Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Bioaccumulation patterns of trace elements by native (M. galloprovincialis) and invasive (X. securis) mussels in coastal systems (Vigo Ria, Nw Iberian Peninsula).

Abstract

A number of trace elements (Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Nb, Mo, Ag, Cd, Pb, U and the rare earth elements - REE) were analyzed in the dissolved phase, suspended particulate matter and in different organs (gills, hepatopancreas, and the rest of soft tissue) in mussels of the native Mytilus galloprovincialis and invasive Xenostrobus securis species in the Vigo Ria (NW Iberian Peninsula) in order to assess potential differences in their bioaccumulation patterns. Results obtained do not show significant differences in the bioaccumulation of trace elements by M. galloprovincialis and X. securis, except for Zn and Ag. In the case of Zn, a 4-fold enrichment in M. galloprovincialis compared to X. securis was found. The most important differences between species were observed for Ag, with approximately 40-fold higher concentrations in X. securis. Such elevated Ag bioaccumulation by X. securis can be useful for Ag biomonitoring using these invasive species in this area. Previous article in issue.