Research progress of biology and population influencing factors in bumblebee.
Bumblebee is a name commonly used for species of bees in the genus Bombus, of the family Apoidae, of the Hymenoptera. Currently, approximately 260 bumblebee species are recognized worldwide. China is the country richest in bumblebee species world-wide, and a total of 125 bumblebee species have been identified. Bumblebees are important pollinators of many wild plants and crops and play a major role in natural ecosystems and agricultural food production. Some bumblebee species with strong population potential and easy to be reared have been developed and utilized to pollinate different crops. Here we describe the biology, pollination of bumblebee, and review the potential influencing factors of bumblebee population, including habitat loss, climate change, pathogens, alien species, agrochemicals. In addition, the application basic research, resource protection and evaluation of pollination economic value of bumblebee were prospected, in order to provide reference for the application, conservation and ecological function of bumblebee in China.