Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Brassica oleracea
(cabbages, cauliflowers)

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Datasheet

Brassica oleracea (cabbages, cauliflowers)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 20 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Brassica oleracea
  • Preferred Common Name
  • cabbages, cauliflowers
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Fodder/animal feed
  • Vegetable

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Mature Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var.) grown as field crop.
TitleMature Cabbage
CaptionMature Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var.) grown as field crop.
Copyright©AgrEvo
Mature Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var.) grown as field crop.
Mature CabbageMature Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var.) grown as field crop.©AgrEvo
Mature Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var.) in field crop.
TitleMature cabbage
CaptionMature Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var.) in field crop.
Copyright©AgrEvo
Mature Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var.) in field crop.
Mature cabbageMature Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var.) in field crop.©AgrEvo

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Brassica oleracea L.

Preferred Common Name

  • cabbages, cauliflowers

International Common Names

  • English: kale
  • Spanish: col
  • French: choux
  • Arabic: koronob; koronob bruksel; qinnabît
  • Portuguese: couve

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Kohl, Wild-; Wildkohl
  • Netherlands: kool
  • Sweden: kaal

EPPO code

  • BRSOX (Brassica oleracea)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Capparidales
  •                         Family: Brassicaceae
  •                             Genus: Brassica
  •                                 Species: Brassica oleracea

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Agrotis ipsilon (black cutworm); Agrotis segetum (turnip moth); Aleyrodes proletella (cabbage whitefly); Alternaria brassicae (dark spot of crucifers); Alternaria brassicicola (dark leaf spot of cabbage); Alternaria japonica (pod spot of radish); Amaranthus palmeri (Palmer amaranth); Atherigona orientalis (pepper fruit fly); Bagrada hilaris (painted bug); Beet western yellows virus (turnip (mild) yellows); Brevicoryne brassicae (cabbage aphid); Broccoli necrotic yellows virus; Candidatus Phytoplasma trifolii (clover proliferation phytoplasma); Chrysodeixis eriosoma (green looper caterpillar); Delia radicum (cabbage root fly); Deroceras invadens (tramp slug); Dickeya chrysanthemi (bacterial wilt of chrysanthemum and other ornamentals); Digitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass); Forficula auricularia (European earwig); Galinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier); Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); Heterodera schachtii (beet cyst eelworm); Hyaloperonospora parasitica (downy mildew); Leptosphaeria biglobosa; Leptosphaeria maculans (stem canker); Lipaphis erysimi (mustard aphid); Liriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner); Listroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil); Lolium temulentum (darnel); Loxostege sticticalis (beet webworm); Mamestra brassicae (cabbage moth); Nacobbus aberrans (false root-knot nematode); Olpidium brassicae (Olpidium seedling blight); Peridroma saucia (pearly underwing moth); Phyllophaga (white grubs); Phytophthora brassicae; Phytophthora megasperma (root rot); Pieris brassicae (large cabbage white); Pieris napi (green-veined white butterfly); Pieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly); Plasmodiophora brassicae (club root); Plutella xylostella (diamondback moth); Poa annua (annual meadowgrass); Polygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed); Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion); Pseudomonas marginalis pv. marginalis (lettuce marginal leaf blight); Psylliodes chrysocephala (cabbage stem flea beetle); Psylliodes chrysocephala (cabbage stem flea beetle); Radish mosaic virus; Rhizobium radiobacter (crown gall); Rhizobium rhizogenes (gall); Schistocerca gregaria (desert locust); Setaria viridis (green foxtail); Spodoptera eridania (southern armyworm); Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm); Spodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm); Thysanoplusia orichalcea (slender burnished brass moth); Trichoplusia ni (cabbage looper); Urtica urens (annual nettle); Veronicella cubensis (Cuban slug); Xanthomonas campestris pv. raphani (leafspot.)

Minor host of:

Acalymma vittatum (striped cucumber beetle); Anagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel); Belonolaimus longicaudatus (sting nematode); Berkeleyomyces basicola (black root rot); Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas); Candidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma); Cenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur); Chrysodeixis includens (soybean looper); Cirsium arvense (creeping thistle); Dasineura brassicae (brassica pod midge); Dickeya dadantii (bacterial wilt and soft rot of ornamentals and potato); Emex australis (Doublegee); Epitrix hirtipennis (tobacco flea beetle); Epitrix pubescens; Epitrix tuberis (tuber flea beetle); Fumaria officinalis (common fumitory); Halyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug); Helicoverpa zea (bollworm); Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); Mamestra configurata (bertha armyworm); Meligethes aeneus (rape beetle); Meloidogyne ethiopica (Root-knot nematode); Pectobacterium brasiliense (soft rot and blackleg of ornamentals and potato); Phenacoccus solani; Pieris canidia (small cabbage butterfly); Pratylenchus thornei; Pythium brassicum; Rhodococcus fascians (fasciation: leafy gall); Rosellinia necatrix (dematophora root rot); Rotylenchulus reniformis (reniform nematode); Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (cottony soft rot); Scutellonema clathricaudatum; Verticillium dahliae (verticillium wilt); Xestia c-nigrum (spotted cutworm)

Wild host of:

Xiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)

Associated with (not a host):

Pseudomonas fluorescens (pink eye: potato); Spiroplasma citri (stubborn disease of citrus); Theba pisana (white garden snail)

Host of (source - data mining):

Adoretus sinicus (Chinese rose beetle); Alternaria alternata (alternaria leaf spot); Alternaria solani (early blight of potato and tomato); Aphis gossypii (cotton aphid); Ascia monuste orseis; Autographa gamma (silver-Y moth); Barypeithes pellucidus (juniper root weevil); Bemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly); Bemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly); Bemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly); Botrytis cinerea (damping-off); Cauliflower mosaic virus (cauliflower mosaic); Choanephora cucurbitarum (Choanephora fruit rot); Chromatomyia horticola (pea leaf miner); Chrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth); Clitostethus arcuatus; Contarinia nasturtii (swede midge); Copitarsia turbata; Crocidolomia pavonana (large cabbage-heart caterpillar); Diabrotica speciosa (cucurbit beetle); Evergestis forficalis (crucifer, caterpillar); Ferrisia virgata (striped mealybug); Fusarium oxysporum (basal rot); Globodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode); Helicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm); Hellula rogatalis (cabbage, webworm); Heterodera cruciferae; Heterodera mediterranea; Hibiscus trionum (Venice mallow); Hoplolaimus indicus (lance nematode); Liriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer); Meloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode); Myrothecium roridum (blight: eggplant); Myzus ascalonicus (shallot aphid); Myzus persicae (green peach aphid); Pemphigus populitransversus (poplar petiolegall aphid); Phaedon cochleariae (beetle, mustard); Phyllotreta (flea beetles); Phyllotreta striolata (cabbage flea beetle); Phytophthora porri (white tip of leek); Planococcus lilacinus (cacao mealybug); Pratylenchus (root lesion nematode); Pratylenchus neglectus (nematode, California meadow); Pseudomonas marginalis (kansas lettuce disease); Pseudomonas syringae pv. maculicola (bacterial: cabbage leaf spot); Pyrenopeziza brassicae (light leaf spot); Ralstonia solanacearum race 3 (brown rot of potato); Sarasinula plebeia; Spodoptera litura (taro caterpillar); Tetranychus turkestani (strawberry, spider mite); Tetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite); Thanatephorus cucumeris (many names, depending on host); Thrips angusticeps (field thrips); Thrips nigropilosus (chrysanthemum thrips); Thrips obscuratus (new Zealand flower thrips); Tiracola plagiata (plague caterpillar); Verticillium longisporum; Xanthomonas campestris (black rot of crucifers); Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (black rot)

Uses List

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Animal feed, fodder, forage

  • Fodder/animal feed

Human food and beverage

  • Vegetable