Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Bromus inermis
(Awnless brome)

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Datasheet

Bromus inermis (Awnless brome)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 17 November 2021
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Pest
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Bromus inermis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • Awnless brome
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Monocotyledonae
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Bromus inermis

Preferred Common Name

  • Awnless brome

International Common Names

  • English: Hungarian brome(grass); smooth brome(grass)
  • Spanish: Bromo inerme
  • French: Brome inerme
  • Portuguese: capim-cevadinha

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Anger- Trespe; Unbegrannte Trespe; Wehrlose Trespe
  • Italy: Bromo ungherese; Forasacco inerme
  • Japan: Kosuzumenochahiki
  • Netherlands: Kweekdravik
  • Sweden: Foderlosta

EPPO code

  • BROIN (Bromus inermis)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Monocotyledonae
  •                     Order: Cyperales
  •                         Family: Poaceae
  •                             Genus: Bromus
  •                                 Species: Bromus inermis

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Feb 2022
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

EgyptPresentIntroduced1991

Asia

BhutanPresentIntroduced1978
North KoreaPresentIntroduced2001
South KoreaPresentIntroduced1978

Europe

BelgiumPresentIntroduced1823
BulgariaPresent
EstoniaPresentIntroduced1805As: Bromopsis inermis
FinlandPresentIntroduced1883As: Bromopsis inermis
France
-CorsicaAbsent, Formerly present1982
HungaryPresent
IcelandPresentIntroduced1944
NorwayPresentIntroduced1800As: Bromopsis inermis
PolandPresent
RomaniaPresent
RussiaPresent
-SiberiaPresent
Union of Soviet Socialist RepublicsPresent
United KingdomPresentIntroduced1890As: Bromopsis inermis

North America

CanadaPresentIntroduced1875
-AlbertaPresent
-ManitobaPresent
-OntarioPresent
-SaskatchewanPresent
United StatesPresent
-AlaskaPresentIntroducedFirst reported: before 1968
-ColoradoPresent
-IndianaPresent
-IowaPresent
-MinnesotaPresent
-MontanaPresent
-NebraskaPresent
-North DakotaPresent
-PennsylvaniaPresent
-South DakotaPresent
-WyomingPresent

Oceania

AustraliaPresentIntroduced1905

Habitat List

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CategorySub-CategoryHabitatPresenceStatus
Terrestrial

Host Plants and Other Plants Affected

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Plant nameFamilyContextReferences
Triticum aestivum (wheat)PoaceaeUnknown

Threatened Species

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Threatened SpeciesConservation StatusWhere ThreatenedMechanismReferencesNotes
Ipomopsis sancti-spiritus (Holy Ghost skyrocket)NatureServe; USA ESA listing as endangered speciesNew MexicoCompetition - monopolizing resourcesNatureServe (2010)

Risk and Impact Factors

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Impact mechanisms
  • Competition - monopolizing resources

Uses List

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Animal feed, fodder, forage

  • Fodder/animal feed
  • Forage

General

  • Ornamental

References

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Ito, D., Miller, Z., Menalled, F., Moffet, M., Burrows, M., 2012. Relative susceptibility among alternative host species prevalent in the Great Plains to Wheat streak mosaic virus. Plant Disease, 96(8), 1185-1192. doi: 10.1094/PDIS-09-11-0746-RE

NatureServe, 2010. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. Arlington, Virginia, USA: http://www.natureserve.org/explorer

Distribution References

CABI Data Mining, Undated. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Ito D, Miller Z, Menalled F, Moffet M, Burrows M, 2012. Relative susceptibility among alternative host species prevalent in the Great Plains to Wheat streak mosaic virus. Plant Disease. 96 (8), 1185-1192. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-09-11-0746-RE

Manole T, Chireceanu C, Teodoru A, 2017. Current status of Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte, 1868 (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in Romania. Acta Zoologica Bulgarica. 143-148. http://www.acta-zoologica-bulgarica.eu/downloads/acta-zoologica-bulgarica/2017/supplement-9-143-148.pdf

Seebens H, Blackburn T M, Dyer E E, Genovesi P, Hulme P E, Jeschke J M, Pagad S, Pyšek P, Winter M, Arianoutsou M, Bacher S, Blasius B, Brundu G, Capinha C, Celesti-Grapow L, Dawson W, Dullinger S, Fuentes N, Jäger H, Kartesz J, Kenis M, Kreft H, Kühn I, Lenzner B, Liebhold A, Mosena A (et al), 2017. No saturation in the accumulation of alien species worldwide. Nature Communications. 8 (2), 14435. http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms14435

Distribution Maps

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