Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Bromus
(bromegrasses)

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Datasheet

Bromus (bromegrasses)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 15 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Bromus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • bromegrasses
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Monocotyledonae
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Bromus hordeaceus (soft chess); single plant. Old Kula Hwy, Maui. April 18, 2003
TitleSingle plant
CaptionBromus hordeaceus (soft chess); single plant. Old Kula Hwy, Maui. April 18, 2003
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Bromus hordeaceus (soft chess); single plant. Old Kula Hwy, Maui. April 18, 2003
Single plantBromus hordeaceus (soft chess); single plant. Old Kula Hwy, Maui. April 18, 2003©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Bromus madritensis (compact or foxtail brome); flowers. Emigrant gap, I-80, California, USA.
TitleFlowers
CaptionBromus madritensis (compact or foxtail brome); flowers. Emigrant gap, I-80, California, USA.
Copyright© Barry Rice/Sarracenia.com/Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Bromus madritensis (compact or foxtail brome); flowers. Emigrant gap, I-80, California, USA.
FlowersBromus madritensis (compact or foxtail brome); flowers. Emigrant gap, I-80, California, USA.© Barry Rice/Sarracenia.com/Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Bromus diandrus (great brome); ripening seedheads. Lower Kula Rd Kula, Maui, Hawaii, USA. April, 2009.
TitleRipening seedheads
CaptionBromus diandrus (great brome); ripening seedheads. Lower Kula Rd Kula, Maui, Hawaii, USA. April, 2009.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Bromus diandrus (great brome); ripening seedheads. Lower Kula Rd Kula, Maui, Hawaii, USA. April, 2009.
Ripening seedheadsBromus diandrus (great brome); ripening seedheads. Lower Kula Rd Kula, Maui, Hawaii, USA. April, 2009.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Bromus tectorum (downy brome, cheatgrass); habit. Sliding Sands Haleakala National Park, Maui, Hawaii, USA. October 2007.
TitleHabit
CaptionBromus tectorum (downy brome, cheatgrass); habit. Sliding Sands Haleakala National Park, Maui, Hawaii, USA. October 2007.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Bromus tectorum (downy brome, cheatgrass); habit. Sliding Sands Haleakala National Park, Maui, Hawaii, USA. October 2007.
HabitBromus tectorum (downy brome, cheatgrass); habit. Sliding Sands Haleakala National Park, Maui, Hawaii, USA. October 2007.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Bromus japonicus (Japanese brome); habit. Valley, Montana, USA. June 2016.
TitleHabit
CaptionBromus japonicus (Japanese brome); habit. Valley, Montana, USA. June 2016.
Copyright©Prof Matt Lavin-2016/Bozeman, Montana, USA - CC BY-SA 2.0
Bromus japonicus (Japanese brome); habit. Valley, Montana, USA. June 2016.
HabitBromus japonicus (Japanese brome); habit. Valley, Montana, USA. June 2016.©Prof Matt Lavin-2016/Bozeman, Montana, USA - CC BY-SA 2.0
Bromus secalinus (rye brome); habit, showing seedheads.
TitleSeedheads
CaptionBromus secalinus (rye brome); habit, showing seedheads.
Copyright©Kurt Stüber/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Bromus secalinus (rye brome); habit, showing seedheads.
SeedheadsBromus secalinus (rye brome); habit, showing seedheads.©Kurt Stüber/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Bromus hordeaceus (soft chess); seedheads. Kula, Maui. June 28, 2011
TitleSeedheads
CaptionBromus hordeaceus (soft chess); seedheads. Kula, Maui. June 28, 2011
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Bromus hordeaceus (soft chess); seedheads. Kula, Maui. June 28, 2011
SeedheadsBromus hordeaceus (soft chess); seedheads. Kula, Maui. June 28, 2011©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Bromus diandrus (great brome); ripening seedheads. Kula, Maui, Hawaii, USA. June, 2011.
TitleRipening seedheads
CaptionBromus diandrus (great brome); ripening seedheads. Kula, Maui, Hawaii, USA. June, 2011.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Bromus diandrus (great brome); ripening seedheads. Kula, Maui, Hawaii, USA. June, 2011.
Ripening seedheadsBromus diandrus (great brome); ripening seedheads. Kula, Maui, Hawaii, USA. June, 2011.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Bromus japonicus (Japanese brome); habit. Individual panicle branches, although diffuse, often bear one to few spikelets each. Bozeman, Montana, USA. June 2007.
TitleHabit
CaptionBromus japonicus (Japanese brome); habit. Individual panicle branches, although diffuse, often bear one to few spikelets each. Bozeman, Montana, USA. June 2007.
Copyright©Prof Matt Lavin-2007/Bozeman, Montana, USA - CC BY-SA 2.0
Bromus japonicus (Japanese brome); habit. Individual panicle branches, although diffuse, often bear one to few spikelets each. Bozeman, Montana, USA. June 2007.
HabitBromus japonicus (Japanese brome); habit. Individual panicle branches, although diffuse, often bear one to few spikelets each. Bozeman, Montana, USA. June 2007.©Prof Matt Lavin-2007/Bozeman, Montana, USA - CC BY-SA 2.0
Bromus secalinus (rye brome); seeds. Note mm scale.
TitleSeeds
CaptionBromus secalinus (rye brome); seeds. Note mm scale.
Copyright©Bruce Ackley/The Ohio State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Bromus secalinus (rye brome); seeds. Note mm scale.
SeedsBromus secalinus (rye brome); seeds. Note mm scale.©Bruce Ackley/The Ohio State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Bromus diandrus (great brome); seeding habit. Kula, Maui, Hawaii, USA. May, 2011.
TitleSeeding habit
CaptionBromus diandrus (great brome); seeding habit. Kula, Maui, Hawaii, USA. May, 2011.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Bromus diandrus (great brome); seeding habit. Kula, Maui, Hawaii, USA. May, 2011.
Seeding habitBromus diandrus (great brome); seeding habit. Kula, Maui, Hawaii, USA. May, 2011.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Bromus japonicus (Japanese brome); close view of spikelets. ca.10km north of the Idaho National Labarotory. Idaho, USA. June 2010.
TitleSpikelets
CaptionBromus japonicus (Japanese brome); close view of spikelets. ca.10km north of the Idaho National Labarotory. Idaho, USA. June 2010.
Copyright©Prof Matt Lavin-2010/Bozeman, Montana, USA - CC BY-SA 2.0
Bromus japonicus (Japanese brome); close view of spikelets. ca.10km north of the Idaho National Labarotory. Idaho, USA. June 2010.
SpikeletsBromus japonicus (Japanese brome); close view of spikelets. ca.10km north of the Idaho National Labarotory. Idaho, USA. June 2010.©Prof Matt Lavin-2010/Bozeman, Montana, USA - CC BY-SA 2.0
Bromus diandrus (grerat brome); ventral view of the sharply pointed base of the floret. Fort Collins, Colorado, USA.
TitleFloret
CaptionBromus diandrus (grerat brome); ventral view of the sharply pointed base of the floret. Fort Collins, Colorado, USA.
Copyright©D. Walters & C. Southwick/USDA/Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Bromus diandrus (grerat brome); ventral view of the sharply pointed base of the floret. Fort Collins, Colorado, USA.
FloretBromus diandrus (grerat brome); ventral view of the sharply pointed base of the floret. Fort Collins, Colorado, USA.©D. Walters & C. Southwick/USDA/Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Bromus japonicus (Japanese brome); close-up of single spikelet. Spikelets comprise lemmas, with rounded backs (in cross section) and an awn that typically remains straight, or not curved outward, in a pronounced or distinctive manner. Bozeman, Montana, USA. June 2007.
TitleSpikelet
CaptionBromus japonicus (Japanese brome); close-up of single spikelet. Spikelets comprise lemmas, with rounded backs (in cross section) and an awn that typically remains straight, or not curved outward, in a pronounced or distinctive manner. Bozeman, Montana, USA. June 2007.
Copyright©Prof Matt Lavin-2007/Bozeman, Montana, USA - CC BY-SA 2.0
Bromus japonicus (Japanese brome); close-up of single spikelet. Spikelets comprise lemmas, with rounded backs (in cross section) and an awn that typically remains straight, or not curved outward, in a pronounced or distinctive manner. Bozeman, Montana, USA. June 2007.
SpikeletBromus japonicus (Japanese brome); close-up of single spikelet. Spikelets comprise lemmas, with rounded backs (in cross section) and an awn that typically remains straight, or not curved outward, in a pronounced or distinctive manner. Bozeman, Montana, USA. June 2007.©Prof Matt Lavin-2007/Bozeman, Montana, USA - CC BY-SA 2.0
Bromus japonicus (Japanese brome); habit. Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument, along the West Fork of the Gila River, New Mexico, USA. May 2014.
TitleHabit
CaptionBromus japonicus (Japanese brome); habit. Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument, along the West Fork of the Gila River, New Mexico, USA. May 2014.
Copyright©Russ Kleinman, Bill Norris & Richard Felge/Vascular Plants of the Gila Wilderness/http://www.gilaflora.com/www.wnmu.edu
Bromus japonicus (Japanese brome); habit. Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument, along the West Fork of the Gila River, New Mexico, USA. May 2014.
HabitBromus japonicus (Japanese brome); habit. Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument, along the West Fork of the Gila River, New Mexico, USA. May 2014.©Russ Kleinman, Bill Norris & Richard Felge/Vascular Plants of the Gila Wilderness/http://www.gilaflora.com/www.wnmu.edu
Bromus japonicus (Japanese brome); habit, showing base of plant. Note the densely pubescent leaves and stems. Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument, along the West Fork of the Gila River, New Mexico, USA. May 2014.
TitleHabit
CaptionBromus japonicus (Japanese brome); habit, showing base of plant. Note the densely pubescent leaves and stems. Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument, along the West Fork of the Gila River, New Mexico, USA. May 2014.
Copyright©Russ Kleinman, Bill Norris & Richard Felge/Vascular Plants of the Gila Wilderness/http://www.gilaflora.com/www.wnmu.edu
Bromus japonicus (Japanese brome); habit, showing base of plant. Note the densely pubescent leaves and stems. Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument, along the West Fork of the Gila River, New Mexico, USA. May 2014.
HabitBromus japonicus (Japanese brome); habit, showing base of plant. Note the densely pubescent leaves and stems. Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument, along the West Fork of the Gila River, New Mexico, USA. May 2014.©Russ Kleinman, Bill Norris & Richard Felge/Vascular Plants of the Gila Wilderness/http://www.gilaflora.com/www.wnmu.edu
Bromus japonicus (Japanese brome); densely pubescent leaf and stem. Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument, along the West Fork of the Gila River, New Mexico, USA. May 2014.
TitleLeaf and stem
CaptionBromus japonicus (Japanese brome); densely pubescent leaf and stem. Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument, along the West Fork of the Gila River, New Mexico, USA. May 2014.
Copyright©Russ Kleinman, Bill Norris & Richard Felge/Vascular Plants of the Gila Wilderness/http://www.gilaflora.com/www.wnmu.edu
Bromus japonicus (Japanese brome); densely pubescent leaf and stem. Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument, along the West Fork of the Gila River, New Mexico, USA. May 2014.
Leaf and stemBromus japonicus (Japanese brome); densely pubescent leaf and stem. Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument, along the West Fork of the Gila River, New Mexico, USA. May 2014.©Russ Kleinman, Bill Norris & Richard Felge/Vascular Plants of the Gila Wilderness/http://www.gilaflora.com/www.wnmu.edu
Bromus japonicus (Japanese brome); florets. (a) ventral. (b) lateral. (c) dorsal. Note scale.
TitleFlorets
CaptionBromus japonicus (Japanese brome); florets. (a) ventral. (b) lateral. (c) dorsal. Note scale.
Copyright©D. Walters & C. Southwick/Table Grape Weed Disseminule ID/USDA APHIS ITP/Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Bromus japonicus (Japanese brome); florets. (a) ventral. (b) lateral. (c) dorsal. Note scale.
FloretsBromus japonicus (Japanese brome); florets. (a) ventral. (b) lateral. (c) dorsal. Note scale.©D. Walters & C. Southwick/Table Grape Weed Disseminule ID/USDA APHIS ITP/Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Bromus

Preferred Common Name

  • bromegrasses

International Common Names

  • English: Bromegrass
  • Spanish: bromos
  • French: Brome; bromes

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Trespe

EPPO code

  • BROSS (Bromus sp.)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Monocotyledonae
  •                     Order: Cyperales
  •                         Family: Poaceae
  •                             Genus: Bromus