Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Brassica oleracea var. botrytis
(cauliflower)

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Datasheet

Brassica oleracea var. botrytis (cauliflower)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 28 November 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Brassica oleracea var. botrytis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • cauliflower
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Fodder/animal feed
  • Traditional/folklore
  • Vegetable

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis (cauliflower); sprouting cauliflower plant ready for harvest.
TitlePlant ready for harvest
CaptionBrassica oleracea var. botrytis (cauliflower); sprouting cauliflower plant ready for harvest.
Copyright©Gregory E. Welbaum
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis (cauliflower); sprouting cauliflower plant ready for harvest.
Plant ready for harvestBrassica oleracea var. botrytis (cauliflower); sprouting cauliflower plant ready for harvest.©Gregory E. Welbaum
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis (cauliflower); cauliflower head.
TitleCauliflower head
CaptionBrassica oleracea var. botrytis (cauliflower); cauliflower head.
Copyright©Oregon State University, Dept of Nutrition & Food Management
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis (cauliflower); cauliflower head.
Cauliflower headBrassica oleracea var. botrytis (cauliflower); cauliflower head.©Oregon State University, Dept of Nutrition & Food Management
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis (cauliflower); field-packed and boxed cauliflower ready for vacuum cooling.
TitlePacked cauliflowers
CaptionBrassica oleracea var. botrytis (cauliflower); field-packed and boxed cauliflower ready for vacuum cooling.
Copyright©Gregory E. Welbaum
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis (cauliflower); field-packed and boxed cauliflower ready for vacuum cooling.
Packed cauliflowersBrassica oleracea var. botrytis (cauliflower); field-packed and boxed cauliflower ready for vacuum cooling. ©Gregory E. Welbaum

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Brassica oleracea var. botrytis

Preferred Common Name

  • cauliflower

International Common Names

  • English: broccoli (heading -; winter -); heading broccoli; winter broccoli; winter cauliflower
  • Spanish: coliflor
  • French: chou fleur
  • Chinese: hua ye cai

Local Common Names

  • Germany: blumenkohl
  • Japan: karifurawa

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Capparidales
  •                         Family: Brassicaceae
  •                             Genus: Brassica
  •                                 Species: Brassica oleracea var. botrytis

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Achatina fulica (giant African land snail); Agrotis segetum (turnip moth); Albugo candida (white rust of crucifers); Alternaria brassicae (dark spot of crucifers); Beet western yellows virus (turnip (mild) yellows); Bemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly); Bemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly); Bemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly); Brevicoryne brassicae (cabbage aphid); Broccoli necrotic yellows virus; Cabbage leaf curl virus; Cauliflower mosaic virus (cauliflower mosaic); Cercospora brassicicola; Chamomilla recutita (common chamomile); Chenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot); Choanephora cucurbitarum (Choanephora fruit rot); Contarinia nasturtii (swede midge); Crocidolomia pavonana (large cabbage-heart caterpillar); Echinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass); Fusarium oxysporum (basal rot); Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. conglutinans (cabbage fusarium wilt); Galinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier); Gibberella avenacea (Fusarium blight); Hellula undalis (cabbage webworm); Hoplolaimus seinhorsti (lance nematode); Hyaloperonospora parasitica (downy mildew); Leptosphaeria maculans (stem canker); Listroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil); Lolium temulentum (darnel); Lygus lineolaris (tarnished plant bug); Macrophomina phaseolina (charcoal rot of bean/tobacco); Mamestra brassicae (cabbage moth); Murgantia histrionica (harlequin bug); Mycosphaerella brassicicola (cabbage ring-spot); Orobanche (broomrape); Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum (bacterial root rot of sweet potato); Phyllotreta (flea beetles); Phyllotreta atra (cabbage flea beetle); Phyllotreta cruciferae (crucifer flea beetle); Phyllotreta nemorum (striped flea beetle); Phytophthora cryptogea (tomato foot rot); Phytophthora megasperma (root rot); Pieris brassicae (large cabbage white); Pieris napi (green-veined white butterfly); Pieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly); Plasmodiophora brassicae (club root); Plutella xylostella (diamondback moth); Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion); Pseudomonas marginalis pv. marginalis (lettuce marginal leaf blight); Pseudomonas syringae pv. maculicola (bacterial: cabbage leaf spot); Pythium aphanidermatum (damping-off); Rhodococcus fascians (fasciation: leafy gall); Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (cottony soft rot); Senecio vulgaris; Spodoptera exigua (beet armyworm); Spodoptera litura (taro caterpillar); Thanatephorus cucumeris (many names, depending on host); Thrips flavus (honeysuckle thrips); Trichodorus (stubby root nematodes); Trichoplusia ni (cabbage looper); Turnip mosaic virus (cabbage A virus mosaic); Verticillium albo-atrum (verticillium wilt of lucerne); Xanthomonas campestris (black rot of crucifers); Xanthomonas campestris pv. aberrans (leafspot of cauliflower.); Xanthomonas campestris pv. armoraciae (Xanthomonas leaf spot); Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (black rot); Xanthomonas campestris pv. raphani (leafspot.)

Minor host of:

Aleyrodes proletella (cabbage whitefly); Alternaria japonica (pod spot of radish); Alternaria tenuissima (nailhead spot of tomato); Aspergillus niger (black mould of onion); Autographa gamma (silver-Y moth); Bagrada hilaris (painted bug); Belonolaimus longicaudatus (sting nematode); Ceutorhynchus napi (cabbage stem weevil); Ceutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil); Ceutorhynchus pleurostigma (turnip gall weevil); Chaetocnema indica; Chrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth); Cirsium arvense (creeping thistle); Clepsis spectrana (oblique-banded caterpillar); Cordana musae (Cordana leaf spot); Delia florilega (turnip maggot); Delia platura (bean seed fly); Estigmene acraea (salt marsh caterpillar); Eurydema ventralis (cabbage bug); Evergestis rimosalis (cross-striped cabbageworm); Haematonectria haematococca (dry rot of potato); Helicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm); Heterodera cruciferae; Hoplolaimus indicus (lance nematode); Lacanobia oleracea (bright-line brown-eye moth); Liriomyza (leaf miners); Meligethes aeneus (rape beetle); Meligethes viridescens; Mythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm); Ochropleura flammatra (Indian cutworm); Pectobacterium atrosepticum (potato blackleg disease); Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. odoriferum; Phytoplasma brasiliense; Planococcus lilacinus (cacao mealybug); Polygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed); Pseudocercosporella capsellae; Pseudocochliobolus verruculosus (post-harvest rot); Pseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive); Pseudomonas syringae pv. alisalensis; Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato (bacterial speck); Pseudomonas viridiflava (bacterial leaf blight of tomato (USA)); Rattus rattus (black rat); Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominalis (rice root aphid); Sclerotinia minor (sclerotinia disease of lettuce); Spilarctia obliqua (common hairy caterpillar); Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm); Theba pisana (white garden snail); Thrips tabaci (onion thrips); Verticillium dahliae (verticillium wilt); Xestia c-nigrum (spotted cutworm)

Associated with (not a host):

Bacillus subtilis; Khuskia oryzae (cob rot of maize); Psila rosae (carrot root fly); Pythium oligandrum (mycoparasite of Pythium spp.); Trichoderma harzianum (hyperparasite of Rhizoctonia solani)

Uses List

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Animal feed, fodder, forage

  • Fodder/animal feed

Human food and beverage

  • Vegetable

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Traditional/folklore