Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Determination of physiochemical, bioactive and sensory characteristics of some exotic mushrooms (Pleurotus ostreatus, Pleurotus eryngii, Hericium erinaceus).

Abstract

In addition to its high nutritional value, the interest in food sources which is containing bioactive products is steadily increase nowadays. In respect to cultivated mushrooms, they excite world wide interest. In this study; the physicochemical, bioactive, and sensory properties of Pleurotus ostreatus, Pleurotus eryngii, and Hericium erinaceus from the exotic mushrooms, which have a high production and consumption potential in our country, were examined. The results showed that although mushrooms contain high protein and ash, they have low fat and calorie values. Although the highest protein value (23.31±0.1 g/100 g dry matter) was determined in H. erinaceus, it was not found differences among mushroom species (p > 0.05) used in this study. In addition, in bioactive properties, the highest amount of total phenolic substance (5.06±0.21 mg GAE/g) and antioxidant activity (43.11±2.74 µmol TE/g) were observed in H. erinaceus mushrooms. Among the mushrooms of the Pleurotus species, P. eryngii showed higher bioactivity as well as a statistically significant difference (p < 0.05). In this study, various characters of some exotic mushrooms, which are widely consumed, are examined. it is aimed that results will contribute to the producer, consumer, and literature.