Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract Full Text

Germination and growth of some summer crops as affected by allelopathicity of different waste-land weeds.

Abstract

Studies were conducted to ascertain the phytotoxic action of aqueous extracts and rhizospheric soils of wasteland weeds such as Parthenium hysterophorus L., Withania somnifera L., Lantana camara L., and Achyranthes aspera L. against four summer crops viz., Gossypium hirsutum L., Helianthus annuus L., Oryza sativa L. and Zea mays L. Experiment was carried out in Agronomy Laboratory, College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Punjab-Pakistan. In first experiment, the 5% (w/v) aqueous extract prepared from whole plant of each weed was applied to germinating crop seeds sown in petri plates. In the second experiment soils collected from rhizosphere of these weeds were filled in plastic pots and used as germination medium for seeds of these crops. A constant temperature of 30oC was maintained in germinator throughout the germination period of 12 days. In first experiment, significantly lower germination percentages (31.7 and 38.3%) and germination indices (4.4 and 6.4) of crops were noted with application of A. aspera and P. hysterophorus extracts, respectively. All weed extracts except L. camara caused significant reduction in shoot length, root length, seedling length and seedling biomass of crops. Root growth of the crop seedlings was influenced more than their shoot growth. In second experiment, germination percentage, shoot dry weight, seedling biomass and seedling vigor index of crops were significantly inhibited by rhizospheric soil of all weeds. Among crops, H. annuus was more susceptible to the deleterious effect of the aqueous extracts as well as rhizospheric soils of weeds. It can be concluded that wasteland weeds especially P. hysterophorus and A. aspera imparted more negative impact on the germination and seedling growth of test crops. Therefore, crop fields and their surroundings should be kept free from these weeds by clean cultivation.