A review of policies and measures for agricultural biodiversity conservation in China and outlook for post 2020.
Agricultural biodiversity is an important component of biodiversity and provides ecological services needed for human sustainable development. While the importance of agricultural biodiversity conservation is far less publicly recognized than that for nature conservation. As a large agricultural country, and one of the counties with the richest biodiversity in the world as well as one of the earliest party of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), China should taken further measures to strengthen the conservation of agricultural biodiversity for a better implementation of the CBD and development of sustainable agriculture. This paper reviews policies, conservation measures and achievements of agricultural diversity conservation in China during the last decades. In summary, concerns on agricultural biodiversity conservation were gradually increased, and great achievements have been reached in the conservation of genetic resources, fish resources, and animal husbandry resources as well as in the control of invasive species. However, agricultural diversity in China is still facing the threats of habitat degradation and destruction, species invasion, genetic resources loss, environmental pollution, as well as climate change. In face of the increasing concern on agrobiodiversity conservation in global biodiversity conservation strategy after 2020, the following six suggestions are proposed for the improvement of the conservation of agrobiodiversity, including:establishing a national survey and monitoring system for agro-biodiversity; establishing a national plan for biodiversity conservation in agricultural areas, and integrating agricultural diversity conservation with ecological restoration and sustainable agricultural development; improving legislation and policy, and ecological compensation measures for agricultural diversity conservation; improving legislation and policies for alien species control; strengthening research on approaches and technologies for the conservation and utilization of agricultural biodiversity; strengthening science popularization education and promoting public participation.