Phylogeographic patterns and demographic history of Pomacea canaliculata and Pomacea maculata from different countries (Ampullariidae, Gastropoda, Mollusca).
Invasive species of Pomacea snails are of growing concern when it comes to the conservation of global biodiversity. Pomacea canaliculata has been listed among the world's 100 worst invasive species. In this work, phylogeographic patterns and the demographic history of P. canaliculata and P. maculata from different countries were analyzed using mtDNA cytochrome c oxidase subunit-I (COI) sequences. The results showed that P. canaliculata and P. maculata had high genetic diversity, significant genetic differentiation, limited gene flow and stable population dynamics among different countries. Genetic diversity of P. canaliculata was higher than P. maculata. Our study will also provide important information for the effective prevention and control of the spread of Pomacea snails.