Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Recurrences of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis: strains involved, within-host diversity, and fine-tuned allocation of reinfections.

Abstract

Recurrent tuberculosis occurs due to exogenous reinfection or reactivation/persistence. We analysed 90 sequential MDR Mtb isolates obtained in Argentina from 27 patients with previously diagnosed MDR-TB that recurred in 2018 (1-10 years, 2-10 isolates per patient). Three long-term predominant strains were responsible for 63% of all MDR-TB recurrences. Most of the remaining patients were infected by strains different from each other. Reactivation/persistence of the same strain caused all but one recurrence, which was due to a reinfection with a predominant strain. One of the prevalent strains showed marked stability in the recurrences, while in another strain higher SNP-based diversity was observed. Comparisons of intra- versus inter-patient SNP distances identified two possible reinfections with closely related variants circulating in the community. Our results show a complex scenario of MDR-TB infections in settings with predominant MDR Mtb strains.