Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

A recombinant Rabies virus expressing Echinococcus granulosus EG95 induces protective immunity in mice.

Abstract

Cystic echinococcosis (CE), caused by Echinococcus granulosus (E), is a zoonosis with a worldwide distribution, resulting in heavy impact to public health and social economics. In this study, we generated a recombinant rabies virus (RABV) expressing EG95 protein of E. granulosus (LBNSE-EG95) as a bivalent candidate vaccine for use in sheep and cattle against CE and rabies, which is another severe health threat in CE-endemic areas. It was found that EG95 was successfully expressed without altering the pathogenicity of parent LBNSE vector. Further study showed that LBNSE-EG95 immunization in mice elicited activation of dendric cells (DCs) and B cells and induced Th1-/Th2-mediated cellular immune responses, leading to robust production of RABV neutralizing antibodies and high level of EG95-sepecific antibodies with more than 90% protection against CE. In addition, single dose of LBNSE-EG95 conferred full protection against lethal RABV challenge in mice. Collectively, these results suggest that the recombinant LBNSE-EG95 has the potential to be developed as an efficient bivalent vaccine for sheep and cattle use in endemic areas of CE and rabies.