Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Water deficiency with nitrogen enrichment makes Wedelia trilobata to become weak competitor under competition.

Abstract

Global environmental changes are believed to promote the invasion of many invasive plant species, especially under nitrogen enrichment conditions. However, it is unclear, how invasive plant species respond to nitrogen enrichment along with water deficit. In this study, competition of invasive plant (Wedelia trilobata, WT) was studied with its congener native (Wedelia chinensis, WC) under three levels of nitrogen (control, additional and double additional), two levels of water (normal and deficit) and three types of culture (single, mono and mixed). The result showed that under control treatment and additional nitrogen, the growth of WT was 30% higher than WC in all cultures but under additional nitrogen along with water deficit the growth of WT was 20% lower than WC within single plant and monoculture. Under competition, biomass, specific leaf area, root-to-shoot ratio, leaf chlorophyll content and leaf nitrogen of WT were 20-40% decreased as compared to WC under water deficit along with nitrogen addition treatments. These results indicated that competitive interaction between WT and WC was altered by additional nitrogen together with water deficit. It provides exceptional evidence that vigorous invasive species become weak competitor under additional nitrogen along with water deficit.