Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Brassica juncea var. juncea
(Indian mustard)

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Datasheet

Brassica juncea var. juncea (Indian mustard)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 15 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Brassica juncea var. juncea
  • Preferred Common Name
  • Indian mustard
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Oil/fat
  • Poisonous to mammals
  • Soil improvement
  • Spices and culinary herbs
  • Vegetable

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Brassica juncea var. juncea (Indian mustard); habit, showing foliage and flowers. India. May 2009.
TitleHabit
CaptionBrassica juncea var. juncea (Indian mustard); habit, showing foliage and flowers. India. May 2009.
Copyright©Dalgial/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Brassica juncea var. juncea (Indian mustard); habit, showing foliage and flowers. India. May 2009.
HabitBrassica juncea var. juncea (Indian mustard); habit, showing foliage and flowers. India. May 2009.©Dalgial/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Brassica juncea var. juncea

Preferred Common Name

  • Indian mustard

Other Scientific Names

  • Brassica integrifolia (H. West) Rupr.
  • Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.
  • Brassica rugosa (Roxb.) L.H. Bailey

International Common Names

  • English: Brown mustard; Oriental mustard
  • Spanish: mostaza india
  • French: moutarde brune; moutarde de Sarepta; moutarde jonciforme
  • Portuguese: mostarda-da-India

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Sareptasenf
  • Italy: cavolo giuncoso; senape indiana
  • Japan: seiyokarashina
  • Netherlands: sareptamosterd
  • Sweden: sareptasenap

EPPO code

  • BRSJU (Brassica juncea)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Capparidales
  •                         Family: Brassicaceae
  •                             Genus: Brassica
  •                                 Species: Brassica juncea var. juncea

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Agrotis segetum (turnip moth); Albugo candida (white rust of crucifers); Alternaria brassicae (dark spot of crucifers); Alternaria brassicicola (dark leaf spot of cabbage); Athalia rosae (cabbage leaf sawfly); Boerhavia diffusa (red spiderling); Brevicoryne brassicae (cabbage aphid); Chenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot); Cucumber mosaic virus (cucumber mosaic); Echinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass); Heterodera schachtii (beet cyst eelworm); Hyaloperonospora parasitica (downy mildew); Leptosphaeria maculans (stem canker); Lipaphis erysimi (mustard aphid); Liriomyza bryoniae (tomato leaf miner); Loxostege sticticalis (beet webworm); Meligethes aeneus (rape beetle); Melilotus indica (Indian sweetclover); Phyllotreta chotanica (striped flea beetle); Phyllotreta cruciferae (crucifer flea beetle); Pieris brassicae (large cabbage white); Plutella xylostella (diamondback moth); Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion); Pseudomonas syringae pv. maculicola (bacterial: cabbage leaf spot); Pythium aphanidermatum (damping-off); Trichoplusia ni (cabbage looper); Turnip mosaic virus (cabbage A virus mosaic); Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (black rot)

Minor host of:

Anagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel); Asphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed); Ceutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil); Cirsium arvense (creeping thistle); Cochliobolus sativus (root and foot rot); Dasineura brassicae (brassica pod midge); Diaphania indica (cucumber moth); Mamestra configurata (bertha armyworm); Paspalum distichum (knotgrass); Phalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass); Phyllotreta striolata (cabbage flea beetle); Pyrenopeziza brassicae (light leaf spot); Thrips hawaiiensis (Hawaiian flower thrips)

Associated with (not a host):

Hypocrea rufa (green mould of narcissus); Trichoderma harzianum (hyperparasite of Rhizoctonia solani)

Host of (source - data mining):

Alternaria alternata (alternaria leaf spot); Athalia lugens; Cercospora brassicicola; Circulifer tenellus (beet leafhopper); Fusarium oxysporum (basal rot); Gibberella pulicaris (basal canker of hop); Lygus borealis; Lygus elisus (lucerne plant bug); Monolepta signata; Phyllotreta undulata (flea beetlle, lesser striped)

Uses List

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Environmental

  • Soil improvement

Human food and beverage

  • Oil/fat
  • Spices and culinary herbs
  • Vegetable

Materials

  • Poisonous to mammals

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Traditional/folklore