Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Endophytic fungal association in roots of exotic medicinal plants cultivated in the Nilgiris (Western Ghats, Peninsular India).

Abstract

Some soil beneficial microbes help in the establishment and growth of exotic medicinal plants. We evaluated the presence and status of root endophyte [arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi and dark septate endophytic (DSE) fungi] association in ten exotic medicinal plant species cultivated in the Nilgiris (Western Ghats). The AM fungi colonized all the examined plant species, and eight plants had the co-occurrence of DSE fungi. The extent of fungal endophyte variables and root hair characteristics significantly differed among the plants. Six AM fungal spore morphotypes were identified. Thus, this study indicated the association of exotic medicinal plants with native AM and DSE fungi which could be exploited to promote growth and increase secondary metabolite production in these plant species.