Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

The ribosome is the ultimate receptor for trypsin modulating oostatic factor (TMOF).

Abstract

Aedes aegypti Trypsin Modulating Oostatic Factor (AeaTMOF). a mosquito decapeptide that controls trypsin biosynthesis in female and larval mosquitoes. enters the gut epithelial cells of female mosquitoes using ABC-tmfA receptor/importer. To study the ultimate targeted receptor after AeaTMOF enters the cell, AeaTMOF was incubated in vitro with either Escherichia coli or Spodoptera frugiperda protein-expressing extracts containing 70S and 80S ribosomes, respectively. The effect of AeaTMOF on luciferase biosynthesis in vitro using 70S ribosomes was compared with that of oncocin112 (1-13), a ribosome-binding antibacterial peptide. The IC50 of 1 μM and 2 μM, respectively, for both peptides was determined. Incubation with a protein-expressing system and S. frugiperda 80S ribosomes determined an IC50 of 1.8 μM for Aedes aegypti larval late trypsin biosynthesis. Incubation of purified E. coli ribosome with increasing concentration of AeaTMOF shows that the binding of AeaTMOF to the bacterial ribosome exhibits a high affinity (KD = 23 ± 3.4 nM, Bmax = 0.553 ± 0.023 pmol/μg ribosome and Kassoc = 4.3 × 107 M-1). Molecular modeling and docking experiments show that AeaTMOF binds bacterial and Drosophila ribosome (50S and 60S, respectively) at the entrance of the ribosome exit tunnel, blocking the tRNA entrance and preventing protein biosynthesis. Recombinant E. coli cells that express only ABC-tmfA importer are inhibited by AeaTMOF but not by oncocin112 (1-13). These results suggest that the ribosome is the ultimate targeted receptor of AeaTMOF.