Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Caribbean Invasives Information

Caribbean Invasive Alien Species Network

CIASNET provides information on the invasive species of concern to the region, action plans, results of actions and the organizations involved in dealing with invasive species. Documents are accessible by theme and by country. Public awareness materials and news are also available from the website.


Caribbean Invasive Species Threats

This moderated forum allows exchange of information and experience in relation to invasive species threats in the Caribbean

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Terrestrial Vertebrates

Green iguana

March of the Green Iguana

Non-native distribution and predicted geographic range of Iguana iguana in the Greater Caribbean Region.

Green iguana (Iguana iguana) in the Dominican Republic

An article about invasive green iguana in the Dominican Republic.

Puerto Rico: Please eat Iguanas

Puerto Rico's Department of Natural Resources is implementing a plan to export iguana meat in order to reduce numbers of these destructive reptiles whilst also generating an income.

Aquatic Vertebrates


Invasive Lionfish: a Guide to Control and Management

This guide provides best practices for lionfish control and management, including control strategies, outreach and education, research, monitoring, legal considerations and ideas for securing resources and partnerships. By folowing these best practices, resource managers can reduce the local impacts of invasive lionfish in marine protected areas and other places of ecological and economic importance.

Invasive Lionfish (Center for Coastal Fisheries and Habitat Research)

In less than a decade, the Indo-Pacific lionfish (Pterois miles and P. volitans) has become widely established along the Southeast U.S. and Caribbean. Lionfish are presently invading the Gulf of Mexico and South America. Recent estimates of lionfish densities indicate that lionfish have surpassed some native species with the highest estimates reporting over 1000 lionfish per acre in some locations

Lionfish invasion - International Coral Reef Initiative

Includes ICRI Advisory Statement on Lionfish invasion in the Wider Caribbean.

Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute (GCFI) and Lionfish

The documents that comprise this compendium represent papers and presentations from lionfish special sessions held at the annual meeting of the Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute. Starting in 2008, the GCFI, together with partners from NOAA, Florida Sea Grant, and REEF, have conducted sessions comprised of oral presentations on topics ranging from lionfish control strategies in the Wider Caribbean to new research results on lionfish biology and ecology.

Monitoring an Alien Invasion: DNA Barcoding and the Identification of Lionfish and Their Prey on Coral Reefs of the Mexican Caribbean

This is the first report of DNA identification of stomach contents of lionfish using the barcode of life reference database (BOLD).

Lionfish Dissection: Techniques and Application

This document describes protocols for dissecting lionfish (Pterois volitans and P. miles). Protocols were developed to provide guidance to trained research personnel.

Aquatic Invertebrates

Asian Green Mussel

The Asian Green Mussel: Recent Introduction to the South Atlantic Bight.

A factsheet on Perna viridis. The green mussel has been recognized as an invasive species since its recent introduction into the Caribbean and western Atlantic. It is not known when the species was introduced, however populations have been recorded in Trinidad as early as 1990.

Public health risks posed by the invasive Indo-Pacific green mussel in Kingston Harbour, Jamaica

Human consumption of any edible invasive marine invertebrate may seem an attractive control option but the risks to human health posed by consumption of Asian green mussel in Jamaica is discussed in this article by Buddo et al.

Asian Tiger Shrimp

Asian tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) in Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands

Fact sheet and distribution maps.

Plant Diseases

Frosty Pod Rot

Frosty Pod Rot of Cocoa

Information on Frosty Pod Rot, a disease caused by the fungus Moniliophthora roreri which is threatening the cocoa industry in Trinidad and Tobago.

Survey for the presence of Frosty Pod Rot in Trinidad and Tobago

Results of a survey carried out in 225 farms in Trinidad and Tobago in late 2010.

Protect Our Cocoa Industry - Frosty Pod Rot

An information leaflet issued by the Ministry of Food Production, Land and Marine Affairs, Trinidad and Tobago


Survey of Invasive Alien Plant Species on Gros Piton, Saint Lucia, 2012

The aim of this survey was to establish the extent to which two invasive plant species (Tradescantia zebrina and Callisia fragrans) had spread away from the main track where they were first observed. At the same time other alien plant species would be investigated to see if they posed a present or future risk to the flora of Gros Piton.
The survey recorded the presence/absence of observed alien plant species at 114 GPS-referenced points on Gros Piton during 6 field days in April 2012.

Plants of the Island of Puerto Rico

This innovative website, 15 years in the making, features the native and introduced plants of the island of Puerto Rico and provides rapid access to information on 3,500 species of plants on the island. The website focuses especially on the hundreds of rare plants known from the island, about 230 of which are found nowhere else in the world. Based on the most recent taxonomic research, Plants of the Island of Puerto Rico focuses on providing information needed to help improve the conservation of the plants and native ecosystems of Puerto Rico. The website also provides three directories for plants and conservation on the island: a Green Guide with places, activities and groups, a Green Agro-Guide, with local producers interested in sustainable agriculture, and Info-Botany, with projects, museum collections, and free electronic publications.


Exotic Invasive Species in the US Virgin Islands

This publication features an overview of the ecology of biological invasions and features 10 species that affect forest health in the US Virgin Islands.

Pl@ntInvasion Species Information Sheets

Pl@ntInvasion is a collaborative identification and information platform on invasive plants in French Overseas Territories (including Martinique, Guadeloupe, St Martin and St Barthelemy). Freely accessible direct links are provided to species information sheets. Currently only in French.


Invasive Alien Species Database for the Caribbean Region

A comprehensive list of IAS in the Caribbean based on the 2003 Kairo et al. report but with added information from a variety of other sources.

Database of Island Invasive Species Eradications (DIISE)

A centralized database covering all of the recorded invasive vertebrate eradications on islands and an important tool in helping improve the quality of eradications.

The Island Biodiversity and Invasive Species Database (IBIS)

IBIS is focused on the threat of invasive alien species on native species and ecosystems on islands.