Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion); Pseudomonas syringae pv. maculicola (bacterial: cabbage leaf spot); Pyrenopeziza brassicae (light leaf spot); Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (cottony soft rot); Senecio vulgaris; Spodoptera exigua (beet armyworm); Thanatephorus cucumeris (many names, depending on host); Trichoplusia ni (cabbage looper); Turnip mosaic virus (cabbage A virus mosaic); Xanthomonas campestris (black rot of crucifers); Xanthomonas campestris pv. armoraciae (Xanthomonas leaf spot); Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (black rot); Xanthomonas campestris pv. raphani (leafspot.)

Minor host of:

Alternaria japonica (pod spot of radish); Arion hortensis (garden slug); Ceutorhynchus napi (cabbage stem weevil); Ceutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil); Clepsis spectrana (oblique-banded caterpillar); Crocidolomia pavonana (large cabbage-heart caterpillar); Deroceras reticulatum (grey field slug); Estigmene acraea (salt marsh caterpillar); Evergestis forficalis (crucifer, caterpillar); Helicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm); Heterodera cruciferae; Lacanobia oleracea (bright-line brown-eye moth); Longidorus elongatus (needle nematode); Mythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm); Pectobacterium atrosepticum (potato blackleg disease); Penicillium digitatum (green mould); Penicillium expansum (blue mould of stored apple); Phyllotreta atra (cabbage flea beetle); Phyllotreta nemorum (striped flea beetle); Polygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed); Pseudomonas viridiflava (bacterial leaf blight of tomato (USA)); Theba pisana (white garden snail); Thrips tabaci (onion thrips); Verticillium albo-atrum (verticillium wilt of lucerne); Verticillium dahliae (verticillium wilt); Xestia c-nigrum (spotted cutworm)

Uses List

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Human food and beverage

  • Vegetable

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Traditional/folklore